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Dopamine D2 D4 personality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490263/the-association-of-dopamine-pathway-gene-score-nicotine-dependence-and-smoking-cessation-in-a-rural-male-population-of-shandong-china
#1
Suyun Li, Qiang Wang, Lulu Pan, Huijie Li, Xiaorong Yang, Fan Jiang, Nan Zhang, Mingkui Han, Chongqi Jia
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Smoking and smoking cessation are both psychological and physiological traits. We aimed to investigate the interaction between dopamine pathway gene scores and nicotine dependence on smoking cessation in a rural Chinese male population. METHODS: Participants were recruited from 17 villages in Shandong, China. DNA was extracted from blood sample of 819 participants. 25 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 8 dopamine (DA) pathway genes were genotyped...
September 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26352802/the-impact-of-selective-dopamine-d2-d3-and-d4-ligands-on-the-rat-gambling-task
#2
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Patricia Di Ciano, Abhiram Pushparaj, Aaron Kim, Jessica Hatch, Talal Masood, Abby Ramzi, Maram A T M Khaled, Isabelle Boileau, Catherine A Winstanley, Bernard Le Foll
Gambling is an addictive disorder with serious societal and personal costs. To-date, there are no approved pharmacological treatments for gambling disorder. Evidence suggests a role for dopamine in gambling disorder and thus may provide a therapeutic target. The present study therefore aimed to investigate the effects of selective antagonists and agonists of D2, D3 and D4 receptors in a rodent analogue of the Iowa gambling task used clinically. In this rat gambling task (rGT), animals are trained to associate different response holes with different magnitudes and probabilities of food pellet rewards and punishing time-out periods...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22292056/a-combination-of-dopamine-genes-predicts-success-by-professional-wall-street-traders
#3
Steve Sapra, Laura E Beavin, Paul J Zak
What determines success on Wall Street? This study examined if genes affecting dopamine levels of professional traders were associated with their career tenure. Sixty professional Wall Street traders were genotyped and compared to a control group who did not trade stocks. We found that distinct alleles of the dopamine receptor 4 promoter (DRD4P) and catecholamine-O-methyltransferase (COMT) that affect synaptic dopamine were predominant in traders. These alleles are associated with moderate, rather than very high or very low, levels of synaptic dopamine...
2012: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21527290/psychopathological-aspects-of-dopaminergic-gene-polymorphisms-in-adolescence-and-young-adulthood
#4
REVIEW
Zsofia Nemoda, Anna Szekely, Maria Sasvari-Szekely
Dopamine hypotheses of several psychiatric disorders are based upon the clinical benefits of drugs affecting dopamine transporter or receptors, and have prompted intensive candidate gene research within the dopaminergic system during the last two decades. The aim of this review is to survey the most important findings concerning dopaminergic gene polymorphisms in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Tourette syndrome (TS), obsessive compulsive disorder, and substance abuse. Also, genetic findings of related phenotypes, such as inattention, impulsivity, aggressive behavior, and novelty seeking personality trait are presented, because recent studies have applied quantitative trait measures using questionnaires, symptom scales, or other objective endophenotypes...
August 2011: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20672519/-family-based-association-study-of-drd1-drd2-drd3-drd4-dat-comt-gene-polymorphism-in-schizophrenia
#5
Kapelski Paweł, Joanna Hauser, Maria Skibińska, Aleksandra Szczepankiewicz, Monika Dmitrzak-Weglarz, Karolina Gorzkowska, Joanna Pawlak, Piotr M Czerski
AIM: The aim of the study was to estimate of the transmission of six candidate genes alleles (according to the dopaminergic hypothesis of schizophrenia) by parents to their children with schizophrenia. The genes under investigation were the following: DRD1 (polymorphism -48A/G), DRD2 (polymorphism -141C ins/del), DRD3 (polymorphism Ser9Gly), DRD4 (polymorphism -521C/T), DAT (polymorphism VNTR w 3'-UTR), COMT (polymorphism Val108(158)Met). Method. There were 116 families in the group under investigation (the ill person and his/her both parents)...
May 2010: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20457843/resiliency-to-victimization-the-role-of-genetic-factors
#6
Kevin M Beaver, Christina Mancini, Matt DeLisi, Michael G Vaughn
There is a burgeoning line of criminological research examining the genetic underpinnings to a wide array of antisocial phenotypes. From this perspective, genes are typically viewed as risk factors that increase the odds of various maladaptive behaviors. However, genes can also have protective effects that insulate against the deleterious effects of environmental pathogens. The authors use this logic as a springboard to examine whether four different genes protect against victimization in a sample of youths determined to be at risk for being victimized...
March 2011: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20205808/association-between-dopaminergic-polymorphisms-and-borderline-personality-traits-among-at-risk-young-adults-and-psychiatric-inpatients
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Zsofia Nemoda, Karlen Lyons-Ruth, Anna Szekely, Eszter Bertha, Gabor Faludi, Maria Sasvari-Szekely
BACKGROUND: In the development of borderline personality disorder (BPD) both genetic and environmental factors have important roles. The characteristic affective disturbance and impulsive aggression are linked to imbalances in the central serotonin system, and most of the genetic association studies focused on serotonergic candidate genes. However, the efficacy of dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) blocking antipsychotic drugs in BPD treatment also suggests involvement of the dopamine system in the neurobiology of BPD...
January 12, 2010: Behavioral and Brain Functions: BBF
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20004478/genetic-risk-parent-child-relations-and-antisocial-phenotypes-in-a-sample-of-african-american-males
#8
Kevin M Beaver, Ashley Sak, Jamie Vaske, Jessica Nilsson
Gene x environment interactions have been found to be associated with the development of antisocial behaviors. The extant gene x environment research, however, has failed to measure directly the ways in which global measures of genetic risk may interact with a putative environmental risk factor. The current study addresses this gap in the literature and examines the interrelationships among a global measure of genetic risk based on five genetic polymorphisms, a measure of parent-child relations, and eight antisocial phenotypes...
January 30, 2010: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18232064/a-biosocial-explanation-of-delinquency-abstention
#9
REVIEW
Brian B Boutwell, Kevin M Beaver
BACKGROUND: One of the more influential criminological theories advanced in recent years is Moffitt's developmental taxonomy. A line of research has tested the core propositions from her theory regarding the causes of life-course persistent offenders and the causes of adolescence-limited offenders, but very little research has investigated whether Moffitt's explanation of delinquency abstention is supported empirically. AIM: To examine the biosocial correlates of delinquency abstention...
2008: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18063936/genetic-loading-on-human-loving-styles
#10
Enzo Emanuele, Natascia Brondino, Sara Pesenti, Simona Re, Diego Geroldi
OBJECTIVES: It has been hypothesized that cerebral neurotransmitters such as dopamine and serotonin could play a role in human romantic bonding. However, no data on the genetic basis of human romantic love are currently available. To address this issue, we looked for associations between markers in neurotransmitter genes (the serotonin transporter gene, 5-HTT; the serotonin receptor 2A, 5HT2A; the dopamine D2 receptor gene, DRD2; and the dopamine D4 receptor gene, DRD4) and the six styles of love as conceptualized by Lee (Eros, Ludus, Storge, Pragma, Mania and Agape)...
December 2007: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17186131/gene-environment-contributions-to-young-adult-sexual-partnering
#11
Carolyn T Halpern, Christine E Kaestle, Guang Guo, Denise D Hallfors
To date, there has been relatively little work on gene-environment contributions to human sexuality, especially molecular analyses examining the potential contributions of specific polymorphisms in conjunction with life experiences. Using Wave III data from 717 heterozygous young adult sibling pairs included in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, this article examined the combined contributions of attendance at religious services and three genetic polymorphisms (in the dopamine D4 receptor [DRD4]), dopamine D2 receptor [DRD2]), and the serotonin transporter promoter [5HTT]) to sensation seeking, a personality construct related to sexual behavior, and the number of vaginal sex partners participants had in the year before interview...
August 2007: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16167455/-persistence-as-possible-psychogenetic-endophenotype
#12
Anna Székely, Zsolt Rónai, Mária Sasvári-Székely
For some human traits heritability estimates are well known based on results from twin studies. However, the study of connecting these characteristics to candidate genes in the Human Genome has just been started. The main goal of the recently formulated Human Fenom Project is to define "endophenotypes", characteristics that have considerable heritable component, and can be empirically measured with objective tools, standardized across cultures. Based on our recent findings the VNTR polymorphism in the coding region of the dopamine D4 receptor gene is a candidate gene of the "persistence" trait...
June 2005: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16152802/-polymorphic-markers-of-the-dopamine-d4-receptor-gene-promoter-region-and-personality-traits-in-mentally-healthy-individuals-from-the-russian-population
#13
V E Golimbet, I K Gritsenko, M V Alfimova, R P Ebstein
The dopamine receptor gene D4 is a highly polymorphic gene, which, according to a number of studies, is associated with the personality traits characterizing human activity. Earlier, a VNTR polymorphic marker in exon 3 and single-nucleotide polymorphism in the promoter region were shown to be associated with novelty seeking. However, these results were not supported by all subsequent studies, which suggest a possible effect of other polymorphic regions of this gene. The aim of the present work was studying the effect of gene DRD4 on activity-related human personality traits in Russians, using in association analysis three polymorphic markers of this gene (-809 G/A, -616 C/G, and -521 C/T) and psychological traits assessed by various tests...
July 2005: Genetika
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15863792/temperament-and-character-profiles-and-the-dopamine-d4-receptor-gene-in-adhd
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Deborah E Lynn, Gitta Lubke, May Yang, James T McCracken, James J McGough, Janeen Ishii, Sandra K Loo, Stanley F Nelson, Susan L Smalley
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the link among attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults, novelty-seeking temperament, and the 48-base pair (bp) dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene variant. METHOD: This study drew from a larger molecular genetic study of ADHD in which the ascertainment criterion was having an affected sibling pair with ADHD. Parents (N=171) from 96 families provided data. Of the 171 parents, 56 (33%) had a lifetime history of ADHD, with 28 (50%) continuing to meet DSM-IV criteria (i...
May 2005: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15717990/molecular-genetics-of-personality
#15
REVIEW
Kurtis L Noblett, Emil F Coccaro
Although initial reports of genetic contributions to personality dimensions were promising, continued empirical support remains controversial. The focus has largely revolved around polymorphisms of the serotonin transporter gene-linked polymorphic region and the D4 dopamine receptor subtype. Equivocal findings likely stem from numerous sources including ethnic diversity of subject samples, phenotypic characterization of personality traits, and insufficient sample sizes. Research has begun to shy away from single gene causation in support of more complex polygenic models of personality traits...
March 2005: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15572183/assessing-publication-bias-in-genetic-association-studies-evidence-from-a-recent-meta-analysis
#16
Marcus R Munafò, Taane G Clark, Jonathan Flint
Publication bias may exist when nonsignificant findings remain unpublished, thereby artificially inflating the apparent magnitude of an effect. This concern is not new, but it is particularly current in relation to genetic association studies. Data from a recent meta-analysis of association studies of personality were used to assess the potential of different graphical and statistical methods for assessing evidence of publication bias. The results suggest that no single method is sufficient for assessing evidence of publication bias, and that such methods may also offer insight into potential sources of heterogeneity, which may in turn guide the design of future studies...
November 30, 2004: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15521359/dopamine-d4-receptors-beyond-schizophrenia
#17
REVIEW
Frank I Tarazi, Kehong Zhang, Ross J Baldessarini
Dopamine D4 receptors mediate a wide range of neuronal signal transduction cascades. Malfunctions of these mechanisms may contribute to the pathophysiology of neuropsychiatric disorders, and their modification underlies the actions of many psychotropic drugs. Postmortem neuropathological and genetic studies provide inconclusive associations between D4 receptors and schizophrenia. Clinical trials of partially selective lead D4 antagonists have proved them to be ineffective against psychotic symptoms in patients diagnosed with schizophrenia...
August 2004: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15519116/dopamine-d4-receptor-gene-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#18
Yitzchak Frank, Robert G Pergolizzi, Mindy J Perilla
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a prevalent disorder characterized by hyperactivity, impulsivity, and attentional dysfunction. It is familial and heritable. Its pathophysiology is thought to involve an abnormality of the brain's dopaminergic neurotransmitter system. Recent work has identified a distinct polymorphism of the dopamine D4 receptor gene in normal people with a behavioral temperament profile characterized by features of "novelty seeking" which include impulsive and exploratory behaviors...
November 2004: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15389772/genetic-variants-implicated-in-personality-a-review-of-the-more-promising-candidates
#19
REVIEW
Jonathan B Savitz, Rajkumar S Ramesar
Alleles of the serotonin transporter gene (SERT) and the dopamine 4 receptor gene (DRD4) were first associated with anxiety-related and novelty-seeking personality traits, respectively, in 1996. These early successes precipitated a flood of research into the genetic basis of personality; a quest that has yet to yield decisive answers. Here, both the theoretical and the empirical evidence implicating specific loci-in particular SERT and DRD4-in the development of personality is evaluated. Despite a paucity of statistically significant results following post-hoc analysis, and an excess of positive results derived from studies with small sample sizes, the existence of a genuine effect is argued for: a gene-personality relationship rendered periodically latent through genetic epistasis, gene-environment interactions, variation in genetic background, and the presence of other confounding variables...
November 15, 2004: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15297753/allele-frequency-distribution-of-the-canine-dopamine-receptor-d4-gene-exon-iii-and-i-in-23-breeds
#20
Hideyuki Ito, Hidetoshi Nara, Miho Inoue-Murayama, Makoto K Shimada, Akiko Koshimura, Yuko Ueda, Hitoshi Kitagawa, Yukari Takeuchi, Yuji Mori, Yuichi Murayama, Mitsuo Morita, Toshiroh Iwasaki, Katuaki Ota, Yuichi Tanabe, Shin'ichi Ito
Various canine breeds are remarkably different from each other not only in their sizes and shapes but also in behavioral traits, suggesting that some of them are under genetic control. Although dopaminergic neurotransmission system is considered to affect animal behavior, little is known about related genes in canine. Relations between specific alleles in polymorphic regions of the dopamine receptor D4 gene (DRD4) and personality or psychiatric disorders have been reported in humans, and we first found polymorphism in exon III region of the gene in 4 canine breeds...
July 2004: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
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