Read by QxMD icon Read

Sepsis hemodialysis

Guillaume Jean, Jean-Claude Souberbielle, Eric Zaoui, Christie Lorriaux, Jean-Marc Hurot, Brice Mayor, Patrik Deleaval, Manolie Mehdi, Charles Chazot
BACKGROUND: Observational studies have recently associated a decrease in serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) level with a higher rate of mortality among hemodialysis (HD) patients. Decreases in PTH level can result from medical intervention (MPD) and surgical parathyroidectomy (PTX), or may occur spontaneously, usually associated with an underlying malnutrition-inflammation syndrome (SPD). The aim of our study was to prospectively identify the incidence of decreases in PTH level in a cohort of HD patients and the frequency distribution of the different causes (MPD, PTX and SPD), as well as to evaluate the survival outcomes for each PTH group (MPD, PTX and SPD) compared to patients who did not experience a PTH decrease over the first 36 months of the study (NPD)...
October 18, 2016: BMC Nephrology
Kohji Shirai
BACKGROUND: The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) is a new arterial stiffness index of the arterial tree from the origin of the aorta to the ankle, and was essentially derived from the stiffness parameterβtheory proposed by Hayashi. The conspicuous feature of CAVI is independency from blood pressure at the time of measurement. AIM: The purpose is to clarify the meaning of CAVI as a surrogate marker of arteriosclerosis, and also the role of CAVI in the blood pressure control system...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Masaaki Murakami, Genichi Sakaguchi, Noriko Mori
OBJECTIVE: In patients with a high risk of fistula immaturity, we created arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) combined with brachial artery superficialization. With this procedure, the superficialized arteries are used as drawing routes and the AVFs as returning routes. This is a technical report about AVFs combined with brachial artery superficialization. METHODS: Twenty-four consecutive patients with a high risk of fistula immaturity who underwent AVFs with brachial artery superficialization were included in this single-center retrospective study...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Talerngsak Kanjanabuch, Nuttha Lumlertgul, Lachlan J Pearson, Tanittha Chatsuwan, Krit Pongpirul, Asada Leelahavanichkul, Nisa Thongbor, Gunticha Nuntawong, Laksamon Praderm, Pantiwa Wechagama, Surapong Narenpitak, Apinya Wechpradit, Worauma Punya, Guttiga Halue, Phetpailin Naka, Somboon Jeenapongsa, Somchai Eiam-Ong
♦ Background: Melioidosis, an infectious disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, is endemic in Southeast Asia and Northern Australia. Although a wide range of clinical manifestations from this organism are known, peritonitis associated with peritoneal dialysis (PD) has rarely been reported. ♦ Patients and Methods: Peritoneal dialysis patients from all regions in Thailand were eligible for the study if they had peritonitis and either peritoneal fluid or effluent culture positive for B.pseudomallei Patient data obtained included baseline characteristics, laboratory investigations, treatments, and clinical outcomes...
October 13, 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Soo Jin Park, Ji Ye Park, Joonho Jung, You Sun Hong, Cheol Joo Lee, Sang Hyun Lim
The dehiscence of saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) is a rare, often fatal, complication of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We present the case of a 57-year-old man who underwent hemiarch graft interposition and CABG for a Stanford type A aortic dissection. Five months after discharge, the patient developed streptococcal sepsis caused by a hemodialysis catheter. Complete rupture of the proximal anastomoses of the saphenous veins and containment by the obliterated pericardial cavity was observed 25 months after the initial operation...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
D Chaitanya Reddy, Shaikh Mohammed Aslam S
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Catherine L Oberg, Robert J Hiensch, Hooman D Poor
OBJECTIVE: To report a case series of three patients with hepatitis C virus infection who all presented with severe type B lactic acidosis shortly after starting treatment with ombitasvir-paritaprevir-ritonavir-dasabuvir. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: ICU. PATIENTS: Three patients, all who had HCV cirrhosis with mild hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh A) and had started taking ombitasvir-paritaprevir-ritonavir-dasabuvir within the preceding 2 weeks, presented with similar nonspecific symptoms of lethargy, fatigue, and nausea...
September 22, 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Deepak Sharma, Ankur Patel, Priyanka Soni, Pradeep Sharma, Basudev Gupta
Empedobacter brevis is gram-negative bacilli that belongs to Flavobacteriaceae family. It was previously known with name of Flavobacterium breve. The reservoir of these bacteria is soil, plants, water, food, hospital water sources, including incubators, sinks, faucets, tap water, hemodialysis systems, saline solutions, and other pharmaceutical solutions. We report a case of term female newborn, admitted with complaint of respiratory distress developing soon after birth and developed clinical features of sepsis at age of 92 hours of postnatal life...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Kohji Shirai
BACKGROUND: The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) is a new arterial stiffness index of the arterial tree from the origin of the aorta to the ankle, and was essentially derived from the stiffness parameterβtheory proposed by Hayashi. The conspicuous feature of CAVI is independency from blood pressure at the time of measurement. AIM: The purpose is to clarify the meaning of CAVI as a surrogate marker of arteriosclerosis, and also the role of CAVI in the blood pressure control system...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Eva Aebert, Maike Büttner-Herold, Frederick Pfister, Thomas Mühlbacher, Christoph Berg, Martin Müller, Michael Haap, Ferruh Artunc
HISTORY AND ADMISSION FINDINGS: A 39-year-old male refugee from Gambia is admitted to the emergency room with fever, body aches and productive cough. INVESTIGATIONS: Laboratory, ultrasound and CT investigations show a sepsis due to Staphylcoccus aureus, a renal failure with the appearance of "snow-white" kidneys on ultrasound and a previously unknown acute HIV-infection. DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT AND COURSE: Broad antibiotic treatment and an antiretroviral therapy (adapted to the impaired renal function) as well as hemodialysis are commenced...
August 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Neza N Sarkari, Sarah M Perman, Adit A Ginde
PURPOSE: Do-not-attempt-resuscitation (DNAR) orders are common in severe sepsis, but the impact on clinical care is not known. Our primary objective was to determine the impact of early DNAR orders on in-hospital mortality and performance of key interventional procedures among severe sepsis hospitalizations. Our secondary objective was to further investigate what patient characteristics within the sepsis DNAR population affected outcomes. METHODS: Using the 2010-2011 California State Inpatient Dataset, we analyzed hospitalizations for adults admitted through the emergency department with severe sepsis...
July 9, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
Erik Backhaus, Stefan Berg, Rune Andersson, Gunilla Ockborn, Petter Malmström, Mats Dahl, Salmir Nasic, Birger Trollfors
BACKGROUND: Incidence, manifestations and case-fatality rate (CFR) of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) vary with age and comorbidities. New vaccines, changing age distribution, prolonged survival among immunocompromised patients and improved sepsis management have created a need for an update of basic facts to inform vaccine recommendations. METHODS: Age, gender and comorbidities were related to manifestations and death for 2977 consecutive patients with IPD in a Swedish region with 1...
August 3, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Sérgio Aparecido Cleto, Camila Eleutério Rodrigues, Ceila Maria Malaque, Jaques Sztajnbok, Antônio Carlos Seguro, Lúcia Andrade
BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis is a health problem worldwide. Its most severe form is a classic model of sepsis, provoking acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and acute kidney injury (AKI), with associated mortality that remains unacceptably high. We previously demonstrated that early initiation of sustained low-efficiency dialysis (SLED) followed by daily SLED significantly decreases mortality. However, the mode of clearance can also affect dialysis patient outcomes. Therefore, the objective of this study was to compare the effects of SLED with traditional (diffusive) clearance, via hemodialysis, and SLED with convective clearance, via hemodiafiltration (SLEDf), in patients with severe leptospirosis...
2016: PloS One
Takayasu Ohtake, Yasuhiro Mochida, Junya Matsumi, Kazuki Tobita, Kunihiro Ishioka, Machiko Oka, Kyoko Maesato, Hidekazu Moriya, Sumi Hidaka, Shigeru Saito, Shuzo Kobayashi
To assess the clinical benefit of combined treatment of below-knee endovascular therapy (BK-EVT) plus low-density lipoprotein apheresis (LDLA) compared with BK-EVT monotherapy, we retrospectively evaluated the clinical outcome of hemodialysis (HD) patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) due to isolated BK arterial lesions who underwent BK-EVT or BK-EVT plus short-term LDLA. Between October 2011 and September 2014, 62 HD patients underwent isolated BK-EVT monotherapy (BK-EVT group), and 25 HD patients underwent BK-EVT plus LDLA (BK-EVT + LDLA group)...
July 14, 2016: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
Sara Korula, Sindhu Balakrishnan, Shyam Sundar, Vergis Paul, Anuroop Balagopal
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The information regarding the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in medical Intensive Care Units (ICUs) in South India is limited. The aim of the study was to find the incidence, prognostic factors, and outcome of patients with AKI. We also assessed whether only urine output criteria of risk, injury, failure, loss, end (RIFLE) classification can be used to look at the outcome of AKI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, cross-sectional study of 6 months duration in a 28 bedded medical ICU of a tertiary center...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Cosimo Chelazzi, Gianluca Villa, Maria Grazia D'Alfonso, Paola Mancinelli, Guglielmo Consales, Margherita Berardi, Angelo Raffaele De Gaudio, Stefano Romagnoli
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis with high cut-off continuous veno-venous hemodialyzer (HCO-CVVHD) removes mediators of organ dysfunction during sepsis. This study assessed the clinical effects of HCO-CVVHD as compared to high-flux (HF) membranes during gram-negative sepsis. METHODS: Intensive care unit (ICU), septic patients treated with HCO-CVVHD or HF-CVVHDF for AKI were retrospectively observed (January 2013-December 2014). Mechanical ventilation, vasopressors' requirements, ICU length of stay (LOS) and ICU in-hospital mortality were compared between groups...
2016: Blood Purification
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
Julia Pohl, Maria Papathanasiou, Martin Heisler, Pia Stock, Malte Kelm, Ulrike B Hendgen-Cotta, Tienush Rassaf, Peter Luedike
BACKGROUND: Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is known to amplify the immune response in septic animal models. Few clinical data support this pro-inflammatory role in septic patients. Renal replacement therapy (RRT) as adjuvants in the complex therapy of sepsis has been proposed as a possible approach to eliminate elevated circulating cytokines. Since recent data suggest that MIF can be effectively removed from the circulating blood pool in patients with chronic kidney disease, we here aimed to investigate whether RRT in septic shock can lower plasma levels of this pro-inflammatory cytokine in septic shock patients...
2016: Journal of Intensive Care
S Y Byun, J W Jeong, J H Choi, K P Lee, H Y Youn, H J Maeng, K H Song, T S Koo, K W Seo
Meropenem, a second carbapenem antimicrobial agent with a broad spectrum of activity, is used to treat sepsis and resistant-bacterial infections in veterinary medicine. The objective of this study was to identify the pharmacokinetics of meropenem in dogs receiving intermittent hemodialysis (IHD) and to determine the proper dosing in renal failure patients receiving IHD. Five healthy beagle dogs were given a single i.v. dose of 24 mg/kg of meropenem and received IHD. The blood flow rate, dialysate flow, and ultrafiltration rate were maintained at 40 mL/min, 300 mL/min, and 40 mL/h, respectively...
June 15, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Gaute Reier Jenssen, Line Vold, Eirik Hovland, Hans-Jacob Bangstad, Karin Nygård, Anna Bjerre
BACKGROUND: Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) is a clinical triad of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, impaired renal function and thrombocytopenia, primarily affecting pre-school-aged children. HUS can be classified into diarrhea-associated HUS (D(+)HUS), usually caused by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), and non-diarrhea-associated HUS (D(-)HUS), both with potentially serious acute and long-term complications. Few data exists on the clinical features and long-term outcome of HUS in Norway...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"