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cosmos, physics,

Bettina S Husebo, Elisabeth Flo, Dag Aarsland, Geir Selbaek, Ingelin Testad, Christine Gulla, Irene Aasmul, Clive Ballard
BACKGROUND: Nursing home patients have complex mental and physical health problems, disabilities and social needs, combined with widespread prescription of psychotropic drugs. Preservation of their quality of life is an important goal. This can only be achieved within nursing homes that offer competent clinical conditions of treatment and care. COmmunication, Systematic assessment and treatment of pain, Medication review, Occupational therapy, Safety (COSMOS) is an effectiveness-implementation hybrid trial that combines and implements organization of activities evidence-based interventions to improve staff competence and thereby the patients' quality of life, mental health and safety...
2015: Implementation Science: IS
Steven M Rosen
Through an exploration of theoretical physics, this paper suggests the need for regrounding natural science in phenomenological philosophy. To begin, the philosophical roots of the prevailing scientific paradigm are traced to the thinking of Plato, Descartes, and Newton. The crisis in modern science is then investigated, tracking developments in physics, science's premier discipline. Einsteinian special relativity is interpreted as a response to the threat of discontinuity implied by the Michelson-Morley experiment, a challenge to classical objectivism that Einstein sought to counteract...
December 2015: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
Mohamed ElMaghawry, Alberto Zanatta, Fabio Zampieri
In his quest to comprehend his existence, Man has long been exploring his outer world (macro-cosmos), as well as his inner world (micro-cosmos). In modern times, monmental advances in the fields of physics, chemistry, and other natural sciences have reflected on how we understand the anatomy and physiology of the human body and circulation. Yet, humanity took a long and winding road to reach what we acknowledge today as solid facts of cardiovascular physiology. In this article, we will review some of the milestones along this road...
2014: Global Cardiology Science & Practice
Adam S Burrows, Jeremiah P Ostriker
Using basic physical arguments, we derive by dimensional and physical analysis the characteristic masses and sizes of important objects in the universe in terms of just a few fundamental constants. This exercise illustrates the unifying power of physics and the profound connections between the small and the large in the cosmos we inhabit. We focus on the minimum and maximum masses of normal stars, the corresponding quantities for neutron stars, the maximum mass of a rocky planet, the maximum mass of a white dwarf, and the mass of a typical galaxy...
February 18, 2014: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
R Gothóni
This paper is based on clinical work as a pastoral counsellor with 26 elderly chronic patients at one of the city hospitals in Helsinki. The author discusses how the patients experience chaos and cosmos and how the telling of their life stories encourages them to encounter the crisis. They asked: who am I in the midst of all these (cultural, social and physical) changes? Chaos was experienced as a feeling of alienation from oneself, of being unable to determine one's own living conditions, and of being unable to handle stress situations by the same means as before...
January 1990: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Adrian Cho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2013: Science
Gustavo Dias Almeida, Dan Makumbi, Cosmos Magorokosho, Sudha Nair, Aluízio Borém, Jean-Marcel Ribaut, Marianne Bänziger, Boddupalli M Prasanna, Jose Crossa, Raman Babu
Despite numerous published reports of quantitative trait loci (QTL) for drought-related traits, practical applications of such QTL in maize improvement are scarce. Identifying QTL of sizeable effects that express more or less uniformly in diverse genetic backgrounds across contrasting water regimes could significantly complement conventional breeding efforts to improve drought tolerance. We evaluated three tropical bi-parental populations under water-stress (WS) and well-watered (WW) regimes in Mexico, Kenya and Zimbabwe to identify genomic regions responsible for grain yield (GY) and anthesis-silking interval (ASI) across multiple environments and diverse genetic backgrounds...
March 2013: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
D W Savin, N S Brickhouse, J J Cowan, R P Drake, S R Federman, G J Ferland, A Frank, M S Gudipati, W C Haxton, E Herbst, S Profumo, F Salama, L M Ziurys, E G Zweibel
An emerging theme in modern astrophysics is the connection between astronomical observations and the underlying physical phenomena that drive our cosmos. Both the mechanisms responsible for the observed astrophysical phenomena and the tools used to probe such phenomena-the radiation and particle spectra we observe-have their roots in atomic, molecular, condensed matter, plasma, nuclear and particle physics. Chemistry is implicitly included in both molecular and condensed matter physics. This connection is the theme of the present report, which provides a broad, though non-exhaustive, overview of progress in our understanding of the cosmos resulting from recent theoretical and experimental advances in what is commonly called laboratory astrophysics...
March 2012: Reports on Progress in Physics
Chaya Greenberger
The Swedish sociologist Tornstam perceives old age as the peak of human maturation whose favorable culmination is gerotranscendence. The latter is characterized by breaking out of one's finite existence and uniting with a greater world with respect to past, present, and future. Tornstam relates to gerotranscendent roots in Eastern cultures; this study will examine how gerotranscendence finds expression in Jewish sources. Varied Jewish texts speak to how the wisdom that accrues from life experience enables one to rise above physical decline and enrich relationships via self, fellow man, and cosmos...
June 2012: Journal of Religion and Health
Anna Schmidt, Julia Jung, Nicole Ernstmann, Elke Driller, Melanie Neumann, Andrea Staratschek-Jox, Christian Schneider, Jürgen Wolf, Holger Pfaff
BACKGROUND: This study analyses the effect of active participation in a sports club, physical activity and social networks on the development of lung cancer in patients who smoke. Our hypothesis is that study participants who lack social networks and do not actively participate in a sports club are at a greater risk for lung cancer than those who do. METHODS: Data for the study were taken from the Cologne Smoking Study (CoSmoS), a retrospective case-control study examining potential psychosocial risk factors for the development of lung cancer...
2012: BMC Research Notes
Rama S Singh
Cosmology and evolution together have enabled us to look deep into the past and comprehend evolution-from the big bang to the cosmos, from molecules to humans. Here, I compare the nature of theories in biology and physics and ask why physical theories get accepted by the public without necessarily comprehending them but biological theories do not. Darwin's theory of natural selection, utterly simple in its premises but profound in its consequences, is not accepted widely. Organized religions, and creationists in particularly, have been the major critic of evolution, but not all opposition to evolution comes from organized religions...
October 2011: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
James R Jastifer, Luis H Toledo-Pereyra, Peter A Gustafson
INTRODUCTION: Galileo Galilei (1564-1642), world-renowned Italian mathematician, astronomer, physicist and philosopher, made many contributions to science. The objective of this study is to demonstrate that Galileo's discovery of scaling principles permitted others to define and advance orthopaedic research and clinical sciences. METHODS: The science and scaling principles of Galileo Galilei were extensively analyzed by reviewing his 1638 original work Discorsi e Demostrazioni Matematiche Intorno a Due Nuove Scienze...
2011: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Alessio Andronico, Arlo Randall, Ryan W Benz, Pierre Baldi
Accurate prediction of the 3-D structure of small molecules is essential in order to understand their physical, chemical, and biological properties, including how they interact with other molecules. Here, we survey the field of high-throughput methods for 3-D structure prediction and set up new target specifications for the next generation of methods. We then introduce COSMOS, a novel data-driven prediction method that utilizes libraries of fragment and torsion angle parameters. We illustrate COSMOS using parameters extracted from the Cambridge Structural Database (CSD) by analyzing their distribution and then evaluating the system's performance in terms of speed, coverage, and accuracy...
April 25, 2011: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
A P Balachandran, Anosh Joseph, Pramod Padmanabhan
The consideration of noncommutative spacetimes in quantum theory can be plausibly advocated from physics at the Planck scale. Typically, this noncommutativity is controlled by fixed "vectors" or "tensors" with numerical entries like θμν for the Moyal spacetime. In approaches enforcing Poincaré invariance, these deform or twist the method of (anti)symmetrization of identical particle state vectors. We argue that the Earth's rotation and movements in the cosmos are "sudden" events to Pauli-forbidden processes...
July 30, 2010: Physical Review Letters
Arne Schirrmacher
This paper discusses the role of popular science communication for the 'cultural milieu' or more generally the 'environment' of scientists and science in Germany between c. 1900 and 1933 in the sense of Paul Forman. On the rich basis of diverse journals aiming at a differentiated public the discourse on atomic physics is sketched. Since the thesis of a general hostility towards atomic physics in particular and science in general cannot be accredited the question arises how widespread and in which sense a crisis of science was discussed in the Weimar years...
December 2008: Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1949: American Scientist
V C Rubin
Our perception of the universe has been altered by recent discoveries in astronomy, discoveries of new objects and of new phenomena, coming from a wide range of observing techniques. By 1990 astronomers expect to know more about the distribution of mass in the universe, the physics of energetic sources, and the intricate interconnections of astrophysical processes on a variety of spatial and temporal scales.
July 4, 1980: Science
F A Wilczek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 28, 1988: Science
Frank M Spinath, Heike Wolf
After briefly recapitulating two earlier German twin studies (BiLSAT and GOSAT), we present two new German twin studies with a longitudinal perspective: CoSMoS and TwinPaW. The twin study on Cognitive ability, Self-reported Motivation and School performance (CoSMoS) aims to investigate predictors and influences of school performance in a genetically sensitive design, beginning with children in late elementary school. The Twin study on Personality And Wellbeing (TwinPaW) focuses on adult personality and its relation to physical health as well as health-related behavior in an adult sample of twins...
December 2006: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
Michael S Turner
Cosmology is in the midst of a period of revolutionary discovery, propelled by bold ideas from particle physics and by technological advances from gigapixel charge-coupled device cameras to peta-scale computing. The basic features of the universe have now been determined: It is 13.7 billion years old, spatially flat, and expanding at an accelerating rate; it is composed of atoms (4%), exotic dark matter (20%), and dark energy (76%); and there is evidence that galaxies and other structures were seeded by quantum fluctuations...
January 5, 2007: Science
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