keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cosmos,

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776848/comparison-of-current-methods-used-to-detect-cryptosporidium-oocysts-in-stools
#1
REVIEW
Shahira A Ahmed, Panagiotis Karanis
In this review all of the methods that are currently in use for the investigation of Cryptosporidium in stool material are highlighted and critically discussed. It appears that more qualifications and background knowledge in this field regarding the diagnosis of the Cryptosporidium parasite is required. Furthermore, there is no standardization for the protocols that are commonly used to either detect oocysts in faeces or to diagnose the Cryptosporidium infection. It is therefore necessary to initiate further education and research that will assist in improving the accuracy of the diagnosis of Cryptosporidium oocysts in the faecal micro-cosmos...
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776692/risk-of-hospitalization-associated-with-body-mass-index-and-weight-changes-among-prevalent-haemodialysis-patients
#2
Juan J Carrero, Ivan Rodríguez-Cabezas, Abdul R Qureshi, Jürgen Floege, Markus Ketteler, Gerard London, Francesco Locatelli, Dimitrios Memmos, David Goldsmith, Aníbal Ferreira, Judit Nagy, Vladimir Teplan, Carlos Martínez-Salgado, José L Fernández-Martín, Carmine Zoccali, Jorge B Cannata-Andia
The impact of body mass index (BMI) and body weight on hospitalization rates in haemodialysis patients is unknown. This study hypothesizes that being either underweight or obese is associated with a higher hospitalization rate. Observational study of 6296 European haemodialysis patients with prospective data collection and follow-up every six months for three years (COSMOS study). The risk of being hospitalized was estimated by a time-dependent Cox regression model and the annual risk (incidence rate ratios, IRR) by Poisson regression...
May 15, 2018: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765637/the-cosmic-spiderweb-equivalence-of-cosmic-architectural-and-origami-tessellations
#3
Mark C Neyrinck, Johan Hidding, Marina Konstantatou, Rien van de Weygaert
For over 20 years, the term 'cosmic web' has guided our understanding of the large-scale arrangement of matter in the cosmos, accurately evoking the concept of a network of galaxies linked by filaments. But the physical correspondence between the cosmic web and structural engineering or textile 'spiderwebs' is even deeper than previously known, and also extends to origami tessellations. Here, we explain that in a good structure-formation approximation known as the adhesion model, threads of the cosmic web form a spiderweb, i...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741651/serum-phosphate-optimal-timing-and-range-associated-with-patients-survival-in-haemodialysis-the-cosmos-study
#4
José L Fernández-Martín, Adriana Dusso, Pablo Martínez-Camblor, Maria P Dionisi, Jürgen Floege, Markus Ketteler, Gérard London, Francesco Locatelli, José L Górriz, Boleslaw Rutkowski, Willem-Jan Bos, Christian Tielemans, Pierre-Yves Martin, Rudolf P Wüthrich, Drasko Pavlovic, Miha Benedik, Diego Rodríguez-Puyol, Juan J Carrero, Carmine Zoccali, Jorge B Cannata-Andía
Background: Serum phosphate is a key parameter in the management of chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD). The timing of phosphate measurement is not standardized in the current guidelines. Since the optimal range of these biomarkers may vary depending on the duration of the interdialytic interval, in this analysis of the Current management of secondary hyperparathyroidism: a multicentre observational study (COSMOS), we assessed the influence of a 2- (midweek) or 3-day (post-weekend) dialysis interval for blood withdrawal on serum levels of CKD-MBD biomarkers and their association with mortality risk...
May 7, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683042/factors-affecting-continuation-of-clean-intermittent-catheterisation-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-results-of-the-cosmos-mixed-methods-study
#5
Doreen McClurg, Carol Bugge, Andrew Elders, Tasneem Irshad, Suzanne Hagen, Katherine N Moore, Brian Buckley, Mandy Fader
BACKGROUND: Clean intermittent catheterisation (CIC) is often recommended for people with multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE: To determine the variables that affect continuation or discontinuation of the use of CIC. METHODS: A three-part mixed-method study (prospective longitudinal cohort ( n = 56), longitudinal qualitative interviews ( n = 20) and retrospective survey ( n = 456)) was undertaken, which identified the variables that influenced CIC continuation/discontinuation...
April 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584469/profiling-of-plants-at-petroleum-contaminated-site-for-phytoremediation
#6
Raymond Oriebe Anyasi, Harrison Ifeanyichukwu Atagana
The paucity of information in the literature on the characteristics of plants that could be used for phytoremediation of petroleum hydrocarbons (PHC)-contaminated sites was the principal reason for this study. The aim of the study was to identify indigenous plants growing in PHC-impacted soil in Umuahia in eastern-Nigeria that have the ability to phytoremediate soils contaminated with hydrocarbons under tropical monsoon climate conditions. A total of 28 native plant species from different families growing in and around hydrocarbon-impacted soil in the vicinity of vandalized pipelines carrying petroleum products were collected and studied for their ability to grow in a hydrocarbon-impacted soil and remove the PHC from the impacted soil...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565406/the-laws-of-the-cosmos-solar-power-challenges-and-darwin-s-contribution-to-geology-books-in-brief
#7
Barbara Kiser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551981/effects-of-resisted-sprint-training-and-traditional-power-training-on-sprint-jump-and-balance-performance-in-healthy-young-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Olaf Prieske, Tom Krüger, Markus Aehle, Erik Bauer, Urs Granacher
Power training programs have proved to be effective in improving components of physical fitness such as speed. According to the concept of training specificity, it was postulated that exercises must attempt to closely mimic the demands of the respective activity. When transferring this idea to speed development, the purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of resisted sprint (RST) vs. traditional power training (TPT) on physical fitness in healthy young adults. Thirty-five healthy, physically active adults were randomly assigned to a RST ( n = 10, 23 ± 3 years), a TPT ( n = 9, 23 ± 3 years), or a passive control group ( n = 16, 23 ± 2 years)...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472222/books-mind-and-cosmos-why-the-materialist-neo-darwinian-conception-of-nature-is-almost-certainly-false-can-sentience-be-explained-by-substance
#9
Alistair Appleby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470410/the-evolving-role-of-multivitamin-multimineral-supplement-use-among-adults-in-the-age-of-personalized-nutrition
#10
REVIEW
Jeffrey B Blumberg, Regan L Bailey, Howard D Sesso, Cornelia M Ulrich
Micronutrient deficiencies occur in segments of the adult population in the United States. Multivitamin/multimineral supplements (MVMS) are widely used by this population, which reduces inadequacies in micronutrient intake, but the potential for exceeding tolerable upper intake levels in others should be considered. There are concerns associated with the excessive intake of certain nutrients, particularly folic acid, and potential untoward consequences. The advent of nutrigenomics and the enhanced ability to directly study the interactions between nutrition and genetic variants and expression will allow for the conduct of more targeted studies with specific endpoints and may ultimately lead to progress in the field of personalized nutrition...
February 22, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431129/cohort-profile-lifework-a-prospective-cohort-study-on-occupational-and-environmental-risk-factors-and-health-in-the-netherlands
#11
Marije Reedijk, Virissa Lenters, Pauline Slottje, Anouk Pijpe, Petra H Peeters, Joke C Korevaar, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, W M Monique Verschuren, Robert A Verheij, Inka Pieterson, Flora E van Leeuwen, Matti A Rookus, Hans Kromhout, Roel C H Vermeulen
PURPOSE: LIFEWORK is a large federated prospective cohort established in the Netherlands to quantify the health effects of occupational and environmental exposures. This cohort is also the Dutch contribution to the international Cohort Study of Mobile Phone Use and Health (COSMOS). In this paper, we describe the study design, ongoing data collection, baseline characteristics of participants and the repeatability of key questionnaire items. PARTICIPANTS: 88 466 participants were enrolled in three cohort studies in 2011-2012...
February 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370766/description-of-an-advance-care-planning-intervention-in-nursing-homes-outcomes-of-the-process-evaluation
#12
Irene Aasmul, Bettina S Husebo, Elisabeth Flo
BACKGROUND: Advance Care Planning (ACP) is the repeated communication and decision-making process between the patient, family, and healthcare professionals. This study describes an ACP intervention in nursing homes and evaluates the outcomes of the implementation process. METHODS: The ACP intervention was part of a 4-month complex, cluster randomized controlled trial (COSMOS). 37 Norwegian nursing homes with 72 units (1 cluster = 1 unit) and 765 patients were invited to participate and eligible units were randomised to the intervention group or control...
January 25, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338317/cosmos-gods-and-madmen-frameworks-in-the-anthropologies-of-medicine-edited-by-roland-littlewood-and-rebecca-lynch
#13
Jane Derges
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274893/cognitive-and-self-regulatory-mechanisms-of-obesity-study-cosmos-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-weight-loss-trial-examining-change-in-biomarkers-cognition-and-self-regulation-across-two-behavioral-treatments
#14
M A W Hawkins, Janna Colaizzi, John Gunstad, Joel W Hughes, Larry L Mullins, Nancy Betts, Caitlin E Smith, Natalie G Keirns, Kathleen D Vohs, Shirley M Moore, Evan M Forman, William R Lovallo
Obesity is a global epidemic, yet successful interventions are rare. Up to 60% of people fail to achieve clinically meaningful, short-term weight loss (5-10% of start weight), whereas up to 72% are unsuccessful at achieving long-term weight loss (5-10% loss for ≥5years). Understanding how biological, cognitive, and self-regulatory factors work together to promote or to impede weight loss is clearly needed to optimize obesity treatment. This paper describes the methodology of the Cognitive and Self-regulatory Mechanisms of Obesity Study (the COSMOS trial)...
March 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224374/chemical-characterisation-and-hepatoprotective-potential-of-cosmos-sulphureus-cav-and-cosmos-bipinnatus-cav
#15
Mohammad Saleem, Hafiz Akbar Ali, Muhammad Furqan Akhtar, Uzma Saleem, Ammara Saleem, Iram Irshad
This study was conducted to validate the hepatoprotective activity of Cosmos sulphureus and Cosmos bipinnatus. Aqua-methanolic extracts of both plants were evaluated for the presence of various phyto-constituents through HPLC. Different doses of both plant extracts were administered to rats for nine days. Standard control was silymarin 100 mg/kg. Paracetamol 1 gm/kg was administered 3 h post treatment on 9th day for induction of hepatotoxicity. Blood was collected for the evaluation of liver biochemical markers and livers were removed for histopathological evaluation 24 h post-paracetamol treatment...
December 11, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222066/large-scale-randomized-clinical-trials-of-bioactives-and-nutrients-in-relation-to-human-health-and-disease-prevention-lessons-from-the-vital-and-cosmos-trials
#16
REVIEW
Susanne Rautiainen, Howard D Sesso, JoAnn E Manson
Several bioactive compounds and nutrients in foods have physiological properties that are beneficial for human health. While nutrients typically have clear definitions with established levels of recommended intakes, bioactive compounds often lack such a definition. Although a food-based approach is often the optimal approach to ensure adequate intake of bioactives and nutrients, these components are also often produced as dietary supplements. However, many of these supplements are not sufficiently studied and have an unclear role in chronic disease prevention...
December 29, 2017: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210356/single-molecule-studies-contrast-ordered-dna-replication-with-stochastic-translesion-synthesis
#17
Gengjing Zhao, Emma S Gleave, Meindert Hugo Lamers
High fidelity replicative DNA polymerases are unable to synthesize past DNA adducts that result from diverse chemicals, reactive oxygen species or UV light. To bypass these replication blocks, cells utilize specialized translesion DNA polymerases that are intrinsically error prone and associated with mutagenesis, drug resistance, and cancer. How untimely access of translesion polymerases to DNA is prevented is poorly understood. Here we use co-localization single-molecule spectroscopy (CoSMoS) to follow the exchange of the E...
December 6, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138089/rapid-two-step-dipole-inversion-for-susceptibility-mapping-with-sparsity-priors
#18
Christian Kames, Vanessa Wiggermann, Alexander Rauscher
Quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) is a post-processing technique of gradient echo phase data that attempts to map the spatial distribution of local tissue magnetic susceptibilities. To obtain these maps, an ill-posed field-to-source inverse problem must be solved to remove non-local magnetic field perturbations. Current state-of-the-art algorithms which aim to solve the dipole inversion problem are plagued by the trade-off between reconstruction speed and accuracy. A two-step dipole inversion algorithm is proposed to bridge this gap...
February 15, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133442/a-probabilistic-framework-for-identifying-biosignatures-using-pathway-complexity
#19
Stuart M Marshall, Alastair R G Murray, Leroy Cronin
One thing that discriminates living things from inanimate matter is their ability to generate similarly complex or non-random structures in a large abundance. From DNA sequences to folded protein structures, living cells, microbial communities and multicellular structures, the material configurations in biology can easily be distinguished from non-living material assemblies. Many complex artefacts, from ordinary bioproducts to human tools, though they are not living things, are ultimately produced by biological processes-whether those processes occur at the scale of cells or societies, they are the consequences of living systems...
December 28, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089633/physiological-and-transcriptome-response-to-cadmium-in-cosmos-cosmos-bipinnatus-cav-seedlings
#20
Yujing Liu, Xiaofang Yu, Yimei Feng, Chao Zhang, Chao Wang, Jian Zeng, Zhuo Huang, Houyang Kang, Xing Fan, Lina Sha, Haiqin Zhang, Yonghong Zhou, Suping Gao, Qibing Chen
To date, several species of Asteraceae have been considered as Cd-accumulators. However, little information on the Cd tolerance and associated mechanisms of Asteraceae species Cosmos bipinnatus, is known. Presently, several physiological indexes and transcriptome profiling under Cd stress were investigated. C. bipinnatus exhibited strong Cd tolerance and recommended as a Cd-accumulator, although the biomasses were reduced by Cd. Meanwhile, Cd stresses reduced Zn and Ca uptake, but increased Fe uptake. Subcellular distribution indicated that the vacuole sequestration in root mainly detoxified Cd under lower Cd stress...
October 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
59434
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"