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Evaluation of no evidence of disease activity in a 7 year

Nathan R Tucker, Saagar Mahida, Jiangchuan Ye, Elizabeth J Abraham, Julie A Mina, Victoria A Parsons, Michael A McLellan, Marisa A Shea, Alan Hanley, Emelia J Benjamin, David J Milan, Honghuang Lin, Patrick T Ellinor
BACKGROUND: The genetic basis of atrial fibrillation (AF) and congenital heart disease remains incompletely understood. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the causative mutation in a family with AF, atrial septal and ventricular septal defects. METHODS: We evaluated a pedigree with 16 family members, one with an atrial septal defect, one with a ventricular septal defect and three with AF; we performed whole exome sequencing in three affected family members...
October 15, 2016: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
David John Webb
Treatment-resistant hypertension (TRH) is defined as the failure to achieve an office BP target of <140/90 mmHg (<130/80 mmHg in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) or diabetes) in patients with hypertension (HT), despite adherence to at least 3 antihypertensive medications at optimal tolerated doses, ideally including a diuretic (Calhoun et al., Circulation 2008). TRH identifies patients with hard-to-treat HT, who might benefit from specialist investigation and treatment. Although some studies put the prevalence of TRH as >10%, these levels may be inflated by white-coat hypertension and poor adherence...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Louisa G Gordon, Robbie James, Haitham W Tuffaha, Anthony Lowe, John Yaxley
PURPOSE: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) to diagnose prostate cancer and direct all low-risk patients into active surveillance (AS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Markov cohort model was developed to assess three scenarios: 1) no mpMRI and current AS; 2) mpMRI and current AS; and 3) mpMRI and increased AS. Men were tracked from diagnosis to end-of-life. Estimates to populate the model were derived from systematic reviews, meta-analyses, epidemiological publications, and national cost reports...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
David John Webb
Treatment-resistant hypertension (TRH) is defined as the failure to achieve an office BP target of <140/90 mmHg (<130/80 mmHg in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) or diabetes) in patients with hypertension (HT), despite adherence to at least 3 antihypertensive medications at optimal tolerated doses, ideally including a diuretic (Calhoun et al., Circulation 2008). TRH identifies patients with hard-to-treat HT, who might benefit from specialist investigation and treatment. Although some studies put the prevalence of TRH as >10%, these levels may be inflated by white-coat hypertension and poor adherence...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Monica Bidwal, Kajua Lor, Junhua Yu, Eric Ip
BACKGROUND: Adherence with asthma medications is less than optimal, measuring approximately 30-50%. Several factors have been shown to contribute to medication non-adherence including low-socioeconomic status, low literacy, medication cost, access to care, and language barriers. Community Health Clinic Ole has attempted to reduce medication adherence barriers associated with cost, access to care, and language by 1) allowing medications to be obtained from the clinic at a reduced cost via the 340B drug pricing program and patient assistance programs, and 2) providing one-on-one consultations from bilingual Spanish-speaking clinicians...
August 3, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Carl E Clarke, Smitaa Patel, Natalie Ives, Caroline E Rick, Rebecca Woolley, Keith Wheatley, Marion F Walker, Shihua Zhu, Rebecca Kandiyali, Guiqing Yao, Catherine M Sackley
BACKGROUND: Cochrane reviews of physiotherapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) for Parkinson's disease found insufficient evidence of effectiveness, but previous trials were methodologically flawed with small sample size and short-term follow-up. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of individualised PT and OT in Parkinson's disease. DESIGN: Large pragmatic randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Thirty-eight neurology and geriatric medicine outpatient clinics in the UK...
August 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
M Tirant, P Bayer, J Hercogovấ, M Fioranelli, S Gianfaldoni, A A Chokoeva, G Tchernev, U Wollina, F Novotny, M G Roccia, G K Maximov, K França, T Lotti
Lamellar ichthyosis (LI) is a genetically heterogeneous group of disorders of keratinization that are inherited in an autosomal recessive fashion, occurring in approximately 1 in 300,000 live births. The treatment of the large, dark, plate-like scales that characterize the classic manifestation of the disease are still a challenge. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of Dr. Michaels® skin-care products for the management of LI. A multi-centre European prospective study was conducted, including 10 patients (3 female/7 male) with lamellar ichthyosis, aged 38-54 years old (mean age: 46)...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Valery L Feigin, Gregory A Roth, Mohsen Naghavi, Priya Parmar, Rita Krishnamurthi, Sumeet Chugh, George A Mensah, Bo Norrving, Ivy Shiue, Marie Ng, Kara Estep, Kelly Cercy, Christopher J L Murray, Mohammad H Forouzanfar
BACKGROUND: The contribution of modifiable risk factors to the increasing global and regional burden of stroke is unclear, but knowledge about this contribution is crucial for informing stroke prevention strategies. We used data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 (GBD 2013) to estimate the population-attributable fraction (PAF) of stroke-related disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) associated with potentially modifiable environmental, occupational, behavioural, physiological, and metabolic risk factors in different age and sex groups worldwide and in high-income countries and low-income and middle-income countries, from 1990 to 2013...
August 2016: Lancet Neurology
Qin Wang, Taixiang Wu, Xiao Y Chen, Xin Duan, Jie Zheng, Jieqi Qiao, Likun Zhou, Jiafu Wei, Juan Ni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Sandy Amorim, Anastasios Stathis, Mary Gleeson, Sunil Iyengar, Valeria Magarotto, Xavier Leleu, Franck Morschhauser, Lionel Karlin, Florence Broussais, Keyvan Rezai, Patrice Herait, Carmen Kahatt, François Lokiec, Gilles Salles, Thierry Facon, Antonio Palumbo, David Cunningham, Emanuele Zucca, Catherine Thieblemont
BACKGROUND: The first-in-class small molecule inhibitor OTX015 (MK-8628) specifically binds to bromodomain motifs BRD2, BRD3, and BRD4 of bromodomain and extraterminal (BET) proteins, inhibiting them from binding to acetylated histones, which occurs preferentially at super-enhancer regions that control oncogene expression. OTX015 is active in haematological preclinical entities including leukaemia, lymphoma, and myeloma. We aimed to establish the recommended dose of OTX015 in patients with haematological malignancies...
April 2016: Lancet Haematology
Amy Abruzzi, Bernard Fried, Sukaina B Alikhan
Although a considerable number of studies have been undertaken to date, it is still controversial as to whether or not coinfection with schistosomiasis increases the susceptibility to or progression from Hepatitis B virus (HBV) or Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. This review is a closer examination of the key studies conducted on human populations on clinical factors that were published in English between 1975 and January 2015. Our review is mainly based on tables containing the salient information, which are arranged first by study population, country of study and publication date...
2016: Advances in Parasitology
John Bridgewater, Andre Lopes, Sandra Beare, Marian Duggan, Dymphna Lee, Maravic Ricamara, Delyth McEntee, Ajithkumar Sukumaran, Harpreet Wasan, Juan W Valle
BACKGROUND: Combined treatment with cisplatin and gemcitabine (CisGem) is the standard of care for patients with advanced biliary tract cancer (ABC). Selumetinib (AZD6244, ARRY-142886) potently and selectively inhibits MEK1/2, an intracellular kinase and has shown activity in ABC. The objective of the ABC-04 trial was to establish the recommended dose of selumetinib in combination with CisGem in patients with ABC. METHODS: Eligible patients were ≥ 18 years, had histologically or cytologically-confirmed unresectable recurrent or metastatic biliary tract, gallbladder or ampullary carcinoma, WHO performance status 0-2, and adequate major organ function...
2016: BMC Cancer
Nirali N Shah, Melinda S Merchant, Diane E Cole, Nalini Jayaprakash, Donna Bernstein, Cindy Delbrook, Kelly Richards, Brigitte C Widemann, Alan S Wayne
BACKGROUND: Vincristine sulfate liposome injection (VSLI; Marqibo®) is an encapsulated preparation of standard vincristine in sphingomyelin/cholesterol liposomes. Clinical trials in adults have demonstrated safety, tolerability, and activity, leading to Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for adults with relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Pediatric experience with VSLI is limited. PROCEDURE: This single center, phase I dose escalation study examined the safety, toxicity, maximum tolerated dose, and pharmacokinetics of VSLI administered weekly to pediatric patients age <21 years with relapsed or chemotherapy-refractory solid tumors or leukemia...
June 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Anthony K Akobeng, Mamoun Elawad, Morris Gordon
BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease is a chronic relapsing condition of the alimentary tract with a high morbidity secondary to bowel inflammation. Glutamine plays a key role in maintaining the integrity of the intestinal mucosa and has been shown to reduce inflammation and disease activity in experimental models of Crohn's disease. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of glutamine supplementation for induction of remission in Crohn's disease. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following databases from inception to November 15, 2015: MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and the Cochrane IBD Group Specialised Register...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Fiona Reid, Janet Peacock, Bola Coker, Viktoria McMillan, Cornelius Lewis, Stephen Keevil, Roy Sherwood, Gill Vivian, Robert Logan, Jennifer Summers
BACKGROUND: Bile acid malabsorption (BAM) is one possible explanation for chronic diarrhea. BAM may be idiopathic, or result from ileal resection or inflammation including Crohn's disease, or may be secondary to other conditions, including cholecystectomy, peptic ulcer surgery, and chronic pancreatitis. No "gold standard" exists for clinical diagnosis of BAM, but response to treatment with a bile acid sequestrant (BAS) is often accepted as confirmation. The SeHCAT (tauroselcholic [selenium-75] acid) test uses a radiolabeled synthetic bile acid and provides a diagnostic test for BAM, but its performance against "trial of treatment" is unknown...
2016: JMIR Research Protocols
Carl E Clarke, Smitaa Patel, Natalie Ives, Caroline E Rick, Francis Dowling, Rebecca Woolley, Keith Wheatley, Marion F Walker, Catherine M Sackley
IMPORTANCE: It is unclear whether physiotherapy and occupational therapy are clinically effective and cost-effective in Parkinson disease (PD). OBJECTIVE: To perform a large pragmatic randomized clinical trial to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of individualized physiotherapy and occupational therapy in PD. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The PD REHAB Trial was a multicenter, open-label, parallel group, controlled efficacy trial. A total of 762 patients with mild to moderate PD were recruited from 38 sites across the United Kingdom...
March 2016: JAMA Neurology
Ya Yu, Xiang Li, Liping Qu, Yang Chen, Yanping Dai, Mei Wang, Wenjun Zou
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Diao Xin Xue Kang (DXXK) is the active pharmaceutical ingredient of the traditional Chinese medicinal product DXXK capsules, which have been approved for the treatment of cardiovascular disease and have been widely used clinically in China for many years with distinct curative effects. In March 2012, DXXK capsules were approved in the Netherlands, making them the first traditional herbal medicinal product (THMP) made outside of Europe. AIM: To assess the anti-inflammatory effects of DXXK and the underlying mechanisms at the cellular and molecular levels...
February 3, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Kazuki Uemura, Hiroyuki Shimada, Takehiko Doi, Hyuma Makizako, Kota Tsutsumimoto, Hyuntae Park, Takao Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Memory impairment is considered a hallmark of amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and dementia. Emerging evidence suggests that the prefrontal lobe is required to maintain memory functions. The purpose of this study was to clarify whether older adults with aMCI have decreased prefrontal oxygenation during memory encoding and retrieval compared with age-matched healthy older adults, using multi-channel near-infrared spectroscopy. METHODS: We examined 64 older adults with aMCI (mean 71...
June 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Tony Reid, Bryan Oronsky, Jan Scicinski, Curt L Scribner, Susan J Knox, Shoucheng Ning, Donna M Peehl, Ron Korn, Meaghan Stirn, Corey A Carter, Arnold Oronsky, Michael J Taylor, William L Fitch, Pedro Cabrales, Michelle M Kim, Howard A Burris, Christopher D Lao, Nacer E D Abrouk, Gary R Fanger, Jeffrey R Infante
BACKGROUND: Epigenetic alterations have been strongly associated with tumour formation and resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs, and epigenetic modifications are an attractive target in cancer research. RRx-001 is activated by hypoxia and induces the generation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species that can epigenetically modulate DNA methylation, histone deacetylation, and lysine demethylation. The aim of this phase 1 study was to assess the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of RRx-001...
September 2015: Lancet Oncology
Rui Li, Shuli Qu, Ping Zhang, Sajal Chattopadhyay, Edward W Gregg, Ann Albright, David Hopkins, Nicolaas P Pronk
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a highly prevalent and costly disease. Studies indicate that combined diet and physical activity promotion programs can prevent type 2 diabetes among persons at increased risk. PURPOSE: To systematically evaluate the evidence on cost, cost-effectiveness, and cost-benefit estimates of diet and physical activity promotion programs. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Library, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Sociological Abstracts, Web of Science, EconLit, and CINAHL through 7 April 2015...
September 15, 2015: Annals of Internal Medicine
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