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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646736/cell-damage-caused-by-ultraviolet-b-radiation-in-the-desert-cyanobacterium-phormidium-tenue-and-its-recovery-process
#1
Gaohong Wang, Songqiang Deng, Jiafeng Liu, Chaoran Ye, Xiangjun Zhou, Lanzhou Chen
Phormidium tenue, a cyanobacterium that grows in the topsoil of biological soil crusts (BSCs), has the highest recovery rate among desert crust cyanobacteria after exposure to ultraviolet B (UV-B) radiation. However, the mechanism underlying its recovery process is unclear. To address this issue, we measured chlorophyll a fluorescence, generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), lipid peroxidation, and repair of DNA breakage in P. tenue following exposure to UV-B. We found that UV-B radiation at all doses tested reduced photosynthesis and induced cell damage in P...
June 21, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645570/quantitative-proteomics-analysis-by-itraq-revealed-underlying-changes-in-thermotolerance-of-arthrospira-platensis
#2
Rong Chang, Bingxin Lv, Bosheng Li
Growth temperature is a critical factor that affects cultivation of Arthrospira platensis which is a type of cyanobacterium widely known as Spirulina that has significant commercial value. To investigate the molecular mechanism underlying the thermotolerance of Spirulina, differential protein expression profiling was carried out using iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomic analysis. This study only analyzed changes in thylakoids. Among the 2085 proteins quantified, 43 differentially expressed proteins were selected based on the fold change cutoff scores of ≥2 or ≤0...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638369/diversity-and-activity-of-diazotrophs-in-great-barrier-reef-surface-waters
#3
Lauren F Messer, Mark V Brown, Miles J Furnas, Richard L Carney, A D McKinnon, Justin R Seymour
Discrepancies between bioavailable nitrogen (N) concentrations and phytoplankton growth rates in the oligotrophic waters of the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) suggest that undetermined N sources must play a significant role in supporting primary productivity. One such source could be biological dinitrogen (N2) fixation through the activity of "diazotrophic" bacterioplankton. Here, we investigated N2 fixation and diazotroph community composition over 10° S of latitude within GBR surface waters. Qualitative N2 fixation rates were found to be variable across the GBR but were relatively high in coastal, inner and outer GBR waters, reaching 68 nmol L(-1) d(-1)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635593/the-protein-slr1143-is-an-active-diguanylate-cyclase-in-synechocystis-sp-pcc-6803-and-interacts-with-the-photoreceptor-cph2
#4
Veronika Angerer, Philipp Schwenk, Thomas Wallner, Volkhard Kaever, Andreas Hiltbrunner, Annegret Wilde
Cyclic-di-GMP is an ubiquitous second messenger in bacteria. Several c-di-GMP receptor proteins have been identified to date, and downstream signalling pathways are often mediated through protein-protein interactions. The photoreceptor Cph2 from the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 comprises three domains related to c-di-GMP metabolism: two GGDEF and one EAL domain. It has been shown that the C-terminal GGDEF domain acts as blue-light triggered c-di-GMP producer thereby inhibiting motility of the cells in blue light...
June 21, 2017: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634476/changes-in-n-p-supply-ratios-affect-the-ecological-stoichiometry-of-a-toxic-cyanobacterium-and-its-fungal-parasite
#5
Thijs Frenken, Joren Wierenga, Alena S Gsell, Ellen van Donk, Thomas Rohrlack, Dedmer B Van de Waal
Human activities have dramatically altered nutrient fluxes from the landscape into receiving waters. As a result, not only the concentration of nutrients in surface waters has increased, but also their elemental ratios have changed. Such shifts in resource supply ratios will alter autotroph stoichiometry, which may in turn have consequences for higher trophic levels, including parasites. Here, we hypothesize that parasite elemental composition will follow changes in the stoichiometry of its host, and that its reproductive success will decrease with host nutrient limitation...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632181/spirulina-protects-against-hepatic-inflammation-in-aging-an-effect-related-to-the-modulation-of-the-gut-microbiota
#6
Audrey M Neyrinck, Bernard Taminiau, Hannah Walgrave, Georges Daube, Patrice D Cani, Laure B Bindels, Nathalie M Delzenne
Aging predisposes to hepatic dysfunction and inflammation that can contribute to the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Spirulina, a cyanobacterium used as a food additive or food supplement, has been shown to impact immune function. We have tested the potential hepatoprotective effect of a Spirulina in aged mice and to determine whether these effects can be related to a modulation of the gut microbiota. Old mice have been fed a standard diet supplemented with or without 5% Spirulina for six weeks...
June 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630913/an-innovative-biologic-system-for-photon-powered-myocardium-in-the-ischemic-heart
#7
Jeffrey E Cohen, Andrew B Goldstone, Michael J Paulsen, Yasuhiro Shudo, Amanda N Steele, Bryan B Edwards, Jay B Patel, John W MacArthur, Michael S Hopkins, Casey E Burnett, Kevin J Jaatinen, Akshara D Thakore, Justin M Farry, Vi N Truong, Alexandra T Bourdillon, Lyndsay M Stapleton, Anahita Eskandari, Alexander S Fairman, William Hiesinger, Tatiana V Esipova, William L Patrick, Keven Ji, Judith A Shizuru, Y Joseph Woo
Coronary artery disease is one of the most common causes of death and disability, afflicting more than 15 million Americans. Although pharmacological advances and revascularization techniques have decreased mortality, many survivors will eventually succumb to heart failure secondary to the residual microvascular perfusion deficit that remains after revascularization. We present a novel system that rescues the myocardium from acute ischemia, using photosynthesis through intramyocardial delivery of the cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus...
June 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629233/a-new-antibiotic-produced-by-the-cyanobacterium-symbiotic-fungus-simplicillium-lanosoniveum
#8
Qinglin Dong, Rongzhen Dong, Xiangying Xing, Yukuan Li
The culture broth of the cyanobacterium-symbiotic fungus Simplicillium lanosoniveum var. Tianjinienss Q. L. Dong exhibited unanticipated antibacterial activities against the Gram-positive bacteria, particularly the pathogenic bacterium Staphylococcus aureus, indicating the secretion of antibiotic-like metabolite, for which the modified Sabouraud medium was the suitable medium. The antibiotic-like metabolite was separated with macroporous resins CT-12 (absorption) and 95% ethanol (desorption), purified by ion-exchange resins D301T and displayed a characteristic absorption peak at 228 nm, suggesting the presence of nitrogen...
June 19, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618360/the-distribution-of-phosphorus-and-its-transformations-during-batch-growth-of-synechocystis
#9
Yun Zhou, Binh T Nguyen, Chen Zhou, Levi Straka, YenJung Sean Lai, Siqing Xia, Bruce E Rittmann
Phosphorus (P) is an essential nutrient that affects the growth and metabolism of microalgal biomass. Despite the obvious importance of P, the dynamics of how it is taken up and distributed in microalgae are largely undefined. In this study, we tracked the fate of P during batch growth of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. We determined the distribution of P in intracellular polymeric substances (IPS), extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), and soluble microbial products (SMP) for three initial ortho-phosphate concentrations...
June 9, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616951/direct-characterization-of-the-native-structure-and-mechanics-of-cyanobacterial-carboxysomes
#10
Matthew Faulkner, Jorge Rodriguez-Ramos, Gregory F Dykes, Siân V Owen, Selene Casella, Deborah M Simpson, Robert J Beynon, Lu-Ning Liu
Carboxysomes are proteinaceous organelles that play essential roles in enhancing carbon fixation in cyanobacteria and some proteobacteria. These self-assembling organelles encapsulate Ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) and carbonic anhydrase using a protein shell structurally resembling an icosahedral viral capsid. The protein shell serves as a physical barrier to protect enzymes from the cytosol and a selectively permeable membrane to mediate transport of enzyme substrates and products...
June 15, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606423/unraveling-the-presence-of-multi-class-toxins-from-trichodesmium-bloom-in-the-gulf-of-mannar-region-of-the-bay-of-bengal
#11
Sumathy Shunmugam, Manickam Gayathri, Nainangu Prasannabalaji, Nooruddin Thajuddin, Gangatharan Muralitharan
Trichodesmium is an enigmatic bloom forming, non-heterocystous cyanobacterium reported most frequently in the coastal waters of India. However, the toxigenic potential of this globally significant N2 fixing cyanobacterium has not been characterized. In this study, we report for the first time the presence of potent multi-class neurotoxins such as Anatoxin-a, Saxitoxins, Gonyautoxin and hepatotoxins like MC-LR, MC-YA from a bloom material of Trichodesmium sp. MBDU 524 collected at the Gulf of Mannar region. Toxins were determined using liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS) analysis of HPLC purified aqueous and solvent fractions...
June 9, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600876/rerouting-of-carbon-flux-in-a-glycogen-mutant-of-cyanobacteria-assessed-via-isotopically-non-stationary-13-c-metabolic-flux-analysis
#12
John I Hendry, Charulata Prasannan, Fangfang Ma, K Benedikt Möllers, Damini Jaiswal, Madhuri Digmurti, Doug K Allen, Niels-Ulrik Frigaard, Santanu Dasgupta, Pramod P Wangikar
Cyanobacteria, which constitute a quantitatively dominant phylum, have attracted attention in biofuel applications due to favorable physiological characteristics, high photosynthetic efficiency and amenability to genetic manipulations. However, quantitative aspects of cyanobacterial metabolism have received limited attention. In the present study, we have performed isotopically non-stationary (13) C metabolic flux analysis (INST-(13) C-MFA) to analyze rerouting of carbon in a glycogen synthase deficient mutant strain (glgA-I glgA-II) of the model cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp...
June 10, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595450/a-new-malyngamide-from-the-marine-cyanobacterium-moorea-producens
#13
Weina Jiang, Wei Zhou, Raymie Othman, Hajime Uchida, Ryuichi Watanabe, Toshiyuki Suzuki, Bryan Sakamoto, Hiroshi Nagai
A new malyngamide (1) was isolated along with seven known compounds (2-8) from the marine cyanobacterium Moorea producens collected in Hawaii. Compound 1 represented the first reported malyngamide with a hydroxy moiety at C-7 of the characteristic fatty acid portion of the compound. Compound 1 showed cytotoxicity against L1210 cell line at an IC50 value of 2.9 mM and lethal toxicity against the shrimp Palaemon paucidens at a LD100 value of 33.3 mg/kg. The bioactivity of compound 1 was approximately 10-100 times weaker than those of isomalyngamides A and B (3, 4)...
June 8, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593196/quantitative-proteomics-shows-extensive-remodeling-induced-by-nitrogen-limitation-in-prochlorococcusmarinus-ss120
#14
Maria Agustina Domínguez-Martín, Guadalupe Gómez-Baena, Jesús Díez, Maria José López-Grueso, Robert J Beynon, José Manuel García-Fernández
Prochlorococcus requires the capability to accommodate to environmental changes in order to proliferate in oligotrophic oceans, in particular regarding nitrogen availability. A precise knowledge of the composition and changes in the proteome can yield fundamental insights into such a response. Here we report a detailed proteome analysis of the important model cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus marinus SS120 after treatment with azaserine, an inhibitor of ferredoxin-dependent glutamate synthase (GOGAT), to simulate extreme nitrogen starvation...
May 2017: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593028/genomics-insights-into-production-of-2-methylisoborneol-and-a-putative-cyanobactin-by-planktothricoides-sp-sr001
#15
Shu Harn Te, Boon Fei Tan, Chek Yin Boo, Janelle Renee Thompson, Karina Yew-Hoong Gin
Planktothricoides is a free-living filamentous cyanobacterium belonging to the order Oscillatoriales and the family Phormidiaceae, capable of forming bloom in fresh and brackish waters. A unicyanobacterial non-axenic culture dominated by Planktothricoides sp. SR001 was obtained from a freshwater reservoir in Singapore. The draft genome presented here is the first tropical freshwater Planktothricoides sp. ever sequenced. The genome of 7.0Mbp contains 5,776 genes predicted using the JGI IMG pipeline. The whole genome sequence allows identification of genes encoding for nitrogen-fixation, accessory photosynthetic pigments and biosynthesis of an off-flavor compound, 2-methylisoborneol, which has been experimentally verified here based on metabolite detection...
2017: Standards in Genomic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592992/streamlining-recombination-mediated-genetic-engineering-by-validating-three-neutral-integration-sites-in-synechococcus-sp-pcc-7002
#16
Anne Ilse Maria Vogel, Rahmi Lale, Martin Frank Hohmann-Marriott
BACKGROUND: Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 (henceforth Synechococcus) is developing into a powerful synthetic biology chassis. In order to streamline the integration of genes into the Synechococcus chromosome, validation of neutral integration sites with optimization of the DNA transformation protocol parameters is necessary. Availability of BioBrick-compatible integration modules is desirable to further simplifying chromosomal integrations. RESULTS: We designed three BioBrick-compatible genetic modules, each targeting a separate neutral integration site, A2842, A0935, and A0159, with varying length of homologous region, spanning from 100 to 800 nt...
2017: Journal of Biological Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592683/molecular-basis-of-function-and-the-unusual-antioxidant-activity-of-a-cyanobacterial-cysteine-desulfurase
#17
Manisha Banerjee, Dhiman Chakravarty, Anand Ballal
Cysteine desulfurases, which supply sulfur for iron-sulfur cluster biogenesis, are broadly distributed in all phyla including cyanobacteria, the progenitors of plant chloroplasts. The SUF (sulfur utilization factor) system is responsible for Fe-S cluster biosynthesis under stress. The suf operon from cyanobacterium, Anabaena PCC 7120, showed the presence of a cysteine desulfurase, sufS ( alr2495 ) but not the accessory sulfur accepting protein (SufE). However, an ORF ( alr3513 ) encoding a SufE-like protein (termed as AsaE, Anabaena sulfur acceptor E) was found at a location distinct from the suf operon...
June 7, 2017: Biochemical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591663/an-application-of-cellular-organic-matter-to-coagulation-of-cyanobacterial-cells-merismopedia-tenuissima
#18
Magdalena Baresova, Martin Pivokonsky, Katerina Novotna, Jana Naceradska, Tomas Branyik
Algae affect the performance of drinking water treatment significantly when they decay and release considerable amounts of cellular organic matter (COM). The study describes the cyanobacterium Merismopedia tenuissima and its COM and investigates the effect of their simultaneous coagulation. As COM is highly complex mixture, we characterised it in terms of hydrophobicity, protein content and molecular weights (MWs). To describe the coagulation mechanisms and molecular interactions in the system, we determined both COM and cell surface charge by means of potentiometric titration and zeta potential analysis, respectively, and performed the jar tests with single components and their mixtures with and without a coagulant (ferric sulphate)...
May 31, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589456/zn-2-sequestration-by-nostoc-muscorum-study-of-thermodynamics-equilibrium-isotherms-and-biosorption-parameters-for-the-metal
#19
Omega L Diengdoh, Mayashree B Syiem, Kannan Pakshirajan, Amar N Rai
Microbial biosorption has evolved as an effective strategy for heavy metal removal from contaminated waters. The common cyanobacterium Nostoc muscorum isolated from the banks of a polluted river in Meghalaya, India, was tested for its potential to remove Zn(2+) from aqueous solutions. Energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) study verified Zn binding on the cyanobacterial biomass, and FTIR analysis revealed many negatively charged functional groups (hydroxyl, carbonyl, alcohol, amine, phosphoryl, sulfhydryl, and carboxyl) on the cell surface that aided in metal binding...
July 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585937/nitrogen-cost-minimization-is-promoted-by-structural-changes-in-the-transcriptome-of-n-deprived-prochlorococcus-cells
#20
Robert W Read, Paul M Berube, Steven J Biller, Iva Neveux, Andres Cubillos-Ruiz, Sallie W Chisholm, Joseph J Grzymski
Prochlorococcus is a globally abundant marine cyanobacterium with many adaptations that reduce cellular nutrient requirements, facilitating growth in its nutrient-poor environment. One such genomic adaptation is the preferential utilization of amino acids containing fewer N-atoms, which minimizes cellular nitrogen requirements. We predicted that transcriptional regulation might further reduce cellular N budgets during transient N limitation. To explore this, we compared transcription start sites (TSSs) in Prochlorococcus MED4 under N-deprived and N-replete conditions...
June 6, 2017: ISME Journal
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