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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224622/slc2a3-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-and-duplication-influence-cognitive-processing-and-population-specific-risk-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#1
Sören Merker, Andreas Reif, Georg C Ziegler, Heike Weber, Ute Mayer, Ann-Christine Ehlis, Annette Conzelmann, Stefan Johansson, Clemens Müller-Reible, Indrajit Nanda, Thomas Haaf, Reinhard Ullmann, Marcel Romanos, Andreas J Fallgatter, Paul Pauli, Tatyana Strekalova, Charline Jansch, Alejandro Arias Vasquez, Jan Haavik, Marta Ribasés, Josep Antoni Ramos-Quiroga, Jan K Buitelaar, Barbara Franke, Klaus-Peter Lesch
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common, highly heritable neurodevelopmental disorder with profound cognitive, behavioral, and psychosocial impairments with persistence across the life cycle. Our initial genome-wide screening approach for copy number variants (CNVs) in ADHD implicated a duplication of SLC2A3, encoding glucose transporter-3 (GLUT3). GLUT3 plays a critical role in cerebral glucose metabolism, providing energy for the activity of neurons, which, in turn, moderates the excitatory-inhibitory balance impacting both brain development and activity-dependent neural plasticity...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222735/advancing-gender-equality-through-the-athena-swan-charter-for-women-in-science-an-exploratory-study-of-women-s-and-men-s-perceptions
#2
Pavel V Ovseiko, Alison Chapple, Laurel D Edmunds, Sue Ziebland
BACKGROUND: While in the United Kingdom, Ireland, and Australia, higher education and research institutions are widely engaged with the Athena SWAN Charter for Women in Science to advance gender equality, empirical research on this process and its impact is rare. This study combined two data sets (free- text comments from a survey and qualitative interviews) to explore the range of experiences and perceptions of participation in Athena SWAN in medical science departments of a research-intensive university in Oxford, United Kingdom...
February 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212193/the-elusive-pursuit-of-work-life-balance
#3
Cindy Peternelj-Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211838/work-satisfaction-burnout-and-gender-based-inequalities-among-ophthalmologists-in-india-a-survey
#4
Akshay Gopinathan Nair, Pooja Jain, Aniruddha Agarwal, Vandana Jain
BACKGROUND: Ophthalmology is a rapidly evolving branch of medicine and advancing technology has raised the bar of patient expectations and outcomes. However, studies that assess physician stress and satisfaction especially in developing countries are limited in literature. OBJECTIVE: This index study aims at looking at the levels of job satisfaction, burnout and perception of gender disparity among ophthalmologists in India. METHODS: An Internet-based survey was sent out to ophthalmologists...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209702/primary-care-specialty-career-choice-among-canadian-medical-students-understanding-the-factors-that-influence-their-decisions
#5
Heather Ann Osborn, Jordan T Glicksman, Michael G Brandt, Philip C Doyle, Kevin Fung
OBJECTIVE: To identify which factors influence medical students' decision to choose a career in family medicine and pediatrics, and which factors influence their decision to choose careers in non-front-line specialties. DESIGN: Survey that was created based on a comprehensive literature review to determine which factors are considered important when choosing practice specialty. SETTING: Ontario medical school. PARTICIPANTS: An open cohort of medical students in the graduating classes of 2008 to 2011 (inclusive)...
February 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206847/vocation-belongingness-and-balance-a-qualitative-study-of-veterinary-student-well-being
#6
Jacqueline M Cardwell, Elisa G Lewis
An elevated risk for suicide among veterinarians has stimulated research into the mental health of the veterinary profession, and more recently attention has turned to the veterinary student population. This qualitative study sought to explore UK veterinary students' perceptions and experiences of university life, and to consider how these may affect well-being. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 students from a single UK school who were purposively selected to include perspectives from male, female, graduate-entry, standard-entry (straight from high school), and widening participation students across all 5 years of the program...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206841/stressors-and-protective-factors-among-veterinary-students-in-new-zealand
#7
Jenny F Weston, Dianne Gardner, Polly Yeung
A study was undertaken to investigate the stressors faced by veterinary students and the protective factors against those stressors. The study was conducted as a workshop during which students collaborated with their peers through an iterative process to identify personal and external factors that contributed to or protected against stress as a veterinary student, and then to suggest strategies that would protect their mental health and well-being. Workload and assessment were the most commonly reported stressors...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201830/-subjective-workload-job-satisfaction-and-work-life-balance-of-physicians-and-nurses-in-a-municipal-hospital-in-a-rural-area-compared-to-an-urban-university-hospital
#8
Michael Körber, Klaus Schmid, Hans Drexler, Johannes Kiesel
Medical and nursing shortages in rural areas represent a current serious public health problem. The healthcare of the rural population is at risk. This study compares perceived workload, job satisfaction and work-life balance of physicians and nurses at a clinic in a rural area with two clinics of a University hospital. Physicians and nurses were interviewed anonymously with a standardized questionnaire (paper and pencil), including questions on job satisfaction, subjective workload and work-life balance. The response rate was almost 50% in the University hospital as well as in the municipal hospital...
February 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198208/the-mother-s-perspective
#9
Cassie Rushing, Misti Sparks
A qualitative study was conducted to examine the decision-making factors of entering a stay-at-home father and working mother relationship based on the mother's perspective. A total of 20 married, heterosexual, working mothers with biological children aged 1 to 4 years were asked questions regarding how they decided to enter a stay-at-home father and working mother relationship as well as contributing factors to this decision. The findings presented in this article were part of a larger study that examined mothers' overall perspectives of the working mother stay-at-home father dynamics...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196096/evolution-of-scaling-behaviors-embedded-in-sentence-series-from-a-story-of-the-stone
#10
Yue Yang, Changgui Gu, Qin Xiao, Huijie Yang
The novel entitled A Story of the Stone provides us precise details of life and social structure of the 18th century China. Its writing lasted a long duration of about 10 years, in which the author's habit may change significantly. It had been published anonymously up to the beginning of the 20th century, which left a mystery of the author's attribution. In the present work we focus our attention on scaling behavior embedded in the sentence series from this novel, hope to find how the ideas are organized from single sentences to the whole text...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194230/what-are-the-personal-and-professional-characteristics-that-distinguish-the-researchers-who-publish-in-high-and-low-impact-journals-a-multi-national-web-based-survey
#11
Carlos Eduardo Paiva, Raphael L C Araujo, Bianca Sakamoto Ribeiro Paiva, Cristiano de Pádua Souza, Flavio Mavignier Cárcano, Marina Moreira Costa, Sérgio Vicente Serrano, João Paulo Nogueira Lima
PURPOSE: This study identifies the personal and professional profiles of researchers with a greater potential to publish high-impact academic articles. METHOD: The study involved conducting an international survey of journal authors using a web-based questionnaire. The survey examined personal characteristics, funding, and the perceived barriers of research quality, work-life balance, and satisfaction and motivation in relation to career. The processes of manuscript writing and journal publication were measured using an online questionnaire that was developed for this study...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186930/protective-factors-for-child-development-at-age-2-in-the-presence-of-poor-maternal-mental-health-results-from-the-all-our-babies-aob-pregnancy-cohort
#12
Sheila W McDonald, Heather L Kehler, Suzanne C Tough
OBJECTIVE: To identify the combination of factors most protective of developmental delay at age 2 among children exposed to poor maternal mental health. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Pregnant women were recruited from primary healthcare offices, the public health laboratory service and community posters in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 1596 mother-child dyads who participated in the All Our Babies study and who completed a follow-up questionnaire when their child was 2 years old...
November 10, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166899/predictors-of-musculoskeletal-discomfort-a-cross-cultural-comparison-between-malaysian-and-australian-office-workers
#13
Ismail Maakip, Tessa Keegel, Jodi Oakman
Prevalence and predictors associated with musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) vary considerably between countries. It is plausible that socio-cultural contexts may contribute to these differences. We conducted a cross-sectional survey with 1184 Malaysian and Australian office workers with the aim to examine predictors associated with MSD discomfort. The 6-month period prevalence of self-reported MSD discomfort for Malaysian office workers was 92.8% and 71.2% among Australian workers. In Malaysia, a model regressing level of musculoskeletal discomfort against possible risk factors was significant overall (F [6, 370] = 17...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162843/a-sociological-stance-on-fatigue-and-tiredness-social-inequalities-norms-and-representations
#14
Marc Loriol
Fatigue is complex, representing simultaneously a physiological, psychological and social phenomenon. The sociological approach attempts to understand the experience of fatigue and its characterization at diverse periods and in various social contexts. After giving a sociological history of different forms of fatigue through the ages (acedia, melancholy, neurasthenia, chronic fatigue syndrome, etc.), this article proposes a social epidemiology of fatigue in the current period. Objectification of working and living conditions allows us to illustrate social inequalities in fatigue and exhaustion, but seems to contradict dominant social representations of fatigue today...
February 2, 2017: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161013/functional-and-oncological-outcomes-following-awake-surgical-resection-using-intraoperative-cortico-subcortical-functional-mapping-for-supratentorial-gliomas-located-in-eloquent-areas
#15
J Pallud, E Dezamis
OBJECTIVE: Glioma survival correlated with the extent of resection and the functional status of the patient. We detailed functional results along with oncological results after a functional-based resection of gliomas located within eloquent regions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Single centre prospective series of adult patients with gliomas located within eloquent regions, treated with maximal resection according to functional boundaries using intraoperative cortico-subcortical monitoring under awake conditions, with available functional outcomes (language and cognitive assessments, neurological status, ability to work) and oncological outcomes (extent of surgical resection, survivals)...
February 1, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160889/is-there-a-shortage-of-obstetrician-gynecologists
#16
REVIEW
Jody Stonehocker, Joyce Muruthi, William F Rayburn
Projections of supply and demand for obstetricians-gynecologists suggest a current minimal or modest shortage that will worsen in the future. The US adult female population is expected to increase by more than 20% by 2045 and represents a key driver for increased demand for health care services. The annual number of obstetrician-gynecologists (ob-gyn) residency graduates has increased negligibly, whereas the proportion accepted into fellowships increased steadily, reducing those in general practice. The gradual increase in proportion of ob-gyns who are women coincides with desires for more work-life balance and earlier retirement from clinical practice...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132582/non-deployment-factors-affecting-psychological-wellbeing-in-military-personnel-literature-review
#17
Samantha K Brooks, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Most military mental health research focuses on the impact of deployment-related stress; less is known about how everyday work-related factors affect wellbeing. AIMS: This systematic narrative literature review aimed to identify non-deployment-related factors contributing to the wellbeing of military personnel. METHOD: Electronic literature databases were searched and the findings of relevant studies were used to explore non-deployment-related risk and resilience factors...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125538/striking-a-better-integration-of-work-and-life-challenges-and-solutions
#18
Jennifer E Cheesborough, Sylvia S Gray, Anureet K Bajaj
Plastic surgeons are a diverse group but share a drive for excellence and dedication to their patients and the advancement of the specialty. Long hours at work and the need to be on call have limited the time that many have to spend on activities outside of the workplace. Reconciliation of the demands of surgery and private life can at times seem impossible. A failure to achieve balance between work and home life is associated with reduced job and life satisfaction, impaired mental health, family conflict, and ultimately burnout...
February 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108728/balancing-parenthood-and-practice
#19
Carolyne Crowe
Women now account for 76 per cent of new veterinary undergraduate intakes and feminisation of the profession has long been a topic for discussion and debate. Many vets want greater commitment to family life and better work-life balance. Carolyne Crowe outlines some new information and online support that's available for all veterinary professionals.
January 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103853/effectiveness-of-aquatic-therapy-vs-land-based-therapy-for-balance-and-pain-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Sabela Rivas Neira, Amélia Pasqual Marques, Irene Pegito Pérez, Ramón Fernández Cervantes, Jamile Vivas Costa
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a disease with an increasing incidence. It impairs the quality of life of patients and decreases their functional capacity. Aquatic therapy has already been used for managing the symptoms of this syndrome. However, aquatic therapy has only recently been introduced as a treatment modality for improving proprioception in fibromyalgia. The main objective of this study is to determine the effectiveness of two physiotherapy protocols, one in and one out of water, for improving balance and decreasing pain in women with fibromyalgia...
January 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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