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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108728/balancing-parenthood-and-practice
#1
Carolyne Crowe
Women now account for 76 per cent of new veterinary undergraduate intakes and feminisation of the profession has long been a topic for discussion and debate. Many vets want greater commitment to family life and better work-life balance. Carolyne Crowe outlines some new information and online support that's available for all veterinary professionals.
January 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103853/effectiveness-of-aquatic-therapy-vs-land-based-therapy-for-balance-and-pain-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Sabela Rivas Neira, Amélia Pasqual Marques, Irene Pegito Pérez, Ramón Fernández Cervantes, Jamile Vivas Costa
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a disease with an increasing incidence. It impairs the quality of life of patients and decreases their functional capacity. Aquatic therapy has already been used for managing the symptoms of this syndrome. However, aquatic therapy has only recently been introduced as a treatment modality for improving proprioception in fibromyalgia. The main objective of this study is to determine the effectiveness of two physiotherapy protocols, one in and one out of water, for improving balance and decreasing pain in women with fibromyalgia...
January 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098478/the-work-family-interface-and-sleep-quality
#3
Christopher A Magee, Laura D Robinson, Alisha McGregor
OBJECTIVE: This article investigated whether work-to-family conflict (WFC) and work-to-family enrichment (WFE) were associated with employee sleep quality. WFC and WFE reflect the potential for experiences at work to negatively and positively influence nonworking life respectively, and may have implications for sleep quality. In this article, we examined whether WFC and WFE were linked with sleep quality via hedonic balance (i.e., positive affect relative to negative affect). PARTICIPANTS: The sample included 3,170 employed Australian parents involved in the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey...
January 18, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095838/communication-with-families-regarding-organ-and-tissue-donation-after-death-in-intensive-care-comfort-protocol-for-an-intervention-study
#4
Julie E Potter, Robert G Herkes, Lin Perry, Rosalind M Elliott, Anders Aneman, Jorge L Brieva, Elena Cavazzoni, Andrew T H Cheng, Michael J O'Leary, Ian M Seppelt, Val Gebski
BACKGROUND: Discussing deceased organ donation can be difficult not only for families but for health professionals who initiate and manage the conversations. It is well recognised that the methods of communication and communication skills of health professionals are key influences on decisions made by families regarding organ donation. METHODS: This multicentre study is being performed in nine intensive care units with follow-up conducted by the Organ and Tissue Donation Service in New South Wales (NSW) Australia...
January 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090336/medical-feminism-working-mothers-and-the-limits-of-home-finding-a-balance-between-self-care-and-other-care-in-cross-cultural-debates-about-health-and-lifestyle-1952-1956
#5
Frederick Cooper
Post-war medical debates about the psychiatric consequences of married women's economic behaviour witnessed far more divergence and collision between perspectives than has often been acknowledged. Practitioners who approached women primarily as facilitators of family health-as wives and mothers-were mistrustful of the competing demands presented by paid employment. They were faced by a growing spectrum of opinion, however, which represented women as atrophying in the confines of domestic life, and which positioned work as a therapeutic act...
July 12, 2016: Palgrave Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073351/exploring-neurodevelopmental-outcome-measures-used-in-children-with-cerebral-malaria-the-perspectives-of-caregivers-and-health-workers-in-malawi
#6
Emmie W Mbale, Terrie Taylor, Bernard Brabin, Macpherson Mallewa, Melissa Gladstone
BACKGROUND: Progress has been made in tackling malaria however there are still over 207 million cases worldwide, the majority in children. As survival rates improve, numbers of children with long-term neurodisabling sequelae are likely to increase. Most outcome studies in cerebral malaria (CM) have focused only on body function and structure and less on outcomes within the broader framework of the International Classification of Functioning and Disability (ICF). The aim of this study was to utilise qualitative methods to identify relevant clinical outcomes in CM to support formulation of a core outcome set relevant to CM and other acquired brain injuries for use in future clinical trials...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070278/entanglement-is-a-costly-life-history-stage-in-large-whales
#7
Julie van der Hoop, Peter Corkeron, Michael Moore
Individuals store energy to balance deficits in natural cycles; however, unnatural events can also lead to unbalanced energy budgets. Entanglement in fishing gear is one example of an unnatural but relatively common circumstance that imposes energetic demands of a similar order of magnitude and duration of life-history events such as migration and pregnancy in large whales. We present two complementary bioenergetic approaches to estimate the energy associated with entanglement in North Atlantic right whales, and compare these estimates to the natural energetic life history of individual whales...
January 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068830/work-life-balance-and-welfare
#8
Lois Evans, Greg Young
OBJECTIVES: An online survey and focus groups were conducted, providing qualitative information on the work-life balance of psychiatrists and trainees in Australasia. METHODS: An invitation to participate in an anonymous online welfare survey was emailed to all the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists trainees, Fellows, and Affiliates. Following this, nine focus groups were held across Australia and New Zealand. RESULTS: Responses received were thematically analysed...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053011/dismantling-the-silence-lgbtq-aging-emerging-from-the-margins
#9
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
Historical, environmental, and cultural contexts intersect with aging, sexuality, and gender across communities and generations. My scholarship investigates health and well-being over the life course across marginalized communities, including LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer) midlife and older adults, native communities experiencing cardiovascular risk, and families in China living with HIV, in order to balance the realities of unique lives in contemporary society. By probing the intersection of age, sexuality, and gender, my analysis is informed by both personal and professional experiences...
January 3, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049675/the-embedded-counseling-model-an-application-to-dental-students
#10
David Francis Adams
Prior research has suggested that dental students experience high rates of stress, anxiety, and mood concerns, which have been linked to poor academic performance, health concerns, and substance abuse. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an embedded counseling office at the University of Iowa College of Dentistry & Dental Clinics in its first three academic semesters. Data were gathered from students attending appointments, and two inventories were used to monitor students' counseling progress and gather psychological outcomes data: the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-34 (CCAPS-34) and the Outcome Rating Scale (ORS)...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008006/the-associations-between-work-life-balance-behaviours-teamwork-climate-and-safety-climate-cross-sectional-survey-introducing-the-work-life-climate-scale-psychometric-properties-benchmarking-data-and-future-directions
#11
J Bryan Sexton, Stephanie P Schwartz, Whitney A Chadwick, Kyle J Rehder, Jonathan Bae, Joanna Bokovoy, Keith Doram, Wayne Sotile, Kathryn C Adair, Jochen Profit
BACKGROUND: Improving the resiliency of healthcare workers is a national imperative, driven in part by healthcare workers having minimal exposure to the skills and culture to achieve work-life balance (WLB). Regardless of current policies, healthcare workers feel compelled to work more and take less time to recover from work. Satisfaction with WLB has been measured, as has work-life conflict, but how frequently healthcare workers engage in specific WLB behaviours is rarely assessed. Measurement of behaviours may have advantages over measurement of perceptions; behaviours more accurately reflect WLB and can be targeted by leaders for improvement...
December 22, 2016: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005822/osteodistraction-with-dental-implant-borne-devices-for-bone-regeneration-in-atrophied-premaxilla
#12
Francesco Carlino, Gian Piero Villani, Andrea Berti, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Antonio Cortese, Pier Paolo Claudio
Aim of this work is to present the evolution of an innovative technique for tooth/implant supported bone distraction, leading to proper oral rehabilitation in patients with atrophic alveolar bone, even when a complete premaxilla expansion is needed, or in patients in whom implants were already present, but inserted in wrong position.Distraction osteogenesis was selected because of its moderate invasiveness, the few surgical steps needed, and the proper cost/benefits balance. This procedure is particularly suited for young patients with remarkable aesthetic demands related to active social and working life, as for elderly patients expecting lower surgical stress and risks...
November 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002183/relationship-between-time-to-initiation-of-antiretroviral-therapy-and-treatment-outcomes-a-cohort-analysis-of-art-eligible-adolescents-in-zimbabwe
#13
Florian Vogt, Andrea M Rehman, Katharina Kranzer, Mary Nyathi, Johan Van Griensven, Mark Dixon, Wedu Ndebele, Hilary Gunguwo, Robert Colebunders, Mbongeni Ndlovu, Tsitsi Apollo, Rashida A Ferrand
BACKGROUND: Age-specific retention challenges make ART initiation in adolescents difficult, often requiring a lengthy preparation process. This needs to be balanced against the benefits of starting treatment quickly. The optimal time to initiation duration in adolescents is currently unknown. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of time to ART initiation on mortality and loss to follow-up (LTFU) among treatment eligible adolescents. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis among 1,499 ART eligible adolescents aged ≥10 to <19 years registered in a public sector HIV programme in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe between 2004 and 2011...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001183/quality-of-life-in-hemodialysis-patients-and-the-relationship-with-mortality-hospitalizations-and-poor-treatment-adherence
#14
Araiê Prado Berger Oliveira, Debora Berger Schmidt, Thaís Malucelli Amatneeks, Jéssica Caroline Dos Santos, Luiza Helena Raittz Cavallet, Renate Brigitte Michel
INTRODUCTION: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) causes sudden changes in the daily lives of patients, creates limitations to perform activities of daily life and creates a great impact on emotions and quality of life (QOL) of patients. OBJECTIVE: To understand the relationship between QOL of patients on dialysis and mortality rates, hospitalization and absences. METHODS: A prospective descriptive study with 286 patients on hemodialysis, by applying demographic questionnaire, KDQOL SF-36 and electronic medical record analysis Dialsist...
December 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987322/concept-analysis-lack-of-anonymity
#15
Marilyn A Swan, Barbara Hobbs
AIM: To re-examine and expand understanding of the concept, lack of anonymity as a component of rural nursing theory. BACKGROUND: Early healthcare literature reports lack of anonymity as part of social and working environments, particularly rural nursing. Rural nursing theory included the first published concept analysis on lack of anonymity but lacked empirical referents. Workforce, societal and rural healthcare changes support an updated analysis. To further understand lack of anonymity, its present day use and applicability to diverse environments, research from multiple disciplines was reviewed...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977302/organizational-infrastructure-in-the-collegiate-athletic-training-setting-part-iii-benefits-of-and-barriers-in-the-medical-and-academic-models
#16
Christianne M Eason, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Ashley Goodman
CONTEXT:  Academic and medical models are emerging as alternatives to the athletics model, which is the more predominant model in the collegiate athletic training setting. Little is known about athletic trainers' (ATs') perceptions of these models. OBJECTIVE:  To investigate the perceived benefits of and barriers in the medical and academic models. DESIGN:  Qualitative study. SETTING:  National Collegiate Athletic Association Divisions I, II, and III...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923925/biliary-secretion-of-quasi-enveloped-human-hepatitis-a-virus
#17
Asuka Hirai-Yuki, Lucinda Hensley, Jason K Whitmire, Stanley M Lemon
: Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is an unusual picornavirus that is released from cells cloaked in host-derived membranes. These quasi-enveloped virions (eHAV) are the only particle type circulating in blood during infection, whereas only nonenveloped virions are shed in feces. The reason for this is uncertain. Hepatocytes, the only cell type known to support HAV replication in vivo, are highly polarized epithelial cells with basolateral membranes facing onto hepatic (blood) sinusoids and apical membranes abutting biliary canaliculi from which bile is secreted to the gut...
December 6, 2016: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922852/hiv-associated-changes-in-the-enteric-microbial-community-potential-role-in-loss-of-homeostasis-and-development-of-systemic-inflammation
#18
David B Gootenberg, Jeffrey M Paer, Jesus-Mario Luevano, Douglas S Kwon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite HIV therapy advances, average life expectancy in HIV-infected individuals on effective treatment is significantly decreased relative to uninfected persons, largely because of increased incidence of inflammation-related diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and renal dysfunction. The enteric microbial community could potentially cause this inflammation, as HIV-driven destruction of gastrointestinal CD4 T cells may disturb the microbiota-mucosal immune system balance, disrupting the stable gut microbiome and leading to further deleterious host outcomes...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920031/what-are-we-doing-a-survey-of-united-states-nephrology-fellowship-program-directors
#19
Scott E Liebman, Catherine A Moore, Rebeca D Monk, Mahrukh S Rizvi
Interest in nephrology has been declining in recent years. Long work hours and a poor work/life balance may be partially responsible, and may also affect a fellowship's educational mission. We surveyed nephrology program directors using a web-based survey in order to define current clinical and educational practice patterns and identify areas for improvement. Our survey explored fellowship program demographics, fellows' workload, call structure, and education. Program directors were asked to estimate the average and maximum number of patients on each of their inpatient services, the number of patients seen by fellows in clinic, and to provide details regarding their overnight and weekend call...
December 5, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913563/-you-can-t-be-a-person-and-a-doctor-the-work-life-balance-of-doctors-in-training-a-qualitative-study
#20
Antonia Rich, Rowena Viney, Sarah Needleman, Ann Griffin, Katherine Woolf
OBJECTIVES: Investigate the work-life balance of doctors in training in the UK from the perspectives of trainers and trainees. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured focus groups and interviews with trainees and trainers. SETTING: Postgraduate medical training in London, Yorkshire and Humber, Kent, Surrey and Sussex, and Wales during the junior doctor contract dispute at the end of 2015. Part of a larger General Medical Council study about the fairness of postgraduate medical training...
December 2, 2016: BMJ Open
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