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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888178/perceived-causes-of-differential-attainment-in-uk-postgraduate-medical-training-a-national-qualitative-study
#1
Katherine Woolf, Antonia Rich, Rowena Viney, Sarah Needleman, Ann Griffin
OBJECTIVES: Explore trainee doctors' experiences of postgraduate training and perceptions of fairness in relation to ethnicity and country of primary medical qualification. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured focus group and interview study. SETTING: Postgraduate training in England (London, Yorkshire and Humber, Kent Surrey and Sussex) and Wales. PARTICIPANTS: 137 participants (96 trainees, 41 trainers) were purposively sampled from a framework comprising: doctors from all stages of training in general practice, medicine, obstetrics and gynaecology, psychiatry, radiology, surgery or foundation, in 4 geographical areas, from white and black and minority ethnic (BME) backgrounds, who qualified in the UK and abroad...
November 25, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884132/healthy-and-productive-workers-using-intervention-mapping-to-design-a-workplace-health-promotion-and-wellness-program-to-improve-presenteeism
#2
Carlo Ammendolia, Pierre Côté, Carol Cancelliere, J David Cassidy, Jan Hartvigsen, Eleanor Boyle, Sophie Soklaridis, Paula Stern, Benjamin Amick
BACKGROUND: Presenteeism is a growing problem in developed countries mostly due to an aging workforce. The economic costs related to presenteeism exceed those of absenteeism and employer health costs. Employers are implementing workplace health promotion and wellness programs to improve health among workers and reduce presenteeism. How best to design, integrate and deliver these programs are unknown. The main purpose of this study was to use an intervention mapping approach to develop a workplace health promotion and wellness program aimed at reducing presenteeism...
November 25, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874297/organizational-infrastructure-in-the-collegiate-athletic-training-setting-part-i-quality-of-life-comparisons-and-commonalities-among-the-models
#3
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason, Ashley Goodman
CONTEXT:  Some anecdotal evidence has suggested that organizational infrastructure may affect the quality of life of athletic trainers (ATs). OBJECTIVE:  To compare ATs' perspectives on work-life balance, role strain, job satisfaction, and retention in collegiate practice settings within the various models. DESIGN:  Cross-sectional and qualitative study. SETTING:  National Collegiate Athletic Association Divisions I, II, and III...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869335/australia-s-rural-medical-workforce-supply-from-its-medical-schools-against-career-stage-gender-and-rural-origin
#4
Matthew R McGrail, Deborah J Russell
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the association between career stage and rural medical workforce supply among Australian-trained medical graduates. DESIGN AND SETTING: Descriptive analysis using the national Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life (MABEL) longitudinal study. PARTICIPANTS: Australian-trained GPs and other specialists who participated in the MABEL study, 2008-2013. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Proportions of GPs and specialists working in rural locations, according to career stage (establishing, early, mid and late), gender and childhood-origin type (rural versus metropolitan)...
November 21, 2016: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854424/multigenerational-challenges-team-building-for-positive-clinical-workforce-outcomes
#5
Jill M Moore, Marcee Everly, Renee Bauer
Patient acuity in hospital settings continues to increase, and there is greater emphasis on patient outcomes. The current nursing workforce is comprised of four distinct generational cohorts that include veterans, baby boomers, millennials, and generation Xers. Each group has unique characteristics that add complexity to the workforce and this can add challenges to providing optimal patient care. Team building is one strategy to increase mutual understanding, communication, and respect, and thus potentially improve patient outcomes...
May 31, 2016: Online Journal of Issues in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829461/gender-difference-in-preference-of-specialty-as-a-career-choice-among-japanese-medical-students
#6
Ryuichi Kawamoto, Daisuke Ninomiya, Yoshihisa Kasai, Tomo Kusunoki, Nobuyuki Ohtsuka, Teru Kumagi, Masanori Abe
BACKGROUND: In Japan, the absolute deficiency of doctors and maldistribution of doctors by specialty is a significant problem in the Japanese health care system. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors contributing to specialty preference in career choice among Japanese medical students. METHODS: A total of 368 medical students completed the survey giving an 88.2 % response rate. The subjects comprised 141 women aged 21 ± 3 (range, 18-34) years and 227 men aged 22 ± 4 (range, 18-44) years...
November 10, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818453/female-non-regular-workers-in-japan-their-current-status-and-health
#7
Mariko Inoue, Mariko Nishikitani, Shinobu Tsurugano
The participation of women in the Japanese labor force is characterized by its M-shaped curve, which reflects decreased employment rates during child-rearing years. Although, this M-shaped curve is now improving, the majority of women in employment are likely to fall into the category of non-regular workers.Based on a review of the previous Japanese studies of the health of non-regular workers, we found that non-regular female workers experienced greater psychological distress, poorer self-rated health, a higher smoking rate, and less access to preventive medicine than regular workers did...
November 3, 2016: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815111/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-spanish-language-version-of-the-sarc-f-to-assess-sarcopenia-in-mexican-community-dwelling-older-adults
#8
Lorena Parra-Rodríguez, Claudia Szlejf, Ana Isabel García-González, Theodore K Malmstrom, Esteban Cruz-Arenas, Oscar Rosas-Carrasco
OBJECTIVES: To cross-culturally adapt and validate the Spanish-language version of the SARC-F in Mexican community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of a prospective cohort. SETTING: The FraDySMex study, a 2-round evaluation of community-dwelling adults from 2 municipalities in Mexico City. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 487 men and women older than 60 years, living in the designated area in Mexico City...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814320/work-life-balance-does-age-matter
#9
Anita Richert-Kaźmierska, Katarzyna Stankiewicz
BACKGROUND: Work-life balance is a priority of EU policies but at the same time demographic change affects the labour market. Employers have to deal with the ageing of their employees and adjust human resource management to maintain their competitiveness. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the article is to answer research questions: whether the age of workers determines their assessment of the work-life balance, and whether there is a relationship between the worker's age and their assessment of the activities undertaken by their employer to provide them with work-life balance...
October 31, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810889/factors-influencing-improved-attendance-in-the-uk-fire-service
#10
I Litchfield, P Hinckley
BACKGROUND: Sickness absence rates in the UK continue to exceed those in much of the developed world, with an annual cost to employers of £29 billion. Rates of sickness absence in the public sector are higher than those in the private sector, with the exception of the fire service where they are consistently lower. AIMS: To understand the influences that increase attendance among operational firefighters. METHODS: A series of semi-structured interviews undertaken with operational staff to explore their attitudes to sickness absence...
November 3, 2016: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805879/a-qualitative-study-of-work-life-balance-amongst-specialist-orthodontists-in-the-united-kingdom
#11
Philip Benson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798036/factors-that-influence-career-progression-among-postdoctoral-clinical-academics-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#12
Veronica Ranieri, Helen Barratt, Naomi Fulop, Geraint Rees
BACKGROUND: The future of academic medicine is uncertain. Concerns regarding the future availability of qualified and willing trainee clinical academics have been raised worldwide. Of significant concern is our failure to retain postdoctoral trainee clinical academics, who are likely to be our next generation of leaders in scientific discovery. OBJECTIVES: To review the literature about factors that may influence postdoctoral career progression in early career clinical academics...
October 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794705/why-female-junior-doctors-don-t-want-to-be-surgeons
#13
(no author information available yet)
Female junior doctors have said work-life balance stops them choosing careers in surgery.
September 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777611/what-inhibits-working-women-with-mental-disorders-from-returning-to-their-workplace-a-study-of-systematic-re-employment-support-in-a-medical-institution
#14
Karin Hayashi, Yoichi Taira, Takamitsu Maeda, Yumie Matsuda, Yuki Kato, Kozue Hashi, Nobuo Kuroki, Shuichi Katsuragawa
BACKGROUND: It has been customary for working women in Japan to retire when they marry and to devote themselves to household work as well as having children. However, according to a report published by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications in 2013, the number of working women has increased consistently. As more women are advancing into society, they have more options with respect to lifestyle but may encounter new psychological burdens. Therefore, we reviewed trends among participants in a re-work day care program (hereinafter referred to as "re-work program") to clarify various problems encountered by working women and the prevalence of mental disorders...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770801/balance-chiropractic-therapy-for-cervical-spondylotic-radiculopathy-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Feng Yang, Wen-Xiong Li, Zhu Liu, Li Liu
BACKGROUND: Cervical spondylosis is a very common disorder and cervical spondylotic radiculopathy (CSR) is the most common form of spinal degenerative disease. Its clinical manifestations focus on pain and numbness of the neck and arm as well as restricted movement of the neck, which greatly affect the patient's life and work. The orthopedic of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory holds that the basic pathologic change in spinal degenerative diseases is the imbalance between the dynamic system and the static system of the cervical spine...
October 22, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761733/part-time-employment-of-gynecologists-and-obstetricians-a-sub-group-analysis-of-a-germany-wide-survey-of-residents
#16
Sarah Schott, Johannes Lermann, Sabine Eismann, Johannes Neimann, Julia Knabl
BACKGROUND: Combining family and career is increasingly taken for granted in many fields. However, the medical profession in Germany has inadequately developed structures. Little is known regarding the satisfaction of physicians working part-time (PT). METHODS: This Germany-wide on-line survey collected information on the working situation of PT employees (PTE) in gynecology. An anonymous questionnaire with 95 items, nine of which concerned PT work, was sent to 2770 residents and physicians undergoing further specialist training...
October 19, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755412/osteodistraction-with-dental-implant-borne-devices-for-bone-regeneration-in-atrophied-premaxilla
#17
Francesco Carlino, Gian Piero Villani, Andrea Berti, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Antonio Cortese, Pier Paolo Claudio
Aim of this work is to present the evolution of an innovative technique for tooth/implant supported bone distraction, leading to proper oral rehabilitation in patients with atrophic alveolar bone, even when a complete premaxilla expansion is needed, or in patients in whom implants were already present, but inserted in wrong position.Distraction osteogenesis was selected because of its moderate invasiveness, the few surgical steps needed, and the proper cost/benefits balance. This procedure is particularly suited for young patients with remarkable aesthetic demands related to active social and working life, as for elderly patients expecting lower surgical stress and risks...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752601/sense-of-meaning-as-a-predictor-of-burnout-in-emergency-physicians-in-israel-a-national-survey
#18
Shulamit Ben-Itzhak, Jonathan Dvash, Maya Maor, Noa Rosenberg, Pinchas Halpern
OBJECTIVE: Burnout is common in physicians and particularly acute in emergency physicians. Physician burnout may adversely affect physicians' lives and the quality of care they provide, but much remains unknown about its main contributing factors. The present study evaluated burnout rates and contributing factors in emergency physicians in Israel, specifically focusing on the role of a sense of meaning, which has received little attention in the literature concerning burnout in emergency physicians...
December 2015: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748208/a-survey-of-how-and-why-medical-students-and-junior-doctors-choose-a-career-in-ent-surgery
#19
M Bhutta, R Mandavia, I Syed, A Qureshi, R Hettige, B Y W Wong, S Saeed, J Cartledge
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain determinants of an interest in a career in ENT surgery through a survey of medical students and junior doctors. METHODS: A survey was administered, comprising Likert scales, forced response and single option questions, and free text responses, at five different courses or events for those interested in a career in ENT. RESULTS: The survey had an 87 per cent response rate; respondents consisted of 43 applicants for national selection, 15 foundation doctors and 23 medical students...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738944/microencapsulation-of-bacterial-cells-by-emulsion-technique-for-probiotic-application
#20
Surajit Mandal, Subrota Hati
Probiotics are dietary concepts to improve the dynamics of intestinal microbial balance favorably. Careful screening of probiotic strains for their technological suitability can also allow selection of strains with the best manufacturing and food technology characteristics. However, even the most robust probiotic bacteria are currently in the range of food applications to which they can be applied. Additionally, bacteria with exceptional functional heath properties are ruled out due to technological limitations...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
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