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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719565/burnout-in-orthopaedic-surgeons-a-challenge-for-leaders-learners-and-colleagues-aoa-critical-issues
#1
S Elizabeth Ames, James B Cowan, Keith Kenter, Sanford Emery, David Halsey
Burnout, depression, suicidal ideation, and dissatisfaction with work-life balance have been reported in all medical specialties and at all stages of medical education and practice experience. Burnout consists of progressive emotional, attitudinal, and physical exhaustion. Physicians with burnout may treat patients as objects and feel emotionally depleted. Burnout is characterized by a loss of enthusiasm for work (emotional exhaustion), feelings of cynicism (depersonalization), and a low sense of personal accomplishment...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719105/screening-for-hazardous-drinking-in-nursing-home-residents-evaluating-the-validity-of-the-current-cut-offs-of-the-alcohol-use-disorder-identification-test-consumption-questions-audit-c-by-using-ethyl-glucuronide-in-hair-hetg
#2
Monika Dreher-Weber, Anton-Rupert Laireiter, Anton Kühberger, Isabella Kunz, Michel Yegles, Tina Binz, Hans-Jürgen Rumpf, Rainer Hoffmann, Verena Schmidt, Siegfried Lang, Friedrich M Wurst
BACKGROUND: Because of physiological changes, elderly people are much more exposed to the adverse effects of alcohol. Therefore, hazardous drinking is defined at lower levels as compared to younger adults. This work aims to evaluate the validity of the current cut off levels of the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test - Consumption questions (AUDIT-C) to detect hazardous drinking in the elderly by using ethyl glucuronide in hair (HEtG). METHODS: In a border region between Austria and Germany, 344 nursing home residents were included from 33 of the 107 nursing homes...
July 18, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716506/how-to-prevent-burnout-in-cardiologists-a-review-of-the-current-evidence-gaps-and-future-directions
#3
REVIEW
Maria Panagioti, Keith Geraghty, Judith Johnson
Burnout is rising in all physicians, and cardiologists are not an exemption. Cardiology is a very popular specialty among medical students as it is associated with outstanding training standards and high prestige and income. In this review, we critically summarize the evidence on consequences, causes, and evidence-based interventions for burnout with a view toward recommending the best strategies for promoting wellness in cardiologists. Only a handful of studies have examined burnout specifically in cardiologists...
July 4, 2017: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715062/gestational-weight-gain-historical-evolution-of-a-contested-health-outcome
#4
Edmond D Shenassa, Celena Kinsey, Marian Moser Jones, Jenifer Fahey
The history of research on gestational weight gain (GWG) in the United States and United Kingdom provides a context for current clinical practice. We trace the evolution of research on GWG in scientific literature from the 19th century to the present and examine its implications for contemporary clinical and public health practice. Obstetricians, beginning in the late 1800s, recommended dieting during pregnancy in order to limit GWG to 20 lb or less, driven by a belief that excessive weight gain was a cause of toxemia...
July 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713300/new-technologies-smart-or-harm-work-family-boundaries-management-gender-differences-in-conflict-and-enrichment-using-the-jd-r-theory
#5
Chiara Ghislieri, Federica Emanuel, Monica Molino, Claudio G Cortese, Lara Colombo
Background: The relationship between technology-assisted supplemental work and well-being outcomes is a recent issue in scientific literature. Whether the use of technology for work purpose in off-work time may have a positive or negative impact on work-family balance remains an open question and the role of gender in this relationship is poorly understood. Aim: According to the JD-R theory, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between off-work hours technology assisted job demand (off-TAJD) and both work-family conflict (WFC) and work-family enrichment (WFE)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697882/the-emotional-and-professional-wellbeing-of-australian-midwives-a-comparison-between-those-providing-continuity-of-midwifery-care-and-those-not-providing-continuity
#6
Jennifer Fenwick, Mary Sidebotham, Jenny Gamble, Debra K Creedy
BACKGROUND: Continuity of midwifery care contributes to significant positive outcomes for women and babies. There is a perception that providing continuity of care may negatively impact on the wellbeing and professional lives of midwives. AIM: To compare the emotional and professional wellbeing as well as satisfaction with time off and work-life balance of midwives providing continuity of care with midwives not providing continuity. METHOD: Online survey...
July 8, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695647/experiences-of-participating-in-return-to-work-group-programmes-for-people-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-focus-group-study
#7
Bente Hamnes, Aud Rønningen, Åse Skarbø
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to explore the experiences of individuals with musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) who had participated in return-to-work group programmes (RTW-GPs) and to assess whether the programmes had had an impact on their work disability. METHOD: Three focus group interviews and one individual interview were conducted involving 17 women (mean age = 47) with MSDs who had completed RTW-GPs. All interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using thematic analyses...
July 11, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688662/improving-resident-well-being-and-clinical-learning-environment-through-academic-initiatives
#8
Nathaniel Lee, Nital Appelbaum, Michael Amendola, Kelley Dodson, Brian Kaplan
BACKGROUND: Organizational effects on job satisfaction, burnout, work-life balance, and perceived support have not been studied in the context of the clinical learning environment. We evaluated the relationship between academic resources and resident well-being, the clinical learning environment, and in-service examination performance of surgical residents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Residents of general surgery and surgical specialty programs were recruited from March 2016 through June 2016 across the Southeast, Mid-Atlantic, and Northeast regions...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688526/perceptions-of-academic-administrators-of-the-effect-of-involvement-in-doctoral-programs-on-faculty-members-research-and-work-life-balance
#9
Suzanne C Smeltzer, Nancy C Sharts-Hopko, Mary Ann Cantrell, Mary Ann Heverly, Nancy Wise, Amanda Jenkinson
BACKGROUND: Support for research strongly predicts doctoral program faculty members' research productivity. Although academic administrators affect such support, their views of faculty members' use of support are unknown. PURPOSE: We examined academic administrators' perceptions of institutional support and their perceptions of the effects of teaching doctoral students on faculty members' scholarship productivity and work-life balance. METHODS: An online survey was completed by a random sample of 180 deans/directors of schools of nursing and doctoral programs directors...
May 10, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686213/a-study-of-vicon-system-positioning-performance
#10
Pierre Merriaux, Yohan Dupuis, Rémi Boutteau, Pascal Vasseur, Xavier Savatier
Motion capture setups are used in numerous fields. Studies based on motion capture data can be found in biomechanical, sport or animal science. Clinical science studies include gait analysis as well as balance, posture and motor control. Robotic applications encompass object tracking. Today's life applications includes entertainment or augmented reality. Still, few studies investigate the positioning performance of motion capture setups. In this paper, we study the positioning performance of one player in the optoelectronic motion capture based on markers: Vicon system...
July 7, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684806/career-satisfaction-and-work-life-balance-of-specialist-orthodontists-within-the-uk-roi
#11
S M Al-Junaid, S J Hodges, A Petrie, S J Cunningham
Objectives To investigate factors affecting career satisfaction and work-life balance in specialist orthodontists in the UK/ROI.Design and setting Prospective questionnaire-based study.Subjects and methods The questionnaire was sent to specialist orthodontists who were members of the British Orthodontic Society.Results Orthodontists reported high levels of career satisfaction (median score 90/100). Career satisfaction was significantly higher in those who exhibited: i) satisfaction with working hours; ii) satisfaction with the level of control over their working day; iii) ability to manage unexpected home events; and iv) confidence in how readily they managed patient expectations...
July 7, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667180/burnout-career-satisfaction-and-well-being-among-us-neurology-residents-and-fellows-in-2016
#12
Kerry H Levin, Tait D Shanafelt, Christopher M Keran, Neil A Busis, Laura A Foster, Jennifer Rose V Molano, Cormac A O'Donovan, Jeffrey B Ratliff, Heidi B Schwarz, Jeff A Sloan, Terrence L Cascino
OBJECTIVE: To study prevalence of and factors contributing to burnout, career satisfaction, and well-being in US neurology residents and fellows. METHODS: A total of 938 US American Academy of Neurology member neurology residents and fellows were surveyed using standardized measures of burnout, career satisfaction, and well-being from January 19 to March 21, 2016. RESULTS: Response rate was 37.7% (354/938); about 2/3 of responders were residents and 1/3 were fellows...
June 30, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659831/stress-and-burnout-in-health-care-workers-after-the-2009-l-aquila-earthquake-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#13
Antonella Mattei, Fabiana Fiasca, Mariachiara Mazzei, Stefano Necozione, Valeria Bianchini
Burnout is a work-related mental health impairment, which is now recognized as a real problem in the context of the helping professions due to its adverse health outcomes on efficiency. To our knowledge, the literature on the postdisaster scenario in Italy is limited by a focus on mental health professionals rather than other health-care workers. Our cross-sectional study aims to evaluate the prevalence of burnout and psychopathological distress in different categories of health-care workers, i.e., physicians, nurses, and health-care assistants, working in different departments of L'Aquila St...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657485/factors-associated-with-veterinary-clinical-faculty-attrition
#14
Martin Furr
Faculty attrition and recruitment for veterinary clinical faculty positions have been reported as significant problems in veterinary medical education. To investigate the factors that may be important in veterinary clinical faculty retention, the perceptions and views of veterinary clinical academic faculty were determined using a web-distributed electronic survey. Responses were dichotomized by whether the respondent had or had not left an academic position and were analyzed for their association with faculty attrition...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654533/why-i-don-t-want-a-work-life-balance
#15
Hanna M Saltzman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644486/use-of-work-life-balance-benefits-guaranteed-by-law-in-poland-do-size-of-the-enterprise-and-gender-matter
#16
Dorota Merecz-Kot, Marcin Drabek, Aleksander Stańczak, Aleksandra Andysz, Aleksandra Jacukowicz
BACKGROUND: The paper is aimed at indicating the similarities and differences in use of benefits supporting work-life balance (WLB) between women and men working in Polish small/medium and large enterprises. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample included 556 workers (311 women, 245 men), aged 20-68 years old employed on the basis of employment contracts for at least a year in Polish enterprises. The respondents completed a questionnaire on the use of benefits guaranteed by the Polish Labour Code, referring to their current workplaces...
June 22, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639482/-always-looking-for-a-new-balance-toward-an-understanding-of-what-it-takes-to-continue-working-while-being-diagnosed-with-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Hanneke van der Meide, Dennis van Gorp, Karin van der Hiele, Leo Visser
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to gain insight into the meaning of work in the everyday lives of people with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, and the barriers and facilitators to staying in work. METHODS: Nineteen employed adults diagnosed with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis participated in narrative interviews. All interviews were transcribed and coded for thematic analysis. RESULTS: For people with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, continuing to work was a precarious balancing act...
June 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633376/keeping-things-in-balance-family-experiences-of-living-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#18
Nuria Esandi, Mike Nolan, Cristina Alfaro, Ana Canga-Armayor
Background and Objectives: Historically, research, practice, and policy on Alzheimer's family care has been largely focused on dyadic relationships and the experience of burden and stress, often failing to capture the complex caring dynamics as they unfold over time. This study sought to develop a more nuanced understanding of how people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and their families are affected by the disease and how they respond to the challenges AD poses. Research Design and Methods: Using constructivist grounded theory, the study explored the experiences of living with AD for native Spanish families residing in Navarra...
June 15, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629403/factors-influencing-professional-life-satisfaction-among-neurologists
#19
Stephanie M Teixeira-Poit, Michael T Halpern, Heather L Kane, Michael Keating, Murrey Olmsted
BACKGROUND: Predicted shortages in the supply of neurologists may limit patients' access to and quality of care for neurological disorders. Retaining neurologists already in practice provides one opportunity to support the overall supply of practicing neurologists. Understanding factors associated with professional life satisfaction (and dissatisfaction) and implementing policies to enhance satisfaction may encourage neurologists to remain in clinical practice. In this paper, we present results from the first study examining factors associated with professional life satisfaction among a large sample of U...
June 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627844/patient-care-in-family-medicine-what-s-new-in-the-2016-literature-findings
#20
Christine Cohidon, Nicolas Senn
During the last two decades in Europe, the scope of activities regarding chronic diseases management in family medicine has increased while technical activities and preventative care have decreased. A new literature review and meta-analysis confirms that the use of electronic health records improves the quality of care. In the field of interprofessionnality, the task delegation in chronic care management to nurses or medical assistants is a source of satisfaction for these professionals. At the same time, this could improve patients' quality of life...
May 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
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