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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931640/qualitative-study-of-burnout-career-satisfaction-and-well-being-among-us-neurologists-in-2016
#1
Janis M Miyasaki, Carol Rheaume, Lisa Gulya, Aviva Ellenstein, Heidi B Schwarz, Thomas R Vidic, Tait D Shanafelt, Terrence L Cascino, Chris M Keran, Neil A Busis
OBJECTIVE: To understand the experience and identify drivers and mitigating factors of burnout and well-being among US neurologists. METHODS: Inductive data analysis was applied to free text comments (n = 676) from the 2016 American Academy of Neurology survey of burnout, career satisfaction, and well-being. RESULTS: Respondents providing comments were significantly more likely to be older, owners/partners of their practice, solo practitioners, and compensated by production than those not commenting...
September 20, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928205/bola-is-required-for-the-accurate-regulation-of-c-di-gmp-a-central-player-in-biofilm-formation
#2
Ricardo N Moreira, Clémentine Dressaire, Susana Barahona, Lisete Galego, Volkhard Kaever, Urs Jenal, Cecília M Arraiano
The bacterial second messenger cyclic dimeric GMP (c-di-GMP) is a nearly ubiquitous intracellular signaling molecule involved in the transition from the motile to the sessile/biofilm state in bacteria. C-di-GMP regulates various cellular processes, including biofilm formation, motility, and virulence. BolA is a transcription factor that promotes survival in different stresses and is also involved in biofilm formation. Both BolA and c-di-GMP participate in the regulation of motility mechanisms leading to similar phenotypes...
September 19, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922126/functional-contour-following-via-haptic-perception-and-reinforcement-learning
#3
Randall B Hellman, Cem Tekin, Mihaela van der Schaar, Veronica J Santos
Many tasks involve the fine manipulation of objects despite limited visual feedback. In such scenarios, tactile and proprioceptive feedback can be leveraged for task completion. We present an approach for real-time haptic perception and decision-making for a haptics-driven, functional contour-following task: the closure of a ziplock bag. This task is challenging for robots because the bag is deformable, transparent, and visually occluded by artificial fingertip sensors that are also compliant. A deep neural net classifier was trained to estimate the state of a zipper within a robot's pinch grasp...
September 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Haptics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915887/professional-fulfillment-and-parenting-work-life-balance-in-female-physicians-in-basic-sciences-and-medical-research-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey-of-all-80-medical-schools-in-japan
#4
Yuka Yamazaki, Takanori Uka, Eiji Marui
BACKGROUND: In Japan, the field of Basic Sciences encompasses clinical, academic, and translational research, as well as the teaching of medical sciences, with both an MD and PhD typically required. In this study, it was hypothesized that the characteristics of a Basic Sciences career path could offer the professional advancement and personal fulfillment that many female medical doctors would find advantageous. Moreover, encouraging interest in Basic Sciences could help stem shortages that Japan is experiencing in medical fields, as noted in the three principal contributing factors: premature resignation of female clinicians, an imbalance of female physicians engaged in research, and a shortage of medical doctors in the Basic Sciences...
September 15, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910603/apolipoprotein-a-iv-constrains-hpa-and-behavioral-stress-responsivity-in-a-strain-dependent-manner
#5
Amy E B Packard, Jintao Zhang, Brent Myers, Chih-Wei Ko, Fei Wang, Patrick Tso, Yvonne M Ulrich-Lai
There is a critical gap in our knowledge of the mechanisms that govern interactions between daily life experiences (e.g., stress) and metabolic diseases, despite evidence that stress can have profound effects on cardiometabolic health. Apolipoprotein A-IV (apoA-IV) is a protein found in chylomicrons (lipoprotein particles that transport lipids throughout the body) where it participates in lipid handling and the regulation of peripheral metabolism. Moreover, apoA-IV is expressed in brain regions that regulate energy balance including the arcuate nucleus...
September 1, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899182/cognitive-humanistic-psychodynamics-sidney-blatt-s-theoretical-philosophical-legacy
#6
Golan Shahar, Linda C Mayes
A number of broad-based, theoretical-philosophical tenets are to be gleaned from Sidney Blatt's voluminous, extensive, and unique scholarly work. Dominant themes in Blatt's life and work include (1) his fascination with cognition, particularly mental maps, or representations, of reality; (2) the influence of humanistic values (e.g., agency, need for growth, gestalts, need for balance, and an optimistic focus on resilience); and (3) a steadfast adherence to Freud's revolutionary discovery of the dynamic unconscious...
June 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894913/european-otorhinolaryngology-training-programs-results-of-a-european-survey-about-training-satisfaction-work-environment-and-conditions-in-six-countries
#7
N Oker, Naif H Alotaibi, A C Reichelt, P Herman, M Bernal-Sprekelsen, Andreas E Albers
ORL-students and residents have an ongoing debate about the "best" programme in Europe. Aim of this study was to comparatively assess differences among programmes in training, satisfaction, quality of life (QoL) of residents and recent otorhinolaryngologist (ORL) specialists in France, Germany, Spain, Italy, Austria, and Belgium. A self-administered anonymous questionnaire, structured in ten sections including general information, provided guidance, working environment, training structure, teaching of medical students, publication work, QoL, and satisfaction with training, were emailed to residents and recent ORL specialists...
September 11, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890950/creating-conditions-for-patients-values-to-emerge-in-clinical-conversations-perspectives-of-health-care-team-members
#8
Andrew B L Berry, Catherine Lim, Andrea L Hartzler, Tad Hirsch, Evette Ludman, Edward H Wagner, James D Ralston
Eliciting, understanding, and honoring patients' values- the things most important to them in daily life-is a cornerstone of patient-centered care. However, this rarely occurs explicitly as a routine part of clinical practice. This is particularly problematic for individuals with multiple chronic conditions (MCC) because they face difficult choices about how to balance competing demands for self-care in accordance with their values. In this study, we sought to inform the design of interventions to support conversations about patient values between patients with MCC and their health care providers...
June 2017: DIS (Des Interact Syst Conf)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882774/how-prospective-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-trainees-rank-residency-training-programs
#9
Michael J Auriemma, Curtis L Whitehair
BACKGROUND: From the inception of the National Resident Matching Program, multiple studies have investigated the factors applicants consider important to ranking prospective residency programs. However, only two previous studies focused on prospective physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) trainees, and the most recent of these studies was published in 1993. It is unknown whether these previous studies are reflective of current prospective PM&R residents. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess various factors that contribute to prospective PM&R residents' decision making in choosing a residency program and compare these findings to previous studies...
September 4, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876682/does-gender-impact-on-female-doctors-experiences-in-the-training-and-practice-of-surgery
#10
F Umoetok, J van Wyk, T E Madiba
BACKGROUND: Surgery has been a male-dominated speciality both in South Africa and abroad. METHOD: This mixed methodology case study collected data from a purposive sample of female surgical registrars enrolled at one institution in South Africa. A self-administered questionnaire was used to explore whether or not female doctors perceived any benefits of being in a male-dominated specialty. It explored problems encountered due to gender, the participants' perceptions of the influence of gender on their surgical training, practice and challenges...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876559/does-gender-impact-on-female-doctors-experiences-in-the-training-and-practice-of-surgery-a-single-centre-study
#11
F Umoetok, J M Van Wyk, T E Madiba
BACKGROUND: Surgery has been identified as a male-dominated specialty in South Africa and abroad. This study explored how female registrars perceived the impact of gender on their training and practice of surgery. METHOD: A self-administered questionnaire was used to explore whether females perceived any benefits to training in a male-dominated specialty, their choice of mentors and the challenges that they encountered during surgical training. RESULTS: Thirty-two female registrars participated in the study...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875833/phytocompounds-as-potential-agents-to-treat-obesity-cardiovascular-ailments
#12
Balaji Meriga, Muni Swamy Ganjayi, Brahma Naidu Parim
Obesity is no longer considered as a cosmetic issue as it is a potential risk factor to develop hypertension, type-2 diabetes, cardio vascular diseases (CVDs), infertility, arthritis etc. Apart from genetic factors, changes in life styles, food and work habits have lead to alarming raise in obesity ailments in both developed and developing countries. The excess and unutilized food takenin is converted into lipid components, primarily triglycerides and is stored in the liver, adipose and other tissues; if the positive energy balance extends a longer period it will lead to overweight, obesity and CVDs...
August 30, 2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869209/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-an-aftercare-service-vs-treatment-as-usual-for-patients-with-severe-mental-disorders
#13
Eshagh Barfar, Vandad Sharifi, Homayoun Amini, Yasaman Mottaghipour, Masud Yunesian, Mehdi Tehranidoost, Payam Sobhebidari, Arash Rashidian
BACKGROUND: There have been claims that community mental health principles leads to the maintenance of better health and functioning in patients and can be more economical for patients with severe and chronic mental disorders. Economic evaluation studies have been used to assess the cost-effectiveness of national health programs, or to propose efficient strategies for health care delivery. AIMS OF THE STUDY: The current study is intended to test the cost-effectiveness of an Aftercare Service when compared with Treatment-As-Usual for patients with severe mental disorders in Iran...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864528/parallel-careers-a-parasitologist-and-a-vet
#14
Ian Wright
Ian Wright heads the European Scientific Counsel Companion Animal Parasites (ESCCAP) UK and Ireland, which involves some international travel. He and his wife are also practice owners and they have two children. He admits that work-life balance can be a challenge.
September 2, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853447/work-and-family-conflicts-in-employees-with-spinal-cord-injury-and-their-caregiving-partners
#15
C Fekete, J Siegrist, H Tough, M W G Brinkhof
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of conflicts between work and family life with indicators of health and to examine the antecedents of those conflicts in employees with spinal cord injury (SCI) and their caregiving partners. SETTING: Community, Switzerland. METHODS: Data from employed persons with SCI (n=79) and caregiving partners (n=93) who participated in the pro-WELL study were used...
August 29, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852156/the-neural-mechanism-underpinning-balance-calibration-between-action-inhibition-and-activation-initiated-by-reward-motivation
#16
Hsin-Ju Lee, Fa-Hsuan Lin, Wen-Jui Kuo
In everyday life, it is often the case that in some situations we are motivated and want not only to speed up our actions but also to avoid mistakes-for example, ballgames. How our brain works at that moment to resolve the situations and react properly has created an active research field. Previous findings indicated that maintaining a balance between withholding and executing an action are highly dynamic and involve many executive control processes. This fMRI study was set up to investigate how motivation affects these balancing processes...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851792/the-clinical-academic-workforce-of-the-future-a-cross-sectional-study-of-factors-influencing-career-decision-making-among-clinical-phd-students-at-two-research-intensive-uk-universities
#17
Joana Lopes, Veronica Ranieri, Trevor Lambert, Chris Pugh, Helen Barratt, Naomi J Fulop, Geraint Rees, Denise Best
OBJECTIVES: To examine clinical doctoral students' demographic and training characteristics, career intentions, career preparedness and what influences them as they plan their future careers. DESIGN AND SETTING: Online cross-sectional census surveys at two research-intensive medical schools in England in 2015-2016. PARTICIPANTS: All medically qualified PhD students (N=523) enrolled at the University of Oxford and University College London were invited to participate...
August 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851354/the-relationship-between-working-conditions-and-self-rated-health-among-medical-doctors-evidence-from-seven-waves-of-the-medicine-in-australia-balancing-employment-and-life-mabel-survey
#18
Allison Milner, Katrina Witt, Matthew J Spittal, Marie Bismark, Melissa Graham, Anthony D LaMontagne
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial job stressors, such as low control and high demands, have been found to influence the health and wellbeing of doctors. However, past research in this area has relied on cross-sectional data, which limits causal inferences about the influence of psychosocial job stressors on health. In this study, we examine this relationship longitudinally while also assessing whether the relationship between psychosocial job stressors and health is modified by gender. METHODS: The data source was seven annual waves of the Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life (MABEL) survey...
August 29, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842868/resident-perspectives-on-work-life-policies-and-implications-for-burnout
#19
Nicole Westercamp, Raziya S Wang, Magali Fassiotto
OBJECTIVE: As resident burnout increases, there is a need for better awareness, resources, and interventions. Challenges in balancing work and life priorities have been implicated in contributing to physician burnout. Institutional work-life policies (WLPs) are critical tools to meet work-life needs. This study investigates the influence of WLPs on residents' experiences. METHODS: The authors emailed a SurveyMonkey link to the APA chief resident and Minority Fellow listservs and directly to 94 psychiatry program directors and 52 fellowship directors nationwide to distribute a survey to residents regarding WLP use and barriers, as well as burnout...
August 25, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840719/iso-oriented-nati2-po4-3-mesocrystals-as-anode-material-for-high-energy-and-long-durability-sodium-ion-capacitor
#20
Tongye Wei, Gongzheng Yang, Chengxin Wang
Sodium-ion capacitors (SIC) combine the merits of both high-energy batteries and high-power electrochemical capacitors as well as the low cost and high safety. However, they are also known to suffer from the severe deficiency of suitable electrode materials with high initial Coulombic efficiency (ICE) and kinetic balance between both electrodes. Herein, we report a facile solvothermal synthesis of NaTi2(PO4)3 nanocages constructed by iso-oriented tiny nanocrystals with a mesoporous architecture. It is notable that the NaTi2(PO4)3 mesocrystals exhibit a large ICE of 94%, outstanding rate capability (98 mA h g(-1) at 10 C), and long cycling life (over 77% capacity retention after 10 000 cycles) in half cells, all of which are in favor to be utilized into a full cell...
September 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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