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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885221/a-new-oral-care-gel-to-prevent-aspiration-during-oral-care
#1
Megumi Moriya, Miwa Matsuyama, Junko Inukai, Yukihiro Michiwaki, Hiroshi Iwabuchi, Tadashi Ogasawara, Koichiro Matsuo, Yasunori Sumi
AIM: Although oral care is important in the prevention of aspiration pneumonia, the different institutions and practitioners employ various oral care methods, some of which are associated with the risk of aspiration. We have developed a new gel with the physical properties needed for waterless oral care. In the present study, we evaluated and investigated the properties and effectiveness of this gel. METHODS: The physical properties of the trial gel and commercial moisturizing gels were compared using a VAS scale...
2016: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855775/use-of-closed-suction-drain-after-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty-an-overrated-practice
#2
Gaurav M Sharma, Gauresh Palekar, Dilip D Tanna
PURPOSE: The age-old practice of closed suction drain following orthopedic procedures has been challenged since past few decades. Our aim was to assess the effectiveness of closed suction drain after total knee arthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty patients (135 knees) with primary Total Knee Arthroplasty were divided into a study group (no drain) and a control group (drain used). Inclusion criteria were grade 3 and grade 4 osteoarthritis of the knee...
2016: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818117/-induced-abortion-guidelines-for-clinical-practice%C3%A2-%C3%A2-text-of-the-guidelines-short-text
#3
C Vayssière, A Gaudineau, L Attali, K Bettahar, S Eyraud, P Faucher, P Fournet, D Hassoun, M Hatchuel, C Jamin, B Letombe, T Linet, M Msika Razon, A Ohanessian, H Segain, S Vigoureux, N Winer, S Wylomanski, A Agostini
OBJECTIVE: Develop recommendations for the practice of induced abortion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Pubmed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and foreign Gyn-Obs societies or colleges have been consulted. RESULTS: The number of induced abortions (IA) has been stable for several decades. There are a lot of factors explaining the choice of abortion when there is an unplanned pregnancy (UPP). Early initiation and choice of contraception in connection to the woman's life are associated with lower NSP...
November 3, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797725/morphology-and-distribution-of-taste-papillae-and-oral-denticles-in-the-developing-oropharyngeal-cavity-of-the-bamboo-shark-chiloscyllium-punctatum
#4
Carla J L Atkinson, Kyle J Martin, Gareth J Fraser, Shaun P Collin
Gustation in sharks is not well understood, especially within species that ingest food items using suction. This study examines the morphological and immunohistochemical characterisation of taste papillae and oral denticles in the oropharynx of the brown-banded bamboo shark Chiloscyllium punctatum and compares their distribution during development. Taste papillae of the brown-banded bamboo shark Chiloscyllium punctatum are located throughout the oropharyngeal region and are most concentrated on the oral valves (2,125-3,483 per cm(2) in embryos; 89-111 per cm(2) in mature adults) close to the tooth territories...
October 26, 2016: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766723/rumination-syndrome-pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#5
I Absah, A Rishi, N J Talley, D Katzka, M Halland
BACKGROUND: Rumination syndrome is a functional gastrointestinal disorder characterized by effortless and repetitive regurgitation of recently ingested food from the stomach to the oral cavity followed by either re-swallowing or spitting. Rumination is thought to occur due to a reversal of the esophagogastric pressure gradient. This is achieved by a coordinated abdominothoracic maneuver consisting of a thoracic suction, crural diaphragm relaxation and an increase in intragastric pressure...
October 20, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751699/comparing-the-effectiveness-of-a-novel-suction-set-up-using-an-adult-endotracheal-tube-connected-to-a-meconium-aspirator-vs-a-traditional-yankauer-suction-instrument
#6
Jonathan Kei, Donald P Mebust
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that an adult 8.0 endotracheal tube (ETT) connected to a neonatal meconium aspirator would improve suctioning during emergent endotracheal intubation compared to the Yankauer suction instrument, the standard tool used by emergency physicians. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to compare the effectiveness of a Yankauer vs. an ETT-meconium aspirator set-up in suctioning liquids of different viscosities. METHODS: The Yankauer and ETT-meconium aspirator device underwent a head-to-head timed comparison, suctioning 250 mL of three different fluids, varying in viscosity...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688921/management-of-ankyloglossia-and-breastfeeding-difficulties-in-the-newborn-breastfeeding-sessions-myofunctional-therapy-and-frenotomy
#7
Elvira Ferrés-Amat, Tomasa Pastor-Vera, Paula Rodríguez-Alessi, Eduard Ferrés-Amat, Javier Mareque-Bueno, Eduard Ferrés-Padró
The problems of suction in newborns give rise to multiple consequences for both the mother and the newborn. The objective of this paper is to present a case of ankyloglossia ("tongue-tie") and the suction problems that were treated by a multidisciplinary team. The subject is a 17-day-old male patient, with ankyloglossia and suction problems during breastfeeding (pain in the breastfeeding mother, poor weight gain, and long breastfeeds). The patient followed the circuit established in our centre between the services of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Breastfeeding and Speech Therapy and Orofacial Rehabilitation (CELERE)...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665031/impact-and-feasibility-of-an-emergency-department-based-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-bundle-for-patients-intubated-in-an-academic-emergency-department
#8
Lawrence A DeLuca, Paul Walsh, Donald D Davidson, Lisa R Stoneking, Laurel M Yang, Kristi J H Grall, M Jessica Gonzaga, Wanda J Larson, Uwe Stolz, Dylan M Sabb, Kurt R Denninghoff
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) has been linked to emergency department (ED) intubation and length of stay (LOS). We assessed VAP prevalence in ED intubated patients, feasibility of ED VAP prevention, and effect on VAP rates. METHODS: This was a quality improvement initiative using a pre/post design. Phase 1 (PRE1) comprised patients before intensive care unit (ICU) bundle deployment. Phase 2 (PRE2) occurred after ICU but before ED deployment. Phase 3 (POST) included patients received VAP prevention starting at ED intubation...
September 21, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628607/proposal-for-a-new-exercise-method-for-dysphagia-with-velopharyngeal-inadequacy-a-case-of-bickerstaff-s-brainstem-encephalitis
#9
Yuji Koyama, Kayako Nitta, Michi Tochikura, Takashi Kasahara, Yutaka Kametsu, Minoru Toyokura, Yoshihisa Masakado
Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis is an autoimmune disease with the primary lesion situated in the brainstem and three cardinal signs: ophthalmoplegia; ataxia; and impaired consciousness. A 68-year-old man was started on rehabilitation exercise 3 months after onset of Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis, due to remnant dysarthria and dysphagia (Functional Oral Intake Scale, level 5) after the cardinal signs of Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis resolved. Exercise involved using a straw in the anterior midline between the dorsal tongue and hard palate...
2016: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596013/patients-experience-of-temporary-tracheostomy-after-microvascular-reconstruction-for-cancer-of-the-head-and-neck
#10
S N Rogers, L Russell, D Lowe
A temporary tracheostomy is commonly done in patients who have reconstruction after the ablation of advanced oral cancer to provide easy access to a secure airway in case a haematoma forms or the patient needs a return to theatre. Although relatively simple to do, we know little about the patients' experience, and to find out, we designed a three-stage study. First, we conducted semi-structured interviews to identify items related to the functional, emotional, and social impacts of the tracheostomy, on the ward and on removal (n=15 patients)...
September 2, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593357/mandibular-fracture-in-a-neonate
#11
V Gopalakrishnan, N K Sahoo, I D Roy
Mandibular fractures in the neonate are rare. The aetiological factors are traumatic delivery, accidental fall, road traffic accidents, and attempted infanticide. The diagnosis is difficult due to facial oedema masking the clinical features and the absence of dentition. The treatment of fractures in the newborn represents a unique problem in terms of investigations, diagnosis, selection of anaesthesia, and method of fixation. The case of a 1-day-old infant referred for the management of a mandibular fracture sustained in an accidental fall is presented herein...
September 1, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585419/second-degree-atrioventricular-block-occurring-after-tooth-extraction
#12
Takaaki Kamatani, Ayako Akizuki, Seiji Kondo, Tatsuo Shirota
Although cardiac arrhythmias are occasionally associated with dental extractions and dental anesthesia, atrioventricular block is rarely seen during dental procedures. We report a rare case of type I second-degree atrioventricular block (Wenckebach phenomenon) occurring after bilateral extraction of impacted mandibular third molars under general anesthesia in a 16-year-old Japanese girl. Under consultation with a cardiovascular physician, we carefully monitored the patient's vital signs postoperatively, including blood pressure, oxygen saturation, and electrocardiogram, using a bedside monitor...
2016: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27481487/intermittent-at-home-suctioning-of-esophageal-content-for-prevention-of-recurrent-aspiration-pneumonia-in-4-dogs-with-megaesophagus
#13
K Manning, A J Birkenheuer, J Briley, S A Montgomery, J Harris, S L Vanone, J L Gookin
BACKGROUND: Megaesophagus carries a poor to guarded prognosis due to death from aspiration pneumonia. Options for medical management of regurgitation are limited to strategic oral or gastrostomy tube feeding. OBJECTIVES: To describe the use and efficacy of intermittent esophageal suctioning to prevent regurgitation and associated episodes of aspiration pneumonia in dogs with megaesophagus. ANIMALS: Four dogs with acquired idiopathic megaesophagus and recurrent aspiration pneumonia...
September 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383663/phenotypic-flexibility-of-gape-anatomy-fine-tunes-the-aquatic-prey-capture-system-of-newts
#14
Sam Van Wassenbergh, Egon Heiss
A unique example of phenotypic flexibility of the oral apparatus is present in newts (Salamandridae) that seasonally change between an aquatic and a terrestrial habitat. Newts grow flaps of skin between their upper and lower jaws, the labial lobes, to partly close the corners of the mouth when they adopt an aquatic lifestyle during their breeding season. Using hydrodynamic simulations based on μCT-scans and cranial kinematics during prey-capture in the smooth newt (Lissotriton vulgaris), we showed that this phenotypic flexibility is an adaptive solution to improve aquatic feeding performance: both suction distance and suction force increase by approximately 15% due to the labial lobes...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374032/skin-photoprotective-and-antiageing-effects-of-a-combination-of-rosemary-rosmarinus-officinalis-and-grapefruit-citrus-paradisi-polyphenols
#15
Vincenzo Nobile, Angela Michelotti, Enza Cestone, Nuria Caturla, Julián Castillo, Obdulio Benavente-García, Almudena Pérez-Sánchez, Vicente Micol
BACKGROUND: Plant polyphenols have been found to be effective in preventing ultraviolet radiation (UVR)-induced skin alterations. A dietary approach based of these compounds could be a safe and effective method to provide a continuous adjunctive photoprotection measure. In a previous study, a combination of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) and grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) extracts has exhibited potential photoprotective effects both in skin cell model and in a human pilot trial. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the efficacy of a combination of rosemary (R...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367641/effect-of-a-dedicated-oral-care-program-on-periodontal-status-of-medically-compromised-patients-at-the-toronto-rehabilitation-institute-dental-clinic
#16
Robert Schlosser, Trudy Hebbes
Medically compromised patients attending the dental clinic at the Toronto Rehabilitation Institute have considerable gingival inflammation and breath odor. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of toothbrushing on the periodontal status of these patients and to determine if there were any additional benefit in combining brushing with an application of an antibiotic rinse. During the first 7 days of the study, the teeth of 11 participants were brushed twice a day by a dental hygienist using a soft-bristle suction toothbrush without toothpaste...
July 2016: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27195470/applying-adult-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-bundle-evidence-to-the-ventilated-neonate
#17
Carla D Weber
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in neonates can be reduced by implementing preventive care practices. Implementation of a group, or bundle, of evidence-based practices that improve processes of care has been shown to be cost-effective and to have better outcomes than implementation of individual single practices. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to describe a safe, effective, and efficient neonatal VAP prevention protocol developed for caregivers in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)...
June 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27106640/are-prophylactic-postoperative-antibiotics-necessary-for-immediate-breast-reconstruction-results-of-a-prospective-randomized%C3%A2-clinical-trial
#18
Brett T Phillips, Mitchell S Fourman, Muath Bishawi, Mary Zegers, Brian J O'Hea, Jason C Ganz, Tara L Huston, Alexander B Dagum, Sami U Khan, Duc T Bui
BACKGROUND: Closed-suction drains, implants, and acellular dermal matrix (ADM) are routinely used in tissue expander-based immediate breast reconstruction (TE-IBR). Each of these factors is thought to increase the potential for surgical site infection (SSI). Although CDC guidelines recommend only 24 hours of antibiotic prophylaxis after TE-IBR, current clinical practices vary significantly. This study evaluated the difference in SSI between 2 different prophylactic antibiotic durations...
June 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049715/prevention-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-the-intensive-care-unit-beyond-the-basics
#19
Vickie Larrow, Eira I Klich-Heartt
Ventilated-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a major concern for hospitals and a major problem for ventilated patients in the intensive care unit. Included in the basics are hand hygiene, wearing gloves, endotracheal tube suctioning, head of bed at 30°, stress ulcer prophylaxis, turning patient side to side at least every two hours, and giving the patient a sedation vacation each morning. Beyond the basics included here are oral hygiene, oral suctioning, endotracheal tube cuff pressure, artificial humidification, the difference in practice between registered nurses and respiratory therapists, using the beach chair position and early mobilization, and the VAP bundle...
June 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27028793/the-physiologic-coupling-of-sucking-and-swallowing-coordination-provides-a-unique-process-for-neonatal-survival
#20
Katlyn E McGrattan, Maneesha Sivalingam, Kathryn A Hasenstab, Lai Wei, Sudarshan R Jadcherla
AIM: Although the coordination of sucking and swallowing is critical for successful oral intake in neonates, the mechanisms that facilitate this coordination are not well understood. This investigation sought to clarify the mechanisms that facilitate this coordination, by comparing sucks that were coordinated with swallows and sucks that were completed in isolation. METHODS: Ten neonates with a median gestational age of 28.2 weeks, ranging from 27.0 to 35.0 weeks, were recruited from the neonatal nurseries at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, USA...
July 2016: Acta Paediatrica
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