keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cognitive control

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793150/exploring-the-victimization%C3%A2-early-substance-misuse-relationship-in-search-of-moderating-and-mediating-effects
#1
Glenn D Walters, Dorothy L Espelage
This study was designed to address two research questions. The first research question asked whether physical abuse victimization at the hands of parents/guardians, bullying victimization at the hands of peers, and the abuse x bullying interaction encouraged early involvement in substance misuse. The second research question inquired as to whether the victimization‒substance misuse relationship was mediated by variables proposed by various theories and research studies-specifically, cognitive impulsivity, negative affect, and low self-esteem...
May 21, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792878/deoxyelephantopin-ameliorates-lipopolysaccharides-lps-induced-memory-impairments-in-rats-evidence-for-its-anti-neuroinflammatory-properties
#2
Shathiswaran N Andy, Vijayapandi Pandy, Zazali Alias, Habsah Abdul Kadir
AIM: Neuroinflammation is a critical pathogenic mechanism of most neurodegenerative disorders especially, Alzheimer's disease (AD). Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are known to induce neuroinflammation which is evident from significant upsurge of pro-inflammatory mediators in in vitro BV-2 microglial cells and in vivo animal models. In present study, we investigated anti-neuroinflammatory properties of deoxyelephantopin (DET) isolated from Elephantopus scaber in LPS-induced neuroinflammatory rat model...
May 21, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792493/does-increased-effort-compensate-for-performance-debilitating-test-anxiety
#3
David W Putwain, Wendy Symes
It is well established that test anxiety is negatively related to examination performance. Based on attentional control theory, the aim of this study was to examine whether increased effort can protect against performance debilitating test anxiety. Four hundred and sixty-six participants (male = 228; 48.9%; White = 346, 74.3%; mean age = 15.7 years) completed self-report measures of test anxiety and effort that were matched to performance on a high-stakes secondary school examination. The worry and bodily symptoms components of test anxiety were negatively, and effort, positively related to examination performance...
May 24, 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792473/cognitive-and-affective-associations-with-an-ecologically-valid-test-of-theory-of-mind-across-the-lifespan
#4
Emilie Johansson Nolaker, Kim Murray, Francesca Happé, Rebecca A Charlton
OBJECTIVES: Many studies have demonstrated that theory of mind (ToM) ability declines with increasing age. Research has found that ToM-age associations are often mediated by other cognitive abilities particularly executive function. However, older adults rarely complain about real-world ToM difficulties. It has been suggested that older adults may perform better in real-world situations compared with experimental settings. METHOD: We examined performance on the Strange Stories Film Task (SSFT) which has been designed to assess ToM using naturalistic, video scenarios...
May 24, 2018: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792444/automaticity-in-the-recognition-of-nonverbal-emotional-vocalizations
#5
César F Lima, Andrey Anikin, Ana Catarina Monteiro, Sophie K Scott, São Luís Castro
The ability to perceive the emotions of others is crucial for everyday social interactions. Important aspects of visual socioemotional processing, such as the recognition of facial expressions, are known to depend on largely automatic mechanisms. However, whether and how properties of automaticity extend to the auditory domain remains poorly understood. Here we ask if nonverbal auditory emotion recognition is a controlled deliberate or an automatic efficient process, using vocalizations such as laughter, crying, and screams...
May 24, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792294/training-working-memory-in-adolescents-using-serious-game-elements-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Wouter J Boendermaker, Thomas E Gladwin, Margot Peeters, Pier J M Prins, Reinout W Wiers
BACKGROUND: Working memory capacity has been found to be impaired in adolescents with various psychological problems, such as addictive behaviors. Training of working memory capacity can lead to significant behavioral improvements, but it is usually long and tedious, taxing participants' motivation to train. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate whether adding game elements to the training could help improve adolescents' motivation to train while improving cognition...
May 23, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792242/testing-a-stepped-care-model-for-binge-eating-disorder-a-two-step-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Giorgio A Tasca, Diana Koszycki, Agostino Brugnera, Livia Chyurlia, Nicole Hammond, Kylie Francis, Kerri Ritchie, Iryna Ivanova, Genevieve Proulx, Brian Wilson, Julie Beaulac, Hany Bissada, Erin Beasley, Nancy Mcquaid, Renee Grenon, Benjamin Fortin-Langelier, Angelo Compare, Louise Balfour
BACKGROUND: A stepped care approach involves patients first receiving low-intensity treatment followed by higher intensity treatment. This two-step randomized controlled trial investigated the efficacy of a sequential stepped care approach for the psychological treatment of binge-eating disorder (BED). METHODS: In the first step, all participants with BED (n = 135) received unguided self-help (USH) based on a cognitive-behavioral therapy model. In the second step, participants who remained in the trial were randomized either to 16 weeks of group psychodynamic-interpersonal psychotherapy (GPIP) (n = 39) or to a no-treatment control condition (n = 46)...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792241/efficacy-of-digital-cbt-for-insomnia-to-reduce-depression-across-demographic-groups-a-randomized-trial
#8
Philip Cheng, Annemarie I Luik, Cynthia Fellman-Couture, Edward Peterson, Christine L M Joseph, Gabriel Tallent, Kieulinh Michelle Tran, Brian K Ahmedani, Timothy Roehrs, Thomas Roth, Christopher L Drake
BACKGROUND: Insomnia and depression are highly comorbid and mutually exacerbate clinical trajectories and outcomes. Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) effectively reduces both insomnia and depression severity, and can be delivered digitally. This could substantially increase the accessibility to CBT-I, which could reduce the health disparities related to insomnia; however, the efficacy of digital CBT-I (dCBT-I) across a range of demographic groups has not yet been adequately examined...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792234/long-term-outcomes-of-acute-treatment-with-cognitive-therapy-v-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-adult-depression-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Lotte H J M Lemmens, Suzanne C van Bronswijk, Frenk Peeters, Arnoud Arntz, Steven D Hollon, Marcus J H Huibers
BACKGROUND: Although equally efficacious in the acute phase, it is not known how cognitive therapy (CT) and interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) for major depressive disorder (MDD) compare in the long run. This study examined the long-term outcomes of CT v. IPT for MDD. METHODS: One hundred thirty-four adult (18-65) depressed outpatients who were treated with CT (n = 69) or IPT (n = 65) in a large open-label randomized controlled trial (parallel group design; computer-generated block randomization) were monitored across a 17-month follow-up phase...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792087/effects-of-intensive-short-term-dynamic-psychotherapy-on-social-cognition-in-major-depression
#10
Bita Ajilchi, Steve Kisely, Vahid Nejati, Jon Frederickson
BACKGROUND: Social cognition is commonly affected in psychiatric disorders and is a determinant of quality of life. However, there are few studies of treatment. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of intensive short-term dynamic psychotherapy on social cognition in major depression. METHOD: This study used a parallel group randomized control design to compare pre-test and post-test social cognition scores between depressed participants receiving ISTDP and those allocated to a wait-list control group...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791872/gene-expression-in-cord-blood-links-genetic-risk-for-neurodevelopmental-disorders-with-maternal-psychological-distress-and-adverse-childhood-outcomes
#11
Michael S Breen, Aliza P Wingo, Nastassja Koen, Kirsten A Donald, Mark Nicol, Heather J Zar, Kerry J Ressler, Joseph D Buxbaum, Dan J Stein
Prenatal exposure to maternal stress and depression has been identified as a risk factor for adverse behavioral and neurodevelopmental outcomes in early childhood. However, the molecular mechanisms through which maternal psychopathology shapes offspring development remain poorly understood. We applied transcriptome-wide screens to 149 umbilical cord blood samples from neonates born to mothers with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; n=20), depression (n=31) and PTSD with comorbid depression (n=13), compared to carefully matched trauma exposed controls (n=23) and healthy mothers (n=62)...
May 20, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791867/longitudinal-assessment-of-chemotherapy-induced-changes-in-brain-and-cognitive-functioning-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Mingmei Li, Karen Caeyenberghs
In addition to the burden of a life-threatening diagnosis, cancer patients are struggling with adverse side-effects from cancer treatment. Chemotherapy has been linked to an array of cognitive impairments and alterations in brain structure and function ("chemobrain"). In this review, we summarized the existing evidence that evaluate the changes in cognitive functioning and brain with chemotherapy, as assessed using structural and functional MRI-based techniques in a longitudinal design. This review followed the latest PRISMA guidelines using Embase, Medline, PsychINFO, Scopus, and Web of Science databases with date restrictions from 2012-2017...
May 20, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791634/effects-of-health-education-in-the-elderly-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#13
Francine Golghetto Casemiro, Diana Monteiro Quirino, Maria Angélica Andreotti Diniz, Rosalina Aparecida Partezani Rodrigues, Sofia Cristina Iost Pavarini, Aline Cristina Martins Gratão
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the effects of health education on both cognition and depressive/anxiety symptoms in the elderly with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). METHOD: this is a randomized and controlled clinical trial. Participants (n=22) were recruited from a specialized outpatient clinic, and assigned into two groups: a Health Education Group (HEG) (n=10) and a Control Group (CG) (n=12). The participants were evaluated before and after the intervention, which was composed of classes and dynamics...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791593/efficacy-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-children-and-adolescents-with-insomnia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Zhong-Rui Ma, Li-Jun Shi, Ming-Hong Deng
Insomnia is highly prevalent in children and adolescents. However, the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-i) in children and adolescents remains controversial. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the efficacy of CBT-i in children and adolescents. We conducted a search of PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, and PsycINFO to select primary studies evaluating CBT-i in children and adolescents that were primarily diagnosed through standardized diagnostic criteria...
2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791467/scan-patterns-during-scene-viewing-predict-individual-differences-in-clinical-traits-in-a-normative-sample
#15
Taylor R Hayes, John M Henderson
The relationship between viewer individual differences and gaze control has been largely neglected in the scene perception literature. Recently we have shown a robust association between individual differences in viewer cognitive capacity and scan patterns during scene viewing. These findings suggest other viewer individual differences may also be associated with scene gaze control. Here we expand our findings to quantify the relationship between individual differences in clinical traits and scene viewing behavior in a normative sample...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791460/are-saving-appearance-responses-typical-communication-patterns-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
Masateru Matsushita, Yusuke Yatabe, Asuka Koyama, Akiko Katsuya, Daisuke Ijichi, Yusuke Miyagawa, Hiroto Ikezaki, Noboru Furukawa, Manabu Ikeda, Mamoru Hashimoto
INTRODUCTION: To keep up appearances, people with dementia sometimes pretend to know the correct answer, as seen during administration of neuropsychological tests such as the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). These saving appearance responses (SARs) of people with dementia often lead to caregivers and/or medical staff underestimating the severity of dementia and impede proper early initiation of treatment. However, most descriptions of SARs are based on empirical knowledge of clinicians...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791452/validity-and-reliability-of-two-alternate-versions-of-the-montreal-cognitive-assessment-hong-kong-version-for-screening-of-mild-neurocognitive-disorder
#17
Adrian Wong, Stanley Yiu, Ziad Nasreddine, Kam-Tat Leung, Alexander Lau, Yannie O Y Soo, Lawrence Ka-Sing Wong, Vincent Mok
OBJECTIVE: Repeated testing using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) increases risks for practice effects which may bias measurements of cognitive change. The objective of this study is to develop two alternate versions of the MoCA (Hong Kong version; HK-MoCA) and to investigate the validity and reliability of the alternate versions in patients with DSM-5 Mild Neurocognitive Disorder (Mild NCD) and cognitively healthy controls. METHODS: Concurrent validity and inter-scale agreement were examined by Pearson correlation of the total scores between the original and alternate versions and the Bland-Altman Method...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791275/effects-of-web-based-instruction-and-patient-preferences-on-patient-reported-outcomes-and-learning-for-women-with-advanced-ovarian-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Sue V Petzel, Rachel Isaksson Vogel, Julie Cragg, Molly McClellan, Daniel Chan, Julie A Jacko, François Sainfort, Melissa A Geller
A randomized controlled trial was conducted of a web-based intervention to improve advanced care planning in women with ovarian cancer. A secondary analysis of 35 randomized women focused on changes in distress and knowledge about ovarian cancer through distress monitoring and information tailored to patients' cognitive coping style (monitoring, blunting). Pre-/postresults indicated the Intervention group demonstrated lower distress (p = 0.06); blunting was associated with lower depression (p = 0.04); knowledge in both groups was unchanged...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790790/the-effects-of-amantadine-on-traumatic-brain-injury-outcome-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#19
Hossein Ghalaenovi, Arash Fattahi, Jalil Koohpayehzadeh, Mahmoud Khodadost, Neda Fatahi, Morteza Taheri, Alireza Azimi, Sadra Rohani, Hessam Rahatlou
INTRODUCTION: Amantadine, as a dopamine receptor agonist, may stimulate and help the recovery of the nervous system after traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: We performed this study as a double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial with target population including all patients with TBI who scored nine or lower on the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), admitted to our hospital between January 2013 and April 2014. The protocol included administration of the drug (placebo or amantadine) for 6 weeks and patient evaluation using the GCS and FOUR score on the first, third and seventh days after the drug was started...
May 23, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790690/validation-of-the-portuguese-version-of-addenbrooke-s-cognitive-examination-iii-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia
#20
Bruno Peixoto, Milene Machado, Patricia Rocha, Carla Macedo, António Machado, Élia Baeta, Gerly Gonçalves, Paulo Pimentel, Emanuela Lopes, Luis Monteiro
BACKGROUND: Cognitive assessment is central to the diagnosis of cognitive impairment and dementia, and it should be performed in all patients in the early stages of the disease. Recently, the 3rd version of Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination (ACE-III) has been developed in order to improve the previous versions. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of ACE-III, namely: reliability and discriminative validity (sensitivity and specificity) in the identification of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia, in comparison to other neuropsychological screening tests, as well as to establish its concurrent and divergent validity...
May 16, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
keyword
keyword
59416
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"