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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653285/adipokines-and-bone-status-in-a-cohort-of-anorexic-patients
#1
Isabelle Legroux-Gérot, Jean Vignau, Odile Viltart, Pierre Hardouin, Christophe Chauveau, Bernard Cortet
INTRODUCTION: Bone loss in anorexia nervosa (AN) is multifactorial; its mechanisms are not yet clearly understood and may vary depending on disease duration and severity. To determine to what extent adipokines may be involved in the bone alterations found in anorexic patients, we evaluated plasma levels for leptin, adiponectin and Pref-1 against other clinical and biological parameters in a population of anorexic patients split according to weight and bone status. METHODS: Plasma concentrations of leptin, total adiponectin, high molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin, and Pref-1 were measured...
April 10, 2018: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605318/intravenous-lipid-infusion-affects-dry-matter-intake-methane-yield-and-rumen-bacteria-structure-in-late-lactating-holstein-cows
#2
Ole Lamp, Henry Reyer, Winfried Otten, Gerd Nürnberg, Michael Derno, Klaus Wimmers, Cornelia C Metges, Björn Kuhla
Increasing the dietary fat content of ruminant diets decreases methane (CH4 ) production. This effect is caused by the toxic properties of fatty acids on rumen microbial populations, coating of feed particles diminishing the accessibility for microbes, and a reduction in dry matter intake (DMI). The latter effect is caused by postabsorptive long-chain fatty acids eliciting anorexic signaling; however, whether circulating long-chain fatty acids affect rumen CH4 production alike is unknown. To approach this question, 5 rumen-cannulated Holstein cows in late lactation received 2 jugular catheters and were kept in respiration chambers to measure CH4 production and DMI for 48 h...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507720/hyperactivity-in-anorexia-nervosa-to-warm-or-not-to-warm-that-is-the-question-a-translational-research-one
#3
EDITORIAL
Olaia Carrera, Emilio Gutiérrez
In the Editorial 'Is the neglect of exercise in anorexia nervosa research a case of "running out" of ideas or do we need to take a "LEAP" of faith into the future?' these authors express their doubts concerning the suitability of keeping patients warm as a beneficial treatment option in managing excessive activity in anorexia nervosa (AN) patients. The case for warming as an adjunctive treatment for AN patients is based on strong experimental evidence gathered from research on animals with Activity-Based Anorexia (ABA)...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484303/liraglutide-a-glp-1-receptor-agonist-which-decreases-hypothalamic-5-ht2a-receptor-expression-reduces-appetite-and-body-weight-independently-of-serotonin-synthesis-in-mice
#4
Katsunori Nonogaki, Takao Kaji
A recent report suggested that brain-derived serotonin (5-HT) is critical for maintaining weight loss induced by glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor activation in rats and that 5-HT2A receptors mediate the feeding suppression and weight loss induced by GLP-1 receptor activation. Here, we show that changes in daily food intake and body weight induced by intraperitoneal administration of liraglutide, a GLP-1 receptor agonist, over 4 days did not differ between mice treated with the tryptophan hydroxylase (Tph) inhibitor p-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA) for 3 days and mice without PCPA treatment...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445881/study-of-salivary-and-serum-vaspin-and-total-antioxidants-in-anorexia-nervosa
#5
Elzbieta Paszynska, Marta Tyszkiewicz-Nwafor, Agnieszka Slopien, Monika Dmitrzak-Weglarz, Agata Dutkiewicz, Teresa Grzelak
OBJECTIVES: Patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) are primarily at high risk of multiple somatic complications, including oral diseases. In recent years, a number of new molecules that may play a potentially important role in AN progress and prognosis have been identified in saliva, but their exact roles are still poorly understood. Two such group of substances are antioxidants and vaspin. The purpose of this observational, cross-sectional study was to measure both the salivary and serum total antioxidant status (TAS), and vaspin (VASP) concentrations of patients with AN in comparison to an average population...
February 14, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429529/management-and-prevention-of-refeeding-syndrome-in-medical-inpatients-an-evidence-based-and-consensus-supported-algorithm
#6
Natalie Friedli, Zeno Stanga, Alison Culkin, Martin Crook, Alessandro Laviano, Lubos Sobotka, Reto W Kressig, Jens Kondrup, Beat Mueller, Philipp Schuetz
OBJECTIVES: Refeeding syndrome (RFS) can be a life-threatening metabolic condition after nutritional replenishment if not recognized early and treated adequately. There is a lack of evidence-based treatment and monitoring algorithm for daily clinical practice. The aim of the study was to propose an expert consensus guideline for RFS for the medical inpatient (not including anorexic patients) regarding risk factors, diagnostic criteria, and preventive and therapeutic measures based on a previous systematic literature search...
March 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426711/enteral-parenteral-nutrition-in-foals-and-adult-horses-practical-guidelines-for-the-practitioner
#7
REVIEW
Elizabeth A Carr
Nutritional support is an important adjunct to medical therapy in the sick, injured, or debilitated equine patient. What is not clear is the optimal route, composition, or amounts of support. The enteral route should be chosen whenever possible to maximize the benefits to the gastrointestinal tract and the patient as a whole. Complete or partial parenteral nutrition is most useful as a bridge during recovery and transition to enteral feeding in the horse. The reader is encouraged to consider nutritional support whether enteral or parenteral in any anorexic, chronically debilitated, or sick equine patient...
February 6, 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Equine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413810/transdiagnostic-vs-disorder-focused-perspective-in-children-and-adolescents-with-eating-disorders-findings-from-a-large-multisite-exploratory-study
#8
O Curzio, S Maestro, G Rossi, S Calderoni, L Giombini, S Scardigli, L Dalla Ragione, F Muratori
BACKGROUND: The transdiagnostic model of eating disorders (ED) proposes common cognitive mechanisms in patients with ED psychopathology. Little is known about their role in the maintenance of ED in children and adolescents. This study aimed to determine whether the relationships between key factors (low self-esteem, weight and shape control, clinical perfectionism, interpersonal problems, distress and mood instability) and core maintaining mechanisms (binge-eating and restraint) would support a transdiagnostic theory in young patients...
February 5, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387569/anorexia-highlights-in-traditional-persian-medicine-and-conventional-medicine
#9
REVIEW
Majid Nimrouzi, Mohammad Mehdi Zarshenas
Objective: Anorexia and impaired appetite (Dysorexia) are common symptoms with varying causes, and often need no serious medical intervention. Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a chronic psychiatric disease with a high mortality rate. In Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM), anorexia is a condition in which anorexic patients lose appetite due to dystemperament. This review aims to discuss the common points of traditional and conventional approaches rather than introducing Persian medical recommendations suitable for nowadays use...
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376738/an-appraisal-of-moulting-on-post-moult-egg-production-and-egg-weight-distribution-in-white-layer-hens-meta-analysis
#10
R Akbari Moghaddam Kakhki, Z Mousavi, K E Anderson
1. The aim of this study was to establish how different moulting methods and body weight losses influenced post-moult performance and USDA egg weight distribution. 2. Data of 5 laying flocks (#34-38) of the North Carolina Layer Performance and Management Test were used in this meta-analysis. 3. The moulting methods were non-fasted moulted (NF), short feed restricted (SF), 13-d feed restricted (FR), non-anorexic moult programme (NA), non-anorexic moult programme with low sodium (NALS) as well as non-moulting programme as control treatment...
January 29, 2018: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325849/coagonist-of-glp-1-and-glucagon-decreases-liver-inflammation-and-atherosclerosis-in-dyslipidemic-condition
#11
Vishal Patel, Amit Joharapurkar, Samadhan Kshirsagar, Brijesh Sutariya, Maulik Patel, Dheerendra Pandey, Hiren Patel, Ramchandra Ranvir, Shekhar Kadam, Dipam Patel, Rajesh Bahekar, Mukul Jain
Dyslipidemia enhances progression of atherosclerosis. Coagonist of GLP-1 and glucagon are under clinical investigation for the treatment of obesity and diabetes. Earlier, we have observed that coagonist reduced circulating and hepatic lipids, independent of its anorexic effects. Here, we investigated the role of coagonist of GLP-1 and glucagon receptors in complications of diet-induced dyslipidemia in hamsters and humanized double transgenic mice. Hamsters fed on high fat high cholesterol diet were treated for 8 weeks with coagonist of GLP-1 and glucagon receptors (75 and 150 μg/kg)...
February 25, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286598/a-case-note-regarding-force-feeding-of-anorexic-patients-and-the-right-to-die
#12
John Z Jackson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: MD Advisor: a Journal for New Jersey Medical Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262415/anorexia-nervosa-and-first-person-perspective-altruism-family-system-and-body-experience
#13
Jérôme Englebert, Valérie Follet, Caroline Valentiny
Based on the case study of Jeanne, the objective of this article is to study patterns of specific subjectivity in anorexic subjects. We seek to identify, in a first-person perspective, the core vulnerability features of anorexic existence, beyond the dimension of food alone. The identification of a psychopathological structure results in a better understanding of Jeanne's clinical situation and helps formulate psychotherapeutic and prophylactic recommendations. We suggest that so-called "denial" is a psychological mechanism that should be reconsidered...
2018: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239739/endophenotypes-a-conceptual-link-between-anorexia-nervosa-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Z C Zhou, D B McAdam, D R Donnelly
The paper, by translating the concept and the two models of endophenotype (EP), strengthens the hypothesis that there exists a linkage between anorexia nervosa (AN) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Specifically, the paper synthesizes empirical research that supported the idea that individuals with AN and individuals with ASD share similarities with respect to their neurocognitive EPs and temperament EPs. The paper then introduces an innovative structure to emphasize the subtle difference between neurocognitive EPs and temperament EPs in relation to AN and ASD...
November 24, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226508/glucose-homeostasis-in-two-degrees-of-sepsis-lethality-induced-by-caecum-ligation-and-puncture-in-mice
#15
Francielle B D Ferreira, Cristiane Dos Santos, Maciel A Bruxel, Everson A Nunes, Fernando Spiller, Alex Rafacho
Sepsis is associated with high mortality. Both critically ill humans and animal models of sepsis exhibit changes in their glucose homeostasis, that is, hypoglycaemia, with the progression of infection. However, the relationship between basal glycaemia, glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity is not well understood. Thus, we aimed to evaluate this glucose homeostasis triad at the late stage of sepsis (24 h after surgery) in male Swiss mice subjected to lethal and sublethal sepsis by the caecal ligation and puncture (CLP) model...
December 2017: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212654/i-thought-i-wasn-t-thin-enough-to-be-anorexic
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207134/novel-herbal-medicine-la16001-ameliorates-cisplatin-induced-anorexia
#17
Sang-Mi Woo, Kang Min Lee, Gyu Ri Lee, Ji Youn Park, Hee Jae Lee, Hyo-Jung Bahn, Hyun Seok Yoon, Jem Yung Kim, Young Cheol Shin, Sung-Gook Cho, Seong-Gyu Ko
Chemotherapy frequently causes anorexia in cancer patients, which has been associated with poor disease prognosis. Several therapeutic strategies for the treatment of chemotherapy‑induced anorexia are available; however, their adverse effects limit their clinical use. Herbal medicines have a long history of use for the treatment of various diseases, including cancer, and recent research has demonstrated their safety and efficacy. In the present study, combinations of herbal medicines were designed based on traditional Korean medicine, and their effects were investigated on chemotherapy‑induced anorexia...
February 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204239/wilkie-s-syndrome
#18
Renato Farina, Pietro Valerio Foti, Giuseppe Cocuzza, Valeria Costanzo, Giuliana Costanzo, Alessandro Conti, Alfredo Torcitto, Monica Pennisi
Superior mesenteric artery syndrome, also known as Wilkie's syndrome, is a rare vascular disease caused by the anomalous course of the superior mesenteric artery arising from the abdominal aorta with a smaller angle than the norm (<22°). The reduced angle compresses the structures situated between the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery, such as the duodenum and left renal vein; this can determine painful crises, intestinal subocclusions, and left varicocele. This syndrome can be congenital or acquired...
December 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179911/growth-hormone-and-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-secretions-in-eating-disorders-correlations-with-psychopathological-aspects-of-the-disorders
#19
Francesca Brambilla, Paolo Santonastaso, Lorenza Caregaro, Angela Favaro
Hormonal alterations in Eating Disorders (ED) may result from the biochemical stress of malnutrition/starvation. The correlations between some hormonal impairments, particularly of the somatotropic axis, and the psychopathological aspects of ED are still undefined. We measured the plasma concentrations of the somatotropic hormone (GH) and the insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in 136 patients with various forms of ED, 65 with restricted Anorexia Nervosa (ANR), 19 with bingeing-purging Anorexia Nervosa (ANBP), 12 with purging-non binging Anorexia Nervosa (ANP), 26 with Bulimia Nervosa (BN), 8 with ED not otherwise specified-anorexic type (EDNOS-AN), 7 with ED not otherwise specified-bulimic type (EDNOS-BN) and in 30 healthy controls...
July 26, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124885/oleoylethanolamide-the-role-of-a-bioactive-lipid-amide-in-modulating-eating-behaviour
#20
REVIEW
J Sihag, P J H Jones
Fatty acid ethanolamides are lipid mediators that regulate a plethora of physiological functions. One such bioactive lipid mediator, oleoylethanolamide (OEA), is a potent agonist of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPAR-α), which modulates increased expression of the fatty acid translocase CD36 that enables the regulation of feeding behaviour. Consumption of dietary fat rich in oleic acid activates taste receptors in the gut activating specific enzymes that lead to the formation of OEA...
February 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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