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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774467/recent-diabetes-related-mortality-trends-in-romania
#1
Sorin Ioacara, Elisabeta Sava, Olivia Georgescu, Anca Sirbu, Simona Fica
AIMS: As there are no published articles on country-level diabetes-related mortality in Romania, we aimed to investigate this aspect for the 1998-2015 period. METHODS: Anonymized demographic and diabetes-related mortality data (underlying or first secondary cause of death) were retrospectively obtained from the National Institute of Statistics/Eurostat microdata. Age-standardized mortality rates (ASMR) and their annual percentage change (APC) were analysed. RESULTS: During 1998-2015, 4,567,899 persons died in Romania, among whom, diabetes was responsible for 168,854 cases...
May 17, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774406/reduced-global-myocardial-perfusion-reserve-in-dcm-and-hcm-patients-assessed-by-cmr-based-velocity-encoded-coronary-sinus-flow-measurements-and-first-pass-perfusion-imaging
#2
Michael Bietenbeck, Anca Florian, Zornitsa Shomanova, Claudia Meier, Ali Yilmaz
BACKGROUND: Coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) is an independent predictor of poor prognosis in patients suffering from dilative or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (DCM/HCM). To assess CMD, quantitative myocardial first-pass perfusion (1P) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) can be performed. Coronary sinus flow (CSF) measurements at rest and during maximal vasodilatation are an alternative and well-validated approach for the quantification of global myocardial blood flow (MBF) in CMR...
May 17, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769093/granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-a-17-year-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-pakistan
#3
Omar Irfan, Haris Khan, Zarrar Khan, Alina Ashraf, Rimsha Ahmed, Javaid Ahmad Khan, Ali Bin Sarwar Zubairi
OBJECTIVE: Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA) is an autoimmune, multi-system, small and medium vessel vasculitis with granulomatous inflammation. Aim of this study was to assess the clinical and radiological presentations of patients with GPA amongst the Pakistani population. It is a single centre retrospective single observation study. RESULTS: Study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi with records were reviewed from January 2000 to December 2017...
May 16, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768245/exploring-the-potential-of-mucin-13-muc13-as-a-biomarker-for-carcinomas-and-other-diseases
#4
Panagiota S Filippou, Annie H Ren, Dimitrios Korbakis, Lampros Dimitrakopoulos, Antoninus Soosaipillai, Vivian Barak, Shahar Frenkel, Jacob Pe'er, Michal Lotem, Sharon Merims, Rafael Molina, Ivan Blasutig, Dimitrios P Bogdanos, Eleftherios P Diamandis
BACKGROUND: Mucin 13 (MUC13) is a cell surface glycoprotein aberrantly expressed in a variety of epithelial carcinomas. Thus far, the role of MUC13 in various diseases remains elusive. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to examine the potential of MUC13 as a serum biomarker in a variety of carcinomas and other conditions. METHODS: We developed a recombinant MUC13 protein, mouse monoclonal antibodies and enzyme immunoassay (ELISA) for MUC13. We used this assay to measure MUC13 levels in the supernatants of cancer cell lines and a large cohort of serum samples from healthy and diseased individuals...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766399/consensus-guidelines-for-the-use-and-interpretation-of-angiogenesis-assays
#5
REVIEW
Patrycja Nowak-Sliwinska, Kari Alitalo, Elizabeth Allen, Andrey Anisimov, Alfred C Aplin, Robert Auerbach, Hellmut G Augustin, David O Bates, Judy R van Beijnum, R Hugh F Bender, Gabriele Bergers, Andreas Bikfalvi, Joyce Bischoff, Barbara C Böck, Peter C Brooks, Federico Bussolino, Bertan Cakir, Peter Carmeliet, Daniel Castranova, Anca M Cimpean, Ondine Cleaver, George Coukos, George E Davis, Michele De Palma, Anna Dimberg, Ruud P M Dings, Valentin Djonov, Andrew C Dudley, Neil P Dufton, Sarah-Maria Fendt, Napoleone Ferrara, Marcus Fruttiger, Dai Fukumura, Bart Ghesquière, Yan Gong, Robert J Griffin, Adrian L Harris, Christopher C W Hughes, Nan W Hultgren, M Luisa Iruela-Arispe, Melita Irving, Rakesh K Jain, Raghu Kalluri, Joanna Kalucka, Robert S Kerbel, Jan Kitajewski, Ingeborg Klaassen, Hynda K Kleinmann, Pieter Koolwijk, Elisabeth Kuczynski, Brenda R Kwak, Koen Marien, Juan M Melero-Martin, Lance L Munn, Roberto F Nicosia, Agnes Noel, Jussi Nurro, Anna-Karin Olsson, Tatiana V Petrova, Kristian Pietras, Roberto Pili, Jeffrey W Pollard, Mark J Post, Paul H A Quax, Gabriel A Rabinovich, Marius Raica, Anna M Randi, Domenico Ribatti, Curzio Ruegg, Reinier O Schlingemann, Stefan Schulte-Merker, Lois E H Smith, Jonathan W Song, Steven A Stacker, Jimmy Stalin, Amber N Stratman, Maureen Van de Velde, Victor W M van Hinsbergh, Peter B Vermeulen, Johannes Waltenberger, Brant M Weinstein, Hong Xin, Bahar Yetkin-Arik, Seppo Yla-Herttuala, Mervin C Yoder, Arjan W Griffioen
The formation of new blood vessels, or angiogenesis, is a complex process that plays important roles in growth and development, tissue and organ regeneration, as well as numerous pathological conditions. Angiogenesis undergoes multiple discrete steps that can be individually evaluated and quantified by a large number of bioassays. These independent assessments hold advantages but also have limitations. This article describes in vivo, ex vivo, and in vitro bioassays that are available for the evaluation of angiogenesis and highlights critical aspects that are relevant for their execution and proper interpretation...
May 15, 2018: Angiogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763902/prognostic-factors-of-renal-involvement-in-systemic-sclerosis
#6
Edoardo Rosato, Antonietta Gigante, Biagio Barbano, Maria Ludovica Gasperini, Rosario Cianci, Maurizio Muscaritoli
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Renal involvement is common in systemic sclerosis (SSc), including asymptomatic reduction of glomerular filtration rate (GFR), increased renal resistance indices, scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) and ANCA-associated vasculitis. The aim was to evaluate type and evolution of renal involvement for a period of five years. METHODS: 121 SSc patients (100 F, 21 M) with mean age of 54.9 ± 13.8, disease duration of 9 ± 6 years, of which 62 had a diffused form and 59 limited form were enrolled...
May 10, 2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759555/prognostic-and-predictive-factors-in-patients-with-brain-metastases-from-solid-tumors-a-review-of-published-nomograms
#7
REVIEW
Carsten Nieder, Minesh P Mehta, Hans Geinitz, Anca L Grosu
OBJECTIVE: To review published nomograms that predict endpoints such as overall survival (OS) or risk of intracranial relapse in patients with brain metastases from solid tumors. METHODS: The methods and results of nomogram studies identified by a systematic search were extracted and compared, stratified by endpoint predicted by the respective nomograms. In particular, validation strategies (external/internal), concordance indices (cut-off 0.75) and comparisons to older models were analyzed...
June 2018: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755670/systemic-inflammatory-status-predict-the-outcome-of-k-ras-wt-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-patients-receiving-the-thymidylate-synthase-poly-epitope-peptide-anticancer-vaccine
#8
Pierpaolo Correale, Cirino Botta, Nicoletta Staropoli, Valerio Nardone, Pierpaolo Pastina, Cristina Ulivieri, Claudia Gandolfo, Tatiana Cosima Baldari, Stefano Lazzi, Domenico Ciliberto, Rocco Giannicola, Antonella Fioravanti, Antonio Giordano, Silvia Zappavigna, Michele Caraglia, Pierfrancesco Tassone, Luigi Pirtoli, Maria Grazia Cusi, Pierosandro Tagliaferri
TSPP is an anticancer poly-epitope peptide vaccine to thymidylate synthase, recently investigated in the multi-arm phase Ib TSPP/VAC1 trial. TSPP vaccination induced immune-biological effects and showed antitumor activity in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients and other malignancies. Progression-free and overall survival of 41 mCRC patients enrolled in the study correlated with baseline levels of CEA, immune-inflammatory markers (neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, CRP, ESR, LDH, ENA), IL-4 and with post-treatment change in p-ANCA and CD56dim CD16bright NKs ( p < 0...
April 17, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754328/hbsag-negative-and-anti-hbc-positive-in-eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-a-retrospective-pilot-study
#9
Sang-Won Lee, Do Young Kim, Sang Hoon Ahn, Yong-Beom Park, Kwang-Hyub Han, Jun Yong Park
We examined whether resolved hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection was associated with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV), and affected AAV activity at diagnosis and prognosis during the follow-up. We reviewed the electronic medical records of 153 AAV patients, and included 91 hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-negative patients having results of both antibody to hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc) and surface antigen (anti-HBs). We collected clinical and laboratory data, Birmingham vasculitis activity score (BVAS) and five factor scores (FFS) at diagnosis and relapse rates during the follow-up...
May 12, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740582/anti-high-density-lipoprotein-antibodies-and-antioxidant-dysfunction-in-immune-driven-diseases
#10
Javier Rodríguez-Carrio, Lourdes Mozo, Patricia López, Elena Nikiphorou, Ana Suárez
Introduction: Impaired high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels and antioxidant functionality of HDL, mainly attributed to a decreased paraoxonase-1 (PON1) functionality, have been described in autoimmune conditions. In this setting, a role for humoral response in cardiovascular disease is emerging. This study evaluates the role of immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies against HDL and disease-related autoantibodies on HDL dysfunction in immune-driven diseases. Methods: Serum IgG anti-HDL antibodies, PON1 activity, and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) were quantified in 381 patients with different immune-driven diseases [18 mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD), 35 primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS), 38 systemic sclerosis (SSc), 33 ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV), 60 diabetes mellitus 1, 29 autoimmune B12 deficiency/pernicious anemia, 29 primary biliary cirrhosis, 46 IBD/Crohn, 54 IBD/UC, and 39 celiac disease (CD)] and 138 healthy controls...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733413/urinary-angiotensinogen-an-indicator-of-active-antineutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-associated-glomerulonephritis
#11
Liling Wu, Manqiu Yang, Xiaogang Feng, Lingwei Jin, Chunyi Wu, Shuang Cui, Zhanmei Zhou, Xiaohong Zhong, Meng Shi, Zhichen Yang, Wei Cao
Background: One of the major challenges in improving the management of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated glomerulonephritis (ANCA-GN) is the lack of a disease-specific indicator for histological lesions and disease activity. Here we tested the utility of urinary angiotensinogen (UAGT) as a biomarker of renal disease activity in ANCA-GN. Methods: A prospective, two-stage cohort study was performed in ANCA-GN patients. In Stage I, UAGT was measured at the time of renal biopsy in 69 patients from two centers (test set) and 25 patients from two other centers (validation set)...
May 4, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729450/new-use-for-an-old-treatment-hydroxychloroquine-as-a-potential-treatment-for-systemic-vasculitis
#12
REVIEW
Alina Casian, Shirish Sangle, David P D'Cruz
Antimalarials have been an effective and safe treatment for autoimmune rheumatic diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus for more than a hundred years. There are surprisingly few reports of hydroxychloroquine use in the systemic vasculitides. Hydroxychloroquine has antithrombotic, cardiovascular, antimicrobial and antineoplastic effects, making it a potentially valuable treatment for patients with systemic vasculitis who are at risk of infections, malignancy and thrombotic events. We report the successful use of hydroxychloroquine in patients with ANCA vasculitis, Henoch Schonlein purpura/IgA vasculitis, Takayasu's arteritis and polyarteritis nodosa...
May 2, 2018: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725643/combination-therapy-with-rituximab-and-cyclophosphamide-for-remission-induction-in-anca-vasculitis
#13
Frank B Cortazar, Saif A Muhsin, William F Pendergraft, Zachary S Wallace, Colleen Dunbar, Karen Laliberte, John L Niles
Introduction: Remission induction in antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA) vasculitis may be complicated by slow response to treatment and toxicity from glucocorticoids. We describe outcomes with a novel remission induction regimen combining rituximab with a short course of low-dose, oral cyclophosphamide and an accelerated prednisone taper. Methods: Patients were included in this retrospective study if they had newly diagnosed or relapsing ANCA vasculitis with a Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score for Wegener Granulomatosis (BVAS-WG) ≥3 and received a standardized remission induction regimen...
March 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724730/metabolic-pathways-and-immunometabolism-in-rare-kidney-diseases
#14
Peter C Grayson, Sean Eddy, Jaclyn N Taroni, Yaíma L Lightfoot, Laura Mariani, Hemang Parikh, Maja T Lindenmeyer, Wenjun Ju, Casey S Greene, Brad Godfrey, Clemens D Cohen, Jeffrey Krischer, Matthias Kretzler, Peter A Merkel
OBJECTIVES: To characterise renal tissue metabolic pathway gene expression in different forms of glomerulonephritis. METHODS: Patients with nephrotic syndrome (NS), antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and healthy living donors (LD) were studied. Clinically indicated renal biopsies were obtained at time of diagnosis and microdissected into glomerular and tubulointerstitial compartments. Microarray-derived differential gene expression of 88 genes representing critical enzymes of metabolic pathways and 25 genes related to immune cell markers was compared between disease groups...
May 3, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724729/long-term-efficacy-of-remission-maintenance-regimens-for-anca-associated-vasculitides
#15
Benjamin Terrier, Christian Pagnoux, Élodie Perrodeau, Adexandre Karras, Chahera Khouatra, Olivier Aumaître, Pascal Cohen, Olivier Decaux, Hélène Desmurs-Clavel, François Maurier, Pierre Gobert, Thomas Quémeneur, Claire Blanchard-Delaunay, Bernard Bonnotte, Pierre-Louis Carron, Eric Daugas, Marize Ducret, Pascal Godmer, Mohamed Hamidou, Olivier Lidove, Nicolas Limal, Xavier Puéchal, Luc Mouthon, Philippe Ravaud, Loïc Guillevin
OBJECTIVE: To compare long-term efficacy of remission-maintenance regimens in patients with newly diagnosed or relapsing antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)-associated vasculitides. METHODS: The 28-month Maintenance of Remission using Rituximab in Systemic ANCA-associated Vasculitis trial compared rituximab with azathioprine to maintain remission in patients with newly diagnosed or relapsing granulomatosis with polyangiitis, microscopic polyangiitis or renal-limited ANCA-associated vasculitis...
May 3, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724728/urinary-epidermal-growth-factor-predicts-renal-prognosis-in-antineutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-associated-vasculitis
#16
Liang Wu, Xiao-Qian Li, Tanvi Goyal, Sean Eddy, Matthias Kretzler, Wen-Jun Ju, Min Chen, Ming-Hui Zhao
INTRODUCTION: The current study aimed to investigate the association between urinary epidermal growth factor (uEGF) and renal disease severity and outcomes in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV). METHODS: Intrarenal EGF mRNA expression was extracted from transcriptomic data of microdissected tubulointerstitial compartments of kidney biopsies of patients with AAV. uEGF was measured in 173 patients with AAV in active stage and 143 in remission, and normalised to urine creatinine excretion (uEGF/Cr)...
May 3, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718465/proteinase-3-and-myeloperoxidase-serotype-in-relation-to-demographic-factors-and-geographic-distribution-in-anti-neutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-associated-glomerulonephritis
#17
Maria Weiner, Rune Bjørneklett, Zdenka Hrušková, Bruce Mackinnon, Caroline J Poulton, Leo Sindelar, Aladdin J Mohammad, Per Eriksson, Loreto Gesualdo, Duvuru Geetha, Matija Crnogorac, David Jayne, Susan L Hogan, Colin Geddes, Vladimir Tesar, Knut Aasarød, Mårten Segelmark
Background: In anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated glomerulonephritis, antigen specificity varies between myeloperoxidase (MPO) and proteinase 3 (PR3). This has been reported to vary in relation to age, gender, geography and extrarenal manifestations. However, studies are difficult to compare as criteria for inclusion vary. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between ANCA serotype, latitude, ultraviolet (UV) radiation levels, age, gender and renal function at diagnosis in a large study with uniform inclusion criteria...
April 30, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718391/serologic-reactivity-reflects-clinical-expression-of-ulcerative-colitis-in-children
#18
Elizabeth A Spencer, Sonia M Davis, David R Mack, Brendan M Boyle, Anne M Griffiths, Neal S LeLeiko, Cary G Sauer, David J Keljo, James F Markowitz, Susan S Baker, Joel R Rosh, Robert N Baldassano, Maria Oliva-Hemker, Marian D Pfefferkorn, Anthony R Otley, Melvin B Heyman, Joshua D Noe, Ashish S Patel, Paul A Rufo, M Alison Marquis, Thomas D Walters, Margaret H Collins, Subra Kugathasan, Lee A Denson, Jeffrey S Hyams, Marla C Dubinsky
Background: In contrast to pediatric Crohn's disease (CD), little is known in pediatric ulcerative colitis (UC) about the relationship between disease phenotype and serologic reactivity to microbial and other antigens. Aim: The aim of this study was to examine disease phenotype and serology in a well-characterized inception cohort of children newly diagnosed with UC during the PROTECT Study (Predicting Response to Standardized Pediatric Colitis Therapy). Methods: Patients were recruited from 29 participating centers...
April 30, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716617/focal-dose-escalation-for-prostate-cancer-using-68-ga-hbed-cc-psma-pet-ct-and-mri-a-planning-study-based-on-histology-reference
#19
Constantinos Zamboglou, Benedikt Thomann, Khodor Koubar, Peter Bronsert, Tobias Krauss, Hans C Rischke, Ilias Sachpazidis, Vanessa Drendel, Nasr Salman, Kathrin Reichel, Cordula A Jilg, Martin Werner, Philipp T Meyer, Michael Bock, Dimos Baltas, Anca L Grosu
BACKGROUND: Focal radiation therapy has gained of interest in treatment of patients with primary prostate cancer (PCa). The question of how to define the intraprostatic boost volume is still open. Previous studies showed that multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) or PSMA PET alone could be used for boost volume definition. However, other studies proposed that the combined usage of both has the highest sensitivity in detection of intraprostatic lesions. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility and to evaluate the tumour control probability (TCP) and normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) of radiation therapy dose painting using 68 Ga-HBED-CC PSMA PET/CT, mpMRI or the combination of both in primary PCa...
May 2, 2018: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705877/experimental-evaluation-of-infection-dissemination-and-transmission-rates-for-two-west-nile-virus-strains-in-european-aedes-japonicus-under-a-fluctuating-temperature-regime
#20
Eva Veronesi, Anca Paslaru, Cornelia Silaghi, Kurt Tobler, Uros Glavinic, Paul Torgerson, Alexander Mathis
West Nile virus (WNV) is continuously spreading in Eastern and Southern Europe. However, the extent of vector competence of Aedes japonicus (Theobald, 1901) is controversial. In this work, we elucidated the dynamics of virus growth in this invasive mosquito species. Females of Ae. japonicus were reared from eggs collected in the field in Switzerland and fed on bovine blood spiked with two WNV lineage 1 strains (FIN, Italy; NY99, USA). Fully engorged females were incubated for 14 days under a fluctuating temperature regime of 24 ± 7 °C (average 24 °C), 45-90% relative humidity, which is realistic for a Central European mid-summer day...
April 28, 2018: Parasitology Research
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