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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054935/familial-history-aggregation-on-acute-appendicitis
#1
Francesc Simó Alari, Israel Gutierrez, Judit Gimenéz Pérez
Appendectomy is the most commonly performed surgical procedure, affecting 1%-8% of the paediatric population, with a total 7% lifetime risk, most likely in adolescents and young adults.A case of familial aggregation was reported in our hospital in a family composed of nine siblings from which six of them (66.6%) had been treated of acute appendicitis, five of them in our centre.Many factors have been described as predisposing to appendicitis. Several studies have highlighted the influence of genes in the evolution of this disease and its severity, demonstrating a relative risk increase by three when family history is present...
October 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054340/the-transmission-of-family-food-and-mealtime-practices-from-adolescence-to-adulthood-longitudinal-findings-from-project-eat-iv
#2
Allison Watts, Jerica M Berge, Katie Loth, Nicole Larson, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether family food and mealtime practices experienced in adolescence are carried forward into parenthood. DESIGN: Baseline (Project Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults [EAT]-I) and 15-year follow-up (EAT-IV) survey data from a population-based cohort study (Project EAT). PARTICIPANTS: Cohort members identified as parents at follow-up (n = 727). To gain additional data about the practices of both parents in the household, significant others completed surveys at EAT-IV (n = 380)...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053980/incident-mental-disorders-in-the-aftermath-of-traumatic-events-a-prospective-longitudinal-community-study
#3
Eva Asselmann, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Roselind Lieb, Axel Perkonigg, Katja Beesdo-Baum
BACKGROUND: Few strictly prospective-longitudinal community studies examined the role of traumatic events for risk of developing a broad range of incident mental disorders over several years. METHOD: A representative community sample of adolescents and young adults (n = 2797, baseline age 14-24) was prospectively examined in up to three assessment waves over up to 10 years. Traumatic events and DSM-IV mental disorders were assessed at each wave using the DIA-X/M-CIDI...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053023/n-acetylcysteine-for-nonsuicidal-self-injurious-behavior-in-adolescents-an-open-label-pilot-study
#4
Kathryn R Cullen, Bonnie Klimes-Dougan, Melinda Westlund Schreiner, Patricia Carstedt, Nicholas Marka, Katharine Nelson, Michael J Miller, Kristina Reigstad, Ana Westervelt, Meredith Gunlicks-Stoessel, Lynn E Eberly
BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is common in adolescents and young adults, and few evidence-based treatments are available for this significant problem. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is a widely available nutritional supplement that has been studied in some psychiatric disorders relevant to NSSI including mood and addictive disorders. This pilot study tested the use of NAC as a potential treatment for NSSI in youth. METHODS: Thirty-five female adolescents and young adults with NSSI aged 13-21 years were enrolled in this study that had an open-label, single-arm study design...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052865/research-review-is-anxiety-associated-with-negative-interpretations-of-ambiguity-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Suzannah Stuijfzand, Cathy Creswell, Andy P Field, Samantha Pearcey, Helen Dodd
BACKGROUND: The tendency to interpret ambiguity as threat (negative interpretation) has been implicated in cognitive models of anxiety. A significant body of research has examined the association between anxiety and negative interpretation, and reviews suggest there is a robust positive association in adults. However, evidence with children and adolescents has been inconsistent. This study aimed to provide a systematic quantitative assessment of the association between anxiety and negative interpretation in children and adolescents...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052036/rapidly-increasing-incidence-in-scoliosis-surgery-over-14%C3%A2-years-in-a-nationwide-sample
#6
Johan von Heideken, Maura D Iversen, Paul Gerdhem
PURPOSE: Severe scoliosis is primarily managed with surgery. This cohort study describes the incidence of surgically treated scoliosis among Swedish youth and young adults, stratified by age, sex, scoliosis type, and surgical approach and identifies changes in incidence rate and hospital length of stay (LOS), infections requiring re-surgery and mortality within 90 days. METHODS: Swedish youth, 0-21 years, (n = 3062) with a diagnostic code for scoliosis and spine surgery between 2000 and 2013 were selected from the National Patient Register...
October 19, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050690/how-should-we-treat-the-aya-patient-with-newly-diagnosed-all
#7
REVIEW
Nicolas Boissel
Adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) are recognized as a unique population with specific characteristics and needs. In adolescents aged 15-20 years old, the use of full paediatric protocols is supported by many comparative studies of paediatric and adult cooperative groups. In young adults, growing evidence suggests that paediatric-inspired approaches may also improve outcomes and lead to long-term survival rates of almost 70%. In the last decade, better knowledge of ALL oncogenic landscape, age distribution, and minimal residual disease prognostic impact have improved risk stratification...
September 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050505/late-onset-adhd-reconsidered-with-comprehensive-repeated-assessments-between-ages-10-and-25
#8
Margaret H Sibley, Luis A Rohde, James M Swanson, Lily T Hechtman, Brooke S G Molina, John T Mitchell, L Eugene Arnold, Arthur Caye, Traci M Kennedy, Arunima Roy, Annamarie Stehli
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents and young adults without childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often present to clinics seeking stimulant medication for late-onset ADHD symptoms. Recent birth-cohort studies support the notion of late-onset ADHD, but these investigations are limited by relying on screening instruments to assess ADHD, not considering alternative causes of symptoms, or failing to obtain complete psychiatric histories. The authors address these limitations by examining psychiatric assessments administered longitudinally to the local normative comparison group of the Multimodal Treatment Study of ADHD...
October 20, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049858/adolescents-and-young-adults-with-brain-tumors-in-the-context-of-molecular-advances-in-neuro-oncology
#9
REVIEW
Michal Zapotocky, Vijay Ramaswamy, Alvaro Lassaletta, Eric Bouffet
Adolescents and young adults (AYA) comprise a specific group of oncology patients with a distinct biological and epidemiological spectrum of central nervous system neoplasms. It has been well documented that they differ clinically, especially in relation to prognosis and chemotherapy tolerance; however, the underlying reasons for this are unclear. Recent advances in the genomics of both childhood and adult brain tumors have provided new explanations and insights into the previously described age-dependent heterogeneity...
October 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049671/application-of-a-discrete-choice-experiment-to-assess-adherence-related-motivation-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer
#10
Meghan E McGrady, Lisa A Prosser, Aimee N Thompson, Ahna L H Pai
To develop and pilot test a discrete choice experiment (DCE) to assess the specific factors likely to motivate a given adolescent or young adult with cancer to adhere to medications included in treatment protocols. A multimethod and iterative approach was used. Twenty adolescents and young adults with cancer participated in DCE pilot testing and refinement. Hierarchical Bayes was used to estimate attribute and attribute-level preference scores for each participant. The final DCE included nine choice sets composed of four attributes...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049584/association-of-insulin-pump-therapy-vs-insulin-injection-therapy-with-severe-hypoglycemia-ketoacidosis-and-glycemic-control-among-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#11
Beate Karges, Anke Schwandt, Bettina Heidtmann, Olga Kordonouri, Elisabeth Binder, Ulrike Schierloh, Claudia Boettcher, Thomas Kapellen, Joachim Rosenbauer, Reinhard W Holl
Importance: Insulin pump therapy may improve metabolic control in young patients with type 1 diabetes, but the association with short-term diabetes complications is unclear. Objective: To determine whether rates of severe hypoglycemia and diabetic ketoacidosis are lower with insulin pump therapy compared with insulin injection therapy in children, adolescents, and young adults with type 1 diabetes. Design, Setting, and Participants: Population-based cohort study conducted between January 2011 and December 2015 in 446 diabetes centers participating in the Diabetes Prospective Follow-up Initiative in Germany, Austria, and Luxembourg...
October 10, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048966/text-messaging-for-improving-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-no-effects-after-1-year-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#12
Sebastian Linnemayr, Haijing Huang, Jill Luoto, Andrew Kambugu, Harsha Thirumurthy, Jessica Haberer, Glenn Wagner, Barbara Mukasa
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of Short Message Service (SMS) reminder messages on antiretroviral and cotrimoxazole prophylaxis adherence among HIV-positive youths as well as the relative effectiveness of SMS with and without a response option. METHODS: Eligible HIV-positive patients aged 15 to 22 years at 2 HIV clinics in Kampala, Uganda, participated in a year-long parallel individual-randomized controlled trial and were assigned in a 1-to-1-to-1 ratio to a weekly SMS message group, weekly SMS message with response option group, or a usual-care control group...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048938/cybercrime-victimization-and-subjective-well-being-an-examination-of-the-buffering-effect-hypothesis-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#13
Markus Kaakinen, Teo Keipi, Pekka Räsänen, Atte Oksanen
The wealth of beneficial tools for online interaction, consumption, and access to others also bring new risks for harmful experiences online. This study examines the association between cybercrime victimization and subjective well-being (SWB) and, based on the buffering effect hypothesis, tests the assumption of the protective function of social belonging in cybercrime victimization. Cross-national data from the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and Finland (N = 3,557; Internet users aged 15-30 years; 49...
October 19, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048771/catecholaminergic-polymorphic-ventricular-tachycardia-an-update
#14
REVIEW
Andrés R Pérez-Riera, Raimundo Barbosa-Barros, Marianne P C de Rezende Barbosa, Rodrigo Daminello-Raimundo, Augusto A de Lucca, Luiz C de Abreu
Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia is a rare devastating lethal inherited disorder or sporadic cardiac ion channelopathy characterized by unexplained syncopal episodes, and/or sudden cardiac death (SCD), aborted SCD (ASCD), or sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) observed in children, adolescents, and young adults without structural heart disease, consequence of adrenergically mediated arrhythmias: exercise-induced, by acute emotional stress, atrial pacing, or β-stimulant infusion, even when the electrocardiogram is normal...
October 19, 2017: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048340/helping-health-services-to-meet-the-needs-of-young-people-with-chronic-conditions-towards-a-developmental-model-for-transition
#15
REVIEW
Albert Farre, Janet E McDonagh
The transition to adult healthcare has been the subject of increased research and policy attention over many years. However, unmet needs of adolescent and young adults (AYAs) and their families continue to be documented, and universal implementation has yet to be realised. Therefore, it is pertinent to re-examine health transition in light of the principles of adolescent medicine from which it emerged, and consider this particular life transition in terms of a developmental milestone rather than a negotiation of structural boundaries between child and adult services...
October 19, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046043/introduction-to-the-special-issue-on-adolescent-and-young-adult-health-why-we-care-how-far-we-have-come-and-where-we-are-going
#16
Katie A Devine, Maureen Monaghan, Lisa A Schwartz
This special issue on adolescent and young adult (AYA) health comprises 15 original articles. The special issue recognizes the importance of AYA-focused research, highlights unique issues across the AYA period, and showcases cutting-edge research focused on AYAs. We describe the rationale for focusing on the AYA population, themes of the special issue, and future directions.
October 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046042/commentary-the-science-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-health-a-growing-field-and-the-team-science-behind-it
#17
Lisa K Tuchman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046041/development-and-content-validation-of-the-transition-readiness-inventory-item-pool-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancer
#18
Lisa A Schwartz, Jessica L Hamilton, Lauren D Brumley, Lamia P Barakat, Janet A Deatrick, Dava E Szalda, Katherine B Bevans, Carole A Tucker, Lauren C Daniel, Eliana Butler, Anne E Kazak, Wendy L Hobbie, Jill P Ginsberg, Alexandra M Psihogios, Elizabeth Ver Hoeve, Lisa K Tuchman
Objective: The development of the Transition Readiness Inventory (TRI) item pool for adolescent and young adult childhood cancer survivors is described, aiming to both advance transition research and provide an example of the application of NIH Patient Reported Outcomes Information System methods. Methods: Using rigorous measurement development methods including mixed methods, patient and parent versions of the TRI item pool were created based on the Social-ecological Model of Adolescent and young adult Readiness for Transition (SMART)...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046039/topical-review-transitional-services-for-teens-and-young-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-process-map-and-proposed-model-to-overcoming-barriers-to-care
#19
Jason M Fogler, David Burke, James Lynch, William J Barbaresi, Eugenia Chan
Objective: To provide a topical review of the personal vulnerabilities and systemic barriers facing transitional age young adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), followed by a proposed model for overcoming those barriers. Methods: Drawing from a growing, but limited, literature on the topic, we outline a process map for identifying and troubleshooting barriers to care in this at-risk population. Results: Young adults with ADHD frequently lack the organizational skills, time management, prioritization, and persistence to manage their health care at an expected level of adult independence...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044769/human-papillomavirus-vaccination-of-adult-women-and-risk-of-autoimmune-and-neurological-diseases
#20
A Hviid, H Svanström, N M Scheller, O Grönlund, B Pasternak, L Arnheim-Dahlström
BACKGROUND: Since 2006, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines have been introduced in many countries worldwide. Whilst safety studies have been reassuring, focus has been on the primary target group, the young adolescent girls. However, it is also important to evaluate safety in adult women where background disease rates and safety issues could differ significantly. OBJECTIVE: We took advantage of the unique Danish and Swedish nationwide healthcare registers to conduct a cohort study comparing incidence rate ratios (RRs) of 45 preselected serious chronic diseases in quadrivalent HPV (qHPV)-vaccinated and qHPV-unvaccinated adult women 18-44 years of age...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
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