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Adolescent young adult

Jessica Y Shim, Jessica M Madrigal, Juan Aparicio, Ashlesha Patel
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of anemia among female adolescents and young adults seeking abortion care at a county hospital, and to determine its associated factors. DESIGN: A cross-sectional retrospective study. SETTING: John H. Stroger, Jr. Hospital of Cook County, Chicago, IL. PARTICIPANTS: 2,916 young females (ages 11 to 24 years) who underwent first trimester medical or surgical termination in 2016...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Hana F Zickgraf, Anjeli Elkins
This study explores the relationships among anxiety, sensitivity to sensory stimuli, and picky eating (PE). An earlier study in 95 children ages 5-10 found that sensory sensitivity fully mediated the relationship between anxiety and picky eating. We replicated this finding in a sample of 158 children, ages 8-17, and in 813 young adult college students. As in the previous child sample, the relationship between anxiety and picky eating appears to be mediated by sensory sensitivity. This relationship extends into adolescence and young adulthood and holds even in a sample of children with obsessive-compulsive-spectrum and anxiety disorders...
June 18, 2018: Appetite
Marc A Pitasi, Kevin P Delaney, Emeka Oraka, Heather Bradley, Elizabeth A DiNenno, John T Brooks, Joseph Prejean
Since 2006, CDC has recommended routine screening of all persons aged 13-64 years for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and at least annual rescreening of persons at higher risk (1). However, national surveillance data indicate that many persons at higher risk for HIV infection are not screened annually, and delays in diagnosis persist (2). CDC analyzed 2006-2016 data from the General Social Survey (GSS)* and estimated that only 39.6% of noninstitutionalized U.S. adults had ever tested for HIV. Among persons ever tested, the estimated median interval since last test was 1,080 days or almost 3 years...
June 22, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Kelly N Jahn, Mishaela DiNino, Julie G Arenberg
OBJECTIVES: Channel interaction, the stimulation of overlapping populations of auditory neurons by distinct cochlear implant (CI) channels, likely limits the speech perception performance of CI users. This study examined the role of vocoder-simulated channel interaction in the ability of children with normal hearing (cNH) and adults with normal hearing (aNH) to recognize spectrally degraded speech. The primary aim was to determine the interaction between number of processing channels and degree of simulated channel interaction on phoneme identification performance as a function of age for cNH and to relate those findings to aNH and to CI users...
June 20, 2018: Ear and Hearing
Natalie Merrill, Jordan A Booker, Robyn Fivush
Family stories help shape identity and provide a foundation for navigating life events during adolescence and early adulthood. However, little research examines the types of stories passed onto adolescents and emerging adults, the extent to which these stories are retained and accessible, and the potentially influential parental- and self-identity content constructed in telling these stories. Across three samples, we investigate the accessibility and functions of intergenerational narratives that adolescents and emerging adults know of their parents...
June 21, 2018: Topics in Cognitive Science
James W Varni, Alan M Delamater, Korey K Hood, Kimberly A Driscoll, Jenise C Wong, Saleh Adi, Joyce P Yi-Frazier, Ellen K Grishman, Melissa A Faith, Sarah D Corathers, Jessica C Kichler, Jennifer L Miller, Jennifer K Raymond, Elena M Doskey, Vincent Aguirre, Robert W Heffer, Don P Wilson
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to investigate the mediating effects of diabetes management in the relationship between diabetes symptoms and generic health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adolescents and young adults (AYA) with type 1 diabetes. The secondary objective explored patient health communication and perceived treatment adherence barriers as mediators in a serial multiple mediator model. METHODS: The PedsQL 3.2 Diabetes Module 15-item Diabetes Symptoms Summary Score, 18-item Diabetes Management Summary Score and PedsQL 4...
June 21, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
Erin M Mobley, Kristin J Foster, William W Terry
PURPOSE: In an effort to counteract the differences in improvement in survival rates of adolescents and young adults (AYA), compared to other age groups with cancer, the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics established an AYA cancer program. This study was conducted to gather feedback from AYAs in an effort to generate actionable data for program development. METHODS: The target population included patients aged 13-31 treated for malignancy in one of the following disease sites: central nervous system, leukemia, lymphoma, neuroendocrine, sarcoma, and thyroid...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Ilana R Yurkiewicz, Pamela Simon, Michaela Liedtke, Gary Dahl, Tamara Dunn
PURPOSE: Adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients with cancer face significant challenges with regard to fatigue, reduced physical activity, and social isolation, which may negatively impact quality of life. This study investigated whether the use of digital wearable technology (Fitbits, along with synced iPads) can affect health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in AYA aged patients with cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study that offered Fitbits and iPads to all AYA patients aged 15 to 29 at an academic medical center at the time of cancer diagnosis...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Katharina Roser, Julia Baenziger, Luzius Mader, Salome Christen, Silvia Dehler, Gisela Michel
PURPOSE: The aim was to study follow-up care attendance in adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors to investigate: (1) correlates of the intention to attend follow-up care and (2) whether the intention is associated with the actual attendance, applying the theory of planned behavior (TPB). METHODS: We conducted a questionnaire survey in AYA cancer survivors diagnosed 1990-2005 at age 16-25 years, registered in the Cancer Registry Zurich and Zug, Switzerland, who had survived at least 5 years...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Sapna Kaul, Heidi Russell, John A Livingston, Anne C Kirchhoff, Daniel Jupiter
PURPOSE: Limited information exists on emergency department (ED) visits for adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients with cancer. We examined the clinical reasons for ED visits, and outcomes, for AYAs with cancer compared to pediatric cancer patients. METHODS: The 2013 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample data were used to identify 53,274 AYA (ages 15-39) and 6952 pediatric (ages 0-14) cancer ED visits. We evaluated patient (i.e., demographic and diagnosis) and hospital characteristics, and the ED event outcome (admitted to the same hospital or treated/released)...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Natalia Rusnac, Florence Spitzenstetter, Patricia Tassi
BACKGROUND: Many adolescents and young adults get insufficient sleep. A link between sleep loss and risk-taking behavior has been consistently found in the literature, but surprisingly, the role played by the origin of sleep loss in this link has never been investigated. Sleep loss can be voluntary (instead of sleeping, a significant amount of time is devoted to other activities) or involuntary (caused by a sleep disorder, for example, insomnia). The aim of this research was to investigate whether both types of sleep loss are associated to the same extent with risky behavior...
June 20, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Marjan Ghofrani, Lida Nikfarid, Manijheh Nourian, Maliheh Nasiri, Mahindokhat Saiadynia
PURPOSE: In this study, we aim to assess types and levels of psychosocial needs in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) who have a parent with cancer. And define and describe the variables analyzing the demographic characteristics. METHODS: This descriptive study with cross-sectional design was conducted on 217 participants from five hospitals in Tehran. By use of the "Offspring Cancer Needs Instrument," in adolescents and young adults who had the inclusion criteria, information about the psychosocial needs were collected...
June 19, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Toan Thanh Thi Do, Mai Dinh Le, Thanh Van Nguyen, Bach Xuan Tran, Huong Thi Le, Hinh Duc Nguyen, Long Hoang Nguyen, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Tho Dinh Tran, Carl A Latkin, Roger C M Ho, Melvyn W B Zhang
BACKGROUND: As smartphone becomes increasingly prevalent and affordable, more youths today can own a smartphone device and download applications in various application stores. Smartphone applications have been proven to be useful for youths in various aspects. However, there has been a paucity of data looking into the preferences of Vietnamese youths and adolescents with regards to health-related applications and their receptiveness towards smartphone apps. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the receptiveness and preferences of health-related smartphone applications (mHealth apps) among online Vietnamese youths and adolescents...
June 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
Sheila S McThenia, Jawhar Rawwas, Jennifer L Oliveira, Shakila P Khan, Vilmarie Rodriguez
HSTCL is a highly aggressive malignancy with a poor prognosis. Case series and accounts have reported the use of different chemotherapy regimens with diverse patient outcomes. Most long-term survivors had undergone high-dose chemotherapy with autologous or allogeneic HCT. We describe two pediatric patients with HSTCL who were treated with chemotherapy followed by allogeneic HCT. Both patients are alive and in complete remission 2 and 8 years after therapy. Multiagent chemotherapy followed with allogeneic HCT seems to provide patients who have chemotherapy-sensitive disease a long-term disease-free survival...
June 19, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
Caitlin S Sayegh, Jacqueline R Szmuszkovicz, Jondavid Menteer, Sara Sherer, Daniel Thomas, Rachel Lestz, Marvin Belzer
For many adolescent and young adult solid organ transplant recipients, medication non-adherence is a mortal issue. This study investigated the feasibility, acceptability, and potential efficacy of a 12-week cell phone support intervention to improve immunosuppressant medication adherence. A small sample (N = 8) of non-adherent adolescent and young adult transplant recipients, aged 15-20.5 years, was enrolled. Cell phone support consisted of short calls each weekday including medication reminders, discussion of needs, problem-solving support, and promotion of clinic and community resources...
June 19, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
Florian Labhart, Michael Livingston, Rutger Engels, Emmanuel Kuntsche
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The threshold of 4+/5+ drinks per occasion has been used for decades in alcohol research to distinguish between non-risky vs. risky episodic drinking. However, no study has assessed the validity of this threshold using event-level data. This study aimed to determine the optimal thresholds for the detection of five acute alcohol-related consequences (hangover, blackout, risky sex, fights and injury) using data from two event-level studies. DESIGN: An event-level study to assess the ability to use the number of drinks consumed to discriminate between nights with and without consequences using the area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curve...
June 19, 2018: Addiction
Samuel Clifton Willimon, Michael T Busch, Crystal A Perkins
BACKGROUND: Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a benign proliferative synovial disorder most commonly described in adults. The purpose of this study is to describe the presentation and management of a large single-center series of pediatric patients with PVNS of the knee. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of consecutive pediatric patients treated for PVNS at a single institution from 2001 to 2016. Inclusion criteria were patients below 20 years of age with surgical treatment of histologically proven PVNS of the knee...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Lily Rothschild-Yakar, Merav Peled, Adi Enoch-Levy, Eitan Gur, Daniel Stein
BACKGROUND: We examined the relationship between general ability of mentalization, the specific aspect of affective mentalizing of self and others, emotion regulation strategies, and eating disorder (ED) symptoms. METHOD: Twenty-five female adolescent and young adult inpatients with EDs, and 22 healthy subjects, were administered a semi-structured interview - the Reflective Function (RF) scale, self-rating scales assessing alexithymia, emotion regulation, depression and ED symptomatology, and a neurocognitive measure assessing Theory of Mind...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Greta Di Mattia, Ambra Nicolai, Antonella Frassanito, Laura Petrarca, Raffaella Nenna, Fabio Midulla
In the last twenty years, despite high vaccination coverage, epidemics of pertussis are occurring in both developing and developed countries. Many reasons could explain the pertussis resurgence: the increasing awareness of the disease, the availability of new diagnostic tests with higher sensitivity, the emergence of new Bordetella pertussis (B. pertussis) strains different from those contained in the current vaccines, the asymptomatic transmission of B. pertussis in adolescents and adults and the shorter duration of protection given by the acellular pertussis (aP) vaccine...
May 19, 2018: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
Jean-Baptiste Gourraud, Paul Khairy, Sylvia Abadir, Rafik Tadros, Julia Cadrin-Tourigny, Laurent Macle, Katia Dyrda, Blandine Mondesert, Marc Dubuc, Peter G Guerra, Bernard Thibault, Denis Roy, Mario Talajic, Lena Rivard
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most frequent arrhythmia worldwide. While mostly seen in elderly, it can also affect young adults (≤45 years of age), older adolescent and children. Areas covered: The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the current management of AF in young patients. Specific issues arise over diagnostic workup as well as antiarrhythmic and anticoagulation therapies. The future management and diagnostic strategies are also discussed. Expert commentary: Management of AF in the young adult is largely extrapolated from adult studies and guidelines...
June 18, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
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