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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234553/gait-deficits-under-dual-task-conditions-in-the-concussed-adolescent-and-young-athlete-population-a-systematic-review
#1
Larisa Grants, Bailey Powell, Cody Gessel, Faith Hiser, Amy Hassen
Background: There are no current sport concussion assessments that capture the effects of dual-task conditions on gait. Multiple studies have evaluated changes, but none have comprehensively examined literature related to the adolescent and young adult population.Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review is to synthesize documented changes in gait under dual-task conditions in adolescents and young adults after sustaining a concussion.Study Design: Systematic Review. Methods: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) was consulted to guide this systematic review...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233201/intergenerational-transmission-of-violence-the-mediating-role-of-adolescent-psychopathology-symptoms
#2
Sabina Low, Stacey S Tiberio, Joann Wu Shortt, Carrie Mulford, J Mark Eddy, Deborah M Capaldi
Evidence on the intergenerational continuity of intimate partner violence (IPV) suggests small to moderate associations between childhood exposure and young adult IPV involvement, suggesting an indirect effects model. Yet, few prospective studies have formally tested meditational mechanisms. The current study tested a prospective (over 9 years) moderated-mediational model in which adolescent psychopathology symptoms (i.e., internalizing, externalizing, and combined) mediated the association between exposure to IPV in middle childhood and young adult IPV perpetration...
December 13, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231956/gender-diversity-sexual-orientation-and-bone-health-in-the-maturing-dancer
#3
REVIEW
Derrick D Brown
Gender identity forms an important aspect of still developing youths. Gender is traditionally classified into two distinct categories, female and male. Transgender is a general term that describes individuals who self-identity as male, female, both, or neither (i.e., gender fluid) and do not match the assigned at-birth gender. Adolescent transgender individuals are currently a marginal population. There are limited demographics on youths, but as of 2014 an estimate of 1.4 million adults in the USA identified as transgender...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230802/measurement-properties-of-instruments-that-assess-participation-in-young-people-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Francesca Lami, Kristine Egberts, Alexandra Ure, Rowena Conroy, Katrina Williams
AIM: To systematically review the measurement properties of instruments assessing participation in young people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHOD: A search was performed in MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and PubMed combining three constructs ('ASD', 'test of participation', 'measurement properties'). Results were restricted to articles including people aged 6 to 29 years. The 2539 identified articles were independently screened by two reviewers. For the included articles, data were extracted using standard forms and their risk of bias was assessed...
December 12, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229172/self-management-and-health-care-transition-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-chronic-kidney-disease-medical-and-psychosocial-considerations
#5
REVIEW
Maria E Díaz-González de Ferris, Marta Del Villar-Vilchis, Ricardo Guerrero, Victor M Barajas-Valencia, Emily B Vander-Schaaf, Alexandre de Pomposo, Mara Medeiros, Eniko Rak, Guillermo Cantu-Quintanilla, Rupesh Raina, Ana C Alvarez-Elias
Health care transition (HCT) is a process that requires preparation as a continuum from pediatric- to adult-focused services. For adolescents and young adults with chronic or ESRD, this process can be prolonged due to their physical, psychological, family, or ecological factors. HCT preparation is a matter of patient safety and patient rights as the consequences of poor preparation at the time of transfer to adult-focused services are great, including rejection of organs, disease relapse, or even death. We present a case to illustrate important points of HCT preparation, with suggestions for intervention by the interdisciplinary team members who serve (and will serve) these survivors of pediatric-onset health conditions...
November 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229016/sequences-of-maladaptation-preadolescent-self-regulation-adolescent-negative-social-interactions-and-young-adult-psychopathology
#6
Odilia M Laceulle, René Veenstra, Wilma A M Vollebergh, Johan Ormel
This study aims to test whether adolescent negative social interactions mediate the relation between early adolescent self-regulatory capacities and young adult psychopathology, using a fully prospective mediation model. Data were derived from the Tracking Adolescents' Individual Lives Survey, a large population cohort of Dutch adolescents (n = 962). At age 11, three indicators of self-regulation were assessed: low frustration, high effortful control, and high response inhibition. Negative social interactions between ages 11 and 22 were captured twice using the Event History Calendar...
December 12, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228982/electroconvulsive-therapy-for-manic-state-with-mixed-and-psychotic-features-in-a-teenager-with-bipolar-disorder-and-comorbid-episodic-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-case-report
#7
Olof Rask, Klara Suneson, Eva Holmström, Beata Bäckström, Björn Axel Johansson
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity of bipolar disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder is common in adolescence. Obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms may be episodic and secondary to alterations in mood, and display specific features. Management of pediatric bipolar disorder-obsessive-compulsive disorder is challenging, as pharmacotherapy of obsessive-compulsive disorder may induce or exacerbate manic episodes and there is limited evidence of treatment efficacy. Electroconvulsive therapy is sparsely used in children and adolescents, but is documented to be a safe and efficacious intervention in adults with bipolar disorder...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228437/shisha-smoking-impact-on-cognitive-functions-impairments-in-healthy-adults
#8
S A Meo, S Bashir, Z Almubarak, Y Alsubaie, H Almutawa
OBJECTIVE: Shisha smoking is becoming highly prevalent and is a predominant mode of tobacco use particularly amongst the young generation around the globe. This study aims to investigate whether or not shisha smoking impairs the cognitive functioning in adolescents. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We recruited 65 (32 control subjects and 33 shisha smokers) apparently healthy male volunteers. The first group consisted of 33 volunteer male shisha smoker subjects with mean age 24...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227837/even-in-early-childhood-offspring-alcohol-expectancies-correspond-to-parental-drinking
#9
Emmanuel Kuntsche, Sandra Kuntsche
BACKGROUND: Research has found that children as young as preschoolers have an idea about the valence (positive vs. negative) and activation (arousal vs. sedation) of emotional change when adults drink alcohol. The development of alcohol expectancies at such a young age may be due to observed parental alcohol use. METHODS: Three measures of alcohol use (frequency, quantity and binge drinking) assessed among 115 fathers and 149 mothers were correlated with four alcohol expectancy factors (crossing valence and activation) of their offspring, aged three to six (70 boys and 82 girls)...
December 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227462/psychiatric-disorders-antiretroviral-medication-adherence-and-viremia-in-a-cohort-of-perinatally-hiv-infected-adolescents-and-young-adults
#10
Amelia Bucek, Cheng-Shiun Leu, Stephanie Benson, Patricia Warne, Elaine J Abrams, Katherine S Elkington, Curtis Dolezal, Andrew Wiznia, Claude Ann Mellins
BACKGROUND: Perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV+) adolescents and young adults (AYA) are at risk for sub-optimal antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, and mental health and substance use problems that, in HIV-infected adults, predict non-adherence. Studies on the relationship between psychiatric and substance use disorders (SUD) and adherence among PHIV+ AYA are limited, but may be important to informing evidence-based interventions to promote adherence. METHODS: Data were analyzed from three annual follow-up interviews (FU2-4, N=179) in a longitudinal study of PHIV+ AYA...
December 8, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226701/parental-happiness-and-strain-among-young-adult-parents-diagnosed-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#11
Rhiannon A Kroeger
This study used data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) to examine whether young adult parents diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder experience less parental happiness and/or more parental strain than their counterparts not diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Results from logistic regression models indicated that young adult parents ever diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder have significantly greater odds of feeling overwhelmed as parents and significantly lower odds of feeling close to their children or happy in their role as parents compared to those never diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225394/parents-and-partners-moderating-and-mediating-influences-on-intimate-partner-violence-across-adolescence-and-young-adulthood
#12
Angela M Kaufman-Parks, Alfred DeMaris, Peggy C Giordano, Wendy D Manning, Monica A Longmore
Prior work examining intimate partner violence (IPV) among young adults often has emphasized familial characteristics, such as parent-child physical aggression (PCPA), and romantic relationship dynamics, such as jealousy and controlling behaviors, but has not considered these two domains simultaneously. Likewise, research examining how these two domains affect IPV perpetration over time for young adults is still limited. Using five waves of data from the Toledo Adolescent Relationships Study (N = 950), the present study examined the influence of parent-child relationship factors and romantic relationship dynamics in both their main and interactive effects on IPV perpetration spanning adolescence through young adulthood...
December 2017: Journal of Social and Personal Relationships
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223798/self-reported-volitional-control-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-from-a-community-cohort-associations-with-current-past-and-future-mental-disorders
#13
Eva Asselmann, Kevin Hilbert, Jana Hoyer, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Roselind Lieb, Gerhard Bühringer, Katja Beesdo-Baum
Alterations in volitional control have been found for various mental disorders. However, it remains unclear to which degree such alterations vary by type of psychopathology and constitute preceding vulnerabilities or correlates of mental disorders. DSM-IV mental disorders were assessed among adolescents and young adults from the community at baseline (age 14-24) and in up to 3 follow-up assessments over 10 years (n = 2515) using a standardized diagnostic interview (DIA-X/M-CIDI). Self-reported volitional control was assessed at second follow-up (T2) when subjects were aged 17-28 using the German version of the Short Form of the Volitional Components Inventory...
November 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223597/missed-opportunities-for-hpv-immunization-among-young-adult-women
#14
Carlos R Oliveira, Robert M Rock, Eugene D Shapiro, Xiao Xu, Lisbet Lundsberg, Liye B Zhang, Aileen Gariepy, Jessica L Illuzzi, Sangini S Sheth
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of a safe and efficacious vaccine against HPV, uptake of the vaccine in the United States is low. Missed clinical opportunities to recommend and to administer HPV vaccine are considered one of the most important reasons for its low uptake in adolescents, however, little is known about the frequency or characteristics of missed opportunities in the young adult (18-26 years of age) population. OBJECTIVES: To assess both the rates of and the factors associated with missed opportunities for HPV immunization among young adult women who attended an urban obstetrics and gynecology clinic...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223006/the-temple-star-transitional-model-of-care-for-epilepsy-the-outcome-of-a-quality-improvement-project
#15
Suzanne L Crowley, Susan Byrne, Sandra McNulty, Kim Keating, Therese Nestor, Yvonne Owen, Declan O'Rourke, Bryan Lynch, Amre Shahwan, Mary D King
OBJECTIVE: The aim and objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and views of parents on transitional and adolescent care in young adults with epilepsy, and to develop a transitional and adolescent program for epilepsy. METHODS: Data were collected from questionnaires completed by parents during focus groups exploring transitional care and inherent issues for young adults, aged 12-18years, with epilepsy. The questionnaire assessed the current knowledge and views of parents of children with epilepsy on transitional care, and following a presentation on "Transition in Epilepsy" (including themes such as self-advocacy, independent healthcare behavior, sexual health, psychosocial support, educational and vocational planning, health and lifestyle issues) assessed feedback on the proposed model of care in transitional and adolescent care...
December 6, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222598/information-needs-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-and-their-parent-carers
#16
Maria C McCarthy, Robyn McNeil, Sarah Drew, Lisa Orme, Susan M Sawyer
PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore health-related information needs of adolescent and young adults (AYAs) and their parent-carers and to examine demographic and clinical variables associated with unmet information needs, including patient activation. METHODS: In a national cross-sectional study, 196 Australian AYAs diagnosed with cancer between 15 and 25 years and within 24 months of diagnosis and 204 parent-carers reported on total and unmet needs for cancer and health-related information...
December 8, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222270/primary-mediastinal-b-cell-lymphoma-biology-and-evolving-therapeutic-strategies
#17
REVIEW
Kieron Dunleavy
Primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL) is recognized as a distinct clinicopathologic entity that predominantly affects adolescents and young adults and is more common in female subjects. Although PMBCL is considered to be a subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, its clinical, morphologic, and biological characteristics overlap significantly with those of nodular sclerosing Hodgkin lymphoma (NSHL). Over the past few years, the shared biology of these 2 entities has been highlighted in several studies, and mediastinal gray zone lymphoma, with features intermediate between PMBCL and NSHL, has been recognized as a unique molecular entity...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221833/giving-others-the-option-of-choice-an-fmri-study-on-low-cost-cooperation
#18
Imke L J Lemmers-Jansen, Lydia Krabbendam, David M Amodio, Niels J Van Doesum, Dick J Veltman, Paul A M Van Lange
Successful social relationships require a consideration of a partner's thoughts and intentions. This aspect of social life is captured in the social mindfulness paradigm (SoMi task), in which participants make decisions that either limit or preserve options for their interaction partner's subsequent choice. Here we investigated the neural correlates of spontaneous socially mindful and unmindful behaviours. Functional magnetic resonance data were acquired from 47 healthy adolescents and young adults (age 16-27) as they completed the SoMi task...
December 5, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220355/adults-with-patellofemoral-pain-do-not-exhibit-manifestations-of-peripheral-and-central-sensitization-when-compared-to-healthy-pain-free-age-and-sex-matched-controls-an-assessor-blinded-cross-sectional-study
#19
Michael Skovdal Rathleff, Camilla Rams Rathleff, Aoife Stephenson, Rebecca Mellor, Mark Matthews, Kay Crossley, Bill Vicenzino
Patellofemoral Pain (PFP) is highly prevalent among adults and adolescents. Localized mechanical hyperalgesia around the knee and tibialis anterior have been observed in people with PFP, but limited knowledge of potential manifestations of central sensitisation exists. The aims of this study were to study conditioned pain modulation (CPM) and wide-spread hyperalgesia in adults with PFP. This assessor-blinded cross-sectional study design compared CPM and mechanical pressure pain thresholds (PPT) between 33 adults (23 females) diagnosed with PFP and 32 age and sex matched pain-free controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218748/adolescent-non-drinkers-who-are-they-social-relations-school-performance-lifestyle-factors-and-health-behaviours
#20
Peter Larm, Cecilia Åslund, Jonas Raninen, Kent W Nilsson
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Traditionally, non-drinking adults or young adults have been associated with health deficits rather than health benefits. However, as the proportion of Swedish non-drinking adolescents has doubled since 2000, their health profiles are of interest. The aim of the present study is to examine whether social relations, school characteristics, lifestyle factors or health behaviours distinguish adolescent non-drinkers from adolescent drinkers, and if their health profiles have changed from 2004 to 2012...
December 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
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