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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528247/china-medical-team-medical-rescue-for-4-25-nepal-earthquake
#1
REVIEW
Xi Lin, Ke-Jia Liu, Yong-Gui Zhang, Yang Dan, Dian-Guo Xing, Li Chen, Ding-Yuan Du
In recent years, global natural disasters have been frequent and resulted in great casualties and property loss. Since Wenchuan earthquake, the disaster emergency rescue system of China has obtained considerable development in various aspects including team construction, task scheduling, personnel training, facilities and equipments, logistics, etc. On April 25, 2015, an earthquake that measured 8.1 on the Richter scale attacked Nepal. Chinese government firstly organized a medical team, named China Medical Team, and sent it to the attacked region in Nepal to implement medical rescue...
April 26, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525808/characterization-of-post-disaster-environmental-management-for-hazardous-materials-incidents-lessons-learnt-from-the-tianjin-warehouse-explosion-china
#2
Hui Zhang, Huabo Duan, Jian Zuo, MingWei Song, Yukui Zhang, Bo Yang, Yongning Niu
Hazardous Materials Incidents (HMIs) have attracted a growing public concern worldwide. The health risks and environmental implications associated with HMIs are almost invariably severe, and underscore the urgency for sound management. Hazardous Materials Explosion incidents (HMEIs) belong to a category of extremely serious HMIs. Existing studies placed focuses predominately on the promptness and efficiency of emergency responses to HMIs and HMEIs. By contrast, post-disaster environmental management has been largely overlooked...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524371/out-of-hospital-emergency-care-providers-work-and-challenges-in-a-changing-care-environment
#3
Riitta Mikkola, Eija Paavilainen, Mari Salminen-Tuomaala, Päivi Leikkola
Acutely ill patients are often treated on site instead of being transported to hospital, so wide-ranging professional competence is required from staff. The aim of this study was to describe and produce new information about out-of-hospital emergency care providers' competence, skills and willingness to engage in self-development activities, and to uncover challenges experienced by care providers in the midst of changing work practices. A quantitative questionnaire was sent to out-of-hospital emergency care providers (N = 142, response rate 53%) of one Finnish hospital district...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505521/short-simulation-exercises-to-improve-emergency-department-nurses-self-efficacy-for-initial-disaster-management-controlled-before-and-after-study
#4
Carl-Oscar Jonson, Jenny Pettersson, Jonas Rybing, Heléne Nilsson, Erik Prytz
INTRODUCTION: Head nurses at emergency departments often assume responsibility for managing the initial response to a major incident, and to create surge capacity. Training is essential to enable these nurses to perform an effective disaster response. Evaluating the effects of such training is however complicated as real skill only can be demonstrated during a real major incident. Self-efficacy has been proposed as an alternative measure of training effectiveness. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine if short, small-scale computer-based simulation exercises could improve head emergency nurses' general and specific self-efficacy and initial incident management skills...
April 29, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503931/burnout-among-healthcare-workers-at-l-aquila-its-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#5
Antonella Mattei, Fabiana Fiasca, Mariachiara Mazzei, Vincenzo Abbossida, Valeria Bianchini
Burnout, which is now recognized as a real problem in terms of its negative outcome on healthcare efficiency, is a stress condition that can be increased by exposure to natural disasters, such as the 2009 L'Aquila earthquake. This study aims to evaluate burnout syndrome, its associated risk factors and stress levels, and the individual coping strategies among healthcare professionals at L'Aquila General Hospital. A cross-sectional study of 190 healthcare workers was conducted. There was a questionnaire for the collection of the socio-demographic, occupational and anamnestic data, and the Maslach Burnout Inventory, the General Health Questionnaire-12 items (GHQ-12) and the Brief COPE were used...
May 15, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503360/risk-criteria-in-hospital-site-selection-a-systematic-review
#6
Mohammad Javad Moradian, Ali Ardalan, Amir Nejati, Ali Darvishi Boloorani, Ali Akbarisari, Behnaz Rastegarfar
INTRODUCTION: Hospitals should be safe and remain functional in emergencies and disasters as it is mentioned in the Sendai Framework. Proper selection of a hospital location has a direct effect on survival of affected population in disasters as well as cost and benefit of the hospital in non-emergency situation. Different studies applied different criteria for Hospital Site Selection (HSS). The present study through a systematic review aimed to find out a categorized criteria list that have been used for (HSS) in the literature...
May 1, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503357/how-bad-is-it-usefulness-of-the-7eed-model-for-scoring-severity-and-level-of-need-in-complex-emergencies
#7
Anneli Eriksson, Martin Gerdin, Richard Garfield, Thorkild Tylleskar, Johan von Schreeb
BACKGROUND: Humanitarian assistance is designated to save lives and alleviate suffering among people affected by disasters. In 2014, close to 25 billion USD was allocated to humanitarian assistance, more than 80% of it from governmental donors and EU institutions. Most of these funds are devoted to Complex Emergencies (CE). It is widely accepted that the needs of the affected population should be the main determinant for resource allocations of humanitarian funding. However, to date no common, systematic, and transparent system for needs-based allocations exists...
June 28, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494169/companion-animals-in-natural-disasters-a-scoping-review-of-scholarly-sources
#8
Cheryl Travers, Chris Degeling, Melanie Rock
During a disaster, people may make evacuation decisions based on their companion animal's welfare, therefore exposing themselves, their companion animals, and emergency responders to increased risk for injury or death. The loss and suffering of companion animals in disasters causes deep distress, diminishing people's capacity to rebuild their lives. This scoping review presents scholarly research studies and reviews relating to people and their companion animals in the context of disasters, with an aim of informing researchers, policymakers, and practitioners and providing direction for future research...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482948/survey-of-preventable-disaster-deaths-at-medical-institutions-in-areas-affected-by-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-retrospective-survey-of-medical-institutions-in-miyagi-prefecture
#9
Satoshi Yamanouchi, Hiroyuki Sasaki, Hisayoshi Kondo, Tomohiko Mase, Yasuhiro Otomo, Yuichi Koido, Shigeki Kushimoto
Introduction In 2015, the authors reported the results of a preliminary investigation of preventable disaster deaths (PDDs) at medical institutions in areas affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake (2011). This initial survey considered only disaster base hospitals (DBHs) and hospitals that had experienced at least 20 patient deaths in Miyagi Prefecture (Japan); therefore, hospitals that experienced fewer than 20 patient deaths were not investigated. This was an additional study to the previous survey to better reflect PDD at hospitals across the entire prefecture...
May 9, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478788/on-scene-and-final-assessments-and-their-interrelationship-among-patients-who-use-the-ems-on-multiple-occasions
#10
Julia Tärnqvist, Erik Dahlén, Gabriella Norberg, Carl Magnusson, Johan Herlitz, Anneli Strömsöe, Christer Axelsson, Magnus Andersson Hagiwara
Introduction The use of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) is increasing. A number of patients call repeatedly for EMS. Early studies of frequent callers show that they form a heterogenous group. Problem There is a lack of research on frequent EMS callers. There is furthermore a lack of knowledge about characteristics and the prehospital assessment of the patients who call for EMS on several occasions. Finally, there is a general lack of knowledge with regard to the association between the prehospital assessment by health care providers and the final diagnosis...
May 8, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478772/are-dutch-hospitals-prepared-for-chemical-biological-or-radionuclear-incidents-a-survey-study
#11
Luc J M Mortelmans, Menno I Gaakeer, Greet Dieltiens, Kurt Anseeuw, Marc B Sabbe
Introduction Being one of Europe's most densely populated countries, and having multiple nuclear installations, a heavy petrochemical industry, and terrorist targets, the Netherlands is at-risk for chemical, biological, or radionuclear (CBRN) incidents. Recent world and continental events show that this threat is real and that authorities may be underprepared. Hypothesis The hypothesis of this study is that Dutch hospitals are underprepared to deal with these incidents. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was performed...
May 8, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476102/adaptation-of-the-recent-life-changes-questionnaire-rlcq-to-measure-stressful-life-events-in-adults-residing-in-an-urban-megapolis-in-pakistan
#12
Azmina Artani, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Iqbal Azam, Moiz AbdulSultan, Adeel Khoja, Ayeesha K Kamal
BACKGROUND: Contextually relevant stressful life events are integral to the quantification of stress. None such measures have been adapted for the Pakistani population. METHODS: The RLCQ developed by Richard Rahe measures stress of an individual through recording the experience of life changing events. We used qualitative methodology in order to identify contextually relevant stressors in an open ended format, using serial in-depth interviews until thematic saturation of reported stressful life events was achieved...
May 5, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474823/global-emergency-medicine-a-review-of-the-literature-from-2016
#13
Torben K Becker, Bhakti Hansoti, Susan Bartels, Alison Schroth Hayward, Braden J Hexom, Kevin M Lunney, Regan H Marsh, Maxwell Osei-Ampofo, Indi Trehan, Julia Chang, Adam C Levine
OBJECTIVES: The Global Emergency Medicine Literature Review (GEMLR) conducts an annual search of peer-reviewed and gray literature relevant to global emergency medicine (EM) to identify, review, and disseminate the most important new research in this field to a global audience of academics and clinical practitioners. METHODS: This year 13,890 articles written in four languages were identified by our search. These articles were distributed among 20 reviewers for initial screening based on their relevance to the field of global EM...
May 5, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464969/utilization-criteria-for-prehospital-ultrasound-in-a-canadian-critical-care-helicopter-emergency-medical-service-determining-who-might-benefit
#14
Domhnall O'Dochartaigh, Matthew Douma, Chris Alexiu, Shell Ryan, Mark MacKenzie
Introduction Prehospital ultrasound (PHUS) assessments by physicians and non-physicians are performed on medical and trauma patients with increasing frequency. Prehospital ultrasound has been shown to be of benefit by supporting interventions. Problem Which patients may benefit from PHUS has not been clearly identified. METHODS: A multi-variable logistic regression analysis was performed on a previously created retrospective dataset of five years of physician- and non-physician-performed ultrasound scans in a Canadian critical care Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS)...
May 3, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463098/when-is-a-cardiac-arrest-non-cardiac
#15
Ryan M Carter, David C Cone
Introduction While the overall survival rate for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is low, ranging from 5%-10%, several characteristics have been shown to decrease mortality, such as presence of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), witnessed vs unwitnessed events, and favorable initial rhythm (VF/VT). More recently, studies have shown that modified CPR algorithms, such as chest-compression only or cardio-cerebral resuscitation, can further increase survival rates in OHCA. Most of these studies have included only OHCA patients with "presumed cardiac etiology," on the assumption that airway management is of lesser impact than chest compressions in these patients...
May 2, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463097/road-traffic-injury-in-lagos-nigeria-assessing-prehospital-care
#16
Nasiru A Ibrahim, Abdul Wahab O Ajani, Ibrahim A Mustafa, Rufai A Balogun, Mobolaji A Oludara, Olufemi E Idowu, Babatunde A Solagberu
Introduction Injuries are the third most important cause of overall deaths globally with one-quarter resulting from road traffic crashes. Majority of these deaths occur before arrival in the hospital and can be reduced with prompt and efficient prehospital care. The aim of this study was to highlight the burden of road traffic injury (RTI) in Lagos, Nigeria and assess the effectiveness of prehospital care, especially the role of Lagos State Ambulance Service (LASAMBUS) in providing initial care and transportation of the injured to the hospital...
May 2, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463096/border-injuries-an-analysis-of-prehospital-demographics-mechanisms-and-patterns-of-injuries-encountered-by-usbp-ems-agents-in-the-el-paso-texas-usa-sector
#17
Russell A Baker
Study Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate Emergency Medical Services (EMS), use, injury mechanisms, prehospital assessments, and injuries among those receiving aid from the United States Border Patrol (USBP) in the El Paso (Texas USA) Sector. DESIGN: This is a time-series, retrospective analysis of all prehospital data for injuries among patients receiving care from USBP EMS on the US Mexico border in the El Paso sector from February 6, 2014 to February 6, 2016. RESULTS: A total of 473 documented EMS encounters occurred in this two-year period and demonstrated a male gender predominance (male 63%; female 37%) with the most prominent ages between 22-40 years old...
May 2, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462768/emergency-physician-disaster-deployment-issues-to-consider-and-a-model-policy
#18
Christopher A Kahn, Kristi L Koenig, Carl H Schultz
Disaster responders are frequently emergency physicians (EPs). Effective response is enhanced by the strong support of home institutions and clear policies for backfill of regular duties. A group of disaster medicine responders and researchers worked with an academic department of emergency medicine to create a policy that addresses concerns of deploying physicians, colleagues remaining at the home institution, and administrators. This article describes the process and content of this policy development work...
May 2, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458751/patient-tracking-in-earthquake-emergency-response-in-iran-a-qualitative-study
#19
Nahid Tavakoli, Mohammad H Yarmohammadian, Reza Safdari, Mahmoud Keyvanara
BACKGROUND: After a disaster, all victims have to be rapidly and accurately identified for locating, tracking and regulating them. The purpose of this study was to summarize people's experiences that how the patients were tracked in past earthquake disasters in Iran. METHODS: A qualitative study was carried out in 2015. This was an interview-based qualitative study using content analysis. The interviewed people included physicians, nurses, emergency medical technicians, disaster managers, Red Crescent Society' first responders and managers...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448308/the-effects-of-prenatal-maternal-stress-on-early-temperament-the-2011-queensland-flood-study
#20
Gabrielle Simcock, Guillaume Elgbeili, David P Laplante, Sue Kildea, Vanessa Cobham, Helen Stapleton, Marie-Paule Austin, Alain Brunet, Suzanne King
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effects of disaster-related prenatal maternal stress on infant temperament and whether the sex of the infant or the timing of the stressor in pregnancy would moderate the effects. METHODS: Mothers' objective experiences of a sudden-onset flood in Queensland, Australia, their subjective emotional reactions, and cognitive appraisal of the event were assessed. At 6 months postpartum, 121 mothers reported their infant's temperament on the 5 dimensions of the Short Temperament Scale for Infants...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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