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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455694/a-study-of-hospital-disaster-preparedness-in-south-yemen
#1
Waheeb Nasr Naser, Pier Luigi Ingrassia, Salem Aladhrae, Wegdan Ali Abdulraheem
Introduction Despite emphasis by disaster experts on the importance of disaster preparedness, disaster management in Yemen has attracted only a little attention. Most of the efforts have focused on post-disaster relief activities rather than the pre-disaster preparedness and risk reduction. Hospitals have a crucial role in emergency response and should be prepared. Thus, the aim of this study was intended to assess the hospital preparedness of Aden Capital, South Yemen against disasters. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted in June 2016...
February 19, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451746/bracing-for-disaster-specialists-step-up-their-preparations-for-emerging-and-evolving-infectious-disease-threats
#2
Bryn Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Cancer Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446341/emergency-management-and-preparedness-training-for-youth-empty-the-results-of-the-first-swedish-pilot-study
#3
Amir Khorram-Manesh, Johan Berlin, Lina Ljung Roseke, Johan Aremyr, Josef Sörensson, Eric Carlström
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of a simulation training in raising a group of young students' personal and situational awareness in disasters and emergencies. METHODS: In total, 25 young students participated in two simulation scenarios representing two actual events, fire, and shooting, using a combination of two validated simulation training (Emergency Management and Preparedness Training for Youth [EMPTY]). The changes in their knowledge and awareness were evaluated by using questionnaires and the whole simulation was evaluated by three independent observers and a reference group...
February 15, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445625/improvement-of-emergency-management-mechanism-of-public-health-crisis-in-rural-china-a-review-article
#4
REVIEW
Jiaxiang Hu, Chao Chen, Tingting Kuai
Background: With the rapid development of social economy in China, various public health emergencies frequently occur. Such emergencies cause a serious threat to human health and public safety, especially in rural China. Owing to flaws in emergency management mechanism and policy, the government is not capable to effectively deal with public health emergencies. Therefore, this study aimed to discuss the path to improve the emergency management mechanism for public health emergency in rural China...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444191/restoration-of-services-in-disrupted-infrastructure-systems-a-network-science-approach
#5
Aybike Ulusan, Ozlem Ergun
Due to the ubiquitous nature of disruptive extreme events, functionality of the critical infrastructure systems (CIS) is constantly at risk. In case of a disruption, in order to minimize the negative impact to the society, service networks operating on the CIS should be restored as quickly as possible. In this paper, we introduce a novel network science inspired measure to quantify the criticality of components within a disrupted service network and develop a restoration heuristic (Cent-Restore) that prioritizes restoration efforts based on this measure...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439498/advances-in-targeted-pesticides-with-environmentally-responsive-controlled-release-by-nanotechnology
#6
REVIEW
Bingna Huang, Feifei Chen, Yue Shen, Kun Qian, Yan Wang, Changjiao Sun, Xiang Zhao, Bo Cui, Fei Gao, Zhanghua Zeng, Haixin Cui
Pesticides are the basis for defending against major biological disasters and important for ensuring national food security. Biocompatible, biodegradable, intelligent, and responsive materials are currently an emerging area of interest in the field of efficient, safe, and green pesticide formulation. Using nanotechnology to design and prepare targeted pesticides with environmentally responsive controlled release via compound and chemical modifications has also shown great potential in creating novel formulations...
February 11, 2018: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431096/introduction-of-pediatric-physiological-and-anatomical-triage-score-in-mass-casualty-incident
#7
Chiaki Toida, Takashi Muguruma, Takeru Abe, Mafumi Shinohara, Masayasu Gakumazawa, Naoki Yogo, Aya Shirasawa, Naoto Morimura
BACKGROUND: Triage has an important role in providing suitable care to the largest number of casualties in a disaster setting, but there are no secondary triage methods suitable for children. This study developed a new secondary triage method named the Pediatric Physiological and Anatomical Triage Score (PPATS) and compared its accuracy with current triage methods. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of pediatric patients under 16 years old transferred to an emergency center from 2014 to 2016 was performed...
February 12, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426220/comprehensive-assessment-of-drought-risk-in-the-arid-region-of-northwest-china-based-on-the-global-palmer-drought-severity-index-gridded-data
#8
Peng Yang, Jun Xia, Yongyong Zhang, Chesheng Zhan, Yunfeng Qiao
Droughts are extremely widespread natural disasters, which cause the most severe losses among natural disasters. The comprehensive drought risk in Northwest China (NWC) was evaluated based on the self-calibrating (SC) Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) and copula method. The major conclusions are the following: (1) based on the rotated empirical orthogonal function (REOF), a significant consistency in the spatial distribution of the monthly averaged SC-PDSI was observed in NWC, especially in the subregions Inner Mongolia Plateau (IM), Hexi Corridor (HX), and Qiangtang Plateau (QT); (2) the largest frequency was obtained for slight drought and slight wet conditions, while extreme drought and extreme wet showed the lowest values; (3) with respect to the PDSI-th, the Clayton, Arch12, Arch12, Arch12, Arch12, and Frank played the major roles in the copula weight in the subregions IM, HX, Qinghai River Basin (QH), QT, North Xinjiang (NXJ), and South Xinjiang (SXJ), respectively...
February 2, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426031/quantitative-design-of-emergency-monitoring-network-for-river-chemical-spills-based-on-discrete-entropy-theory
#9
Bin Shi, Jiping Jiang, Bellie Sivakumar, Yi Zheng, Peng Wang
Field monitoring strategy is critical for disaster preparedness and watershed emergency environmental management. However, development of such is also highly challenging. Despite the efforts and progress thus far, no definitive guidelines or solutions are available worldwide for quantitatively designing a monitoring network in response to river chemical spill incidents, except general rules based on administrative divisions or arbitrary interpolation on routine monitoring sections. To address this gap, a novel framework for spatial-temporal network design was proposed in this study...
February 3, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425472/the-use-of-field-triage-in-disaster-and-mass-casualty-incidents-a-survey-of-current-practices-by-ems-personnel
#10
Kevin Ryan, Douglas George, James Liu, Patricia Mitchell, Kerrie Nelson, Ricky Kue
BACKGROUND: Mass casualty incident (MCI) triage and the use of triage tags to assign treatment priorities are not fully implemented despite emergency medical services (EMS) personnel training during drills and exercises. OBJECTIVES: To compare current field triage practices during both training and actual MCIs and identify any potential barriers to use. METHODS: During training sessions from November 2015 through March 2016, an anonymous survey was distributed to personnel in 3 distinct types of paid full-time EMS systems: Boston EMS (2-tiered, municipal third-service); Portland Fire Department (fire department-based ALS); and Stokes County EMS (county-based ALS) combined with Forsyth County EMS (county-based ALS)...
February 9, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423875/emergency-medicine-in-the-kingdom-of-bahrain
#11
Feras Abuzeyad, Leena Alqusem, Mudhaffar I Al Farras, Shaikha S Al Jawder, Ghada Al Qasim, Salah Alghanem
It has been more than a decade since emergency medicine became recognized as a specialty in the Kingdom of Bahrain. In the last fifteen years emergency medicine has widely established itself and developed rapidly in the Kingdom. The three main emergency departments are: Salmanyia Medical Complex (SMC), Royal Medical Services of Bahrain Defence Force (RMS-BDF) and King Hamad University Hospital (KHUH) are now fully equipped and operated by a majority of board certified emergency physicians.Standardized protocols, and the Central National Ambulance will be established in the near future, and the ambulances will offer both basic and advanced life support by trained nurses and paramedics...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420761/chinese-military-evaluation-of-a-portable-near-infrared-detector-of-traumatic-intracranial-hematomas
#12
Chun-Yang Liang, Yang Yang, Chun-Sen Shen, Hai-Jiang Wang, Nai-Ming Liu, Zhi-Wen Wang, Feng-Lei Zhu, Ru-Xiang Xu
Introduction: Secondary brain injury is the main cause of mortality from traumatic brain injury (TBI). One hallmark of TBI is intracranial hemorrhage, which occurs in 40-50% of severe TBI cases. Early identification of intracranial hematomas in TBI patients allows early surgical evacuation and can reduce the case fatality rate of TBI. As pre-hospital care is the weakest part of Chinese emergency care, there is an urgent need for a capability to detect brain hematomas early. In China, in addition to preventing injuries and diseases in military staff and in enhancing the military armed forces during war, military medicine participates in actions such as emergency public health crises, natural disasters, emerging conflicts, and anti-terrorist campaigns during peacetime...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417075/meta-evaluation-of-published-studies-on-evaluation-of-health-disaster-preparedness-exercises-through-a-systematic-review
#13
Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri, Mohammad H Yarmohammadian, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Mahmoud Nekoei-Moghadam, Ahmad Reza Raeisi
OBJECTIVE: Exercise evaluation is one of the most important steps and sometimes neglected in designing and taking exercises, in this stage of exercise, it systematically identifying, gathering, and interpreting related information to indicate how an exercise has fulfilled its objectives. The present study aimed to assess the most important evaluation techniques applied in evaluating health exercises for emergencies and disasters. METHODS: This was meta-evaluation study through a systematic review...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415716/disaster-impacts-on-cost-and-utilization-of-medicare
#14
Nathanael Rosenheim, Shannon Grabich, Jennifer A Horney
BACKGROUND: To estimate changes in the cost and utilization of Medicare among beneficiaries over age 65 who have been impacted by a natural disaster, we merged publically available county-level Medicare claims for the years 2008-2012 with Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) data related to disasters in each U.S. County from 2007 to 2012. METHODS: Fixed-effects generalized linear models were used to calculate change in per capita costs standardized by region and utilization per 1000 beneficiaries at the county level...
February 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411067/american-college-of-surgeons-member-involvement-in-global-surgery-results-from-the-2015-operation-giving-back-survey
#15
Marissa A Boeck, Laura F Goodman, Yihan Lin, Brittanie Wilczak, Girma Tefera
BACKGROUND: Five billion people worldwide lack access to safe surgery. American College of Surgeons (ACS) members have a strong history of humanitarian and volunteer work. Since its founding in 2004, Operation Giving Back (OGB) has served as a volunteer resource portal. This study sought to understand current activities, needs, and barriers to ACS member volunteerism, and to re-assess the role of OGB. METHODS: A 25-question electronic survey was sent to ACS members in August 2015...
February 6, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410084/measles-derived-vaccines-to-prevent-emerging-viral-diseases
#16
Phanramphoei N Frantz, Samaporn Teeravechyan, Frédéric Tangy
Infectious disease epidemics match wars and natural disasters in their capacity to threaten lives and damage economies. Like SARS previously and Zika recently, the Ebola crisis in 2015 showed how vulnerable the world is to these epidemics, with over 11,000 people dying in the outbreak. In addition to causing immense human suffering, these epidemics particularly affect low- and middle-income countries. Many of these deadly infectious diseases that have epidemic potential can become global health emergencies in the absence of effective vaccines...
January 31, 2018: Microbes and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404722/crisis-communication-in-public-health-emergencies-the-limits-of-legal-control-and-the-risks-for-harmful-outcomes-in-a-digital-age
#17
Paul Quinn
Communication by public authorities during a crisis situation is an essential and indispensable part of any response to a situation that may threaten both life and property. In the online connected world possibilities for such communication have grown further, in particular with the opportunity that social media presents. As a consequence, communication strategies have become a key plank of responses to crises ranging from epidemics to terrorism to natural disaster. Such strategies involve a range of innovative practices on social media...
February 6, 2018: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401643/review-of-non-respiratory-non-cancer-physical-health-conditions-from-exposure-to-the-world-trade-center-disaster
#18
REVIEW
Lisa M Gargano, Kimberly Mantilla, Monique Fairclough, Shengchao Yu, Robert M Brackbill
After the World Trade Center attacks on 11 September 2001 (9/11), multiple cohorts were developed to monitor the health outcomes of exposure. Respiratory and cancer effects have been covered at length. This current study sought to review the literature on other physical conditions associated with 9/11-exposure. Researchers searched seven databases for literature published in English from 2002 to October 2017, coded, and included articles for health condition outcome, population, 9/11-exposures, and comorbidity...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401479/detection-of-zika-virus-using-reverse-transcription-lamp-coupled-with-reverse-dot-blot-analysis-in-saliva
#19
Maite Sabalza, Rubina Yasmin, Cheryl A Barber, Talita Castro, Daniel Malamud, Beum Jun Kim, Hui Zhu, Richard A Montagna, William R Abrams
In recent years, there have been increasing numbers of infectious disease outbreaks that spread rapidly to population centers resulting from global travel, population vulnerabilities, environmental factors, and ecological disasters such as floods and earthquakes. Some examples of the recent outbreaks are the Ebola epidemic in West Africa, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-Co) in the Middle East, and the Zika outbreak through the Americas. We have created a generic protocol for detection of pathogen RNA and/or DNA using loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) and reverse dot-blot for detection (RDB) and processed automatically in a microfluidic device...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401474/medicine-procurement-in-hospital-pharmacies-of-nepal-a-qualitative-study-based-on-the-basel-statements
#20
Mina Shrestha, Rebekah Moles, Eurek Ranjit, Betty Chaar
BACKGROUND: Accessibility and affordability of evidence-based medicines are issues of global concern. For low-income countries like Nepal, it is crucial to have easy and reliable access to affordable, good-quality, evidence-based medicines, especially in the aftermath of natural or manmade disasters. Availability of affordable and evidence-based high quality medicines depends on the medicine procurement procedure, which makes it an important aspect of healthcare delivery. In this study, we aimed to investigate medicine procurement practices in hospital pharmacies of Nepal within the framework of International Pharmaceutical Federation [FIP] hospital pharmacy guidelines "the Basel Statements"...
2018: PloS One
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