keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

emergencies disasters

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645042/the-changing-health-priorities-of-earthquake-response-and-implications-for-preparedness-a-scoping-review
#1
REVIEW
C Cartwright, M Hall, A C K Lee
OBJECTIVES: Earthquakes have substantial impacts on mortality in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). The academic evidence base to support Disaster Risk Reduction activities in LMIC settings is, however, limited. We sought to address this gap by identifying the health and healthcare impacts of earthquakes in LMICs and to identify the implications of these findings for future earthquake preparedness. STUDY DESIGN: Scoping review. METHODS: A scoping review was undertaken with systematic searches of indexed databases to identify relevant literature...
June 20, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640220/a-comprehensive-study-on-the-internet-of-underwater-things-applications-challenges-and-channel-models
#2
Chien-Chi Kao, Yi-Shan Lin, Geng-De Wu, Chun-Ju Huang
The Internet of Underwater Things (IoUT) is a novel class of Internet of Things (IoT), and is defined as the network of smart interconnected underwater objects. IoUT is expected to enable various practical applications, such as environmental monitoring, underwater exploration, and disaster prevention. With these applications, IoUT is regarded as one of the potential technologies toward developing smart cities. To support the concept of IoUT, Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs) have emerged as a promising network system...
June 22, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630705/physiological-effects-of-stress-related-to-helicopter-travel-in-federal-emergency-management-agency-search-and-rescue-canines
#3
E Perry, N Gulson, T-W Liu Cross, K S Swanson
Working canines are deployed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), as part of a National Disaster Response Plan. Stress associated with helicopter flight and the resulting physical effects on the dog are unknown. Our objective was to test the hypotheses that (1) helicopter travel affects the physiology and faecal microbiota of working canines, but that (2) physiological consequences of helicopter travel will not negatively affect their work performance. A total of nine FEMA canines were loaded onto helicopters and flown for 30 min in July 2015...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626126/conduct-of-occupational-health-during-major-disasters-a-comparison-of-literature-on-occupational-health-issues-in-the-world-trade-center-terrorist-attack-and-the-fukushima-nuclear-power-plant-accident
#4
Hiroyuki Toyoda, Koji Mori
Workers who respond to large-scale disasters can be exposed to health hazards that do not exist in routine work. It is assumed that learning from past cases is effective for preparing for and responding to such problems, but published information is still insufficient. Accordingly, we conducted a literature review about the health issues and occupational health activities at the World Trade Center (WTC) terrorist attack and at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant accident to investigate how occupational health activities during disasters should be conducted...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625215/assessing-coagulation-by-rotational-thromboelastometry-rotem-in-rivaroxaban-anticoagulated-blood-using-hemostatic-agents
#5
Jonathan Bar, Alexa David, Tarek Khader, Mary Mulcare, Christopher Tedeschi
Introduction The use of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) such as rivaroxaban (Xarelto) is increasingly common. However, therapies for reversing anticoagulation in the event of hemorrhage are limited. This study investigates the ability of hemostatic agents to improve the coagulation of rivaroxaban-anticoagulated blood, as measured by rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM). Hypothesis/Problem If a chitosan-based hemostatic agent (Celox), which works independently of the clotting cascade, is applied to rivaroxaban-anticoagulated blood, it should improve coagulation by decreasing clotting time (CT), decreasing clot formation time (CFT), and increasing maximum clot firmness (MCF)...
June 19, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622920/post-9-11-sarcoidosis-in-wtc-exposed-firefighters-and-emergency-medical-service-workers
#6
Mayris P Webber, Jennifer Yip, Rachel Zeig-Owens, William Moir, Patompong Ungprasert, Cynthia S Crowson, Charles B Hall, Nadia Jaber, Michael D Weiden, Eric L Matteson, David J Prezant
INTRODUCTION: The World Trade Center (WTC) disaster released a huge quantity and variety of toxicants into the environment. To-date, studies from each of the three major cohorts of WTC-exposed workers have suggested "greater than expected" numbers of post-9/11 cases in some workers. We undertook this study to estimate the incidence of post-9/11 sarcoidosis in ∼13,000 male firefighters and EMS workers enrolled in The Fire Department of the City of New York (FDNY) WTC Health Program; to compare FDNY incidence to rates from unexposed, demographically similar men in the Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP); and, to examine rates by level of WTC exposure...
June 7, 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612689/evaluation-of-flood-preparedness-in-government-healthcare-facilities-in-eastern-province-sri-lanka
#7
Jessica M Farley, Inoka Suraweera, W L S P Perera, Jeremy Hess, Kristie L Ebi
BACKGROUND: Sri Lanka is vulnerable to floods and other hydro-meteorological disasters. Climate change is projected to increase the intensity of these events. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the flood preparedness in healthcare facilities in Eastern Province. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive, mixed methods study conducted in Trincomalee District. Surveys were conducted in 31 government healthcare facilities, using a pre-tested, structured questionnaire covering the last 5 years...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606207/utilizing-a-pediatric-disaster-coalition-model-to-increase-pediatric-critical-care-surge-capacity-in-new-york-city
#8
Michael Frogel, Avram Flamm, Mayer Sagy, Katharine Uraneck, Edward Conway, Michael Ushay, Bruce M Greenwald, Louisdon Pierre, Vikas Shah, Mohamed Gaffoor, Arthur Cooper, George Foltin
A mass casualty event can result in an overwhelming number of critically injured pediatric victims that exceeds the available capacity of pediatric critical care (PCC) units, both locally and regionally. To address these gaps, the New York City (NYC) Pediatric Disaster Coalition (PDC) was established. The PDC includes experts in emergency preparedness, critical care, surgery, and emergency medicine from 18 of 25 major NYC PCC-capable hospitals. A PCC surge committee created recommendations for making additional PCC beds available with an emphasis on space, staff, stuff (equipment), and systems...
June 13, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606202/an-assessment-of-climate-change-impacts-on-los-angeles-california-usa-hospitals-wildfires-highest-priority
#9
Sabrina A Adelaine, Mizuki Sato, Yufang Jin, Hilary Godwin
Introduction Although many studies have delineated the variety and magnitude of impacts that climate change is likely to have on health, very little is known about how well hospitals are poised to respond to these impacts. Hypothesis/Problem The hypothesis is that most modern hospitals in urban areas in the United States need to augment their current disaster planning to include climate-related impacts. METHODS: Using Los Angeles County (California USA) as a case study, historical data for emergency department (ED) visits and projections for extreme-heat events were used to determine how much climate change is likely to increase ED visits by mid-century for each hospital...
June 13, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606198/clinical-information-transfer-between-ems-staff-and-emergency-medicine-assistants-during-handover-of-trauma-patients
#10
Seyedeh Almas Fahim Yegane, Ali Shahrami, Hamid Reza Hatamabadi, Seyed-Mostafa Hosseini-Zijoud
Introduction Clinical handover by Emergency Medical Services (EMS) staff, as the first people who have contact with trauma patients, in the emergency department (ED), is very important. Therefore, effective communication to transfer clinical information about patients in a concise, rational, clear, and time-bound manner is essential. In Iran, the transfer of necessary information in clinical handover in EDs was carried out orally and without following standard instructions. This study aimed to audit the current clinical handover according to the Identify, Situation, Background, Assessment, and Recommendation (ISBAR) tool and survey the effect of training the ISBAR tool to Emergency Medicine Assistants (EMAs) and EMS staff on improvement of the clinical handover of patients to the ED...
June 13, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601203/the-care-of-thermally-injured-patients-in-operational-austere-and-mass-casualty-situations
#11
REVIEW
Booker T King, Wylan C Peterson
Burn injury affects a half million people in the United States annually. The severe thermal injury can have long-term debilitating effects. The management of burn patients in austere and operational environments is more complex. Mass casualty incidents can result in a large number of patients with multiple traumatic injuries, which often include burn injury. Appropriate triage of casualties is essential. Severely burned patients should be evacuated to a burn center if possible. Airway management and fluid resuscitation of burn patients present unique challenges...
June 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597855/post-disaster-mental-health-and-psychosocial-support-experience-from-the-2015-nepal-earthquake
#12
Surendra Sherchan, Reuben Samuel, Kedar Marahatta, Nazneen Anwar, Mark Humphrey Van Ommeren, Roderico Ofrin
On 25 April 2015, an earthquake of magnitude 7.8 struck Nepal, which, along with the subsequent aftershocks, killed 8897 people, injured 22 303 and left 2.8 million homeless. Previous efforts to provide services for mental health and psychological support (MHPSS) in humanitarian settings in Nepal have been largely considered inadequate and poorly coordinated. Immediately after the earthquake, the Government of Nepal declared a state of emergency and the health sector started to respond. The immediate response to the earthquake was coordinated following the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) cluster approach...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597709/philippine-academy-of-rehabilitation-medicine-emergency-basic-relief-and-medical-aid-mission-project-november-2013-february-2014-the-role-of-physiatrists-in-super-typhoon-haiyan
#13
Filipinas Ganchoon, Rommel Bugho, Liezel Calina, Rochelle Dy, James Gosney
BACKGROUND: Physiatrists have provided humanitarian assistance in recent large-scale global natural disasters. Super Typhoon Haiyan, the deadliest and most costly typhoon in modern Philippine history, made landfall on 8 November 2013 resulting in significant humanitarian needs. METHODS: Philippine Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine physiatrists conducted a project of 23 emergency basic relief and medical aid missions in response to Super Typhoon Haiyan from November 2013 to February 2014...
June 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592339/mass-casualty-incidents-in-the-underground-mining-industry-applying-the-haddon-matrix-on-an-integrative-literature-review
#14
Karl Gunnar Engström, John Angrén, Ulf Björnstig, Britt-Inger Saveman
OBJECTIVE: Underground mining is associated with obvious risks that can lead to mass casualty incidents. Information about such incidents was analyzed in an integrated literature review. METHODS: A literature search (1980-2015) identified 564 modern-era underground mining reports from countries sharing similar occupational health legislation. These reports were condensed to 31 reports after consideration of quality grading and appropriateness to the aim. The Haddon matrix was used for structure, separating human factors from technical and environmental details, and timing...
June 8, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592335/disaster-management-structure-of-universities-case-study-of-the-central-campus-of-the-university-of-tehran
#15
Babak Omidvar, Kayvan Karimloo, Sadegh Tavakoli Sani, Hassan Darabi
OBJECTIVE: Research on the disaster management plans of renowned universities worldwide shows that such plans are generally compiled in 3 categories: structural, nonstructural, and organizational sections. The importance of earthquakes in Tehran and the high vulnerability of the University of Tehran to earthquakes encouraged us to challenge the university's plans concerning disaster management. METHODS: An initial attempt was made to analyze the disaster management of 23 renowned universities worldwide and their structure compared with the present organizational structure of the University of Tehran...
June 8, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589006/modifying-the-interagency-emergency-health-kit-to-include-treatment-for-non-communicable-diseases-in-natural-disasters-and-complex-emergencies-the-missing-clinical-operational-and-humanitarian-perspectives
#16
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588970/modifying-the-interagency-emergency-health-kit-to-include-treatment-for-non-communicable-diseases-in-natural-disasters-and-complex-emergencies
#17
Marcello Tonelli, Natasha Wiebe, Brian Nadler, Ara Darzi, Shahnawaz Rasheed
The Interagency Emergency Health Kit (IEHK) provides a standard package of medicines and simple medical devices for aid agencies to use in emergencies such as disasters and armed conflicts. Despite the increasing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in such settings, the IEHK includes few drugs and devices for management of NCDs. Using published data to model the population burden of acute and chronic presentations of NCDs in emergency-prone regions, we estimated the quantity of medications and devices that should be included in the IEHK...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576961/disaster-relief-a-look-into-the-pharmacist-s-role
#18
Amanda Fuller Moore, Lella Kenworthy
After hurricane Matthew devastated southeastern North Carolina on October 8, 2016, health care providers and medical volunteers from various regions in North Carolina and from other surrounding states pulled together to initiate emergency medical services. Along with other healthcare providers, pharmacists played a key role in relief efforts. By using their broad knowledge of medicine and healthcare to efficiently utilize limited resources, pharmacists were vital in providing patient care. Their skills and knowledge make them a valuable resource in disaster relief...
May 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576233/disaster-preparedness-and-response-for-the-burn-mass-casualty-incident-in-the-twenty-first-century
#19
REVIEW
Randy D Kearns, David E Marcozzi, Noran Barry, Lewis Rubinson, Charles Scott Hultman, Preston B Rich
The effective and efficient coordination of emergent patient care at the point of injury followed by the systematic resource-based triage of casualties are the most critical factors that influence patient outcomes after mass casualty incidents (MCIs). The effectiveness and appropriateness of implemented actions are largely determined by the extent and efficacy of the planning and preparation that occur before the MCI. The goal of this work was to define the essential efforts related to planning, preparation, and execution of acute and subacute medical care for disaster burn casualties...
July 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576232/lessons-learned-from-burn-disasters-in-the-post-9-11-era
#20
REVIEW
Robert L Sheridan, Jonathan Friedstat, Kaitlyn Votta
Although every disaster scenario is unique, certain themes have emerged repeatedly during management of burn disasters. These lessons learned are useful when planning an individual burn unit's role in future disaster response.
July 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
keyword
keyword
59393
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"