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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652175/the-work-programme-of-neris-in-post-accident-recovery
#1
T Schneider, S Andronopoulos, J Camps, T Duranova, E Gallego, F Gering, O Isnard, M Maître, C Murith, D Oughton, W Raskob
NERIS is the European platform on preparedness for nuclear and radiological emergency response and recovery. Created in 2010 with 57 organisations from 28 different countries, the objectives of the platform are to: improve the effectiveness and coherency of current approaches to preparedness; identify further development needs; improve 'know how' and technical expertise; and establish a forum for dialogue and methodological development. The NERIS Strategic Research Agenda is now structured with three main challenges: (i) radiological impact assessments during all phases of nuclear and radiological events; (ii) countermeasures and countermeasure strategies in emergency and recovery, decision support, and disaster informatics; and (iii) setting up a multi-faceted framework for preparedness for emergency response and recovery...
January 1, 2018: Annals of the ICRP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650879/-a-study-on-designs-and-achievements-of-trainings-for-enhancing-the-self-help-ability-of-home-cared-persons-in-preparing-for-disasters-review-of-disaster-drills-with-cared-persons-and-their-families
#2
Kayo Shirai, Mieko Ito, Kiyomi Hata
After the Great East Japan Earthquake, we re-recognized the importance of self-help efforts of home-cared persons and their families and the necessity of advanced measures. In 2013, we designed a disaster drill to enhance the self-help ability of home-cared persons and their families in a stepwise fashion. In 2016, for the purpose of reviewing the achievements of the designed drill and its contents, the disaster drill was conducted on 21 users of our home-visit nursing station, followed by a questionnaire survey regarding the training contents, date/time, documents used, change in awareness, disaster-preventive actions, etc...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650329/perceptions-of-hospital-emergency-color-codes-among-hospital-employees-in-korea
#3
Hyo-Jin Lee, Ogcheol Lee
INTRODUCTION: Hospital emergency codes frequently comprise of colors to prevent confusion and enhance prompt response to emergency situations. The purpose of this study was to identify perceptions of emergency color codes among hospital employees in Korea. METHODS: A 12-color spectrum and emergency situations were selected from the standardized emergency color codes used in the US and Canada. Participants were selected via convenience sampling from four general hospitals in Seoul and Gyeonggi-Do...
April 9, 2018: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648605/lexical-analysis-suggests-differences-between-subgroups-in-anxieties-over-radiation-exposure-in-fukushima
#4
Arifumi Hasegawa, Manami Takahashi, Mami Nemoto, Takashi Ohba, Chieri Yamada, Shiro Matsui, Mitsuko Fujino, Kenichi Satoh
Although many experts have attempted communication about radiation risk, fears about radiation exposure stemming from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident remain deeply rooted. The characteristics of the anxiety vary with social background, which makes it difficult to alleviate with one approach. Our ultimate goal is therefore to create risk-communication materials tailored to various groups with differing social backgrounds. Towards that end, the purpose of the present study was to clarify potential factors associated with radiation-related anxieties within these groups...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643050/jordan-field-epidemiology-training-program-critical-role-in-national-and-regional-capacity-building
#5
Mohannad Al Nsour, Ibrahim Iblan, Mohammed Rasoul Tarawneh
Field Epidemiology Training Programs (FETPs) are 2-year training programs in applied epidemiology, established with the purpose of increasing a country's capacity within the public health workforce to detect and respond to health threats and develop internal expertise in field epidemiology. The Jordan Ministry of Health, in partnership with the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, started the Jordan FETP (J-FETP) in 1998. Since then, it has achieved a high standard of success and has been established as a model for FETPs in the Eastern Mediterranean Region...
April 11, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628668/evaluation-of-change-in-knowledge-and-attitude-of-emergency-medicine-residents-after-introduction-of-a-rotation-in-emergency-medical-services-and-disaster-medicine
#6
Nawfal Aljerian, Aamir Omair, Sami A Yousif, Abdulrahman S Alqahtani, Faisal A Alhusain, Bader Alotaibi, Mohammad F Alshehri, Majed Aljuhani, Saad Albaiz, Yasser Alaska, Abdullah F Alanazi
Background: Saudi Board of Emergency Medicine (SBEM) graduates are involved in a 1-month rotation in emergency medical services (EMSs) and disaster medicine. The purpose of this study was to evaluate change in knowledge and attitude of EM residents after the introduction of the EMS and disaster medicine rotation. Materials and Methods: The study included 32 3rd -year SBEM residents. A pretest/posttest design and a five-point Likert scale were used. The data included a response to a questionnaire developed by EMS and disaster experts...
January 2018: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627597/genetic-pathways-to-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-in-children-investigation-of-catechol-o-methyltransferase-comt-val158met-using-different-ptsd-diagnostic-models
#7
BreAnne A Danzi, Annette M La Greca
The catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met polymorphism has been linked to PTSD, although findings have been inconsistent. Recently, different diagnostic criteria for PTSD have been introduced by ICD-11 and DSM-5, including separate criteria for adults and for young children (i.e., the preschool criteria). The preschool criteria may be applicable to older children as well. This study is the first to examine COMT associations with depression and PTSD, using new diagnostic models, in school-age children (7-11 years) exposed to a natural disaster...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626138/how-a-major-incident-plan-can-be-used-in-an-acute-healthcare-setting
#8
Seth Makin, L Smith, K McDevitt
All NHS Trusts face a diverse range of potential threats and disruptions that can overwhelm the delivery of their routine healthcare services. Major incidents range from significant infrastructure failure to responding to significant casualty numbers from natural disasters and malicious incidents. Major incident plans are one of the body of documents that support trusts and in this instance acute NHS trusts in emergency preparedness. Major incident plans can be used as a reference point for staff of all disciplines, that is, clinical and non-clinical...
April 6, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624489/outbreak-protection-and-the-importance-of-paid-sick-leave
#9
Rex D Archer, Abby Edsall
From the Field is a semi-regular column that explores what it means to be a local health professional on the front lines of an emergency. Typically, National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) members share their stories of preparing for and responding to disasters, epidemics, and other major health issues. Through exploring the analysis of the challenges faced and the solutions developed, readers can learn how these public health champions keep their communities safe even in extreme situations...
March 2018: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622286/the-german-emergency-and-disaster-medicine-and-management-system-history-and-present
#10
REVIEW
Norman Hecker, Bernd Dieter Domres
As well for optimized emergency management in individual cases as for optimized mass medicine in disaster management, the principle of the medical doctors approaching the patient directly and timely, even close to the site of the incident, is a long-standing marker for quality of care and patient survival in Germany. Professional rescue and emergency forces, including medical services, are the "Golden Standard" of emergency management systems. Regulative laws, proper organization of resources, equipment, training and adequate delivery of medical measures are key factors in systematic approaches to manage emergencies and disasters alike and thus save lives...
January 31, 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622053/risks-health-consequences-and-response-challenges-for-small-island-based-populations-observations-from-the-2017-atlantic-hurricane-season
#11
James M Shultz, James P Kossin, J Marshall Shepherd, Justine M Ransdell, Rory Walshe, Ilan Kelman, Sandro Galea
ABSTRACTThe intensely active 2017 Atlantic basin hurricane season provided an opportunity to examine how climate drivers, including warming oceans and rising seas, exacerbated tropical cyclone hazards. The season also highlighted the unique vulnerabilities of populations residing on Small Island Developing States (SIDS) to the catastrophic potential of these storms. During 2017, 22 of the 29 Caribbean SIDS were affected by at least one named storm, and multiple SIDS experienced extreme damage. This paper aims to review the multiplicity of storm impacts on Caribbean SIDS throughout the 2017 season, to explicate the influences of climate drivers on storm formation and intensity, to explore the propensity of SIDS to sustain severe damage and prolonged disruption of essential services, to document the spectrum of public health consequences, and to delineate the daunting hurdles that challenged emergency response and recovery operations for island-based, disaster-affected populations...
April 6, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617478/revisiting-the-p-36-oil-rig-accident-15-years-later-from-management-of-incidental-and-accidental-situations-to-organizational-factors
#12
Marcelo Gonçalves Figueiredo, Denise Alvarez, Ricardo Nunes Adams
The accident with the P-36 oil rig in the Campos Basin in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, was one of the petroleum industry's worst international disasters. Based on this specific case, the article aims to (a) verify the role of the human dimension in the reliability of highly complex systems, with a focus on the management of incidental and accidental situations with the potential to lead to large-scale accidents. The analysis should help (b) shed light on some of the organizational factors that can increase the risk level in offshore activities, beyond the so-called immediate causes...
March 29, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613935/the-use-of-emergency-physicians-to-deliver-anesthesia-for-orthopaedic-surgery-in-austere-environments-the-expansion-of-the-emergency-physician-s-general-anesthesia-syllabus-to-orthopaedic-surgery
#13
Ogedad Pierre, John F Lovejoy, Robert Stanton, Richard Skupski, Harold Previl, Jerry Bernard, Lia Losonczy, Mark Walsh
BACKGROUND: Five billion people, primarily in low-income and middle-income countries, cannot access safe, affordable surgical and anesthesia care, particularly for orthopaedic trauma. The rate-limiting step for many orthopaedic surgical procedures performed in the developing world is the absence of safe anesthesia. Even surgical mission teams providing surgical care are limited by the availability of anesthesiologists. Emergency physicians, who are already knowledgeable in airway management and procedural sedation, may be able to help to fulfill the need for anesthetists in disaster relief and surgical missions...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609618/what-should-the-african-health-workforce-know-about-disasters-proposed-competencies-for-strengthening-public-health-disaster-risk-management-education-in-africa
#14
Olushayo Olu, Abdulmumini Usman, Kalula Kalambay, Stella Anyangwe, Kuku Voyi, Christopher Garimoi Orach, Aklilu Azazh, Mala Ali Mapatano, Ngoy Nsenga, Lucien Manga, Solomon Woldetsadik, Francois Nguessan, Angela Benson
BACKGROUND: As part of efforts to implement the human resources capacity building component of the African Regional Strategy on Disaster Risk Management (DRM) for the health sector, the African Regional Office of the World Health Organization, in collaboration with selected African public health training institutions, followed a multistage process to develop core competencies and curricula for training the African health workforce in public health DRM. In this article, we describe the methods used to develop the competencies, present the identified competencies and training curricula, and propose recommendations for their integration into the public health education curricula of African member states...
April 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606184/communicable-disease-surveillance-systems-in-disasters-application-of-the-input-process-product-and-outcome-framework-for-performance-assessment
#15
Javad Babaie, Ali Ardalan, Hasan Vatandoost, Mohammad Mahdi Goya, Ali Akbarisari
OBJECTIVE: One of the most important measures following disasters is setting up a communicable disease surveillance system (CDSS). This study aimed to develop indicators to assess the performance of CDSSs in disasters. METHOD: In this 3-phase study, firstly a qualitative study was conducted through in-depth, semistructured interviews with experts on health in disasters and emergencies, health services managers, and communicable diseases center specialists. The interviews were analyzed, and CDSS performance assessment (PA) indicators were extracted...
April 2, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601478/did-harvey-learn-from-katrina-initial-observations-of-the-response-to-companion-animals-during-hurricane-harvey
#16
Steve Glassey
The aftermath of Hurricane Katrina in 2005 became the genesis of animal emergency management and created significant reforms in the US particularly the passage of the Pets Emergency and Transportation Standards Act in 2006 that required state and local emergency management arrangements to be pet- and service animal-inclusive. More than a decade later Hurricane Harvey struck the Gulf states with all 68 directly related deaths occurring in the state of Texas. In this study, six key officials involved in the response underwent a semi-structured interview to investigate the impact of the PETS Act on preparedness and response...
March 30, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592828/improving-disaster-outcomes-with-better-decision-making
#17
Ronda Oberlin
Decisions made in an emergency can improve or exacerbate the outcome of the event. Making complex decisions in high-stress circumstances is not easily done without prior training. Understanding how people process information under stress, and how decisions are affected by bias, can lead to better decision making. This paper examines how risk communication lessons from sense-making research and cockpit resource management can be applied to business and industry to improve emergency and disaster outcomes.
January 1, 2018: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588873/community-s-emergency-preparedness-for-flood-hazards-in-dire-dawa-town-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#18
Luche Tadesse Ejeta
Background: Emergency preparedness at all levels (individuals and communities) is the corner stone of effective response to the increasing trends of global disasters due to man-made and natural hazards. It is determined by different factors, including (among others) past direct and indirect exposures to hazards. This study was carried out in Dire Dawa town, Ethiopia, which in the past experienced frequent flooding events, yet dearth of information exists about preparedness in the area...
February 21, 2018: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565842/initial-public-health-laboratory-response-after-hurricane-maria-puerto-rico-2017
#19
Jeniffer Concepción-Acevedo, Anita Patel, Carolina Luna-Pinto, Rafael González Peña, Rosa Ivette Cuevas Ruiz, Héctor Rivera Arbolay, Mayra Toro, Carmen Deseda, Victor R De Jesus, Efrain Ribot, Jennifer-Quiñones Gonzalez, Gouthami Rao, Alfonsina De Leon Salazar, Marisela Ansbro, Brunilís B White, Margaret C Hardy, Joaudimir Castro Georgi, Rita Stinnett, Alexandra M Mercante, David Lowe, Haley Martin, Angela Starks, Beverly Metchock, Stephanie Johnston, Tracy Dalton, Olga Joglar, Cortney Stafford, Monica Youngblood, Katherine Klein, Stephen Lindstrom, LaShondra Berman, Renee Galloway, Ilana J Schafer, Henry Walke, Robyn Stoddard, Robin Connelly, Elaine McCaffery, Marie-Claire Rowlinson, Stephen Soroka, Darin T Tranquillo, Anne Gaynor, Chris Mangal, Kelly Wroblewski, Atis Muehlenbachs, Reynolds M Salerno, Matthew Lozier, Brittany Sunshine, Craig Shapiro, Dale Rose, Renee Funk, Satish K Pillai, Eduardo O'Neill
Hurricane Maria made landfall in Puerto Rico on September 20, 2017, causing major damage to infrastructure and severely limiting access to potable water, electric power, transportation, and communications. Public services that were affected included operations of the Puerto Rico Department of Health (PRDOH), which provides critical laboratory testing and surveillance for diseases and other health hazards. PRDOH requested assistance from CDC for the restoration of laboratory infrastructure, surveillance capacity, and diagnostic testing for selected priority diseases, including influenza, rabies, leptospirosis, salmonellosis, and tuberculosis...
March 23, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565241/preparing-for-the-surge-a-half-day-emergency-preparedness-training-course-for-the-second-front
#20
Lancer A Scott, Layne A Madden, Amy E Wahlquist, Daniel W Fisher
Purpose Clinical disaster medicine requires providers working collaboratively to care for multiple patients, yet many clinicians lack competency-based training. A 5-hour emergency preparedness training (EPT) curriculum was created using didactics, small group discussion, and scenario-based learning. The goal was to evaluate the effect of a short course on improving clinical-provider knowledge, confidence and skill. METHODS: Participants were enrolled in a medical university between 2011 and 2014...
February 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
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