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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917356/response-and-recovery-measures-for-two-floods-in-north-china-during-the-nineteenth-century-a-comparative-study
#1
Yu Ye, Xiuqi Fang, Fan Li
BACKGROUND: The process of human response to natural disasters and its mechanisms as revealed by historical events still has a broad significance for modern society. This study analyzed the disaster relief process and the social response for two floods in China: the Yongding River flood in 1801 and the Yellow River flood in 1841. These two floods reflect the different response processes between the national and provincial capitals during a stage of climate cooling and social transition in the Qing dynasty...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917306/education-and-training-of-emergency-medical-teams-recommendations-for-a-global-operational-learning-framework
#2
Nieves Amat Camacho, Amy Hughes, Frederick M Burkle, Pier Luigi Ingrassia, Luca Ragazzoni, Anthony Redmond, Ian Norton, Johan von Schreeb
An increasing number of international emergency medical teams are deployed to assist disaster-affected populations worldwide. Since Haiti earthquake those teams have been criticised for ill adapted care, lack of preparedness in addition to not coordinating with the affected country healthcare system. The Emergency Medical Teams (EMTs) initiative, as part of the Word Health Organization's Global Health Emergency Workforce program, aims to address these shortcomings by improved EMT coordination, and mechanisms to ensure quality and accountability of national and international EMTs...
October 21, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904256/what-s-new-in-emergencies-trauma-and-shock-calculating-costs-for-disaster-preparedness
#3
EDITORIAL
Venkataramanaiah Saddikuti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895097/mass-media-communication-of-emergency-issues-and-countermeasures-in-a-nuclear-accident-fukushima-reporting-in-european-newspapers
#4
Eduardo Gallego, Marie Claire Cantone, Deborah H Oughton, Tanja Perko, Iztok Prezelj, Yevgeniya Tomkiv
This paper presents the results of a large study of 1340 articles published by two major newspapers in six European countries (Belgium, Italy, Norway, Slovenia, Spain and Russia) in the first 2 months after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. The focus of the analysis is on the application and overall impact of protective actions, both during the emergency phase and later, how the newspapers describe those actions, which differences were apparent between countries and what recommendations can be extracted in order to improve general communication about these issues...
November 28, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890031/a-national-assessment-of-the-health-and-safety-of-emergency-medical-services-professionals
#5
Melissa A Bentley, Roger Levine
OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to assess changes in (1) health and physical fitness, (2) the prevalence of selected health problems, (3) risk behaviors, (4) ambulance safety issues, and (5) the preparedness of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) professionals. In addition, the incidence of patient-initiated violence directed toward EMS personnel and associated factors were assessed. METHODS: Data were obtained from a sample of nationally certified EMS professionals via annual questionnaires between 1999 and 2008...
November 28, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890030/longitudinal-emergency-medical-technician-attributes-and-demographic-study-leads-design-and-methodology
#6
Roger Levine
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to describe the Longitudinal Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) Attributes and Demographic Study (LEADS) design, instrument development, pilot testing, sampling procedures, and data collection methodology. Response rates are provided, along with results of follow-up surveys of non-responders (NRs) and a special survey of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) professionals who were not nationally certified. METHODS: Annual surveys from 1999 to 2008 were mailed out to a random, stratified sample of nationally registered EMT-Basics and Paramedics...
November 28, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890027/a-longitudinal-description-of-emergency-medical-services-professionals-by-race-ethnicity
#7
Remle P Crowe, Roger Levine, Jennifer J Eggerichs, Melissa A Bentley
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper was to compare demographics, employment variables, satisfaction, and motivation for entering the field of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) between members of under-represented races/ethnicities and members of the majority group. METHODS: A cohort of nationally certified EMS professionals was followed for 10 years through annual surveys; however, race/ethnicity was only available for 9 years (2000-2008). Descriptive statistics and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated and significance was determined by lack of CI overlap...
November 28, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890018/compensation-of-emergency-medical-technician-emt-basics-and-paramedics
#8
Jonathan R Studnek
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this paper is to identify factors associated with compensation for Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)-Basics and Paramedics and assess whether these associations have changed over the period 1999-2008. METHODS: Data obtained from the Longitudinal EMT Attributes and Demographic Study (LEADS) surveys, a mail survey of a random, stratified sample of nationally certified EMT-Basics and Paramedics, were analyzed. For the 1999-2003 period, analyses included all respondents providing Emergency Medical Services (EMS)...
November 28, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885092/nuclear-and-radiological-preparedness-the-achievements-of-the-european-research-project-prepare
#9
Thierry Schneider, Florian Gering, Sylvie Charron, Mark Zhelezniak, Spyros Andronopoulos, Gilles Heriard-Dubreuil, Johan Camps, Wolfgang Raskob
The PREPARE project aimed closing gaps identified in nuclear and radiological preparedness in Europe following the first evaluation of the Fukushima disaster. With 46 partners from Europe and Japan, it collected the key players in the area of emergency management and rehabilitation preparedness. Starting from February 2013, the project ended in January 2016. Among others, the project reviewed existing operational procedures for long-lasting releases, cross-border problems in radiation monitoring and food safety and further developed missing functionalities in decision support systems ranging from improved source term estimation and dispersion modelling to the inclusion of hydrological pathways for European water bodies...
November 24, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884215/public-perception-of-emergency-medical-services-in-the-united-states
#10
Remle P Crowe, Roger Levine, Severo Rodriguez, Ashley D Larrimore, Ronald G Pirrallo
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the public's experience, expectations, and perceptions related to Emergency Medical Services (EMS). METHODS: A population-based telephone interview of adults in the United States was conducted. The survey instrument consisted of 112 items. Demographic variables including age, race, political beliefs, and household income were collected. Data collection was performed by trained interviewers from Kent State University's (Kent, Ohio USA)Social Research Laboratory...
November 25, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881208/the-west-africa-disaster-preparedness-initiative-strengthening-national-capacities-for-all-hazards-disaster-preparedness
#11
Melinda J Morton Hamer, Paul L Reed, Jane D Greulich, Gabor D Kelen, Nicole A Bradstreet, Charles W Beadling
OBJECTIVE: The Ebola outbreak demonstrated the need for improved disaster response throughout West Africa. The West Africa Disaster Preparedness Initiative was a training and assessment effort led by US Africa Command and partners to strengthen capacities among 12 West African partner nations (PNs). METHODS: Series of 3-week training sessions with representatives from each PN were held from 13 July through 20 November 2015 at the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre in Accra, Ghana...
November 24, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881204/the-longitudinal-emergency-medical-technician-emt-attributes-and-demographics-study-leads-the-first-10-years-and-a-look-at-public-perception-of-emergency-medical-services-ems
#12
Remle P Crowe, Melissa A Bentley, Roger Levine
Crowe RP , Bentley MA , Levine R . The Longitudinal Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) Attributes and Demographics Study (LEADS): the first 10 years and a look at public perception of Emergency Medical Services (EMS). Prehosp Disaster Med. 2016;31(Suppl. 1):s1-s6.
November 24, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878123/two-validated-ways-of-improving-the-ability-of-decision-making-in-emergencies-results-from-a-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
Amir Khorram-Manesh, Johan Berlin, Eric Carlström
The aim of the current review wasto study the existing knowledge about decision-making and to identify and describe validated training tools.A comprehensive literature review was conducted by using the following keywords: decision-making, emergencies, disasters, crisis management, training, exercises, simulation, validated, real-time, command and control, communication, collaboration, and multi-disciplinary in combination or as an isolated word. Two validated training systems developed in Sweden, 3 level collaboration (3LC) and MacSim, were identified and studied in light of the literature review in order to identify how decision-making can be trained...
October 2016: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873296/emergency-preparedness-of-veterans-and-nonveterans
#14
Joseph F Iii Geiger
This study examined statistical differences in levels of disaster preparedness between former members of the US Armed Forces (veterans) and civilians (nonveterans). It was hypothesized that veterans would exhibit a higher degree of disaster preparedness as compared to their nonveteran counterparts as a consequence of their training and life experience. Furthermore, if this were proven to be valid, the finding would identify this cohort as an ideal target audience for emergency and disaster preparedness education efforts...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872145/aspects-of-disaster-research-ethics-applicable-to-other-contexts
#15
Bridget Haire
In his article 'The Ebola Clinical Trials: a precedent for research ethics in disasters', Philippe Calain constructs a compelling case as to why and how experiences from the recent Ebola epidemic should be used to develop a framework for disaster research ethics. In particular, Calain proposes a useful model for assessing whether or not an unproven intervention could be suitable for human use in a disaster context, and makes a powerful argument against the separation of patient care from research goals. In this commentary, I argue that the separation of patient care goals from research goals is also unhelpful in the context of other forms of participant disadvantage even when that disadvantage is less severe than an ongoing public health emergency...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871579/undiagnosed-pulmonary-sequestration-results-in-an-unexplained-hemorrhagic-shock-in-thoracoscopic-pulmonary-lobectomy
#16
Rui Li, Huiping Li, Tao Liang, Chaoran Wu
We report the first case of pulmonary sequestration which was not detected in the preoperative evaluation, resulting in a life-threatening hemorrhagic shock rapidly during the procedure of thoracoscopic pulmonary lobectomy. The anesthesiologists could not figure out the reason for the hemorrhagic shock in the surgery until an emergent laparotomy was performed. The aim of presenting this clinical case is to highlight the vigilance for undiagnosed pulmonary sequestration which lacks any specific clinical feature but has the potential to become an anesthetic disaster...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867737/developing-the-philippines-as-a-global-hub-for-disaster-risk-reduction-a-health-research-initiative-as-presented-at-the-10th-philippine-national-health-research-system-week-celebration
#17
Nicola Banwell, Jaime Montoya, Merlita Opeña, Carel IJsselmuiden, Ronald Law, Gloria J Balboa, Shannon Rutherford, Cordia Chu, Virginia Murray
The recent Philippine National Health Research System (PNHRS) Week Celebration highlighted the growing commitment to Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in the Philippines. The event was lead by the Philippine Council for Health Research and Development of the Department of Science and Technology and the Department of Health, and saw the participation of national and international experts in DRR, and numerous research consortia from all over the Philippines. With a central focus on the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, the DRR related events recognised the significant disaster risks faced in the Philippines...
October 25, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866509/assistive-technology-and-older-adults-in-disasters-implications-for-emergency-management
#18
Mary Helen McSweeney-Feld
This article identifies concepts, trends, and policy gaps in the availability and service delivery of assistive technology utilized by older adults in disasters, as well as implications for emergency management planning and shelter administration. Definitions of types of assistive technology, as well as views of older adults using technology as at-risk individuals for emergency management service provision, are provided. An overview of peer-reviewed articles and gray literature is conducted, focusing on publications from 2001 to the present in the United States...
November 21, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865292/katrina-s-legacy-processes-for-patient-disaster-preparation-have-improved-but-important-gaps-remain
#19
Marjorie Icenogle, Sasha Eastburn, Martha Arrieta
BACKGROUND: Ensuring continuity of care for patients with chronic illness, who are elderly or indigent presents unique challenges after disasters; this population has fewer financial resources, is less likely to evacuate, has limited access to recovery resources and is significantly dependent on charitable and government-funded institutions for care. This study expands a previous investigation of the extent to which healthcare providers in coastal Mississippi and Alabama have made changes to facilitate continued care to these populations after disasters...
November 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863577/us-military-nurses-serving-within-the-chaos-of-disaster
#20
REVIEW
Felecia M Rivers
The purpose of this article is to share US military nurses' experiences of responding to disasters. Using phenomenology, 23 participants serving as US military nurses from different service branches and the US Public Health Service volunteered for a single face-to-face interview. Five polar themes plus one final theme emerged from the narratives. Nurses expressed a sense of loss, reshaping of thoughts regarding disasters, and new appreciation of how people's lives are totally disrupted. Findings showed a need for change in nursing education, practice, training, policy, and recommendations for higher education and how the military may better educate its personnel...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
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