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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029345/evacuating-people-and-their-pets-older-floridians-need-for-and-proximity-to-pet-friendly-shelters
#1
Rachel Douglas, Ayberk Kocatepe, Anne E Barrett, Eren Erman Ozguven, Clayton Gumber
Objectives: Pets influence evacuation decisions, but little is known about pet-friendly emergency shelters' availability or older adults' need for them. Our study addresses this issue, focusing on the most densely populated area of Florida (Miami-Dade)-the state with the oldest population and greatest hurricane susceptibility. Method: We use Geographic Information Systems (GIS)-based methodology to identify the shortest paths to pet-friendly shelters, based on distance and congested and uncongested travel times-taking into account the older population's spatial distribution...
October 4, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023139/sheltering-haitian-humanitarian-parolees-in-san-diego-a-local-health-department-s-response-to-an-international-crisis
#2
Catherine L Blaser, Christine Murto
From the Field is a semi-regular column that explores what it means to be a local health professional on the front lines of an emergency. National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) members share their stories of preparing for and responding to disasters, epidemics, and other major health issues. Through exploring the analysis of the challenges faced and the solutions developed, readers can learn how these public health champions keep their communities safe even in extreme situations. Readers may submit topics of interest to the column's editor, Meghan McGinty, PhD, MPH, MBA, at mmcginty@naccho...
October 12, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993552/the-effects-of-changes-in-the-meal-providing-system-on-emergency-shelter-menus-following-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#3
Moeka Harada, Asuka Takizawa, Jun Oka, Nobuyo Tsuboyama-Kasaoka
Objectives To assess the improvement of the menus by the meal providing system in emergency shelters, we reanalyzed the data obtained from the dietary survey at emergency shelters in the Miyagi Prefecture one month after the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011.Methods We performed secondary use of the dietary survey conducted by the Miyagi prefectural government. In total, 386 emergency shelters participated in the dietary survey of one day in April 2011. We examined the meal providing system (the frequency of meals per day, the frequency of mass feeding for evacuees per day, and menu creators) and the menus at each emergency shelter (260)...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992873/the-rapid-disaster-evaluation-system-rades-a-plan-to-improve-global-disaster-response-by-privatizing-the-assessment-component
#4
Kenneth V Iserson
BACKGROUND: Emergency medicine personnel frequently respond to major disasters. They expect to have an effective and efficient management system to elegantly allocate available resources. Despite claims to the contrary, experience demonstrates this rarely occurs. OBJECTIVES: This article describes privatizing disaster assessment using a single-purposed, accountable, and well-trained organization. The goal is to achieve elegant disaster assessment, rather than repeatedly exhorting existing groups to do it...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992388/impact-of-nutrition-interventions-on-pediatric-mortality-and-nutrition-outcomes-in-humanitarian-emergencies
#5
REVIEW
Kamna S Balhara, David M Silvestri, W Tyler Winders, Anand Selvam, Sean M Kivlehan, Torben K Becker, Adam C Levine
OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition contributes to pediatric morbidity and mortality in disasters and complex emergencies, but summary data describing specific nutritional interventions in these settings are lacking. This systematic review aims to characterize such interventions and their effects on pediatric mortality, anthropometric measures, and serum markers of nutrition. METHODS: A systematic search of OVID Medline, Cochrane Library, and relevant grey literature was conducted...
October 9, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989528/outbreak-column-20-are-outbreaks-man-made-disasters-that-display-intertwined-errors-of-human-judgement-and-behaviour
#6
Evonne T Curran
Man-made disasters are reported to have five intertwined errors of human judgement and behaviour. As outbreaks are essentially man-made disasters, the cited intertwined errors of engineering overreach, smooth sailing fallacy, insider view, risk-seeking incentives and social-herding were looked for in five notable outbreaks of Clostridium difficile infection. Engineering overreach was found to be the most identifiable error. The purpose of this reflective exercise was to turn hindsight into foresight and determine the intertwined levels of safety behaviour needed to prevent any future pathogen emerging to produce healthcare disasters...
July 2017: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986822/global-spread-of-hemorrhagic-fever-viruses-predicting-pandemics
#7
Jean-Paul Gonzalez, Marc Souris, Willy Valdivia-Granda
As successive epidemics have swept the world, the scientific community has quickly learned from them about the emergence and transmission of communicable diseases. Epidemics usually occur when health systems are unprepared. During an unexpected epidemic, health authorities engage in damage control, fear drives action, and the desire to understand the threat is greatest. As humanity recovers, policy-makers seek scientific expertise to improve their "preparedness" to face future events.Global spread of disease is exemplified by the spread of yellow fever from Africa to the Americas, by the spread of dengue fever through transcontinental migration of mosquitos, by the relentless influenza virus pandemics, and, most recently, by the unexpected emergence of Ebola virus, spread by motorbike and long haul carriers...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985913/factors-influencing-disaster-nursing-core-competencies-of-emergency-nurses
#8
Hye-Young Park, Ji-Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: Emergency nurses are expected to provide required nursing services by using their professional expertise to reduce the risk posed by disasters. Thus, emergency nurses' disaster nursing core competencies are essential for coping with disasters. The purpose of the study reported here was to identify factors influencing the disaster nursing core competencies of emergency nurses. METHODS: A survey was conducted among 231 emergency nurses working in 12 hospitals in South Korea...
October 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979968/comparison-of-simulated-treatment-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-stepped-care-case-finding-intervention-vs-usual-care-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-after-a-natural-disaster
#9
Gregory H Cohen, Shailesh Tamrakar, Sarah Lowe, Laura Sampson, Catherine Ettman, Ben Linas, Kenneth Ruggiero, Sandro Galea
Importance: Psychiatric interventions offered after natural disasters commonly address subsyndromal symptom presentations, but often remain insufficient to reduce the burden of chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Objective: To simulate a comparison of a stepped care case-finding intervention (stepped care [SC]) vs a moderate-strength single-level intervention (usual care [UC]) on treatment effectiveness and incremental cost-effectiveness in the 2 years after a natural disaster...
October 4, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979750/epidemiology-of-special-incidents-results-from-national-mortality-and-morbidity-registry-and-the-associated-factors-in-iran-in-2014
#10
Javad Bazeli, Aidin Aryankhesal, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh
BACKGROUND: Special incidents are harmful events that can result in people's death or injury. Despite registering special incidents' data in Iran, no study has yet been conducted to identify the types, rates, mortality and morbidity of such incidents and their associated factors. The present study was conducted to assess the epidemiology of incidents and their associated factors during 2014 in Iran. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, all special incidents of 2014 were examined...
August 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974284/a-comparison-of-china-s-risk-communication-in-response-to-sars-and-h7n9-using-principles-drawn-from-international-practice
#11
Wuqi Qiu, Cordia Chu, Xiaohui Hou, Shannon Rutherford, Bin Zhu, Zhendong Tong, Ayan Mao
BACKGROUND: China's emergency management of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) was heavily criticized, whereas the H7N9 response was praised by the international community. Aims The aims of this study were to examine and compare the strengths and weaknesses of risk communication conducted in response to SARS and H7N9 and their associated social impacts on affected communities in China. METHOD: A qualitative comparative case study approach was employed in the present study, using a set of 8 risk communication principles selected from international literature to suit the Chinese context for the comparative analysis of emergency responses of SARS and H7N9...
October 4, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973829/personal-identification-of-deceased-persons-an-overview-of-the-current-methods-based-on-physical-appearance
#12
Zuzana Caplova, Zuzana Obertova, Daniele M Gibelli, Danilo De Angelis, Debora Mazzarelli, Chiarella Sforza, Cristina Cattaneo
The use of the physical appearance of the deceased has become more important because the available antemortem information for comparisons may consist only of a physical description and photographs. Twenty-one articles dealing with the identification based on the physiognomic features of the human body were selected for review and were divided into four sections: (i) visual recognition, (ii) specific facial/body areas, (iii) biometrics, and (iv) dental superimposition. While opinions about the reliability of the visual recognition differ, the search showed that it has been used in mass disasters, even without testing its objectivity and reliability...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965529/safety-needs-of-people-with-disabilities-during-earthquakes
#13
Aidin Aryankhesal, Shahrzad Pakjouei, Mohammad Kamali
OBJECTIVE: The needs of people with disabilities are not taken into account during disasters, and there is no or little preparation for them. Hence, such people are very anxious about their personal safety during disasters. The aim of this study was to explain the safety needs of people with disabilities during earthquakes. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted with purposive sampling. A total of 12 people with movement disability, aged between 18 and 60 years, and with an experience of facing earthquakes, participated in semi-structured interviews...
October 2, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961655/engagement-strategies-to-advance-community-centered-primary-care
#14
Lisanne Brown, Jamie Clesi Giepert, Amanda Barrie Black, Heather Farb
The Louisiana Public Health Institute designed and implemented the Primary Care Capacity Project (PCCP) with the purpose of expanding access to high-quality, integrated, and sustainable community-based primary care, including linkages to behavioral health services, as well as environmental and occupational health services. With a primary focus to invest in community health centers across 17 Gulf Coast counties and parishes, PCCP engaged stakeholders, including 4 primary care organizations, over 20 federally qualified health centers, public health institutes, health information exchanges, national experts, academic organizations, and health departments along with their relevant community partners...
November 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960808/development-of-a-course-on-complex-humanitarian-emergencies-preparation-for-the-impact-of-climate-change
#15
Holly Williams, Elizabeth Downes
PURPOSE: The effects of climate change are far-reaching and multifactorial, with potential impacts on food security and conflict. Large population movements, whether from the aftermath of natural disasters or resulting from conflict, can precipitate the need for humanitarian response in what can become complex humanitarian emergencies (CHEs). Nurses need to be prepared to respond to affected communities in need, whether the emergency is domestic or global. The purpose of the article is to describe a novel course for nursing students interested in practice within the confines of CHEs and natural disasters...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956713/efficacy-for-dealing-with-terrorism-precautionary-behavior-laying-the-groundwork-for-communication-effectiveness
#16
Philip W Wirtz, Cynthia A Rohrbeck
In order to formulate effective communication and intervention strategies to respond to the widespread lack of preparedness for public health crises resulting from natural and human-made disasters, researchers have developed models describing the interrelationships between factors associated with emergency preparedness decisions. Empirical research has generally assumed that two key elements of most health behavior theories-self-efficacy and response efficacy-additively influence the decision to prepare, despite compelling theoretical rationale for an interactive relationship...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954180/an-interprofessional-approach-to-continuing-education-with-mass-casualty-simulation-planning-and-execution
#17
Deborah A Saber, Kelley Strout, Lisa Swanson Caruso, Charlene Ingwell-Spolan, Aiden Koplovsky
Many natural and man-made disasters require the assistance from teams of health care professionals. Knowing that continuing education about disaster simulation training is essential to nursing students, nurses, and emergency first responders (e.g., emergency medical technicians, firefighters, police officers), a university in the northeastern United States planned and implemented an interprofessional mass casualty incident (MCI) disaster simulation using the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) management framework...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949918/conducting-science-in-disasters-recommendations-from-the-niehs-working-group-for-special-irb-considerations-in-the-review-of-disaster-related-research
#18
Joan P Packenham, Richard T Rosselli, Steve K Ramsey, Holly A Taylor, Alice Fothergill, Julia Slutsman, Aubrey Miller
Research involving human subjects after public health emergencies and disasters may pose ethical challenges. These challenges may include concerns about the vulnerability of prospective disaster research participants, increased research burden among disaster survivors approached by multiple research teams, and potentially reduced standards in the ethical review of research by institutional review boards (IRBs) due to the rush to enter the disaster field. The NIEHS Best Practices Working Group for Special IRB Considerations in the Review of Disaster Related Research was formed to identify and address ethical and regulatory challenges associated with the review of disaster research...
September 25, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936143/assessment-of-readiness-of-academic-emergency-departments-in-the-central-region-of-saudi-arabia-to-receive-a-sick-child
#19
Fahad Saleh Alhajjaj, Abdullah Saleh Aldamigh
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the readiness of general emergency departments (EDs) in academic hospitals in the central region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) to manage pediatric patients using an international tool: The American Academy of Pediatrics, American College of Emergency Physicians, and Emergency Nurses Association guidelines, which include facilities, personnel, safety, and other components. METHODS: We assessed eligible centers during multiple visits from January 2016 to May 2016 in which we inspected the EDs and conducted interviews with their respective leadership in which we independently recorded our observations...
July 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934949/online-surveillance-of-media-health-event-reporting-in-nepal-digital-disease-detection-from-a-one-health-perspective
#20
Jessica S Schwind, Stephanie A Norman, Dibesh Karmacharya, David J Wolking, Sameer M Dixit, Rajesh M Rajbhandari, Sumiko R Mekaru, John S Brownstein
BACKGROUND: Traditional media and the internet are crucial sources of health information. Media can significantly shape public opinion, knowledge and understanding of emerging and endemic health threats. As digital communication rapidly progresses, local access and dissemination of health information contribute significantly to global disease detection and reporting. METHODS: Health event reports in Nepal (October 2013-December 2014) were used to characterize Nepal's media environment from a One Health perspective using HealthMap - a global online disease surveillance and mapping tool...
September 21, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
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