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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431554/a-need-to-accelerate-health-research-productivity-in-an-african-university-the-case-of-makerere-university-college-of-health-sciences
#1
Damalie Nakanjako, Dickens Akena, Dan K Kaye, James Tumwine, Elialilia Okello, Annettee Nakimuli, Andrew Kambugu, Hazel McCullough, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Moses R Kamya, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS) has taken strides in research and training to improve healthcare through collaborative training and research programs. However, there is limited data on the trends of MakCHS faculty contributions to research and on faculty growth to take leading roles in health research. This paper reviews MakCHS faculty research publications over 15.5 years and outlines possible strategies to enhance faculty research outputs...
April 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422704/influencing-factors-on-high-risk-sexual-behaviors-in-young-people-an-ecological-perspective
#2
Hoda Arabi-Mianrood, Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi, Elham Khoori, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Zohreh Shahhosseini
Background In recent years, high-risk sexual behaviors due to their negative consequences both for the individual and society have received more attention than other high-risk behaviors. Objective The aim of this study was to review the influencing factors of high-risk sexual behaviors among young people from an ecological point of view. Methods This review was conducted through searching databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar and the Cochrane Library with keywords such as sexual risk-taking behavior, high-risk sex, unprotected sex and unsafe sex...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420245/a-first-approach-to-a-neuropsychological-screening-tool-using-eye-tracking-for-bedside-cognitive-testing-based-on-the-edinburgh-cognitive-and-behavioural-als-screen
#3
Jürgen Keller, Amon Krimly, Lisa Bauer, Sarah Schulenburg, Sarah Böhm, Helena E A Aho-Özhan, Ingo Uttner, Martin Gorges, Jan Kassubek, Elmar H Pinkhardt, Sharon Abrahams, Albert C Ludolph, Dorothée Lulé
OBJECTIVE: Reliable assessment of cognitive functions is a challenging task in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients unable to speak and write. We therefore present an eye-tracking based neuropsychological screening tool based on the Edinburgh Cognitive and Behavioural ALS Screen (ECAS), a standard screening tool for cognitive deficits in ALS. METHODS: In total, 46 ALS patients and 50 healthy controls matched for age, gender and education were tested with an oculomotor based and a standard paper-and-pencil version of the ECAS...
April 19, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419738/academic-voice-on-feminism-presence-and-objectivity-in-writing
#4
Kim M Mitchell
Academic voice is an oft-discussed, yet variably defined concept, and confusion exists over its meaning, evaluation, and interpretation. This paper will explore perspectives on academic voice and counterarguments to the positivist origins of objectivity in academic writing. While many epistemological and methodological perspectives exist, the feminist literature on voice is explored here as the contrary position. From the feminist perspective, voice is a socially constructed concept that cannot be separated from the experiences, emotions, and identity of the writer and, thus, constitutes a reflection of an author's way of knowing...
April 16, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418607/current-trends-in-quantitative-proteomics-an-update
#5
Huiyan Li, Jun Han, Jingxi Pan, Teng Liu, Carol E Parker, Christoph H Borchers
Proteins can provide insights into biological processes at the functional level, so they are very promising biomarker candidates. The quantification of proteins in biological samples has been routinely used for the diagnosis of diseases and monitoring the treatment. Although large-scale protein quantification in complex samples is still a challenging task, a great amount of effort has been made to advance the technologies that enable quantitative proteomics. Seven years ago, in 2009, we wrote an article about the current trends in quantitative proteomics...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414582/educating-the-next-generation-of-family-caregivers-through-the-use-of-dynamic-case-studies
#6
Carol L Jenkins, Abby J Schwartz
Between 2008 and 2016, students in an Introduction to Gerontology course were required to complete a dynamic case study project simulating caregiving arrangement decision-making. Students were divided into groups representing typical multigenerational families, and were required to determine how to develop caregiving arrangements to respond to an older family member's changing levels of need. The assignment concluded with students writing a final paper summarizing what they learned. This study examined the themes emerging from student group case study papers to gain an understanding of the challenges students face in understanding the dynamics of making family-based caregiving decisions...
April 17, 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410820/-optimizing-post-operative-pain-management-in-latin-america
#7
João Batista Santos Garcia, Patricia Bonilla, Durval Campos Kraychette, Fernando Cantú Flores, Elizabeth Diaz Perez de Valtolina, Carlos Guerrero
Post-operative pain management is a significant problem in clinical practice in Latin America. Insufficient or inappropriate pain management is in large part due to insufficient knowledge, attitudes and education, and poor communications at various levels. In addition, the lack of awareness of the availability and importance of clear policies and guidelines for recording pain intensity, the use of specific analgesics and the proper approach to patient education have led to the consistent under-treatment of pain management in the region...
April 11, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408856/writing-skills-enhancement-for-public-health-professionals-in-rwanda
#8
Raywat Deonandan, Nodine Sangwa, Steve Kanters, Sabin Nsanzimana
In 2013, Canadian scholars delivered a 1-week workshop to 30 junior public health professionals in Rwanda. The goal was to improve the Rwandans' skills and confidence with respect to writing scientific papers for submission to international peer-reviewed global health journals. As a result of the workshop, there was a statistically significant improvement in participants' reported confidence in many aspects of navigating the publishing process, but no improvement in confidence regarding statistically analyzing their data...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401584/psychodynamic-couple-therapy-a-practical-synthesis
#9
Arthur C Nielsen
This essay reviews the most significant contributions of psychodynamic thought to the field of couple therapy. It distills the work of numerous clinicians and researchers who, though writing from diverse perspectives, share fundamental assumptions and concerns. Rather than emphasizing differences between schools of thought, this paper mines their best contributions in a discussion of five central therapeutic targets: underlying issues, divergent subjective experiences, transferences, projective identification, and acceptance...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397485/large-area-cross-aligned-silver-nanowire-electrodes-for-flexible-transparent-and-force-sensitive-mechanochromic-touch-screens
#10
Seungse Cho, Saewon Kang, Ashish Pandya, Ravi Shanker, Ziyauddin Khan, Youngsu Lee, Jonghwa Park, Stephen L Craig, Hyunhyub Ko
Silver nanowire (AgNW) networks are considered to be promising structures for use as flexible transparent electrodes for various optoelectronic devices. One important application of AgNW transparent electrodes is the flexible touch screens. However, the performances of flexible touch screens are still limited by the large surface roughness and low electrical to optical conductivity ratio of random network AgNW electrodes. In addition, although the perception of writing force on the touch screen enables a variety of different functions, the current technology still relies on the complicated capacitive force touch sensors...
April 12, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394105/introducing-scientific-writing-as-mandatory-topic-in-bachelor-nursing-program-experience-of-the-university-of-dubrovnik-croatia
#11
Mihaela Zidarić, Višnja Vičić-Hudorović, Narcis Hudorović
One of the methods that have been used to encourage student reflection skills is scientific writing. The purpose of this article is to discuss implementation of obligatory study topic with the main objective to increase the skills of scientific writing among students of Bachelor Nursing Curriculum and its relation to scientific publishing volume of Bachelor degree students from the University of Dubrovnik. By searching the local rank database called HRČAK, data were collected on publication volume of the Bachelor course students at the University of Dubrovnik from 2010 to 2014...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391207/evaluation-of-wearable-haptic-systems-for-the-fingers-in-augmented-reality-applications
#12
Maurizio Maisto, Claudio Pacchierotti, Francesco Chinello, Gionata Salvietti, Alessandro De Luca, Domenico Prattichizzo
Although Augmented Reality (AR) has been around for almost five decades, only recently we have witnessed AR systems and applications entering in our everyday life. Representative examples of this technological revolution are the smartphone games "Pok´emon GO" and "Ingress" or the Google Translate real-time sign interpretation app. Even if AR applications are already quite compelling and widespread, users are still not able to physically interact with the computer-generated reality. In this respect, wearable haptics can provide the compelling illusion of touching the superimposed virtual objects without constraining the motion or the workspace of the user...
April 5, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Haptics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390231/funder-interference-in-addiction-research-an-international-survey-of-authors
#13
Peter Miller, Florentine Martino, Samantha Gross, Ashlee Curtis, Richelle Mayshak, Nicolas Droste, Kypros Kypri
OBJECTIVE: Scientific research is essential to the development of effective addiction treatment and drug policy. Actions that compromise the integrity of addiction science need to be understood. The aim of this study is to investigate funder (e.g. industry, government or charity) interference in addiction science internationally. METHOD: Corresponding authors of all 941 papers published in an international specialist journal July 2004 to June 2009 were invited to complete a web questionnaire...
March 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385060/scientific-writing-in-the-laboratory-animal-sciences
#14
Beat M Riederer, Arieh Bomzon, Paulin Jirkof
Good communication is important for the dissemination of research results. Here, we summarize the advice that was given to authors at the LA seminar on scientific writing at the FELASA Congress 2016 in Brussels, Belgium on 13-16 June 2016, with the aim of improving the quality of submitted papers and of avoiding common mistakes in scientific reports. See www.felasa2016.eu .
January 1, 2017: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380972/rowland-ghost-suppression-in-high-efficiency-spectrometer-gratings-fabricated-by-e-beam-lithography
#15
Martin Heusinger, Michael Banasch, Uwe D Zeitner
In this paper we report different methods to improve the stray light performance of binary spectrometer gratings fabricated by electron beam lithography. In particular, we report the optimization concerns about spurious stray light peaks, also known as "Rowland ghosts". As already known these Rowland ghosts arise from a non-optimized stitching process of special subareas needed in order to fabricate large area gratings. One approach to reduce the impact of the stitching errors is the technique of "multi-pass-exposure" (MPE)...
March 20, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376994/building-emergency-public-information-structures-for-response-lessons-learned-from-new-york-city
#16
Nancy Silvestri
For an effective response, emergency public information operations should be structured to facilitate the provision of timely, accurate, accessible information to the public. A frequent challenge in building a public information structure is identifying the potential staff to allow the operation to get big enough, fast enough. A plan for managing public information operations should define roles to fulfil basic functions (responding to media enquiries, writing materials, disseminating information, media and social media monitoring, community engagement and identifying and addressing rumours)...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373557/quantitative-criticism-of-literary-relationships
#17
Joseph P Dexter, Theodore Katz, Nilesh Tripuraneni, Tathagata Dasgupta, Ajay Kannan, James A Brofos, Jorge A Bonilla Lopez, Lea A Schroeder, Adriana Casarez, Maxim Rabinovich, Ayelet Haimson Lushkov, Pramit Chaudhuri
Authors often convey meaning by referring to or imitating prior works of literature, a process that creates complex networks of literary relationships ("intertextuality") and contributes to cultural evolution. In this paper, we use techniques from stylometry and machine learning to address subjective literary critical questions about Latin literature, a corpus marked by an extraordinary concentration of intertextuality. Our work, which we term "quantitative criticism," focuses on case studies involving two influential Roman authors, the playwright Seneca and the historian Livy...
April 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370721/detection-and-imaging-of-thermochromic-ink-compounds-in-erasable-pens-using-desorption-electrospray-ionization-mass-spectrometry-desi-ms
#18
Amin Khatami, Shamina S Prova, Aafreen Bagga, Michelle Ting, Gurnoor Brar, Demian R Ifa
RATIONALE: Thermochromic ink pens are widely accessible worldwide and have gained popularity among the general public. These pens are very useful to undo mistakes while writing important documents or exams. They are also, however, extensively misused in committing crimes such as counterfeiting checks or wills. Thus, the forensics community is in need of techniques that will allow these forgeries to be detected rapidly, reliably and conveniently. METHODS: Thermochromic ink compounds were investigated using Desorption Electrospray Ionization (DESI) coupled with an LTQ mass spectrometer and Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC)...
March 30, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364938/experiential-and-authentic-learning-approaches-in-vaccine-management
#19
Umit Kartoglu, James Vesper, Hanna Teräs, Thomas Reeves
A high level of concern is placed on the storage, handling, transportation, and distribution of vaccines and other pharmaceutical products, particularly those that are time and temperature sensitive. While active and passive cooling equipment and monitoring devices are important, it is the various personnel responsible for executing and writing procedures, designing and operating systems, and investigating problems and helping prevent them who are paramount in establishing and maintaining a "cold chain" for time and temperature sensitive pharmaceutical products (TTSPPs)...
April 19, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358897/don-t-make-cache-too-complex-a-simple-probability-based-cache-management-scheme-for-ssds
#20
Seungjae Baek, Sangyeun Cho, Jongmoo Choi
Solid-state drives (SSDs) have recently become a common storage component in computer systems, and they are fueled by continued bit cost reductions achieved with smaller feature sizes and multiple-level cell technologies. However, as the flash memory stores more bits per cell, the performance and reliability of the flash memory degrade substantially. To solve this problem, a fast non-volatile memory (NVM-)based cache has been employed within SSDs to reduce the long latency required to write data. Absorbing small writes in a fast NVM cache can also reduce the number of flash memory erase operations...
2017: PloS One
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