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Writing papers

Till D A Grohmann
During the last decades, the focus in autism research has been progressively extended. Today it offers a large amount of material on sensorimotor disturbances as well as perceptive-cognitive preferences of people with autism. However, there are more and more critical voices against an intellectualist perspective in the cognitive sciences. The "enactive approach" as well as a new "movement perspective" to autism challenge the view of autism as a mere "cognitive" disturbance. They criticize the conception of a cognizing subject which is only interested in the world in as much as she/he can extract knowledge and organize it rationally...
November 18, 2017: Psychopathology
Dirk M Elston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Karim Sorkheh, Nazanin Amirbakhtiar, Sezai Ercisli
"This article has been retracted by the Publisher in agreement with the Editor-in-Chief, because it contains portions of writings on the same topic already published and without sufficient attribution to these earlier works being given. The principal authors of the paper acknowledged that text from background sources was mistakenly used in this article without proper reference to the original source. Upon investigation carried out according to the Committee on Publication Ethics guidelines, it has been found that the authors have duplicated or rephrased parts from other articles of which the main sources...
December 2017: Biochemical Genetics
Xin Su, Yu Jiang, Xiaoqian Sun, Suli Wu, Bingtao Tang, Wenbin Niu, Shufen Zhang
Patterned photonic crystals (PCs) have attracted considerable attention due to their great potential in practical applications. Direct writing is an important and convenient method to fabricate patterned PCs. However, due to the limited interaction among spheres and the evaporation of ink, the obtained patterns usually suffer from poor structure strength, and non-uniform and unstable structural colors. In this work, an in situ embedding and locking strategy for fabricating tough PC patterns in one step was demonstrated...
November 9, 2017: Nanoscale
Suprem R Das, Srilok Srinivasan, Loreen R Stromberg, Qing He, Nathaniel Garland, Warren E Straszheim, Pulickel M Ajayan, Ganesh Balasubramanian, Jonathan C Claussen
Solution-phase printing of exfoliated graphene flakes is emerging as a low-cost means to create flexible electronics for numerous applications. The electrical conductivity and electrochemical reactivity of printed graphene has been shown to improve with post-print processing methods such as thermal, photonic, and laser annealing. However, to date no reports have shown the manipulation of surface wettability via post-print processing of printed graphene. Herein, we demonstrate how the energy density of a direct-pulsed laser writing (DPLW) technique can be varied to tune the hydrophobicity and electrical conductivity of the inkjet-printed graphene (IPG)...
November 9, 2017: Nanoscale
Mahta Karimpoor, Nathan W Churchill, Fred Tam, Corinne E Fischer, Tom A Schweizer, Simon J Graham
The Trail Making Test (TMT) is widely used for assessing executive function, frontal lobe abilities, and visual motor skills. Part A of this pen-and-paper test (TMT-A) involves linking numbers randomly distributed in space, in ascending order. Part B (TMT-B) alternates between linking numbers and letters. TMT-B is more demanding than TMT-A, but the mental processing that supports the performance of this test remains incompletely understood. Functional MRI (fMRI) may help to clarify the relationship between TMT performance and brain activity, but providing an environment that supports real-world pen-and-paper interactions during fMRI is challenging...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Shadi Yaghi, Joshua Z Willey, Brett Cucchiara, Joshua N Goldstein, Nicole R Gonzales, Pooja Khatri, Louis J Kim, Stephan A Mayer, Kevin N Sheth, Lee H Schwamm
PURPOSE: Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) is the most feared complication of intravenous thrombolytic therapy in acute ischemic stroke. Treatment of sICH is based on expert opinion and small case series, with the efficacy of such treatments not well established. This document aims to provide an overview of sICH with a focus on pathophysiology and treatment. METHODS: A literature review was performed for randomized trials, prospective and retrospective studies, opinion papers, case series, and case reports on the definitions, epidemiology, risk factors, pathophysiology, treatment, and outcome of sICH...
November 2, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Mistire Wolde, Nega Berhe, Irma van Die, Girmay Medhin, Aster Tsegaye
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the serious non communicable diseases worldwide. Presence of DM patient in a family may be considered as risk factor for other family members to acquire the disease, due to DM inheritance nature and/or similar life style pattern among family members. This paper assessed awareness of DM patients' family members (DMPFMs) about DM occurrence and prevention. A cross sectional study was conducted in 2014 in two suburban cities of Ethiopia, namely Kemisse, and Kombolcha using an interviewer administered questionnaire among primary or secondary degree DMPFMs and controls...
November 2, 2017: BMC Research Notes
Zhikang Zeng, Yan Yu, Yongming Song, Ni Tang, Lei Ye, Jianfeng Zang
Highly sensitive strain sensors that can detect small strain are in high demand in the fields of displays, robotics, fatigue detection, body monitoring, in vitro diagnostics, and advanced therapies. However, resistive-type sensors that are composed of electrically conductive sensing films coupled with flexible substrates suffer from the limits that their gauge factors (GFs) at small strains (e.g., 0.1-1%) are not high. Herein, through frictional direct-writing of graphite rod on the composite paper substrates, we produced strain sensors with extremely high gauge factor at small strains...
November 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Satish G Patil
Medical research can have an enormous positive impact on human health. Health research improves the quality of human lives and society which plays a vital role in social and economic development of the nation. Financial support is crucial for research. However, winning a research grant is a difficult task. A successful grant-winning application requires two key elements: one is an innovative research problem with best probable idea/plan for tackling it and appropriate planning of budget. The aim of the present paper is to give an insight on funding agencies providing funding for health research including traditional Indian medicine (from an Indian perspective) and key points for planning and writing budget section of a grant application...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Kyunghun Kim, Jaehyun Bae, Sung Hoon Noh, Jaeyoung Jang, Se Hyun Kim, Chan Eon Park
Patterning and aligning of organic small-molecule semiconductor crystals over large areas is an important issue for their commercialization and practical device applications. This Letter reports "dragging mode" electrohydrodynamic jet printing that can simultaneously achieve direct writing and aligning of 6,13-bis(triisopropylsilylethynyl) pentacene (TIPS-PEN) crystals. Dragging mode provides favorable conditions for crystal growth with efficient controls over supply voltages and nozzle-to-substrate distances...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Tsendsuren Munkhdalai, Hong Yu
We present a memory augmented neural network for natural language understanding: Neural Semantic Encoders. NSE is equipped with a novel memory update rule and has a variable sized encoding memory that evolves over time and maintains the understanding of input sequences through read, compose and write operations. NSE can also access multiple and shared memories. In this paper, we demonstrated the effectiveness and the flexibility of NSE on five different natural language tasks: natural language inference, question answering, sentence classification, document sentiment analysis and machine translation where NSE achieved state-of-the-art performance when evaluated on publically available benchmarks...
April 2017: Proceedings of the Conference on Computational Linguistics
Shelia Guberman
Wertheimer's seminal paper of 1923 was of gerat influence in psychology and other sciences. Wertheimer also emphasized the weaknesses of the newborn Gestalt theory: too many basic laws, and the ambiguity of definitions. At the same time, the paper contained potential solutions to these problems, in the form of a number of very important ideas, some of which were presented implicitly: perception through imitation, communicative nature of linear drawings and writings, transfer from the visual domain to motor domain, linguistic interpretation of the Gestalt...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Yi-Li Wu
This paper analyses the medical activities of Hu Tingguang, an early nineteenth-century Chinese healer who specialized in treating traumatic injuries. Hu aimed to improve the state of medical knowledge about injuries by writing a comprehensive treatise titled Compilation of Teachings on Traumatology, completed in 1815. This work notably included a set of medical cases describing the experiences of Hu and his father, which Hu used to teach readers how to employ and adapt different therapies: bone setting, petty surgery, and drugs...
May 1, 2017: Social History of Medicine: the Journal of the Society for the Social History of Medicine
Ren-Bo Chen, Yao-Long Chen, Guo-Zhong Gai, Yan-Ming Xie, Yong-Yan Wang
At present, the study of clinical practice guide focuses on the quality of the guide, but not enough attention to the reporting standards of the practice guide, so how to standardize the report is an urgent problem in the field of evidence-based medicine. This paper uses the latest practice guidance reporting tool RIGHT standard, analyzes the latest two sepsis practice guidelines at home and abroad, and found that there are few problems in the basic information, recommendations and other information in 7 major areas, and many deficiencies in background, evidence, review and quality assurance, funding and declaration and management of interests, in particular, domestic guidance...
April 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Thomas M Caparrotta, Daniel J Antoine, James W Dear
PURPOSE: Paracetamol is one of the world's most commonly used drugs. In overdose, it is well established to be hepatotoxic. The aim of this review was to identify factors that have been, or actually are, associated with the development of liver injury after paracetamol exposure in humans. METHOD: Google Scholar and PubMed were searched on various dates between December 2016 and March 2017. Papers identified had their references analysed for further studies that might be relevant...
October 24, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
David Nelson, Leslie Ruffalo
There is an extraordinary burden placed upon the healthcare system and people as a result of health disparities that exist within the United States. If there is going to be a concerted effort to develop innovative strategies to reduce health disparities, input from the community and behavioral scientists can and should be included in this approach and narrative. Grant writing provides one vehicle to express the narrative and to provide a means to fund research and programs within clinic-based and community settings...
May 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
David Philip Miller
This examination of an important paper by Sydney Ross is the first in a projected series of occasional reflections on 'Annals of Science Classic Papers' that have had enduring utility within the field of history of science and beyond. First the messages of the paper are examined, some well known but others, particularly Ross's own contemporary concerns about the use of the word 'scientist', less so. The varied uses made of the paper by scholars are then traced before Ross's biography is examined in order to try to understand how a figure professionally marginal to the field of history of science came to write such a significant piece...
October 24, 2017: Annals of Science
Rachel Thompson, Ruth Manski, Kyla Z Donnelly, Gabrielle Stevens, Daniela Agusti, Michelle Banach, Maureen B Boardman, Pearl Brady, Christina Colón Bradt, Tina Foster, Deborah J Johnson, Zhongze Li, Judy Norsigian, Melissa Nothnagle, Ardis L Olson, Heather L Shepherd, Lisa F Stern, Tor D Tosteson, Lyndal Trevena, Krishna K Upadhya, Glyn Elwyn
INTRODUCTION: Despite the observed and theoretical advantages of shared decision-making in a range of clinical contexts, including contraceptive care, there remains a paucity of evidence on how to facilitate its adoption. This paper describes the protocol for a study to assess the comparative effectiveness of patient-targeted and provider-targeted interventions for facilitating shared decision-making about contraceptive methods. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a 2×2 factorial cluster randomised controlled trial with four arms: (1) video+prompt card, (2) decision aids+training, (3) video+prompt card and decision aids+training and (4) usual care...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
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