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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219265/womb-rentals-and-baby-selling-does-surrogacy-undermine-the-human-dignity-and-rights-of-the-surrogate-mother-and-child
#1
Clara Watson
The question of surrogacy has dominated much of the European human rights agenda over the last two years, at the time writing, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe hopes to adopt a resolution on surrogacy in the coming months. There is, however, danger in taking action at a supranational level to address the European 'surrogacy problem', without first honestly answering the question: does surrogacy undermine the human dignity and rights of the surrogate mother and child? This paper presents the case that surrogacy, by its nature, necessarily undermines the human dignity of both the woman and child born through such arrangements, and thus neither commercial nor altruistic surrogacy can ever be justified...
November 2016: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213725/toward-a-unique-definition-of-the-mutation-rate
#2
Qi Zheng
In around 1943, while writing a classic paper with Luria, Delbrück envisioned two kinds of mutation rates: One was expressed as mutations per bacterium per unit time, the other as mutations per bacterium per division cycle. Due to minor mathematical errors, the precise connection between the two concepts remained elusive for Delbrück. As a result, researchers and educators alike are still grappling with the definition of the mutation rate. Within the context of microbial mutation, the current author proposes an idealized model to bring new clarity to the distinction between the two forms of the mutation rate that Delbrück once attempted to define and characterize...
February 17, 2017: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210368/academic-primer-series-five-key-papers-about-team-collaboration-relevant-to-emergency-medicine
#3
Michael Gottlieb, Catherine Grossman, Emily Rose, William Sanderson, Felix Ankel, Anand Swaminathan, Teresa M Chan
INTRODUCTION: Team collaboration is an essential for success both within academics and the clinical environment. Often, team collaboration is not explicitly taught during medical school or even residency, and must be learned during one's early career. In this article, we aim to summarize five key papers about team collaboration for early career clinician educators. METHODS: We conducted a consensus-building process among the writing team to generate a list of key papers that describe the importance or significance of team collaboration, seeking input from social media sources...
February 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205346/do-professional-boundaries-limit-trust
#4
Elizabeth Smythe, Julia Hennessy, Max Abbott, Frances Hughes
The present study uses stories of mental health support workers talking about their relationship with clients to wonder about how trust might be limited by the professional boundaries of nursing. The writing arose out of an appreciative inquiry study looking at the role of mental health support workers. Participants talked about how they worked with their clients. As researchers, we were struck by the depth of trust that was built between worker and client. We have brought a phenomenological lens to wonder about the nature of trust, as shown in the data...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195017/book-review-how-not-to-write-a-medical-paper-heinemann-markus-k-how-not-to-write-a-medical-paper-uttar-pradesh-thieme-medical-and-scientific-2016-paperback-illustrated-104-pages-10-99
#5
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193674/winning-the-publications-game-the-smart-way-to-write-your-paper-and-get-it-published-4th-edition
#6
Pamela Warner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178911/bringing-mini-chalk-talks-to-the-bedside-to-enhance-clinical-teaching
#7
Michael B Pitt, Jay D Orlander
: Chalk talks - where the teacher is equipped solely with a writing utensil and a writing surface - have been used for centuries, yet little has been written about strategies for their use in medical education. Structured education proximal to patient encounters (during rounds, at the bedside, or in between patients in clinic) maximizes the opportunities for clinical learning. This paper presents a strategy to bring mini-chalk talks (MCTs) to the bedside as a practical way to provide relevant clinical teaching by visually framing teachable moments...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169344/rewritable-painting-realized-from-ambient-sensitive-fluorescence-of-zno-nanoparticles
#8
Kai-Kai Liu, Chong-Xin Shan, Gao-Hang He, Ruo-Qiu Wang, Lin Dong, De-Zhen Shen
Paper, as one of the most important information carriers, has contributed to the development and transmission of human civilization greatly. Meanwhile, a serious problem of environmental sustainable development caused by the production and utilization of paper has been resulted to modern society. Therefore, a simple and green route is urgently demanded to realize rewritable painting on paper. Herein, a simple route to rewritable painting on copy paper has been demonstrated by using eco-friendly ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) as fluorescent ink, and vinegar and soda that are frequently used in kitchen as erasing and neutralizing agents...
February 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168581/-letting-go-from-ancient-to-modern-perspectives-on-relinquishing-personal-control-a-theoretical-perspective-on-religion-and-coping-with-cancer
#9
Thomas V Merluzzi, Errol J Philip
The concept of "letting go" or relinquishing control has a long intellectual history, including the earliest Taoist writings, long-standing religious traditions, modern conceptualizations of religious coping, and current psychological control theory. This paper briefly traces the ancient roots of "letting go," with an emphasis on Stoic philosophers, and plants it firmly in current control theory and religious coping research, with a focus on its more modern conceptualization, that of secondary control. Presenting the theoretical perspective, which is grounded in religious conceptions of control of outcomes integrated with modern control theory in psychology, is the main goal of this paper...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157931/two-dimensional-refractive-index-modulation-by-phased-array-transducers-in-acousto-optic-deflectors
#10
Tiansi Wang, Chong Zhang, Aleksandar Aleksov, Islam Salama, Aravinda Kar
Acousto-optic deflectors are photonic devices that are used for scanning high-power laser beams in advanced microprocessing applications such as marking and direct writing. The operation of conventional deflectors mostly relies on one-dimensional sinusoidal variation of the refractive index in an acousto-optic medium. Sometimes static phased array transducers, such as step configuration or planar configuration transducer architecture, are used to tilt the index modulation planes for achieving higher performance and higher resolution than a single transducer AO device...
January 20, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141707/bullying-and-adhd-which-came-first-and-does-it-matter
#11
Robert Keder, Robert Sege, Peter C Raffalli, Marilyn Augustyn
Aiden, a 13-year-old boy in the sixth grade who is relatively new to your practice, is seen for follow-up after his routine physical last month when you noted concerns for possible attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and gave the family Vanderbilt Scales to complete. Aiden has a family history of ADHD, specific learning disabilities, and mood disorder.His mother reports that she is concerned about how Aiden is doing at school; his teachers are complaining that he is not doing his work, and she is worried that he may be kept back in school...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139209/improving-automation-standards-via-semantic-modelling-application-to-isa88
#12
Canan Dombayci, Javier Farreres, Horacio Rodríguez, Antonio Espuña, Moisès Graells
Standardization is essential for automation. Extensibility, scalability, and reusability are important features for automation software that rely in the efficient modelling of the addressed systems. The work presented here is from the ongoing development of a methodology for semi-automatic ontology construction methodology from technical documents. The main aim of this work is to systematically check the consistency of technical documents and support the improvement of technical document consistency. The formalization of conceptual models and the subsequent writing of technical standards are simultaneously analyzed, and guidelines proposed for application to future technical standards...
January 27, 2017: ISA Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134015/transforming-narratives-into-educational-tools-the-collaborative-development-of-a-transformative-learning-tool-based-on-nicaraguan-adolescents-creative-writing-about-intimate-partner-violence
#13
Robyn Singleton, María de la Paz Picado Araúz, Kathleen Trocin, Kate Winskell
The use of narrative has become increasingly popular in the public health, community development, and education fields. Via emotionally engaging plotlines with authentic, captivating characters, stories provide an opportunity for participants to be carried away imaginatively into the characters' world while connecting the story with their own lived experiences. Stories have been highlighted as valuable tools in transformative learning. However, little published literature exists demonstrating applications of stories in group-based transformative learning curricula...
January 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132055/atmosphere-on-the-phenomenology-of-atmospheric-alterations-in-schizophrenia-overall-sense-of-reality-familiarity-vitality-meaning-or-relevance-ancillary-article-to-eawe-domain-5
#14
Louis Sass, Matthew Ratcliffe
"Atmospheric" alterations are key aspects of altered subjectivity in mental disorder. Karl Jaspers famously described the "delusional mood": a sense of uncanny salience and ominousness that often precedes the onset of schizophrenic psychosis or of delusions. Such experiences, he writes, involve "a transformation in our total awareness of reality" that often verges on ineffability. In psychiatry, these experiential alterations are often referred to in terms of "derealization." Though derealization most obviously refers to a decline in the sense of objective presence or felt actuality, it can also refer to other unusual experiences in which things seem unlike normal or standard reality, including altered familiarity, vitality, meaning, or relevance...
January 28, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126631/spatial-and-dynamical-handwriting-analysis-in-mild-cognitive-impairment
#15
Jacek Kawa, Adam Bednorz, Paula Stępień, Jarosław Derejczyk, Monika Bugdol
Background and Objectives Standard clinical procedure of Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) assessment employs time-consuming tests of psychological evaluation and requires the involvement of specialists. The employment of quantitative methods proves to be superior to clinical judgment, yet reliable, fast and inexpensive tests are not available. This study was conducted as a first step towards the development of a diagnostic tool based on handwriting. Methods In this paper the handwriting sample of a group of 37 patients with MCI (mean age 76...
January 11, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113365/characterisation-and-modelling-of-meshed-electrodes-on-free-standing-polyvilylidene-difluoride-pvdf-films-for-enhanced-pyroelectric-energy-harvesting
#16
Daniel Zabek, John Taylor, Chris Bowen
Flexible pyroelectric energy generators provide unique features for harvesting temperature fluctuations which can be effectively enhanced using meshed electrodes that improve thermal conduction, convection and radiation into the pyroelectric. In this paper, thermal radiation energy is continuously harvested with pyroelectric free standing Polyvilylidene Difluoride (PVDF) films over a large number of heat heat cycles using a novel micro-sized symmetrical patterned meshed electrode. It is shown that, for the meshed electrode geometries considered in this work, the polarisation-field (P-E), current-field (I-E) characteristics and device capacitance are unaffected since the fringing fields were generally small; this is verified using numerical simulations and comparison with experimental measurements...
September 5, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109479/therapeutic-use-of-the-hpv-vaccine-in-recurrent-respiratory-papillomatosis-a-case-report
#17
Christopher Sullivan, Stuart Curtis, Jason Mouzakes
Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis (RRP) is a condition characterized by recurring squamous papillomas in the aerodigestive tract due to Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection. Treatment includes surgical debridement of the lesions often with adjuvant therapy. A newer adjuvant agent being tested is the HPV vaccine. The case report includes a child with RRP who underwent 10 surgeries in a year with an average inter-surgical interval (ISI) of 46 days. The patient then received the scheduled regimen of 3 doses of 9 valent HPV vaccine...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108912/the-concepts-of-hope-and-fear-in-the-islamic-thought-implications-for-spiritual-health
#18
Fatemeh Bahmani, Mitra Amini, Seyed Ziaeddin Tabei, Mohamad Bagher Abbasi
The Holy Qur'ān and medieval Islamic writings have many references to "hope" (rajā) and "fear" (khawf) as both single and paired concepts. However, a comprehensive analytical study on these two notions from an Islamic point of view still seems lacking. Both paper and electronic documents related to Islamic and Qur'ānic literature are being used in this study. Also Web resources are searched for keywords of fear, hope and Islam in three languages of Arabic, English and Persian, including Tanzil.net, Almaany...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105759/visualizing-indented-writing-on-thermal-paper-by-the-controlled-application-of-heat
#19
Matthew Johnson, John W Bond
Indented writing on thermal paper made with either one, two, or three sheets of paper above the thermal paper has been visualized by the controlled application of heat to the thermal paper at temperatures below the paper's normal color change temperature. Indentations created by applying a variable pressure to a steel letter stamp showed that, with one sheet above the thermal paper, indentations were more visible at lower pressures than with either two or three sheets above. Handwriting from 20 volunteers produced indented writing graded with most of the text clear and easy to read for all samples with one sheet above, half the samples with two sheets above and eight samples with three sheets above...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103404/hermeneutic-phenomenological-analysis-the-possibility-beyond-actuality-in-thematic-analysis
#20
Ken H M Ho, Vico C L Chiang, Doris Leung
AIMS: This paper discusses the ways researchers may become open to manifold interpretations of lived experience through thematic analysis that follows the tradition of hermeneutic phenomenology. BACKGROUND: Martin Heidegger's thinking about historical contexts of understandings and the notions of 'alētheia' and 'techne' disclose what he called meaning of lived experience, as the 'unchanging Being of changing beings'. While these notions remain central to hermeneutic phenomenological research, novice phenomenologists usually face the problem of how to incorporate these philosophical tenets into thematic analysis...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
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