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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333197/solving-moment-hierarchies-for-chemical-reaction-networks
#1
Supriya Krishnamurthy, Eric Smith
The study of chemical reaction networks (CRN's) is a very active field. Earlier well-known results (Feinberg 1987 Chem. Enc. Sci. 42 2229, Anderson et al 2010 Bull. Math. Biol. 72 1947) identify a topological quantity called deficiency, for any CRN, which, when exactly equal to zero, leads to a unique factorized steady-state for these networks. No results exist however for the steady states of non-zero-deficiency networks. In this paper, we show how to write the full moment-hierarchy for any non-zero-deficiency CRN obeying mass-action kinetics, in terms of equations for the factorial moments...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Physics. A, Mathematical and Theoretical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327925/writing-theory-and-modeling-papers-for-langmuir-the-good-the-bad-and-the-ugly
#2
David S Sholl, Zuihof Han, Shu-Hong Yu
Langmuir has a long tradition of publishing excellent theory and modeling papers. As of the time of writing, for example, two modeling papers from 2013 are among the most cited 10 papers in Langmuir from that year [1,2] and the most cited paper from Langmuir in 2016 is a theory and modeling paper [3]. At the same time, many manuscripts using theory and modeling are submitted to Langmuir but are ultimately rejected. Although Langmuir has a mandate to publish the highest quality work of all kinds relevant to interface science, there are some issues that exist that are specific to considering work based on theory and modeling...
January 12, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321491/selective-6h-sic-white-light-emission-by-picosecond-laser-direct-writing
#3
Sicong Wang, Lingfei Ji, Lin Li, Yan Wu, Yongzhe Zhang, Zhenyuan Lin
Displaying a full or tuneable emission spectrum with highly efficient is significant for luminescent materials used in solid-state lighting. Silicon carbide (SiC) has potential for use in photoelectric devices that operate under extreme conditions. In this paper, we present a method to selectively modify the photoluminescence (PL) properties of SiC by ultrafast laser direct writing. Based on this method, visible white PL could be observed by the naked eye at room temperature under ultraviolet excitation. By increasing the laser power intensity from 40 to 80 MW/cm2, the PL of the irradiated samples increased and pure white sunlight-like emission with controlled colour temperature was realised...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311533/a-modern-history-of-imperial-medicine-surrounding-hansen-s-disease-strategies-to-manage-public-opinion-in-modern-japanese-media
#4
Gijae Seo
The purpose of this study is to understand the reality of imperial medicine by exploring the strategic attitude of the Japanese authority targeting the public who were not patients of Hansen's disease. For this purpose, this study examines the mass media data related to Hansen's disease published in Korea and Japan during the Japanese colonial rule. Research on Hansen's disease can be divided into medical, sociohistorical, social welfare, and human rights approach. There are medical studies and statistics on the dissemination of medical information about Hansen's disease and management measures, the history of the management of the disease, guarantee of the rights of the patients and the welfare environment, and studies on the autobiographical, literary writings and oral statements on the life and psychological conflicts of the patients...
December 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305937/of-mice-and-men-traces-of-life-in-the-death-registries-of-the-1630-plague-in-milano
#5
Alfonsina D'Amato, Gleb Zilberstein, Svetlana Zilberstein, Benedetto Luigi Compagnoni, Pier Giorgio Righetti
The death registries of the plague epidemic of 1630, stored at the Archivio di Stato of Milano, have been interrogated via the EVA film technology (ethyl vinyl acetate film studded with crushed strong anion and cation exchangers as well as C8 resins). The EVA diskettes have been left in contact with the lower right margins of 11 different pages pertaining to the peak months of the raging disease (June through end of September) for 60-90min and then the captured material, after elution and digestion, analysed by mass spectrometry...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303247/simultaneous-microscopic-structure-characteristic-of-shape-memory-effect-of-thermo-responsive-poly-vinylidene-fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene-inverse-opals
#6
Maohua Quan, Bowen Yang, Jingxia Wang, Haifeng Yu, Xinyu Cao
The paper presents a simultaneous microscopic structure characteristic of shape memory Poly (vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) (PVDF-HFP) inverse opals together with a bulk PVDF-HFP by SEM. The materials show thermo-sensitive micro-shape-memory property, accompanying with a reversible and modulated optical property. The introduction of the inverse opal structure into the SMP material render a recognition ability of micro-structure change aroused from complex environmental signals by optical signal, the micro-structure change can be simultaneously detected by SEM...
January 5, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302968/writing-wrinkles-on-polydimethylsiloxane-pdms-by-surface-oxidation-with-a-co2-laser-engraver
#7
Lin Qi, Cody Ruck, Griffin Spychalski, Brian King, Benxin Wu, Yi Zhao
Surface wrinkles formed by the buckling of a strained stiff layer attached to a soft elastomer foundation has been widely used in a variety of applications. Micropatterning of wrinkled topographies is, however, limited by process/system complexities. In this paper, we report an approach to write surface wrinkles with desired pattern geometries on polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) elastomers using a commercial infrared laser engraver with the spot size of 127 μm. Wrinkled micropatterns with the wavelength from < 50 μm to > 300 μm were obtained in minutes without using special facilities or atmospheres...
January 5, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286123/-retracted-foxo1-is-crucial-in-glioblastoma-cell-tumorigenesis-and-regulates-the-expression-of-sirt1-to-suppress-senescence-in-the-brain
#8
Han Yan, Anhua Wu
The first author, Han Yan, wishes to retract the above article entitled 'FOXO1 is crucial in glioblastoma cell tumorigenesis and regulates the expression of SIRT1 to suppress senescence in the brain' to be published in Molecular Medicine Reports 17: 2535-2542, 2018. The article was submitted by the first author without the prior knowledge or authorization of the corresponding author, Anhua Wu, who did not participate in the design, preparation or the writing of the paper. The first author apologizes for the inconvenience caused in this regard...
December 27, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284031/perceptions-of-scientific-research-literature-and-strategies-for-reading-papers-depend-on-academic-career-stage
#9
Katharine E Hubbard, Sonja D Dunbar
Reading primary research literature is an essential skill for all scientists and students on science degree programmes, however little is known about how researchers at different career stages interact with and interpret scientific papers. To explore this, we conducted a survey of 260 undergraduate students and researchers in Biological Sciences at a research intensive UK university. Responses to Likert scale questions demonstrated increases in confidence and skill with reading the literature between individuals at each career stage, including between postdoctoral researchers and faculty academics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279361/cystic-fibrosis-2017-the-year-in-review
#10
REVIEW
Bruce K Rubin
It is always an exciting challenge to write a Year in Review artcicle identifying the best publications in the preceding year; in this case from October 2016 until the AARC meeting in October 2017. This is particularly true for cystic fibrosis (CF), where there has been an explosion of new data, new medications, and new understanding of the pathophysiology of the disease. PubMed lists more than 2,500 papers published during those 12 months, many of them outstanding. I am indebted to many colleagues and friends who are leaders in the CF community, active readers of the pediatric pulmonary listserv, and scientists and clinicians engaged in the care of CF, for offering their suggestions regarding which articles should be included in this review...
December 26, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278259/liveness-redux-on-media-and-their-claim-to-be-live
#11
Karin van Es
Increasingly media are asserting themselves as live. In television, this has been an important strategy and recently it has been employed by new media platforms such as Facebook, Periscope and Snapchat. This commentary explains the revival of live media by exploring the meaning and operations of the concept and argues the continued relevance of the concept for the study of social media. Traditionally, there have been three main approaches to the live in academic writing (i.e. liveness as ontology, as phenomenology and as rhetoric): each has its particular shortcoming...
November 2017: Media Cult Soc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275572/-how-to-write-and-publish-a-scientific-article-in-stomatology
#12
X J Gao
The general principles and key points in writing of a scientific article in stomatology were interpreted based on the national guideline and the author's personal experiences in the present article. Efforts should be made by the authors focusing on core information, refinement and description of their papers. In the second half of the article, the general process of paper review was introduced. The article also gave suggestions on how to response to the reviewers' questions. It is well recognized that a good scientific journal was created by good authors, good reviewers and good editors...
December 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273697/nuclear-medicine-technology-undergraduate-research-methods
#13
Cybil J Nielsen
Introduction: The purpose of this article is to introduce nuclear medicine technology (NMT) educators to a method of incorporating research methodologies into the curriculum. Methods: The research methodology in the NMT program at Indiana University (IU) is taught in five steps (1. Introduction to research articles and statistics 2. Mock project and individual project design 3. Data collection 4. Writing the research paper 5. Presenting the abstract and mentoring new students). These steps could be combined for programs of shorter length or with credit hour restrictions...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247180/generation-of-bioinspired-structural-colors-via-two-photon-polymerization
#14
Gordon Zyla, Alexander Kovalev, Markus Grafen, Evgeny L Gurevich, Cemal Esen, Andreas Ostendorf, Stanislav Gorb
Colors of crystals, pigments, metals, salt solutions and bioluminescence occur in nature due to the optical properties of electrons in atoms and molecules. However, colors can also result from interference effects on nanostructures. In contrast to artificial coloration, which are caused by well-defined regular structures, the structural colors of living organisms are often more intense and almost angle-independent. In this paper, we report the successful manufacturing of a lamellar nanostructure that mimics the ridge shape of the Morpho butterfly using a 3d-direct laser writing technique...
December 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245782/all-organic-electro-optic-waveguide-modulator-comprising-su-8-and-nonlinear-optical-polymer
#15
Edgars Nitiss, Andrejs Tokmakovs, Kaspars Pudzs, Janis Busenbergs, Martins Rutkis
In this paper we describe the principles of operation as well as the fabrication and testing steps of an all-organic waveguide modulator. The modulator comprises an SU-8 core and an electro-optic host-guest polymer cladding. The polymer properties are tuned in order to achieve single mode operation. We used direct-write laser lithography in two steps for the preparation of the devices. The electro-optic coefficient of the polymer is estimated from observing the modulation of the device operated in push-pull mode...
December 11, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235909/the-role-of-balint-group-training-in-the-professional-and-personal-development-of-family-medicine-residents
#16
Marty Player, John R Freedy, Vanessa Diaz, Clive Brock, Alexander Chessman, Carolyn Thiedke, Alan Johnson
This paper presents a study based on the participation of PGY2 and PGY3 family medicine residents in Balint seminars that occurred twice monthly for 24 months. Balint groups were cofacilitated by leader pairs experienced with the Balint method. Prior to residency graduation, 18 of 19 eligible resident physicians (94.5%) completed 30- to 60-min semistructured interviews conducted by a research assistant. Resident physicians were told that these individual interviews concerned "…how we teach communication in residency...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233402/the-use-of-twitter-to-facilitate-engagement-and-reflection-in-a-constructionist-learning-environment
#17
Shane P Desselle
OBJECTIVES: Determine students' self-reported use of Twitter in a health systems course and gauge their perceptions of its value and utility for self-guided supplementation of course material, and evaluate the quality of students' reflections from information they found on Twitter. METHODS: Students in a health systems course create a Twitter account to remain abreast of current developments in pharmacy and health systems. They were afforded the autonomy to follow organizations/individuals they chose and write reflective mini-papers on selected tweets from their Twitter feed prior to each course session...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219076/-it-takes-more-than-a-fellowship-program-reflections-on-capacity-strengthening-for-health-systems-research-in-sub-saharan-africa
#18
EDITORIAL
Chimaraoke O Izugbara, Caroline W Kabiru, Djesika Amendah, Zacharie Tsala Dimbuene, Hermann Pythagore Pierre Donfouet, Esso-Hanam Atake, Marie-Gloriose Ingabire, Stephen Maluka, Joyce N Mumah, Matilu Mwau, Mollyne Ndinya, Kenneth Ngure, Estelle M Sidze, Charles Sossa, Abdramane Soura, Alex C Ezeh
Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) experiences an acute dearth of well-trained and skilled researchers. This dearth constrains the region's capacity to identify and address the root causes of its poor social, health, development, and other outcomes. Building sustainable research capacity in SSA requires, among other things, locally led and run initiatives that draw on existing regional capacities as well as mutually beneficial global collaborations. This paper describes a regional research capacity strengthening initiative-the African Doctoral Dissertation Research Fellowship (ADDRF) program...
December 4, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214429/reduction-and-stability-analysis-of-a-transcription-translation-model-of-rna-polymerase
#19
Ismail Belgacem, Stefano Casagranda, Edith Grac, Delphine Ropers, Jean-Luc Gouzé
The aim of this paper is to analyze the dynamical behavior of biological models of gene transcription and translation. We focus on a particular positive feedback loop governing the synthesis of RNA polymerase, needed for transcribing its own gene. We write a high-dimension model based on mass action laws and reduce it to a two-variable model (RNA polymerase and its mRNA) by means of monotone system theory and timescale arguments. We show that the reduced model has either a single globally stable trivial equilibrium in (0, 0), or an unstable zero equilibrium and a globally stable positive one...
December 6, 2017: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211758/rubus-a-compiler-for-seamless-and-extensible-parallelism
#20
Muhammad Adnan, Faisal Aslam, Zubair Nawaz, Syed Mansoor Sarwar
Nowadays, a typical processor may have multiple processing cores on a single chip. Furthermore, a special purpose processing unit called Graphic Processing Unit (GPU), originally designed for 2D/3D games, is now available for general purpose use in computers and mobile devices. However, the traditional programming languages which were designed to work with machines having single core CPUs, cannot utilize the parallelism available on multi-core processors efficiently. Therefore, to exploit the extraordinary processing power of multi-core processors, researchers are working on new tools and techniques to facilitate parallel programming...
2017: PloS One
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