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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933321/introduction-of-basic-dermatologic-ultrasound-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#1
F Alfageme, E Cerezo, I S Fernandez, R Aguilo, A Vilas-Sueiro, G Roustan
Purpose: Teaching ultrasound procedures to undergraduates has recently been proposed to improve the quality of medical education. We address the impact of applying standardized dermatologic ultrasound teaching to our undergraduates. Materials and Methods: Medical students were offered an additional theoretical and practical seminar involving hands-on ultrasound dermatologic ultrasound during their mandatory dermatology practical training. The students' theoretical knowledge and dermatologic ultrasoud skills were tested with a multiple choice questionnaire extracted from Level 1 Spanish Society of Ultrasound Dermatologic Ultrasound accreditation exam before and after the course...
November 2016: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925798/excessive-time-on-social-networking-sites-and-disordered-eating-behaviors-among-undergraduate-students-appearance-and-weight-esteem-as-mediating-pathways
#2
Marisa Murray, Danijela Maras, Gary S Goldfield
Social networking sites (SNS) are a popular form of communication among undergraduate students. Body image concerns and disordered eating behaviors are also quite prevalent among this population. Maladaptive use of SNS has been associated with disordered eating behaviors; however, the mechanisms remain unclear. The present study examined if body image concerns (e.g., appearance and weight esteem) mediate the relationship between excessive time spent on SNS and disordered eating behaviors (restrained and emotional eating)...
December 2016: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918867/case-based-interprofessional-learning-for-undergraduate-healthcare-professionals-in-the-clinical-setting
#3
Jamal Nasir, Julie Goldie, Annabel Little, Debasish Banerjee, Scott Reeves
Interprofessional learning (IPL) within the healthcare setting has well documented positive outcomes for patients, yet it is not widely offered at the undergraduate level, particularly in a clinical setting. We set up case-based teaching scenarios involving a real patient, aimed at small groups of four students representing two or more healthcare professions. The aim of the sessions was to give students a greater awareness of the roles of all the different healthcare professions involved in patient care in a hospital setting...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917574/student-perceptions-of-exodontia-competency-assessment-in-a-uk-dental-school
#4
R Redford, C Durkan, V Sivarajasingam, C Emanuel
INTRODUCTION: Modern medical and dental training has migrated from assessing only the quantity of procedures performed to a combined assessment of both competency and quantity. This study explores student perceptions of competency assessment in exodontia at a UK dental school. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anonymous questionnaires were distributed to dental students in years three, four and five at the School of Dentistry, Cardiff University (n=149). Responses consisted of dichotomous tick boxes and 5-point Likert scales, with thematic analysis of free-text responses...
December 5, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917512/a-re-audit-of-the-technical-quality-of-undergraduate-root-canal-treatment-after-the-introduction-of-new-technology-and-teaching-practices
#5
A Donnelly, D Coffey, H F Duncan
AIM: To revaluate through re-audit the technical quality of undergraduate non-surgical root canal treatment (RCTx) in a dental teaching hospital as a result of recommended changes to teaching practices. METHODOLOGY: The technical quality of undergraduate RCTx was evaluated radiographically after educational changes and the mandatory introduction of new technologies (nickel-titanium files, apex locators, greater-taper gutta-percha points) in 182 root canals. Evaluation was based on 4 criteria; presence of voids, root canal filling termination (0-2mm of radiographic apex), all roots filled and the prepared canal contained the original anatomy...
December 5, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916255/mcq-construction-improves-quality-of-essay-assessment-among-undergraduate-dental-students
#6
Peter Yu Tsao Pan, Wendy Wang Chia Wei, Ling Loh Poey, Liang Shen, Victoria Yu Soo Hoon
A well-constructed essay is indicative of deep strategic understanding and is considered a valid assessment tool in many dental schools. It has been suggested that constructing MCQs could be an effective learning tool for students while at the same time contribute towards a pool of well-constructed MCQs that could stand up to scrutiny at high-stakes examinations. This study aimed to compare the quality of essays written by students trained and untrained in MCQ construction. The null hypothesis was that construction of MCQs did not result in higher grades achieved in "closed-book" time-limited assessment conditions...
December 2016: Singapore Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914724/medical-students-understanding-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-an-irish-perspective
#7
P G C Kielty, B R O'Connor, C J Cotter, A M C Goodson, K F B Payne, A Tahim
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMFS) remains an enigmatic specialty in Irish medicine and many students are unaware of its scope and the unique career pathway involved. We performed a multicentre cross-sectional study to identify their ability to identify the requirements for entry to specialty training year 3 (ST3) in OMFS, to assess their awareness of OMFS surgeons, and their general awareness of, and exposure to, the specialty. Data were collected through an electronic questionnaire. Participants were asked to select the most suitable surgical specialty to treat a number of common conditions in the head and neck, and to choose the requirements they deemed essential for specialist training...
November 30, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914357/moving-toward-heutagogical-learning-illuminating-undergraduate-nursing-students-experiences-in-a-flipped-classroom
#8
Rebecca D Green, Maura C Schlairet
BACKGROUND: Nurse educators rely on the tenets of educational theory and evidence-based education to promote the most effective curriculum and facilitate the best outcomes. The flipped classroom model, in which students assume personal responsibility for knowledge acquisition in a highly engaging and interactive environment, supports self-directed learning and the unique needs of clinical education. OBJECTIVE: To understand how students perceived their experiences in the flipped classroom and how students' learning dispositions were affected by the flipped classroom experience...
November 25, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914356/can-podcasts-for-assessment-guidance-and-feedback-promote-self-efficacy-among-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-qualitative-study
#9
Linda C McSwiggan, Maureen Campbell
BACKGROUND: Improving assessment guidance and feedback for students has become an international priority within higher education. Podcasts have been proposed as a tool for enhancing teaching, learning and assessment. However, a stronger theory-based rationale for using podcasts, particularly as a means of facilitating assessment guidance and feedback, is required. OBJECTIVE: To explore students' experiences of using podcasts for assessment guidance and feedback...
November 27, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909029/do-we-need-to-design-course-based-undergraduate-research-experiences-for-authenticity
#10
Susan Rowland, Rhianna Pedwell, Gwen Lawrie, Joseph Lovie-Toon, Yu Hung
The recent push for more authentic teaching and learning in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics indicates a shared agreement that undergraduates require greater exposure to professional practices. There is considerable variation, however, in how "authentic" science education is defined. In this paper we present our definition of authenticity as it applies to an "authentic" large-scale undergraduate research experience (ALURE); we also look to the literature and the student voice for alternate perceptions around this concept...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902949/use-of-simulation-based-learning-in-undergraduate-nurse-education-an-umbrella-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Robyn P Cant, Simon J Cooper
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review to appraise and review evidence on the impact of simulation-based education for undergraduate/pre-licensure nursing students, using existing reviews of literature. DESIGN: An umbrella review (review of reviews). DATA SOURCES: Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHLPlus), PubMed, and Google Scholar. STUDY SELECTION: Reviews of literature conducted between 2010 and 2015 regarding simulation-based education for pre-licensure nursing students...
November 22, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893909/curricular-path-to-value-integrating-an-academic-electronic-health-record
#12
Jennifer Sorensen, Linda Campbell
BACKGROUND: Regulatory mandates consistently focus on quality, safety, and improving patient care as better evidence surfaces. One of those mandates is the adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) across all patient care settings. New graduate nurses must know how to access patient data and document and synthesize patient information accurately to plan safe, quality care and mitigate potential errors. METHOD: In an undergraduate nursing program, the objectives were to provide faculty with simple teaching strategies that promoted ease of integrating an academic EHR (AEHR) across a curriculum, as well as to steadily increase students' use of an AEHR...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893586/spiritual-immersion-developing-and-evaluating-a-simulation-exercise-to-teach-spiritual-care-to-undergraduate-nursing-students
#13
Sharon Galloway, Mikel W Hand
This article describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a simulation exercise designed to teach spiritual care to prelicensure nursing students. Participation in a spiritual care simulation resulted in improved knowledge and attitudes relating to spirituality and spiritual care. The results from this study demonstrate the value of using simulation and spiritual assessment to teach students how to recognize and respond therapeutically to spiritual needs.
November 23, 2016: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891468/influence-of-teaching-strategies-and-its-order-of-exposure-on-pre-clinical-teeth-arrangement-a-pilot-study
#14
Karthigeyan Jeyapalan, Uma Maheswari Mani, Jayanth Christian, Madhan Kumar Seenivasan, Parthasarathy Natarajan, Anand Kumar Vaidhyanathan
INTRODUCTION: Teeth arrangement is a vital skill for the undergraduate dental student. The attainment of skills depends largely on the methodology of teaching. In a dental curriculum, the students are exposed to a wide variety of inputs and teaching methodologies from different sources. The educational unit in dental school must identify the sequence of teaching methods that enhance the learning and practising ability of students. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of three different teaching methodologies for teeth arrangement and compare the differences between the orders of exposure to each teaching methodology on the development of teeth arrangement skills...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891356/attitudes-and-perceptions-of-medical-undergraduates-towards-mobile-learning-m-learning
#15
Rakesh Narayan Patil, Balaji D Almale, Mrunal Patil, Amit Gujrathi, Supriya Dhakne-Palwe, Anuradha R Patil, Shriram Gosavi
INTRODUCTION: Mobile technology is one of the latest extensions of technological innovations that can be integrated into medical education. With the aid of these devices, students learn faster outside the classroom by having quick access to the internet and easy retrieval of required health related learning resources to keep alongside of recent trend and development. In medicine practice one has to continuously update his/her medical knowledge and mobile learning will serve as a tool for self-directed learning...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889715/bedside-infant-mannikins-for-teaching-newborn-examination-to-medical-undergraduates
#16
Sheila Samanta Mathai, Deepak Joshi, Mrigank Choubey
BACKGROUND: To study whether using infant mannikins during clinical posting could help in teaching newborn examination to undergraduate medical students. METHODS: 111 final MBBS students were taught newborn examination either by the new method which included practice on infant mannikins at the bedside before examining babies (Group 1) or by the traditional method which involved directly examining babies (Group 2). They were tested the next day by validated, OSCE stations on important aspects of the newborn examination...
November 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888597/team-based-learning-a-new-approach-toward-improving-education
#17
Rita Rezaee, Neda Moadeb, Nasrin Shokrpour
 Team-based learning is designed to provide students with both conceptual and procedural knowledge, aiming to enhance active learning and critical thinking. In the present study, team-based learning and lecture methods in teaching the "hospital organization and management" course among hospital management students were compared. This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 25 undergraduate students of management. Teaching sessions were divided into two parts. The first part was taught with interactive lectures and the second part with team-based learning method...
October 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886575/an-evaluation-of-the-appropriateness-and-effectiveness-of-structured-reflection-for-midwifery-students-in-ireland
#18
Louise Gallagher, Denise Lawler, Vivienne Brady, Colm OBoyle, Anna Deasy, Kathryn Muldoon
Midwifery students undertaking the undergraduate midwifery education programme in Ireland participate in facilitated reflective sessions that aim to develop their skills of reflecting on and in clinical practice. This paper presents a qualitative evaluation of the appropriateness and effectiveness of the facilitated reflection sessions for pre and post-registration midwifery students in two large Dublin maternity teaching hospitals. The aim was to evaluate structured reflective practice sessions which sought to assist midwifery students to become competent reflective practitioners...
November 14, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884788/the-virtual-dissecting-room-creating-highly-detailed-anatomy-models-for-educational-purposes
#19
Marijn Zilverschoon, Koen L Vincken, Ronald L A W Bleys
INTRODUCTION: Virtual 3D models are powerful tools for teaching anatomy. At the present day, there are a lot of different digital anatomy models, most of these commercial applications are based on a 3D model of a human body reconstructed from images with a 1 millimeter intervals. The use of even smaller intervals may result in more details and more realistic appearances of 3D anatomy models. The aim of this study was to create a realistic and highly detailed 3D model of the hand and wrist based on small interval cross-sectional images, suitable for undergraduate and postgraduate teaching purposes with the possibility to perform a virtual dissection in an educational application...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881445/fostering-21st-century-evolutionary-reasoning-teaching-tree-thinking-to-introductory-biology-students
#20
Laura R Novick, Kefyn M Catley
The ability to interpret and reason from Tree of Life (ToL) diagrams has become a vital component of science literacy in the 21st century. This article reports on the effectiveness of a research-based curriculum, including an instructional booklet, laboratory, and lectures, to teach the fundamentals of such tree thinking in an introductory biology class for science majors. We present the results of a study involving 117 undergraduates who received either our new research-based tree-thinking curriculum or business-as-usual instruction...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
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