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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748549/ultrasound-curricula-in-undergraduate-medical-education-a-scoping-review
#1
REVIEW
Usman Tarique, Brandon Tang, Manni Singh, Kulamakan Mahan Kulasegaram, Jonathan Ailon
The clinical applications of point-of-care ultrasound (US) have expanded rapidly over the past decade. To promote early exposure to point-of-care US, there is widespread support for the integration of US curricula within undergraduate medical education. However, despite growing evidence and enthusiasm for point-of-care US education in undergraduate medical education, the curricular design and delivery across undergraduate medical education programs remain variable without widely adopted national standards and guidelines...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747352/increasing-research-productivity-in-undergraduate-research-experiences-exploring-predictors-of-collaborative-faculty-student-publications
#2
Danielle X Morales, Sara E Grineski, Timothy W Collins
Little attention has been paid to understanding faculty-student productivity via undergraduate research from the faculty member's perspective. This study examines predictors of faculty-student publications resulting from mentored undergraduate research, including measures of faculty-student collaboration, faculty commitment to undergraduate students, and faculty characteristics. Generalized estimating equations were used to analyze data from 468 faculty members across 13 research-intensive institutions, collected by a cross-sectional survey in 2013/2014...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744821/evaluating-the-effect-of-instruction-and-practice-schedule-on-the-acquisition-of-ecg-interpretation-skills
#3
Sandra Monteiro, Lindsay Melvin, Joshua Manolakos, Ameen Patel, Geoffrey Norman
INTRODUCTION: Evidence of the benefit of distributed instruction and interleaved practice comes from studies using simple materials (e. g. word pairs). Furthermore, there is currently no evidence of the combined impact of these strategies in undergraduate medical education. The present study evaluated the impact of varying both instruction and practice schedules for the acquisition of ECG interpretation skills. METHODS: We conducted a 2 × 2 factorial study with two levels of instruction (massed and distributed) and two levels of practice (interleaved and blocked)...
July 25, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743693/can-facebook-pages-be-a-mode-of-blended-learning-to-supplement-in-class-teaching-in-saudi-arabia
#4
Khurshid Anwar, Muhammad Raihan Sajid, Peter Cahusac, Abdul Ahad Shaikh, Ahmad Elgammal, Ahlam Alshedoukhy, Junaid Kashir
The aim of this study was to examine the potential of a self-designed Facebook page on Neuroscience, to supplement in-class teaching as a mode of blended learning. Posts were split into multiple choice questions (MCQs), general interest articles, neuroscience-related external links and resources, and lecture notes and PowerPoint presentations. The study was divided into three distinct phases: before, during, and after the Neuroscience block. Student responses were evaluated via a self-developed questionnaire...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743692/an-idea-for-enhancing-undergraduate-research-at-rural-primarily-undergraduate-institutions
#5
Donald A Sens, Karen L Cisek, Pat Conway, Van A Doze
This study documents the efforts of the North Dakota (ND) IDeA Networks of Biomedical Research Excellence (INBRE) program to assist in the development of undergraduate research programs at four state-supported primarily undergraduate institutions (PUIs) in ND. The study was initiated in the 2004-2005 academic year and continues to the present. The study shows that gaining initial institutional support for undergraduate research was assisted by providing salary support for faculty involved in undergraduate research...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738058/establishing-a-library-of-resources-to-help-people-understand-key-concepts-in-assessing-treatment-claims-the-critical-thinking-and-appraisal-resource-library-carl
#6
John C Castle, Iain Chalmers, Patricia Atkinson, Douglas Badenoch, Andrew D Oxman, Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren, Lena Nordheim, L Kendall Krause, Lisa M Schwartz, Steven Woloshin, Amanda Burls, Paola Mosconi, Tammy Hoffmann, Leila Cusack, Loai Albarqouni, Paul Glasziou
BACKGROUND: People are frequently confronted with untrustworthy claims about the effects of treatments. Uncritical acceptance of these claims can lead to poor, and sometimes dangerous, treatment decisions, and wasted time and money. Resources to help people learn to think critically about treatment claims are scarce, and they are widely scattered. Furthermore, very few learning-resources have been assessed to see if they improve knowledge and behavior. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to develop the Critical thinking and Appraisal Resource Library (CARL)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734487/clinical-nurse-preceptors-perception-of-e-portfolio-use-for-undergraduate-students
#7
Chi-Ping Chang, Ting-Ting Lee, Mary Etta Mills
Nursing schools and hospitals form partnerships to foster nursing education. Clinical nurse preceptors (CNPs) have a profound influence on nursing students' Last Mile practicum. Assisting preceptors to prepare students as future staff nurses has become a critical issue. E-portfolios utilize digital access and hyperlinks to integrate student knowledge, skills, and achievements with teaching assessment, process and evaluation. Based on the school-hospital partnership, preceptors require a teaching application to facilitate student learning...
July 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729584/using-virtual-microscopy-to-deliver-an-integrated-oral-pathology-course-for-undergraduate-dental-students
#8
D J Brierley, P M Speight, K D Hunter, P Farthing
Dental students in the United Kingdom usually study histopathology as part of their undergraduate curriculum and this has traditionally been delivered using light microscopes in laboratory classes. Beginning in 2005, the oral pathology course in Sheffield was gradually modified by the introduction of virtual microscopy with a focus on creating a more integrated, clinically orientated and dynamic approach to student teaching and learning in histopathology. The purpose of this paper is to describe how virtual microscopy has been used to enhance dental students' learning of oral pathology, and its role in facilitating an integrated oral disease curriculum in Sheffield...
July 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724020/the-home-care-teaching-and-learning-process-in-undergraduate-health-care-degree-courses
#9
Ana Paula Hermann, Maria Ribeiro Lacerda, Mariluci Alves Maftum, Elizabeth Bernardino, Ana Lúcia Schaefer Ferreira de Mello
Home care, one of the services provided by the health system, requires health practitioners who are capable of understanding its specificities. This study aimed to build a substantive theory that describes experiences of home care teaching and learning during undergraduate degree courses in nursing, pharmacy, medicine, nutrition, dentistry and occupational therapy. A qualitative analysis was performed using the grounded theory approach based on the results of 63 semistructured interviews conducted with final year students, professors who taught subjects related to home care, and recent graduates working with home care, all participants in the above courses...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720423/undergraduate-clinical-teaching-in-orthopedic-surgery-a-randomized-control-trial-comparing-the-effect-of-case-based-teaching-and-bedside-teaching-on-musculoskeletal-osce-performance
#10
Martin Kelly, Iain Feeley, Fiona Boland, John M O'Byrne
INTRODUCTION: Musculoskeletal (MSK) complaints are the second most common reason for a hospital outpatient appointment in the US, and account for 19.5% of general practice consultations. Previous studies have shown that passive teaching in medical school does not imbue students with an adequate degree of confidence in MSK evaluation. The aim of this study was to conduct a randomized control trial to compare the effect of the gold standard small group tutorial of bedside teaching against case-based teaching (CBT) in relation to orthopedic surgery in medical students...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717985/basic-echocardiography-for-undergraduate-students-a-comparison-of-different-peer-teaching-approaches
#11
G Gradl-Dietsch, A K Menon, A Gürsel, A Götzenich, N Hatam, A Aljalloud, S Schrading, F Hölzl, M Knobe
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of different teaching interventions in a peer-teaching environment on basic echocardiography skills and to examine the influence of gender on learning outcomes. METHODS: We randomly assigned 79 s year medical students (55 women, 24 men) to one of four groups: peer teaching (PT), peer teaching using Peyton's four-step approach (PPT), team based learning (TBL) and video-based learning (VBL). All groups received theoretical and practical hands-on training according to the different approaches...
July 17, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712689/enhancing-medical-curricula-the-role-of-a-1-day-plastic-surgery-course-as-an-educational-adjunct-for-medical-students
#12
Harry V M Spiers, Alexander Zargaran, Aasim Nisar Murtaza, Amal Thomas, Mohammed Adil A Turki, Farida Ali
INTRODUCTION: Plastic surgery is underrepresented in medical school curricula. The St George׳s Surgical Society hosted a 1-day undergraduate course in plastic surgery. Our aim was to introduce students to plastic surgery and teach basic plastic surgical skills. METHODOLOGY: The skills day consisted of lectures from consultants and a core trainee followed by registrar-taught workshops in suturing, tendon repair, and local flap design. Precourse and postcourse questionnaires assessed perceptions of plastic surgery, confidence in performing basic plastic surgical skills, and usefulness of course components...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711522/engaging-with-primary-schools-supporting-the-delivery-of-the-new-curriculum-in-evolution-and-inheritance
#13
REVIEW
Paula X Kover, Emily S Hogge
The official school regulator in England (OFSTED) recently reported that the delivery of science lessons has been significantly diminished in many primary schools. There is concern that the lack of good quality science in school can reduce the recruitment of young scientists, and the level of science literacy among the general public. We believe university scientists and undergraduate students can have a significant impact in the delivery of science in primary schools. However, a relatively small proportion of scientists engage with young children to improve curricular primary school science education...
July 12, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708355/-undergraduate-training-in-physician-patient-communication
#14
Alexandre Berney, Pascale Pécoud, Céline Bourquin, Friedrich Stiefel
In addition to providing psychiatric care to patients with somatic diseases, liaison psychiatry plays an important role in the teaching of the relational aspects of the clinical encounter between patients and clinicians. This series of three articles proposes a critical reflection on this topic, and presents examples of undergraduate and postgraduate teaching programs developed by the psychiatric liaison service at Lausanne University Hospital. This article describes the general context of undergraduate teaching, and focuses on our training with simulated patient of a breaking bad news situation, taking place during the fourth year of medical studies...
February 8, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708354/-training-in-communication-medicine-and-its-discontents
#15
Céline Bourquin, Friedrich Stiefel
In addition to providing psychiatric care to patients with somatic diseases, liaison psychiatry plays an important role in the teaching of the relational aspects of the clinical encounter between patients and clinicians. This series of three articles proposes a critical reflection on this topic, and presents examples of undergraduate and postgraduate teaching programs developed by the psychiatric liaison service at Lausanne University Hospital. In this first article, we discuss the increasing unease we experience with regard to the way clinical communication is trained on the postgraduate level and we make specific suggestions of how to rethink the so-called communication skills training...
February 8, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707640/what-do-faculty-feel-about-teaching-in-this-school-assessment-of-medical-education-environment-by-teachers
#16
Syed Ilyas Shehnaz, Mohamed Arifulla, Jayadevan Sreedharan, Kadayam Guruswami Gomathi
BACKGROUND: Faculty members are major stakeholders in curriculum delivery, and positive student learning outcomes can only be expected in an educational environment (EE) conducive to learning. EE experienced by teachers includes all conditions affecting teaching and learning activities. As the EE of teachers indirectly influences the EE of students, assessment of teachers' perceptions of EE can highlight issues affecting student learning. These perceptions can also serve as a valuable tool for identifying faculty development needs...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702062/jargon-a-barrier-in-case-history-taking-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-dental-students-and-staff
#17
R Subramaniam, R Sanjeev, Suneesh Kuruvilla, Mathew T Joy, B Muralikrishnan, John Paul
BACKGROUND: The use of jargon has become very common in the healthcare field, especially in medical/dental records. Although the use of standard medical jargon can be seen as professional, efficient shorthand, a lack of awareness regarding the standard medical abbreviations and incessant and overzealous use of slang among the healthcare professionals can act as a barrier to effective communication and understanding among patients and peers. The aim of this study was to assess the acceptance and use of jargon in case history taking among clinical dental students and dental teaching faculty members of dental colleges in Ernakulam and Idukki districts of Kerala...
May 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693631/palliative-care-education-in-latin-america-a-systematic-review-of-training-programs-for-healthcare-professionals
#18
Cecilia Vindrola-Padros, Rosa Mertnoff, Cristina Lasmarias, Xavier Gómez-Batiste
OBJECTIVE: The integration of palliative care (PC) education into medical and nursing curricula has been identified as an international priority. PC education has undergone significant development in Latin America, but gaps in the integration of PC courses into undergraduate and postgraduate curricula remain. The aim of our review was to systematically examine the delivery of PC education in Latin America in order to explore the content and method of delivery of current PC programs, identify gaps in the availability of education opportunities, and document common barriers encountered in the course of their implementation...
July 11, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690688/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-to-brazil-of-the-scale-of-attitudes-toward-physician-pharmacists-collaboration
#19
Luiza Cunha, Sabrina Neves, Tatiane C Marques, Dyego Araújo, Thaciana Alcantara, Divaldo P Lyra
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing complexity of medication therapies and the expansion of pharmaceutical clinical services to optimize patient care working in collaboration with physicians. In this sense, interdisciplinary education has been encouraged. However, no instrument is available to measure attitudes toward collaborative relationships. OBJECTIVE: To translate, cross-cultural adaptation and validation an instrument to measure collaboration attitudes toward students of medicine/pharmacy and physicians/pharmacists...
April 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690446/making-primary-literature-come-alive-in-the-classroom
#20
REVIEW
A K Hartman, J N Borchardt, A L Harris Bozer
By the time young scholars graduate college, they are expected to be prepared for their career. The knowledge that they have gained during their undergraduate education is assumed to prepare them for their future occupation. Understanding primary academic literature is absolutely imperative for scientists who are expected to be able to read, understand, explain, and incorporate literature into their work. Unfortunately, many new graduates are only exposed to traditional learning methods such as textbook readings, lectures, or slide shows about primary literature...
2017: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
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