keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ocular trauma

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820158/systematic-analysis-of-ocular-trauma-by-a-new-proposed-ocular-trauma-classification
#1
Bhartendu Shukla, Rupesh Agrawal, Dhananjay Shukla, Sophia Seen
PURPOSE: The current classification of ocular trauma does not incorporate adnexal trauma, injuries that are attributable to a nonmechanical cause and destructive globe injuries. This study proposes a new classification system of ocular trauma which is broader-based to allow for the classification of a wider range of ocular injuries not covered by the current classification. METHODS: A clinic-based cross-sectional study to validate the proposed classification. We analyzed 535 cases of ocular injury from January 1, 2012 to February 28, 2012 over a 4-year period in an eye hospital in central India using our proposed classification system and compared it with conventional classification...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806382/orbital-cellulitis-following-orbital-blow-out-fracture
#2
Je Yeon Byeon, Hwan Jun Choi
Orbital cellulitis and abscess have been described in the literature as complication that usually occur secondary to infection in the maxillary, ethmoidal, and frontal sinuses. If left untreated, it can lead to blindness, cavernous sinus thrombosis, meningitis, or cerebral abscess. Orbital fractures are a common sequela of blunt orbital trauma, but are only rarely associated with orbital cellulitis. So, the authors present rare orbital cellulitis after orbital blow-out fracture. A 55-year-old Asian complains of severe orbital swelling and pain on the left side...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797041/repeat-low-level-blast-exposure-increases-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-1-trpv1-and-endothelin-1-et-1-expression-in-the-trigeminal-ganglion
#3
Elaine D Por, Melody L Sandoval, Chiquita Thomas-Benson, Teresa A Burke, Allison Doyle Brackley, Nathaniel A Jeske, Jeffery M Cleland, Brian J Lund
Blast-associated sensory and cognitive trauma sustained by military service members is an area of extensively studied research. Recent studies in our laboratory have revealed that low-level blast exposure increased expression of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) and endothelin-1 (ET-1), proteins well characterized for their role in mediating pain transmission, in the cornea. Determining the functional consequences of these alterations in protein expression is critical to understanding blast-related sensory trauma...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791071/periorbital-and-mediastinal-emphysema-after-upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-case-report-of-a-rare-complication
#4
Thankappan Lekha, Leelakrishnan Venkatakrishnan, Karuppannasamy Divya, Perumal Lavanya
PURPOSE: To report a rare case of periorbital emphysema concurrent with cervicofacial and mediastinal emphysema in an elderly woman who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for chronic liver disease. CASE REPORT: An elderly woman with decompensated chronic liver disease presented with features of periorbital, facial, and mediastinal emphysema, characterized with crepitant swelling over the right periorbital area, face, neck, and mediastinum after undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy...
July 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782234/causes-and-outcomes-of-dogs-presenting-with-hyphema-to-a-referral-hospital-in-colorado-a-retrospective-analysis-of-99-cases
#5
Maggie R Jinks, Francisco Olea-Popelka, Kate S Freeman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the causes of hyphema in dogs and identify factors associated with poor visual outcomes. ANIMALS STUDIED: Ninety-nine dogs (120 eyes) that presented with hyphema. PROCEDURE: Medical records from the Colorado State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital between the years 2004-2015 were reviewed. RESULTS: Overall, 36.4% of dogs were diagnosed with hyphema from systemic causes, 32.9% due to local ocular disease, 26...
August 6, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775091/limbal-cyst-following-blunt-trauma-in-an-operated-case-of-congenital-cataract-a-rare-scenario
#6
Amar Pujari, Deepa R Swamy, Harathy Selvan, Rohan Chawla
A 15-year-old male patient with the history of bilateral operated congenital cataract surgery 5 years back now presents with gradual painless diminution of visual acuity in left eye following a blunt trauma with a fist. Ocular examination showed a well-defined slightly bluish-tinged limbal-based conjunctival cyst without any irregularities in the anterior chamber/pupil. Intraocular pressures were 16 mm Hg in the right eye and 10 mm Hg in the left eye; retinal examination showed findings consistent with hypotonic maculopathy...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774513/evaluation-of-occupational-ocular-trauma-are-we-doing-enough-to-promote-eye-safety-in-the-workplace
#7
Helena Zakrzewski, Helen Chung, Emi Sanders, Christopher Hanson, Bryce Ford
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to document the use of eye personal protective equipment (PPE) by patients who had sustained an eye injury in the workplace and to evaluate the characteristics and outcomes of these patients. DESIGN: Case-control study. PARTICIPANTS: All adult patients who had sustained an eye injury in the workplace and presented to the urgent ophthalmology clinic of a tertiary care hospital from October 1, 2013, to November 30, 2014, were eligible for inclusion...
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771841/disturbing-the-balance-effect-of-contact-lens-use-on-the-ocular-proteome-and-microbiome
#8
REVIEW
Maureen Boost, Pauline Cho, Zhaoran Wang
Contact lens wear is a popular, convenient and effective method for vision correction. In recent years, contact lens practice has expanded to include new paradigms, including orthokeratology; however, their use is not entirely without risk, as the incidence of infection has consistently been reported to be higher in contact lens wearers. The explanations for this increased susceptibility have largely focused on physical damage, especially to the cornea, due to a combination of hypoxia, mechanical trauma, deposits and solution cytotoxicity, as well as poor compliance with care routines leading to introduction of pathogens into the ocular environment...
August 3, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761115/hypothermia-prevents-retinal-damage-generated-by-optic-nerve-trauma-in-the-rat
#9
Manuel Rey-Funes, Ignacio M Larrayoz, Daniela S Contartese, Manuel Soliño, Anibal Sarotto, Martín Bustelo, Martín Bruno, Verónica B Dorfman, César F Loidl, Alfredo Martínez
Ocular and periocular traumatisms may result in loss of vision. Hypothermia provides a beneficial intervention for brain and heart conditions and, here, we study whether hypothermia can prevent retinal damage caused by traumatic neuropathy. Intraorbital optic nerve crush (IONC) or sham manipulation was applied to male rats. Some animals were subjected to hypothermia (8 °C) for 3 h following surgery. Thirty days later, animals were subjected to electroretinography and behavioral tests. IONC treatment resulted in amplitude reduction of the b-wave and oscillatory potentials of the electroretinogram, whereas the hypothermic treatment significantly (p < 0...
July 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761031/indications-for-enucleation-and-evisceration-in-a-tertiary-eye-hospital-in-riyadh-over-a-10-year-period
#10
Saad A Al-Dahmash, Sawsan Saad Bakry, Nada H Almadhi, Lolwah M Alashgar
BACKGROUND: Enucleation and evisceration are eye removal procedures considered as palliative treatment when all other therapeutic options are exhausted. OBJECTIVE: Describe the causes and histopathological findings leading to enucleation/evisceration, and correlate the clinical findings with the histopathological findings. DESIGN: Retrospective, descriptive study. SETTINGS: Tertiary care hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
July 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757692/orbital-implant-exposure-following-enucleation-or-evisceration
#11
Huda Abdullah Al-Farsi, Buthaina Issa Sabt, Abdullah Said Al-Mujaini
PURPOSE: To study the exposure rate of orbital implant postenucleation or evisceration procedures in two tertiary hospitals in Oman. DESIGN: A retrospective, descriptive, cross-section study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients' records were reviewed for patients' demographics, surgical indications, implant types, follow-up and any reported complications after surgeries. Patients with a minimum of 1 year follow-up period were selected. All patients who underwent enucleation or evisceration with primary orbital implant were included in the study...
May 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757688/ocular-trauma-a-tertiary-hospital-experience-from-oman
#12
Haitham H Al-Mahrouqi, Naila Al-Harthi, Maryam Al-Wahaibi, Kishore Hanumantharayappa
PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiology of ocular trauma in a tertiary hospital setting in Muscat, Oman. METHODS: Medical records of all cases of ocular trauma which presented to the Emergency Department at Al-Nahdha Hospital and were seen by the ophthalmology service from January 1, 2013 to June 30, 2013 (6 months) were reviewed to collect data on ocular trauma according to the World Eye Injury Registry initial reporting form which uses the Birmingham Eye Trauma Terminology System...
May 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751985/public-awareness-regarding-common-eye-diseases-among-saudi-adults-in-riyadh-city-a-quantitative-study
#13
Waleed A Al Rashed, Amro K Bin Abdulrahman, Ahmed A Zarban, Mohammed S Almasri, Abdulrahman S Mirza, Rajiv Khandekar
AIM: The current study aimed to evaluate the knowledge of eye disease and awareness of eye care among the Saudi adults and to explore existing eye-related misconceptions in the community. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Riyadh city during May and June 2016. A self-administered anonymous online questionnaire was used to explore the most common misconceptions related to eye diseases and eye care. RESULTS: Out of 1000 individuals, only 711 (71...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724824/late-onset-descemet-s-membrane-detachment-20-years-after-penetrating-keratoplasty
#14
Sharon D'Souza, Narpat Solanki, K R Sushma, Priyank Solanki
This paper reports a case of spontaneous Descemet's Membrane (DM ) detachment 20-years after penetrating keratoplasty (PK). The patient presented with acute onset blurred vision in the right eye associated with mild ocular discomfort. There was no prior history of trauma. The patient had undergone PK in the right eye 20 years back. Detailed ophthalmic examination showed best corrected visual acuity of hand movements close to face in the right eye and 20/80 in the left eye. The right eye showed diffuse graft edema but no congestion, epithelial defect, or loss of continuity of graft-host junction to suggest a traumatic etiology...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723783/novel-surgical-management-of-cyclodialysis-cleft-via-anterior-chamber-perfusion-case-report
#15
Jinfei Tang, Ergang Du, Jie Wang
RATIONALE: Cyclodialysis cleft is a relatively rare but severe condition with persistent ocular hypotony, which can cause morphologic changes and visual loss. Here we report a case of a traumatic cyclodialysis cleft that was successfully managed with direct cyclopexy via anterior chamber perfusion. During the operation, if there is aqueous humor flowing out of the deep scleral incision, the cleft is not closed, and surgery should continue until there is no aqueous outflow. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 66-year-old man was treated for severe blunt ocular trauma of the left eye and a resultant cyclodialysis cleft, lens subluxation, choroidal detachment and a cataract...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721848/evaluation-of-biofilm-specific-antimicrobial-resistance-genes-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-isolates-in-farabi-hospital
#16
Mahmood Saffari, Shabnam Karami, Farzaneh Firoozeh, Mojtaba Sehat
BACKGROUND: Biofilm produced from Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the cause of infection induced by contact lenses, trauma and post-surgery infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate biofilm formation and the presence of the genes ndvB and tssC1 in ocular infection isolates of P. aeruginosa. METHODS: A total of 92 P. aeruginosa strains were collected from patients with ocular infection referred to Farabi Hospital between March 2014 and July 2015. Antibiotic susceptibility patterns were evaluated by the agar disc-diffusion method according to CLSI guidelines...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721318/infective-endocarditis-presenting-as-bilateral-orbital-cellulitis-an-unusual-case
#17
Talal Asif, Badar Hasan, Rehman Ukani, Rebecca R Pauly
Orbital cellulitis is a severe and sight-threatening infection of orbital tissues posterior to the orbital septum. The most common causes of orbital cellulitis are rhinosinusitis, orbital trauma, and surgery. Infective endocarditis (IE) is a systemic infection that begins on cardiac valves and spreads by means of the bloodstream to peripheral organs. Septic emboli can spread to any organ including the eyes and can cause focal or diffuse ophthalmic infection. Ocular complications of IE classically include Roth's spots, subconjunctival hemorrhages, chorioretinitis, and endophthalmitis...
June 14, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708222/multimodal-imaging-in-a-patient-with-traumatic-choroidal-ruptures
#18
Luisa Pierro, Chiara Giuffrè, Alessandro Rabiolo, Marco Gagliardi, Alessandro Arrigo, Francesco Bandello
PURPOSE: To describe the case and the follow-up of a traumatic choroidal rupture characterized by means of multimodal imaging including color fundus photographs, infrared reflectance, blue autofluorescence, swept-source optical coherence tomography, fluorescein angiography (FA), indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A). METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 17-year-old boy was referred to our clinic complaining of reduction in visual acuity in the right eye (RE) after a blunt ocular trauma during a soccer match...
July 5, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706880/a-novel-method-for-the-management-of-anophthalmic-socket
#19
Srinivasa B Rao, Savita Akki, Deepak Kumar, Sunil Kumar Mishra
An orbital defect causes severe facial asymmetry and disfigurement that result in an immense emotional trauma to the patient and is also associated with economic, esthetic, and psychological problems. A prosthetic replacement is the treatment of choice in helping individual to return to his normal life by producing an acceptable and lifelike appearance. This case report describes the critical areas of fabrication of ocular prosthesis for a patient with missing right eye due to trauma to eye ball in an accident...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706770/open-globe-injury-with-an-interesting-intra-ocular-foreign-body
#20
Ekjyot Gill, Matthew Shulman, Sid Schechet, Lawson Grumbine
Introduction: Cases of penetrating ocular trauma due to osseous material are limited, so reported incidents are valuable in determining outcomes and proper treatment courses. Case description: We report a case of an open globe injury of the left eye with an intraocular foreign body occurring after a firework exploded in the hand of a 22-year-old man. The patient presented with light perception vision in the injured eye with a full-thickness limbal laceration and dense hyphema obscuring fundoscopy. CT scan revealed a hyperdense foreign body juxtaposed to the lens...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
keyword
keyword
59390
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"