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Ocular trauma

Hazal Boral, Anne van Diepeningen, Elif Erdem, Meltem Yağmur, G Sybren de Hoog, Macit Ilkit, Jacques F Meis, Abdullah M S Al-Hatmi
Owing to a lack of appropriate diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for mycotic keratitis, approximately one million cases of preventable corneal blindness are reported each year. The number of keratitis cases due to infection with Fusarium is increasing significantly worldwide, many of which are not treated adequately and in a timely manner due to frequent misdiagnosis. In the current report, we describe three cases of keratitis caused by Fusarium solani sensu stricto (FSSC5) from Turkey and The Netherlands, following ocular trauma...
June 21, 2018: Mycopathologia
Valerie Menezes, Ugam P S Usgaonkar
Ocular Trauma by the peck of a hen can cause grievious eye injuries. We report a rare case of uniocular blindness in a 5 year old girl ,following a hen peck which caused a penetrating eye injury along with a total retinal detachment.
May 2018: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
Yueqing He, Shaoxue Zeng, Yunni Zhang, Junjun Zhang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis was made to measure risk factors for retinal redetachment (re-RD) after silicone oil removal (SOR) in a quantitative method. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A comprehensive literature review relating to risk factors for re-RD after SOR was conducted before March 2017. Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated after data combination. RESULTS: Sixteen studies were included, and risk factors with significant differences found between the re-RD and control groups are as follows: aphakic eye (OR = 1...
June 1, 2018: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
Alexandra Manta, Shoaib Ugradar, Maria Theodorou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
Iheukwumere Duru, Maria Napier, Abdus Samad Ansari, Sinead Coyle, Srikandan Kamalarajah, Stephen White, A Jonathan Jackson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to establish an up-to-date baseline of the profile of patients using the National Artificial Eye Service in Northern Ireland and to understand key areas of service provision, to contribute to patient and health-care provider education, and thus to improve patient outcomes for future researchers. METHODS: A prospective audit of artificial eye wearers attending the Northern Ireland National Artificial Eye Service between May 18, 2015 and June 26, 2015 was conducted...
June 19, 2018: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
G Koki, G Helles, Y Bilong, P Biangoup, H Aboubakar, E Epée, A L Bella, C Ebana Mvogo
PURPOSE: To study the characteristics of blindness after ocular trauma. METHODOLOGY: In this retrospective descriptive study, we considered the files of patients who had consulted the service for ocular trauma between January 2008 and December 2014. Included were patients of both sexes and all ages whose monocular or binocular vision with best optical correction was strictly below 1/20. Statistical analysis was performed with EPI Info version 3.5.4 software, and the Chi2  test was used with statistically significant values of P≤0...
June 15, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Simon D Carr, John A Rutka
INTRODUCTION: Bilateral posterior semicircular canal (PSCC) occlusion is a successful treatment of bilateral benign positional vertigo (BPV) refractory to particle repositioning manoeuvers. Little about the effects on the vestibular ocular reflex (VOR) postoperatively, which is the intent of this study. METHODS: All patients who underwent bilateral posterior canal occlusion for BPV at the University Health Network by the senior author (J.A.R.) between 2001 and 2017 with pre- and postoperative vestibular testing were included in the study...
June 15, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Kari Schneider, Hai Nguyen-Tran, Bradley J Segura, Raymond G Areaux, Dan Nerheim, Jeffrey P Louie
The purpose of this study is to describe pediatric ocular injuries presenting to a level-III pediatric trauma center and emergency department. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study and identified children from January 1, 2011, to January 1, 2016. Charts were reviewed for any subject, age from newborn to younger than 18 years, based on International Classification of Diseases, ninth and tenth revision, codes for any ocular injury. Data abstraction included age, sex, means of arrival, eye involved, mechanism of injury, type of ocular injury, imaging studies obtained, procedures performed, location of definitive repair (in the operating room or emergency department), and subspecialty services involved...
June 14, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Ivey L Thornton, Brian K McMains, Michael E Snyder
PURPOSE: To report the safety and efficacy of single-port pars plana anterior vitrectomy. SETTING: Cincinnati Eye Institute, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Eyes that had anterior vitrectomy from September 2010 to June 2016 were electronically identified. Charts were reviewed for demographics, history of ocular trauma, underlying ocular or systemic comorbidity, surgical indications, outcomes, and postoperative complications...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Fernanda Maria Silveira Souto, Bárbara Vilela Giampietro, Julia Thiemi Takiuti, Lucia Maria Arruda Campos, Carlos Eduardo Hirata, Joyce Hisae Yamamoto
AIMS: To analyse the clinical features, systemic associations, treatment and visual outcomes of uveitis in children from a referral centre in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: Clinical records of patients under 16 years old who attended the Uveitis Service, Hospital das Clinicas, Faculdadede Medicina, Universidade de São PauloFMUSP, between April and September 2017, were reviewed retrospectively. Patients with incomplete medical records, previous ocular trauma, or less than six6 months of follow-up were excluded...
June 15, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
P Neira-Ibáñez, R Clemente-Tomás, L Manfreda-Domínguez, Á Olate-Pérez, R Escudero-Igualada, A Duch-Samper
Clinical case The case concerns a 10-year-old boy of African origin, who suffered a mild ocular trauma to the left eye. Upon examination, the best visual acuity was 0.2 using the Snellen scale, with a 1mm height hyphema, intraocular pressure (IOP) of 12mmHg on left eye, with an increase up to 20mmHg within 72h. With a positive test for sickle cell disease, it was decided to treat medically with transcorneal oxygen therapy. Clearing of the anterior chamber was achieved, with and improvement in the best visual acuity to 0...
June 12, 2018: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
Koushik Tripathy, Rohan Chawla, Shreyas Temkar, Pradeep Sagar, Seema Kashyap, Neelam Pushker, Yog Raj Sharma
Phthisis bulbi denotes end-stage eye disease characterized by shrinkage and disorganization of the eye with the resultant functional loss. The major factors associated with the pathogenesis of phthisis are hypotony, deranged blood-ocular barriers, and inflammation. Common causes include trauma, surgery, infection, inflammation, malignancy, retinal detachment, and vascular lesions. A phthisical globe shows a small squared off shape, opaque and thickened cornea, thickened sclera, neovascularization of iris, cataract, cyclitic membrane, ciliochoroidal detachment, and retinal detachment...
June 14, 2018: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Meiqi Ji, Yali Qin, Yingxin Zi, Rui Wang, Huan Meng, Zongchun Yang, Qi Zhao, Ming Jin
BACKGROUND: Ophthalmoplegia is a disease that affects many people every year and is caused by reasons, such as cavernous sinus lesion, intracranial aneurysm, diabetes, and trauma. Acupuncture has been widely used to treat ophthalmological diseases especially ophthalmoplegia in China. Many clinical trials indicate that acupuncture may promote the recovery of extraocular muscles in ophthalmoplegia patients. We aim to conduct a meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for ophthalmoplegia...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Suresh Kumar, Parul Ichhpujani, Sahil Thakur, Rohan Bir Singh
We report a rare case of traumatic corneal perforation with Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) tube. A 5-year-old female child, diagnosed with refractory glaucoma, had undergone AGV implantation, presented with the posterior migration of AGV tube after trauma to the eye. The detailed ocular history, ophthalmic findings, clinical course and surgical management are discussed.
June 11, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Gerd Geerling, Walter Lisch, David Finis
The corneal epithelium is the most important structure of the ocular optical system. Recurrent corneal erosions can result from inflammation, trauma, degeneration and dystrophies. Epithelial basement membrane dystrophy (EBMD), epithelial recurrent erosion dystrophy (ERED) and Francheschetti and Meesmann's epithelial corneal dystrophy (MECD) can all - besides other signs and symptoms - result in more or less frequent corneal erosions. The pathomechanisms involved however are different. In EBMD, corneal erosions are facultative and clinical signs are often subtle...
June 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Xiaoqi Geng, Xiaoyu Liu, Wei Wei, Yawei Wang, Lizhen Wang, Kinon Chen, Hongqiang Huo, Yuanjie Zhu, Yubo Fan
Purpose: To evaluate retinal damage as the result of craniomaxillofacial trauma and explain its pathogenic mechanism using finite element (FE) simulation. Methods: Computed tomography (CT) images of an adult man were obtained to construct a FE skull model. A FE skin model was built to cover the outer surface of the skull model. A previously validated FE right eye model was symmetrically copied to create a FE left eye model, and both eye models were assembled to the skull model...
May 2018: Translational Vision Science & Technology
Azusa Fujikawa, Yasser Helmy Mohamed, Hirofumi Kinoshita, Makiko Matsumoto, Masafumi Uematsu, Eiko Tsuiki, Kiyoshi Suzuma, Takashi Kitaoka
BACKGROUND: Ocular trauma is an important cause of visual loss worldwide. Improvements in our knowledge of the pathophysiology and management of ocular trauma during the past 30 years, in conjunction with advances in the instrumentation and techniques of ocular surgery, have improved the efficacy of vitreoretinal surgery in injured eyes. The aim of the current study was to determine the visual outcomes and prognostic factors of open-globe injuries in the Japanese population. METHODS: Retrospective study of 59 eyes of 59 patients presented with open globe injuries between September 2008 and March 2014 at Nagasaki University Hospital was conducted...
June 8, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
Eleftheria Matsa, Junxin Shi, Krista K Wheeler, Tara McCarthy, Mary Lou McGregor, Julie C Leonard
Importance: There is a lack of literature describing the incidence of pediatric acute ocular injury and associated likelihood of vision loss in the United States. Understanding national pediatric eye injury trends may inform future efforts to prevent ocular trauma. Objective: To characterize pediatric acute ocular injury in the United States using data from a stratified, national sample of emergency department (ED) visits. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective cohort study was conducted...
June 7, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
Deepa Talreja, Siobhan M Cashman, Bhanu Dasari, Binit Kumar, Rajendra Kumar-Singh
There is currently no efficient method available for the delivery of full length functional proteins into the cytoplasm of retinal cells in vivo. Historically, the most successful approach for the treatment of retinal diseases has been intravitreal injection of antibodies or recombinant proteins, but this approach is not yet utilized for the delivery of proteins that require intracellular access for a therapeutic effect. Here we describe a platform for the delivery of functional proteins into ganglion cells, photoreceptors and retinal pigment epithelium via intravitreal injection...
June 1, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
Jasmin Zvorničanin, Ferenc Kuhn, Meliha Halilbašić, Zlatko Mušanović
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
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