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Pancreatic cysts

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233670/safety-and-efficacy-of-lumen-apposing-metal-stents-with-and-without-simultaneous-double-pigtail-plastic-stents-for-draining-pancreatic
#1
Murad Aburajab, Zachary Smith, Abdul Khan, Kulwinder Dua
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Lumen-apposing metal stents (LAMSs) are used to perform necrosectomy in walled-off necrosis (WON). Although necrosectomy is not required for pancreatic pseudocyst (PP), an increasing number of PPs are also being drained with LAMSs in view of their ease of deployment. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of using LAMSs to drain PPs. METHODS: At one tertiary center, from January 2014 to May 2016, all consecutive patients with PPs were drained by LAMSs, and the data were retrospectively reviewed...
December 9, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233499/the-role-of-the-carboxyl-ester-lipase-cel-gene-in-pancreatic-disease
#2
REVIEW
Bente B Johansson, Karianne Fjeld, Khadija El Jellas, Anny Gravdal, Monica Dalva, Erling Tjora, Helge Ræder, Rohit N Kulkarni, Stefan Johansson, Pål R Njølstad, Anders Molven
The enzyme carboxyl ester lipase (CEL), also known as bile salt-dependent or -stimulated lipase (BSDL, BSSL), hydrolyzes dietary fat, cholesteryl esters and fat-soluble vitamins in the duodenum. CEL is mainly expressed in pancreatic acinar cells and lactating mammary glands. The human CEL gene resides on chromosome 9q34.3 and contains a variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) region that encodes a mucin-like protein tail. Although the number of normal repeats does not appear to significantly influence the risk for pancreatic disease, single-base pair deletions in the first VNTR repeat cause a syndrome of endocrine and exocrine dysfunction denoted MODY8...
December 5, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232660/vanishing-pancreatic-cysts-during-follow-up-another-step-towards-de-emphasizing-cyst-size-as-a-major-clinical-predictor-of-malignancy
#3
Giovanni Marchegiani, Stefano Andrianello, Giampaolo Perri, Deborah Bonamini, Riccardo De Robertis, Giuseppe Malleo, Claudio Bassi, Roberto Salvia
INTRODUCTION: In the management of pancreatic cystic neoplasms (PCN), size plays a crucial role as the expression of disease progression. While many evidences regarding the natural history of growing pancreatic cysts exist, almost no data are available regarding cysts with a reduction in size. METHODS: Radiological and clinical data from patients of the dedicated pancreatic cysts outpatient clinic of the Department of General and Pancreatic Surgery, University of Verona Hospital were retrospectively reviewed...
December 12, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229290/simple-detection-of-telomere-fusions-in-pancreatic-cancer-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-and-pancreatic-cyst-fluid
#4
Tatsuo Hata, Marco Dal Molin, Anne McGregor-Das, Tae Jun Song, Christopher Wolfgang, James R Eshleman, Ralph H Hruban, Michael Goggins
Telomere end-to-end fusions are an important source of chromosomal instability that arise in cells with critically shortened telomeres. We developed a nested real-time quantitative PCR method for telomere fusion detection in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas, intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs), and IPMN cyst fluids. Ninety-one pancreatic cancer cell lines and xenograft samples, 93 IPMNs, and 93 surgically aspirated IPMN cyst fluid samples were analyzed. The association between telomere shortening, telomerase activity, and telomere fusion detection was evaluated...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics: JMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228431/the-association-of-pancreatic-cystosis-and-ipmn-in-cystic-fibrosis-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
D Pagliari, A Saviano, M L Serricchio, A A Dal Lago, M G Brizi, R Manfredi, G Costamagna, F Attili
Pancreatic cystosis is a rare presentation of cystic fibrosis involving pancreatic gland. To date, only very few cases of pancreatic cystosis have been described in literature. Pancreatic cystosis may begin during the second decade of life and is the rarest presentation of cystic fibrosis. This disease is characterized by the presence of multiloculated cysts without ductal system communication of different sizes in all the pancreatic tissue. Herein, we report a case of a young woman affected by cystic fibrosis that was admitted to our Pancreatic Centre to evaluate a picture of diffuse multiloculated pancreatic cysts...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218653/differential-diagnosis-of-pancreatic-epidermoid-cyst-without-a-solid-component-residual-splenic-tissue-vs-mucinous-cystic-neoplasm
#6
Kousei Ishigami, Akihiro Nishie, Hiroyuki Irie, Yoshiki Asayama, Yasuhiro Ushijima, Yukihisa Takayama, Daisule Okamoto, Nobuhiro Fujita, Takao Ohtsuka, Tetsuhide Ito, Naoki Mochidome, Hiroshi Honda
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to clarify whether there are differences in imaging findings between pancreatic epidermoid cyst (EDC) without a solid component (residual splenic tissue) and mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group consisted of histologically proven EDC (eight cases) and MCN (20 cases). CT and MRI findings were compared on the following imaging findings: the shape of the cystic lesions and the presence or absence of septum, calcification, and high-intensity fluid on T1- and diffusion-weighted images (b factor = 1000)...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213026/-case-of-protein-plug-in-the-pancreatic-duct-mimicking-pancreatic-cancer-concomitant-with-branch-type-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm
#7
Ken Ichikawa, Kana Hattori, Tomoki Kusafuka, Takao Omori, Yasuo Ohkura, Takashi Hamada, Hiroki Taoka, Hiroki Tanaka, Shimpei Matsusaki, Youichirou Baba
A 65-year-old male was referred to our hospital 2 years ago for a multilocular cyst accompanied with a protein plug in the pancreas tail. He was diagnosed as having branch duct-type intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm and was followed-up. Two years later, endoscopic ultrasonography revealed a hypoechoic lesion, 10mm in diameter, near the cyst-like lesion. Finally, he was diagnosed with small pancreatic adenocarcinoma concomitant with intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm and underwent radical distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy...
2017: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208887/a-rare-case-of-polycystic-disease-of-the-pancreas
#8
M M Chowdhury, A A Ullah, R Karim, S A Sobhan, S Mohammed, A A Farmidi, A Ahmed, R Mahmud, S Pervin, R Habib, F Zuwaida
Polycystic disease of the pancreas is very rare and only few cases have been reported in the literature. We report a case of 27 year old female presented with recurrent upper abdominal pain associated with nausea and vomiting. Her ultrasonography of whole abdomen and computed tomography (CT) scan revealed polycystic pancreas associated with hepatic cysts. She underwent distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy. Histological examination revealed typical features of polycystic pancreatic disease in the resected specimen...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204517/proteomic-analysis-of-aqp11-null-kidney-proximal-tubular-type-polycystic-kidney-disease
#9
Tatsuya Saito, Yasuko Tanaka, Yoshiyuki Morishita, Kenichi Ishibashi
Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) is caused by the mutation of polycystins (PC-1 or PC-2), in which cysts start from the collecting duct to extend to all nephron segments with eventual end stage renal failure. The cyst development is attenuated by a vasopressin V2 receptor antagonist tolvaptan which, however, will not affect proximal tubule cysts devoid of V2 receptor. Aquaporin-11 (AQP11) is expressed selectively in the proximal tubule of the kidney and AQP11-null kidneys have a disruptive PC-1 trafficking to the plasma membrane to develop polycystic kidneys...
March 2018: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187496/mucinous-cystic-neoplasms-lined-by-abundant-mucinous-epithelium-frequently-involve-kras-mutations-and-malignant-progression
#10
Hideki Shibata, Nobuyuki Ohike, Tomoko Norose, Tomohide Isobe, Reika Suzuki, Hideyuki Imai, Akira Shiokawa, Takeshi Aoki, Masahiko Murakami, Hiroki Mizukami, Jun-Ichi Tanaka, Masafumi Takimoto
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic and hepatic mucinous cyst neoplasms (MCNs) have a malignant potential, but indolent MCNs are not uncommon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The pathological and genetic characteristics of resected MCNs (n=15) categorized by the amount of mucin of the lining epithelium were investigated. RESULTS: MCNs were divided into two groups: (i) a rich (r)-MCN group (n=6), in which more than half of the epithelium was lined by abundant mucinous epithelium; and (ii) a poor (p)-MCN group (n=9), which consisted of the remaining cases...
December 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166170/highly-accurate-identification-of-cystic-precursor-lesions-of-pancreatic-cancer-through-targeted-mass-spectrometry-a-phase-iic-diagnostic-study
#11
Karolina S Jabbar, Liisa Arike, Caroline S Verbeke, Riadh Sadik, Gunnar C Hansson
Purpose Pancreatic cystic lesions are common incidental findings on imaging, but up to half may be forerunners of pancreatic cancer. Therefore, accurate differential diagnosis is crucial for correct patient management. Unfortunately, currently available diagnostic methods cannot robustly identify premalignant and malignant pancreatic cystic lesions. Methods Cyst fluid samples obtained by routine endoscopic ultrasound-guided aspiration were used for the analyses. In a cohort of 24 patients, eight biomarker candidates for malignant potential and high-grade dysplasia/cancer were identified by an explorative proteomic approach...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163970/effect-of-low-dose-aspirin-use-on-pancreatic-cancer-development-and-morphological-changes-on-imaging-in-ipmn-a-long-term-cohort-study
#12
Yusuke Takasaki, Naoyoshi Nagata, Koh Imbe, Yuya Hisada, Katsunori Sekine, Tsuyoshi Tajima, Mikio Yanase, Kazuma Fujimoto, Junichi Akiyama, Naomi Uemura
Background: Aspirin use may reduce the incidence of pancreatic cancer (PC), but no data are available regarding its chemopreventive effects on intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN). We aimed to determine whether low-dose aspirin (LDA) reduces PC development and morphological changes on imaging in IPMN patients. Methods: A cohort of 448 IPMN patients periodically followed up with imaging tests was analyzed. We used one-to-two propensity score matching to adjust for differences between an LDA group (n = 63) and a non-LDA group (n = 385)...
November 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159278/comparative-evaluation-of-two-porcine-ex-vivo-models-for-training-in-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-drainage-of-pancreatic-fluid-collections
#13
Frederick Moryoussef, Sarah Leblanc, Alice Bertucat, Arthur Laquiere, Emmanuel Coron, Luigi Mangialavori, Jean-Christophe Duchmann, Yann Le Baleur, Frederic Prat
Introduction:  EUS-guided cystoenterostomy (EUCE), a technique used for the drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts and peri-enteric collections, requires specific skills for which dedicated models are needed. Based on a compact EASIE model (Erlangen Active Simulator for Interventional Endoscopy), we developed two ex vivo porcine models of retrogastric cysts and evaluated learning performance within the frame of a structured training program. Material and methods:  The first model was made of porcine colon (i...
October 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159273/a-health-economic-evaluation-of-needle-based-confocal-laser-endomicroscopy-for-the-diagnosis-of-pancreatic-cysts
#14
Claude Le Pen, Laurent Palazzo, Bertrand Napoléon
Background and study aims:  The low sensitivity of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA), especially for the diagnosis of serous cystadenomas (SCAs), can be associated with diagnostic uncertainty that can regularly lead to unnecessary surgical procedures. Needle-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (nCLE) used with EUS-FNA improves diagnostic accuracy, helping to reduce unnecessary surgery and patient follow-up. This study was conducted to evaluate the economic benefit of EUS-FNA + nCLE...
October 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155048/telomere-diagnostics-for-pancreatic-neoplasms-and-cysts
#15
Loren Joseph
This commentary highlights the article by Hata et al that examines markers for assessing neoplastic progression.
November 15, 2017: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics: JMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151529/rare-case-of-pancreatic-cystic-lymphangioma
#16
Masakuni Fujii, Hiroaki Saito, Masao Yoshioka, Junji Shiode
Pancreatic cystic lymphangioma is an extremely rare tumor. The characteristic imaging findings are poorly defined, and distinguishing between this disease and other pancreatic cyst-related tumors is very difficult. We herein report a case of a Japanese woman in her 50s with this lesion, located in the tail of the pancreas. Pancreatic cystic lymphangioma should therefore be considered in the differential diagnosis of pancreatic cystic lesions. Laparoscopic resection can be a useful, minimally invasive surgical approach for treating these cysts as well as for the treatment of benign or low-grade malignant tumors located in the pancreatic body or tail...
November 20, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146893/von-hippel-lindau-disease-with-multi-organ-involvement-a-case-report-and-8-year-clinical-course-with-follow-up
#17
Ali Yaghobi Joybari, Payam Azadeh
BACKGROUND Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is a rare autosomal dominant syndrome manifested by a spectrum of benign and malignant tumors.  CASE REPORT The patient presented here was a 31-year-old female with unremarkable family history who presented initially complaining of intermittent abdominal pain. Abdominal CT scan revealed an inhomogeneous solid mass (13×9×7 cm) originating from the tail of the pancreas with splenic and gastric invasion as well as several pancreatic cysts. A nucleotide scan showed left adrenal involvement...
November 17, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122007/pancreatic-cyst-fluid-harbors-a-unique-microbiome
#18
Shan Li, Gwenny M Fuhler, Nahush Bn, Tony Jose, Marco J Bruno, Maikel P Peppelenbosch, Sergey R Konstantinov
BACKGROUND: It is clear that specific intestinal bacteria are involved in the development of different premalignant conditions along the gastrointestinal tract. An analysis of the microbial constituents in the context of pancreatic cystic lesions has, however, as yet not been performed. This consideration prompted us to explore whether endoscopically obtained pancreatic cyst fluids (PCF) contain bacterial DNA and to determine the genera of bacteria present in such material. METHODS: Total DNA was isolated from 69 PCF samples...
November 9, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121860/pneumatosis-cystoides-intestinalis-associated-with-sunitinib-and-a-literature-review
#19
Yong Suk Lee, Jae Joon Han, Si-Young Kim, Chi Hoon Maeng
BACKGROUND: Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis (PCI) is a rare self-limiting condition characterized by air-filled cysts within intestinal walls. Diagnosis should be prudent because it can mimic pneumoperitoneum leading to unnecessary treatment such as surgical exploration. Although various drugs including anti-neoplastic agents have been suggested as etiologies, cases related to sunitinib are sparse. Because of the rarity of this unusual side effect by sunitinib, we report the case report...
November 9, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118876/large-dermoid-cyst-presenting-as-recurrent-pancreatitis
#20
Emmanuel Ofori, Daryl Ramai, Denzil Etienne, Madhavi Reddy, Ghulamullah Shahzad
Pancreatic dermoid cysts are rare and benign congenital abnormalities of germ cell origin. They occur equally in males and females without age predilection. Though radiographic imaging aids in the diagnosis, most times they are inconclusive and require fine-needle aspiration cytology for confirmation. We report the first case of a dermoid cyst presenting as recurrent pancreatitis in a 49-year-old male. Computed tomography scan, followed by magnetic resonance imaging, showed a complex cystic mass lesion adjacent to the pancreatic tail...
October 2017: Gastroenterology Research
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