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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340805/association-between-hla-antibodies-and-different-sensitization-events-in-renal-transplant-candidates
#1
S U Akgul, H S Ciftci, S Temurhan, Y Caliskan, A Bayraktar, T Tefik, I A Kaya, I O Canitez, E Demir, H Yazici, H Bakkaloglu, A E Aydin, A Turkmen, I Nane, F Aydin, F S Oguz
BACKGROUND: Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) allo-immunization is caused by various events such as blood transfusions, pregnancies, or organ transplantations, which can lead to sensitization. In this retrospective study, we evaluated different sensitization models and their effects on panel-reactive antibody (PRA) profiles of renal transplantation candidates. METHODS: Anti-HLA class I/II antibody screening tests were performed in 906 renal transplantation candidates with the use of a microbead-based assay (Luminex)...
April 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340238/cigarette-smoke-exposure-worsens-endotoxin-induced-lung-injury-and-pulmonary-edema-in-mice
#2
Jeffrey E Gotts, Jason Abbott, Xiaohui Fang, Haru Yanagisawa, Naoki Takasaka, Stephen L Nishimura, Carolyn S Calfee, Michael A Matthay
Introduction: Cigarette smoking (CS) remains a major public health concern and has recently been associated with an increased risk of developing acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) experiments in human volunteers have demonstrated that active smokers develop increased alveolar-epithelial barrier permeability to protein after inhaling lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Here we tested the hypothesis that short-term whole-body CS exposure would increase LPS-induced lung edema in mice...
March 9, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339671/characteristics-of-donor-specific-anti-hla-antibodies-and-outcome-in-renal-transplant-patients-treated-with-a-standardized-induction-regimen
#3
Daniel Zecher, Christian Bach, Christoph Staudner, Carsten A Böger, Tobias Bergler, Bernhard Banas, Bernd M Spriewald
Background.: Pre-transplant donor-specific anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies (DSA) have been associated with antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) and early kidney allograft loss. Uncertainties remain regarding the general applicability of these findings and the optimal induction therapy in DSA-positive patients. Methods.: Pre-transplant sera from 174 patients receiving a crossmatch-negative kidney transplant were retrospectively analysed for DSA using Luminex technology...
February 18, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330741/intermediate-steroid-withdrawal-after-renal-transplantation-and-anti-hla-antibodies-hla-abs-development
#4
Elena Monfá, David San Segundo, Juan Carlos Ruiz San Millán, Judith Sanabria, Zoila Albines, Emilio Rodrigo, Iñigo Romón, Esther Asensio, Manuel Arias, Marcos López-Hoyos
INTRODUCTION: Steroid withdrawal in renal transplantation is desirable to avoid their adverse effects. However, by decreasing the immunosuppression, could lead to an increased risk for the development of HLA-Abs. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the relationship between steroid withdrawal and development of HLA-Abs in renal transplantation. METHODS: We analyzed sera by Luminex from 182 kidney transplants performed from 1998 to 2011, before and two years after transplantation...
March 19, 2017: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322172/immune-neuroendocrine-dysregulation-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis-a-revision-and-a-pilot-study
#5
Isabel Gálvez, Silvia Torres-Piles, María Dolores Hinchado, Alberto Álvarez-Barrientos, Pilar Torralbo-Jiménez, Jorge Guerrero, Leticia Martín-Cordero, Eduardo Ortega
BACKGROUND: Although osteoarthritis has predominantly been considered a non-inflammatory degenerative arthropathy, there is growing evidence that various inflammatory and immunological processes might contribute to the onset, progression, and burden of the disease. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present investigation was to study the systemic inflammatory and stress responses and the innate response mediated by neutrophils in OA patients. METHOD: A group of patients diagnosed with primary OA according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria and a control group of age-matched healthy volunteers were enrolled in the study...
March 20, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300171/quantum-dot-based-suspension-microarray-for-multiplex-detection-of-lung-cancer-markers-preclinical-validation-and-comparison-with-the-luminex-xmap-%C3%A2-system
#6
Regina Bilan, Amagoia Ametzazurra, Kristina Brazhnik, Sergio Escorza, David Fernández, María Uríbarri, Igor Nabiev, Alyona Sukhanova
A novel suspension multiplex immunoassay for the simultaneous specific detection of lung cancer markers in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) clinical samples based on fluorescent microspheres having different size and spectrally encoded with quantum dots (QDEM) was developed. The designed suspension immunoassay was validated for the quantitative detection of three lung cancer markers in BALF samples from 42 lung cancer patients and 10 control subjects. Tumor markers were detected through simultaneous formation of specific immune complexes consisting of a capture molecule, the target antigen, and biotinylated recognition molecule on the surface of the different QDEM in a mixture...
March 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298564/proteomic-analysis-of-sera-from-individuals-with-diffuse-cutaneous-systemic-sclerosis-reveals-a-multianalyte-signature-associated-with-clinical-improvement-during-imatinib-mesylate-treatment
#7
D James Haddon, Hannah E Wand, Justin A Jarrell, Robert F Spiera, Paul J Utz, Jessica K Gordon, Lorinda S Chung
OBJECTIVE: Imatinib has been investigated for the treatment of systemic sclerosis (SSc) because of its ability to inhibit the platelet-derived growth factor receptor and transforming growth factor-β signaling pathways, which have been implicated in SSc pathogenesis. In a 12-month open-label clinical trial assessing the safety and efficacy of imatinib in the treatment of diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc), significant improvements in skin thickening were observed. Here, we report our analysis of sera collected during the clinical trial...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295360/human-platelet-antigen-antibody-induction-in-uncomplicated-pregnancy-is-associated-with-hla-sensitization
#8
Viktoria S A Reiher, Gideon Hönger, Laura Infanti, Jakob R Passweg, Irene Hösli, Beat M Frey, Christoph Gassner, Stefan Meyer, Andreas S Buser, Andreas Holbro, Stefan Schaub
BACKGROUND: Alloimmunization against human platelet antigens (HPAs) during pregnancy is rare but can lead to severe bleeding disorders, such as fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In a cohort of 241 uncomplicated pregnancies, we investigated the immunogenicity of HPA mismatches and correlated HLA sensitization with HPA antibody formation. HPA antibodies were measured with a Luminex-based multiplex assay. RESULTS: HPA mismatches were observed in 109 of 241 pregnancies (45%), but child-specific HPA antibodies were only found in two of 109 cases (2%), indicating a low immunogenicity...
March 10, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294424/therapeutic-regulation-of-systemic-inflammation-in-xenograft-recipients
#9
Hayato Iwase, Hong Liu, Tao Li, Zhongquiang Zhang, Bingsi Gao, Hidetaka Hara, Martin Wijkstrom, Cassandra Long, Ryan Saari, David Ayares, David K C Cooper, Mohamed B Ezzelarab
Inflammation is known to preclude tolerance after transplantation. We have previously shown that systemic inflammation in xenograft recipients (SIXR) precedes activation of coagulation in the absence of T cell responses. Accordingly, SIXR may amplify innate and adaptive immune responses against xenografts after pig-to-primate xenotransplantation, even with efficient immunosuppressive therapy. We evaluated the impact of anti-inflammatory agents on pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines in pig artery patch and heart xenograft recipients...
March 12, 2017: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293306/hla-genotyping-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-waiting-for-cadaveric-renal-transplantation-in-federation-of-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#10
Elma Fejzić, Jasenko Karamehić, Izet Eminović, Damir Suljević, Andi Alijagić, Semir Bećirević, Amela Šahović, Sanela Šišić
AIM: The research was conducted by genotyping two Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) gene classes. The main objective of this research was to investigate distribution and frequency of the allelic groups, genotypes and haplotypes in the gene loci of HLA class I (HLA-A*, -B*, -C*) and HLA class II (HLA-DRB1*, -DQB1*) in patients included in the program of cadaveric renal transplantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our study covered 186 blood samples of patients who are registered on the list for cadaveric renal transplantation in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and included 59 control, healthy unrelated individuals...
March 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291048/antibody-responses-to-quadrivalent-hpv-vaccination-in-hiv-infected-young-women-as-measured-by-total-igg-and-competitive-luminex-immunoassay
#11
Jessica Kahn, Jiahong Xu, Bill G Kapogiannis, John W Sleasman
We compared antibody responses of HIV-infected young women to the HPV6, 11, 16, 18 vaccine using total IgG LIA and cLIA assays. HPV18 seropositivity after HPV vaccination as measured with IgG LIA remained high (98%) 48 weeks after vaccination, in contrast with seropositivity as measured with cLIA (73%). Seropositivity rates at week 48 as measured by both IgG LIA and cLIA remained high for HPV6, 11 and 16 (93.5-100%). These results suggest that the lower rate of seropositivity to HPV18 when cLIA vs. IgG LIA is used is a function of the assay, and does not imply lower vaccine immunogenicity...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289333/influence-of-vaginal-lactoferrin-administration-on-amniotic-fluid-cytokines-and-its-role-against-inflammatory-complications-of-pregnancy
#12
Martina Maritati, Manola Comar, Nunzia Zanotta, Silva Seraceni, Alessandro Trentini, Fabrizio Corazza, Fortunato Vesce, Carlo Contini
BACKGROUND: An altered amniotic cytokine profile has been reported in inflammatory pregnancy complications with a leading role for IL-6, a marker of the foetal systemic inflammatory response. Up to this date there is no exhaustive information neither on the foetal cytokine balance nor on the best method for its modulation. We aimed to evaluate the influence of vaginal lactoferrin administration on amniotic fluid concentration of 47 cytokines, chemokines and growth factors. METHODS: Sixty women undergoing genetic amniocentesis were enrolled in an open-label clinical trial...
2017: Journal of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288964/il-38-overexpression-induces-anti-inflammatory-effects-in-mice-arthritis-models-and-in-human-macrophages-in-vitro
#13
Marie-Astrid Boutet, Aurélie Najm, Géraldine Bart, Régis Brion, Sophie Touchais, Valérie Trichet, Pierre Layrolle, Cem Gabay, Gaby Palmer, Frédéric Blanchard, Benoit Le Goff
OBJECTIVES: Interleukin (IL)-38 is a newly characterised cytokine that belongs to the IL-1 family. This cytokine is expressed in the rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial tissue and IL-38 deficient mice have exacerbated arthritis. Here, we analysed the effect of IL-38 overexpression in the joints of arthritic mice, in human macrophages and synovial fibroblasts in vitro. METHODS: Articular injections of an adeno-associated virus (AAV) 2/8 encoding IL-38 were performed in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), K/BxN serum transfer-induced arthritis (STIA) and antigen-induced arthritis (AIA) in mice...
March 13, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278219/development-and-performance-assessment-of-a-luminex-xmap%C3%A2-direct-hybridization-assay-for-the-detection-and-identification-of-indoor-air-fungal-contamination
#14
Xavier Libert, Ann Packeu, Fabrice Bureau, Nancy H Roosens, Sigrid C J De Keersmaecker
Considered as a public health problem, indoor fungal contamination is generally monitored using classical protocols based on culturing. However, this culture dependency could influence the representativeness of the fungal population detected in an analyzed sample as this includes the dead and uncultivable fraction. Moreover, culture-based protocols are often time-consuming. In this context, molecular tools are a powerful alternative, especially those allowing multiplexing. In this study a Luminex xMAP® assay was developed for the simultaneous detection of 10 fungal species which are most frequently in indoor air and that may cause health problems...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276279/the-immune-stimulation-capacity-of-liposome-treated-red-blood-cells
#15
Luciana da Silveira Cavalcante, Donald R Branch, Trang T Duong, Rae S M Yeung, Jason P Acker, Jelena L Holovati
Our in vivo studies on a rat model established safety of transfusing liposome-treated red blood cells (RBCs) but identified the potential for immune modulation as related to transfusion efficacy of liposome-treated RBCs. The aim of this study was at assessing the impact of liposome-induced membrane changes on the immune profile of liposome-treated RBCs by (a) evaluating their interaction with endothelial cells and monocytes; and (b) the resulting immune response derived from this interaction, in the form of cytokine release, adhesion molecules expression and phagocytosis...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272703/the-study-of-endogenous-hepatocyte-growth-factor-in-the-pathogenesis-of-intracranial-aneurysms
#16
L-L Yu, Y-J Liu, Z-H Wang, L Shi, L-X Liu
OBJECTIVE: Inflammation as a significant influence factor plays an important role in the formation and rupture of intracranial aneurysms. However, based on plenty of related studies, it is believed that the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is able to prevent vascular inflammation. This paper, therefore, explored the role and mechanism of endogenous HGF in the pathogenesis of intracranial aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 16 blood samples were collected from the intracranial aneurysms and the lumens of the femoral artery of 16 patients...
February 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266558/selective-induction-of-alternatively-spliced-fynt-isoform-by-tnf-facilitates-persistent-inflammatory-responses-in-astrocytes
#17
Chingli Lee, Clara Y B Low, Siew Ying Wong, Mitchell K P Lai, Michelle G K Tan
Fyn tyrosine kinase has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We have previously reported that upregulation of the FynT isoform in AD brains was partly associated with astrocyte activation. In this study, we demonstrated selective FynT induction in murine cortex and primary astrocyte culture after prolonged exposure to inflammatory stimulants, suggesting that FynT may mediate persistent neuroinflammation. To delineate the functional role of astrocytic FynT in association with TNF-mediated inflammatory responses, immortalized normal human astrocytes (iNHA) stably expressing FynT kinase constitutively active (FynT-CA) or kinase dead (FynT-KD) mutants were treated with TNF and compared for inflammatory responses using high-throughput real-time RT-PCR and Luminex multi-analyte immunoassays...
March 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260649/higher-serum-interleukin-17a-levels-as-a-potential-biomarker-for-predicting-early-disease-progression-in-patients-with-hepatitis-b-virus-associated-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-treated-with-sorafenib
#18
Hyo Jung Cho, Soon Sun Kim, Ji Sun Nam, Min Jung Oh, Dae Ryong Kang, Jai Keun Kim, Jei Hee Lee, Bohyun Kim, Min Jae Yang, Jae Chul Hwang, Sun Gyo Lim, Sung Jae Shin, Kee Myung Lee, Byung Moo Yoo, Kwang Jae Lee, Sung Won Cho, Jae Youn Cheong
BACKGROUND: Although sorafenib is the only available drug with proven efficacy for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the clinical efficacy of sorafenib is variable and unpredictable. The aim of the current study was to identify potential serum biomarkers predicting cancer progression and overall survival (OS) in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related advanced HCC treated with sorafenib. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with HBV-related advanced HCC (modified Union for International Cancer Control [UICC] stage IVa or IVb) treated with sorafenib for more than 4weeks were retrospectively enrolled...
March 2, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260439/kidney-swap-in-pakistan-experience-at-the-sindh-institute-of-urology-and-transplantation
#19
Naveeda Nizam, Farida Mazhar, Khawar Abbas, Tahir Aziz, Mirza Naqir Zafar, Rehan Mohsin, Bux Ali, Asad Shahzad, Mohammed Imran, Syed Adibul Hasan Rizvi
Kidney paired exchange is an established method of overcoming incompatibility in donor-recipient pairs and expanding the living-donor pool. It is infrequently performed in developing countries. We report the first kidney paired exchange in Pakistan, successfully performed at our center. One donor-recipient pair consisted of a 38-year-old female recipient (blood type, B positive) and her 40-year-old husband (A positive) as the potential donor. The second pair consisted of a 30-year-old male recipient (A positive) and his 30-year-old wife (B positive) as the potential donor...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259789/evaluation-of-a-serological-test-for-the-diagnosis-of-borrelia-miyamotoi-disease-in-europe
#20
Setareh Jahfari, Denis S Sarksyan, Nadezda M Kolyasnikova, Joppe W Hovius, Hein Sprong, Alexander E Platonov
BACKGROUND: Borrelia miyamotoi causes systemic febrile illness and is transmitted by the same tick species that transmits Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato and tick-borne encephalitis virus. We describe a serological test using a fragment of glycerophosphodiester phosphodiesterase (GlpQ) as an antigen, and determined its performance in well-defined patient categories. METHODS: Serum of patients with PCR-confirmed Borrelia miyamotoi disease (BMD), Lyme borreliosis (LB), tick-borne encephalitis (TBE), and healthy blood donors (HBD) were collected in Udmurt Republic, Russia...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Microbiological Methods
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