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Cosmetic patient management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427053/growing-skull-fracture-and-the-orbitocranial-variant-nuances-of-surgical-management
#1
Vikram Singh, Gopalakrishnan M Sasidharan, Dhananjaya Ishwar Bhat, Bhagavatula Indira Devi
AIMS: Growing skull fracture (GSF) is a rare complication resulting from diastatic enlargement of a pediatric skull fracture. Orbitocranial GSF is a distinct variant with more complex management issues due to the displacement of the globe. This study aims to discuss surgical considerations in the management of GSF, with particular reference to orbitocranial variants. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 7 children operated for GSFs at our institute from 2008 to 2015...
April 21, 2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418368/-differentiated-approach-to-the-treatment-of-large-hernial-defects-of-the-anterior-abdominal-wall-in-children-clinical-observations
#2
A Yu Razumovskiy, A N Smirnov, A F Dronov, M A Chundokova, I S Chirkov
AIM: To present an experience of treatment of children with large hernial defects of the anterior abdominal wall. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This article describes management of 43 children with large (n=31) and giant (n=12) ventral hernia who were at N.F. Filatov Children´s City Hospital #13 for the period 2005-2015. All patients underwent surgical correction using local tissues in 'edge to edge' fashion (n=23), aponeurosis dublication of 'coat floors' type (n=14) and biological implant 'Permacol' (n=6)...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414861/management-of-necrotising-fasciitis-secondary-to-abdominal-liposuction-using-a-combination-of-surgery-hyperbaric-oxygen-and-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-in-a-patient-with-burn-scars
#3
I-Han Chiang, Shun-Cheng Chang, Chih-Hsin Wang
Liposuction is the one of the most frequently performed cosmetic operations and usually has an easy recovery, with a reportedly low overall complication rate. Here, we report the case of a 60-year-old woman with type II diabetes mellitus and a previous burn injury of the abdomen who underwent abdominal liposuction and subsequently developed necrotising fasciitis. Following radical debridement, systemic antibiotic administration, negative pressure wound therapy and hyperbaric oxygen therapy, the wound healed completely...
April 17, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413300/anorectal-agenesis-with-rectovaginal-fistula-a-rare-regional-variant
#4
Subhasis Roy Choudhury, Niyaz Ahmed Khan, Pinaki Ranjan Debnath, Partap Singh Yadav, Shalu Shah, Rajiv Chadha
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The anatomical types of female anorectal malformation (ARM) are complex and include several rare and regional variants. The aim of this report is to highlight the diagnosis and management of cases of anorectal agenesis with rectovaginal fistula (RVF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of cases of RVF who underwent definitive surgery between November 2000 and September 2016 in a single institution. RESULTS: Of the 244 female patients with anorectal anomalies treated in our institution over a 16-year period, there were 15 cases of RVF with anorectal agenesis giving it an incidence of 6%...
April 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412984/facial-carbuncle-a-new-method-of-conservative-surgical-management-plus-irrigation-with-antibiotic-containing-solution
#5
L X Ngui, L S Wong, G Shashi, M N Abu Bakar
OBJECTIVE: This paper reports on a non-conventional method for the management of facial carbuncles, highlighting its superiority over conventional surgical treatment in terms of cosmetic outcome and shorter duration of wound healing. BACKGROUND: The mainstay of treatment for carbuncles involves the early administration of antibiotics in combination with surgical intervention. The conventional saucerisation, or incision and drainage, under normal circumstances results in moderate to large wounds, which may need secondary surgery such as skin grafting, resulting in a longer duration of wound healing and jeopardising cosmetic outcome...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412332/congenital-aphallia-novel-use-of-acellular-dermal-matrix-during-scrotal-flap-phalloplasty
#6
Rajeev Chaudhry, Katherine M Theisen, Pankaj P Dangle, Francis Schneck
Phallic reconstruction is an important part of management for congenital aphallia. Scrotal flap phalloplasty has been described in pediatric patients to create the appearance of a non-functioning phallus. We describe a modified scrotal flap technique with the addition of an acellular dermal matrix patch (AlloDerm®) to provide additional girth and support to the phallus. The post-operative cosmetic outcome has been satisfactory and there is no documented complication over a 12 month follow-up. Alloderm® dermal matrix can be a safe addition to phallic reconstruction and its overall application needs to be further studied...
April 12, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410938/preservation-of-devitalized-bone-in-necrotic-digits-following-crush-injury-with-free-tissue-transfer
#7
Fei Song, Yongwei Pan, Zhe Zhao, Jiuzheng Deng, Changjiao Sun
Traditional management of necrotic digits has been to allow demarcation between viable and nonviable tissues to occur, and thus to indicate the level of amputation required. In this case report, the phalangeal length of the necrotic thumb was maintained in 2 patients who had sustained crush injury. After nonviable soft tissues were debrided, the devitalized bones were covered with soft tissue flaps. All wounds healed without infection. Both cosmetic and functional results of the reconstructed thumbs were satisfactory...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408096/local-treatment-of-a-pharyngocutaneous-fistula-secondary-to-osteoradionecrosis
#8
Olga González-Antolín
Radionecrosis is a late, and difficult to treat,complication of radiotherapy performed on head and neck tumours, and it is difficult to treat. This process causes significant damage, not only in the skin, but also in muscular, nervous, vascular, and bone structures. This, in turn, leads to airway and digestive tract involvement, as well as a functional loss and a cosmetic defect that usually requires reconstructive surgery. Therefore, this process is associated with a significant loss in the quality of life of patients and involves a long hospital stay for treatment, as well as the necessary support measures...
April 10, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407252/combined-endonasal-and-eyelid-approach-for-management-of-extensive-frontal-sinus-inverting-papilloma
#9
Monirah Albathi, Murugappan Ramanathan, Andrew P Lane, Kofi D O Boahene
OBJECTIVES: Sinonasal inverting papilloma (IP) is a benign but locally aggressive mucosal neoplasm with a high recurrence rate. Extension into the frontal sinus presents surgical challenges for endonasal resection. This study presents an orbitofrontal approach for managing extensive IP. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. METHODS: Four patients seen between 2012 and 2016 with biopsy-proven IP with lateral frontal sinus extension underwent a combined endonasal and transpalpebral approach for tumor resection...
April 13, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392008/long-term-follow-up-after-traditional-versus-modified-perineal-approach-in-the-management-of-female-epispadias
#10
F Alyami, N Fernandez, L Lee, P Metcalfe, A Lorenzo, J Pippi Salle
OBJECTIVE: Isolated female epispadias (IFE) is a rare congenital anomaly. The defect extends to the bladder neck, which is usually incompetent. The traditional surgical approach includes urethral and genital reconstruction in the first year, followed by bladder neck reconstruction (Young-Dees-Leadbetter cervicoplasty (YDL)) at the age of social continence. An alternative single-stage technique includes urethral, bladder neck and clitoris repair by a perineal approach. The aim of the present study was to describe long-term follow-up of patients who underwent the traditional vs alternative approach...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381326/intrasinus-penetration-of-a-silastic-malar-implant-which-resulted-in-chronic-sinusitis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Luke Y Kim, Joseph S Schwartz, Bobby A Tajudeen, Nithin D Adappa, James N Palmer
BACKGROUND: Malar augmentation is a common cosmetic procedure utilizing silastic materials. We describe an uncommon complication of a silastic implant eroding into the anterior maxillary sinus wall resulting in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). METHODS: A literature review is presented describing the presentation, surgical management and outcome of this uncommon adverse event. RESULTS: An 80 year old female with a history of bilateral cosmetic malar implants placed approximately 25 years ago presented to our office with a 4-5 month history of left-sided symptoms consistent with chronic sinusitis, and was found to have intrasinus penetration of her left malar implant...
March 1, 2017: Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379099/frostbite-following-cryolipolysis-treatment-in-a-beauty-salon-a-case-study
#12
W L Choong, H S Wohlgemut, M J Hallam
This case study describes frostbite, a previously unreported complication following cryolipolysis, which resulted in substantial necrosis of the flank. Medical attention was not sought until one week after treatment. On examination, two distinct areas of significant frostbite in the left flank with surrounding erythema were revealed. Surgical intervention was avoided, as is recommended in cases of frostbite, and conservative treatment resulted in recovery of the affected area. Here, the authors highlight the adverse effects related to cryolipolysis, analysing the pathogenesis, clinical manifestations and management of this injury...
April 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363290/acute-management-of-hand-burns
#13
REVIEW
Ashwin Soni, Tam N Pham, Jason H Ko
The hand is extremely susceptible to burn injuries, and hand burns can occur in up to 90% of all major burns. A thorough neurovascular examination of the hand should be performed in the acute setting. Escharotomies are required in patients with full-thickness or circumferential burns, when perfusion of the upper extremity is compromised. The decision for excision and grafting is based on whether the wound will heal in the first 2 to 3 weeks after the burn injury. Acute care and resuscitation are always importance in this patient population; subsequent care leads to optimal hand functionality and cosmetic long-term outcomes...
May 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360965/a-closer-look-at-seborrheic-keratoses-patient-perspectives-clinical-relevance-medical-necessity-and-implications-for-management
#14
James Q Del Rosso
The author sought to discover why seborrheic keratoses that are not symptomatic or clinically suspicious are not considered therapeutically important to most clinicians. The author conducted an office-based, observational study examining how the diagnosis of asymptomatic seborrheic keratoses personally affects patients and what these patients think concerning treatment. Many patients reported being bothered by the diagnosis of seborrheic keratoses, even when told it's not cancerous, and indicated an interest in its treatment...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359779/-trident-preputial-plasty-for-phimosis-in-childhood
#15
REVIEW
Pierluigi Pedersini, Filippo Parolini, Anna Lavinia Bulotta, Daniele Alberti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the functional and cosmetic result of modified-triple incision preputial plasty for surgical management of phimosis in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study involved all consecutive children (age 3-15) with phimosis, managed at our Institution in a one-year period. All patients unable to retract the foreskin and symptomatic with episodes of posthitis or balanoposthitis or ballooning of the foreskin with voiding were initially included...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345420/peroneal-perforator-pedicle-propeller-flap-for-lower-leg-soft-tissue-defect-reconstruction-clinical-applications-and-treatment-of-venous-congestion
#16
Lifeng Shen, Yiyang Liu, Chun Zhang, Qiaofeng Guo, Wenhua Huang, Kelvin Kian Loong Wong, Shimin Chang
Objective To describe the characteristics of the perforator vessel in the peroneal artery of the lower leg and to explore the use of perforator pedicle propeller flaps to repair soft tissue defects in the lower leg, heel and foot. Methods This retrospective study enrolled patients with soft tissue defects of the distal lower leg, heel and foot who underwent surgery using peroneal perforator-based propeller flaps. The peroneal artery perforators were identified preoperatively by colour duplex Doppler ultrasound...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341425/proximal-hypospadias-repair-with-bladder-mucosal-graft-our-10-years-experience
#17
Michele Lanciotti, Marta Betti, Antonio Elia, Luca Landi, Maria Taverna, Chiara Cini, Lorenzo Masieri
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: A great variety of different surgical techniques has been described for proximal hypospadias repair and an ideal tissue has not been determined yet. We present our 10 years of surgical experience using a bladder mucosal graft for urethroplasty. STUDY DESIGN: Bladder mucosal graft urethroplasty was performed between 2005 and 2015 in 50 patients with severe proximal hypospadias. The mean age of patients was 45.1 months (range 24-164 months)...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338588/-vertical-midface-lifting-with-periorbital-anchoring-in-the-management-of-lower-eyelid-retraction-a-ten-year-clinical-retrospective-study
#18
Michele Pascali, Chiara Botti, Valerio Cervelli, Giovanni Botti
BACKGROUND: Lower eyelid retraction can be the unfortunate result of aesthetic surgery, trauma, disease or simply aging processes. The purpose of this article is to assess whether midface lifting based on purely vertical repositioning constitutes an effective procedure for its correction. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out on 199 patients (311 eyelids) operated on between January 2004 and January 2014. The various causes of eyelid retraction in this population comprised cosmetic blepharoplasty (56...
March 3, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333309/positive-margin-re-excision-following-immediate-autologous-breast-reconstruction-morbidity-cosmetic-outcome-and-oncologic-significance
#19
Oscar Ochoa, Constantine Theoharis, Steven Pisano, Minas Chrysopoulo, Peter Ledoux, Gary Arishita, Chet Nastala
Background: Acquisition of negative resection margins is paramount in the surgical management of operable breast cancer. Management of positive margins following mastectomy and immediate breast reconstruction is presently poorly defined. Objectives: The present study aims at defining morbidity and cosmetic sequela of re-excision procedures aimed at clearing involved mastectomy margins in the setting of immediate autologous breast reconstruction. Oncologic outcomes are recorded...
March 17, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331742/negative-pressure-wound-therapy-in-chronic-inflammatory-breast-diseases
#20
Ozan Barış Namdaroğlu, Hilmi Yazıcı, Ahmet Mücteba Öztürk, Savaş Yakan, Mehmet Yıldırım, Ahmet Deniz Uçar, Nazif Erkan
Mastitis is inflammation of breast tissue that may or may not originate from an infection. Two different forms of mastitis have been described, lactational and non-lactational. Lactational mastitis is the most common type and generally conservative therapy that includes milk removal and physical therapy provides symptomatic relief, but antibiotic therapy is also needed. Common types of non-lactational mastitis are periductal mastitis and idiopathic granulomatous mastitis. Treatment includes antibiotics, drainage, and surgery, but usually this is a chronic process and a therapeutic management algorithm for chronic breast inflammation is unclear and has no consensus...
April 2016: Journal of Breast Health (2013)
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