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Cosmetic patient management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150196/single-stage-urethroplasty-with-buccal-mucosal-inlay-graft-for-stricture-caused-by-balanitis-xerotica-obliterans-in-boys-outcomes-in-the-medium-term
#1
Junaid Ashraf, Alexander Turner, Ramnath Subramaniam
INTRODUCTION: Balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) is a common condition that can affect the foreskin, glans, meatus, and urethra, and rarely can also involve urethra leading to stricture. Numerous procedures have been suggested to treat urethral stricture secondary to BXO but these have had variable results. OBJECTIVE: We describe the first prospective study of a single stage buccal mucosal inlay grafting in children with urethral strictures resistant to existing remedies...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141057/lasers-light-and-the-treatment-of-acne-a-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature
#2
Lana X Tong, Jeremy A Brauer
INTRODUCTION: Acne vulgaris is common dermatologic condition with an estimated prevalence of 70 to 87%. Acne has been shown to have a significant impact on patient quality of life and mental health, especially as inflammatory lesions typically occur on cosmetically sensitive areas with the potential for permanent scarring. There have been numerous advances in the treatment of inflammatory acne with light-based and laser devices. OBJECTIVE: To review the current evidence for light-based and laser treatments in the management of inflammatory acne...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118500/iridoplasty-of-fixed-dilated-pupil-urrets-zavalia-syndrome-after-deep-anterior-lamellar-keratoplasty
#3
Efthalia Ntora, Nikolaos Ziakas
A 38-year-old woman with advanced keratoconus initially developed Urrets-Zavalia Syndrome (UZS) in the left eye after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty. During the uneventful surgery, a 7-mm-wide pupil unresponsive to light was noticed. On the first postoperative day, intraocular pressure (IOP) was elevated up to 45 mmHg with shallow anterior chamber (AC). A peripheral iridotomy in 2 o'clock position was conducted and a fixed combination of brinzolamide 1% and timolol 0.5% was administered topically. In the subsequent postoperative period, IOP was successfully reduced, but the patient reported severe photophobia, glare, and decreased vision...
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108540/cosmetic-concerns-among-ethnic-men
#4
REVIEW
Michelle Henry
Men of all races are currently more open to requesting and undergoing treatments for a plethora of cosmetic concerns. Among the most common goals are procedures that combat the signs of aging, rejuvenate the skin, even out the color tone, address textural issues such as acne scarring, and improve hair disorders. Given the differences in cultural ideals and anatomic/physiologic differences in ethnic skin, it is important for physicians to be aware and sensitive to the nuances required when providing consultation and treating non-Caucasian men...
January 2018: Dermatologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102755/matriderm%C3%A2-for-the-management-of-scalp-necrosis-following-surgical-treatment-of-a-giant-parietal-encephalocele-case-report
#5
M D Vilela, Has Pedrosa, Fd Sampaio, L J Carneiro
BACKGROUND: management of encephaloceles is challenging when massive brain herniation is present. In such instances, an expansile cranioplasty may be attempted so as to preserve some herniated brain tissue. Complications such as wound dehiscence, CSF leak and scalp necrosis are postoperative concerns. The treatment of scalp necrosis with dural and brain exposure is certainly a challenge, due to the complexity of flap techniques in such a young age. Herein we describe the use of a novel technique for the management of a scalp necrosis and dehiscence in an infant...
November 1, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098660/therapeutic-potential-of-ursolic-acid-to-manage-neurodegenerative-and-psychiatric-diseases
#6
Ana B Ramos-Hryb, Francis L Pazini, Manuella P Kaster, Ana Lúcia S Rodrigues
Ursolic acid is a pentacyclic triterpenoid found in several plants. Despite its initial use as a pharmacologically inactive emulsifier in pharmaceutical, cosmetic and food industries, several biological activities have been reported for this compound so far, including anti-tumoural, anti-diabetic, cardioprotective and hepatoprotective properties. The biological effects of ursolic acid have been evaluated in vitro, in different cell types and against several toxic insults (i.e. 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine, amyloid-β peptides, kainic acid and others); in animal models of brain-related disorders (Alzheimer disease, Parkinson disease, depression, traumatic brain injury) and ageing; and in clinical studies with cancer patients and for muscle atrophy...
November 2, 2017: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083263/fifteen-years-experience-with-laparoscopic-inguinal-hernia-repair-in-infants-and-children
#7
Rafik Shalaby, Mohamed Abd Alrazek, Adham Elsaied, Ahmad Helal, Mohamad Mahfouz, Maged Ismail, Abdelmoniem Shams, Mohamad Magid
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair (LIHR) is gaining popularity with more studies validating its feasibility, safety, and efficacy. The aim of this work is to review our experience with LIHR in infants and children during the past 15 years, and present and evaluate our innovations of laparoscopic techniques. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 1284 patients with congenital inguinal hernia (CIH) subjected to different techniques of LIHR from October 2000 to October 2015...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072225/bilateral-pediatric-mandibular-distraction-for-micrognathia-with-temporomandibular-joint-ankylosis-and-sleep-apnea
#8
S M Balaji
Mandibular retrognathism is one of the important contributing anatomical factors to the obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Such patients suffer from number of apneic or hypopneic events during sleep such as snoring, daytime sleepiness, fatigue, inability to concentrate, and irritability. Distraction osteogenesis is a less invasive surgical technique in the management of OSA by correcting the reduced airway space. Apart from correcting functional disturbances due to OSA, it also corrects the facial profile resulting in the substantial improvement in cosmetic appearance...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071417/the-advantages-of-transumbilical-single-site-laparoscopic-percutaneous-extraperitoneal-closure-for-inguinal-hernia-in-1583-children
#9
Zhilin Yang, Hongwu Zeng, Jianchun Yin, Jiaqiang Li, Guanglun Zhou, Weiguang Zhao, Wanhua Xu
BACKGROUND: There have been numerous surgical procedures for inguinal hernia in children, and recently the novel technique of single-site laparoscopic procedure was introduced. This study aimed to analyze the safety and efficacy of single-site laparoscopic hernia repair in a large number of children, while compared with the traditional open surgery. METHODS: From January 2012 to June 2015, we performed transumbilical single-site laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure (TSLPEC) in 1583 patients, including bilateral hernia in 135 cases, and unilateral hernia in 1448 cases (left side in 582, right side in 866)...
October 25, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064654/an-unusual-presentation-of-urethral-duplication-presenting-with-chronic-bladder-retention-left-scrotal-transposition-and-left-renal-agenesis
#10
Antonio Macedo, Marcela Leal da Cruz, João Luiz Gomes Parizi, Gustavo Marconi Caetano Martins, Riberto Liguori, Sérgio Leite Ottoni, Bruno Leslie, Gilmar Garrone
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Urethral duplication is a rare congenital anomaly, with roughly 200 cases reported in the literature (1). It is more frequent in males, with few cases reported in females. The clinical presentation differs according to the anatomical variant present. The duplication most commonly occurs in the sagittal plane with one urethra located ventrally and the other dorsally (2). Usually the ventral urethra is the more functional of both. Duplications occurring in the coronal plane are quite rare and they are usually associated with bladder duplication (3)...
October 24, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049429/correlation-of-handheld-reflectance-confocal-microscopy-with-radial-video-mosaicing-for-margin-mapping-of-lentigo-maligna-and-lentigo-maligna-melanoma
#11
Oriol Yélamos, Miguel Cordova, Nina Blank, Kivanc Kose, Stephen W Dusza, Erica Lee, Milind Rajadhyaksha, Kishwer S Nehal, Anthony M Rossi
Importance: The management of lentigo maligna (LM) and LM melanoma (LMM) is challenging because of extensive subclinical spread and its occurrence on cosmetically sensitive areas. Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) improves diagnostic accuracy for LM and LMM and can be used to delineate their margins. Objectives: To evaluate whether handheld RCM with radial video mosaicing (HRCM-RV) offers accurate presurgical assessment of LM and LMM margins. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective study included consecutive patients with biopsy-proven LM and LMM located on the head and neck area who sought consultation for surgical management from March 1, 2016, through March 31, 2017, at the Dermatology Service of the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center...
October 11, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038084/management-of-through-and-through-penetrating-skull-injury-a-railroad-stake-that-transgressed-the-anterior-skull-base
#12
Reid Hoshide, Jeffrey Steinberg, Arvin Wali, Audrey Ko, J Scott Pannell, Clark C Chen
Penetrating injuries involving foreign objects that transgress the entirety of the human skull presents challenges in the management of vascular injuries, infectious risk, cerebrospinal fluid leak, and cosmetic repair. Ultimately, effective management of these injuries requires a multi-disciplinary team and judicious surgical planning. Here we present the management of a patient who suffered a penetrating injury from a railroad stake, with entry and exit points involving left and right anterior aspect of the temporal fossa, respectively...
October 13, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035285/dermoscopy-and-patch-testing-in-patients-with-lichen-planus-pigmentosus-on-face-a-cross-sectional-observational-study-in-fifty-indian-patients
#13
Vinod Kumar Sharma, Vishal Gupta, Piyush Pahadiya, Kamal Kumar Vedi, Sudheer Arava, M Ramam
BACKGROUND: Lichen planus pigmentosus (LPP) is a common cause of facial melanosis in the dark-skinned population. At present, information on dermoscopy and patch testing in LPP is limited. OBJECTIVES: To describe dermoscopic findings and study the role of patch testing in patients with LPP on the face. METHODS: Facial lesions of 50 patients with LPP were studied dermoscopically, followed by histological evaluation. Patch and photopatch tests with the Indian Standard Series and Scandinavian series, respectively, and patient's own cosmetics were performed on all patients...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033723/postoperative-pain-management-in-patients-undergoing-thoracoscopic-repair-of-pectus-excavatum-a-retrospective-analysis-of-opioid-consumption-and-adverse-effects-in-adolescents
#14
Ralph Beltran, Giorgio Veneziano, Tarun Bhalla, Brian Kenney, Dmitry Tumin, Bruno Bissonnette, Joseph D Tobias
INTRODUCTION: Although the Nuss procedure provides excellent cosmetic results for the correction of pectus excavatum, the provision of analgesia following such procedures can be challenging. METHODS: The current study retrospectively reviews our experience over a 2.5 year period with thoracic epidural analgesia (TE), paravertebral blockade (PVB), and intravenous opioids delivered via patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) to provide postoperative analgesia. RESULTS: The study cohort included 30 patients (mean age = 15...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032980/management-of-finger-deep-burns-the-interest-of-local-flaps
#15
Franck Duteille, Audrey Leduc, Julien Verdier, Michael Atlan, Pierre Perrot
INTRODUCTION: The management of finger deep burns is still problematic for the surgeon. Due to the fineness and the thickness of the subcutaneous tissue, after excision there is an important risk of exposure of the underlying tissue like bone, nerve or tendons. Local flaps (random pattern flap and pedicle flap) allowed ensuring a good quality covering with a tissue with many advantages (good thickness, sensitivity). On the contrary of all other techniques, flaps can be used independently from the vascular quality of the wound bed...
October 9, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030376/disfiguring-facial-pyoderma-vegetans-with-an-excellent-outcome
#16
James Keitley, Liezel Griffin, Luisa Motta, Janice Ferguson, Helen Young
We describe a case of disfiguring facial pyoderma vegetans in order to highlight the challenges in managing this rare skin condition and review the literature.A 54-year-old woman presented to dermatology clinic with a 3-month history of a left-sided facial lesion, which had been treated as an infected sebaceous cyst. The lesion had dramatically increased in size in the weeks prior to presentation. There was a history of Crohn's disease and ileal adenocarcinoma, both of which were in remission. A clinical diagnosis of pyoderma vegetans was made and the patient responded well to immunosuppressive therapy with oral ciclosporin...
October 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030173/a-novel-miniature-wireless-neurostimulator-in-the-management-of-chronic-craniofacial-pain-preliminary-results-from-a-prospective-pilot-study
#17
Richard L Weiner, Carlos Montes Garcia, Niek Vanquathem
OBJECTIVE: To report a novel wireless neuromodulation system for treatment of refractory craniofacial pain. BACKGROUND: Previous studies utilizing peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) of the occipital and trigeminal nerves reported positive outcomes for alleviating neuropathic pain localized to the craniofacial and occipital areas. However several technological limitations and cosmetic concerns inhibited a more widespread acceptance and use of neuromodulation. Also, a relatively high incidence of adverse events like electrode erosions, dislocation, wire fracture and/or infection at the surgical site mandates a change in our approach to neuromodulation technology and implant techniques in the craniofacial region...
October 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023334/application-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-in-single-incision-laparoscopic-distal-gastrectomy
#18
Junfeng Zhou, Qingliang He, Jiaxing Wang, Qicai Liu, Mi Wang
BACKGROUND: Recently, enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) was widely used in the perioperative management of gastric cancer. The study aimed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of ERAS in single-incision laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (SIDG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 90 patients who received laparoscopic gastric cancer resection were divided into 3 groups: group A (n=30), underwent traditional multiport laparoscopic distal gastrectomy with conventional perioperative management; group B (n=30) underwent traditional multiport laparoscopic distal gastrectomy with ERAS concept; and group C (n=30), underwent SIDG with ERAS concept...
October 11, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023082/be-vigilant-for-skin-manifestations-of-inherited-cancer-syndromes
#19
Alice SM Tidman
More than 200 hereditary cancer susceptibility syndromes have been described, and it is thought that they account for 5-10% of all cancers. Many have dermatological manifestations (usually lesions, occasionally rashes) which frequently precede other systemic pathology. Dermatological signs are usually non-specific and often trivial in appearance, making their significance easy to overlook and a clinical diagnosis challenging. Histological examination is often required to differentiate lesions. They are usually benign and pathologically unrelated to the primary tumours, with the exception of the atypical moles of the dysplastic naevus syndrome, and may present simply as a cosmetic problem for the patient...
January 2017: Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974839/phacoemulsification-after-penetrating-keratoplasty-due-war-injury-at-young-adult
#20
Emir Cabric, Vahid Jusufovic, Nizama Salihefendic, Amra Nadarevic Vodencarevic
INTRODUCTION: It is known that phacoemulsification of cataracts after penetrating keratoplasty there are always some difficulties and of course a higher rate of different intraoperative complications. Phacoemulsification after PK may cause significant endothelial injury and affect long term graft survival. AIM: The aim of this report is to describe one of these cases and the possible ways to manage them. CASE REPORT: We report a case o of a 31-year-old female patient, with a cataract on her left eye...
June 2017: Medical Archives
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