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Cosmetic patient management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104093/surgical-management-of-delayed-irreducible-gartland-iii-supracondylar-fractures-in-children-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-versus-external-fixation
#1
Jin Li, DeHao Fu, Chong Yu, ShangYu Wang, RenHao Ze, Xin Tang
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous pinning has been accepted as the "gold standard" for displaced supracondylar humeral fracture (SHF) in children. However, to secure an anatomic reduction and to reduce the rotated fragment, open reduction is often necessary when there is inadequate stabilization or a satisfactory reduction has failed to be achieved. The study aimed to compare the efficacy of the open reduction and bioabsorbable poly-d,l-lactic acid (PDLLA) pin fixation method with the closed reduction and lateral external fixation method in irreducible delayed Gartland type III SHF in children...
February 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096930/management-of-adult-concealed-penis-using-a-meshed-split-thickness-skin-graft
#2
Aaron Boonjindasup, Michael Pinsky, Carrie Stewart, Landon Trost, Abigail Chaffin, David Jansen, Wayne Hellstrom
INTRODUCTION: Concealed penis (CP) is a rare problem faced by urologists and plastic surgeons. CP occurs secondary to trauma, obesity, or infection. Surgical treatment is individualized and based on patient and provider variables. We aim to review our recent experience using meshed split-thickness skin grafting (STSG) for CP management. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on patients who underwent STSG for CP at our institution. Records were reviewed for demographic, operative, and postoperative variables...
November 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077134/endoscopy-assisted-surgery-for-the-management-of-benign-breast-tumors-technique-learning-curve-and-patient-reported-outcome-from-preliminary-323-procedures
#3
Hung-Wen Lai, Hui-Yu Lin, Shu-Ling Chen, Shou-Tung Chen, Dar-Ren Chen, Shou-Jen Kuo
BACKGROUND: Endoscopy-assisted breast surgery (EABS), a technique that optimizes cosmetic outcome because it is performed through small wounds hidden in inconspicuous areas, could be an alternative surgical technique for benign breast tumors. In this study, we report the preliminary results of 323 EABS procedures performed at our institution for the management of benign breast tumors. METHODS: The medical records of patients who underwent EABS for benign breast lesions during the periods August 2010 to December 2015 were collected from the Changhua Christian Hospital EABS database...
January 11, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061538/palliative-radiotherapy-for-skin-malignancies
#4
Winston Vuong, Jessica Lin, Randy L Wei
Palliative radiotherapy (PRT) improves patient quality of life (QoL) through alleviating cancer-associated symptoms such as pain, bleeding, and ulceration. Palliative management of patients with skin malignancies requires consideration of cosmetic and psychosocial outcomes as QoL measures. In this review, we highlight the current literature and advances in the use of PRT for patients with the three most commonly encountered forms of skin malignancies: basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and melanoma...
December 19, 2016: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059851/treated-unilateral-lambdoid-synostosis-using-cranium-distraction-osteogenesis-with-z-shaped-osteotomy
#5
Shen Weimin, Jie Cui, Jianbing Chen, Qingwen Gao
PURPOSE: We studied the effect of cranium distraction osteogenesis using Z-shaped osteotomy to treat unilateral lambdoid synostosis. METHODS: Simulating the occipital, parietal, and temporal bones as a hemisphere, we designed a lambdoid suture that connected parallel osteotomy and sagittal sutures or extended to fossa cranii posterioras much like the parallel lines connect the upper and lower aspects of the letter Z. Two to 3 distraction devices were then installed after the Z-shaped osteotomy suture...
January 3, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059055/gluteal-muscle-contracture-diagnosis-and-management-options
#6
Saroj Rai, Chunqing Meng, Xiaohong Wang, Nabin Chaudhary, Shengyang Jin, Shuhua Yang, Hong Wang
Gluteal muscle contracture (GMC), a debilitating disease, exists all over the globe but it is much more prevalent in China. Patients typically present with abduction and external rotation of the hip and are unable to bring both the knees together while squatting. Multiple etiologies have been postulated, the commonest being repeated intramuscular injection into the buttocks. The disease is diagnosed primarily by clinical features but radiological features are necessary for the exclusion of other pathological conditions...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050665/a-prospective-assessment-of-clinical-and-patient-reported-outcomes-of-initial-non-operative-management-of-ventral-hernias
#7
Julie L Holihan, Juan R Flores-Gonzalez, Jiandi Mo, Tien C Ko, Lillian S Kao, Mike K Liang
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the clinical or patient-reported outcomes with non-operative management of ventral hernias. The aim of this prospective study is to determine the clinical and patient-reported outcomes of patients undergoing initial non-operative treatment of their ventral hernia. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective observational study of patients undergoing non-operative management of ventral hernias. Primary outcome was rate of surgical repair of the ventral hernias...
January 3, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050430/post-traumatic-ectopic-nail-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#8
Susanta Meher, Tushar Subhadarshan Mishra, Prakash Kumar Sasmal, Bikram Rout, Rakesh Sharma
Ectopic nail or Onychoheterotopia is an uncommon clinical entity. They are usually congenital; the acquired variety is very rare. The exact pathogenesis of the disease is not clear. They present as a nail like outgrowth, distinct from the classic nail units which is usually asymptomatic. The dorsal aspect of fingers and toes are mostly affected. We present a case of a 24-year-old male with post-traumatic ectopic nail of right middle finger. Complete surgical excision of the ectopic nail was done with its germinal matrix...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050062/reliability-of-the-pectoralis-major-myocutaneous-flap-in-reconstructive-oral-cancer-surgery-in-developing-countries-our-experience
#9
Atanu Bhanja, D S J D'Souza, Collin Roy, R N Poddar
BACKGROUND: Although free flaps are nowadays considered 'Gold standard' of head and neck reconstruction, pectoralis major myocutaneous (PMMC) flap is still popular among many reconstructive cancer surgeons in developing countries for its many advantages and also due to lack of resources for free flaps in most of the centers, large number of cancer patients with poor nutritional status and economic condition. However, many studies have reported high complication rate in PMMC flap. So, the purpose of our study was to evaluate the reliability of PMMC flap...
December 2016: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030581/oncoplastic-surgery-for-upper-upper-inner-quadrant-breast-cancer
#10
Joseph Lin, Dar-Ren Chen, Yu-Fen Wang, Hung-Wen Lai
Tumors located in the upper/upper inner quadrant of the breast warrant more attention. A small lesion relative to the size of breast in this location may be resolved by performing a level I oncoplastic technique. However, a wide excision may significantly reduce the overall quality of the breast shape by distorting the visible breast line. From June 2012 to April 2015, 36 patients with breast cancer located in the upper/upper inner quadrant underwent breast-conservation surgery with matrix rotation mammoplasty...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027260/evidence-based-medicine-liposuction
#11
Christopher T Chia, Ryan M Neinstein, Spero J Theodorou
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Review the appropriate indications and techniques for suction-assisted lipectomy body contouring surgery. 2. Accurately calculate the patient limits of lidocaine for safe dosing during the tumescent infiltration phase of liposuction. 3. Determine preoperatively possible "red flags" or symptoms and signs in the patient history and physical examination that may indicate a heightened risk profile for a liposuction procedure...
January 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025919/amcp-partnership-forum-enabling-the-exchange-of-clinical-and-economic-information-pre-fda-approval
#12
(no author information available yet)
: Current federal laws and FDA regulations have significantly restricted the sharing of clinical and health economic information on biopharmaceuticals that have yet to receive FDA approval. Over the past several years, organizations that make health care coverage decisions, including those that set copayments, premiums, and formulary placement, have expressed a need for receiving this information before approval, as long as appropriate safeguards exist to prevent this information from reaching unintended entities...
January 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012331/multidisciplinary-management-of-a-patient-with-van-der-woude-syndrome-a-case-report
#13
Azita Tehranchi, Hossein Behnia, Nasser Nadjmi, Vahid Reza Yassaee, Zeinab Ravesh, Morteza Mina
INTRODUCTION: Van der Woude syndrome (VWS) is the most frequent form of syndromic cleft lip and palate (SCLP) accounting for 2% of all patients with CLP. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the orthodontic treatment of a girl diagnosed with VWS referred by her family dentist for her cosmetic concerns. DISCUSSION: Comprehensive orthodontic treatment, secondary bone graft, distraction osteogenesis (for a deficient maxilla), secondary palatoplasty and excision of lower lip pits, as well as orthodontic and prosthetic procedures may provide a satisfactory outcome...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009693/importance-of-scar-prevention-and-treatment-an-approach-from-wound-care-principles
#14
Leonardo Marini, Derek Odendaal, Sergey Smirnyi
BACKGROUND: The increased number of cosmetic surgical and nonsurgical procedures has led to a greater demand to achieve aesthetically acceptable scars. Silicone gel (SG) dressings were evaluated in these cases following the principles of wound care and also minimizing abnormal scar formation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A newly developed solution in wound care in the form of a SG has proven to be a highly effective treatment for a series of 4 clinically challenging cases presented in this article: postprocedure healing after a laser treatment, nonhealing scalp wounds, chronic relapsing xerotic eczematous cheilitis, and the treatment of scars caused by third degree burns...
January 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005626/vulvar-varicosities-a-review
#15
Anna S Kim, Laura A Greyling, Loretta S Davis
BACKGROUND: Vulvar varicosities (VV) are dilated and tortuous veins occurring within the external female genitalia. Patients may seek treatment of these varices for both medical and cosmetic purposes. In some patients, VV may be associated with a chronic pelvic pain syndrome called pelvic congestion syndrome (PCS). OBJECTIVE: To review the English language literature on VV in both pregnant and nonpregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search pertaining to vulvar varicosities and PCS was performed using PubMed and Google Scholar databases...
December 21, 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994796/a-comparison-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-following-different-treatment-approaches-for-adolescents-with-severe-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Josette Bettany-Saltikov, Hans-Rudolf Weiss, Nachiappan Chockalingam, Gokulakannan Kandasamy, Tracey Arnell
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a three-dimensional deformity of the spine which is usually not symptomatic and which can progress during growth and cause a surface deformity. In adulthood, if the final spinal curvature surpasses a certain critical threshold, the risk of health problems and curve progression is increased. Although surgery is usually recommended for curvatures exceeding 40° to 50° to stop curvature progression, recent reviews have shed some light on the long-term complications of such surgery and to the lack of evidence for such complicated procedures within the scientific literature...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992297/single-port-robotic-cholecystectomy-in-pediatric-patients-single-institution-experience
#17
Armando Rosales-Velderrain, Fuad Alkhoury
INTRODUCTION: Modifications to conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy are aimed to decrease abdominal pain and improve cosmetic results. Single-port robotic cholecystectomy is a safe and feasible approach that has been reported in adults, though reports are limited in children. This study aims to report our experience with single-port robotic cholecystectomy in children, and to evaluate the safety, feasibility, and outcomes of this approach. METHODS: After single-port robotic approach was available at our institution, we prospectively followed our patients who underwent a single-port robotic cholecystectomy from March 2013 to May 2015 in our children's hospital...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988199/desmoid-tumours-of-the-head-and-neck-in-children-review-of-management
#18
M Risoud, G Mortuaire, X Leroy, P Leblond, P Fayoux
OBJECTIVE: Desmoid tumours of the head and neck in children are rare, local invasive and potentially fatal tumours. The purpose of this review is to discuss the management of these tumours in the light of a case series and a review of the literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study summarised the medical data of children treated for desmoid tumours of the head and neck between 1976 and 2014. RESULTS: Five of the 6 children were treated by radical surgical resection, with positive surgical margins (R1) in 2 cases, followed by recurrence requiring further resection...
December 14, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986736/efficacy-and-safety-of-wuling-san-for-treatment-of-breast-cancer-related-upper-extremity-lymphoedema-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-trial
#19
Huiru Zhu, Zheng Peng, Meiyu Dai, Yan Zou, Fengxian Qin, Jifei Chen, Liuying Song, Baoyu He, Xiaolan Lv, Shengming Dai
INTRODUCTION: Breast-cancer-related upper extremity lymphoedema (BCUL), a common complication of mastectomy, can cause physical discomfort, psychological distress, cosmetic defects, functional disability and chronic recurrent erysipelas in the affected arm(s). It is a challenge to physicians involved in the management of these patients. Wuling San, a classic prescription in Traditional Chinese Medicine used in treating oedema for thousands of years, is reported by many Chinese journals to perform well in BCUL...
December 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975011/-well-digging-subcraniotomy-strategy-with-navigation-for-optic-nerve-decompression-in-frontoorbital-fibrous-dysplasia-preliminary-experience
#20
Yunhe Lu, Junyi Yang, Yingzhi Wu, Sida Pan, Jiawen Lu, Xiongzheng Mu
BACKGROUND: During the past decades, surgical intervention has been the primary treatment modality for frontoorbital fibrous dysplasia involving optic nerve. However, controversy has surrounded the role of optic nerve decompression in a number of ways. Herein, we describe 3 patients with frontoorbital fibrous dysplasia involving optic nerve, who underwent a "well digging" subcraniotomy strategy with navigation for intraorbital unit optic nerve decompression. METHODS: From 2013 to 2015, 3 patients with frontoorbital fibrous dysplasia were investigated in a retrospective manner...
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
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