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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343226/the-effect-of-ineffective-esophageal-motility-on-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#1
Shingo Kasamatsu, Tomoaki Matsumura, Yuki Ohta, Shinsaku Hamanaka, Hideaki Ishigami, Takashi Taida, Kenichiro Okimoto, Keiko Saito, Daisuke Maruoka, Tomoo Nakagawa, Tatsuro Katsuno, Mai Fujie, Atsuko Kikuchi, Makoto Arai
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ineffective esophageal motility (IEM) is the most common gastrointestinal motility disorder. Studies have reported that IEM is related to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). However, the relationship between IEM and GERD remains uncertain. This study aims to clarify this relationship retrospectively. METHODS: We analyzed 195 subjects who underwent high-resolution manometry between January 2011 and September 2016. Of these subjects, 72 had normal esophageal motility (NEM) and 26 had IEM...
March 25, 2017: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343116/health-and-weight-gender-specific-linkages-under-heterogeneity-interdependence-and-resilience-factors
#2
Olaf Hübler
Many studies have shown that obesity is a serious health problem for our society. Empirical analyses often neglect a number of methodological issues and relevant influences on health. This paper investigates empirically whether neglecting these items leads to systematically different estimates. Based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, this study derives the following results. (1) Many combinations of weight and height lead to the same health status. (2) The relationship between health and body mass index is nonlinear...
March 11, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342622/an-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-burnout-socio-demographic-and-workplace-factors-and-job-satisfaction-among-emergency-department-health-professionals
#3
Menderes Tarcan, Neşet Hikmet, Benjamin Schooley, Mehmet Top, Gamze Yorgancıoglu Tarcan
INTRODUCTION: Burnout among emergency medical practitioners and personnel negatively affects career satisfaction and job performance and can lead to mental health issues, including anxiety, depression, and suicide. PURPOSE: This study investigated the relationship between the perceptions of burnout and job satisfaction of those working in two different hospital's emergency departments assessing the effect of burnout dimensions and additional factors (age, position, marital status, annual income, employment type, gender, patient encounters, and household economic well-being) on job satisfaction...
April 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340429/simple-index-of-functional-connectivity-at-rest-in-multiple-sclerosis-fatigue
#4
Korhan Buyukturkoglu, Camillo Porcaro, Carlo Cottone, Andrea Cancelli, Matilde Inglese, Franca Tecchio
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the EEG-derived functional connectivity at rest (FCR) patterns of fatigued Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients in order to find good parameters for a future EEG-Neurofeedback intervention to reduce their fatigue symptoms. METHODS: We evaluated FCR between hemispheric homologous areas, via spectral coherence between pairs of corresponding left and right bipolar derivations, in the Theta, Alpha and Beta bands. We estimated FCR in 18MS patients with different levels of fatigue and minimal clinical severity and in 11 age and gender matched healthy controls...
February 28, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340108/cigarette-smoking-and-musculoskeletal-pain-severity-among-male-and-female-afghanistan-iraq-era-veterans
#5
Kimberly T Green, Sarah M Wilson, Paul A Dennis, Jennifer J Runnals, Rebecca A Williams, Lori A Bastian, Jean C Beckham, Eric A Dedert, Harold S Kudler, Kristy Straits-Tröster, Jennifer M Gierisch, Patrick S Calhoun
Objective.:  Cigarette smoking and musculoskeletal pain are prevalent among Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system users. These conditions frequently co-occur; however, there is limited empirical information specific to Afghanistan/Iraq era veterans. The present study sought to examine gender differences in the association between cigarette smoking and moderate to severe musculoskeletal pain in US veterans with Afghanistan/Iraq era service. Methods.:  A random sample of 5,000 veterans with service after November 11, 2001, participated in a survey assessing health care needs and barriers to care...
March 14, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339298/evaluations-and-future-plans-after-casual-sexual-experiences-differences-across-partner-type
#6
Rose Wesche, Shannon E Claxton, Eva S Lefkowitz, Manfred H M van Dulmen
Casual sexual relationships and experiences (CSREs) are common among emerging adults, and their diversity may contribute to variability in their associations with mental health and future romantic relationship development. The present research used multiple regression analyses to examine how CSRE type (casual dating, friends with benefits [FWB], or booty call/one-night stand) is associated with short-term outcomes of these experiences, including positive and negative evaluations, plans to start a romantic relationship with a CSRE partner, and general plans for future CSREs...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337821/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-added-to-care-as-usual-for-lung-cancer-patients-and-or-their-partners-a-multi-centre-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
M P J Schellekens, D G M van den Hurk, J B Prins, A R T Donders, J Molema, R Dekhuijzen, M A van der Drift, A E M Speckens
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer patients report among the highest distress rates of all cancer patients. Partners report similar distress rates. The present study examined the effectiveness of additional Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (CAU + MBSR) versus solely care as usual (CAU) to reduce psychological distress in lung cancer patients and/or their partners. METHODS: We performed a multicentre, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial. MBSR is an 8-week group-based intervention, including mindfulness practice and teachings on stress...
March 23, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337687/assessing-the-culture-of-residency-using-the-c-change-resident-survey-validity-evidence-in-34-u-s-residency-programs
#8
Linda H Pololi, Arthur T Evans, Janet T Civian, Sandy Shea, Robert T Brennan
BACKGROUND: A practical instrument is needed to reliably measure the clinical learning environment and professionalism for residents. OBJECTIVE: To develop and present evidence of validity of an instrument to assess the culture of residency programs and the clinical learning environment. DESIGN: During 2014-2015, we surveyed residents using the C - Change Resident Survey to assess residents' perceptions of the culture in their programs. PARTICIPANTS: Residents in all years of training in 34 programs in internal medicine, pediatrics, and general surgery in 14 geographically diverse public and private academic health systems...
March 23, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337584/-i-can-t-take-hold-of-some-kind-of-a-life-the-role-of-social-connectedness-and-confidence-in-engaging-lost-adolescents-with-their-lives
#9
Nicole M Ja, Paul E Jose
Erik Erikson's theoretical writings on identity have provided a rich foundation upon which decades of research on identity development have been built. However, literature is lacking regarding adolescents who are aware that they lack knowledge about the self (i.e., values, likes, and dislikes) to the extent that they are stuck and directionless, and therefore unable to engage in the process of identity formation, what we refer to as a state of "lostness." Furthermore, while it has been established that supportive relationships facilitate identity development, less is known about whether various domains of social connectedness may diminish "lostness" over time, and if so, what may be the specific processes or conditions within each connectedness domain that supports this aspect of identity development...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337362/analysis-of-g3bp1-and-vezt-expression-in-gastric-cancer-and-their-possible-correlation-with-tumor-clinicopathological-factors
#10
Mohammadreza Beheshtizadeh, Elham Moslemi
PURPOSE: This study aimed to analyze G3BP1 and VEZT expression profiles in patients with gastric cancer, and examine the possible relationship between the expressions of each gene and clinicopathological factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Expression of these genes in formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissues, collected from 40 patients with gastric cancer and 40 healthy controls, was analyzed. Differences in gene expression among patient and normal samples were identified using the GraphPad Prism 5 software...
March 2017: Journal of Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336745/sport-and-scholastic-factors-in-relation-to-smoking-and-smoking-initiation-in-older-adolescents-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#11
Damir Sekulic, Nedim Sisic, Admir Terzic, Indira Jasarevic, Ljerka Ostojic, Haris Pojskic, Natasa Zenic
OBJECTIVE: Sport and scholastic factors are known to be associated with cigarette smoking in adolescence, but little is known about the causality of this association. The aim of this study was to prospectively explore the relationships of different sport and scholastic factors with smoking prevalence initiation in older adolescents from Bosnia and Herzegovina. METHODS: In this 2-year prospective cohort study, there were 872 adolescent participants (16 years at baseline; 46% females)...
March 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334345/effects-of-age-and-gender-on-recall-and-recognition-discriminability
#12
Lisa V Graves, Charles C Moreno, Michelle Seewald, Heather M Holden, Emily J Van Etten, Vedang Uttarwar, Carrie R McDonald, Lisa Delano-Wood, Mark W Bondi, Steven Paul Woods, Dean C Delis, Paul E Gilbert
Objective: Recall and recognition memory abilities are known to decline with increasing age, yet much of the evidence stems from studies that used simple measures of total target recall or recognition. The California Verbal Learning Test-Second Edition (CVLT-II) includes a new measure of recall discriminability that is analogous to recognition discriminability. These discriminability measures yield more thorough assessments of recall and recognition by accounting for intrusion and false positive errors, respectively...
March 17, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333973/reported-reasons-for-breakdown-of-marriage-and-cohabitation-in-britain-findings-from-the-third-national-survey-of-sexual-attitudes-and-lifestyles-natsal-3
#13
Kirsten Gravningen, Kirstin R Mitchell, Kaye Wellings, Anne M Johnson, Rebecca Geary, Kyle G Jones, Soazig Clifton, Bob Erens, Michelle Lu, Chenchit Chayachinda, Nigel Field, Pam Sonnenberg, Catherine H Mercer
OBJECTIVES: Breakdown of marriage and cohabitation is common in Western countries and is costly for individuals and society. Most research on reasons for breakdown has focused on marriages ending in divorce and/or have used data unrepresentative of the population. We present prevalence estimates of, and differences in, reported reasons for recent breakdown of marriages and cohabitations in Britain. METHODS: Descriptive analyses of data from Britain's third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3), a probability sample survey (15,162 people aged 16-74 years) undertaken 2010-2012, using computer-assisted personal interviewing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329854/widowhood-and-depression-in-a-cross-national-perspective-evidence-from-the-united-states-europe-korea-and-china
#14
Apoorva Jadhav, David Weir
Objectives: We explore marital and depression trajectories over time for men and women, and distinguish between mood and somatic depression across contexts. Method: We use longitudinal data from 2002 to 2013 from the United States, England, Europe, Korea, and China to explore depression among individuals married at baseline and follow their trajectories into widowhood with married as the reference group. We use random effects models to estimate these trajectories using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) or EURO-D scales for men and women...
March 8, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329841/using-latent-class-analysis-to-identify-profiles-of-elder-abuse-perpetrators
#15
Marguerite DeLiema, Jeanine Yonashiro-Cho, Zach D Gassoumis, Yongjie Yon, Ken J Conrad
Objectives: Research suggests that abuser risk factors differ across elder mistreatment types, but abuse interventions are not individualized. To move away from assumptions of perpetrator homogeneity and to inform intervention approaches, this study classifies abusers into subtypes according to their behavior profiles. Method: Data are from the Older Adult Mistreatment Assessment administered to victims by Adult Protective Service (APS) in Illinois. Latent class analysis was used to categorize abusers (N = 336) using victim and caseworker reports on abusers' harmful and supportive behaviors and characteristics...
March 8, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328798/body-mass-index-and-the-risk-of-low-bone-mass-related-fractures-in-women-compared-with-men-a-prisma-compliant-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#16
Bing-Yan Xiang, Wei Huang, Guo-Qi Zhou, Ning Hu, Hong Chen, Cheng Chen
BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) is inconsistently associated with the progression of low bone mass-related fractures. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize the evidence regarding the relationship between BMI and the risk of fracture in men and women separately. Furthermore, we analyzed the association between BMI and fracture risk in women compared with men. METHODS: PubMed, EmBase, and the Cochrane Library were searched up to November 2015 to identify prospective cohort studies of low bone mass-related fractures...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327525/prevalence-of-malocclusion-in-3-to-5-year-old-children-in-shanghai-china
#17
Xinhua Zhou, Ying Zhang, Yan Wang, Hao Zhang, Li Chen, Yuehua Liu
The aim of the present study was to obtain the prevalence of malocclusions in preschool children in Shanghai, China. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 2335 children aged 3-5 years from kindergartens. Several occlusal parameters were clinically assessed, including second deciduous molar terminal plane, canine relationship, degree of overjet and overbite, anterior and posterior crossbite, and the presence or absence of physiologic spaces and crowding. All parents of subjects were asked to fill in the oral health knowledge questionnaires...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326866/lifestyle-and-emotional-well-being-in-men-and-women-with-type-2-diabetes-e-vitadm-4-zodiac-48
#18
Steven H Hendriks, Evelien G W van Soldt, Michael van Vugt, Klaas H Groenier, Yvonne Roelofsen, Angela H E M Maas, Henk J G Bilo, Nanne Kleefstra, Kornelis J J van Hateren
BACKGROUND: Whether lifestyle is associated with well-being in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) is largely unknown. Uncovering and clarifying associations between these constructs may lead to new strategies for improving both. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to investigate the relationship between lifestyle and well-being, focussing on gender differences. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1085 patients with T2D that participated in the e-Vita part of the Zwolle outpatient diabetes project integrating available care (ZODIAC) study...
December 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326792/-i-was-just-so-different-the-experiences-of-women-diagnosed-with-an-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-adulthood-in-relation-to-gender-and-social-relationships
#19
Lucie Kanfiszer, Fran Davies, Suzanne Collins
Existing literature exploring autism spectrum disorders within female populations predominantly utilises quantitative methodology. A limited number of small-scale, qualitative studies have explored the experiences of adolescent girls with autism spectrum disorder, but adult women have remained largely unheard. This study aims to broaden the stories told within autobiographical literature and empower those within the wider community of women with autism spectrum disorder. In doing so, it seeks to extend existing conceptualisations of experience to include socially and culturally located factors...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325597/relationships-between-acrylamide-and-glycidamide-hemoglobin-adduct-levels-and-allergy-related-outcomes-in-general-us-population-nhanes-2005-2006
#20
Jing Guo, Dongdong Yu, Na Lv, Rongpan Bai, Chunjing Xu, Guangdi Chen, Weiming Cao
BACKGROUND: Acrylamide-induced immunotoxicity and allergic dermatitis have been reported in animal experiments and clinical reports, respectively. However, epidemiological evidence from the general population is limited. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to estimate the associations between acrylamide exposure and allergy-related outcomes in the general US population. METHODS: A total of 6982 subjects were selected from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2006 (NHANES)...
March 18, 2017: Environmental Pollution
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