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Gender differences and relationships

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778123/educated-and-at-risk-how-the-shortage-of-available-partners-influences-hiv-risk-for-college-educated-african-american-women
#1
Valerie R Newsome, Collins O Airhihenbuwa, Shedra Amy Snipes
BACKGROUND: African-Americans have the greatest gender-ratio imbalance compared to other racial groups in the United States. This has been associated with higher rates of concurrent sexual partnerships, increasing risk of HIV infection. College-educated African-American women are of particular interest as they are not often represented in studies on HIV prevention, while their dating and sexual negotiation patterns may differ from those of their lower-educated and lower-income counterparts more often the subject of study in HIV research among African-Americans...
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777458/increased-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-expression-and-rs11568820-and-rs4516035-promoter-polymorphisms-in-autistic-disorder
#2
Burhan Balta, Hakan Gumus, Ruslan Bayramov, Keziban Korkmaz Bayramov, Murat Erdogan, Didem Behice Oztop, Muhammet Ensar Dogan, Serpil Taheri, Munis Dundar
Although there are a large number of sequence variants of different genes and copy number variations at various loci identified in autistic disorder (AD) patients, the pathogenesis of AD has not been elucidated completely. Recently, in AD patients, a large number of expression array and transcriptome studies have shown an increase in the expression of genes especially related to innate immune response. Antimicrobial effects of vitamin D and VDR are exerted through Toll-Like-Receptors (TLR) which have an important role in the innate immune response, are expressed by antigen presenting cells and recognize foreign microorganisms...
May 18, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774995/-study-on-the-relationship-between-mct-1-and-p53-in-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#3
Y B Wang, O Xu, R J Zhang, C G Shan
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the expression and clinical significance of monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT-1) and p53 in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). Method: Immunohistochemical staining of MCT-1 and p53 was carried out in 41 cases of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma embedded in paraffin, and the relationship between positive expression and clinicopathological data was evaluated. All data were analyzed by SPSS software (Windows version 21.0). Result: In normal mucosa p53 expression was absent; while, the basal "stem cell" layer is highly enriched in MCT-1...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774885/-comparison-of-compression-stability-in-left-common-iliac-vein-at-different-time-by-contrast-enhanced-ct
#4
Li Shen, Jianping Gu, Liwei Wang
To explore the compression stability in left common iliac vein (LCIV) at different times by contrast-enhanced CT in the same patients.
 Methods: This retrospective study included 124 patients (without signs of lower extremity venous diseases), who underwent contrast-enhanced CT at pelvic cavity and reexamined within one year. The degree of compression changes in LCIV was calculated and compared between the two examinations. Moreover, the relationship between age and the compression rate of LCIV was analyzed...
April 28, 2018: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774263/a-cross-cultural-analysis-of-posthumous-reproduction-the-significance-of-the-gender-and-margins-of-life-perspectives
#5
Yael Hashiloni-Dolev, Silke Schicktanz
The scholarly discussion of posthumous reproduction (PHR) focuses on informed consent and the welfare of the future child, for the most part overlooking cultural differences between societies. Based on a cross-cultural comparison of legal and regulatory documents, analysis of pivotal cases and study of scholarly and media discussions in Israel and Germany, this paper analyses the relevant ethical and policy issues, and questions how cultural differences shape the practice of PHR. The findings challenge the common classifications of PHR by highlighting the gender perspective and adding brain-dead pregnant women to the debate...
June 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773714/the-bendy-basilar-progressive-aneurysm-tilting-and-arterial-deformation-can-be-a-delayed-outcome-after-coiling-of-large-basilar-apex-aneurysms
#6
Ansaar T Rai, Abdul R Tarabishy, SoHyun Boo, Jeffrey S Carpenter, Sanjay Bhattia
BACKGROUND: Morphological changes in the basilar artery and the artery-aneurysm relationship following coiling of large basilar apex aneurysms may induce morbidity. METHODS: The basilar artery radius-of-curvature was measured along its center line on volumetrically reconstructed images formatted along the plane of curvature. The aneurysm-tilt-angle was measured between the distal basilar and the vertical long axis of the aneurysm. The measurements were compared between small (<10 mm) and large (≥10 mm) aneurysms on baseline and follow-up studies...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772990/the-effects-of-meniscal-geometry-on-susceptibility-for-meniscal-and-acl-injury-in-non-arthritic-knees-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#7
Alexander Tejani, Qais Naziri, Preston W Grieco, Robert Pivec, Damon Greene, Bhaveen V Kapadia, Dipal Chatterjee, William P Urban
Prior studies have not found significant differences in meniscal parameters between patients with meniscal and ligamentous injury and those without. The purpose of this study was to determine whether such relationships exist. Clinical records and magnetic resonance images of three subject groups were reviewed. Group 1 solely had meniscal tears (medial/lateral), Group 2 had meniscal tears with concurrent ACL tears, and Group 3 had healthy knees. The mean age of subjects included was 35.9 years (range 8.2-72...
2018: Journal of Long-term Effects of Medical Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771087/-expression-of-c-fos-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-and-the-relationship-with-chemosensitivity-and-prognosis
#8
Y T Liu, F P Zhao, H B Miao, S Z Fu, S Zhou, X G Zhang, G Qin
Objective: To investigate the expression of C-fos in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma(NPC), and analyze the relationship between the expression of C-fos and the clinical characteristics, chemosensitivity and prognosis. Method: Clinical and follow-up data of 75 NPC patients was analyzed retrospectively. The expression of C-fos was detected by immunohistochemical assay, and chemosensitivity was detected by ATP bioluminescent anticancer drug sensitivity detection technology. The relationship between them was studied...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770113/aggression-in-women-behavior-brain-and-hormones
#9
REVIEW
Thomas F Denson, Siobhan M O'Dean, Khandis R Blake, Joanne R Beames
We review the literature on aggression in women with an emphasis on laboratory experimentation and hormonal and brain mechanisms. Women tend to engage in more indirect forms of aggression (e.g., spreading rumors) than other types of aggression. In laboratory studies, women are less aggressive than men, but provocation attenuates this difference. In the real world, women are just as likely to aggress against their romantic partner as men are, but men cause more serious physical and psychological harm. A very small minority of women are also sexually violent...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768994/anhedonia-and-the-relationship-between-other-depressive-symptoms-and-aggressive-behavior
#10
Taban Salem, E Samuel Winer, D Gage Jordan, Michael R Nadorff, Jennifer R Fanning, Jessica Bryant, Mitchell E Berman, Jennifer C Veilleux
Depression has been linked to multiple forms of aggressive behavior in college students; however, it is unclear which aspects of depression explain this connection. Anhedonia, defined as the loss of interest and/or pleasure in previously enjoyed activities, may provide unique information about relationships between depression and aggression. Using cross-sectional data from two independent samples of college students ( N = 747 and N = 736 for Study 1 and Study 2, respectively), we examined whether anhedonia helped explain the relationship between broader depressive symptoms and different forms of aggressive and antisocial behavior...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768939/higher-preoperative-plasma-thrombin-potential-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-aortic-stenosis-compared-to-surgery-for-stable-coronary-artery-disease
#11
Axel Dimberg, Ulrica Alström, Elisabeth Ståhle, Christina Christersson
Aortic stenosis (AS) and coronary artery disease (CAD) influence the coagulation system, potentially affecting hemostasis during cardiac surgery. Our aim was to evaluate 2 preoperative global hemostasis assays, plasma thrombin potential and thromboelastometry, in patients with severe aortic valve stenosis compared to patients with CAD. A secondary aim was to test whether the assays were associated with postoperative bleeding. Calibrated automated thrombogram (CAT) in platelet-poor plasma and rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) in whole blood were analyzed in patients scheduled for elective surgery due to severe AS (n = 103) and stable CAD (n = 68)...
January 1, 2018: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768526/validation-and-invariance-across-gender-of-the-beliefs-about-appearance-scale-baas-in-a-community-sample-of-heterosexual-adults-in-a-committed-relationship
#12
Patrícia M Pascoal, Maria-João Alvarez, Magda Sofia Roberto
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Beliefs About Appearance Scale (BAAS) in terms of its factorial structure and invariance, reliability, and validity when applied to adults from the community. METHODS: Participants consisted of 810 heterosexual Portuguese individuals in a committed relationship. As a confirmatory factor analysis did not support the original structure of the BAAS, an exploratory factor analysis was performed. RESULTS: A 12-item version was extracted comprising two dimensions: one personal and the other social...
May 14, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768447/the-role-of-social-relationships-in-the-link-between-olfactory-dysfunction-and-mortality
#13
Carrianne J Leschak, Naomi I Eisenberger
Recent work suggests that olfactory dysfunction is a strong predictor of five-year mortality in older adults. Based on past work showing: 1) that olfactory dysfunction impairs social functioning and 2) that social ties are linked with mortality, the current work explored whether impairments in social life mediated the relationship between olfactory dysfunction and mortality. Additionally, based on work showing gender differences in the social consequences of olfactory dysfunction, gender was assessed as a potential moderator of this association...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768438/survival-in-patients-on-hemodialysis-effect-of-gender-according-to-body-mass-index-and-creatinine
#14
Jeung-Min Park, Jong-Hak Lee, Hye Min Jang, Yeongwoo Park, Yon Su Kim, Shin-Wook Kang, Chul Woo Yang, Nam-Ho Kim, Eugene Kwon, Hyun-Ji Kim, Ji-Eun Lee, Hee-Yeon Jung, Ji-Young Choi, Sun-Hee Park, Chan-Duck Kim, Jang-Hee Cho, Yong-Lim Kim
BACKGROUND: The association of a higher body mass index (BMI) with better survival is a well-known "obesity paradox" in patients on hemodialysis (HD). However, men and women have different body compositions, which could impact the effect of BMI on mortality. We investigated the effect of gender on the obesity-mortality relationship in Korean patients on HD. METHODS: This study included 2,833 maintenance patients on HD from a multicenter prospective cohort study in Korea (NCT00931970)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766944/craniovertebral-junction-evaluation-by-computed-tomography-in-asymptomatic-individuals-in-the-indian-population
#15
Chinmaya Dash, Raghav Singla, Mohit Agarwal, Ambuj Kumar, Hitesh Kumar, Shashwat Mishra, Bhawani S Sharma
Background: The available literature on the anatomy and imaging of the craniovertebral junction (CVJ) focusses on the osteometric indices described for the detection of abnormal relationships between the components of CVJ. However, a knowledge of the normal osteometry of this region in the Indian population is critically important for the operating surgeon as it may influence the surgical technique as well as the choice, size and configurations of the implants. It is also important to determine whether critical differences exist between the osteometric data of Indians and the rest of the world for this part of the anatomy...
May 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764625/recognition-of-phenylthiocarbamide-ptc-in-taste-test-is-related-to-blood-group-b-phenotype-females-and-risk-of-developing-food-allergy-a-cross-sectional-brazilian-based-study
#16
Isac César Roldão Leite, José Carlos Dos Santos Júnior, Cinthya Clara Silva de Sousa, Alexandre Vasconcelos Lima, Ana Luisa Miranda-Vilela
Anti-nutritional factors, including hemagglutinins, are natural substances that reduce nutritional bioavailability and/or generate adverse physiological effects. Most are bitter toxic compounds, but present chemo-protective properties at low concentrations. Responses to phenylthiocarbamide (PTC) allow for an evaluation of humans' perception of bitter taste, a perception that has evolutionary advantages. Therefore, we hypothesized that relationships between food preference, dietary exposures and disease risk could reflect possible associations not only with the recognition threshold for the bitter taste of PTC, but also with ABO/Rh blood group phenotypes...
April 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764465/traditional-knowledge-and-cultural-importance-of-borassus-aethiopum-mart-in-benin-interacting-effects-of-socio-demographic-attributes-and-multi-scale-abundance
#17
Kolawolé Valère Salako, Francisco Moreira, Rodrigue Castro Gbedomon, Frédéric Tovissodé, Achille Ephrem Assogbadjo, Romain Lucas Glèlè Kakaï
BACKGROUND: Eliciting factors affecting distribution of traditional knowledge (TK) and cultural importance of plant resources is central in ethnobiology. Socio-demographic attributes and ecological apparency hypothesis (EAH) have been widely documented as drivers of TK distribution, but their synergistic effect is poorly documented. Here, we focused on Borassus aethiopum, a socio-economic important agroforestry palm in Africa, analyzing relationships between the number of use-reports and cultural importance on one hand, and informant socio-demographic attributes (age category and gender) on the other hand, considering the EAH at multi-scale contexts...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762828/neoplasms-and-renal-transplantation-impact-of-gender-comorbidity-and-age-on-in-hospital-mortality-a-retrospective-study-in-the-region-emilia-romagna-of-italy
#18
F Fabbian, A De Giorgi, R Tiseo, R Cappadona, B Zucchi, M Rubbini, F Signani, A Storari, R De Giorgio, G La Manna, R Manfredini
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the relationship between cancer, non-immunologic comorbidity, estimated by International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codification, gender and in-hospital mortality (IHM) in a large sample of renal transplant recipients (RTRs) living in the region Emilia-Romagna (RER) of Italy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated IHM in RTRs admitted between 2000 and 2013 recorded in the RER database...
April 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760403/correlation-between-ultrasound-diagnosed-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-and-periodontal-condition-in-a-cross-sectional-study-in-japan
#19
Takahiro Iwasaki, Akiko Hirose, Tetsuji Azuma, Tamie Ohashi, Kazutoshi Watanabe, Akihiro Obora, Fumiko Deguchi, Takao Kojima, Atsunori Isozaki, Takaaki Tomofuji
This cross-sectional study investigated the relationship between periodontal condition and ultrasound-diagnosed non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in a Japanese oral health check population. A total of 1226 consecutive participant were enrolled in the study. Abdominal ultrasonography was applied to diagnose NAFLD. Of the study participants, 339 (27.7%) had ultrasonography-diagnosed NAFLD. The participants with NAFLD had a significantly higher prevalence of probing pocket depth (PPD) ≥ 4 mm (86...
May 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759034/motives-offending-behavior-and-gender-differences-in-murder-perpetrators-with-or-without-psychosis
#20
Henning Hachtel, Margaret Nixon, Debra Bennett, Paul Mullen, James Ogloff
Little is known whether differences exist in motivation and reactive/instrumental offense behaviors between murder offenders with and without psychotic disorder. To contribute to better prevention strategies, the aim of this study was to investigate offense characteristics in murder offenders with a psychotic, nonpsychotic or no psychiatric diagnosis, and whether these factors differ according to sex. This data study examined the population of murder offenders between 1997 and 2005 ( N = 435) in Victoria, Australia...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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