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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053011/dismantling-the-silence-lgbtq-aging-emerging-from-the-margins
#1
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
Historical, environmental, and cultural contexts intersect with aging, sexuality, and gender across communities and generations. My scholarship investigates health and well-being over the life course across marginalized communities, including LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer) midlife and older adults, native communities experiencing cardiovascular risk, and families in China living with HIV, in order to balance the realities of unique lives in contemporary society. By probing the intersection of age, sexuality, and gender, my analysis is informed by both personal and professional experiences...
January 3, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027071/covert-hepatic-encephalopathy-can-my-patient-drive
#2
Jawaid Shaw, Jasmohan S Bajaj
Liver cirrhosis is a public health problem and hepatic encephalopathy is one of its main complications, which can be either overt meaning thereby evident and readily diagnosed, or covert/minimal (covert hepatic encephalopathy-CHE) needing psychometric testing for diagnosis. Patients with CHE hepatic encephalopathy have deficits in multiple domains including visuospatial assessment, attention, response inhibition, working memory, along with psychomotor speed to name a few areas. These patients have poor navigational skills, get fatigued easily, and demonstrate poor insight into their driving deficits...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988553/revision-of-the-genus-i-pselaphomorphus-i-motschulsky-1855-staphylinidae-pselaphinae-jubini-corrections
#3
Laura M Vásquez-Vélez
In my revision of the genus Pselaphomorphus Motschulsky, 1855 (Vásquez-Vélez 2016) the depository of the holotype of P. cayennensis Vásquez-Vélez, 2016 was not listed. As a result, the requirements of Article 16.4.2 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature 1999) have not been met, making the name unavailable. This note aims at correcting the earlier mistake: the holotype of P. cayennensis is deposited at the Museum of natural history (Muséum d'histoire naturelle), Geneva, Switzerland...
December 12, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959631/the-microscope-as-a-tool-for-disease-discovery-a-personal-voyage
#4
Elaine S Jaffe
This review reflects the trajectory of my career in hematopathology, and my personal reflections on scientific advances in the field. During the course of more than 40 years, the approach to classification of hematological malignancies has evolved from descriptive approaches, based on either cytological or clinical features, to a modern approach, which incorporates cutting-edge technologies. My philosophy has focused on defining individual diseases, an approach that can best lead to an understanding of molecular pathogenesis...
December 5, 2016: Annual Review of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919295/advances-in-intelligence-research-what-should-be-expected-in-the-xxi-century-questions-answers
#5
Roberto Colom
Here I briefly delineate my view about the main question of this International Seminar, namely, what should we expecting from the XXI Century regarding the advancements in intelligence research. This view can be summarized as 'The Brain Connection' (TBC), meaning that neuroscience will be of paramount relevance for increasing our current knowledge related to the key question: why are some people smarter than others? We need answers to the issue of what happens in our brains when the genotype and the environment are integrated...
December 6, 2016: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918221/neutrophilic-inflammation-in-asthma-mechanisms-and-therapeutic-considerations
#6
Hun Soo Chang, Tae-Hyeong Lee, Ji Ae Jun, Ae Rin Baek, Jong-Sook Park, So-My Koo, Yang-Ki Kim, Ho Sung Lee, Choon-Sik Park
Neutrophilic airway inflammation represents a pathologically distinct form of asthma and frequently appears in symptomatic adulthood asthmatics. However, clinical impacts and mechanisms of the neutrophilic inflammation have not been thoroughly evaluated up to date. Areas covered: Currently, distinct clinical manifestations, triggers, and molecular mechanisms of the neutrophilic inflammation (namely Toll-like receptor, Th1, Th17, inflammasome) are under investigation in asthma. Furthermore, possible role of the neutrophilic inflammation is being investigated in respect to the airway remodeling...
January 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916641/ucp1-the-mitochondrial-uncoupling-protein-of-brown-adipocyte-a-personal-contribution-and-a-historical-perspective
#7
REVIEW
Daniel Ricquier
The present text summarizes what was my contribution, starting in 1975, to the research on the uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1), the mitochondrial uncoupler of brown adipocytes. The research on UCP1 aimed at identifying the mechanisms of heat production by brown adipocytes that occurs in mammals either at birth or during cold exposure and arousal in hibernators. With others and in particular Dr. David Nicholls, I participated in the first experiments that contributed to the identification of UCP1. Important steps were the obtention of UCP1 antibodies followed with my main collaborator and friend Frédéric Bouillaud with the initial cloning of the UCP1 cDNA and gene from rats and humans...
December 1, 2016: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875121/nikola-tesla-why-was-he-so-much-resisted-and-forgotten-retrospectroscope
#8
Max E Valentinuzzi, Martin Hill Ortiz, Daniel Cervantes, Ron S Leder
Recently, during the Christmas season, a friend of mine visited me and, sneaking a look at my bookshelves, found two rather old Nikola Tesla biographies, which I had used to prepare a "Retrospectroscope" column for the then-named IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine when our dear friend Alvin Wald was its editor-inchief [2]. Eighteen years have elapsed since then; soon, the idea came up of revamping the article. Cynthia Weber, the magazine's current associate editor, considered it acceptable, and here is the new note divided in two parts: that is, a slightly revised version of the original article followed by new material, including some quite interesting information regarding Tesla's homes and laboratories...
November 2016: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870083/being-right-isn-t-always-enough-nfl-culture-and-team-physicians-conflict-of-interest
#9
Ross McKinney
The job of being a sports team physician is difficult, regardless of the level, from high school to the National Football League. When a sports league receives the intensity of attention leveled at the NFL, though, a difficult occupation becomes even more challenging. Even for the NFL players themselves, players' best interests regarding health issues are often unclear. Football players are, as a lot, highly competitive individuals. They want to win, and they want to help the team win. It's a warrior culture, and respect is earned by playing hurt...
November 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857267/online-registries-for-researchers-using-orcid-and-sciencv
#10
Mark Vrabel
The Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID) registry helps resolve name ambiguity by assigning persistent unique identifiers that automatically link to a researcher's publications, grants, and other activities. This article provides an overview of ORCID and its benefits, citing several examples of its use in cancer and nursing journals. The article also briefly describes My NCBI and the Science Experts Network Curriculum Vitae (SciENcv) and its connection to ORCID.
December 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833177/dignity-reevaluated-a-theological-examination-of-human-dignity-and-the-role-of-the-church-in-bioethics-and-end-of-life-care
#11
Quentin I T Genuis
Predominant among the terminological ambiguities that plague contemporary bioethics is confusion attending the meaning of the term "human dignity," particularly as it applies to so-called end-of-life discussions. This study surveys current trends in treatment of the concept of dignity, examining relevant thinkers who see dignity as redundant or as capability-dependent. These inadequate views are contrasted with an attitude, based theologically in Mark 5, that understands human dignity to represent an absolute characteristic that is donated graciously to all bearers of imago Dei...
February 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819681/ripk1-counteracts-zbp1-mediated-necroptosis-to-inhibit-inflammation
#12
Juan Lin, Snehlata Kumari, Chun Kim, Trieu-My Van, Laurens Wachsmuth, Apostolos Polykratis, Manolis Pasparakis
Receptor-interacting protein kinase 1 (RIPK1) regulates cell death and inflammation through kinase-dependent and -independent functions. RIPK1 kinase activity induces caspase-8-dependent apoptosis and RIPK3 and mixed lineage kinase like (MLKL)-dependent necroptosis. In addition, RIPK1 inhibits apoptosis and necroptosis through kinase-independent functions, which are important for late embryonic development and the prevention of inflammation in epithelial barriers. The mechanism by which RIPK1 counteracts RIPK3-MLKL-mediated necroptosis has remained unknown...
December 1, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795609/from-surfactant-to-cellulose-and-dna-self-assembly-a-50-year-journey
#13
REVIEW
Björn Lindman
Surfactants have been the basis for applications in several industrial sectors for a long time. However, fundamental research was 50 years ago still limited to a small number of academic groups and even basic aspects were controversial. The field has since undergone an enormous expansion and the improved understanding has laid the basis of numerous new products as well as been the basis of important parts of nano-science and -technology.The present author has during 50 years in academia devoted most of his research to amphiphilic compounds, including both surfactants and polymers...
2016: Colloid and Polymer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774298/a-novel-astrovirus-like-rna-virus-detected-in-human-stool
#14
Bas B Oude Munnink, Matthew Cotten, Marta Canuti, Martin Deijs, Maarten F Jebbink, Formijn J van Hemert, My V T Phan, Margreet Bakker, Seyed Mohammad Jazaeri Farsani, Paul Kellam, Lia van der Hoek
Several novel clades of astroviruses have recently been identified in human faecal samples. Here, we describe a novel astrovirus-like RNA virus detected in human stools, which we have tentatively named bastrovirus. The genome of this novel virus consists of 6,300 nucleotides organized in three open reading frames. Several sequence divergent strains were detected sharing 67-93 per cent nucleotide identity. Bastrovirus encodes a putative structural protein that is homologous to the capsid protein found in members of the Astroviridae family (45% amino acid identity)...
January 2016: Virus Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723437/what-happened-when-i-invited-students-to-see-me-a-black-queer-professor-s-reflections-on-practicing-embodied-vulnerability-in-the-classroom
#15
Dominique C Hill
What are the hesitations, dangers, and potentialities to inviting students to peruse my body? What possibilities arise from centering and leading with the body in the teaching/learning process? What risks and possibilities does this enactment pose to a Black lesbian educator? This auto/ethnography journeys through and reflects upon my experience enacting what I have coined "embodied vulnerability" as a pedagogical practice. Within this essay, I explore the interrelationship of race, gender, and embodiment (or, the performance of self)...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673707/imitations-and-transformations-on-side-effects-of-the-adhd-epidemic
#16
Bjarke Nielsen
The ADHD epidemic has been the subject of much scrutiny, especially in relation to the medicalization of children, and, to a lesser degree, to the use of Ritalin as a performance enhancer or party drug (e.g. Keane 2008; Whitaker 2010; Bowden 2013). In this article, my focus is on non-investigated side-effects of this epidemic, namely the use of (prescription) Ritalin among heavy drug users. Based on fieldwork conducted in one of the largest cities in Denmark, in this article I trace the spread of intravenous use of Ritalin, and examine how different ways of ingesting Ritalin transform the drug itself, and, with this, transform treatment practices, parts of the drug scene, and the bodies of users...
September 27, 2016: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633446/brokenheartedness-and-accountability
#17
Ann Russo
In this article, I reflect on relationship and movement building across power lines that I have experienced or witnessed in and outside of academia. I argue that the "anesthetic aesthetic" of whiteness, as illuminated by Mab Segrest, compels those like myself who are trained to be white to distance ourselves from the pain and suffering of others (as well as our own) in order to accept and assimilate into the hegemonic normative systems of power. I offer stories from my experience of feminist and queer organizing that demonstrate how this distancing looks and feels, and places of where it might be transformed...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616775/pgd-a-pangolin-genome-hub-for-the-research-community
#18
Tze King Tan, Ka Yun Tan, Ranjeev Hari, Aini Mohamed Yusoff, Guat Jah Wong, Cheuk Chuen Siow, Naresh V R Mutha, Mike Rayko, Aleksey Komissarov, Pavel Dobrynin, Ksenia Krasheninnikova, Gaik Tamazian, Ian C Paterson, Wesley C Warren, Warren E Johnson, Stephen J O'Brien, Siew Woh Choo
Pangolins (order Pholidota) are the only mammals covered by scales. We have recently sequenced and analyzed the genomes of two critically endangered Asian pangolin species, namely the Malayan pangolin (Manis javanica) and the Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla). These complete genome sequences will serve as reference sequences for future research to address issues of species conservation and to advance knowledge in mammalian biology and evolution. To further facilitate the global research effort in pangolin biology, we developed the Pangolin Genome Database (PGD), as a future hub for hosting pangolin genomic and transcriptomic data and annotations, and with useful analysis tools for the research community...
2016: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600530/fern-rhizomes-as-fodder-in-norway
#19
Torbjørn Alm
BACKGROUND: Although ferns are often known under collective names in Norway, e.g. blom, a substantial number of vernacular names for individual fern species are known, in particular for useful or poisonous taxa. In the past, the rhizomes (Norwegian: moldfôr) of selected species were collected for fodder. Only scattered records of such use are available from southern Norway, and the tradition's core area is found in the two North Norwegian counties of Nordland and Troms, in accordance with the longer winters encountered in the north, frequently leading to fodder shortage in early spring...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585459/federal-public-health-service-in-retrospect-and-prospects
#20
Lloyd J Kolbe
In this article, I offer a retrospective case study about my early, short-term work within the U.S. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health and then my later, longer-term work within the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, where I endeavored for two decades largely to help our nation's schools improve health and associated education outcomes. First, for context, I briefly portray the nature of our related political and public health systems. I then frame this retrospective by illustrating how my serial employment within other public health system organizations led to, and then resulted from, my work within these two federal public health agencies...
October 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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