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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891342/towards-a-critical-health-equity-research-stance-why-epistemology-and-methodology-matter-more-than-qualitative-methods
#1
Lisa Bowleg
Qualitative methods are not intrinsically progressive. Methods are simply tools to conduct research. Epistemology, the justification of knowledge, shapes methodology and methods, and thus is a vital starting point for a critical health equity research stance, regardless of whether the methods are qualitative, quantitative, or mixed. In line with this premise, I address four themes in this commentary. First, I criticize the ubiquitous and uncritical use of the term health disparities in U.S. public health. Next, I advocate for the increased use of qualitative methodologies-namely, photovoice and critical ethnography-that, pursuant to critical approaches, prioritize dismantling social-structural inequities as a prerequisite to health equity...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886750/evidence-based-gene-models-for-structural-and-functional-annotations-of-the-oil-palm-genome
#2
Kuang-Lim Chan, Tatiana V Tatarinova, Rozana Rosli, Nadzirah Amiruddin, Norazah Azizi, Mohd Amin Ab Halim, Nik Shazana Nik Mohd Sanusi, Nagappan Jayanthi, Petr Ponomarenko, Martin Triska, Victor Solovyev, Mohd Firdaus-Raih, Ravigadevi Sambanthamurthi, Denis Murphy, Eng-Ti Leslie Low
BACKGROUND: Oil palm is an important source of edible oil. The importance of the crop, as well as its long breeding cycle (10-12 years) has led to the sequencing of its genome in 2013 to pave the way for genomics-guided breeding. Nevertheless, the first set of gene predictions, although useful, had many fragmented genes. Classification and characterization of genes associated with traits of interest, such as those for fatty acid biosynthesis and disease resistance, were also limited...
September 8, 2017: Biology Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862142/cancer-screening-for-older-people-to-screen-or-not-to-screen
#3
REVIEW
C Ky Lai, A Igarashi, N My Lau, C Tk Yu
In this scoping review, the evidence of the benefits of screening older people for the five most common types of cancer in Hong Kong, namely colorectal, lung, breast, liver, and prostate cancers, will be discussed. Although cancer treatments can be extensive and a good prognosis is less likely if cancer is diagnosed at a late stage, screening programmes for older people in primary care remain a matter of contention. The general recommendation for the screening of older people is to adopt an individualised approach that takes account of not only age but also co-morbidity, life expectancy, harms and benefits, and patient's preference...
September 1, 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839923/why-developmental-niche-construction-is-not-selective-niche-construction-and-why-it-matters
#4
Karola Stotz
In the last decade, niche construction has been heralded as the neglected process in evolution. But niche construction is just one way in which the organism's interaction with and construction of the environment can have potential evolutionary significance. The constructed environment does not just select for, it also produces new variation. Nearly 3 decades ago, and in parallel with Odling-Smee's article 'Niche-constructing phenotypes', West and King introduced the 'ontogenetic niche' to give the phenomena of exogenetic inheritance a formal name...
October 6, 2017: Interface Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776482/procrastination-as-a-self-regulation-failure-the-role-of-impulsivity-and-intrusive-thoughts
#5
Marie My Lien Rebetez, Lucien Rochat, Catherine Barsics, Martial Van der Linden
Procrastination has been described as the quintessence of self-regulatory failure. This study examines the relationships between this self-regulatory failure and other manifestations of self-regulation problems, namely impulsivity and intrusive thoughts. One hundred and forty-one participants completed questionnaires assessing procrastination, impulsivity (in particular, the urgency and lack of perseverance dimensions), and intrusive thoughts (i.e., rumination and daydreaming). Main results show that urgency mediated the association between rumination and procrastination, whereas rumination did not mediate the relation between urgency and procrastination...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766419/mental-health-nurse-helps-me-feel-empowered-and-independent
#6
(no author information available yet)
Nadine and I met during my first admission to the psychiatric ward at Dr Gray's Hospital, Elgin, Moray, in 2003. She was my named nurse at the time, and has been my community mental health nurse for the past three years.
August 2, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736014/efficacy-and-safety-of-generic-mycophenolate-mofetil-my-rept-500-milligram-tablets-in-primary-liver-transplant-recipients
#7
S K Hong, K-W Lee, K C Yoon, H-S Kim, H Kim, N-J Yi, K-S Suh
BACKGROUND: Generic immunosuppressants may be cost-effective if clinical outcomes are equivalent to the brand-name medications. Mycophenolate mofetil in the form of My-rept may be cost-effective being a generic immunosuppressant, which is available as a 500-mg tablet as well as a 250-mg capsule (Chong Kun Dang Pharmaceutical Corporation, Seoul, Korea). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy, safety, cost-effectiveness, and convenience of My-rept 500-mg tablets in liver transplant recipients...
July 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609963/validation-of-the-replacement-name-i-eusceliotes-i-stebbing-1888-for-the-pelagic-hyperiidean-amphipod-genus-i-euscelus-i-claus-1879-crustacea-amphipoda-hyperiidea-parascelidae-preoccupied-by-i-euscelus-i-schoenherr-1833-insecta-coleoptera-attelabidae
#8
Wolfgang Zeidler
The generic name Euscelus was originally proposed by Schoenherr (1833: 205) for a genus of Leaf Rolling weevils (Insecta: Coleoptera: Attelabidae). It is a valid name, in current use, for a relatively large genus of weevils, widespread in northern South America and central America, including the West Indies and the Caribbean (e.g. Hamilton 2007; Legalov 2007). Euscelus Claus, 1879 was established as a monotypic genus of pelagic amphipod (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Hyperiidea: Parascelidae). It is a very rare genus, still monotypic, with the only species, E...
April 18, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566662/practical-management-of-deep-cutaneous-fungal-infections
#9
Tomotaka Sato
Understanding deep cutaneous fungal infection requires not only reading many case reports and checking the typical clinical images of skin lesions, but also managing the patients properly to prevent misdiagnosis. Herein, I review my recent experiences with eight typical cases of deep cutaneous infections (including protothecosis and nocardiosis) in Japan. It is very important to do the four management processes; namely, KOH direct microscopic examination, skin biopsy, fungal culture, and microscopic examination of the histopathological specimen of PAS and Grocott staining...
2017: Medical Mycology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543653/ripples-what-to-expect-when-you-serve-on-a-bioethics-commission
#10
Thomas H Murray
Cloning was the issue that put the National Bioethics Advisory Commission on the map, but the first clue that NBAC would address cloning was a terse fax from the White House to each of us who served on the Commission. The fax noted that with the birth of the sheep named Dolly, mammalian cloning was now a reality, and it tasked NBAC with providing advice on the ethics of human cloning and how the nation should respond to it. We were given ninety days to report our findings. That's a very tight deadline for a report written by a committee, but we met it, and along the way, I learned important lessons...
May 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530422/the-new-history-of-psychology-ii-some-different-answers-to-watrin-s-four-questions
#11
Adrian C Brock
This article is mainly a response to the article by João Paulo Watrin, "The Ambiguous 'New History of Psychology': Some New Questions to Brock (2017)" (Watrin, 2017), which was itself a reply to my article, "The New History of Psychology: Some (Different) Answers to Lovett's Five Questions" (Brock, 2017). Watrin (2017) suggested that previous writers have conflated the terms "critical history" and "new history." They are said to differ, in that although the former is merely a name for a loose collection of approaches to the history of psychology, the latter involves rhetoric about the historiographical commitments of critical history...
May 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529304/sebastian-kneipp-and-the-natural-cure-movement-of-germany-between-naturalism-and-modern-medicine
#12
Youkyung Ko
This study discusses the historical significance of the Natural Cure Movement of Germany, centering on the Kneipp Cure, a form of hydrotherapy practiced by Father Sebastian Kneipp (1821-1897). The Kneipp Cure rested on five main tenets: hydrotherapy, exercise, nutrition, herbalism, and the balance of mind and body. This study illuminates the reception of the Kneipp Cure in the context of the trilateral relationship among the Kneipp Cure, the Natural Cure Movement in general, and modern medicine. The Natural Cure Movement was ideologically based on naturalism, criticizing industrialization and urbanization...
December 2016: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506430/george-e-palade-memorial-lecture-my-life-in-pancreatic-research-unexpected-results-may-open-the-door
#13
REVIEW
Makoto Otsuki
The Palade Prize is the most distinguished award of the IAP for achievement in pancreatic research. It is named after George E. Palade, who in 1974 was awarded the Nobel Prize for his work on protein trafficking in pancreatic acinar cells. It is a great honor to be awarded the 2016 Palade Prize. While I was in graduate school, I was conducting research on hypothalamo-pituitary-thyroid axis; after finishing graduate school, I began research on amylase isoenzymes. This was the first step of my pancreatic research...
July 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473399/complete-genome-sequences-of-porcine-deltacoronavirus-strains-dh1-2016-and-dh2-2016-isolated-in-south-korea
#14
Hee-Chun Chung, Van Giap Nguyen, Woo-Taek Oh, Huynh Thi My Le, Hyung-Joon Moon, Jee-Hoon Lee, Hye-Kwon Kim, Seong-Jun Park, Bong Kyun Park
Two porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) strains, named DH1/2016 and DH2/2016, were isolated from feces of piglets which had severe watery diarrhea symptoms. A comparison of the complete genome sequences suggested that the DH1/2016 and DH2/2016 strains are highly homologous to each other and to PDCoVs isolated in early 2014 from the United States.
May 4, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431159/likelihood-of-tree-topologies-with-fossils-and-diversification-rate-estimation
#15
Gilles Didier, Marine Fau, Michel Laurin
Since the diversification process cannot be directly observed at the human scale, it has to be studied from the information available, namely the extant taxa and the fossil record. In this sense, phylogenetic trees including both extant taxa and fossils are the most complete representations of the diversification process that one can get. Such phylogenetic trees can be reconstructed from molecular and morphological data, to some extent. Among the temporal information of such phylogenetic trees, fossil ages are by far the most precisely known (divergence times are inferences calibrated mostly with fossils)...
April 18, 2017: Systematic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378405/-i-m-still-here-exploring-what-matters-to-people-with-intellectual-disability-during-advance-care-planning
#16
Nicola McKenzie, Brigit Mirfin-Veitch, Jennifer Conder, Sharon Brandford
BACKGROUND: This study sought to identify, from the perspective of people with intellectual disabilities and life limiting conditions, the factors that strengthened and inhibited their Advance Care Planning. METHODS: This in depth qualitative study explored the experiences of four people with intellectual disability and life limiting conditions, through interviews and documentation reviews. RESULTS: There was strong agreement across all participants about what positively influenced Advance Care Planning, namely; going at my pace; supporting me to make my own choices; adapting the process to suit me, and, most importantly; continuing to support and plan the life I'm still living...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336876/recent-advances-in-research-on-the-synthetic-fiber-based-silica-aerogel-nanocomposites
#17
REVIEW
Agnieszka Ślosarczyk
The presented paper contains a brief review on the synthesis and characterization of silica aerogels and its nanocomposites with nanofibers and fibers based on a literature study over the past twenty years and my own research. Particular attention is focused on carbon fiber-based silica aerogel nanocomposites. Silica aerogel is brittle in nature, therefore, it is necessary to improve this drawback, e.g., by polymer modification or fiber additives. Nevertheless, there are very few articles in the literature devoted to the synthesis of silica aerogel/fiber nanocomposites, especially those focusing on carbon fibers and nanofibers...
February 16, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334954/the-science-and-politics-of-naming-reforming-anatomical-nomenclature-ca-1886-1955
#18
Tatjana Buklijas
Anatomical nomenclature is medicine's official language. Early in their medical studies, students are expected to memorize not only the bodily geography but also the names for all the structures that, by consensus, constitute the anatomical body. The making and uses of visual maps of the body have received considerable historiographical attention, yet the history of production, communication, and reception of anatomical names-a history as long as the history of anatomy itself-has been studied far less. My essay examines the reforms of anatomical naming between the first modern nomenclature, the 1895 Basel Nomina Anatomica (BNA), and the 1955 Nomina Anatomica Parisiensia (NAP, also known as PNA), which is the basis for current anatomical terminology...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263773/discovery-of-specialized-pro-resolving-mediators-marks-the-dawn-of-resolution-physiology-and-pharmacology
#19
REVIEW
Charles N Serhan
It is with great pleasure that I write this foreword and introduction to this Special Issue dedicated to the protective actions of the pro-resolving mediators and edited by my colleague Dr. Jesmond Dalli. Many of my collaborators and colleagues that helped to uncover the actions and clinical potential of the resolvins and other specialized proresolving mediators (SPM), namely, the superfamily of pro-resolving mediators that includes the resolvin (E-series, D-series and DPA-derived), protectin and maresin families, as well as the arachidonic acid-derived lipoxins, join me in this special issue...
March 3, 2017: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187649/variation-of-plumage-patterns-geographic-distribution-and-taxonomy-of-the-unicolored-blackbird-aves-icteridae
#20
Leonardo Esteves Lopes
The Unicolored Blackbird Agelasticus cyanopus (Vieillot, 1819) is a marsh bird with four allopatric subspecies restricted to lowlands in South America east of the Andes. I conducted a taxonomic revision of the species based on analysis of external morphological characters of 288 study skins, including all types available. My revision shows that: 1) Leistes unicolor Swainson, 1838, is a senior synonym of A. c. xenicus (Parkes, 1966) and, therefore, the correct name of the taxon should be A. c. unicolor (Swainson, 1838); 2) the range of A...
January 19, 2017: Zootaxa
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