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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760032/white-privilege-in-a-white-coat-how-racism-shaped-my-medical-education
#1
Max J Romano
In this essay, I reflect on some of the ways racial privilege influenced my experience as a white physician in training. While white Americans often think of "racism" as a social construct primarily affecting people of color, "racism" is a system of both racial disadvantage as well as reciprocal racial advantage. Medical professionals are increasingly aware of how social determinants of health lead to important health disparities, however white physicians seldom ask how their own racial privilege reinforces a white supremacist culture and what effects this may have on our patients' health...
May 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750347/-who-is-my-jung-the-progressive-though-sometimes-ambivalent-expansion-of-jung-s-idea-of-the-collective-unconscious-from-an-unconscious-humanity-to-in-all-but-name-the-soul-of-the-world
#2
Jules Cashford
This paper discusses Jung's idea of myth as a projection of the collective unconscious, suggesting that the term 'projection' separates human beings from nature, withdrawing nature's life into humanity. Jung's discovery of a realm independent of consciousness - in conversations with his soul in The Red Book, and in synchronicity, began a dialogue which finally brought him, through the Alchemical Mercurius, closer to the idea of a world-soul.
June 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740369/am-i-self-conscious-or-does-self-organization-entail-self-consciousness
#3
Karl Friston
Is self-consciousness necessary for consciousness? The answer is yes. So there you have it-the answer is yes. This was my response to a question I was asked to address in a recent AEON piece (https://aeon.co/essays/consciousness-is-not-a-thing-but-a-process-of-inference). What follows is based upon the notes for that essay, with a special focus on self-organization, self-evidencing and self-modeling. I will try to substantiate my (polemic) answer from the perspective of a physicist. In brief, the argument goes as follows: if we want to talk about creatures, like ourselves, then we have to identify the characteristic behaviors they must exhibit...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738616/commentary-2018-stroke-guidelines
#4
Andrew D Perron
I read with interest (and some degree of disappointment) the new 2018 Stroke Guidelines published in January of this year that are labeled prominently "Endorsed by SAEM".1 To be clear, my disappointment has nothing to do with the use of tPA in acute ischemic stroke (I am happy to let others lead that charge). I am an admitted agnostic when it comes to the use of tPA (it helps some, it harms others, and we need to be really smart in its use to maximize the former and minimize the latter). Rather, it was notable to me that while the new guidelines touch a large number of specialties (Internal Medicine, Pharmacy, Nutrition, Rehabilitation, Radiology, Neurology, and Interventionalists to name a few), only one specialty merited a new Level 1A recommendation for targeted education This article is protected by copyright...
May 8, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720079/phylogeography-of-aegean-green-toads-bufo-viridis-subgroup-continental-hybrid-swarm-vs-insular-diversification-with-discovery-of-a-new-island-endemic
#5
Christophe Dufresnes, Petros Lymberakis, Panagiotis Kornilios, Romain Savary, Nicolas Perrin, Matthias Stöck
BACKGROUND: Debated aspects in speciation research concern the amount of gene flow between incipient species under secondary contact and the modes by which post-zygotic isolation accumulates. Secondary contact zones of allopatric lineages, involving varying levels of divergence, provide natural settings for comparative studies, for which the Aegean (Eastern Mediterranean) geography offers unique scenarios. In Palearctic green toads (Bufo viridis subgroup or Bufotes), Plio-Pleistocene (~ 2...
May 2, 2018: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611795/-hello-my-name-is%C3%A2
#6
Karen McCutcheon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609547/health-professional-perceptions-regarding-screening-tools-for-developmental-surveillance-for-children-in-a-multicultural-part-of-sydney-australia
#7
Pankaj Garg, My Trinh Ha, John Eastwood, Susan Harvey, Sue Woolfenden, Elisabeth Murphy, Cheryl Dissanayake, Katrina Williams, Bin Jalaludin, Anne McKenzie, Stewart Einfeld, Natalie Silove, Kate Short, Valsamma Eapen
BACKGROUND: Encouraging early child development and the early identification of developmental difficulties is a priority. The Ministry of Health in the Australian State of New South Wales (NSW), has recommended a program of developmental surveillance using validated screening questionnaires, namely, the Parents' Evaluation of Development Status (PEDS) and Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQs), however, the use of these tools has remained sub-optimal. A longitudinal prospective birth cohort "Watch Me grow" study was carried out in the South Western Sydney (SW) region of NSW to ascertain the uptake as well as the strategies and the resources required to maximise engagement in the surveillance program...
April 2, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593521/hierarchical-spatial-concept-formation-based-on-multimodal-information-for-human-support-robots
#8
Yoshinobu Hagiwara, Masakazu Inoue, Hiroyoshi Kobayashi, Tadahiro Taniguchi
In this paper, we propose a hierarchical spatial concept formation method based on the Bayesian generative model with multimodal information e.g., vision, position and word information. Since humans have the ability to select an appropriate level of abstraction according to the situation and describe their position linguistically, e.g., "I am in my home" and "I am in front of the table," a hierarchical structure of spatial concepts is necessary in order for human support robots to communicate smoothly with users...
2018: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552207/-ex-vivo-expansion-of-human-peripheral-blood-natural-killer-cells-and-cytotoxic-t-lymphocytes-from-lung-cancer-patients
#9
Hoang Thi My Nhung, Bui Viet Anh, Truong Linh Huyen, Doan Trung Hiep, Chu Thi Thao, Phung Nam Lam, Nguyen Thanh Liem
Lung cancer is the most common type of cancer with the highest cancer-associated mortality rates worldwide, as well as in Vietnam. Numerous studies have demonstrated that higher numbers and higher rate of activity of infiltrating natural killer (NK) cells and cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) in the tumor are closely correlated with positive prognosis, tumor size decrease and longer survival of lung cancer patients. In the present study, the effectiveness of BINKIT® kit in the ex vivo expansion of NK cells and CTLs in the peripheral blood of 7 patients aged between 30 and 84 years with metastatic lung cancer was evaluated...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518626/explaining-the-felt-location-of-bodily-sensations-through-body-representations
#10
REVIEW
Luis Alejandro Murillo Lara
Why are bodily sensations felt on specific body parts? This paper discusses the view according to which we need body representations to account for the felt location of bodily sensations. My aim will be to consider whether or not some claims linked with that view are substantiated (namely, that all of our grasp of the spatiality of our bodies must come from bodily sensations, that the representation of the body can determine bodily sensations surmounting sensory input, that the content of body representations cannot be action-oriented)...
April 2018: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457244/the-different-moral-bases-of-patient-and-surrogate-decision-making
#11
Daniel Brudney
My topic is a problem with our practice of surrogate decision-making in health care, namely, the problem of the surrogate who is not doing her job-the surrogate who cannot be reached or the surrogate who seems to refuse to understand or to be unable to understand the clinical situation. The analysis raises a question about the surrogate who simply disagrees with the medical team. One might think that such a surrogate is doing her job-the team just doesn't like how she is doing it. My analysis raises the question of whether (or perhaps when) she should be overridden...
January 2018: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438876/off-the-top-of-my-head-malleability-and-stability-in-natural-categories
#12
Tomás A Palma, Ana Sofia Santos, Leonel Garcia-Marques
Previous research has found that category representations are highly malleable knowledge structures, varying widely across different contexts and individuals. However, it has also been found that such malleability does not apply equally to all types of category information. The present research further investigates the representational malleability versus stability of natural taxonomic categories. Using perceptual fluency as means to induce malleability, we explored whether malleability is moderated by the degree of typicality of category information...
April 2018: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387146/what-are-good-outcomes-for-adolescents-in-public-mental-health-settings
#13
Kristina O Lavik, Marius Veseth, Helga Frøysa, Per-Einar Binder, Christian Moltu
Background: In line with the evidence-based paradigm, routine outcome monitoring and clinical feedback systems are now being recommended and implemented in youth mental health services. However, what constitutes a good outcome for young service users is not fully understood. In order to successfully monitor outcomes that are clinically and personally relevant for the service user that are to benefit from these systems, we need to gain more knowledge of what young service users value as meaningful outcomes of youth mental health services...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370813/a-randomized-matched-pairs-study-of-feasibility-acceptability-and-effectiveness-of-systems-consultation-a-novel-implementation-strategy-for-adopting-clinical-guidelines-for-opioid-prescribing-in-primary-care
#14
Andrew Quanbeck, Randall T Brown, Aleksandra E Zgierska, Nora Jacobson, James M Robinson, Roberta A Johnson, Brienna M Deyo, Lynn Madden, Wen-Jan Tuan, Esra Alagoz
BACKGROUND: This paper reports on the feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of an innovative implementation strategy named "systems consultation" aimed at improving adherence to clinical guidelines for opioid prescribing in primary care. While clinical guidelines for opioid prescribing have been developed, they have not been widely implemented, even as opioid abuse reaches epidemic levels. METHODS: We tested a blended implementation strategy consisting of several discrete implementation strategies, including audit and feedback, academic detailing, and external facilitation...
January 25, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332246/an-historical-perspective-of-the-discovery-of-titin-filaments-part-2
#15
REVIEW
Cristobal G Dos Remedios
In 2017, a Special Issue of Biophysical Reviews was devoted to "Titin and Its Binding Partners. The issue contained a review: "An historical perspective of the discovery of titin filaments" by dos Remedios and Gilmour that was intended to be a history of the discovery of the giant protein titin, previously named connectin. The review took readers back to the earliest discovery of the so-called third filament component of skeletal and cardiac muscle sarcomeres and ended in 1969. Recently, my colleague Shin'ichi Ishiwata gently reminded me of two papers published in 1990 and 1993 that were unwittingly omitted from the original historical perspective...
January 13, 2018: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280271/nursing-as-concrete-philosophy-part-i-risjord-on-nursing-knowledge
#16
Kyriakos Theodoridis
This essay addresses the problem of the essentiality of nursing knowledge and what kind of theory, if any, is essential to nursing practice. The overarching aim of the essay was to argue for the thesis that nursing may be described as a kind of philosophical activity, and, consequently, that philosophy is the kind of "theory" that is essential to nursing practice and to the nursing discipline at large. The essay consists of two papers. The present paper, Part I, is a critical examination of Mark Risjord's discussion of the problem of the theory-practice gap in his Nursing Knowledge: Practice, Science, Philosophy, from 2010...
April 2018: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258480/end-of-life-care-preferences-among-people-of-advanced-age-lilacs-nz
#17
Merryn Gott, Rosemary Frey, Janine Wiles, Anna Rolleston, Ruth Teh, Tess Moeke-Maxwell, Ngaire Kerse
BACKGROUND: Understanding end of life preferences amongst the oldest old is crucial to informing appropriate palliative and end of life care internationally. However, little has been reported in the academic literature about the end of life preferences of people in advanced age, particularly the preferences of indigenous older people, including New Zealand Māori. METHODS: Data on end of life preferences were gathered from 147 Māori (aged >80 years) and 291 non- Māori aged (>85 years), during three waves of Te Puawaitangi O Nga Tapuwae Kia Ora Tonu, Life and Living in Advanced Age (LiLACs NZ)...
December 19, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191224/i-knew-how-it-feels-but-couldn-t-save-my-daughter-testimony-of-an-ethiopian-mother-on-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#18
Yohannes Mehretie Adinew, Beza Tamirat Mekete
BACKGROUND: World Health Organization defines female genital mutilation/cutting as all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. The practice is common in Ethiopia, especially among Somali (99%) ethnic groups. Even though FGM/C is labeled illegal practice according to the revised 2005 Penal Code of the country, the practice is still responsible for misery of many girls in Ethiopia...
December 1, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162694/an-endogenous-retroviral-envelope-syncytin-and-its-cognate-receptor-identified-in-the-viviparous-placental-mabuya-lizard
#19
Guillaume Cornelis, Mathis Funk, Cécile Vernochet, Francisca Leal, Oscar Alejandro Tarazona, Guillaume Meurice, Odile Heidmann, Anne Dupressoir, Aurélien Miralles, Martha Patricia Ramirez-Pinilla, Thierry Heidmann
Syncytins are envelope genes from endogenous retroviruses that have been captured during evolution for a function in placentation. They have been found in all placental mammals in which they have been searched, including marsupials. Placental structures are not restricted to mammals but also emerged in some other vertebrates, most frequently in lizards, such as the viviparous Mabuya Scincidae. Here, we performed high-throughput RNA sequencing of a Mabuya placenta transcriptome and screened for the presence of retroviral env genes with a full-length ORF...
December 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149581/family-matters-measuring-impact-through-one-s-academic-descendants
#20
Elizabeth J Marsh
Scientific contributions take many forms, not all of which result in fame or are captured in traditional metrics of success (e.g., h factor). My focus is on one of the most lasting and important contributions a scientist can make: training scientists who go on to train scientists, who in turn train more scientists, etc. Academic genealogies provide many examples of scientists whose names might not be recognizable today but who trained psychologists that went on to publish very influential work. Of course success results from a combination of many factors (including but not limited to the student's abilities and motivation, luck, institutional resources, mentoring, etc...
November 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
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