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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875121/nikola-tesla-why-was-he-so-much-resisted-and-forgotten-retrospectroscope
#1
Max E Valentinuzzi, Martin Hill Ortiz, Daniel Cervantes, Ron S Leder
Recently, during the Christmas season, a friend of mine visited me and, sneaking a look at my bookshelves, found two rather old Nikola Tesla biographies, which I had used to prepare a "Retrospectroscope" column for the then-named IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine when our dear friend Alvin Wald was its editor-inchief [2]. Eighteen years have elapsed since then; soon, the idea came up of revamping the article. Cynthia Weber, the magazine's current associate editor, considered it acceptable, and here is the new note divided in two parts: that is, a slightly revised version of the original article followed by new material, including some quite interesting information regarding Tesla's homes and laboratories...
November 2016: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870083/being-right-isn-t-always-enough-nfl-culture-and-team-physicians-conflict-of-interest
#2
Ross McKinney
The job of being a sports team physician is difficult, regardless of the level, from high school to the National Football League. When a sports league receives the intensity of attention leveled at the NFL, though, a difficult occupation becomes even more challenging. Even for the NFL players themselves, players' best interests regarding health issues are often unclear. Football players are, as a lot, highly competitive individuals. They want to win, and they want to help the team win. It's a warrior culture, and respect is earned by playing hurt...
November 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857267/online-registries-for-researchers-using-orcid-and-sciencv
#3
Mark Vrabel
The Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID) registry helps resolve name ambiguity by assigning persistent unique identifiers that automatically link to a researcher's publications, grants, and other activities. This article provides an overview of ORCID and its benefits, citing several examples of its use in cancer and nursing journals. The article also briefly describes My NCBI and the Science Experts Network Curriculum Vitae (SciENcv) and its connection to ORCID.
December 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833177/dignity-reevaluated-a-theological-examination-of-human-dignity-and-the-role-of-the-church-in-bioethics-and-end-of-life-care
#4
Quentin I T Genuis
Predominant among the terminological ambiguities that plague contemporary bioethics is confusion attending the meaning of the term "human dignity," particularly as it applies to so-called end-of-life discussions. This study surveys current trends in treatment of the concept of dignity, examining relevant thinkers who see dignity as redundant or as capability-dependent. These inadequate views are contrasted with an attitude, based theologically in Mark 5, that understands human dignity to represent an absolute characteristic that is donated graciously to all bearers of imago Dei...
February 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819681/ripk1-counteracts-zbp1-mediated-necroptosis-to-inhibit-inflammation
#5
Juan Lin, Snehlata Kumari, Chun Kim, Trieu-My Van, Laurens Wachsmuth, Apostolos Polykratis, Manolis Pasparakis
Receptor-interacting protein kinase 1 (RIPK1) regulates cell death and inflammation through kinase-dependent and -independent functions. RIPK1 kinase activity induces caspase-8-dependent apoptosis and RIPK3 and mixed lineage kinase like (MLKL)-dependent necroptosis. In addition, RIPK1 inhibits apoptosis and necroptosis through kinase-independent functions, which are important for late embryonic development and the prevention of inflammation in epithelial barriers. The mechanism by which RIPK1 counteracts RIPK3-MLKL-mediated necroptosis has remained unknown...
December 1, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795609/from-surfactant-to-cellulose-and-dna-self-assembly-a-50-year-journey
#6
REVIEW
Björn Lindman
Surfactants have been the basis for applications in several industrial sectors for a long time. However, fundamental research was 50 years ago still limited to a small number of academic groups and even basic aspects were controversial. The field has since undergone an enormous expansion and the improved understanding has laid the basis of numerous new products as well as been the basis of important parts of nano-science and -technology.The present author has during 50 years in academia devoted most of his research to amphiphilic compounds, including both surfactants and polymers...
2016: Colloid and Polymer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774298/a-novel-astrovirus-like-rna-virus-detected-in-human-stool
#7
Bas B Oude Munnink, Matthew Cotten, Marta Canuti, Martin Deijs, Maarten F Jebbink, Formijn J van Hemert, My V T Phan, Margreet Bakker, Seyed Mohammad Jazaeri Farsani, Paul Kellam, Lia van der Hoek
Several novel clades of astroviruses have recently been identified in human faecal samples. Here, we describe a novel astrovirus-like RNA virus detected in human stools, which we have tentatively named bastrovirus. The genome of this novel virus consists of 6,300 nucleotides organized in three open reading frames. Several sequence divergent strains were detected sharing 67-93 per cent nucleotide identity. Bastrovirus encodes a putative structural protein that is homologous to the capsid protein found in members of the Astroviridae family (45% amino acid identity)...
January 2016: Virus Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723437/what-happened-when-i-invited-students-to-see-me-a-black-queer-professor-s-reflections-on-practicing-embodied-vulnerability-in-the-classroom
#8
Dominique C Hill
What are the hesitations, dangers, and potentialities to inviting students to peruse my body? What possibilities arise from centering and leading with the body in the teaching/learning process? What risks and possibilities does this enactment pose to a Black lesbian educator? This auto/ethnography journeys through and reflects upon my experience enacting what I have coined "embodied vulnerability" as a pedagogical practice. Within this essay, I explore the interrelationship of race, gender, and embodiment (or, the performance of self)...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673707/imitations-and-transformations-on-side-effects-of-the-adhd-epidemic
#9
Bjarke Nielsen
The ADHD epidemic has been the subject of much scrutiny, especially in relation to the medicalization of children, and, to a lesser degree, to the use of Ritalin as a performance enhancer or party drug (e.g. Keane 2008; Whitaker 2010; Bowden 2013). In this article, my focus is on non-investigated side-effects of this epidemic, namely the use of (prescription) Ritalin among heavy drug users. Based on fieldwork conducted in one of the largest cities in Denmark, in this article I trace the spread of intravenous use of Ritalin, and examine how different ways of ingesting Ritalin transform the drug itself, and, with this, transform treatment practices, parts of the drug scene, and the bodies of users...
September 27, 2016: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633446/brokenheartedness-and-accountability
#10
Ann Russo
In this article, I reflect on relationship and movement building across power lines that I have experienced or witnessed in and outside of academia. I argue that the "anesthetic aesthetic" of whiteness, as illuminated by Mab Segrest, compels those like myself who are trained to be white to distance ourselves from the pain and suffering of others (as well as our own) in order to accept and assimilate into the hegemonic normative systems of power. I offer stories from my experience of feminist and queer organizing that demonstrate how this distancing looks and feels, and places of where it might be transformed...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616775/pgd-a-pangolin-genome-hub-for-the-research-community
#11
Tze King Tan, Ka Yun Tan, Ranjeev Hari, Aini Mohamed Yusoff, Guat Jah Wong, Cheuk Chuen Siow, Naresh V R Mutha, Mike Rayko, Aleksey Komissarov, Pavel Dobrynin, Ksenia Krasheninnikova, Gaik Tamazian, Ian C Paterson, Wesley C Warren, Warren E Johnson, Stephen J O'Brien, Siew Woh Choo
Pangolins (order Pholidota) are the only mammals covered by scales. We have recently sequenced and analyzed the genomes of two critically endangered Asian pangolin species, namely the Malayan pangolin (Manis javanica) and the Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla). These complete genome sequences will serve as reference sequences for future research to address issues of species conservation and to advance knowledge in mammalian biology and evolution. To further facilitate the global research effort in pangolin biology, we developed the Pangolin Genome Database (PGD), as a future hub for hosting pangolin genomic and transcriptomic data and annotations, and with useful analysis tools for the research community...
2016: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600530/fern-rhizomes-as-fodder-in-norway
#12
Torbjørn Alm
BACKGROUND: Although ferns are often known under collective names in Norway, e.g. blom, a substantial number of vernacular names for individual fern species are known, in particular for useful or poisonous taxa. In the past, the rhizomes (Norwegian: moldfôr) of selected species were collected for fodder. Only scattered records of such use are available from southern Norway, and the tradition's core area is found in the two North Norwegian counties of Nordland and Troms, in accordance with the longer winters encountered in the north, frequently leading to fodder shortage in early spring...
2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585459/federal-public-health-service-in-retrospect-and-prospects
#13
Lloyd J Kolbe
In this article, I offer a retrospective case study about my early, short-term work within the U.S. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health and then my later, longer-term work within the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, where I endeavored for two decades largely to help our nation's schools improve health and associated education outcomes. First, for context, I briefly portray the nature of our related political and public health systems. I then frame this retrospective by illustrating how my serial employment within other public health system organizations led to, and then resulted from, my work within these two federal public health agencies...
October 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571603/evolutionary-characterization-of-ty3-gypsy-like-ltr-retrotransposons-in-the-parasitic-cestode-echinococcus-granulosus
#14
Young-An Bae
Cyclophyllidean cestodes including Echinococcus granulosus have a smaller genome and show characteristics such as loss of the gut, a segmented body plan, and accelerated growth rate in hosts compared with other tissue-invading helminths. In an effort to address the molecular mechanism relevant to genome shrinkage, the evolutionary status of long-terminal-repeat (LTR) retrotransposons, which are known as the most potent genomic modulators, was investigated in the E. granulosus draft genome. A majority of the E...
November 2016: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557835/-my-body-was-my-temple-a-narrative-revealing-body-image-experiences-following-treatment-of-a-spinal-cord-injury
#15
K Alysse Bailey, Kimberley L Gammage, Cathy van Ingen, David S Ditor
PURPOSE: This narrative explores the lived experience of a young woman, Rebecca, and her transitioned body image after sustaining and being treated for a spinal cord injury. METHOD: Data were collected from a single semi-structured in-depth interview. RESULTS: Rebecca disclosed her transitioned body image experiences after sustaining a spinal cord injury and being treated by medical staff immediately following her injury. Before her injury, she described a holistic body experience and named this experience her "temple"...
August 24, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547160/is-mold-toxicity-really-a-problem-for-our-patients-part-2-nonrespiratory-conditions
#16
Joseph Pizzorno, Ann Shippy
In my last editorial, I addressed the respiratory effects of mold exposure. The surprising research shows that as many as 50% of residential and work environments have water damage1 and that mold toxicity should be considered in all patients with any chronic respiratory condition. This is especially true in adult-onset asthma, two-thirds of which appears to be caused by toxins released from water-damaged buildings. The carcinogenic effects of food-borne mold contamination are also well documented. Less clear is the role of indoor mold exposure in water-damaged buildings and its relationship to nonrespiratory conditions...
June 2016: Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546327/fight-against-malnutrition-fam-selected-results-of-2006-2012-nutrition-day-survey-in-poland
#17
Joanna Ostrowska, Anna Jeznach-Steinhagen
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of malnutrition among hospitalized patients is a common issue increasing the morbidity and mortality rate. In response to the aforementioned problem the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) stated an action plan to fight malnutrition and created in 2004 the global health project named NutritionDay (nD) - a single-day, population based, standardized, multinational cross-sectional audit which is performed worldwide in hospitals and nursing homes...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543042/-sometimes-i-ve-gone-home-feeling-that-my-voice-hasn-t-been-heard-a-focus-group-study-exploring-the-views-and-experiences-of-health-care-assistants-when-caring-for-dying-residents
#18
Susan Fryer, Gary Bellamy, Tessa Morgan, Merryn Gott
BACKGROUND: In most developed countries, Health Care Assistants comprise a significant, and growing, proportion of the residential aged care workforce. Despite the fact that they provide the majority of direct care for residents, little is known about a key care aspect of their work, namely their experience of caring for dying residents. METHODS: Twenty-six Health Care Assistants working in aged residential care facilities in Auckland, New Zealand participated in six focus group discussions...
2016: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536261/happiness-psychology-and-degrees-of-realism
#19
Andrea Lavazza
The recent emphasis on a realist ontology that cannot be overshadowed by subjectivist or relativist perspectives seems to have a number of consequences for psychology as well. My attempt here is to analyse the relationship between happiness as a state of the individual and the states of the external world and the brain events related to (or, in some hypotheses, causally responsible for) its occurrence. It can be maintained that different degrees of realism are suitable to describe the states of happiness and this fact might have relevant psychological implications, namely for the so-called positive psychology...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470980/if-only-my-leader-would-just-do-something-passive-leadership-undermines-employee-well-being-through-role-stressors-and-psychological-resource-depletion
#20
Julian Barling, Michael R Frone
The goal of this study was to develop and test a sequential mediational model explaining the negative relationship of passive leadership to employee well-being. Based on role stress theory, we posit that passive leadership will predict higher levels of role ambiguity, role conflict and role overload. Invoking Conservation of Resources theory, we further hypothesize that these role stressors will indirectly and negatively influence two aspects of employee well-being, namely overall mental health and overall work attitude, through psychological work fatigue...
July 29, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
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