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blood transfusion in premature infants

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210010/evaluation-and-treatment-of-anemia-in-premature-infants
#1
Edo Hasanbegovic, Nermana Cengic, Snijezana Hasanbegovic, Jasmina Heljic, Ismail Lutolli, Edin Begic
INTRODUCTION: Anemia in preterm infants is the pathophysiological process with greater and more rapid decline in hemoglobin compared to the physiological anemia in infants. There is a need for transfusions and administration of human recombinant erythropoietin. AIM: To determine the frequency of anemia in premature infants at the Pediatric Clinic, University Clinical Center Sarajevo, as well as parameter values in the blood count of premature infants and to explore a relationship between blood transfusions with the advent of intraventricular hemorrhage (determine treatment outcome in preterm infants)...
December 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125676/determinants-of-indices-of-cerebral-volume-in-former-very-premature-infants-at-term-equivalent-age
#2
Aurelie Naud, Emmanuelle Schmitt, Maelle Wirth, Jean-Michel Hascoet
Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at term equivalent age (TEA) is suggested to be a reliable tool to predict the outcome of very premature infants. The objective of this study was to determine simple reproducible MRI indices, in premature infants and to analyze their neonatal determinants at TEA. A cohort of infants born before 32 weeks gestational age (GA) underwent a MRI at TEA in our center. Two axial images (T2 weighted), were chosen to realize nine measures. We defined 4 linear indices (MAfhlv: thickness of lateral ventricle; CSI: cortex-skull index; VCI: ventricular-cortex index; BOI: bi occipital index) and 1 surface index (VS...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112094/retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-a-cohort-of-neonates-at-groote-schuur-hospital-cape-town-south-africa
#3
Q Keraan, C Tinley, A Horn, T Pollock, J Steffen, Y Joolay
BACKGROUND: Severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) can cause blindness. Before 2016, resource limitations precluded routine screening for ROP at Groote Schuur Hospital (GSH), Cape Town, South Africa. Previous pilot studies at GSH found no patients with ROP requiring treatment; however, improved preterm infant survival may affect the prevalence. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and severity of ROP, describe potential risk factors, and assess the feasibility of ROP screening...
December 21, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887684/the-relationship-of-red-blood-cell-transfusion-to-intestinal-mucosal-injury-in-premature-infants
#4
Nhan Hyung, Insiyah Campwala, Danilo S Boskovic, Laurel Slater, Yayesh Asmerom, Megan S Holden, Danilyn M Angeles, Gerald Gollin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of intestinal mucosal injury before and after transfusions in premature infants. STUDY DESIGN: Urine was collected throughout the hospital stay of 62 premature infants and specimens obtained within 24h before and after transfusion were assayed for intestinal fatty acid binding protein (iFABP). A urinary iFABP:creatinine ratio (iFABPu:Cru) of 2.0pg/nmol was considered elevated. RESULT: Forty-nine infants were transfused...
November 6, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872824/packed-red-blood-cell-transfusions-as-a-risk-factor-for-parenteral-nutrition-associated-liver-disease-in-premature-infants
#5
Antoni D'Souza, Anushree Algotar, Ling Pan, Steven M Schwarz, William R Treem, Gloria Valencia, Simon S Rabinowitz
AIM: To determine if packed red blood cell transfusions contribute to the development of parenteral nutrition associated liver disease. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 49 premature infants on parenteral nutrition for > 30 d who received packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusions was performed. Parenteral nutrition associated liver disease was primarily defined by direct bilirubin (db) > 2.0 mg/dL. A high transfusion cohort was defined as receiving > 75 mL packed red blood cells (the median value)...
November 8, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605567/maternal-interleukin-genotypes-are-associated-with-nicu-outcomes-among-low-birth-weight-infants
#6
Kelley L Baumgartel, Maureen W Groer, Susan M Cohen, Dianxu Ren, Diane L Spatz, Yvette P Conley
BACKGROUND: Maternal interleukin (IL) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with obstetrical outcomes. Conversely, infant SNPs are associated with subsequent neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) outcomes. Little is known about relationships between maternal SNPs and neonatal outcomes. PURPOSE: To examine the relationships between maternal IL genotypes and neonatal outcomes. METHODS: An ancillary study was conducted among mothers (N = 63) who delivered very low-birth-weight infants (N = 74)...
September 6, 2016: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603540/neonatal-transfusion-practice-when-do-neonates-need-red-blood-cells-or-platelets
#7
Antonio Del Vecchio, Caterina Franco, Flavia Petrillo, Gabriele D'Amato
Based on small studies and not on statistically valid clinical trials, guidelines for neonatal transfusions remain controversial and practices vary greatly. Premature infants and critically ill neonates in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) often require blood transfusions and extremely preterm neonates receive at least one red blood cell transfusion during their hospital stay. Transfusions to neonates convey both benefits and risks and consequently it is imperative to establish specific guidelines to improve practice and avoid unnecessary transfusions...
September 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552089/chorioamnionitis-at-birth-does-not-increase-the-risk-of-neurodevelopmental-disability-in-premature-infants-with-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#8
Rani A Bashir, Vineet Bhandari, Sakeer Vayalthrikkovil, Yacov Rabi, Amuchou Soraisham, Selphee Tang, Essa Al Awad, Abhay Lodha
AIM: To compare preterm infants with no bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), BPD with chorioamnionitis (BPDC) and BPD with no chorioamnionitis (BPDNC) for the association with neurodevelopmental disability (NDD) at three years corrected age. METHODS: Demographic and outcome data of infants with birthweight (BW) ≤1250 g born during two epochs (1995-2000 and 2002-2007 with an interim washout period of one year) were compared on the basis of whether they had BPD, chorioamnionitis or both...
November 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514234/red-blood-cell-transfusion-and-clinical-outcomes-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants
#9
Yu-Cheng Wang, Oi-Wa Chan, Ming-Chou Chiang, Peng-Hong Yang, Shih-Ming Chu, Jen-Fu Hsu, Ren-Huei Fu, Reyin Lien
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell (RBC) transfusion is often considered a life-saving measure in critically ill neonates. The smallest and least mature infants tend to receive the largest amount of transfusions. RBC transfusion itself has also been suggested as an independent risk factor of poor clinical outcome in critical patients. Our aim is to study if there are associations between RBC transfusion and in-hospital mortality, short-term morbidities, and late neurodevelopmental outcome in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) preterm infants...
July 5, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497045/postponed-pregnancies-and-risks-of-very-advanced-maternal-age
#10
Christian Haslinger, Bernhard Stoiber, Federica Capanna, Marie-Kristin Schäffer, Roland Zimmermann, Leonhard Schäffer
QUESTIONS UNDER STUDY: To evaluate pregnancy outcome in pregnant women aged ≥45 years, termed very advanced maternal age (VAMA). METHODS: We retrospectively compared the outcome of pregnancies in VAMA patients with controls aged 30 years at time of delivery. Subgroups of singleton and multiple pregnancies were also analysed. Incidences of maternal and fetal adverse outcomes were measured. Statistical significance was set at p <0.05. Odds ratios (ORs) were adjusted where necessary...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428338/-decreased-transfusions-in-preterm-infants-with-anemia-treated-with-erythropoietin
#11
José Francisco López-Catzín, Patricia Berenice Bolado-García, Gonzalo Jesús Gamboa-López, Carolina Elizabeth Medina-Escobedo, Leydi Rubí Cambranes-Catzima
BACKGROUND: Treating anemia of prematurity is transfused red blood cells and the use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents. The aim of this article is to determine the correlation between the number of blood transfusions and the use of recombinant human erythropoietin in preterm infants with anemia. METHODS: A correlation study was performed in 80 cases of patients with anemia treated with transfusions and erythropoietin, were randomized into two groups: one was treated with transfusions (T) and one with transfusions and erythropoietin (E)...
September 2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424006/research-opportunities-to-improve-neonatal-red-blood-cell-transfusion
#12
REVIEW
Ravi Mangal Patel, Erin K Meyer, John A Widness
Red blood cell (RBC) transfusion is a common and lifesaving therapy for anemic neonates and infants, particularly among those born prematurely or undergoing surgery. However, evidence-based indications for when to administer RBCs and adverse effects of RBC transfusion on important outcomes including necrotizing enterocolitis, survival, and long-term neurodevelopmental impairment remain uncertain. In addition, blood-banking practices for preterm and term neonates and infants have been largely developed using studies from older children and adults...
October 2016: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27320903/predictive-algorithms-for-early-detection-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#13
Stefano Piermarocchi, Silvia Bini, Ferdinando Martini, Marianna Berton, Anna Lavini, Elena Gusson, Giorgio Marchini, Ezio Maria Padovani, Sara Macor, Silvia Pignatto, Paolo Lanzetta, Luigi Cattarossi, Eugenio Baraldi, Paola Lago
PURPOSE: To evaluate sensitivity, specificity and the safest cut-offs of three predictive algorithms (WINROP, ROPScore and CHOP ROP) for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in three centres from 2012 to 2014; 445 preterms with gestational age (GA) ≤ 30 weeks and/or birthweight (BW) ≤ 1500 g, and additional unstable cases, were included. No-ROP, mild and type 1 ROP were categorized. The algorithms were analysed for infants with all parameters (GA, BW, weight gain, oxygen therapy, blood transfusion) needed for calculation (399 babies)...
June 20, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27318531/copper-zinc-and-iron-levels-in-premature-infants-following-red-blood-cell-transfusion
#14
Murat Kizilgun, Sahin Takci, Pinar Erkekoglu, Ali Asci, Aylin Balci, Sule Yigit, Belma Kocer-Gumusel
This study aimed to investigate effect of erythrocyte suspension (ES) transfusion on Cu, Zn, and Fe levels. It was conducted on 53 premature infants who were admitted to Hacettepe Hospital and received EST for first time. Blood samples were drawn before and 96h after ES transfusion to determine Cu, Zn, and Fe levels in plasma and/or erythrocytes. The mean plasma Cu levels were 99±3μg/dl and 113±3μg/dl; Zn levels were 105±2μg/dl and 115±23μg/dl; mean plasma Fe level was 58.1±19.4 and 75.2±25.4μg/dl and mean erythrocyte Fe level was 4182±2314μg/ml and 7009±5228μg/ml, before and after ES transfusion...
December 2016: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27255268/attempting-to-honor-beliefs-of-jehovah-s-witnesses-at-the-edge-of-viability-in-an-infant-born-at-23-weeks-gestational-age
#15
Charles W Sauer, Krishelle L Marc-Aurele
BACKGROUND: Infants born at 23 weeks' gestation have a poor prognosis and require intensive care, including blood transfusions, to survive. Generally speaking, the decision to forgo life support is acceptable. Jehovah's Witnesses believe that life is sacred and want lifesaving interventions except for blood transfusions. Therefore, an ethical dilemma exists when a baby is born on the edge of viability to parents that are Jehovah's Witnesses. In this case, if parents and healthcare professionals disagree on the best interests of the child, the medical team should obtain a court order from the state to intervene...
June 3, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27249797/effects-of-red-blood-cell-transfusions-on-the-risk-of-developing-complications-or-death-an-observational-study-of-a-cohort-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#16
Stefano Ghirardello, Elisa Dusi, Ivan Cortinovis, Stefania Villa, Monica Fumagalli, Massimo Agosti, Silvano Milani, Fabio Mosca
Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between red blood cell (RBC) transfusions on the risk of death, retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Study Design and Methods This is an observational study. Data were entered prospectively into the study database at the time of the first transfusion. Clinical characteristics, adverse events, and outcomes of the patients transfused in the first 28 days of life were compared with the population of VLBW infants not transfused during the same period...
January 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27244778/quality-improvement-initiative-to-reduce-the-necrotizing-enterocolitis-rate-in-premature-infants
#17
Maria M Talavera, Gary Bixler, Corin Cozzi, James Dail, Randy R Miller, Richard McClead, Kristina Reber
OBJECTIVE: To reduce the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) among very low birth weight (VLBW) infants admitted to 8 intensive care nurseries from a 2010 baseline of 8.0% to <4.0% by 2012 and sustain for 6 months using quality improvement (QI) methodology. METHODS: A multidisciplinary NEC QI team used the Vermont Oxford Network definition of NEC and the Institute for Healthcare Improvement model. The specific aims were evidenced based and included (1) standardized early human milk feedings, (2) conservative feeding guidelines during blood transfusions and indomethacin treatment, and (3) restriction of ranitidine use in VLBW infants...
May 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27235204/hemolysis-in-preterm-neonates
#18
REVIEW
Robert D Christensen, Hassan M Yaish
Hemolysis can be an important cause of hyperbilirubinemia in premature and term neonates. It can result from genetic abnormalities intrinsic to or factors exogenous to normal to red blood cells (RBCs). Hemolysis can lead to a relatively rapid increase in total serum/plasma bilirubin, hyperbilirubinemia that is somewhat slow to fall with phototherapy, or hyperbilirubinemia that is likely to rebound after phototherapy. Laboratory methods for diagnosing hemolysis are more difficult to apply, or less conclusive, in preterm infants...
June 2016: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27183289/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity-from-2-neonatal-intensive-care-units-in-a-hong-kong-chinese-population
#19
Gordon S K Yau, Jacky W Y Lee, Victor T Y Tam, Catherine C L Liu, Stan Yip, Edith Cheng, Benjamin C Y Chu, Can Y F Yuen
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence and risk factors of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm Chinese infants. DESIGN: Retrospective review. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for all neonates screened for ROP between January 2007 and December 2012 in Hong Kong. Screening was offered to VLBW (≤1500 g) and/or preterm (gestation, ≤32 weeks) neonates using the Royal College of Ophthalmologists ROP guideline and the International Classification of ROP by 3 pediatric ophthalmologists...
May 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27182996/does-red-blood-cell-transfusion-related-acute-lung-injury-occur-in-premature-infants-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#20
Jacquelyn E M Grev, Marketa Stanclova, Marc A Ellsworth, Christopher E Colby
Objective The objective of this study was to determine whether packed red blood cell (pRBC) transfusions in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants were associated with acute respiratory decompensation (ARD). Study Design Retrospective chart review of ELBW infant pRBC transfusions analyzed for meeting ARD criteria during the 6 hours post-pRBC transfusion was compared with the pretransfusion baseline period. A control period subdivided into similar pre- and postintervals was also assessed for each infant...
January 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
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