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Case report diabetic nephropathy

Barry I Freedman, Amy L Kistler, Peter Skewes-Cox, Don Ganem, Mitzie Spainhour, Jolyn Turner, Jasmin Divers, Carl D Langefeld, Mariana Murea, Pamela J Hicks, Ashok K Hemal, James A Snipes, Lihong Zhao, Johanna R Abend, Douglas S Lyles, Lijun Ma, Karl L Skorecki
Background: Viral infections can trigger chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the urine virome may inform risk. The Natural History of APOL1-Associated Nephropathy Study (NHAANS) reported that urine JC polyomavirus (JCPyV) associated with a lower risk of APOL1-associated nephropathy in African Americans. Herein, association was assessed between urine JCPyV with CKD in African Americans independent from the APOL1 genotype. Methods: Quantitative polymerase chain reaction was performed for urinary detection of JCPyV and BK polyoma virus (BKPyV) in 200 newly recruited nondiabetic African Americans...
February 6, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Michelle Quarti Machado Rosa, Roger Dos Santos Rosa, Marcelo G Correia, Denizar V Araujo, Luciana R Bahia, Cristiana M Toscano
Diabetes is associated with a significant burden globally. The costs of diabetes-related hospitalizations are unknown in most developing countries. The aim of this study was to estimate the total number and economic burden of hospitalizations attributable to diabetes mellitus (DM) and its complications in adults from the perspective of the Brazilian Public Health System in 2014. Data sources included the National Health Survey (NHS) and National database of Hospitalizations (SIH). We considered diabetes, its microvascular (retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy) and macrovascular complications (coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and peripheral arterial disease), respiratory and urinary tract infections, as well as selected cancers...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Naoya Toriu, Masayuki Yamanouchi, Rikako Hiramatsu, Noriko Hayami, Junichi Hoshino, Akinari Sekine, Masahiro Kawada, Eiko Hasegawa, Tatsuya Suwabe, Keiichi Sumida, Toshiharu Ueno, Naoki Sawa, Kenichi Ohashi, Takeshi Fujii, Kenmei Takaichi, Motoko Yanagita, Tetsuro Kobayasi, Yoshifumi Ubara
We report the case of a 67-year-old Japanese woman with type 1 diabetes mellitus. At 47 years of age, her hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) was 10.0%, and she had overt nephropathy. The first renal biopsy yielded a diagnosis of diabetic nephropathy. Intensive glycemic control was initiated and her HbA1c improved to 6.0%. Renal dysfunction showed no progression for 15 years. At 62 years of age, a second renal biopsy was performed. Glomerular lesions did not show progression but tubulointerstitial fibrosis and vascular lesions showed progression compared with the first biopsy...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
Hsien-Fu Chiu, Hung-Chun Chen, Kuo-Cheng Lu, Kuo-Hsiung Shu
BACKGROUND: Despite the development of biomarkers and noninvasive imaging tools, biopsy remains the only method for correctly diagnosing patients with unexplained hematuria, proteinuria and renal failure. Renal biopsy has been performed for several decades in Taiwan; however, a national data registry is still lacking until 2013. METHODS: The Renal Biopsy Registry Committee was established within the Taiwan Society of Nephrology in January 2013. A biopsy registry format, including basic demographic data, baseline clinical features, laboratory data, and clinical and pathological diagnosis was developed...
January 10, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Yen Ping Ng, Ganesh Pandian Balasubramanian, Yi Ping Heng, Meera Kalaiselvan, Yu Wen Teh, Kin Man Cheong, Muhammad Faiz Bin Abdul Hadi, Rosmaliza Bt Othman
AIMS: Recent data showed an alarming rise of new dialysis cases secondary to diabetic nephropathy despite the growing usage of RAAS blockers. Primary objective of this study is to explore the prevalence of RAAS blockers usage among type II diabetic patients, secondary objectives are to compare the prescribing pattern of RAAS blocker between primary and tertiary care center and to explore if the dose of RAAS blocker prescribed was at optimal dose as suggested by trials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study conducted at one public tertiary referral hospital and one public health clinic in Sungai Petani, Kedah, Malaysia...
December 21, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Gnanasambandan Ramanathan, Bollimpalli Harichandana, Suresh Kannan, Ramprasad Elumalai, Solomon Paul
AIM: Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is a regulatory enzyme of homocysteine metabolism. The C677T and A1298C polymorphism of the MTHFR gene has been reported to be associated with elevated plasma homocysteine in patients with Diabetic nephropathy. This study aimed to investigate the influence of the C677T and A1298C polymorphisms on the progression chronic kidney disease in diabetic nephropathy of south Indian population. METHODS: We genotyped 145 DN cases and 100 controls for the C677T and A1298C polymorphisms using PCR-RFLP based protocols, and all diabetic nephropathy cases divided into two groups based on CKD stages: 60 DN cases were early stage (CKD1 to CKD3) and 85 DN cases were advanced stage (CKD4 and CKD5)...
December 11, 2017: Nephrology
Jaquellyne G Penaforte-Saboia, Renan M Montenegro, Carlos E Couri, Livia A Batista, Ana Paula D R Montenegro, Virginia O Fernandes, Hussain Akhtar, Carlos A Negrato, Kelen Cristina Ribeiro Malmegrim, Daniela Aparecida Moraes, Juliana B E Dias, Belinda P Simões, Marilia Brito Gomes, Maria Carolina Oliveira
Objective: To explore the impact on microvascular complications, long-term preservation of residual B-cell function and glycemic control of patients with type 1 diabetes treated with autologous nonmyeloablative hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (AHST) compared with conventional medical therapy (CT). Research design and methods: Cross-sectional data of patients treated with AHST were compared with patients who received conventional therapy from the Brazilian Type 1 Diabetes Study Group, the largest multicenter observational study in type 1 diabetes mellitus in Brazil...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Uyanga Batnyam, Nway Ko Ko, Aamir Javaid
Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common modifiable risk factors for coronary artery disease, and its prevalence is rising globally. Persistent hyperglycemia has a well-established cardiovascular risk, and its treatment plays an important role in the prevention of future cardiovascular events. While we improved microvascular complications such as retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy by stringent blood glucose control, the cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in diabetics remain high. Hypoglycemia, on the other hand, is an important side effect of pharmaceutical blood glucose control, especially those who are treated with insulin...
September 25, 2017: Curēus
Akihiro Ryuge, Masahiko Yazawa, Kazuki Kitajima, Ryuto Nakazawa, Hideo Sasaki, Tatsuya Chikaraishi, Yugo Shibagaki
Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) after allograft biopsy occurs in 1.6-8.3% of kidney transplant patients and most cases remain asymptomatic. Here, we report a case of hemorrhagic shock in a kidney transplant recipient following bleeding from an AVF after graft biopsy. Immediate intensive care including angiographic embolization saved the patient and the allograft. A 62-year-old woman with end-stage renal disease caused by diabetic nephropathy underwent ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation. No complications occurred in the early postoperative period...
November 1, 2017: CEN Case Reports
Ken Iseri, Masayuki Iyoda, Yasuto Shikida, Takako Inokuchi, Tomoki Morikawa, Noriko Hara, Tsutomu Hirano, Takanori Shibata
BACKGROUND: Type B insulin resistance syndrome is a rare disease characterized by refractory transient hyperglycaemia and severe insulin resistance associated with circulating anti-insulin receptor antibodies. A standardized treatment regimen for type B insulin resistance syndrome has yet to be established. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 64-year-old man undergoing haemodialysis for antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis and diabetic nephropathy, who developed rapid onset of hyperglycaemia (glycated albumin 52...
October 16, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Maki Fujiwara, Takeshi Soda, Takuya Okada, Hiroshi Kanamaru, Takahiro Inoue, Osamu Ogawa
BACKGROUND: Complications of peritoneal dialysis (PD) such as pain and catheter leakage are frequently reported. Delayed bowel perforation of a PD catheter is a rare adverse event but a serious complication associated with significant mortality. Bowel perforation of a PD catheter is difficult to differentiate from PD-related peritonitis and likely to result in a delay in diagnosis. Here, we report two cases of bowel perforation after PD catheter insertion by the stepwise initiation of PD using the Moncrief and Popovich technique (SMAP) and peritoneal wall anchor technique (PWAT)...
October 16, 2017: BMC Nephrology
Maher Alharbi, Rae-Kiran Jhinger, Terence Wuerz, Andrew Walkty
Introduction. Posaconazole is a triazole antifungal that is used in the treatment of a variety of fungal infections, as well as in the management of mucormycosis (on an off-label basis). Eosinophilia associated with exposure to azole antifungals has been described rarely in the literature. Case presentation. A 31-year-old male on peritoneal dialysis (PD) for end-stage renal disease, secondary to diabetic nephropathy, presented to hospital with abdominal pain after a trip to St Lucia. He was taken to the operating room, where the PD catheter was removed and an abdominal-wall abscess was debrided...
June 2017: JMM Case Reports
H Vernon Roohk, Asad R Zaidi, Dimple Patel
AIMS: Abnormal levels of glycated albumin (GA) are associated with the onset of both diabetes and inflammation. Although inflammation has long been associated with diabetes, this article aims to explore the underlying mechanisms of this relationship as it pertains to the role of GA. METHODS: We have reviewed 52 research articles since the year 2000. Common search terms used were "(inflammatory mediator) and GA" or "inflammation and GA". The findings have been organized according to diabetic complications with respect to the interactions of GA and inflammatory mediators...
January 2018: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
Pitchaphon Nissaisorakarn, Vivette D'Agati, Kisra Anis, Belinda Jim
We present the case of a 75-year-old Hispanic woman with known stage 3 chronic kidney disease, long-standing hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus who presented with right-sided abdominal pain and acute kidney injury, nephrotic range proteinuria with positive antimyeloperoxidase antibody. A renal biopsy revealed IgA nephropathy with superimposed pauci-immune antineutrophilic cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated crescentic glomerulonephritis. The patient was treated with pulse intravenous methylprednisolone, cyclophosphamide and plasmapheresis...
October 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Marie E Perrone, Anthony Chang, Kammi J Henriksen
Kidney diseases affect many hospitalized patients and contribute to morbidity and mortality. Therefore, kidney disease should be prevalent, but the frequency and spectrum of medical renal pathology in autopsy specimens has not been well documented. We sought to determine the spectrum of medical renal pathology in adult autopsy specimens and the frequency of overlooked diagnoses. We reviewed the hematoxylin- and eosin-stained kidney sections from 140 adult autopsies performed at a large teaching hospital over a 2-year period...
October 6, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Satoshi Yoshimura, Hiroaki Kawano, Takako Minami, Akira Tsuneto, Tomoo Nakata, Seiji Koga, Satoshi Ikeda, Tomayoshi Hayashi, Koji Maemura
Calcified amorphous tumor (CAT) is a rare, non-neoplastic tumor involving calcium deposition in amorphous materials. Although its etiology is unknown, cases have frequently been reported in patients with hemodialysis for chronic kidney disease. We herein describe a case of cardiac CAT in a 64-year-old woman who had been on hemodialysis for diabetic nephropathy for 20 years, and the findings of the present patient, in association with the findings of previous case reports, suggest that end-stage renal disease seems to play an important role in the onset of CAT, especially in CAT formation at the mitral annulus, which appears to differ from CAT occurring at other sites...
September 25, 2017: Internal Medicine
Fakhriya Alalawi, Maseer Ahmed, Hind AlNour, Malaz Noralla, Amna Alhadari
Hemodialysis (HD) was first established in Dubai in the year 1980 and was in its full capacity by the year 1983. Since then, the HD population has been growing rapidly. This report represents the demographic data and clinical characteristics of our HD patients during the period between January 2012 and October 2016. Diabetic nephropathy (57%) and hypertension (12.4%) are emerging as the most common causes of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in our data, followed by undetermined causes in those who presented as ESRD (10...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Mostafa Karimoei, Parvin Pasalar, Mohsen Mehrabzadeh, Maryam Daneshpour, Maryam Shojaee, Katayoun Forouzanfar, Farideh Razi
Approximately one-third of diabetic patients develop evidence of nephropathy. Pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN) remains unclear; however, some genetic and metabolic risk factors have been determined for the development and progression of DN. In the recent genetic studies, polymorphism of apolipoprotein E (ApoE) gene has been reported as a risk factor for the development of DN; however, the results are inconsistent. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between ApoE polymorphism and nephropathy in Iranian patient with type 2 diabetes...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Ilaria Dicembrini, Besmir Nreu, Alessia Scatena, Francesco Andreozzi, Giorgio Sesti, Edoardo Mannucci, Matteo Monami
In the manuscript, the events of nephropathy and retinopathy recorded for the LEADER trial (Marso et al. 2016) were erroneously imputed; the numbers reported in Table 1 for that trial refer to serious adverse events, and not to total events, as stated in Methods. The correct figures are 268 and 416 cases of nephropathy, and 106 and 92 cases of retinopathy in liraglutide and control arms, respectively. As a consequence, the overall risk (MH-OR [95% CI]) of nephropathy and retinopathy with GLP-1RA (vs all comparators) is 0...
November 2017: Acta Diabetologica
G C Rodríguez-Roca, A Segura-Fragoso, A Villarín-Castro, F J Alonso-Moreno, L Rodríguez-Padial, M L Rodríguez-García, J A Fernández-Conde, G A Rojas-Martelo, A Menchén-Herreros, C Escobar-Cervantes, J Fernández-Martín, L M Artigao-Rodenas, J A Carbayo-Herencia, J Hernández-Moreno
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess cardiovascular risk (CVR) by investigating the prevalence of CVR factors (CVRF), target organ damage (TOD), and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in general population of the health area of Toledo, Spain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Epidemiological and observational study that analysed a sample from the general population aged 18years or older, randomly selected from a database of health cards stratified by age and gender. Clinical history, physical examination, and complementary tests were performed...
August 28, 2017: Semergen
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