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Ronit Koren, Yifat Wiener, Karen Or, Carlos A Benbassat, Shlomit Koren
OBJECTIVES: To study the current practices in the management of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) and thyroid nodules during pregnancy of obstetricians/gynecologists (OB/GYNs) and endocrinologists in Israel. METHODS: An electronic questionnaire was sent by email to all members of the Israeli Endocrine Society and the Israel Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Questionnaires included demographic data and clinical scenarios with questions regarding the screening and management of pregnant women with SCH, hypothyroxinemia, and a palpable thyroid nodule...
March 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Jennie Gunn, Carroll Gunn Huebner, Kristen McCoy
PURPOSE: To explore the lived experience of women over the age of 21 who lost their mothers before the age of 18. METHODS: Using qualitative methodology, motherless child-adult women were gathered through emails, word of mouth, and snowballing techniques. Interviews were conducted at the convenience of the women. The women coparticipated with identification of emerging themes using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Eight women who lost their mothers before the age of 18 participated...
February 27, 2018: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Risa L Fridy, Sofya Maslyanskaya, Sylvia Lim, Susan M Coupey
OBJECTIVE: A 2014 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Policy Statement identified long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) as first-line choices for adolescents, but pediatricians' current knowledge and practices about intrauterine devices (IUDs) and subdermal contraceptive implants (Implants) is unknown. We aimed to characterize pediatricians' knowledge and practices about LARCs for adolescents. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional online survey emailed to a convenience sample of AAP member pediatricians in New York, Utah, Illinois, and Kansas in 2015 & 2016...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Mehrnoosh Aref-Adib, Evangelia Vlachodimitropoulou, Rajvinder Khasriya, Benjamin W Lamb, Dan Selo-Ojeme
We assessed the attitudes of UK Obstetrics and Gynaecology (O&G) trainees towards a caesarean delivery for maternal request (CDMR); and identified differences in attitude towards patients requesting CDMR and preferences for their own mode of delivery. An internet survey was constructed with questions covering trainees' personal preferences towards and experience of CDMR; attitudes to CDMR; and how they might treat patients making this request. From 02/2013 to 06/2013, the survey was sent electronically via email to all UK Deaneries to be forwarded to O&G trainees...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Marta Glowacka, Lucy Yardley, Nicole Stone, Cynthia A Graham
BACKGROUND: Although condoms are effective in reducing the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unintended pregnancy, they are still often not used consistently and correctly. Negative impact on sensation and pleasure, ruining the mood, causing problems with maintaining erection, and condom slippage or breakage are some of the reasons given by men explaining why they do not want to use condoms. Although many interventions promoting condom use exist, some of them delivered online are complex and time- and resource-intensive...
January 2, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Julia E Kohn, Hannah R Simons, Lisa Della Badia, Elissa Draper, Johanna Morfesis, Elizabeth Talmont, Anitra Beasley, Melanie McDonald, Carolyn L Westhoff
OBJECTIVES: Self-administration of subcutaneous depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA-sc) is feasible, acceptable, and effective. Our objective was to compare one-year continuation of DMPA-sc between women randomized to self-administration versus clinic administration. STUDY DESIGN: We randomized 401 females ages 15-44 requesting DMPA at clinics in Texas and New Jersey to self-administration or clinic administration in a 1:1 allocation. Clinic staff taught participants randomized to self-administration to self-inject and observed the first injection; participants received instructions, a sharps container, and three doses for home use...
December 7, 2017: Contraception
S Le Gouic, V Lavoué, M Mimouni, J Levêque, C Huchon
OBJECTIVES: To assess the adhesion of French obstetricians and gynecologists to the French clinical practice guidelines for pregnancy loss, issued by the French College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, one year after publication. METHODS: An online vignette-based study was emailed to a sample of French obstetricians and gynecologists to compare their management of women with missed early miscarriage and incomplete early miscarriage. A descriptive statistical analysis was performed comparing the rates of appropriate management for these two indications before and after the release of the guidelines...
May 2017: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
Johannes Duffner, Lena Schulte-Kemna, Barbara Reister, Ulla Ludwig, Frieder Keller, Rene van Erp, Bernd Schröppel
BACKGROUND: To assess the experience and practice patterns of nephrologists in Germany with regard to the care of pregnant women on dialysis. METHODS: The 26-item internet survey sent by email asked for demographic information, subjective proficiency, maternal and fetal complications, treatment approaches and goals. RESULTS: Of the 2,015 surveys sent out, 200 (10%) were available for evaluation. 38% of respondents never provided care, whereas 62% treated at least one pregnant patient on dialysis...
November 2017: Clinical Nephrology
A W Shand, W Luk, N Nassar, L Hui, K Dyer, W Rawlinson
PURPOSE: To assess the knowledge, practice and attitudes of maternity clinicians regarding congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV). It is the most common congenital infection, and well-recognized cause of neurodevelopmental disability and hearing loss. New consensus recommendations state all pregnant women and health-care providers should be educated about congenital CMV infection and preventive measures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An email questionnaire was distributed in October 2015 to specialists, diplomates (general practitioners), and trainees of the Royal Australian New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RANZCOG), and Victorian and New South Wales midwives...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Marcela C Smid, Cora Mcelwain, Jeffrey A Kuller, Jay Schulkin
PURPOSE: Describe practice patterns among obstetrician/gynecologists (OB/GYNs) when caring for women with pregnancy complicated by fetal trisomy 13 (T13) or 18 (T18) and compare these between maternal-fetal medicine (MFM) and non-MFM providers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted an electronic survey using the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists database. Using simple statistics, we describe demographics and practice patterns among respondents and compare those of MFM practitioners with non-MFM providers...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
J N Sanders, D K Turok, P A Royer, I S Thompson, L M Gawron, K E Storck
OBJECTIVE(S): This study compares 1-year intrauterine device (IUD) continuation among women presenting for emergency contraception (EC) and initiating the copper (Cu T380A) IUD or the levonorgestrel (LNG) 52 mg IUD plus 1.5 mg oral LNG. STUDY DESIGN: This cohort study enrolled 188 women who presented at a single family planning clinic in Utah between June 2013 and September 2014 and selected either the Cu T380A IUD or LNG 52 mg IUD plus oral LNG for EC. Trained personnel followed participants by phone, text or e-mail for 12 months or until discontinuation occurred...
June 5, 2017: Contraception
Gyoung Hoon Lee, Hyun Jin Song, Young Min Choi, Hyuck Dong Han
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to report the status of assisted reproductive technology (ART) therapy in South Korea between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2012. METHODS: A localized online survey, originally developed by the International Committee Monitoring Assisted Reproductive Technologies, was first launched and provided to all available ART centers via email in 2015. Fresh embryo transfer (FET) cases were categorized as standard in vitro fertilization, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), or half-ICSI...
March 2017: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
A Girault, S Friszer, E Maisonneuve, L Guilbaud, A Cortey, J-M Jouannic
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to evaluate in utero blood transfusion's (IUT) performed in France, among the French prenatal diagnosis centers in order to study the etiology of severe anemia requiring IUT. METHODS: We conducted a national retrospective descriptive study between 2011 and 2014. The data were collected using a survey sent by email to all French prenatal diagnosis centers. RESULTS: Among the 49 centers, 18 (38 %) had performed at least one IUT during the study period...
February 2017: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
C M Kelsey, Nickole Medel, Carson Mullins, Danielle Dallaire, Catherine Forestell
OBJECTIVE: The number of incarcerated women in the United States has been steadily increasing over the last 30 years. An estimated 6-10% of these women are pregnant at intake. Previous studies on the health needs and care of pregnant incarcerated women have focused mainly on prison settings. Therefore, we examined the pregnancy-related accommodations and health care provided for regional jail populations. METHOD: The present study is a quantitative survey (administered through phone or email to employees of predominately jail medical facilities) of common practices and policies employed across 53 jail facilities in the United States as a function of geographic region (North vs...
June 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
L S Exton, S T Cheung, A G Brain, M F Mohd Mustapa, D A R de Berker
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the British Association of Dermatologists (BAD) published clinical guidelines for the safe introduction and continued use of isotretinoin in patients with acne in the UK. The BAD provides UK dermatologists with a facility for national audit, and it undertook an audit on compliance with these guidelines in 2012. AIM: To determine current clinical practices relating to use of isotretinoin among dermatologists in the UK (including geographical variations) as measured against BAD standards, and to ascertain any improvement since the 2012 audit...
February 20, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
Kathrine Birch Petersen, Thomas Maltesen, Julie L Forman, Randi Sylvest, Anja Pinborg, Elisabeth C Larsen, Kirsten T Macklon, Henriette S Nielsen, Helene W Hvidman, Anders Nyboe Andersen
INTRODUCTION: The Fertility Assessment and Counseling (FAC) Clinic was initiated to provide women with information about their current fertility status to prevent infertility and smaller families than desired. The aim was to study the predictive value of a risk assessment score based on known fertility risk factors in terms of time to pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective cohort study of the first 570 women attending the FAC Clinic from 2011 to 2013 at Rigshospitalet, Denmark...
March 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Ajesh George, Hannah G Dahlen, Jennifer Reath, Shilpi Ajwani, Sameer Bhole, Andrew Korda, Harrison Ng Chok, Charmaine Miranda, Amy Villarosa, Maree Johnson
BACKGROUND: There is mounting evidence to support the lack of awareness among pregnant women about health consequences and long term risks associated with poor oral hygiene during pregnancy. A recognised and important point of influence is their interaction with health professionals, particularly when receiving Antenatal Care. However, there is limited evidence about the perceptions of ANC providers in Australia toward the provision of perinatal oral healthcare. This study was undertaken to explore the knowledge, attitudes and practices of Antenatal Care (ANC) providers in New South Wales (NSW), Australia providing perinatal oral healthcare and to identify barriers to and predictors of their practices in this area...
December 1, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Elisa Pazzaglia, Julie Praet, Jean Vandromme, Serge Rozenberg
AIM: To assess the attitudes of gynecologists toward symptomatic fibroids and analyze which factors influence their choice of treatment. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We surveyed the attitude of Belgian gynecologists toward patients' cases. We used a vignette of a woman with symptomatic fibroids and modified 3 factors: her age, her parity and her desire for pregnancy, thereby establishing 12 different cases. We ensured that each gynecologist (n=1437) received one case, chosen randomly, by email...
January 2017: Maturitas
Jessica Farren, Maria Jalmbrant, Lieveke Ameye, Karen Joash, Nicola Mitchell-Jones, Sophie Tapp, Dirk Timmerman, Tom Bourne
OBJECTIVES: This is a pilot study to investigate the type and severity of emotional distress in women after early pregnancy loss (EPL), compared with a control group with ongoing pregnancies. The secondary aim was to assess whether miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy impacted differently on the type and severity of psychological morbidity. DESIGN: This was a prospective survey study. Consecutive women were recruited between January 2012 and July 2013. We emailed women a link to a survey 1, 3 and 9 months after a diagnosis of EPL, and 1 month after the diagnosis of a viable ongoing pregnancy...
November 2, 2016: BMJ Open
Alyson Ross, Katharine Touchton-Leonard, Li Yang, Gwenyth Wallen
Yoga therapy may improve a variety of symptoms and health conditions, but little is known about how yoga therapy is being delivered in the real world. The purpose of this study was to describe the delivery of yoga therapy by yoga instructors across the U.S. In this cross-sectional survey, certified instructors were recruited from the Iyengar Yoga National Association, United States (IYNAUS) (n = 966) via an email that contained a link to an anonymous online survey that collected information on demographics, their delivery of yoga therapy, and the health conditions and symptoms seen and records kept by the instructors...
January 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
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