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C M Kelsey, Nickole Medel, Carson Mullins, Danielle Dallaire, Catherine Forestell
OBJECTIVE: The number of incarcerated women in the United States has been steadily increasing over the last 30 years. An estimated 6-10% of these women are pregnant at intake. Previous studies on the health needs and care of pregnant incarcerated women have focused mainly on prison settings. Therefore, we examined the pregnancy-related accommodations and health care provided for regional jail populations. METHOD: The present study is a quantitative survey (administered through phone or email to employees of predominately jail medical facilities) of common practices and policies employed across 53 jail facilities in the United States as a function of geographic region (North vs...
February 24, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
L S Exton, S T Cheung, A G Brain, M F Mohd Mustapa, D A R de Berker
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the British Association of Dermatologists (BAD) published clinical guidelines for the safe introduction and continued use of isotretinoin in patients with acne in the UK. The BAD provides UK dermatologists with a facility for national audit, and it undertook an audit on compliance with these guidelines in 2012. AIM: To determine current clinical practices relating to use of isotretinoin among dermatologists in the UK (including geographical variations) as measured against BAD standards, and to ascertain any improvement since the 2012 audit...
February 20, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
Kathrine Birch Petersen, Thomas Maltesen, Julie L Forman, Randi Sylvest, Anja Pinborg, Elisabeth C Larsen, Kirsten T Macklon, Henriette S Nielsen, Helene W Hvidman, Anders Nyboe Andersen
INTRODUCTION: The Fertility Assessment and Counseling (FAC) Clinic was initiated to provide women with information about their current fertility status to prevent infertility and smaller families than desired. The aim was to study the predictive value of a risk assessment score based on known fertility risk factors in terms of time to pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective cohort study of the first 570 women attending the FAC Clinic from 2011 to 2013 at Rigshospitalet, Denmark...
March 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Ajesh George, Hannah G Dahlen, Jennifer Reath, Shilpi Ajwani, Sameer Bhole, Andrew Korda, Harrison Ng Chok, Charmaine Miranda, Amy Villarosa, Maree Johnson
BACKGROUND: There is mounting evidence to support the lack of awareness among pregnant women about health consequences and long term risks associated with poor oral hygiene during pregnancy. A recognised and important point of influence is their interaction with health professionals, particularly when receiving Antenatal Care. However, there is limited evidence about the perceptions of ANC providers in Australia toward the provision of perinatal oral healthcare. This study was undertaken to explore the knowledge, attitudes and practices of Antenatal Care (ANC) providers in New South Wales (NSW), Australia providing perinatal oral healthcare and to identify barriers to and predictors of their practices in this area...
December 1, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Elisa Pazzaglia, Julie Praet, Jean Vandromme, Serge Rozenberg
AIM: To assess the attitudes of gynecologists toward symptomatic fibroids and analyze which factors influence their choice of treatment. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We surveyed the attitude of Belgian gynecologists toward patients' cases. We used a vignette of a woman with symptomatic fibroids and modified 3 factors: her age, her parity and her desire for pregnancy, thereby establishing 12 different cases. We ensured that each gynecologist (n=1437) received one case, chosen randomly, by email...
January 2017: Maturitas
Jessica Farren, Maria Jalmbrant, Lieveke Ameye, Karen Joash, Nicola Mitchell-Jones, Sophie Tapp, Dirk Timmerman, Tom Bourne
OBJECTIVES: This is a pilot study to investigate the type and severity of emotional distress in women after early pregnancy loss (EPL), compared with a control group with ongoing pregnancies. The secondary aim was to assess whether miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy impacted differently on the type and severity of psychological morbidity. DESIGN: This was a prospective survey study. Consecutive women were recruited between January 2012 and July 2013. We emailed women a link to a survey 1, 3 and 9 months after a diagnosis of EPL, and 1 month after the diagnosis of a viable ongoing pregnancy...
November 2, 2016: BMJ Open
Alyson Ross, Katharine Touchton-Leonard, Li Yang, Gwenyth Wallen
Yoga therapy may improve a variety of symptoms and health conditions, but little is known about how yoga therapy is being delivered in the real world. The purpose of this study was to describe the delivery of yoga therapy by yoga instructors across the U.S. In this cross-sectional survey, certified instructors were recruited from the Iyengar Yoga National Association, United States (IYNAUS) (n = 966) via an email that contained a link to an anonymous online survey that collected information on demographics, their delivery of yoga therapy, and the health conditions and symptoms seen and records kept by the instructors...
January 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
Cath Rogers, Laurence Lepherd, Rahul Ganguly, Sebastian Jacob-Rogers
PROBLEM: Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is an increasingly commonly diagnosed disability. People with ASD commonly report challenges in social interaction and a heightened sensory perception. These challenges may be particularly difficult for women during pregnancy, birthing and beyond. BACKGROUND: Very little is known about the experiences and needs of birthing women who have ASD. There is a large body of literature about women who have autistic children, but almost nothing about women who may have this disability themselves...
October 14, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
M Bronshtein, Z Blumenfeld, A Khoury, A Gover
OBJECTIVE: To assess the natural history and outcome of fetal pulmonary stenosis (PS), particularly that detected at 14-17 weeks' gestation. METHODS: In this retrospective study we searched an electronic database of women from the general Israeli population attending a private ultrasound institute (Al-Kol ultrasound institute in Haifa) for routine complete early fetal ultrasound, including all fetal systems and a fetal echocardiogram, between 2004 and 2015. Ninety-seven percent of the women were at low risk of fetal malformations, and 3% had risk factors such as maternal Type-1 diabetes mellitus, exposure during pregnancy to teratogenic drugs, or anomalies in previous pregnancies or in other family members...
February 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Alyson Ross, Katherine Touchton-Leonard, Gwenyth Wallen, Li Yang
Yoga therapy may improve a variety of symptoms and health conditions, but little is known about how yoga therapy is being delivered in the real world. The purpose of this study was to describe the delivery of yoga therapy by yoga instructors across the U.S. In this cross-sectional survey, certified instructors were recruited from the Iyengar Yoga National Association, United States (IYNAUS) (n = 966) via an email that contained a link to an anonymous online survey that collected information on demographics, their delivery of yoga therapy, and the health conditions and symptoms seen and records kept by the instructors...
July 27, 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
Eva Haukeland Fredriksen, Janet Harris, Karen Marie Moland
BACKGROUND: The Internet is one of the fastest growing information sources for pregnant women and seems to be used across social and economic strata. However, we still lack knowledge on how interaction in Web-based discussion forums influence maternal health literacy, in terms of how pregnant women access, appraise, and apply information to promote and maintain good health. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand how Web-based discussion forums influence maternal health literacy; hence, we explored the role of interactions in Web-based discussion forums among women who experienced health problems during pregnancy...
May 26, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Jonathan Luke Richardson, Sally Stephens, Simon Hugh Lynton Thomas, Anna Jamry-Dziurla, Lolkje de Jong-van den Berg, Priscilla Zetstra-van der Woude, Maja Laursen, Valerie Hliva, Shahrul Mt-Isa, Alison Bourke, Nancy A Dreyer, Stella Cf Blackburn
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the fetal effects of maternal medication use in pregnancy is often inadequate and current pregnancy pharmacovigilance (PV) surveillance methods have important limitations. Patient self-reporting may be able to mitigate some of these limitations, providing an adequately sized study sample can be recruited. OBJECTIVE: To compare the ability and cost-effectiveness of several direct-to-participant advertising methods for the recruitment of pregnant participants into a study of self-reported gestational exposures and pregnancy outcomes...
January 2016: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
Meredith Barlow, Eve Espey, Lawrence Leeman, Ariel Scott, Tony Ogburn, Rameet Singh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the perceived quality of and satisfaction with sex education among University of New Mexico (UNM) college students. STUDY DESIGN: Survey methods utilized with 18-21- year-old UNM freshmen and sophomores who graduated from a New Mexico high school. The survey included questions about type of sex education, satisfaction with sex education (on a 5-point Likert scale), and impact on sexual decision-making and was emailed to participants. RESULTS: A total of 9,866 surveys were emailed; 2,441 were returned (response rate = 24...
March 2016: Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Barthélémy Tosello, Grace Haddad, Catherine Gire, Marie-Ange Einaudi
OBJECTIVE: Some of the antenatally diagnosed fetal pathologies are unlikely to get compatible with life. Still some women choose to continue with pregnancy. Subsequently, perinatal palliative care (PPC) has become a constructive demarche in such situations. Our study, based on a multicentric survey, reports some cases of fetal pathologies considered as lethal according to perinatal professionals and reveals the decisional process in each case. METHODS: We sent by emails a questionnaire to 434 maternal-fetal medicine specialists and fetal care pediatric specialists at 48 multidisciplinary centers for prenatal diagnosis...
March 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Gyoung Hoon Lee, Hyun Jin Song, Kyu Sup Lee, Young Min Choi
OBJECTIVE: The number of assisted reproductive technology (ART) clinics, ART cycles, clinical pregnancy rate (CPR), and number of newborns conceived using ART have steadily increased in South Korea. This aim of this study was to describe the status of ART in South Korea between January 1 and December 31, 2011. METHODS: A localized online survey was created and sent to all available ART centers via email in 2015. Fresh embryo transfer (FET) cases were categorized depending on whether standard in vitro fertilization, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), or half-ICSI procedures were used...
March 2016: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
Yu Sun, Hong Zhao
PURPOSE: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common complications of pregnancy and is associated with substantially elevated risk of adverse health outcomes for both mothers and offspring. This quasi-experimental trial was conducted to assess whether a lifestyle intervention in early pregnancy can reduce the incidence of GDM and excessive gestational weight (GWG) gain among Chinese overweight women. METHODS: Convenience samples of 74 women in gestational weeks 8-12 with a BMI ≥ 24 kg/m(2) were enrolled...
May 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Adrien Flahault, Denis Trystram, Marie Fouchard, Bertrand Knebelmann, François Nataf, Dominique Joly
BACKGROUND: Despite a high prevalence of intracranial aneurysm (ICA) in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), rupture events are rare. The current recommendations for ICA screening are based on expert opinions and studies with low levels of evidence. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to describe the attitudes of practicing nephrologists in Europe towards screening for ICA using magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). METHODS: We conducted a web-based survey among 1315 European French-speaking nephrologists and nephrology residents...
2016: PloS One
Jamila Arrish, Heather Yeatman, Moira Williamson
BACKGROUND: Maternal nutrition during pregnancy affects the health of the mother and the baby. Midwives are ideally placed to provide nutrition education to pregnant women. There is limited published research evidence of Australian midwives' nutrition knowledge, attitudes and confidence. AIM: To investigate Australian midwives' nutrition knowledge, attitudes and confidence in providing nutrition education during pregnancy. METHODS: Members of the Australian College of Midwives (n=4770) were sent an invitation email to participate in a web-based survey, followed by two reminders...
October 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Mesut Mutluoglu, Suleyman Metin, Ibrahim Arziman, Günalp Uzun, Senol Yildiz
BACKGROUND: The aim of this survey was to identify practice differences in the treatment of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning with hyperbaric oxygen (HBO₂) therapy among centers in Europe. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a commercial online survey website (, we created a questionnaire and invited the medical directors of hyperbaric centers in Europe by email to complete the survey. RESULTS: Sixty-eight centers from 23 countries participated in the survey...
January 2016: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
Yvonne Wagner, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that poor oral health during pregnancy can lead to perinatal complications, such as low birth weight and preterm delivery as well as poor oral health in children. Aim of this study was to assess the German midwives knowledge about oral health and preventive recommendations for pregnant women, infants and young children. METHODS: The nationwide online-survey was conducted with use of a self-developed, pretested and validated standardized questionnaire...
2016: BMC Oral Health
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