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Marisa E Hilliard, Sahar S Eshtehardi, Charles G Minard, Rana Saber, Debbe Thompson, Lefkothea P Karaviti, Yuliana Rojas, Barbara J Anderson
BACKGROUND: Supportive parent involvement for adolescents' type 1 diabetes (T1D) self-management promotes optimal diabetes outcomes. However, family conflict is common and can interfere with collaborative family teamwork. Few interventions have used explicitly strengths-based approaches to help reinforce desired management behaviors and promote positive family interactions around diabetes care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this protocol was to describe the development of a new, strengths-based behavioral intervention for parents of adolescents with T1D delivered via a mobile-friendly Web app called Type 1 Doing Well...
March 13, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Abdul Momin Kazi, Murtaza Ali, Khurram Zubair, Hussain Kalimuddin, Abdul Nafey Kazi, Saleem Perwaiz Iqbal, Jean-Paul Collet, Syed Asad Ali
BACKGROUND: Improved routine immunization (RI) coverage is recommended as the priority public health strategy to decrease vaccine-preventable diseases and eradicate polio in Pakistan and worldwide. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to ascertain whether customized, automated, one-way text messaging (short message service, SMS) reminders delivered to caregivers via mobile phones when a child is due for an RI visit can improve vaccination uptake and timelines in Pakistan...
March 7, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
Robert D Ashford, Kevin Lynch, Brenda Curtis
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorder research and practice have not yet taken advantage of emerging changes in communication patterns. While internet and social media use is widespread in the general population, little is known about how these mediums are used in substance use disorder treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this paper were to provide data on patients' with substance use disorders mobile phone ownership rates, usage patterns on multiple digital platforms (social media, internet, computer, and mobile apps), and their interest in the use of these platforms to monitor personal recovery...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
William Brown, Rebecca Giguere, Alan Sheinfil, Mobolaji Ibitoye, Ivan Balan, Titcha Ho, Benjamin Brown, Luis Quispe, Wichuda Sukwicha, Javier R Lama, Alex Carballo-Diéguez, Ross D Cranston
BACKGROUND: We implemented a text message-based Short Message Service computer-assisted self-interviewing (SMS-CASI) system to aid adherence and monitor behavior in MTN-017, a phase 2 safety and acceptability study of rectally-applied reduced-glycerin 1% tenofovir gel compared to oral emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate tablets. We sought to implement SMS-based daily reminders and product use reporting, in four countries and five languages, and centralize data management/automated-backup...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Svetlana Nikitina, Daniele Didino, Marcos Baez, Fabio Casati
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity has a positive effect on physical health, well-being, and life satisfaction of older adults. However, engaging in regular physical activity can be challenging for the elderly population because of reduced mobility, low motivation, or lack of the proper infrastructures in their communities. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper was to study the feasibility of home-based online group training-under different group cohesion settings-and its effects on adherence and well-being among Russian older adults...
February 27, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Elizabeth Sherman, Kevin Alan Clauson, Shara Elrod, Paula Eckardt, Fadi Alkhateeb, Robin Jacobs
Evidence on the use of short message service (SMS) to improve medication adherence in people living with HIV (PLHIV) is mounting, yet qualitative research on patient perceptions regarding SMS content and utility for HIV/AIDS remains nascent. To explore the experience of receiving medication reminders via SMS among PLHIV, 45 uninsured and underinsured PLHIV nested within the intervention arm of a larger study received daily, 1-way SMS adherence reminders. Qualitative data were collected by face-to-face, structured interview and were analyzed using conventional content analysis methods...
January 2018: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
Ivan Cherrez Ojeda, Emanuel Vanegas, Michell Torres, Juan Carlos Calderón, Erick Calero, Annia Cherrez, Miguel Felix, Valeria Mata, Sofia Cherrez, Daniel Simancas
BACKGROUND: The instantaneous spread of information, low costs, and broad availability of information and communication technologies (ICTs) make them an attractive platform for managing care, patient communication, and medical interventions in cancer treatment. There is little information available in Latin America about the level of usage of ICTs for and by cancer patients. Our study attempts to fill this gap. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the level of ICT use and patterns of preferences among cancer patients...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Daniël van Hassel, Lud van der Velden, Dinny de Bakker, Ronald Batenburg
BACKGROUND: Measuring the working hours of general practitioners (GPs) is an important but complex task due to the effects of bias related to self-reporting, recall, and stress. In this paper we describe the deployment, feasibility, and implementation of an innovative method for measuring, in real time, GPs' working time, plus the response to the study. METHODS: A Short Message Service (SMS) application was developed which sent messages at random to GPs during their working week...
February 20, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Cordellia E Bright
BACKGROUND: Poor medication adherence is a significant problem in individuals with severe mental illness (SMI). About 50% of people with SMI become nonadherent to treatment in the first month following discharge from the hospital. OBJECTIVE: This study examined literature in the past decade (2006-2016) on the use of mobile phone contacts in individuals with SMI to improve medication adherence post hospital discharge. DESIGN: This integrative review used the search terms texting, text messaging, SMS, cell/mobile phone, medication adherence, medication compliance, and mental illness...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Charlotte Anraad, Kei-Long Cheung, Mickaël Hiligsmann, Kathryn Coyle, Doug Coyle, Lesley Owen, Robert West, Hein de Vries, Silvia M Evers, Subhash Pokhrel
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Increasing the reach of smoking cessation services and/or including new but effective medications to the current provision may provide significant health and economic benefits; the scale of such benefits is currently unknown. The aim of this study was to estimate the cost-effectiveness from a health-care perspective of viable national level changes in smoking cessation provision in the Netherlands and England. METHODS: A Markov-based state transition model [European study on Quantifying Utility of Investment in Protection from Tobacco model (EQUIPTMOD)] was used to estimate costs and benefits [expressed in quality-adjusted life years (QALY)] of changing the current provision of smoking cessation programmes in the Netherlands and England...
February 11, 2018: Addiction
Majid Jangi, Cesar Ferandez-de-Las-Penas, Mahmoud Tara, Fateme Moghbeli, Fariba Ghaderi, Khodabakhsh Javanshir
Background: The main goal of physical therapy is to help the patient gain a better health status. Several studies have investigated the use of reminders to prevent such failures on the patients' side. This article presents a systematic review of the literature concerning reminders in physical therapy. Methods: Databases were searched until May 2017 and literatures were found from April 1992 until 2017. The literature recruitment strategy was based on applying several keywords and Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) combination running against title and abstract, including concepts such as reminder, physical therapy...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Lauren M Wegrzyniak, Deborah Hedderly, Kishore Chaudry, Prashanti Bollu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of patient-chosen appointment reminder methods (phone call, e-mail, or SMS text) in reducing no-show rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective case study that determined the correlation between patient-chosen appointment reminder methods and no-show rates in a private orthodontic practice. This study was conducted in a single office location of a multioffice private orthodontic practice using data gathered in 2015...
January 29, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
Kate Jolly, Jenny Ingram, Joanne Clarke, Debbie Johnson, Heather Trickey, Gill Thomson, Stephan U Dombrowski, Alice Sitch, Fiona Dykes, Max G Feltham, Kirsty Darwent, Christine MacArthur, Tracy Roberts, Pat Hoddinott
INTRODUCTION: Breast feeding improves the health of mothers and infants; the UK has low rates, with marked socioeconomic inequalities. While trials of peer support services have been effective in some settings, UK trials have not improved breast feeding rates. Qualitative research suggests that many women are alienated by the focus on breast feeding. We propose a change from breast feeding-focused interactions to respecting a woman's feeding choices, inclusion of behaviour change theory and an increased intensity of contacts in the 2 weeks after birth when many women cease to breast feed...
January 23, 2018: BMJ Open
Kirsten Bobrow, Andrew Farmer, Nomazizi Cishe, Ntobeko Nwagi, Mosedi Namane, Thomas P Brennan, David Springer, Lionel Tarassenko, Naomi Levitt
BACKGROUND: Several frameworks now exist to guide intervention development but there remains only limited evidence of their application to health interventions based around use of mobile phones or devices, particularly in a low-resource setting. We aimed to describe our experience of using the Medical Research Council (MRC) Framework on complex interventions to develop and evaluate an adherence support intervention for high blood pressure delivered by SMS text message. We further aimed to describe the developed intervention in line with reporting guidelines for a structured and systematic description...
January 23, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Daniel O Clark, Preethi Srinivas, Kunal Bodke, NiCole Keith, Sula Hood, Wanzhu Tu
BACKGROUND: Behavioral interventions for weight loss have been less effective in lower income and black women. These poorer outcomes may in part be related to these women having more frequent exposures to social and physical situations that are obesogenic, i.e., eating and sedentary cues or situations. OBJECTIVES: Working with obese, lower income Black and White Women, Addressing People and Place Microenvironments (APP-Me) was designed to create awareness of self-behavior at times and places of frequent eating and sedentary behavior...
January 18, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Milena Soriano Marcolino, João Antonio Queiroz Oliveira, Marcelo D'Agostino, Antonio Luiz Ribeiro, Maria Beatriz Moreira Alkmim, David Novillo-Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone usage has been rapidly increasing worldwide. mHealth could efficiently deliver high-quality health care, but the evidence supporting its current effectiveness is still mixed. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review of systematic reviews to assess the impact or effectiveness of mobile health (mHealth) interventions in different health conditions and in the processes of health care service delivery. METHODS: We used a common search strategy of five major scientific databases, restricting the search by publication date, language, and parameters in methodology and content...
January 17, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Jo Gibbs, Catherine R H Aicken, Lorna J Sutcliffe, Voula Gkatzidou, Laura J Tickle, Kate Hone, S Tariq Sadiq, Pam Sonnenberg, Claudia S Estcourt
OBJECTIVES: Evidence on optimal methods for providing STI test results is lacking. We evaluated an online results service, developed as part of an eSexual Health Clinic (eSHC). METHODS: We evaluated the online results service using a mixed-methods approach within large exploratory studies of the eSHC. Participants were chlamydia- positive and negative users of online postal self-sampling services in six National Chlamydia Screening Programme (NCSP) areas and chlamydia-positive patients from two genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics between 21 July 2014 and 13 March 2015...
January 11, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
Emma Wilson, Caroline Free, Tim P Morris, Jonathan Syred, Irrfan Ahamed, Anatole S Menon-Johansson, Melissa J Palmer, Sharmani Barnard, Emma Rezel, Paula Baraitser
BACKGROUND: Internet-accessed sexually transmitted infection testing (e-STI testing) is increasingly available as an alternative to testing in clinics. Typically this testing modality enables users to order a test kit from a virtual service (via a website or app), collect their own samples, return test samples to a laboratory, and be notified of their results by short message service (SMS) or telephone. e-STI testing is assumed to increase access to testing in comparison with face-to-face services, but the evidence is unclear...
December 2017: PLoS Medicine
Karen Yeates, Norm Campbell, Marion A Maar, Nancy Perkins, Peter Liu, Jessica Sleeth, Carter Smith, Colin McAllister, Diane Hua-Stewart, George Wells, Sheldon W Tobe
BACKGROUND: Hypertension, the leading cause of morbidity and mortality, affects more than 1 billion people and is responsible globally for 10 million deaths annually. Hypertension can be controlled on a national level; in Canada, for example, awareness, treatment, and control improved dramatically from only 16% in 1990 to 66% currently. The ongoing development, dissemination, and implementation of Hypertension Canada's clinical practice guidelines is considered to be responsible, in part, for achieving these high levels of control and the associated improvements in cardiovascular outcomes...
December 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
Daniël van Hassel, Lud van der Velden, Dinny de Bakker, Ronald Batenburg
BACKGROUND: In several countries, the number of hours worked by general practitioners (GPs) has decreased, raising concern about current and impending workforce shortages. This shorter working week has been ascribed both to the feminisation of the workforce and to a younger generation of GPs who prefer more flexible working arrangements. There is, however, limited insight into how the impact of these determinants interact. We investigated the relative importance of differences in GPs' working hours in relation to gender, age, and employment position...
December 19, 2017: Human Resources for Health
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