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Andrew Vanlint, Khai Loon Tam, Solomon Yu, Renuka Visvanathan
OBJECTIVES: An Observed Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) was integrated into the assessment for senior medical students undertaking a 4.5-week geriatric medicine teaching block at one campus. The feasibility and acceptability of an OSCE were examined. METHODS: Students completed eight questions regarding the OSCE using a 6-point Likert scale and two additional questions, using free text, highlighting the strengths and potential areas for improvement. Changes were made every 6 months over a two-year period in response to student evaluation...
September 19, 2016: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Abdullah Kashgary, Roaa Alsolaimani, Mahmoud Mosli, Samer Faraj
INTRODUCTION: In the last few years, the use of telecommunication and mobile technology has grown significantly. This has led to a notable increase in the utilization of this telecommunication in healthcare, namely phone calls and text messaging (SMS). However, evaluating its global impact on improving healthcare processes and outcomes demands a more comprehensive assessment. In this study, we focused on the role of mobile devices via phone calls and SMS in patient-doctor communication, and aimed to assess its impact on various health outcomes...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Dvora Joseph Davey, José António Nhavoto, Orvalho Augusto, Walter Ponce, Daila Traca, Alexandre Nguimfack, Cesar Palha de Sousa
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated whether regular mobile phone text reminders improved patients' retention in antiretroviral therapy (ART) care in Mozambique. DESIGN: SMSaúde was a randomized control trial of HIV-infected patients on ART who received regular text message reminder vs. standard of care at 3 public health facilities in Maputo Province, Mozambique. The primary outcome was retention in HIV care. Between November 2011 and March 2012, 830 eligible HIV-infected patients on ART were randomized 1:1 to the text reminder intervention or standard of care...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Iben Axén, Lennart Bodin
BACKGROUND: Mobile technology has opened opportunities within health care and research to allow for frequent monitoring of patients. This has given rise to detailed longitudinal information and new insights concerning behaviour and development of conditions over time. Responding to frequent questionnaires delivered through mobile technology has also shown good compliance, far exceeding that of traditional paper questionnaires. However, to optimize compliance, the burden on the subjects should be kept at a minimum...
2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Lauren M O'Brien, Tibor P Palfai
BACKGROUND: Healthy eating, such as the regular inclusion of fruits and vegetables in one's diet, is essential for maintaining optimal weight, maximizing brain and immune system functioning, and reducing the risk for disease. Despite its importance, few students meet recommended guidelines for healthy dietary behavior. The current study was designed to test the efficacy of two ehealth intervention approaches for increasing healthy eating behaviors among university students. METHODS: Student volunteers from an introductory psychology class at a northeastern US university participated for class credit (n=154)...
September 1, 2016: Eating Behaviors
Margaret M Thorsen, John V Patena, Kate Morrow Guthrie, Anthony Spirito, Megan L Ranney
At-risk adolescents' comprehension of, and preferences for, the content of a text-message (SMS) delivered, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)-based depression prevention intervention was investigated using two qualitative studies. Adolescents with depressive symptoms and a history of peer violence were recruited from an urban emergency department. Forty-one participants completed semi-structured qualitative interviews. Thematic analysis using deductive and inductive codes were used to capture a priori and emerging themes...
September 3, 2016: Behavioral Medicine
Dickson Shey Nsagha, Innocent Lange, Peter Nde Fon, Jules Clement Nguedia Assob, Elvis Asangbeng Tanue
BACKGROUND: HIV and AIDS are major public health problems in the world and Africa. In Cameroon, the HIV prevalence is 5.1%. Cellphones have been found to be useful in the provision of modern health care services using short message services (SMS). This study assessed the effectiveness of SMS in improving the adherence of people living with HIV and AIDS to their treatment and care in Cameroon. METHODS: This intervention study used a randomized controlled trial design...
2016: Open AIDS Journal
Ibironke Felicia Thomas, Ambrose Onivefu Lawani, Bawo Onesirosan James
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether patients with first-episode psychosis who were seeking treatment at a regional tertiary psychiatric facility for the first time would be more likely to attend their next scheduled clinic visit after receiving short message service (SMS) reminders about the upcoming appointment. METHODS: Two hundred patients seeking treatment for a psychotic episode for the first time were randomly assigned to a control group or an intervention group by using simple randomization...
September 1, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
M Fournier, F d'Arripe-Longueville, R Radel
This study aims to test the efficacy of text messaging cues (SMS) to promote physical activity (PA) habit formation in the workplace. Employees (N = 49; 28 females and 21 males, Mage = 47.5 ± 8.29 years) were randomized into two parallel groups: a PA group enrolled in a 28-week supervised PA program and a PA+SMS group enrolled in the same PA program with text messaging cues received before their PA sessions. The exercise habit was assessed every week from self-reports on an online application. PA maintenance and several physical fitness measures were also assessed prior to and after the intervention to evaluate its general impact...
August 19, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Natascha Wagner, Denis Ouedraogo, Luis Artavia-Mora, Arjun Bedi, Boundia Alexandre Thiombiano
BACKGROUND: Retention in care and adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) is a critical challenge in many African countries including Burkina Faso. Delivering text messaging (short message service, SMS) interventions through mobile phones may help facilitate health service delivery and improve patient health. Despite this potential, no evaluations have been delivered for national scale settings to demonstrate the impact of mobile health (mHealth) for PLHIV...
2016: JMIR Research Protocols
Yanfang Su, Changzheng Yuan, Zhongliang Zhou, Jesse Heitner, Benjamin Campbell
INTRODUCTION: Expectant mothers in low-income and middle-income countries often lack access to vital information about pregnancy, preparation for birth and best practices when caring for their newborn. Innovative solutions are needed to bridge this knowledge gap and dramatically improve maternal and neonatal health in these settings. This study aims to evaluate the impact of an innovative text messaging intervention on maternal and neonatal health outcomes. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study offers expectant mothers in rural China a package of free short messages via cell phone regarding pregnancy and childbirth...
2016: BMJ Open
Elizabeth Morse, Stephanie Mitchell
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to assess the communication preferences and the telephone, text, and e-mail usage of women with limited English proficiency who attended an outpatient women's health clinic. METHODS: This study surveyed a convenience sample (N = 220) of Spanish- and Arabic-speaking women in an obstetrics and gynecology clinic. The survey instrument was designed to capture the experience of women with limited English proficiency who received automated English-only telephone appointment reminders...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Lyndsay A Nelson, Shelagh A Mulvaney, Tebeb Gebretsadik, Kevin B Johnson, Chandra Y Osborn
Adults with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and low socioeconomic status (SES) have high rates of medication nonadherence, and, in turn, suboptimal glycemic control (hemoglobin A1c [HbA1c]). We tested the initial efficacy of a short message service (SMS) text messaging and interactive voice response (IVR) intervention to promote adherence among this high-risk group. Eighty low SES, diverse adults with T2DM used the MEssaging for Diabetes (MED) SMS/IVR intervention for 3 months. We used a pre-post single group design to explore adherence changes over 3 months, and a quasi-experimental design to test the impact of MED on HbA1c among the intervention group relative to a matched, archival control group...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Jonathan E Mayer, Paul Fontelo
For the treatment of HIV, compliance in regard to appointment attendance and medication usage is critical. Various methods have been attempted to increased HIV care compliance, and a method that has inspired many published studies is text message reminders. We conducted a meta-analysis of the literature from inception through May 2016 using the following databases: Pubmed, Embase, CINAHL, Web of Science, and Cochrane. Examples of terms used in the search included exploded versions of "HIV, "AIDS", "cell phone", "SMS", "text message", "reminder"...
August 1, 2016: AIDS Care
Emil Rossing, Henrik Ravn, Celso Soares Pereira Batista, Amabelia Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have revealed a low measles vaccination (MV) rate in the Republic of Guinea-Bissau (West Africa) that has not increased in accordance with the increasing coverage of other vaccinations. Measles is the deadliest of all childhood rash/fever illnesses and spreads easily, implying that if the vaccination coverage is declining there is a significant risk of new measles outbreaks [27]. Meanwhile, mobile health (mHealth; the use of mobile phones for health interventions) has generated much enthusiasm, and shown potential in improving health service delivery in other contexts...
2016: JMIR Research Protocols
Roghayeh Ershad Sarabi, Farahnaz Sadoughi, Roohangiz Jamshidi Orak, Kambiz Bahaadinbeigy
CONTEXT: Medication non-adherence is a commonly observed problem in the self-administration of treatment, regardless of the disease type. Text messaging reminders, as electronic reminders, provide an opportunity to improve medication adherence. In this study, we aimed to provide evidence addressing the question of whether text message reminders were effective in improving patients' adherence to medication. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We carried out a systematic literature search, using the five electronic bibliographic databases: PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and the Cochrane central register of controlled trials...
May 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Seyyed Salman Alavi, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Fereshteh Jannatifard, Soroush Mohammadi Kalhori, Ghazal Sepahbodi, Mohammad BabaReisi, Sahar Sajedi, Mojtaba Farshchi, Rasul KhodaKarami, Vahid Hatami Kasvaee
OBJECTIVE: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) classified mobile phone addiction disorder under "impulse control disorder not elsewhere classified". This study surveyed the diagnostic criteria of DSM-IV-TR for the diagnosis of mobile phone addiction in correspondence with Iranian society and culture. METHOD: Two hundred fifty students of Tehran universities were entered into this descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Fabienne Ligier, Bernard Kabuth, Francis Guillemin
BACKGROUND: Suicide attempt among adolescents is a public health problem around the world. The risk of recurrence is high: about 30 % of adolescents. New ways to prevent suicide attempt recurrence being developed for adult suicide attempters include maintaining contact with them, and results are encouraging. METHODS/DESIGN: The MEDIACONNEX study will be a simple blinded, parallel-group, multicenter randomised controlled trial. It will compare usual care alone to a program based on usual care plus short message service (SMS) provided to adolescents who attempt suicide and who receive treatment in pediatric and adolescent psychiatry units at hospitals in eastern France...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
J Matharu, B Hale, M Ammar, P A Brennan
With the widespread use of smartphones, text messaging has become an accepted form of communication for both social and professional use in medicine. To our knowledge no published studies have assessed the prevalence and use of short message service (SMS) texting by doctors on call. We have used an online questionnaire to seek information from doctors in a large NHS Trust in the UK about their use of texting while on call, what they use it for, and whether they send images relevant to patients' care. We received 302 responses (43% response rate), of whom 166 (55%) used SMS while on call...
July 8, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Masumeh Hemmati Maslakpak, Mahsa Safaie
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is increasing rapidly in developing countries. Today, modern technologies are suggested as the tools used to enhance medication adherence. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of short message service (SMS) to reminder cards with regard to medication adherence in patients with hypertension. METHODS: The present study is a randomized controlled clinical trial. The subjects consisted of 123 patients with hypertension at the clinical-educational center of Sayyed-Al Shohada, Urmia, who met the study criteria...
July 2016: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
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