keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

chads 2

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679690/reduced-body-weight-or-increased-muscle-quality-which-is-more-important-for-improving-physical-function-following-exercise-and-weight-loss-in-overweight-and-obese-older-women
#1
Chad R Straight, Alison C Berg, Rachelle A Reed, Mary Ann Johnson, Ellen M Evans
The purpose of this study was to examine the relative contributions of changes in muscle quality and body composition to changes in lower-extremity physical function (LEPF) following a 6-month exercise and weight loss intervention in overweight and obese older women. Thirty-eight overweight and obese (BMI = 30.0 ± 4.4 kg/m2 ) older (age = 69.3 ± 4.1 y) women completed 6 months of multicomponent exercise (cardiorespiratory, resistance, balance and flexibility training) and weight loss (hypocaloric diet that reduced energy intake by ~500 kcal/d)...
April 18, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676758/learning-from-water-treatment-and-hygiene-interventions-in-response-to-a-hepatitis-e-outbreak-in-an-open-setting-in-chad
#2
Alexander Spina, David Beversluis, Andrea Irwin, Alexandra Chen, Jean Noel Nassariman, Abdelkhadir Ahamat, Idriss Noh, Jan Oosterloo, Prince Alfani, Sibylle Sang, Annick Lenglet, Dawn Louise Taylor
In September 2016, Médecins Sans Frontières responded to a hepatitis E (HEV) outbreak in Chad by implementing water treatment and hygiene interventions. To evaluate the coverage and use of these interventions, we conducted a cross-sectional study in the community. Our results showed that 99% of households interviewed had received a hygiene kit from us, aimed at improving water handling practice and personal hygiene and almost all respondents had heard messages about preventing jaundice and handwashing. Acceptance of chlorination of drinking water was also very high, although at the time of interview, we were only able to measure a safe free residual chlorine level (free chlorine residual (FRC) ≥0...
April 2018: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676162/endoscopic-management-of-primary-obstructive-megaureter-a-systematic-review
#3
Alexander D Doudt, Chad R Pusateri, Matthew Christman
BACKGROUND: The gold standard treatment for primary obstructive megaureter (POM) with declining renal function, worsening obstruction, or recurrent infections is ureteral re-implantation with or without tapering. In infants, open surgery can be technically demanding and associated with significant morbidity. We conducted a systematic review of the literature with special interest in endoscopic management of POM and its outcomes. METHODS: A search was conducted of the MEDLINE/Ovid, PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670341/usefulness-of-the-chads-2-and-r-2-chads-2-scores-for-prognostic-stratification-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#4
Yuerui Li, Juan Wang, Lyu Lv, Cui Xu, Hongbin Liu
Objective: The current risk model for long-term prediction in coronary artery disease (CAD) is complicated, while a simple useful model is still lacking. We aim to investigate if CHADS2 and R2 CHADS2 scores could predict long-term outcome for patients with CAD. Patients and methods: We enrolled 3,700 patients with CAD between November 2010 and September 2014 at the Department of Cardiology from Chinese PLA General Hospital. The CHADS2 and R2 CHADS2 scores were calculated...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668884/statin-coadministration-increases-the-risk-of-daptomycin-associated-myopathy
#5
Ryan K Dare, Chad Tewell, Bryan Harris, Patty W Wright, Sara L Van Driest, Eric Farber-Eger, George E Nelson, Thomas R Talbot
Background: Daptomycin-associated myopathy has been identified in 2-14% of patients, and rhabdomyolysis is a known adverse effect. Although risk factors for daptomycin-associated myopathy are poorly defined, creatine phosphokinase (CPK) monitoring and temporary discontinuation of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, or "statins", has been recommended. Methods: We conducted a single-center, retrospective, matched case-control risk factor analysis in adult and pediatric patients from 2004-2015...
April 16, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663576/neuroprotection-by-post-stroke-administration-of-an-oral-formulation-of-angiotensin-1-7-in-ischemic-stroke
#6
Douglas M Bennion, Chad H Jones, Lauren L Donnangelo, Justin T Graham, Jacob D Isenberg, Alex N Dang, Vermali Rodriguez, Ruben D M Sinisterra, Frederico B Sousa, Robson A S Santos, Colin Sumners
NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? Angiotensin-(1-7) decreases cerebral infarct volume and improves neurological function when delivered centrally prior to and during ischemic stroke. Here, we assessed the neuroprotective effects of angiotensin-(1-7) when delivered orally post-stroke. What is the main finding and its importance? We show that oral delivery of angiotensin-(1-7) attenuates cerebral damage induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats, without affecting blood pressure or cerebral blood flow...
April 16, 2018: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663341/perceptions-of-risk-of-infertility-among-male-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-a-report-from-the-childhood-cancer-survivor-study
#7
Jordan Gilleland Marchak, Kristy D Seidel, Ann C Mertens, Chad W M Ritenour, Karen Wasilewski-Masker, Wendy M Leisenring, Charles A Sklar, Jennifer S Ford, Kevin R Krull, Marilyn Stovall, Leslie L Robison, Gregory T Armstrong, Lillian R Meacham
BACKGROUND: The objective of the current study was to characterize and identify factors associated with perceptions of risk of infertility among adult male survivors of childhood cancer. METHODS: A total of 1233 adult male survivors from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study who were without a history of disease recurrence or subsequent malignancy reported their perceptions of their risk of infertility compared with men never diagnosed with cancer. Survivors were a median age of 37...
April 17, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661283/2-octylcyanoacrylate-for-the-prevention-of-anastomotic-leak
#8
Anthony B Costales, Deepa Patil, Anny Mulya, John P Kirwan, Chad M Michener
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leak after colorectal surgery is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a reinforced colo-colonic anastomosis with tissue adhesive, 2-octylcyanoacrylate (2-OCA), on the integrity of anastomotic healing as measured by anastomotic bursting pressure. METHODS: Sixty-eight female Sprague-Dawley rats underwent a rectosigmoid colon transection and a sutured end-to-end anastomosis followed by randomization to receive no further intervention or reinforcement with the tissue adhesive, 2-OCA...
June 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659923/a-nonsynonymous-variant-in-the-golm1-gene-in-cutaneous-malignant-melanoma
#9
Craig C Teerlink, Chad Huff, Jeff Stevens, Yao Yu, Sheri L Holmen, Mark R Silvis, Kirby Trombetti, Hua Zhao, Douglas Grossman, James M Farnham, Jingran Wen, Julio C Facelli, Alun Thomas, Markus Babst, Scott R Florell, Laurence Meyer, John J Zone, Sancy Leachman, Lisa A Cannon-Albright
Background: Statistically significant linkage of melanoma to chromosome 9q21 was previously reported in a Danish pedigree resource and independently confirmed in Utah high-risk pedigrees, indicating strong evidence that this region contains a melanoma predisposition gene. Methods: Whole-exome sequencing of pairs of related melanoma case subjects from two pedigrees with evidence of 9q21 linkage was performed to identify the responsible predisposition gene. Candidate variants were tested for association with melanoma in an independent set of 454 unrelated familial melanoma case subjects and 396 unrelated cancer-free control subjects from Utah, and 1534 melanoma case subjects and 1146 noncancer control subjects from Texas (MD Anderson) via a two-sided Fisher exact test...
April 11, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657592/design-and-baseline-characteristics-of-the-xarelto-post-authorization-safety-effectiveness-study-in-japanese-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-xapass
#10
Satoshi Ogawa, Kazuo Minematsu, Takanori Ikeda, Takanari Kitazono, Jyoji Nakagawara, Susumu Miyamoto, Yuji Murakawa, Yohei Ohashi, Makiko Takeichi, Yutaka Okayama, Satoshi Yamanaka, Lyo Inuyama
Background: The phase III Japanese Rivaroxaban Once-Daily Oral Direct Factor Xa Inhibition Compared with Vitamin K Antagonism for Prevention of Stroke and Embolism Trial in Atrial Fibrillation (J-ROCKET AF) showed that the rivaroxaban group had a lower event rate of intracranial bleeding than the warfarin group and that rivaroxaban was noninferior to warfarin for the principal safety outcome. However, safety and effectiveness data from unselected patients with AF in everyday clinical practice in Japan are lacking...
April 2018: Journal of Arrhythmia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630006/reliability-and-validity-of-the-patient-specific-functional-scale-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#11
Ruth Ann Mathis, J David Taylor, Brian H Odom, Chad Lairamore
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Clinical measurement of physical function that is both specific to the individual and generates comparable outcome data is a fundamental need in physical therapy examination. The Patient-Specific Functional Scale (PSFS) has been found to be a reliable and valid measure of physical function in patients with musculoskeletal disorders and may have applications for other patient populations. However, the reliability and the validity of the PSFS have not been evaluated in older adults...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629800/comparison-of-visualization-rates-of-li-rads-version-2014-major-features-with-iv-gadobenate-dimeglumine-or-gadoxetate-disodium-in-patients-at-risk-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#12
Brian C Allen, Lisa M Ho, Tracy A Jaffe, Chad M Miller, Maciej A Mazurowski, Mustafa R Bashir
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to compare visualization rates of the major features covered by Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) version 2014 in patients at risk for hepatocellular carcinoma using either gadobenate dimeglumine or gadoxetate disodium IV contrast agent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included liver MRI examinations performed with either gadobenate dimeglumine or gadoxetate disodium contrast enhancement. Using age, sex, underlying liver disease, and presence of cirrhosis, patients were placed into matched cohorts...
April 9, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628292/functional-guided-radiotherapy-using-knowledge-based-planning
#13
Austin M Faught, Lindsey Olsen, Leah Schubert, Chad Rusthoven, Edward Castillo, Richard Castillo, Jingjing Zhang, Thomas Guerrero, Moyed Miften, Yevgeniy Vinogradskiy
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are two significant challenges when implementing functional-guided radiotherapy using 4DCT-ventilation imaging: (1) lack of knowledge of realistic patient specific dosimetric goals for functional lung and (2) ensuring consistent plan quality across multiple planners. Knowledge-based planning (KBP) is positioned to address both concerns. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A KBP model was created from 30 previously planned functional-guided lung patients...
April 5, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623673/the-relationship-between-age-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-patients-undergoing-pancreatic-resection
#14
Derrick Antoniak, Chandrakanth Are, Chad Vokoun, Kaeli Samson, Lynette Smith, Jason Shiffermiller
BACKGROUND: Severe chronic kidney disease (CKD) predicts adverse outcomes in patients undergoing pancreatectomy, but the impact of milder CKD is unknown. Additionally, some authors have suggested that, due to physiologic changes of aging, CKD is over-diagnosed in patients above age 65. METHODS: Patients undergoing pancreatectomy for malignancy from 2005 to 2014 were identified from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program. Primary outcomes were all-cause mortality and major complication, defined as myocardial infarction, cardiac arrest, stroke, venous thromboembolism, respiratory failure, deep surgical site infection, pneumonia, acute kidney injury, coma > 24 h, or re-operation occurring within 30 days of surgery...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620815/a-descriptive-study-of-patients-receiving-foundational-financial-assistance-through-local-specialty-pharmacies
#15
Julia Zhu, Randall Odebralski, Safia Boghani, Clorinda Walley, Frank Koen, Chad Conley, Heather S Kirkham
OBJECTIVES: To describe the population of patients who received financial assistance from the Good Days Foundation (GDF) as facilitated by Walgreens local specialty pharmacies (LSPs). STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective descriptive study. METHODS: This study used a joint foundational and pharmacy claim database between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2016. RESULTS: Among 1572 eligible patients who received GDF financial assistance as facilitated by Walgreens LSPs, 1524 had disease state information and 14 of these patients receveived financial assistance for 2 disease states (patient count denominator, 1538)...
March 2018: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609709/integrating-the-divided-nasal-cannula-into-routine-polysomnography-to-assess-nasal-cycle-feasibility-and-effect-on-outcomes
#16
Marcelo Scapuccin, Logan Schneider, Nur Rashid, Soroush Zaghi, Talita Rosa, Yung-An Tsuo, Stanley Liu, Paulo Lazarini, Robson Capasso, Chad Ruoff
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Patients suspected to have sleep-disordered breathing underwent an overnight polysomnography using a divided nasal cannula to gain additional information about the nasal cycle during sleep. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational cohort study replacing the undivided nasal cannula with a divided nasal cannula during routine polysomnography (n = 28). RESULTS: Integration of the divided nasal cannula pressure transducer system into routine polysomnography was easy and affordable...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608480/orbital-fracture-reconstruction-using-prebent-anatomic-titanium-plates-technical-tips-to-avoid-complications
#17
Chad A Purnell, Elbert E Vaca, Marco F Ellis
Orbital fractures are common. In patients where there is significant loss of the medial wall and orbital floor, anatomic prebent 3-dimensional plates allow efficacious restoration of orbital volume. However, the large size of these plates can result in technical difficulties with plate placement, especially in fractures with complete loss of 2 walls of the orbit. In this article, the authors review the pertinent anatomy of the bony orbit with respect to fracture and landmarks in fracture reduction. The authors also note the 3 most commonly encountered problems with the placement of anatomic plates: poor exposure, failure to identify the posterior ledge for the plate, and rotational issues with plate placement resulting in impingement...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606581/rim-c-2-b-domains-target-presynaptic-active-zone-functions-to-pip-2-containing-membranes
#18
Arthur P H de Jong, Carlos M Roggero, Meng-Ru Ho, Man Yan Wong, Chad A Brautigam, Josep Rizo, Pascal S Kaeser
Rapid and efficient synaptic vesicle fusion requires a pool of primed vesicles, the nearby tethering of Ca2+ channels, and the presence of the phospholipid PIP2 in the target membrane. Although the presynaptic active zone mediates the first two requirements, it is unclear how fusion is targeted to membranes with high PIP2 content. Here we find that the C2 B domain of the active zone scaffold RIM is critical for action potential-triggered fusion. Remarkably, the known RIM functions in vesicle priming and Ca2+ influx do not require RIM C2 B domains...
March 29, 2018: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605150/inferomedial-hip-center-decreases-failure-rates-in-cementless-total-hip-arthroplasty-for-crowe-ii-and-iii-hip-dysplasia
#19
Chad D Watts, John R Martin, Keith A Fehring, William L Griffin
BACKGROUND: We sought to evaluate the outcomes of cementless acetabular components used in patients with Crowe II and III dysplasia, and to compare outcomes between cups placed within vs outside of an "anatomic" zone. Our specific aims were to (1) plot hip centers in these patients at our institution to characterize "anatomic" vs "nonanatomic" positions, (2) evaluate the association between hip center and radiographic loosening, (3) determine whether hip center was associated with acetabular component revision, and (4) compare patient-reported outcome scores between groups...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604193/resting-metabolic-rate-total-daily-energy-expenditure-and-metabolic-adaptation-6-months-and-24-months-after-bariatric-surgery
#20
Bruce M Wolfe, Dale A Schoeller, Shelly K McCrady-Spitzer, Diana M Thomas, Chad E Sorenson, James A Levine
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about long-term metabolic (energy expenditure) adaptation after bariatric surgery. METHODS: Resting metabolic rate under basal conditions (RMR), total daily energy expenditure (TDEE), and body composition were measured in 25 participants in the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery-2. RESULTS: Six months after surgery, BMI (±SD) decreased (47 ± 6 kg/m2 to 37 ± 5 kg/m2 ), body fat went from 48% ± 6% to 40% ± 6% fat, and fat-free mass went from 67 ± 9 kg to 60 ± 9 kg...
March 31, 2018: Obesity
keyword
keyword
59314
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"