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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454273/mechanosensitive-adhesion-complexes-in-epithelial-architecture-and-cancer-onset
#1
REVIEW
Minerva Bosch-Fortea, Fernando Martín-Belmonte
Mechanical signals from the extracellular space are paramount to coordinate tissue morphogenesis and homeostasis. Although there is a wide variety of cellular mechanisms involved in transducing extracellular forces, recent literature emphasizes the central role of two main adhesion complexes in epithelial mechanosensitive processes: focal adhesions and adherens junctions. These biomechanical sensors can decode physical signals such as matrix stiffness or intercellular tension into a wide range of coordinated cellular responses, which can impact cell differentiation, migration, and proliferation...
February 14, 2018: Current Opinion in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454234/diarylheptanoid-from-rhizomes-of-curcuma-kwangsiensis-dck-inhibited-imiquimod-induced-dendritic-cells-activation-and-th1-th17-differentiation
#2
Qing Liu, Wei Yin, Ling Han, Jiaoyan Lv, Bingji Li, Yuli Lin, Qingsheng Mi, Rui He, Chuanjian Lu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECT: Dendritic cells (DCs) are critical for initiating the activation and differentiation of T cells in inflammatory diseases including psoriasis. Curcuma kwangsiensis S.G. Lee & C.F. Liang is a herb for treating psoriasis and we previously found Diarylheptanoid from rhizomes of Curcuma kwangsiensis (DCK) inhibited keratinocytes proliferation. However, it is unknown whether DCK influences DC functions. Thus we aimed to explore whether DCK affect the major immunological functions of DCs...
February 14, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454215/effect-based-trigger-values-for-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-bioassays-performed-on-surface-water-extracts-supporting-the-environmental-quality-standards-eqs-of-the-european-water-framework-directive
#3
Beate I Escher, Selim Aїt-Aїssa, Peter A Behnisch, Werner Brack, François Brion, Abraham Brouwer, Sebastian Buchinger, Sarah E Crawford, David Du Pasquier, Timo Hamers, Karina Hettwer, Klára Hilscherová, Henner Hollert, Robert Kase, Cornelia Kienle, Andrew J Tindall, Jochen Tuerk, Ron van der Oost, Etienne Vermeirssen, Peta A Neale
Effect-based methods including cell-based bioassays, reporter gene assays and whole-organism assays have been applied for decades in water quality monitoring and testing of enriched solid-phase extracts. There is no common EU-wide agreement on what level of bioassay response in water extracts is acceptable. At present, bioassay results are only benchmarked against each other but not against a consented measure of chemical water quality. The EU environmental quality standards (EQS) differentiate between acceptable and unacceptable surface water concentrations for individual chemicals but cannot capture the thousands of chemicals in water and their biological action as mixtures...
February 14, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454158/polyisocyanopeptide-hydrogels-a-novel-thermo-responsive-hydrogel-supporting-pre-vascularization-and-the-development-of-organotypic-structures
#4
Jakub Zimoch, Joan Simó Padial, Agnes S Klar, Queralt Vallmajo-Martin, Martin Meuli, Thomas Biedermann, Christopher J Wilson, Alan Rowan, Ernst Reichmann
Molecular and mechanical interactions with the 3D extracellular matrix are essential for cell functions such as survival, proliferation, migration, and differentiation. Thermo-responsive biomimetic polyisocyanopeptide (PIC) hydrogels are promising new candidates for 3D cell, tissue, and organ cultures. This is a synthetic, thermo-responsive and stress-stiffening material synthesized via polymerization of the corresponding monomers using a nickel perchlorate as a catalyst. It can be tailored to meet various demands of cells by modulating its stiffness and through the decoration of the polymer with short GRGDS peptides using copper free click chemistry...
February 14, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454151/humoral-response-to-john-cunningham-virus-during-pregnancy-in-multiple-sclerosis
#5
M Saraste, S Atula, K Hedman, S Hurme, A Jalkanen, M Sneck, H-M Surcel, A H Maghzi, L Airas
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy induces an immunosuppressive state in the mother to ensure immunological acceptance of the foetus. Impairment of cell-mediated immune responses may render the mother susceptible to intracellular pathogens. It is not presently known whether pregnancy alters the immunosurveillance for John Cunningham virus (JCV), an opportunistic pathogen associated with natalizumab treatment for multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the humoral immune response to JCV is altered during pregnancy among MS patients and healthy controls to get insight to potential pregnancy-induced alterations related to immune response to JCV during pregnancy...
February 9, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454112/comparative-proteomic-analysis-of-the-maize-responses-to-early-leaf-senescence-induced-by-preventing-pollination
#6
Liancheng Wu, Shunxi Wang, Lei Tian, Liuji Wu, Mingna Li, Jun Zhang, Pei Li, Weiqiang Zhang, Yanhui Chen
The aim of this study was to explore the molecular mechanisms of induced leaf senescence by preventing pollination in maize using a proteomic method combined with other physiological methods. An elite maize inbred line Yu816 were selected for evaluation of its senescence mechanism. Phenotypic and chlorophyll content analysis revealed that the onset of leaf senescence occurred earlier in non-pollinated (NONPOL) leaves than pollinated (POL) leaves. Leaf protein species of NONPOL and POL leaves were separately extracted and their proteomes were assessed using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) analysis...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454095/an-esophageal-adenocarcinoma-susceptibility-locus-at-9q22-also-confers-risk-to-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-by-regulating-the-function-of-barx1
#7
Caiwang Yan, Yong Ji, Tongtong Huang, Fei Yu, Yong Gao, Yayun Gu, Qi Qi, Jiangbo Du, Juncheng Dai, Hongxia Ma, Guangfu Jin
Genome wide association studies (GWAS) have identified a series of genetic variants associated with the risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC)/Barrett's esophagus (BE), which was different from those loci for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). It is important to evaluate whether these susceptibility loci for EAC/BE are also implicated in ESCC development. In the current study, we analyzed genetic variants at 3p13, 9q22, 16q24 and 19p13 in a case-control study including 2139 ESCC patients and 2463 cancer-free controls in a Chinese population, and further characterized the biological relevance of genetic variants by functional assays...
February 14, 2018: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454093/silencing-circular-rna-hsa_circ_0000977-suppresses-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-progression-by-stimulating-mir-874-3p-and-inhibiting-plk1-expression
#8
Wen-Jie Huang, Yun-Chao Wang, Song-Song Liu, Jia-Li Yang, Shi-Xiang Guo, Li-Jiang Wang, Huai-Zhi Wang, Ying-Fang Fan
Circular RNAs (CircRNAs) are a novel type of endogenous noncoding RNAs that regulate target gene expression by interacting with microRNA (miRNA). Emerging evidence shows that dysregulation of circRNAs plays important roles in biological and pathological processes, including cancer development and progression. The functional role of circRNA in PDAC (pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma) remains to be investigated. In this study, high throughput microarray assay revealed that hsa_circ_0000977 was aberrantly up-regulated in pancreatic cancer tissues; this was also validated by qRT-PCR...
February 14, 2018: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454090/characterization-of-vasa-homolog-in-a-neotropical-catfish-jundi%C3%A3-rhamdia-quelen-molecular-cloning-and-expression-analysis-during-embryonic-and-larval-development
#9
Juliana M B Ricci, Emanuel R M Martinez, Arno J Butzge, Lucas B Doretto, Marcos A Oliveira, Robie Allan Bombardelli, Jan Bogerd, Rafael H Nóbrega
We have characterized the full-length vasa cDNA from Jundiá, Rhamdia quelen (Heptapteridae, Siluriformes). vasa encodes a member of the DEAD-box protein family of ATP-dependent RNA helicases. This protein is highly conserved among different organisms and its role is associated with RNA metabolism. In the majority of the investigated species, vasa is restricted to the germ cell lineage and its expression has been used to study germline development in many organisms, including fish. The deduced R. quelen vasa amino acid sequence displayed high similarity with Vasa protein sequences from other organisms, and did not cluster with PL10 or P68 DEAD-box protein subfamilies...
February 14, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454076/the-biological-basis-of-treating-jaw-discrepancies-an-interplay-of-mechanical-forces-and-skeletal-configuration
#10
REVIEW
Konstantinos Karamesinis, Efthimia K Basdra
Jaw discrepancies and malrelations affect a large proportion of the general population and their treatment is of utmost significance for individuals' health and quality of life. The aim of their therapy is the modification of aberrant jaw development mainly by targeting the growth potential of the mandibular condyle through its cartilage, and the architectural shape of alveolar bone through a suture type of structure, the periodontal ligament. This targeted treatment is achieved via external mechanical force application by using a wide variety of intraoral and extraoral appliances...
February 14, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454038/dendritic-cells-as-cancer-therapeutics
#11
REVIEW
Christian E Bryant, Sarah Sutherland, Benjamin Kong, Michael S Papadimitrious, Derek N J Hart
The ability of immune therapies to control cancer has recently generated intense interest. This therapeutic outcome is reliant on T cell recognition of tumour cells. The natural function of dendritic cells (DC) is to generate adaptive responses, by presenting antigen to T cells, hence they are a logical target to generate specific anti-tumour immunity. Our understanding of the biology of DC is expanding, and they are now known to be a family of related subsets with variable features and function. Most clinical experience to date with DC vaccination has been using monocyte-derived DC vaccines...
February 14, 2018: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453973/pax5-haploinsufficiency-induce-cancer-cell-dormancy-in-raji-cells
#12
Xue Liang, Jia Gu, TongJuan Li, Lei Zhao, Xing Fu, Wei Zhang, Jue Wang, Zhen Shang, Wei Huang, Jianfeng Zhou
PAX5 mutations have important role in leukemogenesis and leukemia relapse, cancer cell dormancy participates in cancer relapse, but there was no report about PAX5 mutation inducing cancer cell dormancy. we constructed the PAX5 deletion Raji cell lines using gene editing technology, evaluated dormancy biological characteristics of cell lines. Our results showed PAX5 haploinsufficiency restrained the proliferation of Raji cells, induced G0/G1 arrest of Raji cells, reduced chemotherapy sensitivity. The tumor formation rate reduced in PAX5 mutation Raji cells...
February 14, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453966/gamma-irradiation-inactivates-honey-bee-fungal-microsporidian-and-viral-pathogens-and-parasites
#13
Michael Simone-Finstrom, Kate Aronstein, Michael Goblirsch, Frank Rinkevich, Lilia de Guzman
Managed honey bee (Apis mellifera) populations are currently facing unsustainable losses due to a variety of factors. Colonies are challenged with brood pathogens, such as the fungal agent of chalkbrood disease, the microsporidian gut parasite Nosema sp., and several viruses. These pathogens may be transmitted horizontally from worker to worker, vertically from queen to egg and via vectors like the parasitic mite, Varroa destructor. Despite the fact that these pathogens are widespread and often harbored in wax comb that is reused from year to year and transferred across beekeeping operations, few, if any, universal treatments exist for their control...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453903/tracking-the-dynamic-folding-and-unfolding-of-rna-g-quadruplexes-in-live-cells
#14
Xiu-Cai Chen, Shuo-Bin Chen, Jing Dai, Jia-Hao Yuan, Tian-Miao Ou, Zhi-Shu Huang, Jia-Heng Tan
Due to the absence of methods for tracking RNA G-quadruplex dynamics, especially the folding and unfolding of this attractive structure in live cells, understanding of the biological roles of RNA G-quadruplexes is so far limited. Here we reported a new red-emitting fluorescent probe, QUMA-1, for a selective, continuous and real-time visualization of RNA G-quadruplexes in live cells. The applications of QUMA-1 in several previously intractable applications, including live-cell imaging of the dynamic folding, unfolding and movement of RNA G-quadruplexes and visualizing the unwinding of RNA G-quadruplexes by RNA helicase have been demonstrated...
February 17, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453877/significance-of-mitochondria-on-cardiometabolic-syndromes
#15
REVIEW
Nair Anupama, G Sindhu, K G Raghu
Metabolic syndromes (MS) are a cluster of disorders like obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes. Cardiometabolic syndrome (CMS), a branch of MS, is a group of diseases affecting cardiovascular, renal, metabolic, prothrombotic and inflammatory abnormalities due to defects in energy metabolism. Since the emergence of molecular biology and the discovery of pathogenic mitochondrial DNA defect in the 1980s, research advances has revealed a number of common human disease involving mitochondrial dysfunction...
February 17, 2018: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453779/mitochondrial-cytochrome-p450-cyp-1b1-is-responsible-for-melatonin-induced-apoptosis-in-neural-cancer-cells
#16
Zhenlong Yu, Xiangge Tian, Yuling Peng, Zheng Sun, Chao Wang, Ning Tang, Bin Li, Yuqing Jian, Wei Wang, Xiaokui Huo, Xiaochi Ma
Melatonin is an endogenous indoleamine with a wide range of biological functions in the various organisms from bacteria to mammals. Evidence indicates that melatonin facilitates apoptosis in cancer cells and enhances the anti-tumor activity of chemotherapy in animals and clinical studies. However, the melatonin metabolism and the key metabolic targets in cancer cells still remain unknown. In this study, U118 and SH-SY5Y tumor cell lines were used to investigate the metabolic pathways of melatonin in cancer cells...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Pineal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453655/proteomic-and-genomic-responses-of-plants-to-nutritional-stress
#17
REVIEW
Rout George Kerry, Gyana Prakash Mahapatra, Sushmita Patra, Santi Lata Sahoo, Chinmay Pradhan, Bijaya Kumar Padhi, Jyoti Ranjan Rout
Minerals or trace elements in small amount are essential nutrients for every plant, but when the internal concentration exceeds the threshold, these essential elements do create phytotoxicity. Plant responses to elemental stresses are very common due to different anthropogenic activities; however it is a complex phenomenon with individual characteristics for various species. To cope up with the situation, a plant produces a group of strategies both in proteomic and genomic level to overcome it. Controlling the metal stress is known to activate a multigene response resulting in the changes in various proteins, which directly affects almost all biological processes in a living cell...
February 16, 2018: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453572/proteome-profiling-of-sertoli-cells-using-a-gelc-ms-ms-strategy
#18
Rita Ferreira, Fábio Trindade, Rui Vitorino
Proteomics is a technology that allows to decipher the molecular networks involved in the regulation of biological processes such as spermatogenesis. Sertoli cells (SCs) are key players in the paracrine control of this process. Envisioning to increase the knowledge on the molecular networks harbored in SCs, we propose a methodology based on GeLC-MS/MS for the characterization of these cells' proteome. Proteins are separated by SDS-PAGE hyphenated to HPLC and identified by mass spectrometry. The integration of data with bioinformatics tools such as ClueGO + CluePedia from Cytoscape allows the identification of the biological pathways more prevalent in SCs, and that might be modulated by pathophysiological conditions...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453571/assessing-sertoli-cell-metabolic-activity
#19
Ivana Jarak, Pedro F Oliveira, Gustavo Rindone, Rui A Carvalho, María N Galardo, María F Riera, Silvina B Meroni, Marco G Alves
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based metabolomics is widely used in the research of metabolic conditions of complex biological systems under various conditions, and its use has been found in the field of male fertility. Here we describe the implementation of total and targeted NMR-based metabolomics in the research on Sertoli cell metabolism. Main principles and techniques of cell medium, cellular extracts, and intact cells are explained, as well as some classical experiments that can give complementary information on the Sertoli cell metabolism...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453547/using-of-quantum-dots-in-biology-and-medicine
#20
Svetlana Pleskova, Elza Mikheeva, Ekaterina Gornostaeva
Quantum dots are nanoparticles, which due to their unique physical and chemical (first of all optical) properties, are promising in biology and medicine. There are many ways for quantum dots synthesis, both in the form of nanoislands self-forming on the surfaces, which can be used as single-photon emitters in electronics for storing information, and in the form of colloidal quantum dots for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes in living systems. The paper describes the main methods of quantum dots synthesis and summarizes medical and biological ways of their use...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
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