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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818248/cancer-risk-promoting-information-the-communication-environment-of-young-adults
#1
Rachel F McCloud, Racquel E Kohler, K Viswanath
Young adulthood represents a time of myriad transitions, which leave young adults (YAs) more susceptible to the influences of cancer risk-promoting information. The tobacco, alcohol, indoor tanning, and food and beverage industries engage in aggressive marketing strategies through both traditional and social media to target this age group to consume their products, which have known links to cancer. Despite this barrage of messaging, detailed data are lacking on the communication behaviors of subgroups of this diverse age group, particularly those from low SES...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817178/re-making-the-global-economy-of-knowledge-do-new-fields-of-research-change-the-structure-of-north-south-relations
#2
Raewyn Connell, Rebecca Pearse, Fran Collyer, João Maia, Robert Morrell
How is global-North predominance in the making of organized knowledge affected by the rise of new domains of research? This question is examined empirically in three interdisciplinary areas - climate change, HIV-AIDS, and gender studies - through interviews with 70 researchers in Southern-tier countries Brazil, South Africa and Australia. The study found that the centrality of the North was reinstituted as these domains came into existence, through resource inequalities, workforce mechanisms, and intellectual framing...
August 17, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815801/chronic-widespread-pain-prevalence-in-the-general-population-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
P Andrews, M Steultjens, J Riskowski
Chronic widespread pain (CWP) is a significant burden in communities. Understanding the impact of population-dependent (e.g., age, gender) and contextual-dependent (e.g. survey method, region, inequality level) factors have on CWP prevalence may provide a foundation for population-based strategies to address CWP. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to estimate the global prevalence of CWP and evaluate the population and contextual factors associated with CWP. A systematic review of CWP prevalence studies (1990-2017) in the general population was undertaken...
August 17, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814339/social-disparities-in-body-mass-index-bmi-trajectories-among-chinese-adults-in-1991-2011
#4
Changchun Fang, Ying Liang
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a serious public health problem in China. The relationship between obesity and socio-economic status (SES) is changing and affected by uncertainty, particularly, in developing countries. The sex-related differences in body mass index (BMI) trajectories are controversial and require substantial empirical data for updating and enriching. METHODS: This study examined the relationship between SES and BMI in Chinese adults from a dynamic perspective using longitudinal data (1991-2011) from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS)...
August 16, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814104/factors-associated-with-low-neighborhood-cohesion-among-women-living-with-hiv-impacted-by-social-structural-inequities-in-british-columbia
#5
Kalysha Closson, Alexis K Palmer, Alexandra B Collins, Kate Salters, Wendy Zhang, Julio S G Montaner, Robert S Hogg, Surita Parashar
Built and social environments, including one's perception of their environment, are important determinants of health. The intersection of gender and HIV status may complicate the role of neighborhood cohesion in safety, personal well-being, and health outcomes for populations impacted by social and structural inequities. Among women in particular, social cohesion within the neighborhood they reside in may have a greater influence on health outcomes compared to their male counterparts. We sought to examine perception of neighborhood cohesion (validated scale with a range 0-100, with higher scores indicating higher perceived neighborhood cohesion) among women living with HIV, impacted by social-structural inequities, receiving combination antiretroviral therapy, and enrolled in the Longitudinal Investigations into Supportive Ancillary health services (LISA) study in British Columbia, Canada...
August 17, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813467/meat-consumption-reduction-in-italian-regions-health-co-benefits-and-decreases-in-ghg-emissions
#6
Sara Farchi, Manuela De Sario, Enrica Lapucci, Marina Davoli, Paola Michelozzi
INTRODUCTION: Animal agriculture has exponentially grown in recent decades in response to the rise in global demand for meat, even in countries like Italy that traditionally eat a Mediterranean, plant-based diet. Globalization related dietary changes are contributing to the epidemic of non-communicable diseases and to the global climate crisis, and are associated with huge carbon and water footprints. The objective of the study is to assess inequalities in health impacts and in attributable greenhouse gases-GHG emissions in Italy by hypothesizing different scenarios of reduction in red and processed meat consumption towards healthier consumption patterns more compliant with the recommendations of the Mediterranean food pyramid...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803723/perceived-social-support-among-patients-with-burn-injuries-a-perspective-from-the-developing-world
#7
Ahmed Waqas, Marvee Turk, Sadiq Naveed, Atif Amin, Harriet Kiwanuka, Neha Shafique, Muhammad Ashraf Chaudhry
BACKGROUND: Social support is among the most well-established predictors of post-burn psychopathology after burn. Despite a disproportionately large burden of burns in the developing world, the nature of social support among burn patients in this context remains elusive. We, therefore, seek to investigate social support and its biopsychosocial determinants among patients with burn injuries in Pakistan. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 343 patients presenting with burn injuries at four teaching hospitals in the Punjab province of Pakistan was conducted...
August 10, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802181/temporal-change-to-self-rated-health-in-the-swiss-population-from-1997-to-2012-the-roles-of-age-gender-and-education
#8
T Volken, F Wieber, P Rüesch, M Huber, R J Crawford
OBJECTIVES: Our study aimed to describe the temporal changes in self-rated health status (SRH) from 1997 to 2012 in adults aged 25 to 84 residing in Switzerland, with a view to identifying groups at risk for declining health. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of population-based cross-sectional health surveys. METHODS: Data were collected from the cross-sectional, population-based, five-year Swiss Health Survey, from 1997, 2002, 2007 and 2012...
August 9, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800502/spotlight-on-equality-of-employment-opportunities-a-qualitative-study-of-job-seeking-experiences-of-graduating-nurses-and-physiotherapists-from-black-and-minority-ethnic-backgrounds
#9
John Hammond, Sylvie Marshall-Lucette, Nigel Davies, Fiona Ross, Ruth Harris
BACKGROUND: There is growing attention in the UK and internationally to the representation of black and minority ethnic groups in healthcare education and the workplace. Although the NHS workforce is very diverse, ethnic minorities are unevenly spread across occupations, and considerably underrepresented in senior positions. Previous research has highlighted that this inequality also exists at junior levels with newly qualified nurses from non-White/British ethnic groups being less likely to get a job at graduation than their White/British colleagues...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795917/assessing-evidence-of-inequalities-in-access-to-medication-for-diabetic-populations-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#10
Yodi Christiani, Teerapon Dhippayom, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
Background Inequalities in access to medications among people diagnosed with diabetes in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is a public health concern since untreated diabetes can lead to severe complications and premature death. Objective To assess evidence of inequalities in access to medication for diabetes in adult populations of people with diagnosed diabetes in LMICs. Design We conducted a systematic review of the literature using the PRISMA-Equity guidelines. A search of five databases - PubMed, Cochrane, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and EMBASE - was conducted from inception to November 2015...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794798/mortality-of-young-offenders-a-national-register-based-follow-up-study-of-15-to-19-year-old-finnish-delinquents-referred-for-forensic-psychiatric-examination-between-1980-and-2010
#11
Nina Lindberg, Jouko Miettunen, Anni Heiskala, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino
BACKGROUND: The mortality rate of young offenders is high. Furthermore, mortality in young offenders is associated with psychiatric and substance use disorders. The primary aim of this national register-based follow-up study was to investigate the mortality rate of Finnish delinquents who underwent a forensic psychiatric examination between 1980 and 2010. As delinquency is not a solid entity, we further aimed to compare the risk of premature death among different subgroups of the delinquents; violent versus non-violent offenders, offenders with alcohol use disorders versus those with no such diagnoses, offenders with schizophrenia spectrum disorders versus conduct- and personality-disordered offenders, under-aged versus young adult offenders, and, finally, boys versus girls...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789653/occupational-status-as-a-determinant-of-mental-health-inequities-in-french-young-people-is-fairness-needed-results-of-a-cross-sectional-multicentre-observational-survey
#12
Marie Blanquet, Emilie Labbe-Lobertreau, Catherine Sass, Dominique Berger, Laurent Gerbaud
BACKGROUND: Employment conditions are associated with health inequities. In 2013, French young people had the highest unemployment rate and among those who worked as salaried workers most of them had temporary job. The purpose of the study was to assess mental health state of French young people through the prism of their occupational status and to measure whether occupational status is a determinant of health inequities. METHODS: A cross-sectional multicentre observational survey was performed in June and July 2010 in 115 French Local Social Centres and 74 Health Examination Centres, who were available to participate...
August 8, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789626/adolescent-alcohol-use-and-parental-and-adolescent-socioeconomic-position-in-six-european-cities
#13
Marina Bosque-Prous, Mirte A G Kuipers, Albert Espelt, Matthias Richter, Arja Rimpelä, Julian Perelman, Bruno Federico, M Teresa Brugal, Vincent Lorant, Anton E Kunst
BACKGROUND: Many risk behaviours in adolescence are socially patterned. However, it is unclear to what extent socioeconomic position (SEP) influences adolescent drinking in various parts of Europe. We examined how alcohol consumption is associated with parental SEP and adolescents' own SEP among students aged 14-17 years. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected in the 2013 SILNE study. Participants were 8705 students aged 14-17 years from 6 European cities...
August 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782420/the-gendered-economics-of-synchronized-retirement
#14
Per Gustafson
Women generally receive lower pensions than men, and research on gender and pensions has identified a number of factors underlying this pattern. The present article examines one factor that has largely gone unnoticed-synchronized retirement. In most married couples, the husband is older than his wife, yet many couples prefer to retire together. At the same time, pension systems are increasingly designed to discourage early retirement and reward late retirement. If younger wives and older husbands tend to synchronize their retirement, this may reinforce gendered income inequalities among older persons...
January 1, 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776334/trends-of-social-inequalities-in-the-specific-causes-of-infant-mortality-in-a-nationwide-birth-cohort-in-korea-1995-2009
#15
Mia Son, Soo Jeong An, Young Ju Kim
The relationship between social disparity and specific causes of infant mortality has rarely been studied. The present study analyzed infant mortality trends according to the causes of death and the inequalities in specific causes of infant mortality between different parental social classes. We analyzed 8,209,836 births from the Statistics Korea between 1995 and 2009. The trends of disparity for cause-specific infant mortality according to parental education and employment were examined using the Cox proportional hazard model for the birth-year intervals of 1995-1999, 2000-2004, and 2005-2009...
September 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771759/perinatal-programming-of-adolescent-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-case-for-gender-inequality
#16
EDITORIAL
Monika Sarkar, Gyorgy Baffy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768116/on-reproductive-work-in-spain-transnational-adoption-egg-donation-surrogacy
#17
Diana Marre, Beatriz San Román, Diana Guerra
Spain's plummeting fertility since the late twentieth century may seem to reflect a waning desire for children. Nevertheless, reproductive disappointments resulting from gender inequalities cause many Spanish women to postpone motherhood and experience age-related fertility problems. For them, creating a family often becomes possible only through the reproductive labor of other women. Our analysis of transnational adoption, egg donation, and surrogacy in Spain shows how anonymity and altruism play out in these three strategies, with implications for the valuation of women's reproductive work and relationships among reproductive providers, intermediaries, recipients, and the resulting children...
August 2, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764819/sex-composition-of-twins-and-associations-with-morbidity-mortality-and-maternal-treatment-seeking-outcomes-in-resource-poor-settings
#18
Rob Stephenson, Mondie Blalock Tharp, John Mark Wiginton, Nicholas Metheny
Societal gender inequality and a preference for male children has been shown to be detrimental to girls' health. This is despite females' innate biological advantage early in life. The negative effects of gender inequity on female health are most pronounced in resource-poor countries, where cultural norms supporting a preference for male children are strongest. However, most of what is known about gender inequality and child health comes from studies of singleton births. There is little evidence for how, or if, the disadvantages associated with gender bias and son preference extend to multiple births, a population inherently at risk for a number of health challenges...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760264/modeling-spatio-temporal-variations-of-substance-abuse-mortality-in-iran-using-a-log-gaussian-cox-point-process
#19
Mehran Rostami, Younes Mohammadi, Abdollah Jalilian, Bashir Nazparvar
Substance use disorder is one of the main mental health problems in Iran. In this paper, the six-monthly counts of deaths due to substance abuse in Iran at provincial level between March 21, 2005, and March 20, 2014, were modeled using a log-Gaussian Cox point process model. By assuming population density as the exposure variable, the considered model incorporated known and unknown influential factors in order to describe spatio-temporal variations in the relative risk of substance abuse mortality. We found evidence of spatial heterogeneity and inequality by gender in deaths related to substance abuse across Iran...
August 2017: Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758882/attitude-towards-gender-roles-and-violence-against-women-and-girls-vawg-baseline-findings-from-an-rct-of-1752-youths-in-pakistan
#20
Tazeen Saeed Ali, Rozina Karmaliani, Judith Mcfarlane, Hussain M A Khuwaja, Yasmeen Somani, Esnat D Chirwa, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is driven by gender norms that normalize and justify gender inequality and violence. Gender norms are substantially shaped during adolescence. Programs offered through schools offer an opportunity to influence gender attitudes toward gender equity if we understand these to be partly shaped by peers and the school environment. OBJECTIVE: We present an analysis of the baseline research conducted for a randomized controlled trial with 1752 grade 6 boys and girls and their attitudes toward gender roles, VAWG, and associated factors...
2017: Global Health Action
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