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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325516/brucellosis-remains-a-neglected-disease-in-the-developing-world-a-call-for-interdisciplinary-action
#1
K A Franc, R C Krecek, B N Häsler, A M Arenas-Gamboa
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is an endemic zoonotic disease in most of the developing world that causes devastating losses to the livestock industry and small-scale livestock holders. Infected animals exhibit clinical signs that are of economic significance to stakeholders and include reduced fertility, abortion, poor weight gain, lost draught power, and a substantial decline in milk production. In humans, brucellosis typically manifests as a variety of non-specific clinical signs. Chronicity and recurring febrile conditions, as well as devastating complications in pregnant women are common sequelae...
January 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325403/economic-inequality-in-presenting-vision-in-shahroud-iran-two-decomposition-methods
#2
Asieh Mansouri, Mohammad Hassan Emamian, Hojjat Zeraati, Hasan Hashemi, Akbar Fotouhi
BACKGROUND: Visual acuity, like many other health-related problems, does not have an equal distribution in terms of socio-economic factors. We conducted this study to estimate and decompose economic inequality in presenting visual acuity using two methods and to compare their results in a population aged 40-64 years in Shahroud, Iran. METHODS: The data of 5188 participants in the first phase of the Shahroud Cohort Eye Study, performed in 2009, were used for this study...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316901/dialysis-facility-staff-perceptions-of-racial-gender-and-age-disparities-in-access-to-renal-transplantation
#3
Kristie J Lipford, Laura McPherson, Reem Hamoda, Teri Browne, Jennifer C Gander, Stephen O Pastan, Rachel E Patzer
BACKGROUND: Racial/ethnic, gender, and age disparities in access to renal transplantation among end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients have been well documented, but few studies have explored health care staff attitudes towards these inequalities. Staff perceptions can influence patient care and outcomes, and identifying staff perceptions on disparities could aid in the development of potential interventions to address these health inequities. The objective of this study was to investigate dialysis staff (n = 509), primarily social workers and nurse managers, perceptions of renal transplant disparities in the Southeastern United States...
January 10, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315326/justifying-gender-discrimination-in-the-workplace-the-mediating-role-of-motherhood-myths
#4
Catherine Verniers, Jorge Vala
The issue of gender equality in employment has given rise to numerous policies in advanced industrial countries, all aimed at tackling gender discrimination regarding recruitment, salary and promotion. Yet gender inequalities in the workplace persist. The purpose of this research is to document the psychosocial process involved in the persistence of gender discrimination against working women. Drawing on the literature on the justification of discrimination, we hypothesized that the myths according to which women's work threatens children and family life mediates the relationship between sexism and opposition to a mother's career...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313190/structural-inequities-and-social-networks-impact-hormone-use-and-misuse-among-transgender-women-in-los-angeles-county
#5
Kirsty Clark, Jesse B Fletcher, Ian W Holloway, Cathy J Reback
In order to reduce gender dysphoria and combat stigma, transgender women often affirm their gender through social and medical transition, which may include cross-sex hormone therapy. This study examined associations between medically monitored hormone use and hormone misuse (non-prescribed hormone use including "fillers"), structural inequities (access to housing, health insurance, and income), and social network dynamics among 271 transgender women in Los Angeles. Hormone use status was coded trichotomously (hormone use, hormone misuse, no hormone use), and robust multinomial logistic regression as well as novel social network analysis was conducted to examine associations...
January 8, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310648/ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-status-are-related-to-dietary-patterns-at-age-5-in-the-amsterdam-born-children-and-their-development-abcd-cohort
#6
Viyan Rashid, Marielle F Engberink, Manon van Eijsden, Mary Nicolaou, Louise H Dekker, Arnoud P Verhoeff, Peter J M Weijs
BACKGROUND: Health inequalities are already present at young age and tend to vary with ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES). Diet is a major determinant of overweight, and studying dietary patterns as a whole in relation to overweight rather than single nutrients or foods has been suggested. We derived dietary patterns at age 5 and determined whether ethnicity and SES were both related to these dietary patterns. METHODS: We analysed 2769 validated Food Frequency Questionnaires filled in by mothers of children (5...
January 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306992/health-and-welfare-of-women-and-child-survival-a-key-to-nation-building
#7
Meharban Singh
Health of women has a profound effect on the health and welfare of communities, countries and the world at large. A large number of social, economic, educational, political and religious dimensions impact the lives of girls and women with repercussions on their health and status in society and welfare of their children. It is a sad reality that a large number of children, adolescents and women worldwide have limited or no access to essential health care services, nutrition and education. Gender inequity and discrimination against girls cannot be bridged unless there are equal opportunities for healthcare and education for boys and girls...
January 6, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306621/association-between-non-communicable-disease-multimorbidity-and-health-care-utilization-in-a-middle-income-country-population-based-study
#8
J Jankovic, M Mirkovic, A Jovic-Vranes, M Santric-Milicevic, Z Terzic-Supic
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to analyze possible inequalities by gender in the utilization of health services (general practitioner [GP] and hospital), among people with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in the Republic of Serbia, with special reference to multimorbidity. In addition, we examined the prevalence patterns of NCDs by sociodemographic characteristics of the population. STUDY DESIGN: This study is a population-based, cross-sectional survey. METHODS: A secondary analysis from the 2013 Serbian National Health Survey included 13,765 adults aged ≥20 years...
January 4, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302179/where-public-health-meets-human-rights-integrating-human-rights-into-the-validation-of-the-elimination-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-and-syphilis
#9
Eszter Kismödi, Karusa Kiragu, Olga Sawicki, Sally Smith, Sophie Brion, Aditi Sharma, Lilian Mworeko, Alexandrina Iovita
In 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) initiated a process for validation of the elimination of mother-to-child transmission (EMTCT) of HIV and syphilis by countries. For the first time in such a process for the validation of disease elimination, WHO introduced norms and approaches that are grounded in human rights, gender equality, and community engagement. This human rights-based validation process can serve as a key opportunity to enhance accountability for human rights protection by evaluating EMTCT programs against human rights norms and standards, including in relation to gender equality and by ensuring the provision of discrimination-free quality services...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300982/gender-and-schooling-inequalities-in-risk-and-protective-factors-for-chronic-diseases-among-brazilian-adults
#10
Carla C Enes, Luciana B Nucci
Background: There is consistent evidence showing that low socioeconomic level, both at the individual and contextual levels, is an important predictor of morbidity and mortality due to noncommunicable diseases. Objective: To identify gender and schooling inequalities in the distribution of risk and protective factors for chronic diseases among Brazilian adults. Methods: This study included data from 97 468 individuals interviewed in 2012 and 2013 from the Surveillance System of Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Diseases (VIGITEL)...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300495/intersecting-social-inequalities-and-body-mass-index-trajectories-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood
#11
Taylor W Hargrove
This study combines multiple-hierarchy stratification and life course perspectives to address two research questions critical to understanding U.S. young adult health. First, to what extent are racial-ethnic inequalities in body mass index (BMI) gendered and/or classed? Second, do racial-ethnic, gender, and socioeconomic inequalities in BMI widen or persist between adolescence and early adulthood? Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 cohort and growth curve models, results suggest that among white, black, and Hispanic American men and women ages 13 to 31, racial-ethnic inequality in BMI is greatest among women...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298670/factors-influencing-deliveries-at-health-facilities-in-a-rural-maasai-community-in-magadi-sub-county-kenya
#12
Sarah Karanja, Richard Gichuki, Patrick Igunza, Samuel Muhula, Peter Ofware, Josephine Lesiamon, Lepantas Leshore, Lenny Bazira Kyomuhangi-Igbodipe, Josephat Nyagero, Nancy Binkin, David Ojakaa
BACKGROUND: In response to poor maternal, newborn, and child health indicators in Magadi sub-county, the "Boma" model was launched to promote health facility delivery by establishing community health units and training community health volunteers (CHVs) and traditional birth attendants (TBAs) as safe motherhood promoters. As a result, health facility delivery increased from 14% to 24%, still considerably below the national average (61%). We therefore conducted this study to determine factors influencing health facility delivery and describe barriers and motivators to the same...
January 3, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297857/trends-in-adolescent-overweight-prevalence-in-italy-according-to-socioeconomic-position
#13
Giacomo Lazzeri, Paola Dalmasso, Paola Berchialla, Alberto Borraccino, Lorena Charrier, Mariano V Giacchi, Rita Simi, Michela Lenzi, Alessio Vieno, Patrizia Lemma, Franco Cavallo
BACKGROUND: The aim of this research is to update the trend in overweight (including obesity) prevalence among Italian adolescents, evaluating possible differences by age and gender, and analyzing their relationships with socioeconomic status, between 2002 and 2014. METHODS: The present study is based on data from the Italian HBSC study at four time points (2002, 2006, 2010 and 2014), which involved 15 035 adolescents, aged 11-13-15 (7540 boys and 7495 girls). RESULTS: Gender and age were associated with the occurrence of overweight...
October 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295025/does-gender-matter-an-exploratory-study-of-cultural-betrayal-trauma-and-hallucinations-in-latino-undergraduates-at-a-predominantly-white-university
#14
Jennifer M Gómez
Violence victimization, such as physical, sexual, and emotional abuse, has been linked with hallucinations. How abuse-related distress manifests is dependent on a host of factors, including gender, ethnicity, and societal inequality. Cultural betrayal trauma theory may provide insight into hallucinatory experiences for Latinos in the United States, as it is a contextualized framework that identifies societal trauma (e.g., discrimination) as a contributor to the harm of within-group interpersonal violence victimization in minority populations...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294898/power-and-inequality-intimate-partner-violence-against-bisexual-and-non-monosexual-women-in-the-united-states
#15
Bethany M Coston
While just over one in three heterosexual women will experience intimate partner violence (IPV) in her lifetime, 61% of bisexual women and 78% of non-monosexual women will. Combining previous research and theories on power, social resources, binegativity, and gender-based violence, this article analyzes the role of power and inequality in non-monosexual women's IPV victimization. Using data from the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, this article first examines rates of IPV victimization for statistically significant differences between monosexual (e...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294851/income-gender-and-forms-of-intimate-partner-violence
#16
Zohre Ahmadabadi, Jackob M Najman, Gail M Williams, Alexandra M Clavarino
Poverty and socioeconomic disadvantage place demands on intimate relationships and provide fertile ground for disagreements and conflicts. It is not known whether poverty also leads to intimate partner violence (IPV). This study investigates the association between income and forms of IPV victimization for both males and females. We also examine whether income inequalities are related to IPV and whether the gender balance of household income contributes to IPV victimization. Data are from a cohort of 2,401 young offspring (60...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280986/disparities-in-non-fatal-health-outcomes-in-pediatric-general-trauma-studies
#17
REVIEW
Shanthi Ameratunga, Jacqueline Ramke, Nicki Jackson, Sandar Tin Tin, Belinda Gabbe
When prevention efforts fail, injured children require high-quality health services to support their recovery. Disparities in non-fatal injury outcomes, an indicator of health-care quality, have received minimal attention. We evaluated the extent to which general trauma follow-up studies published in the peer-reviewed scientific literature provide evidence of socially patterned inequities in health, functional or disability outcomes ≥4 weeks after childhood injuries. Using a systematic search, we identified 27 eligible cohort studies from 13 high-income countries...
December 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277976/a-struggle-on-two-fronts-boundary-drawing-in-the-lower-region-of-the-social-space-and-the-symbolic-market-for-down-to-earthness
#18
Vegard Jarness, Magne Paalgard Flemmen
In this article we use qualitative interviews to examine how Norwegians possessing low volumes of cultural and economic capital demarcate themselves symbolically from the lifestyles of those above and below them in social space. In downward boundary drawing, a range of types of people are regarded as inferior because of perceived moral and aesthetic deficiencies. In upward boundary drawing, anti-elitist sentiments are strong: people practising resource-demanding lifestyles are viewed as harbouring 'snobbish' and 'elitist' attitudes...
December 26, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277410/hiv-related-stigma-racial-discrimination-and-gender-discrimination-pathways-to-physical-and-mental-health-related-quality-of-life-among-a-national-cohort-of-women-living-with-hiv
#19
Carmen H Logie, Ying Wang, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Anne C Wagner, Angela Kaida, Tracey Conway, Kath Webster, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Mona R Loutfy
Social inequities compromise health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) among women living with HIV (WLWH). Little is known about health impacts of intersecting stigma based on HIV status, race and gender among WLWH or potential mechanisms to promote HR-QoL. We tested pathways from multiple types of stigma (HIV-related, racial, gender) to physical and mental HR-QoL utilizing baseline survey data from a national cohort of WLWH in Canada (2013-2015). Structural equation modeling was conducted using maximum likelihood estimation methods to test the direct effects of HIV-related stigma, racial discrimination and gender discrimination on HR-QoL and indirect effects via social support and economic insecurity, adjusting for socio-demographic factors...
December 22, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273838/ethnic-inequalities-in-health-between-arabs-and-jews-in-israel-the-relative-contribution-of-individual-level-factors-and-the-living-environment
#20
Nihaya Daoud, Varda Soskolne, Jennifer S Mindell, Marilyn A Roth, Orly Manor
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic inequalities in health (EIH) are unjust public health problem that emerge across societies. In Israel, despite uniform healthcare coverage, marked EIH persist between Arabs and Jews. METHODS: We draw on the ecosocial approach to examine the relative contributions of individual socioeconomic status (SES), psychosocial and health behavioral factors, and the living environment (neighborhood problems, social capital, and social participation) to explaining ethnic differences in self-rated health (SRH)...
December 22, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
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