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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324794/the-socio-political-context-of-migration-and-reproductive-health-disparities-the-case-of-early-sexual-initiation-among-mexican-origin-immigrant-young-women
#1
Kate Coleman-Minahan
Prior research often explains the lower risk of early sexual initiation among foreign-born Mexican-origin young women by a patriarchal and sexually conservative "traditional Latino culture." This definition overlooks structural factors such as exploitation of migrant workers, and conflates gender inequality and sexual expectations. I use an intersectional framework and the theory of gender and power to explore how gender inequality and sexual expectations are both influenced by structural factors and affect reproductive health outcomes...
March 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323854/the-unfinished-health-agenda-neonatal-mortality-in-cambodia
#2
Rathmony Hong, Pauline Yongeun Ahn, Frank Wieringa, Tung Rathavy, Ludovic Gauthier, Rathavuth Hong, Arnaud Laillou, Judit Van Geystelen, Jacques Berger, Etienne Poirot
BACKGROUND: Reduction of neonatal and under-five mortality rates remains a primary target in the achievement of universal health goals, as evident in renewed investments of Sustainable Development Goals. Various studies attribute declines in mortality to the combined effects of improvements in health care practices and changes in socio-economic factors. Since the early nineties, Cambodia has managed to evolve from a country devastated by war to a nation soon to enter the group of middle income countries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315179/decrements-in-health-related-quality-of-life-associated-with-gender-nonconformity-among-u-s-adolescents-and-young-adults
#3
Allegra R Gordon, Nancy Krieger, Cassandra A Okechukwu, Sebastien Haneuse, Mihail Samnaliev, Brittany M Charlton, S Bryn Austin
PURPOSE: Gender nonconformity, that is, transgressing conventionally "masculine" vs. "feminine" characteristics, is often stigmatized. Stigmatization and discrimination are social stressors that raise risk of adverse mental and physical health outcomes and may drive health inequities. However, little is known about the relationship between such social stressors and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This paper aimed to examine associations between perceived gender nonconformity and HRQOL in a cohort of U...
March 17, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303431/gender-inequalities-in-remote-settings-analysis-of-105-025-medical-records-of-a-rural-hospital-in-ethiopia-2005-2015
#4
Sandro Accorsi, Edgardo Somigliana, Pasquale Farese, Tsegaye Ademe, Yonas Desta, Giovanni Putoto, Fabio Manenti
Gender inequalities in Sub-Saharan Africa are deemed relevant but data to support this view are scanty. Retrospective analysis of a large dataset of 105,025 patients admitted to an Ethiopian rural private, non-for-profit hospital over a 11 years period (2005-2015). Since 2001, the hospital and the local community are involved in a long-term, comprehensive and externally-supported health care intervention. The total number of admissions was higher for females (61.9% of the total) mainly because of the high frequency of admissions for obstetrics conditions...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297186/the-new-obstetrical-dilemma-stunting-obesity-and-the-risk-of-obstructed-labour
#5
Jonathan C K Wells
The "obstetrical dilemma" refers to the tight fit between maternal pelvic dimensions and neonatal size at delivery. Most interest traditionally focused on its generic significance for humans, for example our neonatal altriciality and our complex and lengthy birth process. Across contemporary populations, however, the obstetrical dilemma manifests substantial variability, illustrated by differences in the incidence of cephalo-pelvic disproportion, obstructed labour and cesarean section. Beyond accounting for 12% of maternal mortality worldwide, obstructed labour also imposes a huge burden of maternal morbidity, in particular through debilitating birth injuries...
April 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295294/catching-up-with-wonderful-women-the-women-are-wonderful-effect-is-smaller-in-more-gender-egalitarian-societies
#6
Kuba Krys, Colin A Capaldi, Wijnand van Tilburg, Ottmar V Lipp, Michael Harris Bond, C-Melanie Vauclair, L Sam S Manickam, Alejandra Domínguez-Espinosa, Claudio Torres, Vivian Miu-Chi Lun, Julien Teyssier, Lynden K Miles, Karolina Hansen, Joonha Park, Wolfgang Wagner, Angela Arriola Yu, Cai Xing, Ryan Wise, Chien-Ru Sun, Razi Sultan Siddiqui, Radwa Salem, Muhammad Rizwan, Vassilis Pavlopoulos, Martin Nader, Fridanna Maricchiolo, María Malbran, Gwatirera Javangwe, İdil Işık, David O Igbokwe, Taekyun Hur, Arif Hassan, Ana Gonzalez, Márta Fülöp, Patrick Denoux, Enila Cenko, Ana Chkhaidze, Eleonora Shmeleva, Radka Antalíková, Ramadan A Ahmed
Inequalities between men and women are common and well-documented. Objective indexes show that men are better positioned than women in societal hierarchies-there is no single country in the world without a gender gap. In contrast, researchers have found that the women-are-wonderful effect-that women are evaluated more positively than men overall-is also common. Cross-cultural studies on gender equality reveal that the more gender egalitarian the society is, the less prevalent explicit gender stereotypes are...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290064/-symposium-the-future-of-informal-care
#7
Marjolein Broese van Groenou, Alice de Boer, Kim Putters, Kène Henkens, Henk Nies, Pearl A Dykstra, Hanna van Solinge, Cretien van Campen, Sjoerd Kooiker
Due to the reform of long term care in 2015, there is growing concern about whether groups at risk receive the care they need. People in need of care have to rely more on help from their social network. The increased need for informal care requires resilience and organizational skills of families, but also of volunteers, professionals and employers. What does this mean for the provision of informal care in the next decennia? The symposium 'The future of informal care', organized on January 26 2017 by the National Institute for Social Research and the Institute for Societal Resilience of the Vrije Universiteit, addressed possible answers to this question...
March 13, 2017: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287310/physical-functioning-trends-among-us-women-and-men-age-45-64-by-education-level
#8
Anna Zajacova, Jennifer Karas Montez
Functional limitations and disability declined in the US during the 1980s and 1990s, but reports of early 21st century trends are mixed. Whether educational inequalities in functioning increased or decreased is also poorly understood. Given the importance of disability for productivity, independent living, and health care costs, these trends are critical to US social and health policies. We examine recent trends in functional limitations and disability among women and men aged 45-64. Using 2000-2015 National Health Interview Surveys data on over 155,000 respondents, semiparametric and logistic regression models visualize and test functioning trends by education...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286699/rural-women-s-experience-of-living-and-giving-birth-in-relief-camps-in-pakistan
#9
Humaira Maheen, Elizabeth Hoban
BACKGROUND: Women are more vulnerable than men in the same natural disaster setting. Preexisting gender inequality, socio-cultural community dynamics and poverty puts women at significant risk of mortality. Pregnant women are particularly vulnerable because of their limited or no access to prenatal and obstetric care during any disaster or humanitarian emergency setting. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 15 women who gave birth during the 2011 floods in Sindh Province, Pakistan...
January 31, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285003/empowering-the-girl-child-improving-global-health
#10
Sandra K Cesario, Barbara Moran
The health and productivity of a global society is dependent upon the elimination of gender inequities that prevent girls from achieving their full potential. Although some progress has been made in reducing social, economic, and health disparities between men and women, gender equality continues to be an elusive goal. The Millennium Development Goals (2000-2015) and the Sustainable Development Goals (2015-2030) include intergovernmental aspirations to empower women and stress that change must begin with the girl child...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282529/evidence-of-socio-economic-stress-and-female-foeticide-in-racial-disparities-in-the-gender-ratio-at-birth-in-the-united-states-1995-2014
#11
Victor Grech
BACKGROUND: Males are born in excess of females, expressed as M/T (male/total births), which is expected to approximate 0.515. Racial M/T disparities have been long known. This study was carried out in order to identify such disparities in different races in the United States. DESIGN: Monthly male and female live births by race for the entire US were obtained from the website of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for 1995-2014 for the four racial groups: American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian or Pacific Islander, Black or African American and White...
March 1, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277020/healthcare-professional-and-interpreter-perspectives-on-working-with-and-caring-for-non-english-speaking-families-in-a-tertiary-paediatric-healthcare-setting
#12
Anna Williams, Kate Oulton, Debbie Sell, Jo Wray
OBJECTIVE: To understand the perspectives of healthcare professionals and interpreters in relation to working with and caring for non-English speaking families accessing National Health Service paediatric tertiary health care services. DESIGN: Focus group and interview methods were used to elicit the views of healthcare professionals and interpreters at one tertiary paediatric hospital in the United Kingdom. Data were subjected to framework analysis. RESULTS: Participants identified a number of factors affecting communication and their interaction with non-English speaking families in this setting, including time, role uncertainty, and interlinked dimensions of culture and gender...
February 25, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276923/-good-culture-bad-culture-polygyny-cultural-change-and-structural-drivers-of-hiv-in-papua-new-guinea
#13
Patti Shih, Heather Worth, Joanne Travaglia, Angela Kelly-Hanku
Culture is often problematised as a key structural driver of HIV transmission in Papua New Guinea. Official HIV programmes, as well as church teachings, tend to focus on customary marital practices of polygyny and bride price payments as 'harmful traditions'. This focus can oversimplify the effects of current and historical nuances of cultural, political and economic change on sexual concurrency and gender inequality. Community-based healthcare workers in Southern Highlands Province explain that customary marital practices are now highly reconfigured from their traditional forms...
February 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275988/income-related-inequalities-in-diseases-and-health-conditions-over-the-business-cycle
#14
Tinna Laufey Ásgeirsdóttir, Hildur Margrét Jóhannsdóttir
How business cycles affect income-related distribution of diseases and health disorders is largely unknown. We examine how the prevalence of thirty diseases and health conditions is distributed across the income spectrum using survey data collected in Iceland in 2007, 2009 and 2012. Thus, we are able to take advantage of the unusually sharp changes in economic conditions in Iceland during the Great Recession initiated in 2008 and the partial recovery that had already taken place by 2012 to analyze how income-related health inequality changed across time periods that can be described as a boom, crisis and recovery...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271522/the-limits-of-intensive-feeding-maternal-foodwork-at-the-intersections-of-race-class-and-gender
#15
Joslyn Brenton
Despite experiencing numerous barriers, mothers today confront increasing social pressure to embody perfection through their foodwork. A growing body of social science research identifies how gender and class inequality shape women's perceptions of food and their feeding strategies, but this research is thus far limited in its understanding of the roles that race and ethnic identity play in a mother's food landscape. Drawing on 60 in-depth interviews with a racially and economically diverse group of mothers, this paper examines how feeding young children is intertwined with contemporary ideas about child health as well as women's efforts to negotiate race, class, and gender hierarchies...
March 8, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267795/the-cost-of-dementia-in-an-unequal-country-the-case-of-chile
#16
Daniel A Hojman, Fabian Duarte, Jaime Ruiz-Tagle, Marilu Budnich, Carolina Delgado, Andrea Slachevsky
We study the economic cost of dementia in Chile, and its variation according to socioeconomic status (SES). We use primary data from a survey of 330 informal primary caregivers who completed both a RUD-Lite and a socio-demographic questionnaire to evaluate the severity of dementia and caregiver's burden. The costs of dementia are broken into three components: direct medical costs (medical care, drugs, tests); direct social costs (social service, daycare); and indirect costs (mostly associated to informal care)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263621/not-your-model-minority-own-group-activism-among-asian-americans
#17
Julia Tran, Nicola Curtin
OBJECTIVES: Research on Asian American activism is neglected in the collective action literature. This study examined a model of Asian American activism that included a context-specific variable, model minority beliefs, and 3 traditional predictors of collective engagement: experiences of discrimination, collective racial identity, and structural awareness. METHOD: Participants completed a survey on their sociopolitical attitudes and behaviors. All participants identified as Asian American (N = 187; Mage = 32...
March 6, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259180/-is-the-doctor-god-to-punish-me-an-intersectional-examination-of-disrespectful-and-abusive-care-during-childbirth-against-single-mothers-in-tunisia
#18
Nada Amroussia, Alison Hernandez, Carmen Vives-Cases, Isabel Goicolea
BACKGROUND: Disrespectful and abusive treatment during childbirth is a violation of women's right to dignified, respectful healthcare throughout pregnancy and childbirth. Although reports point out that marginalized groups in society such as single mothers are particularly vulnerable to abusive and disrespectful care, there is a lack of in-depth research exploring single mothers' encounters at the maternal healthcare facilities, especially in Tunisia. In Tunisia, single mothers are particularly vulnerable due to their social stigmatization and socio-economic marginalization...
March 4, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257505/correction-gender-based-within-household-inequality-in-childhood-immunization-in-india-changes-over-time-and-across-regions
#19
Ashish Singh
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0035045.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252555/capturing-the-social-location-of-african-american-mothers-living-with-hiv-an-inquiry-into-how-social-determinants-of-health-are-framed
#20
Courtney Caiola, Julie Barroso, Sharron L Docherty
BACKGROUND: The disparate health outcomes of African American mothers living with HIV are considerable. Multidimensional approaches are needed to address the complex social and economic conditions of their lives, collectively known as the social determinants of health. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the social determinants of health for African American mothers living with HIV by examining how mothers describe their social location at the intersection of gender, race, and class inequality; HIV-related stigma; and motherhood...
March 2, 2017: Nursing Research
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