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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165172/cross-sectional-association-between-medical-expenses-and-intellectual-activity-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#1
Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani, Hiroshi Hosoi
BACKGROUND: Little is known concerning the lifestyle habits and health conditions in community-dwelling elderly who do not get medical care. We investigated the cross-sectional association between medical expenses (ME) and intellectual activity (IA) in community-dwelling older Japanese. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were mailed to all residents born between 1945 and 1949 and covered by A City's medical insurance system (n = 19,354). Independent variables including health behaviors, oral health, social capital, neighborhood environment, and physical and mental functioning were included in the questionnaires...
August 25, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165112/influence-of-a-50bp-ins-del-polymorphism-at-promoter-of-the-superoxide-dismutase-1-on-gene-expression-and-risk-of-heroin-dependency
#2
Khyber Saify, Mostafa Saadat
OBJECTIVE: Superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1, OMIM: 147450) is one of the major antioxidant enzymes, which plays a vital role in clearance of reactive oxygen species. A genetic polymorphism of 50 bp insertion/deletion (Ins/Del) in the promoter region of the SOD1 was reported. The aims of the present study are to evaluate the influence of this polymorphism on the SOD1 mRNA levels in human peripheral blood cells and its association with risk of heroin dependency. METHODS: The present study consisted of 47 healthy students of Shiraz University (south-west Iran) for investigating the association between the Ins/Del polymorphism on expression level of SOD1, also a total of 442 heroin dependent and 799 healthy controls were included in a case-control study investigating the association between the study polymorphism and risk of dependency to heroin...
March 15, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165108/medical-visits-antihypertensive-prescriptions-and-medication-adherence-among-newly-diagnosed-hypertensive-patients-in-korea
#3
Hyoseon Jeong, Hyeongsu Kim, Kunsei Lee, Jung Hyun Lee, Hye Mi Ahn, Soon Ae Shin, Vitna Kim
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the antihypertensive medication adherence in patients who were newly diagnosed with hypertension in Korea. METHODS: Study subjects were diagnosed with hypertension for the first time by the General Health Screening in 2012 and were 65,919. As indices, visiting rate to medical institution, the antihypertensive prescription rate, medication possession ratio and the rate of appropriate medication adherence were used...
March 17, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164926/serum-uric-acid-level-predicts-adverse-outcomes-after-myocardial-revascularization-or-cardiac-valve-surgery
#4
Davide Lazzeroni, Matteo Bini, Umberto Camaiora, Paolo Castiglioni, Luca Moderato, Davide Bosi, Simone Geroldi, Pietro T Ugolotti, Lorenzo Brambilla, Valerio Brambilla, Paolo Coruzzi
Background High levels of serum uric acid have been associated with adverse outcomes in cardiovascular diseases such as myocardial infarction and heart failure. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the prognostic role of serum uric acid levels in patients undergoing cardiac rehabilitation after myocardial revascularization and/or cardiac valve surgery. Design We performed an observational prospective cohort study. Methods The study included 1440 patients with available serum uric acid levels, prospectively followed for 50 ± 17 months...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164498/gender-and-the-stability-of-same-sex-and-different-sex-relationships-among-young-adults
#5
Kara Joyner, Wendy Manning, Ryan Bogle
Most research on the stability of adult relationships has focused on coresidential (cohabiting or married) unions and estimates rates of dissolution for the period of coresidence. Studies examining how the stability of coresidential unions differs by sex composition have typically found that same-sex female couples have higher rates of dissolution than same-sex male couples and different-sex couples. We argue that the more elevated rates of dissolution for same-sex female couples are a by-product of the focus on coresidential unions...
November 21, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164378/discrimination-and-sleep-difficulties-during-adolescence-the-mediating-roles-of-loneliness-and-perceived-stress
#6
Angelina Majeno, Kim M Tsai, Virginia W Huynh, Heather McCreath, Andrew J Fuligni
Irregular and insufficient sleep place youth at risk for adverse psychological and physical health outcomes. Recent research indicates that discrimination constitutes a type of stressor that interferes with adolescent sleep; however, the mechanisms through which discrimination affects sleep are not well understood. This study examined whether ethnic and non-ethnic (i.e., gender, age, and height/weight) discrimination were associated with adolescents' sleep duration, variability, and quality, and whether loneliness and perceived stress mediated these associations...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164137/urban-livestock-keeping-in-the-city-of-nairobi-diversity-of-production-systems-supply-chains-and-their-disease-management-and-risks
#7
Pablo Alarcon, Eric M Fèvre, Patrick Muinde, Maurice K Murungi, Stella Kiambi, James Akoko, Jonathan Rushton
Urban livestock keeping in developing cities have an important role in food security and livelihoods but can also pose a significant threat to the environment and health of urban dwellers. The aim of this study was to identify the different livestock systems in Nairobi, their supply chains, and their management and food safety risks. Seven focus group discussions with livestock production officers in charge of each major Nairobi sub-county were conducted. Data were collected on the type of systems existing for each livestock species and their supply chains, disease management, food safety risks, and general husbandry and gender factors...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163685/expression-of-cancer-testis-antigens-mage-a-mage-c1-gage-and-ctag1b-in-benign-and-malignant-thyroid-diseases
#8
Daniel Hardy Melo, Rui Celso Martins Mamede, Luciano Neder, Wilson Araújo Silva, Mateus Camargo Barros-Filho, Luiz Paulo Kowalski, Clóvis Antonio Lopes Pinto, Marco Antônio Zago, David Livingstone Alves Figueiredo, Achim A Jungbluth
Despite considerable advances in the understanding of thyroid gland biology, correctly diagnosing thyroid nodules and treating high-grade thyroid carcinoma remains challenging. Cancer/testis (CT) antigens have emerged as potential diagnostic tools as well as targets of potential cancer vaccinations. In the present study, a total of 117 patients who underwent surgical therapy for thyroid disease were available for analysis. The expression levels of melanoma-associated antigen (MAGE) A, MAGE-C1/CT7, cancer/testis antigen 1B (CTAG1B) and G antigen (GAGE) were analyzed by immunohistochemistry...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163271/self-presentation-strategies-fear-of-success-and-anticipation-of-future-success-among-university-and-high-school-students
#9
Natasza Kosakowska-Berezecka, Paweł Jurek, Tomasz Besta, Sylwia Badowska
The backlash avoidance model (BAM) suggests women insufficiently self-promote because they fear backlash for behavior which is incongruent with traditional gender roles. Avoiding self-promoting behavior is also potentially related to associating success with negative consequences. In two studies we tested whether self-promotion and fear of success will be predictors of lower salaries and anticipation of lower chances of success in an exam. In study 1, prior to the exam they were about to take, we asked 234 students about their predictions concerning exam results and their future earnings...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163247/how-to-dax-preschool-children-s-prosocial-behavior-but-not-their-social-norm-enforcement-relates-to-their-peer-status
#10
Markus Paulus
The current study examined correlates of preschool children's (n = 82) peer status. In particular, we assessed children's prosocial behavior, social problem behavior, norm enforcement, language abilities, and temperament. Children's prosocial behavior, pragmatic language abilities, and gender correlated with peer status. A regression analysis revealed that prosocial behavior and gender were independent predictors. There was some evidence for a mediation effect: The link between pragmatic language and peer status was mediated by prosocial behavior...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162117/community-based-intervention-to-prevent-domestic-violence-against-women-in-the-reproductive-age-in-northwestern-ethiopia-a-protocol-for-quasi-experimental-study
#11
Agumasie Semahegn, Kwasi Torpey, Abubakar Manu, Nega Assefa, Augustine Ankomah
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is a well understood devastating global pandemic, and human right violation. One in three women experienced intimate partner violence worldwide. In Ethiopia, the level of domestic violence against women is one of the highest in the world. However, Ethiopia is signatory for various conventions and incorporated in legal frameworks. Nevertheless, effective implementation of the existing policy documents, and engaging different stakeholders is very limited...
November 21, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161829/sex-biased-prevalence-in-infections-with-heterosexual-direct-and-vector-mediated-transmission-a-theoretical-analysis
#12
Andrea Pugliese, Abba B Gumel, Fabio A Milner, Jorge X Velasco-Hernandez
Three deterministic Kermack-McKendrick-type models for studying the transmission dynamics of an infection in a two-sex closed population are analyzed here. In each model it is assumed that infection can be transmitted through heterosexual contacts, and that there is a higher probability of transmission from one sex to the other than vice versa. The study is focused on understanding whether and how this bias in transmission reflects in sex differences in final attack ratios (i.e. the fraction of individuals of each sex that eventually gets infected)...
February 1, 2018: Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering: MBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161792/-trend-in-the-eradication-rates-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-over-the-last-10-years-in-west-gyeonggi-do-korea-a-single-center-experience
#13
Jong Seol Park, Ji Eun Park, Byoung Soo Oh, Byung Wook Yoon, Hyun Ki Kim, Jae Won Lee, Nam Ho Kim, Won Seok Cho, Young Sik Woo, Jaehoon Jahng, Yong Sung Kim
Background/Aims: The eradication rate of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) has been decreasing recently in Korea due to antibiotics resistance. The aim of this study was to investigate the trend of eradication rate and clinical factors affecting the eradication rate of H. pylori in the last 10 years in west Gyeonggi-do, Korea. Methods: The trends of eradication rate of H. pylori, gender, age, concomitant mediations, and clinical factors were retrospectively evaluated in patients with H...
November 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161645/the-impact-of-domestic-violence-exposure-on-south-asian-children-in-the-united-states-perspectives-of-domestic-violence-agency-staff
#14
Maya I Ragavan, Tsion Fikre, Uma Millner, Megan Bair-Merritt
The South Asian community is the fastest growing ethnic group in the United States, and past research suggests that South Asian domestic violence (DV) survivors may require culturally-specific resources. Similarly, South Asian children in the US exposed to DV may have unique responses and needs, but this has not been explored to date. The objective of this study was to examine the specific needs of South Asian children exposed to DV from the vantage point of staff from South Asian DV agencies across the United States...
November 18, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161222/perspectives-of-mothers-of-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Katherine A Kuvalanka, Derek J Mahan, Jenifer K McGuire, Tracey K Hoffman
This study represents findings from interviews at two time points with three mothers of transgender and gender-nonconforming (TGNC) children (ages eight to 12 years at T1) with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Of interest was the mothers' experiences of raising a TGNC child with ASD, and whether/how the children's autism played a role in their understandings of their children's gender identities and expressions. The mothers' fear of a transphobic/cisnormative society and wondering about whether their children's ASD influenced or caused their children's gender variance were barriers to fully embracing their children's gender nonconformity...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161161/the-association-between-heavy-episodic-drinking-and-gender-orientation-among-u-s-college-students-the-significance-of-masculinity
#16
Robert L Peralta, Marcella L Mulhollem, Courtney Blue, Breanna C Stewart
BACKGROUND: Heavy episodic drinking (HED) remains a public health concern among college students. Sex differences are routinely reported in the literature although some evidence of convergence in drinking patterns has been observed. The association between sex and gender-orientation in HED remains unclear because sex and gender are often conflated. OBJECTIVE: We examine the intersection of sex, gender-orientation and HED to determine if gender-orientation alone and/or in conjunction with sex play a role in HED among college students...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161114/suicide-and-high-altitude-an-integrative-review
#17
Elaine Reno, Talia L Brown, Marian E Betz, Michael H Allen, Lilian Hoffecker, Jeremy Reitinger, Robert Roach, Benjamin Honigman
Reno, Elaine, Talia L. Brown, Marian E. Betz, Michael H. Allen, Lilian Hoffecker, Jeremy Reitinger, Robert Roach, and Benjamin Honigman. Suicide and high altitude: an integrative review. High Alt Med Biol 00:000-000, 2017. INTRODUCTION: Suicide rates are greater at high altitudes, and multiple mechanisms have been suggested for this relationship, including hypoxia, differences in population density, characteristics of suicide victims, and firearms ownership and access. To better understand these potential mechanisms, studies evaluating the associations between high altitude and suicide were examined...
November 21, 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160444/family-context-and-the-physical-activity-of-adolescents-comparing-differences
#18
Cynthia Graciane Carvalho Ramos, Roseli Gomes de Andrade, Amanda Cristina de Souza Andrade, Amanda Paula Fernandes, Dário Alves da Silva Costa, César Coelho Xavier, Fernando Augusto Proietti, Waleska Teixeira Caiaffa
INTRODUCTION: Family context plays an important role with regard to the physical activity (PA) of adolescents. Intense changes in family composition, including an increase of single-parent structures can affect behavior. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of PA, between boys and girls of 11-17 years old, and investigate its association with family context variables. METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based study "The BH Health Study" was conducted in two health districts of Belo Horizonte...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159808/association-between-height-and-periodontitis-in-korean-adults-results-from-knhanes-iv-and-v
#19
S-H Shim, D-H Han
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Evidence shows that a short stature in adulthood is associated with chronic diseases. However, few studies have investigated the association between height and periodontitis. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between adult height and periodontitis and to assess the roles of covariates in different birth cohorts of Korea. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using the data from the 4th and 5th Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159798/tasks-determine-what-is-learned-in-visual-statistical-learning
#20
Timothy J Vickery, Su Hyoun Park, Jayesh Gupta, Marian E Berryhill
Visual statistical learning (VSL), the unsupervised learning of statistical contingencies across time and space, may play a key role in efficient and predictive encoding of the perceptual world. How VSL capabilities vary as a function of ongoing task demands is still poorly understood. VSL is modulated by selective attention and faces interference from some secondary tasks, but there is little evidence that the types of contingencies learned in VSL are sensitive to task demands. We found a powerful effect of task on what is learned in VSL...
November 20, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
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