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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934794/effects-of-epidemiological-factors-and-pressure-pain-measurements-in-predicting-postoperative-pain-a-prospective-survey-of-1-002-chinese-patients
#1
Guangyou Duan, Shanna Guo, Yuhao Zhang, Ying Ying, Penghao Huang, Li Zhang, Xianwei Zhang
BACKGROUND: A high degree of inter-individual differences was noted in human basal pain as well as the reporting of clinical pain, such as postoperative pain. Understanding the effects of common epidemiological variations and preoperative experimental methods of human pain perception may contribute to individualized pain treatment for patients. OBJECTIVES: The current study was aimed to assess the role of epidemiological factors and preoperative experimental pain sensitivity for predicting postoperative pain and to analyze the potential effects of epidemiological factors on experimental pain sensitivity...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934789/lack-of-gender-and-age-differences-in-pain-measurements-following-exercise-in-people-with-chronic-whiplash-associated-disorders
#2
Kelly Ickmans, Anneleen Malfliet, Margot De Kooning, Lisa Goudman, Ives Hubloue, Tom Schmitz, Dorien Goubert, Maria Encarnacion Aguilar-Ferrandiz
BACKGROUND: Individuals with chronic whiplash associated disorders (WAD) present persistent pain in the absence of structural pathology. In these people, altered central pain processing and central sensitization are observed. The role of personal factors, such as gender and age, on pain processing mechanisms in chronic WAD, however, is still unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated possible gender- and age-related differences in self-reported and experimental pain measurements in people with chronic WAD...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934767/family-planning-unmet-need-and-access-among-itaukei-women-in-new-zealand-and-fiji
#3
Radilaite Cammock, Peter Herbison, Sarah Lovell, Patricia Priest
AIM: The aim of the study was to identify unmet need and family planning access among indigenous Fijian or iTaukei women living in New Zealand and Fiji. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was undertaken between 2012-2013 in five major cities in New Zealand: Auckland, Hamilton, Wellington, Christchurch and Dunedin; and in three suburbs in Fiji. Women who did not want any (more) children but were not using any form of contraception were defined as having an unmet need...
September 22, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934266/logical-inconsistencies-in-time-trade-off-valuation-of-eq-5d-5l-health-states-whose-fault-is-it
#4
Zhihao Yang, Jan van Busschbach, Reinier Timman, M F Janssen, Nan Luo
INTRODUCTION: Inconsistency in the time trade-off (TTO) task in EQ-5D-5L occurs when a respondent gives a higher value to a logically worse health state, the occurrence of inconsistency compromises the quality of the data. It is not yet clear which factors are associated with individual level inconsistency. Relating inconsistency to the characteristics of the respondent, interviewer, and the interview process could be helpful in understanding the causes of inconsistency. The objective of this paper is to discover the factors associated with individual level inconsistencies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934128/neuroticism-predicts-subsequent-risk-of-major-depression-for-whites-but-not-blacks
#5
Shervin Assari
Cultural and ethnic differences in psychosocial and medical correlates of negative affect are well documented. This study aimed to compare blacks and whites for the predictive role of baseline neuroticism (N) on subsequent risk of major depressive episodes (MDD) 25 years later. Data came from the Americans' Changing Lives (ACL) Study, 1986-2011. We used data on 1219 individuals (847 whites and 372 blacks) who had data on baseline N in 1986 and future MDD in 2011. The main predictor of interest was baseline N, measured using three items in 1986...
September 21, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933911/differential-support-for-female-supervisors-among-men-and-women
#6
Andrea C Vial, Victoria L Brescoll, Jaime L Napier, John F Dovidio, Tom R Tyler
Two studies evaluated the lay belief that women feel particularly negatively about other women in the workplace and particularly in supervisory roles. The authors tested the general proposition, derived from social identity theory (Tajfel & Turner, 1979, 2004), that women, compared to men, may be more supportive of other women in positions of authority, whereas men would respond more favorably to other men than to women in positions of authority. Consistent with predictions, data from an online experiment (n = 259), in which the authors randomly assigned men and women to evaluate identical female (vs...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933884/critical-action-as-a-pathway-to-social-mobility-among-marginalized-youth
#7
Luke J Rapa, Matthew A Diemer, Josefina Bañales
Marginalized youth's development occurs in contexts rife with racialized, gendered, and socioeconomic social identity threats and barriers to social mobility. An emergent line of inquiry suggests critical action-a component of critical consciousness, defined as engaging in individual or collective social action to produce social change-may bolster career development for those experiencing marginalization. Yet, the specific mechanisms underlying critical action-career development associations are not well understood...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933880/media-exposure-in-very-young-girls-prospective-and-cross-sectional-relationships-with-bmiz-self-esteem-and-body-size-stereotypes
#8
Rachel F Rodgers, Stephanie R Damiano, Eleanor H Wertheim, Susan J Paxton
Media exposure among young children has been suggested to influence self-concept and the adoption of social stereotypes regarding body weight, as well as being associated with increased weight. The aim of this study was to examine the role of TV/DVD viewing in the development of positive stereotypes toward thinness, self-esteem and body mass index standardized for child age and gender (BMIz) in very young girls. A sample of 143 girls completed interviews at ages 3, 4, and 5 years old. The interviews assessed positive stereotypes about thinness among girls, as well as age 5 dietary restraint...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933877/the-developmental-course-of-community-service-across-the-transition-to-adulthood-in-a-national-u-s-sample
#9
Laura Wray-Lake, John Schulenberg, Katherine M Keyes, Jennifer Shubert
Despite the importance of community service for the well-being of individuals and communities, relatively little is known about the developmental course of community service during the transition to adulthood (TTA). This study tested competing hypotheses about change in community service across the TTA by estimating latent growth models from Ages 18 to 26 in a national U.S. SAMPLE: Analyses tested for cohort differences in community service and for individual differences in developmental trajectories by socioeconomic status, gender, grades, religiosity, race/ethnicity, college expectations, and college degree attainment...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933870/the-role-of-young-adult-social-bonds-substance-problems-and-sexual-risk-in-pathways-between-adolescent-substance-use-and-midlife-risky-sexual-behavior-among-urban-african-americans
#10
Katarzyna A Zebrak, Kerry M Green
African Americans are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections relative to other racial groups. Although substance use has been linked to risky sexual behavior, the understanding of how these associations develop over the life course remains limited, particularly the role of social bonds. This study uses structural equation modeling to examine pathways from adolescent substance use to young adult sexual risk, substance problems, and social bonds and then to midlife risky sexual behavior among African American men and women, controlling for childhood confounders...
September 21, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933802/invesigation-of-prevalence-of-dental-anomalies-by-using-digital-panoramic-radiographs
#11
Nebiha Hilal Bilge, Selin Yeşiltepe, Kübra Törenek Ağırman, Fatma Çağlayan, Osman Murat Bilge
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to evaluate the prevalence of all types and subtypes of dental anomalies among 6 to 40 year-old patients by using panoramic radiographs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted by analyzing digital panoramic radiographs of 1200 patients admitted to our clinic in 2014. Dental anomalies were examined under 5 types and 16 subtypes. Dental anomalies were divided into five types: (a) number (including hypodontia, oligodontia and hyperdontia); (b) size (including microdontia and macrodontia); (c) structure (including amelogenesis imperfecta, dentinogenesis imperfecta and dentin dysplasia); (d) position (including transposition, ectopia, displacement, impaction and inversion); (e) shape (including fusion-gemination, dilaceration and taurodontism); RESULTS: The prevalence of dental anomalies diagnosed by panoramic radiographs was 39...
September 21, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933586/parents-in-adult-psychiatric-care-and-their-children-a-call-for-more-interagency-collaboration-with-social-services-and-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#12
Maria Afzelius, Margareta Östman, Maria Råstam, Gisela Priebe
BACKGROUND: A parental mental illness affects all family members and should warrant a need for support. AIM: To investigate the extent to which psychiatric patients with underage children are the recipients of child-focused interventions and involved in interagency collaboration. METHODS: Data were retrieved from a psychiatric services medical record database consisting of data regarding 29,972 individuals in southern Sweden and indicating the patients' main diagnoses, comorbidity, children below the age of 18, and child-focused interventions...
September 21, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933013/role-of-ramelteon-in-reduction-of-as-needed-antipsychotics-in-elderly-patients-with-delirium-in-a-general-hospital-setting
#13
Aaron Pinkhasov, Sara A James, Melissa Fazzari, Deepan Singh, Sum Lam
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Abnormalities in melatonin levels have been linked to delirium. This dysregulation may be offset with the use of ramelteon, a melatonin receptor agonist. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of ramelteon in decreasing the need for as-needed (PRN) use of antipsychotics in elderly patients with delirium. METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective study involving 488 patients who were placed on constant observation and received care by psychiatric service from May 2015 through October 2015...
September 20, 2017: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932598/the-effects-of-socioeconomic-determinants-on-hypertension-in-a-cardiometabolic-at-risk-european-country
#14
Sarah Cuschieri, Josanne Vassallo, Neville Calleja, Nikolai Pace, Julian Mamo
BACKGROUND: A relationship has been established between socioeconomic status and hypertension. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension and to explore the links between hypertension and socioeconomic factors in the adult population of Malta. METHODS: A national representative cross-sectional health examination study was performed between 2014 and 2016. Sociodemographic and medical history data was gathered by validated questionnaires while blood pressure was measured...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932203/life-satisfaction-of-university-students-in-relation-to-family-and-food-in-a-developing-country
#15
Berta Schnettler, Edgardo Miranda-Zapata, Klaus G Grunert, Germán Lobos, Marianela Denegri, Clementina Hueche, Héctor Poblete
Life satisfaction and satisfaction with food-related life (SWFoL) are associated with healthy eating habits, family interaction around eating and family support. The present study evaluates the relationship between SWFoL and satisfaction with family life (SWFaL), and their relationship with life satisfaction in university students. We identify the relationship of two different types of family support and student SWFaL and explore a moderator effect of gender. A questionnaire was applied to a non-probabilistic sample of 370 students of both genders (mean age 21 years) in Chile, including Satisfaction with Life Scale, SWFoL scale, SWFaL scale, and the Family Resources Scale...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932060/synophrys-epidemiological-study
#16
Pramod Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Fusion of eyebrows above the bridge of nose is known as synophrys and is a normal variation. This variation is also recognized as a clinical feature of several genetic disorders, Cornelia De Lange syndrome being the commonest. Several studies, on aesthetics of face and eyebrows have been conducted, also on the role of eyebrows in emotional expression and nonverbal communication. A recent study has pointed a gene associated with synophrys. Surprisingly, however synophrys and its prevalence in the normal population is not known thus we conducted a study of its prevalence in Oman...
July 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932028/cytological-spectrum-of-salivary-gland-lesions-and-their-correlation-with-epidemiological-parameters
#17
Vaneet Kaur Sandhu, Upender Sharma, Navtej Singh, Arun Puri
BACKGROUND: The role fine-needle aspiration (FNA) in the diagnosis of salivary gland lesions has evolved over the years. Although clinical and radiological parameters help to narrow the differential diagnosis the tissue diagnosis still remains the gold standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is from January 2013 to December 2015 in our Department of Pathology where 170 salivary gland lesions were aspirated. The aim of the present study was to analyze adequacy rate in relation to the size of lesion and to evaluate varied cytological spectrum of salivary gland lesions with emphasis on differential diagnosis and to correlate cytological diagnosis with age, gender and anatomical site...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930844/health-related-quality-of-life-assessment-in-surgical-patients-with-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-a-single-center-analysis-from-mainland-china
#18
Juxiang Gou, Wenjie Cheng, Jianyong Lei, Qian Pan, Wei You, Ming Cai, Huairong Tang, Yali Lei, Zhihui Li, Rixiang Gong, Jinqiang Zhu
Even with a favorable prognosis, the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) patients remains unclear and conflicting. Thus, in the present study, we compared the HRQoL of PTC patients with that of the general population (GP).The study was performed in our thyroid and parathyroid surgery department, and 186 PTC patients who had undergone thyroidectomy were included. The exclusion criteria were an age < 18 years, no follow-up, and the presence of other malignant neoplasms...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929715/-evaluation-of-the-use-of-the-socioeconomic-deprivation-index-at-area-level-in-ecological-studies-on-environment-and-health
#19
Fabrizio Minichilli, Michele Santoro, Fabrizio Bianchi, Nicola Caranci, Marco De Santis, Roberto Pasetto
BACKGROUND: in SENTIERI surveillance system, the health risk assessment in the contaminated sites (CSs) was carried out considering the socioeconomic deprivation index (ID-SENTIERI) at the municipal level as a confounder. Pasetto et al. discussed the use of IDs in ecological studies and proposed to examine the role of ID-SENTIERI as a confounder. OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the initial conditions necessary for the role of confounding, i.e., the verification of an association of the ID-SENTIERI with the risk of some of the diseases for which evidence of a relationship with the socioeconomic state (SES) is documented in the literature...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929027/the-role-of-polycarbonate-monomer-bisphenol-a-in-insulin-resistance
#20
Milos Pjanic
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a synthetic unit of polycarbonate polymers and epoxy resins, the types of plastics that could be found in essentially every human population and incorporated into almost every aspect of the modern human society. BPA polymers appear in a wide range of products, from liquid storages (plastic bottles, can and glass linings, water pipes and tanks) and food storages (plastics wraps and containers), to medical and dental devices. BPA polymers could be hydrolyzed spontaneously or in a photo- or temperature-catalyzed process, providing widespread environmental distribution and chronic exposure to the BPA monomer in contemporary human populations...
2017: PeerJ
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