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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126853/absorption-metabolism-distribution-and-excretion-of-epicatechin-a-review-of-recent-findings
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Gina Borges, Javier I Ottaviani, Justin J J van der Hooft, Hagen Schroeter, Alan Crozier
This paper reviews pioneering human studies, their limitations and recent investigations on the absorption, metabolism, distribution and excretion (aka bioavailability) of (-)-epicatechin. Progress has been made possible by improvements in mass spectrometric detection when coupled to high performance liquid chromatography and through the increasing availability of authentic reference compounds of in vivo metabolites of (-)-epicatechin. Studies have shown that [2-14 C](-)-epicatechin is absorbed in the small intestine with the 12 structural-related (-)-epicatechin metabolites (SREMs), mainly in the form of (-)-epicatechin-3'-O-glucuronide, 3'-O-methyl-(-)-epicatechin-5-sulfate and (-)-epicatechin-3'-sulfate, attaining sub-μmol/L peak plasma concentrations (Cmax ) ∼1 h after ingestion...
June 2018: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25866578/endoscopic-palliation-of-advanced-esophageal-cancer
#2
A Mocanu, R Bârla, P Hoara, S Constantinoiu
Esophageal cancer represents one of the most aggressive digestive tumors, with a survival rate at 5 years of only 10%. Globally, during the last three decades, there has been an increasing incidence of the esophageal cancer, approx. 400,000 new esophageal cancers being currently diagnosed annually. This represents the eighth leading cause of cancer incidence and the sixth leading cause of cancer death overall. Taking into account the population's global aging and thus, the increase in the number of patients who will not bear surgery, PCT and radiation, or the fact that they do not want it especially because of deficiencies and associated pathology, the endoscopic ablative techniques with palliation purposes represent the alternative...
April 2015: Journal of Medicine and Life
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