keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cu Zn superoxide dismutase

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649040/oxidative-potential-of-particulate-matter-2-5-as-predictive-indicator-of-cellular-stress
#1
Bélinda Crobeddu, Leticia Aragao-Santiago, Linh-Chi Bui, Sonja Boland, Armelle Baeza Squiban
Particulate air pollution being recognized to be responsible for short and long term health effects, regulations for particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 (PM2.5) are more and more restrictive. PM2.5 regulation is based on mass without taking into account PM2.5 composition that drives toxicity. Measurement of the oxidative potential (OP) of PM could be an additional PM indicator that would encompass the PM components involved in oxidative stress, the main mechanism of PM toxicity. We compared different methods to evaluate the intrinsic oxidative potential of PM2...
June 22, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645283/oocyte-polarized-light-microscopy-assay-of-specific-follicular-fluid-metabolites-and-gene-expression-in-cumulus-cells-as-different-approaches-to-predict-fertilization-efficiency-after-icsi
#2
Alberto Revelli, Stefano Canosa, Loredana Bergandi, Oleksii A Skorokhod, Valentina Biasoni, Andrea Carosso, Angela Bertagna, Milena Maule, Elisabetta Aldieri, Maria Diletta D'Eufemia, Francesca Evangelista, Nicola Colacurci, Chiara Benedetto
BACKGROUND: The complex relationship between oocyte morphology, specific follicular fluid metabolites, gene expression in cumulus granulosa cells, and oocyte competence toward fertilization and embryo development still needs further clarification. METHODS: Forty-six oocytes retrieved from the largest pre-ovulatory follicle of patients undergoing intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) were considered assessing: (a) oocyte morphological characteristics at polarized light microscopy (PLM), (b) specific follicular fluid (FF) metabolites previously suggested to influence oocyte competence (AMH, markers of redox status and of cytotoxicity), (c) transcription of AMH and AMH type II receptor genes in cumulus cells...
June 23, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641718/alterations-in-lipid-profile-zinc-and-copper-levels-and-superoxide-dismutase-activities-in-normal-pregnancy-and-preeclampsia
#3
Pardis Keshavarz, B Fatemeh Nobakht M Gh, Seyed Reza Mirhafez, Mohsen Nematy, Mohsen Azimi-Nezhad, Sedigheh Ayati Afin, Habibollah Esmaily, Leila Pourali, Atieh Mehdizadeh Hakak, Mohammad Soukhtanloo, Masoumeh Mirteimouri, Nayereh Ghomian, Gordon A Ferns
BACKGROUND: Increased oxidative stress (OS) and lipid peroxidation may be involved in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia (PE). We conducted a case-control study to evaluate the levels of plasma lipids and trace elements as well as activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) in PE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study consisted of 100 patients who had been diagnosed with PE and 100 normotensive pregnant women who underwent medical checkups that served as the control group. Lipid profile, zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu) levels and SOD activities were measured in the plasma of all subjects...
June 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639705/cloning-and-characterization-of-iron-superoxide-dismutase-in-antarctic-yeast-strain-rhodotorula-mucilaginosa-an5
#4
Guangfeng Kan, Hua Wen, Xiaofei Wang, Ting Zhou, Cuijuan Shi
A novel superoxide dismutase gene from Antarctic yeast Rhodotorula mucilaginosa AN5 was cloned, sequenced, and then expressed in Escherichia coli. The R. mucilaginosa AN5 SOD (RmFeSOD) gene was 639 bp open reading frame in length, which encoded a protein of 212 amino acids with a deduced molecular mass of 23.5 kDa and a pI of 7.89. RmFeSOD was identified as iron SOD type with a natural status of homodimer. The recombinant RmFeSOD showed good pH stability in the pH 1.0-9.0 after 1 h incubation. Meanwhile, it was found to behave relatively high thermostability, and maintained more than 80% activity at 50 °C for 1 h...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633104/transcriptional-and-cellular-effects-of-paracetamol-in-the-oyster-crassostrea-gigas
#5
M J Bebianno, A C P Mello, M A S Serrano, F Flores-Nunes, J J Mattos, F L Zacchi, C E Piazza, M N Siebert, R S Piazza, C H A M Gomes, C M R Melo, A C D Bainy
Acetaminophen (paracetamol) (PAR) is one of the most popular non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) with analgesic and antipyretic properties consumed worldwide and often detected in the aquatic environment. Due to the fact that PAR induces oxidative stress in mammals, the aim of this study was to evaluate if similar effects were observed in oysters Crassostrea gigas, given their economic and ecological importance and worldwide distribution. Oysters were exposed for 1, 4 and 7 days to two different sublethal PAR concentrations (0, 1 and 100μgL(-1))...
June 17, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624940/effect-of-heavy-metals-on-tissue-specific-antioxidant-response-in-indian-major-carps
#6
Debjit Das, Mahammed Moniruzzaman, Adity Sarbajna, Suman Bhusan Chakraborty
Concentrations of heavy metals (Cu, Ni, Zn, Cd and Pb) were measured in sediments, water and liver and kidney tissues of three Indian major carps (Labeo rohita, Catla catla and Cirrhinus cirrhosus), belonging to two different weight groups (250 and 500 g), collected from ponds at two different sites (Nalban bheri and Diamond Harbour). The tissues were analysed for the levels of different antioxidant defence systems such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione reductase (GRd), glutathione S-transferase (GST), glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA)...
June 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622869/brucella-lipopolysaccharide-reinforced-salmonella-delivering-brucella-immunogens-protects-mice-against-virulent-challenge
#7
Jonathan Lalsiamthara, John Hwa Lee
Intracellular pathogen Salmonella exhibits natural infection broadly analogous to Brucella, this phenomenon makes Salmonella a pragmatic choice for an anti-Brucella vaccine delivery platform. In this study we developed and formulated a combination of four attenuated Salmonella Typhimurium live vector strains delivering heterologous Brucella antigens (rBs), namely lumazine synthase, proline racemase subunit A, lipoprotein outer membrane protein-19, and Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase. With an aim to develop a cross-protecting vaccine, Brucella pan-species conserved rBs were selected...
June 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608211/zymography-methods-to-simultaneously-analyze-superoxide-dismutase-and-catalase-activities-novel-application-for-yeast-species-identification
#8
Esther Gamero-Sandemetrio, Rocío Gómez-Pastor, Emilia Matallana
We provide an optimized protocol for a double staining technique to analyze superoxide dismutase enzymatic isoforms Cu-Zn SOD (Sod1) and Mn-SOD (Sod2) and catalase in the same polyacrylamide gel. The use of NaCN, which specifically inhibits yeast Sod1 isoform, allows the analysis of Sod2 isoform while the use of H2O2 allows the analysis of catalase. The identification of a different zymography profiling of SOD and catalase isoforms in different yeast species allowed us to propose this technique as a novel yeast identification and classification strategy...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606861/the-molecular-characterizations-of-cu-znsod-and-mnsod-and-its-responses-of-mrna-expression-and-enzyme-activity-to-aeromonas-hydrophila-or-lipopolysaccharide-challenge-in-qihe-crucian-carp-carassius-auratus
#9
Xianghui Kong, Dan Qiao, Xianliang Zhao, Li Wang, Jie Zhang, Dandan Liu, Hongxu Zhang
Superoxide dismutases (SODs), as the prime antioxidant enzymes, present the first line of defense against oxidative stress caused by excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) in organism. In the study, two distinct members of SOD family were cloned and analyzed in Qihe crucian carp Carassius auratus (designated as CaCu/ZnSOD and CaMnSOD, respectively). The full-length cDNA of CaCu/ZnSOD is 759 bp, containing a 5' -untranslated region (UTR) of 39 bp, a ORF (including stop codon, TAG) of 465 bp and a 3'-UTR of 255 bp...
June 10, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585802/cu-zn-superoxide-dismutase-forms-amyloid-fibrils-under-near-physiological-quiescent-conditions-the-roles-of-disulfide-bonds-and-effects-of-denaturant
#10
M Ashhar I Khan, Michal Respondek, Sven Kjellstrom, Shashank Deep, Sara Linse, Mikael Akke
Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) forms intracellular aggregates that are pathological indicators of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. A large body of research indicates that the entry point to aggregate formation is a monomeric, metal-ion free (apo), and disulfide-reduced species. Fibril formation by SOD1 in vitro has typically been reported only for harsh solvent conditions or mechanical agitation. Here we show that monomeric apo-SOD1 in the disulfide-reduced state forms fibrillar aggregates under near-physiological quiescent conditions...
June 6, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576725/imaging-of-glial-cell-morphology-sod1-distribution-and-elemental-composition-in-the-brainstem-and-hippocampus-of-the-als-hsod1-g93a-rat
#11
Stefan Stamenković, Tanja Dučić, Vera Stamenković, Alexander Kranz, Pavle R Andjus
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disorder affecting motor and cognitive domains of the CNS. Mutations in the Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1) cause 20% of familial ALS and provoke formation of intracellular aggregates and copper and zinc unbinding, leading to glial activation and neurodegeneration. Therefore, we investigated glial cell morphology, intracellular SOD1 distribution, and elemental composition in the brainstem and hippocampus of the hSOD1(G93A) transgenic rat model of ALS...
May 31, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575748/effects-of-triclosan-tcs-on-fecundity-the-antioxidant-system-and-oxidative-stress-mediated-gene-expression-in-the-copepod-tigriopus-japonicus
#12
Jun Chul Park, Jeonghoon Han, Min-Chul Lee, Jung Soo Seo, Jae-Seong Lee
Triclosan (TCS) is an antimicrobial agent that has been widely dispersed and detected in the marine environment. However, the effects of TCS in marine invertebrates are poorly understood. In this study, the effects of TCS on life cycle history (e.g. mortality and fecundity) along with cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, GSH content, antioxidant enzymatic activities, and mRNA expression levels of oxidative stress-mediated genes were measured in the copepod Tigriopus japonicus. The no observed effect concentration (NOEC) and median lethal concentration (LC50) of TCS in the adult stage were determined to be 300μg/L and 437...
May 26, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574428/reduced-dietary-selenium-impairs-vascular-function-by-increasing-oxidative-stress-in-sprague-dawley-rat-aortas
#13
Ana Stupin, Anita Cosic, Sanja Novak, Monika Vesel, Ivana Jukic, Brigita Popovic, Krunoslav Karalic, Zdenko Loncaric, Ines Drenjancevic
This study aimed to determine whether low dietary Se content affects the function and mechanisms mediating the vascular relaxation of rat aortas, and to test the role of oxidative stress in observed differences. Male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were maintained for 10 weeks on low Se (low-Se group; N = 20) or normal Se content (norm-Se group; N = 20) rat chow. Dose responses to acetylcholine (ACh; 10(-9)-10(-5)M) and the response to reduced pO₂ were tested in noradrenaline-precontracted aortic rings in the absence/presence of the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME), the cyclooxygenase 1 and 2 (COX-1, 2) inhibitor Indomethacin, and the antioxidative agent Tempol in tissue bath...
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567570/%C3%AE-adrenergic-signaling-monoamine-oxidase-a-and-antioxidant-defence-in-the-myocardium-of-shr-and-shr-mtbn-conplastic-rat-strains-the-effect-of-chronic-hypoxia
#14
Klara Hahnova, Iveta Brabcova, Jan Neckar, Romana Weissova, Anna Svatonova, Olga Novakova, Jitka Zurmanova, Martin Kalous, Jan Silhavy, Michal Pravenec, Frantisek Kolar, Jiri Novotny
The β-adrenergic signaling pathways and antioxidant defence mechanisms play important roles in maintaining proper heart function. Here, we examined the effect of chronic normobaric hypoxia (CNH, 10% O2, 3 weeks) on myocardial β-adrenergic signaling and selected components of the antioxidant system in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and in a conplastic SHR-mtBN strain characterized by the selective replacement of the mitochondrial genome of SHR with that of the more ischemia-resistant Brown Norway strain...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560124/multidrug-resistant-invasive-nontyphoidal-salmonella-isolated-from-and-masquerading-healed-tubercular-constrictive-pericarditis-and-study-of-virulence-markers
#15
Reetika Dawar, Anoop Ganjoo, Firdaus Imdadi, Vasundhra Bhandari
Among the infectious causes of pericarditis are various bacteria, viruses, fungal and parasitic infections. The course disease may progress to a chronic constrictive pattern especially with tubercular etiology. Non-typhoidal Salmonella has rarely been reported as a cause of pericarditis. We describe here a case from which the pericardial fluid from an old case of tubercular pericarditis sent for culture to microbiology laboratory grew a Salmonella typhimurium. We studied the antibiotic resistance pattern, phage type and virulence factors playing a role in the invasive nature of the pathogen since no such study from pericardial fluid was found in the literature...
April 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558143/parsing-disease-relevant-protein-modifications-from-epiphenomena-perspective-on-the-structural-basis-of-sod1-mediated-als
#16
N D Schmitt, J N Agar
Conformational change and modification of proteins are involved in many cellular functions. However, they can also have adverse effects that are implicated in numerous diseases. How structural change promotes disease is generally not well understood. This perspective illustrates how mass spectrometry (MS), followed by toxicological and epidemiological validation, can discover disease-relevant structural changes and therapeutic strategies. We (with our collaborators) set out to characterize the structural and toxic consequences of disease-associated mutations and post-translational modifications (PTMs) of the cytosolic antioxidant protein Cu/Zn-Superoxide dismutase (SOD1)...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554691/melatonin-confers-plant-tolerance-against-cadmium-stress-via-the-decrease-of-cadmium-accumulation-and-reestablishment-of-microrna-mediated-redox-homeostasis
#17
Quan Gu, Ziping Chen, Xiuli Yu, Weiti Cui, Jincheng Pan, Gan Zhao, Sheng Xu, Ren Wang, Wenbiao Shen
Although melatonin-alleviated cadmium (Cd) toxicity both in animals and plants have been well studied, little is known about its regulatory mechanisms in plants. Here, we discovered that Cd stress stimulated the production of endogenous melatonin in alfalfa seedling root tissues. The pretreatment with exogenous melatonin not only increased melatonin content, but also alleviated Cd-induced seedling growth inhibition. The melatonin-rich transgenic Arabidopsis plants overexpressing alfalfa SNAT (a melatonin synthetic gene) exhibited more tolerance than wild-type plants under Cd conditions...
August 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550515/fluctuating-asymmetry-rather-than-oxidative-stress-in-bufo-raddei-can-be-an-accurate-indicator-of-environmental-pollution-induced-by-heavy-metals
#18
Rui Guo, Wenya Zhang, Shiwei Ai, Liang Ren, Yingmei Zhang
Oxidative stress (OS) and fluctuating asymmetry (FA) as risk markers for environmental stress are widely used to predict changes in the health and fitness of many animals exposed to pollutants. However, from the perspective of protecting declining amphibians, it remains to be verified which one would be a reliable indicator for amphibians exposed to long-term heavy metal pollution under natural conditions. In this study, the OS and FA of Bufo raddei exposed to natural heavy metal pollution were analyzed to determine which marker is more accurate for indicating heavy metal-induced stress...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538700/stability-profiles-and-therapeutic-effect-of-cu-zn-superoxide-dismutase-chemically-coupled-to-o-quaternary-chitosan-derivatives-against-dextran-sodium-sulfate-induced-colitis
#19
Nan Zhao, Zhaolong Feng, Meng Shao, Jichao Cao, Fengshan Wang, Chunhui Liu
Superoxide dismutase (SOD) has attracted considerable attention on treatment of reactive oxygen species (ROS)-related disorders. We previously conjugated Cu/Zn SOD to O-quaternary chitosan derivatives (O-HTCC) to yield a polymer-enzyme conjugate O-HTCC-SOD that demonstrated superior therapeutic effect to native SOD. The present study demonstrated that O-HTCC-SOD had wider pH activity range, better thermal stability, excellent long-term stability for storage, as well as unique reinstatement of activity exposure to proteolytic degradation that was helpful for longer half-life in vivo...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537033/oxidative-and-cellular-stress-as-bioindicators-for-metal-contamination-in-freshwater-mollusk-lamellidens-marginalis
#20
Neeraj Kumar, Kishore Kumar Krishnani, Narendra Pratap Singh
The concentrations of 14 metals, namely, chromium (Cr), manganese (Mn), cobalt (Co), nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), selenium (Se), arsenic (As), strontium (Sr), cadmium (Cd), tin (Sn), antimony (Sb), mercury, (Hg), and lead (Pb), have been studied in freshwater mollusk Lamellidens marginalis collected from Dhimbe reservoir. In addition, also studied the cellular and antioxidative status to assess metal contamination as pollution biomarkers. The levels of all the 14 metals were elevated in different sampling sites of Dhimbe reservoir...
May 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
keyword
keyword
59297
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"