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Cu Zn superoxide dismutase

Lu Tang, Yan Ma, Xiaolu Liu, Lu Chen, Dongsheng Fan
We identified a missense alanine to valine mutation at codon 4 (A4V) in the Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) gene in a 51-year-old male of Chinese origin with familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The patient displayed a typical A4V-related phenotype that included rapid progression and predominant lower motor neuron involvement. This patient is the first such carrier reported outside Caucasian ALS patients, despite the fact that A4V mutations account for up to 50% of all SOD1 mutations in North America...
March 22, 2018: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
Gracjana Leonowicz, Kamil F Trzebuniak, Paulina Zimak-Piekarczyk, Ireneusz Ślesak, Beata Mysliwa-Kurdziel
Unbound tetrapyrroles, i.e. protochlorophyllide (Pchlide), chlorophyllide and chlorophylls, bring the risk of reactive oxygen species (ROS) being generated in the initial stages of angiosperm deetiolation due to inefficient usage of the excitation energy for photosynthetic photochemistry. We analyzed the activity of superoxide dismutases (SODs) in etiolated wheat (Triticum aestivum) leaves and at the beginning of their deetiolation. Mn-SOD and three isoforms of Cu/Zn-SODs were identified both in etiolated and greening leaves of T...
2018: PloS One
Ashraf M Abdel-Moneim, Mohamed A Al-Kahtani, Omar M Elmenshawy, Hany Elsawy, Aly M Hafez, Marwa A Genena
In this field study, the levels of heavy metals (Pb, Fe, Co, Cu, and Zn) in water and a suite of biochemical and histological biomarkers in the grouper ( Epinephelus tauvina) were assessed at four sites in the Arabian Gulf. Samples were taken from a relatively non-urban reference site, called Salwa (S1), and three effluent-dominated sites, namely Al-aziziyah in southern Dammam city (S2), the Al-Jubail coast (S3), and Manifa (S4). Toxic metals, namely Pb and Co (at all sites) and Fe (at S3), were elevated in water samples relative to the internationally permissible limits...
January 1, 2018: Toxicology and Industrial Health
Eiichi Tokuda, Takao Nomura, Shinji Ohara, Seiji Watanabe, Koji Yamanaka, Yuta Morisaki, Hidemi Misawa, Yoshiaki Furukawa
Dominant mutations in the gene encoding copper and zinc-binding superoxide dismutase (SOD1) cause amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Abnormal accumulation of misfolded SOD1 proteins in spinal motoneurons is a major pathological hallmark in SOD1-related ALS. Dissociation of copper and/or zinc ions from SOD1 has been shown to trigger the protein aggregation/oligomerization in vitro, but the pathological contribution of such metal dissociation to the SOD1 misfolding still remains obscure. Here, we tested the relevance of the metal-deficient SOD1 in the misfolding in vivo by developing a novel antibody (anti-apoSOD), which exclusively recognized mutant SOD1 deficient in metal ions at its copper-binding site...
March 15, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Ravi Prakash Pal, Veena Mani, Deepika Tripathi, Chander Datt
The aim of the study was to assess the effect of inorganic vanadium (V) supplementation on antioxidant enzymes, immune status, and haemato-biochemical attributes of growing crossbred calves. Twenty-four male Karan Fries calves (Tharparkar × Holstein Friesian) (initial body mass 72.83 ± 2.5 kg; age 3-9 month) were randomly allocated to four groups: the control (received basal diet devoid of supplemental V), the 3 ppm (received basal diet with 3 mg/kg V), the 6 ppm (received basal diet with 6 mg/kg V) and the 9 ppm group (received basal diet with 9 mg/kg V)...
March 17, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Muaz Belviranli, Nilsel Okudan, Nuran Karakuyu
The objective of this investigation was to compare irisin concentration and its relation with oxidative stress markers, antioxidant enzymes and element levels in both male adolescent swimmers and sedentary controls. Twelve male swimmers aged between 11 and 18 years, who performed regular swimming training for at least 2 years and 12 age- and gender-matched sedentary controls participated in this study. After anthropometric measurements were performed, fasting venous blood samples were taken at rest. Irisin, malondialdehyde (MDA) as a marker of oxidative stress, superoxide dismutase (SOD) as a marker of antioxidant enzyme and elements (Zn, Cu, Se, Cr, Ni, Al, Fe) were analyzed in these samples...
March 16, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
S J Hartman, O N Genther-Schroeder, S L Hansen
To compare trace mineral (TM) repletion in feedlot steers after depletion by S and Mo, 72 Red Angus steers blocked by BW (253 ± 14 kg) were assigned (6 steers per pen, fed via GrowSafe bunks) to corn silage depletion diets (DEP) supplemented with NRC (1996) recommended concentrations of Cu, Mn, Se, and Zn (CON) or supplemented with 0.3% S (CaSO4), 2 mg of Mo/kg DM, and no added Cu, Mn, Zn, or Se (ANT). Three 62 d TM repletion strategies (REP) were applied within DEP diets on d 89: 1) Multimin90 injection (contains Cu, Mn, Se, Zn) and 100% of recommended Cu, Mn, Zn, and Se from inorganic sources (ITM), 2) saline injection and 150% of recommended TM from inorganic sources (ING), or 3) saline injection and 150% of recommended TM provided as 25% organic and 75% inorganic sources (BLEND)...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
T Gabriel Enge, Heath Ecroyd, Dianne F Jolley, Justin J Yerbury, Bernadett Kalmar, Anthony Dosseto
BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is among the most common of the motor neuron diseases, and arguably the most devastating. During the course of this fatal neurodegenerative disorder, motor neurons undergo progressive degeneration. The currently best-understood animal models of ALS are based on the over-expression of mutant isoforms of Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1); these indicate that there is a perturbation in metal homeostasis with disease progression. Copper metabolism in particular is affected in the central nervous system (CNS) and muscle tissue...
March 7, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
Xiaofeng Liu, Mi Zhou, Yanling Yang, Jing Wu, Qisheng Peng
Brucella Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase (Cu-Zn SOD) is a periplasmic protein, and immunization of mice with recombinant Cu-Zn SOD protein confers protection against Brucella abortus infection. However, the role of Cu-Zn SOD during the process of Brucella infection remains unknown. Here, we report that Cu-Zn SOD is secreted into culture medium and is translocated into host cells independent of type IV secretion systems (T4SS). Furthermore, co-immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence studies reveal that Brucella abortus Cu-Zn SOD interacts with the small GTPase Sar1...
February 9, 2018: Oncotarget
Shao-Ming Wang, Sher-Wei Lim, Ya-Han Wang, Hong-Yi Lin, Ming-Derg Lai, Chiung-Yuan Ko, Ju-Ming Wang
Excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) can form an oxidative stress and an associated neuroinflammation. However, the contribution of astrocytes to ROS formation, the cause of the resistance of astrocytes to oxidative stress, and the consequences on neurons remain largely uninvestigated. The transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein delta (CEBPD) is highly expressed in astrocytes and has been suggested to contribute to the progress of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study, we found that ROS formation and expression of p47phox and p67phox , subunits of NADPH oxidase, were increased in AppTg mice but attenuated in AppTg/Cebpd-/- mice...
February 16, 2018: Redox Biology
Yeong-Min Yoo, Yung Chul Park
Streptozotocin (STZ), a glucose analog, induces diabetes in experimental animals by inducing preferential cytotoxicity in pancreatic beta cells. We investigated whether STZ reduced the production of intracellular insulin through autophagy in insulinoma INS-1E cells. Typically, 2 mM STZ treatment for 24 h significantly decreased cell survival. STZ treatment led to significant decrease in phospho-AMP-activated protein kinase (p-AMPK) level; reduction in levels of phospho-protein kinase R-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK) and inositol-requiring enzyme 1α (IRE1α); significant reduction in levels of p85α, p110, phospho-serine and threonine kinase/protein kinase B (p-Akt/PKB) (Ser473), phospho-extracellular-regulated kinase (p-ERK), and phospho-mammalian target of rapamycin (p-mTOR); increase in levels of Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD), Mn-SOD, and catalase; decrease in B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) expression; increase in Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) expression; increase in levels of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) and Beclin 1; and reduction in production of intracellular insulin...
February 27, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
Xin Zhao, Peng Sun, Guijie Li, Ruokun Yi, Yu Qian, Kun-Young Park
We conducted the present study to determine the gastric injury preventive effects of polyphenols in Kuding tea (KTPs) in Kunming (KM) mice through the inhibition of gastric-acid secretion and the protection of the gastric mucosa. Mice treated with a high concentration of Kuding tea polyphenols (HKTP) had lower serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-12, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), motilin (MOT), substance P (SP), and endothelin-1 (ET-1), and higher serum levels of somatostatin (SS) and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) than did the mice in the control group...
February 27, 2018: Food & Function
Keisuke Ikeda, Cem Simsek, Takashi Kojima, Kazunari Higa, Motoko Kawashima, Murat Dogru, Takahiko Shimizu, Kazuo Tsubota, Jun Shimazaki
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to investigate the effect of 3% diquafosol sodium eye drops on meibomian gland and ocular surface alterations in the superoxide dismutase-1 (Sod1-/- ) mice in comparison to the wild-type mouse. METHODS: Three percent diquafosol sodium eye drop was instilled to 20 eyes of 10 50-week-old male Sod1-/- mice and 22 eyes of 11 C57BL/6 strain 50-week-old wild-type (WT) male mice six times a day for 2 weeks. Aqueous tear secretion quantity was measured with phenol red-impregnated cotton threads without anesthesia...
February 27, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Robert M Culik, Ashok Sekhar, Jayashree Nagesh, Harmeen Deol, Jessica A O Rumfeldt, Elizabeth M Meiering, Lewis E Kay
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating fatal syndrome characterized by very rapid degeneration of motor neurons. A leading hypothesis is that ALS is caused by toxic protein misfolding and aggregation, as also occurs in many other neurodegenerative disorders, such as prion, Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and Huntington's diseases. A prominent cause of familial ALS is mutations in the protein superoxide dismutase (SOD1), which promote the formation of misfolded SOD1 conformers that are prone to aberrant interactions both with each other and with other cellular components...
March 13, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Timothy A Snider, Arlan Richardson, Julie A Stoner, Sathyaseelan S Deepa
The Geropathology Grading Platform (GGP) that is being developed by the Geropathology Research Network provides a grading system that allows investigators to assess biological aging in mice by measuring the pathological status of a wide range of tissues in a standardized scoring system. The GGP is a grading system that generates a numerical score for the total lesions in each tissue, which when averaged over the mice in the cohort provides a composite lesion score (CLS) for each tissue and mouse. In this study, we tested ability of the GGP to predict accelerated aging in mice null for Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase (Sod1KO mice), which have been shown to have reduced lifespan and healthspan...
February 24, 2018: GeroScience
Xiangli Sun, Yan Xu, Qiqiong Zhang, Xiuzhen Li, Zhongzheng Yan
The frequency and duration of tidal flooding significantly influence the bioavailability of heavy metals (HMs) in sediment and hence exert toxicological effects on coastal wetland plants. In this study, the combined effects of different water inundation times (3, 6, 9, and 12 h) and HMs (Cu, Zn, Pb, and Cr) on the photosynthesis and physiology of Spartina alterniflora were investigated under greenhouse conditions. Results showed that S. alterniflora was somehow tolerant to the combined HMs treatments, and only the highest level of HM treatment decreased leaf chlorophyll content...
February 14, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
M Narasimhaiah, A Arunachalam, S Sellappan, V K Mayasula, P R Guvvala, S K Ghosh, V Chandra, J Ghosh, H Kumar
Trace minerals feeding had significant effects on sperm production and fertility with better absorption and proper utilization within the body for optimum reproductive function. Several studies have shown that more influenced trace elements in the diets of animals are copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn). Bucks showing deficiency of this mineral might affect the quality of semen production which in turn would affect the fertility. This experiment was thus designed to test the effects of organic Cu and Zn supplementation on antioxidants enzyme activities and sperm functional attributes in fresh semen of bucks...
February 15, 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Yipu Xu, Baoxing Pang, Liang Hu, Xiaoyu Feng, Lei Hu, Jingsong Wang, Chunmei Zhang, Songlin Wang
Xerostomia, a major oral symptom of menopause, is a subjective feeling of dry mouth associated with oral pain and difficulties in deglutition and speech, which significantly reduces patient's quality of life. Dietary nitrate, which can be converted to nitric oxide, has multiple physiological functions in the body, including antioxidant activity and vasodilatation; however, its protective effect against xerostomia remains poorly understood. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of dietary nitrate on estrogen deficiency-induced xerostomia...
February 9, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Xiaoming Sun, Lin Lu, Xiudong Liao, Liyang Zhang, Xi Lin, Xugang Luo, Qiugang Ma
The role of in ovo zinc (Zn) injection in improving the embryonic development in eggs from Zn-deficient hens, via epigenetic and antioxidant mechanisms, was examined. A completely randomized design involving a 1 (the non-injected control) + 1 (the injected control with sterilized water) + 2 (Zn source) × 2 (Zn level) factorial arrangement of treatments was used. The two injected Zn sources were inorganic Zn sulfate and organic Zn-lysine chelate with a moderate chelation strength, and the two injected Zn levels were 50 and 100 μg Zn/egg...
February 9, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Lina Yan, Yaling Liu, Can Sun, Qian Zheng, Pengli Hao, Jingxu Zhai, Yuanyuan Liu
BACKGROUND Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive muscular dystrophy and paralysis; most ALS patients die from respiratory failure within 3 to 5 years, and there is currently no effective treatment. Some studies have indicated sex differences in the incidence of ALS, and evidence suggests a neuroprotective role for estrogen. MATERIAL AND METHODS We used human Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (hSOD1-G93A) transgenic mice to determine the effects of ovariotomy on the onset of disease and behavior; we also used Western blotting to measure the expression of aromatase and estrogen receptors, as well as the inflammatory cytokines and apoptosis markers, in the lumbar spinal cord to determine the mechanism of estrogen-mediated neuroprotection...
February 2, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
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