keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Heart cardiology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441030/measuring-cardiac-output-during-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing
#1
Carlo Vignati, Gaia Cattadori
Cardiac output is a key parameter in the assessment of cardiac function, and its measurement is fundamental to the diagnosis, treatment, and prognostic evaluation of all heart diseases. Until recently, cardiac output determination during exercise had been only possible through invasive methods, which were not practical in the clinical setting. Since oxygen uptake (V.O2) is cardiac output times arteriovenous content difference [C(a-v)O2)], evaluation of cardiac output is usually included its measurement. Because of the difficulty of directly measuring peak exercise cardiac output, indirect surrogate parameters have been proposed, but with only modest clinical usefulness...
April 25, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439891/the-new-era-of-chelation-treatments-effectiveness-and-safety-of-10-different-regimens-for-controlling-iron-overloading-in-thalassaemia-major
#2
REVIEW
Rosario Di Maggio, Aurelio Maggio
This review outlines the effectiveness and safety of 10 different regimens for controlling iron overloading in thalassaemia major (TM). For each treatment, the strength of the evidence was documented according to the guidelines of the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association. Serum ferritin (SF), liver iron concentration (LIC), heart T2* signal, heart damage and survival were used to assess effectiveness. Five chelation regimens out of 10 showed Level A Evidence in controlling iron overloading, as determined by SF levels and LIC...
April 25, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438733/use-and-customization-of-risk-scores-for-predicting-cardiovascular-events-using-electronic-health-record-data
#3
Julian Wolfson, David M Vock, Sunayan Bandyopadhyay, Thomas Kottke, Gabriela Vazquez-Benitez, Paul Johnson, Gediminas Adomavicius, Patrick J O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Clinicians who are using the Framingham Risk Score (FRS) or the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Pooled Cohort Equations (PCE) to estimate risk for their patients based on electronic health data (EHD) face 4 questions. (1) Do published risk scores applied to EHD yield accurate estimates of cardiovascular risk? (2) Are FRS risk estimates, which are based on data that are up to 45 years old, valid for a contemporary patient population seeking routine care? (3) Do the PCE make the FRS obsolete? (4) Does refitting the risk score using EHD improve the accuracy of risk estimates? METHODS AND RESULTS: Data were extracted from the EHD of 84 116 adults aged 40 to 79 years who received care at a large healthcare delivery and insurance organization between 2001 and 2011...
April 24, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437620/american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-and-american-college-of-endocrinology-guidelines-for-management-of-dyslipidemia-and-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#4
Paul S Jellinger, Yehuda Handelsman, Paul D Rosenblit, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Vivian A Fonseca, Alan J Garber, George Grunberger, Chris K Guerin, David S H Bell, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Rachel Pessah-Pollack, Kathleen Wyne, Donald Smith, Eliot A Brinton, Sergio Fazio, Michael Davidson
OBJECTIVE: The development of these guidelines is mandated by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) Board of Directors and American College of Endocrinology (ACE) Board of Trustees and adheres with published AACE protocols for the standardized production of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). METHODS: Recommendations are based on diligent reviews of the clinical evidence with transparent incorporation of subjective factors, according to established AACE/ACE guidelines for guidelines protocols...
April 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437212/the-impact-of-communication-skills-training-on-cardiology-fellows-and-attending-physicians-perceived-comfort-with-difficult-conversations
#5
Kathryn Berlacher, Robert M Arnold, Eva Reitschuler-Cross, Jeffrey Teuteberg, Winifred Teuteberg
BACKGROUND: Cardiologists need to decide which treatments are appropriate for seriously ill patients and whether they align with patient goals. Reconciling medical options with patients' wishes requires skilled communication. Although there is evidence that communication is teachable, few cardiologists receive formal training. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that providing communication skills training to cardiologists is feasible and improves their perceived preparedness (PP) for leading difficult conversations...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436859/in-vivo-intracardiac-vector-velocity-imaging-using-phased-array-transducers-for-pediatric-cardiology
#6
Solveig Fadnes, Morten Wigen, Siri Ann Nyrnes, Lasse Lovstakken
Two-dimensional blood speckle tracking has shown promise for measuring complex flow patterns in neonatal hearts using linear arrays and high-frame-rate plane wave imaging. For general pediatric applications, however, the need for phased array probes emerges due to the limited intercostal acoustic window available. In this work, a clinically approved real-time duplex imaging setup with phased array probes was used to investigate the potential of blood speckle tracking for 2-D vector velocity imaging of children with congenital heart disease...
April 24, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434933/assessing-the-eligibility-criteria-in-phase-iii-randomized-controlled-trials-of-drug-therapy-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-the-critical-play-off-between-a-pure-patient-phenotype-and-the-generalizability-of-trial-findings
#7
Hitesh C Patel, Carl Hayward, Jason Dungu, Sofia Papadopoulou, Abdel Saidmeerasah, Carlo Di Mario, Nesan Shanmugam, Martin R Cowie, Lisa J Anderson
AIMS: To investigate the effect of the different eligibility criteria used by phase III clinical studies in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) on patient selection, phenotype and survival. METHODS AND RESULTS: We applied the key eligibility criteria of seven phase III HFpEF studies (DIG-Ancillary, CHARM-Preserved, PEP-CHF, I-PRESERVE, J-DHF, TOPCAT and PARAGON-HF [on-going]) to a typical and well-characterised HFpEF population (n=557) seen in modern European cardiological practice...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434647/anemia-at-hospital-admission-and-its-relation-to-outcomes-in-patients-with-heart-failure-from-the-polish-cohort-of-2-european-society-of-cardiology-heart-failure-registries
#8
Agata Tymińska, Agnieszka Kapłon-Cieślicka, Krzysztof Ozierański, Michał Peller, Paweł Balsam, Michał Marchel, Maria G Crespo-Leiro, Aldo P Maggioni, Ewa A Jankowska, Jarosław Drożdż, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Grzegorz Opolski
Anemia is a commonly observed co-morbidity in heart failure (HF). The aim of the study was to assess prevalence, risk factors for, and effect of anemia on short- and long-term outcomes in HF. The study included 1,394 Caucasian patients hospitalized for HF, with known hemoglobin concentration on hospital admission, participating in 2 HF registries of the European Society of Cardiology (Pilot and Long-Term). Anemia was defined as hemoglobin concentration of <13 g/dl for men and <12 g/dl for women. Primary end points were (1) all-cause death at 1 year and (2) a composite of all-cause death and rehospitalization for HF at 1 year...
March 29, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432659/current-role-of-blood-and-urine-biomarkers-in-the-clinical-care-of-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease
#9
REVIEW
Saurabh Rajpal, Laith Alshawabkeh, Alexander R Opotowsky
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is an increasing number of adult patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). While several biomarkers have been validated and integrated into general cardiology clinical practice, these tests are often applied to adults with CHD in the absence of disease-specific validation. Although these patients are often grouped into a single population, there is heterogeneous pathophysiology, variable disease chronicity, extensive multisystem involvement, and a low event rate relative to acquired heart disease...
June 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430286/clinical-presentation-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-acute-rheumatic-fever-and-rheumatic-heart-disease-seen-at-a-tertiary-hospital-setting-in-port-elizabeth-south-africa
#10
Zongezile Masonwabe Makrexeni, Lungile Pepeta
BACKGROUND: The incidence of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) has waned in Western countries, however that is not the situation in developing nations. METHODS: Records were reviewed of patients from the Eastern Cape municipal districts who presented to the Paediatric Cardiology Unit with ARF and RHD from January 2008 to August 2015. RESULTS: Total of 56 patients with ARF/RHD was reviewed. The majority of patients (n = 52) presented for the first time with RHD...
April 20, 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429690/-our-experience-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-syndrome-vasovagal-syncope-and-inappropriate-sinus-tachycardia-in-children
#11
Sezen Ugan Atik, Reyhan Dedeoğlu, Aida Koka, Funda Öztunç
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to share our experience in the diagnosis and treatment of patients who presented at our clinic with syncope, pre-syncope, dizziness, and palpitations. STUDY DESIGN: Patients who were treated at pediatric cardiology clinic for complaints of syncope, dizziness, and palpitations between 2014 and 2016 were enrolled in the study. Detailed history of the patients, physical examination findings, laboratory and electrocardiogram results were recorded...
April 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427801/-multimodality-imaging-in-the-cardiac-catheterization-laboratory
#12
Karine Warin-Fresse, Sébastien Hascoet, Patrice Guérin
Cardiac catheterization has greatly contributed to the progress made in the management of congenital heart diseases (CHD). Initially used in diagnosis, it allowed the understanding of heart diseases, their anatomy and hemodynamics. Gradually, the development of interventional cardiology has played a major role in the management of these malformations (Patent ductus arteriosus [PDA] and atrial septal defect [ASD] closure, pulmonary dilatation, percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation…). The development of such technology was made possible through the concomitant development of imaging techniques: fluoroscopy, ultrasound, MRI and CT...
April 17, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427339/cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-chinese-antiretroviral-na%C3%A3-ve-adults-with-advanced-hiv-disease
#13
Fuping Guo, Evelyn Hsieh, Wei Lv, Yang Han, Jing Xie, Yanling Li, Xiaojing Song, Taisheng Li
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an important cause of mortality among HIV-infected patients, however little is known about the burden of CVD among this population in Asia. We sought to quantify prevalence of CVD risk factors, 10-year CVD risk, and patterns of CVD risk factor treatment in a group of individuals with HIV in China. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed baseline data from treatment-naïve HIV-infected adults enrolled in two multicenter clinical trials in China...
April 20, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426694/prediction-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-a-nationally-representative-cohort-using-a-set-of-risk-factors-from-pooled-cohort-risk-equations
#14
Zefeng Zhang, Cathleen Gillespie, Barbara Bowman, Quanhe Yang
The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association developed Pooled Cohort equations to estimate atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk. It is unclear how well the equations predict ASCVD mortality in a nationally representative cohort. We used the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1988-1994 and Linked Mortality through 2006 (n = 6,644). Among participants aged 40-79 years without ASCVD at baseline, we used Cox proportional hazard models to estimate the 10-year probability of ASCVD death by sex and race-ethnicity (non-Hispanic white (NHW), non-Hispanic black (NHB) and Mexican American (MA))...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426617/clinical-updates-in-women-s-health-care-summary-arrhythmias-primary-and-preventive-care-review
#15
Brittany S Fuller, Michele D Voeltz
Obstetrician-gynecologists often are the sole providers of health care to female patients. Because cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in women in the United States, obstetrician- gynecologists must be aware of the risk factors, symptoms, and signs of cardiovascular disease and arrhythmia. Furthermore, they must be prepared to identify and treat common types of arrhythmia in this population and refer patients to cardiology for specialized care. Understanding the role of pregnancy among women with arrhythmia is critically important to optimize both maternal and fetal outcomes...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425226/a-review-of-pediatric-pulmonary-hypertension-with-new-guidelines
#16
Serdar Kula, Ayhan Pektaş
This study aims to review pediatric pulmonary hypertension (PH) by comparing the guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/European Respiratory Society (ERS), the American Heart Association (AHA)/American Thoracic Society (ATS), and the European Pediatric Pulmonary Vascular Disease Network (EPPVDN). All three sets of guidelines define PH as having a mean pulmonary artery pressure of ≥25 mmHg and accept the validity of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification system. Every child with a high index of suspicion for PH should undergo an initial work-up of chest X-rays, electrocardiography, and echocardiography...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425041/familial-amyloid-cardiomyopathy-masquerading-as-chronic-guillain-barre-syndrome-things-are-not-always-what-they-seem
#17
Die Hu, Ling Liu, Shuguang Yuan, Yuhong Yi, Daoquan Peng
Familial amyloid cardiomyopathy is a challenging condition that mimics many other diseases, particularly in patients with pronounced neurological presentations and unexplained or equivocal cardiac abnormalities. In this case, a 57-year-old man was admitted for outpatient cardiological evaluation of progressive right heart failure and limb paraesthesias. The patient presented with hypertension, chronic Guillain-Barre syndrome, and sick sinus syndrome. Transthoracic echocardiograms showed a thickened ventricular wall and enlarged atrium...
April 19, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420862/clinical-characteristics-treatment-and-prognosis-of-patients-with-acute-severe-heart-failure-of-ischemic-and-non-ischemic-etiology-analysis-from-the-commit-ahf-registry
#18
Mateusz Ostręga, Marek J Gierlotka, Grzegorz Słonka, Paweł Nadziakiewicz, Mariusz Gąsior
INTRODUCTION    There are limited data on the impact of ischemic etiology on clinical status and long-term prognosis among patients with acute severe heart failure (ASHF) not associated with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).  OBJECTIVES    To assess clinical characteristics, treatment and the 12-month mortality of patients with no-ACS ASHF according to etiology.  PATIENTS AND METHODS    The data from 112 patients with ASHF that was not associated with ACS were analyzed: 61 with ischemic (IASHF) and 51 with non-ischemic (NIASHF) etiology...
April 18, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420803/comparison-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-and-the-european-society-of-cardiology-guidelines-for-the-management-of-patients-with-valvular-heart-disease
#19
Aya J Alame, Aris Karatasakis, Judit Karacsonyi, Barbara A Danek, Paul Sorajja, Mario Gössl, Santiago Garcia, Hani Jneid, Nikolaos Kakouros, Jose Roberto Martinez-Parachini, Erica Resendes, Pratik Kalsaria, Michele Roesle, Bavana V Rangan, Subhash Banerjee, Emmanouil S Brilakis
BACKGROUND: The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) and the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) have developed guidelines to assist clinicians in making evidence-based decisions. This study compares the ACC/AHA and ESC guidelines for the management of patients with valvular heart disease (VHD). METHODS: The current ACC/AHA and ESC guidelines for VHD, last updated in 2014 and 2012, respectively, were compared by class of recommendation (COR), level of evidence (LOE), and content...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420661/person-centred-transition-programme-to-empower-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-disease-in-the-transition-to-adulthood-a-study-protocol-for-a-hybrid-randomised-controlled-trial-stepstones-project
#20
Mariela Acuña Mora, Carina Sparud-Lundin, Ewa-Lena Bratt, Philip Moons
INTRODUCTION: When a young person grows up, they evolve from an independent child to an empowered adult. If an individual has a chronic condition, this additional burden may hamper adequate development and independence. Transition programmes for young persons with chronic disorders aim to provide the necessary skills for self-management and participation in care. However, strong evidence on the effects of these interventions is lacking. Therefore, as part of the STEPSTONES project (Swedish Transition Effects Project Supporting Teenagers with chrONic mEdical conditionS), we propose a trial to assess the effectiveness of a structured, person-centred transition programme to empower adolescents with congenital heart disease in the transition to adulthood...
April 17, 2017: BMJ Open
keyword
keyword
59296
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"