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Med student

Timothy K Baker, Gregory S Smith, Negar Nicole Jacobs, Ramona Houmanfar, Robbyn Tolles, Deborah Kuhls, Melissa Piasecki
The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP, Barnes-Holmes et al. in Psychol Rec 60:527-542, 2010) was utilized as a relatively new tool to measure implicit weight bias in first- and third-year medical students. To date, only two studies (Miller et al. in Acad Med 88:978-982, 2013; Phelan et al. in Med Educ 49:983-992, 2015) have investigated implicit weight bias with medical students and both have found pro-thin/anti-fat implicit attitudes, on average, using the Implicit Association Test (IAT, Greenwald and Banaji in Psychol Rev 102:4-27, 1995) as the assessment tool...
October 12, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Rebecca J Guerin, Andrea H Okun, Patricia Kelley
BACKGROUND: An online, multiple-choice assessment was developed and validated for Youth@Work-Talking Safety, a NIOSH curriculum that equips middle and high school students with foundational workplace safety and health knowledge and skills. METHODS: Classical Test Theory was used for the test development and validation; the Jaeger method was used for cut score determination. A total of 118 multiple-choice items were developed to measure the acquisition of knowledge and skills taught through the NIOSH curriculum...
November 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Lawrence Mundia, Masitah Shahrill, Jainatul Halida Jaidin, Rosmawijah Jawawi, Mar Aswandi Mahadi
BACKGROUND: Brunei started implementing its two main reformed teacher education programs, MTeach and MEd, in 2009. The reasons for these innovations included upgrading the standard of teacher training, increasing teaching effectiveness, and improving the quality of education in the country. The purpose of this study was to determine how student teachers coped with and sought help on the challenging programs. METHODS: Using an online survey design, 76 randomly selected recent graduate teachers responded appropriately to questionnaires administered to them by email...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Angela Chang, Garrett Cavanaugh, Neil S Kumar, Margaret Lee, David Stein, Mary K Mulcahey
PURPOSE: Mini-Medical school programs have become an increasingly popular means of encouraging high-school students to consider medical professions. However, there is little research evaluating the long-term effect of these programs on influencing career choice. The purpose of our study was to determine the motivational factors for attending the Mini-Medical school programs at our institution, student satisfaction with their experience, and whether it impacts intended secondary education and career choices...
2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
Jong-Hak Park, Hanjin Cho, Joo Yeong Kim, Joo-Hyun Song, Sungwoo Moon, Sang Hoon Cha, Byung-Min Choi, Chang-Su Han, Young-Hoon Ko, Hongjae Lee
The Sewol ferry disaster is one of the most tragic events in Korea's modern history. Among the 476 people on board, which included Danwon High School students (324) and teachers (14), 304 passengers died in the disaster (295 recovered corpses and 9 missing) and 172 survived. Of the rescued survivors, 72 were attending Danwon High School, located in Ansan City, and residing in a residence nearby. Because the students were young, emotionally susceptible adolescents, both the government and the parents requested the students be grouped together at a single hospital capable of appropriate psychiatric care...
September 29, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Yibing Tan, Xiaolan Liao, Haihao Su, Chun Li, Jiagen Xiang, Zhaoyang Dong
OBJECTIVE: This study had 2 aims. First, we evaluated the current levels of disaster preparedness among university students in southern China. Second, we assessed students' demands for future disaster education. In addition, we examined the influence of demographic factors on current disaster preparedness status and demand. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used. The data were collected from 1893 students in 10 universities in the Guangzhou Higher Education Mega (GHEM) center...
September 26, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Nicole Powell-Dunford, Alaistair Bushby, Richard A Leland
BACKGROUND: This study is intended to identify efficacy, evolving applications, best practices, and challenges of spatial disorientation (SD) training in flight simulators for rotor wing pilots. METHODS: Queries of a UK Ministry of Defense research database and Pub Med were undertaken using the search terms 'spatial disorientation,' 'rotor wing,' and 'flight simulator.' Efficacy, evolving applications, best practices, and challenges of SD simulation for rotor wing pilots were also ascertained through discussion with subject matter experts and industrial partners...
2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Dan Todkill, Helen E Hughes, Alex J Elliot, Roger A Morbey, Obaghe Edeghere, Sally Harcourt, Tom Hughes, Tina Endericks, Brian McCloskey, Mike Catchpole, Sue Ibbotson, Gillian Smith
: Introduction In preparation for the London 2012 Olympic Games, existing syndromic surveillance systems operating in England were expanded to include daily general practitioner (GP) out-of-hours (OOH) contacts and emergency department (ED) attendances at sentinel sites (the GP OOH and ED syndromic surveillance systems: GPOOHS and EDSSS). Hypothesis/Problem The further development of syndromic surveillance systems in time for the London 2012 Olympic Games provided a unique opportunity to investigate the impact of a large mass-gathering event on public health and health services as monitored in near real-time by syndromic surveillance of GP OOH contacts and ED attendances...
September 19, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Thomas R Carretta, Raymond E King, Malcolm James Ree, Mark S Teachout, Erica Barto
INTRODUCTION: The assessment of individuals on abilities or other characteristics is based on comparison to a representative sample. General population norms provide an appropriate reference group when the distribution of scores in the sample can be expected to be similar to those for the general population (e.g., comparing high school students at a particular school to national high school norms on a college entrance test). Specialized norms are needed, however, when subsets of the population differ from the population at large...
September 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Maribeth B Chitkara, Daniel Satnick, Wei-Hsin Lu, Howard Fleit, Roderick A Go, Latha Chandran
BACKGROUND: Residency programs have utilized Individualized Learning Plans (ILPs) to customize resident education while undergraduate medical education has not done so in a meaningful way. We discuss the use of ILPs within a fourth year medical school course to facilitate self-directed learning (SDL). METHODS: At Stony Brook University School of Medicine, an ILP component was added to the Advanced Clinical Experience (ACE) course for fourth year students. Each completed an ILP outlining personal learning goals and strategies to achieve them...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Katharine R Press, Joann Bodurtha
PURPOSE: We are not aware of any competency-based evaluation method that is specifically designed for a genetics elective for medical students. Here, we aimed to create a milestone template to improve evaluation and to use the feedback from the template to improve the elective. METHODS: Through an iterative process using feedback from eight medical students and eight attendings, we crafted a milestone template for the medical student genetics rotation. A "scavenger hunt" of activities was developed to address several gaps discovered through this process...
September 1, 2016: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
Christian Vajda
OBJECTIVE: Medical students are exposed to various psychosocial problems and challenges. Specific consultations services and programs can support them. "Peer2Peer" is such a consultation program and was implemented at the Medical University of Graz. It focusses on crisis intervention, psychosocial stress management, junior mentoring as well as student education in this field. Besides, it also offers student tutors of the program practical skills trainings. The program was restructured in winter term 2014/15...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Krista G Austin, Lori Lyn Price, Susan M McGraw, Guy Leahy, Harris R Lieberman
BACKGROUND: Dietary supplement (DS) use is common among U.S. Army personnel to purportedly improve health, provide energy, and increase strength. However, a comprehensive analysis of DS use among U.S. Air Force (USAF) personnel has not been conducted using the same survey instrument, which would permit direct comparisons to DS use by Army personnel. METHODS: A standardized questionnaire was used to assess DS use, demographic factors, and reasons for use of DS by USAF personnel (N = 1750)...
July 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Dabney P Evans, Mark Anderson, Cyrus Shahpar, Carlos Del Rio, James W Curran
The objective of this report was to show how the Center for Humanitarian Emergencies (the Center) at Emory University (Atlanta, Georgia USA) has trained graduate students to respond to complex humanitarian emergencies (CHEs) through innovative educational programs, with the goal of increasing the number of trained humanitarian workers. Natural disasters are on the rise with more than twice as many occurring from 2000-2009 as there were from 1980-1989. In 2012 alone, 144 million people were affected by a natural disaster or displaced by conflict worldwide...
October 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
La Redazione
The authors reported an error that need to fully replace the data already published. The mistake is in Table 2 and the incorrect information may interfere with the results' interpretation, taking the reader to error. The values of factor 1 (Repetitiveness) should be in the first column, not in the third, corresponding to Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4 items. The values of Factor 2 (Working Posture) should be in the second column, not in the first, corresponding to Q5, Q6, Q7, Q8 and Q9 items. The values of Factor 3 (External Factors) should be in the third column, not in the second, corresponding to Q9, Q10, Q11, Q12, Q13, Q14 and Q15...
2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
Marina B Alvarenga, Sonia Maria Junqueira Vasconcellos de Oliveira, Adriana A Francisco, Flora Maria B da Silva, Marcelo Sousa, Moacyr Roberto Nobre
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Episiotomy is associated with perineal pain and healing complications. The low-level laser therapy (LLLT) reduces pain and inflammation and stimulates the healing process. This study aimed to assess the effect of LLLT on pain and perineal healing after an episiotomy. DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized, triple-blind, parallel clinical trial with 54 postpartum women who had a spontaneous birth with a right mediolateral episiotomy...
July 18, 2016: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Maya Grigorievna Lyapina, Maria Dencheva, Assya Krasteva-Panova, Mariana Tzekova-Yaneva, Mariela Deliverska, Angelina Kisselova-Yaneva
BACKGROUND: A multitude of methacrylic monomers is used in dentistry. Glutaraldehyde (G) is used in dental practice and consumer products as a broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the frequency and the risk of concomitant sensitization to some methacrylic monomers (methyl methacrylate (MMA), triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA), ethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA), 2,2-bis-[4-(2-hydroxy-3-methacrylo-xypropoxy)phenyl]-propane (Bis-GMA), 2-hydroxy-ethyl methacrylate (2-HEMA) and tetrahydrofurfuryl methacrylate (THFMA)) and glutaraldehyde in students of dentistry, students from the dental technician school, dental professionals and dental patients...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Katherine Petroka, Monica Dinu, Chelsea Hoover, Alessandro Casini, Francesco Sofi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether short-term exposure to a Mediterranean diet during a structured abroad experience could influence dietary habits and attitudes. DESIGN: This study used a cross-sectional design. SETTING: The study was conducted on the Florence University of the Arts (FUA) campus, Italy. SUBJECTS: Fifty-four (47 females, 7 males; mean age 21.1 ± 1.9 years) college students from 12 different states, mainly located in the central United States, were enrolled in this study...
June 22, 2016: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Amy K Chesser, Nikki Keene Woods, Jennifer Mattar, Timothy Craig
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess student knowledge of Ebola virus disease (EVD) and opinions about media coverage of EVD. METHODS: We conducted a pilot study with a cross-sectional survey and a convenience sample. RESULTS: Sixty-five college students participated in the survey and reported a low level of basic knowledge of EVD, high health literacy levels, and Internet and health professionals as sources for health information. CONCLUSION: This pilot study was an important first step to understanding students' knowledge of Ebola, common sources of health information, and health literacy levels...
August 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
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