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Federico Lugli, Anna Cipriani, Julie Arnaud, Marta Arzarello, Carlo Peretto, Stefano Benazzi
We present the Sr isotopic composition of enamel of the most ancient deciduous tooth ever discovered in Italy to assess human mobility in Middle Pleistocene. Reconstructing ancient mobility is crucial for understanding human strategy at exploiting temporally and spatially patchy resources, with most studies focusing on indirect evidences, ultimately affecting our interpretation on hominin territoriality and energetic costs invested by hominin groups. Here, we use the high spatial resolution and micro-destructivity options offered by the Laser Ablation Multi-Collector Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry technique, to determine the (87)Sr/ (86)Sr intra-tooth variability of a human deciduous incisor from the Middle Pleistocene layers of the Isernia La Pineta site (Italy)...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
Takumi Horiike, Yuma Dotsuta, Yuriko Nakano, Asumi Ochiai, Satoshi Utsunomiya, Toshihiko Ohnuki, Mitsuo Yamashita
Radioactive strontium ((90)Sr) leaked into saline environments, including the ocean, from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant after a nuclear accident. Since the removal of (90)Sr using general adsorbents (e.g., zeolite) is not efficient at high salinity, a suitable alternative immobilization method is necessary. Therefore, we incorporated soluble Sr into biogenic carbonate minerals generated by urease-producing microorganisms from a saline solution. An isolate, Bacillus sp. strain TK2d, from marine sediment removed > 99% Sr after contact for four days in a saline solution (1...
August 11, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Wenyuan Hu, Faqin Dong, Guangmin Yang, Xin Peng, Xiaojun Huang, Mingxue Liu, Jing Zhang
The proper handling of low-level radioactive waste is crucial to promote the sustainable development of nuclear power. Research into the mechanism for interactions between bacterium and radionuclides is the starting point for achieving successful remediation of radionuclides with microorganisms. Using Sr(II) as a simulation radionuclide and the mixed microorganisms of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Bacillus subtilis as the biological adsorbent, this study investigates behavior at the interface between Sr(II) and the microorganisms as well as the mechanisms governing that behavior...
August 10, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Pauline Bertolaso, Laura Leroy, Marine Gross-Goupil, Olivier Aupee, Alain Ravaud, Guilhem Roubaud, Anne-Laure Cazeau, Sylvestre Le Moulec
Prostate cancer is the first cancer in men and has a specific tropism to bones. This tropism provided the rationale to develop bone targeting radiopharmaceutical agents, such as strontium, samarium and more recently the Radium-223, an alpha-emitter. In a phase III trial, ALSYMPCA, Radium-223 not only improved pain relief, but also impacted on overall survival. Despite an approval by both FDA and EMA, prescription of this agent remains limited by the lack of refund, especially in France. Radium-223 is currently evaluated in several clinical trials (combination with chemotherapy, radiotherapy or hormone therapy) in order to optimize the therapeutic sequences in metastatic bone prostate cancer and argues for being incorporated into the current therapeutic arsenal...
August 7, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
Yanbei Zhu, Kazumi Nakano, Yasuyuki Shikamori
Multiple unknown high-order cluster ions were observed as the results of ion-molecule reactions between strontium ions and fluoromethane molecules in the reaction-cell of an inductively coupled plasma tandem quadrupole mass spectrometer (ICP-QMS/QMS). In order to elucidate the structures of these unknown cluster ions, isotope-enriched fluoromethane (CD3F) was used as the reaction-cell gas compared to natural fluoromethane (CH3F). As results, SrF(CH3F)0-4(+) and SrF(H2O)(CH3F)0-3(+) cluster ions were experimentally confirmed in the present work, while SrF(H2O)(CH3F)0-3(+) cluster ions in the reaction-cell of ICP-QMS/QMS were observed and confirmed for the first time in the world...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
T A Rodrigues, A J B Sampaio, I D P Nunes, M S S Cartágenes, J B S Garcia
Strontium ranelate (SrRan) is a drug usually prescribed to treat osteoporosis, with proven effects of decreasing the risk of fractures and an indication of reducing the progression of osteoarthritis (OA). This study aimed to investigate the effects of SrRan as either a prophylactic or a treatment drug, using an OA rat model to assess pain behavior. A monoiodoacetate (MIA)-induced knee joint OA model in Wistar rats was used. Thirty Wistar rats (both sexes, 60 days old) were distributed in five groups of 6 rats each: the control group, that received no intervention; a prophylactic group, that received oral administration of 25 mg·kg-1·day-1 of SrRan for 28 days before induction of OA; a group treated with 25 mg·kg-1·day-1 of SrRan for 28 days after OA induction; a group treated with 50 mg·kg-1·day-1 during 28 days after OA induction; and a group that received oral saline for 28 days after induction...
August 7, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Sjoerd Harder, Brant Maitland, Michael Wiesinger, Jens Langer, Gerd Ballmann, Jürgen Pahl, Holger Elsen, Christian Färber
The first Sr hydride complex has been obtained by simply reacting Sr[N(SiMe3)2]2 with PhSiH3 in the presence of PMDTA. The Sr complex Sr6[N(SiMe3)2]3H9∙(PMDTA)3 crystallizes as an "inverse cryptand": an interstitial H- is surrounded by a Sr6H84+ cage decorated with amide and PMDTA ligands. The analogue Ca complex could also be obtained and both retain their solid state structures in solution: 1H NMR spectra in C6D6 show two doublets and one nonet (4:4:1). Up till 90 °C, no coalescence is observed. The Ca cluster was investigated by DFT calculations and shows atypically low charges on Ca (+1...
August 6, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Ronghuan Zhang, Alexandra S Gibbs, Weiguo Zhang, P Shiv Halasyamani, Michael A Hayward
Calcium-for-strontium cation substitution of the a(-)b(0)c(0)/b(0)a(-)c(0)-distorted, cation-ordered, n = 2 Ruddlesden-Popper phase, YSr2Mn2O7, leads to separation into two phases, which both retain an a(-)b(0)c(0)/b(0)a(-)c(0)-distorted framework and have the same stoichiometry but exhibit different degrees of Y/Sr/Ca cation order. Increasing the calcium concentration to form YSr0.5Ca1.5Mn2O7 leads to a change in the cooperative tilting on the MnO6 units to a novel a(-)b(-)c(-)/b(-)a(-)c(-) arrangement described in space group P21/n11...
August 4, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
R Karthik, J Vinoth Kumar, Shen-Ming Chen, P Senthil Kumar, V Selvam, V Muthuraj
In the present study, well-defined one-dimensional (1D) rod-like strontium vanadate (SrV2O6) was prepared by simple hydrothermal method without using any other surfactants/templates. The successful formation of rod-like SrV2O6 was confirmed by various analytical and spectroscopic techniques. Interestingly, for the first time the dual role of as-prepared rod-like SrV2O6 were employed as an electrochemical sensor for the detection of caffeic acid (CA) as well as visible light active photocatalyst for the degradation of metronidazole (MNZ) antibiotic drug...
August 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
Julien Braux, Frédéric Velard, Christine Guillaume, Marie-Laure Jourdain, Sophie C Gangloff, Edouard Jallot, Jean-Marie Nedelec, Patrice Laquerrière, Dominique Laurent-Maquin
BACKGROUND: To avoid morbidity and limited availability associated with autografts, synthetic calcium phosphate (CaP) ceramics were extensively developed and used as bone filling materials. Controlling their induced-inflammatory response nevertheless remained a major concern. Strontium-containing CaP ceramics were recently demonstrated for impacting cytokines' secretion pattern of human primary monocytes. The present study focuses on the ability of strontium-containing CaP to control the human primary bone cell production of two major inflammatory and pro-osteoclastogenic mediators, namely MCP-1 and Gro-α, in response to ceramics particles...
December 5, 2016: Materials
Simone Sprio, Massimiliano Dapporto, Monica Montesi, Silvia Panseri, Wanda Lattanzi, Enrico Pola, Giandomenico Logroscino, Anna Tampieri
The present work describes the synthesis of novel injectable, self-setting bone cements made of strontium-substituted hydroxyapatite (Sr-HA), obtained by single-phase calcium phosphate precursors doped with different amounts of strontium and enriched with alginate. The addition of alginate improved the injectability, cohesion, and compression strength of the cements, without affecting the hardening process. A Sr-HA cement exhibiting adequate hardening times and mechanical strength for clinical applications was further tested in vivo in a rabbit model, in comparison with a commercial calcium phosphate cement, revealing the maintenance of biomimetic composition and porous microstructure even after one month in vivo, as well as enhanced ability to induce new bone formation and penetration...
September 8, 2016: Materials
Jeong Gook Jang, Sol Moi Park, Haeng Ki Lee
The present study investigates the retention mechanisms of cesium and strontium for alkali-activated cements. Retention mechanisms such as adsorption and precipitation were examined in light of chemical interactions. Batch adsorption experiments and multi-technical characterizations by using X-ray diffraction, zeta potential measurements, and the N₂ gas adsorption/desorption methods were conducted for this purpose. Strontium was found to crystalize in alkali-activated cements, while no cesium-bearing crystalline phases were detected...
April 23, 2017: Materials
Szu-Yu Chiu, Yukari Shinonaga, Yoko Abe, Kyoko Harada, Kenji Arita
Glass-ionomer-cement (GIC) is helpful in Minimal Intervention Dentistry because it releases fluoride ions and is highly biocompatible. The aim of this study is to investigate the mechanisms by which hydroxyapatite (HAp) improves the mechanical strength and bioactive functioning of GIC when these materials are combined to make apatite ionomer cement (AIC). A conventional GIC powder was mixed with porous, spherical-HAp particles (HApS), crystalline HAp (HAp200) or one of two types of cellulose. The micro-compressive strengths of the additive particles were measured, and various specimens were evaluated with regard to their compressive strengths (CS), fluoride release concentrations (fluoride electrode) and multi-element release concentrations...
January 3, 2017: Materials
(no author information available yet)
▼ Strontium ranelate discontinued ● Limited treatment options for molluscum contagiosum ● Finasteride drug safety alert ● Does doxycycline delay the next COPD exacerbation? ● Support for WHO standards on reporting clinical trial results ● Delayed antibiotic prescription for lower respiratory tract infections ● Nystatin dose change - much ado about nothing?
August 2, 2017: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
Keisuke Aoyama, Takanori Nakano, Ki-Cheol Shin, Atsunobu Izawa, Sakie Morita
To evaluate the utility of (87)Sr/(86)Sr ratio for determining the geographical provenance of vegetables, we compared (87)Sr/(86)Sr ratios and Sr concentrations in five vegetable species grown in Japan and China, and we also examined the relationships between (87)Sr/(86)Sr ratios in vegetables, the soil-exchangeable pool, irrigation water, and fertilizer from 20 Japanese agricultural areas. The vegetable (87)Sr/(86)Sr ratios in Japan were similar for all species within a given agricultural area, but tended to be low in northeast Japan and high in southwest Japan...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Bridgette A Barry, Udita Brahmachari, Zhanjun Guo
In oxygenic photosynthesis, photosystem II (PSII) converts water to molecular oxygen through four photodriven oxidation events at a Mn4CaO5 cluster. A tyrosine, YZ (Y161 in the D1 polypeptide), transfers oxidizing equivalents from an oxidized, primary chlorophyll donor to the metal center. Calcium or its analogue, strontium, is required for activity. The Mn4CaO5 cluster and YZ are predicted to be hydrogen bonded in a water-containing network, which involves amide carbonyl groups, amino acid side chains, and water...
August 1, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
Mustafa Alqaysi, Alaa Aldaadaa, Nicky Mordan, Rishma Shah, Jonathan C Knowles
Degradable phosphate-based glasses that contain strontium, zinc and calcium were investigated to examine its function as an osteoconductive material. Glass beads of the general formula of (P2O5)-(Na2O)-(TiO2)-(CaO)-(SrO) or (ZnO) were prepared by melt quench technique followed by milling and spheroidisation. Glass bead size distribution was initially measured by SEM. Then, some of these samples were immersed in deionized water to evaluate both the surface changes and measure the ion release rate, whereas other glass beads samples were incubated in culture media to determine pH changes...
August 1, 2017: Biomedical Materials
Casey Krawic, Michal Luczak, Anatoly Zhitkovich
Inhalation of soluble chromium(VI) is firmly linked with higher risks of lung cancer in humans. However, comparative studies in rats have found a high lung tumorigenicity for moderately soluble chromates but no tumors for highly soluble chromates. These major species differences remain unexplained. We investigated the impact of extracellular reducers on responses of human and rat lung epithelial cells to different Cr(VI) forms. Extracellular reduction of Cr(VI) is a detoxification process and rat and human lung lining fluids contain different concentrations of ascorbate and glutathione...
July 31, 2017: Chemical Research in Toxicology
Marcus Rohnke, Stefanie Pfitzenreuter, Boris Mogwitz, Anja Henß, Jürgen Thomas, Dina Bieberstein, Thomas Gemming, Svenja K Otto, Seemun Ray, Matthias Schumacher, Michael Gelinsky, Volker Alt
Drug functionalization of biomaterials is a modern and popular approach in biomaterials research. Amongst others this concept is used for the functionalization of bone implants to locally stimulate the bone healing process. For example strontium ions (Sr(2+)) are administered in osteoporosis therapy to stimulate bone growth and have recently been integrated into bone cements. Based on results of different analytical experiments we developed a two-phase model for the transport of therapeutically active Sr(2+)-ions in bone in combination with Korsmeyer-Peppas kinetics for the Sr(2+) release from bone cement...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
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