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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726876/bioceramic-nanocomposite-thiol-acrylate-polyhipe-scaffolds-for-enhanced-osteoblastic-cell-culture-in-3d
#1
Aaron Lee, Caitlin R Langford, Luis M Rodriguez-Lorenzo, Helmut Thissen, Neil R Cameron
Emulsion-templated (polyHIPE) scaffolds for bone tissue engineering were produced by photopolymerisation of a mixture of trimethylolpropane tris(3-mercaptopropionate) and dipentaerythritol penta-/hexa-acrylate in the presence of hydroxyapatite (HA) or strontium-modified hydroxyapatite (SrHA) nanoparticles. Porous and permeable polyHIPE materials were produced regardless of the type or incorporation level of the bioceramic, although higher loadings resulted in a larger average pore diameter. Inclusion of HA and SrHA into the scaffolds was confirmed by EDX-SEM, FTIR and XPS and quantified by thermogravimetry...
July 20, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725970/ion-release-in-ceramic-bearings-for-total-hip-replacement-results-from-an-in-vitro-and-an-in-vivo-study
#2
Jan Philippe Kretzer, Ulrike Mueller, Marcus R Streit, Hartmuth Kiefer, Robert Sonntag, Robert M Streicher, Joern Reinders
INTRODUCTION: Literature on the potential release of trace elements following implantation of Zirconia-platelet toughened alumina (ZPTA) ceramic components is scant. The present study therefore analysed the in vitro and in vivo potential release of ions from ZPTA bearings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An in vitro and in vivo study was conducted. The in vitro study compared leaching in bovine serum from two groups: ZPTA ceramic heads and Co-28Cr-6Mo alloy heads, both 28-mm diameter...
July 20, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724245/radioactively-hot-particles-detected-in-dusts-and-soils-from-northern-japan-by-combination-of-gamma-spectrometry-autoradiography-and-sem-eds-analysis-and-implications-in-radiation-risk-assessment
#3
Marco Kaltofen, Arnie Gundersen
After the March 11, 2011, nuclear reactor meltdowns at Fukushima Dai-ichi, 180 samples of Japanese particulate matter (dusts and surface soils) and 235 similar U.S. and Canadian samples were collected and analyzed sequentially by gamma spectrometry, autoradiography, and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray analysis. Samples were collected and analyzed over a five-year period, from 2011 to 2016. Detectable levels of (134)Cs and (137)Cs were found in 142 of 180 (80%) Japanese particulate matter samples...
July 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721218/spontaneous-reossification-of-the-sella-in-transsphenoidal-reoperation-associated-with-strontium-ranelate
#4
Maria Mercedes Pineyro, Daiana Arrestia, Mariana Elhordoy, Ramiro Lima, Saul Wajskopf, Raul Pisabarro, Maria Pilar Serra
Spontaneous reossification of the sellar floor after transsphenoidal surgery has been rarely reported. Strontium ranelate, a divalent strontium salt, has been shown to increase bone formation, increasing osteoblast activity. We describe an unusual case of a young patient with Cushing's disease who was treated with strontium ranelate for low bone mass who experienced spontaneous sellar reossification after transsphenoidal surgery. A 21-year-old male presented with Cushing's features. His past medical history included delayed puberty diagnosed at 16 years, treated with testosterone for 3 years without further work-up...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721134/osteoporosis-in-men
#5
REVIEW
Waldemar Misiorowski
Osteoporotic fractures are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among aging men. 30% of all hip fractures occur in men, and mortality resulting from not only the hip fracture, but also the spine and other major osteoporotic fractures, is significantly higher in men than in women. As in women, hypogonadism is the best documented risk factor for developing osteoporosis in men. In older men, testosterone levels are negatively correlated with the risk of fractures, and it seems that this age-related testosterone deficiency should not be considered as one of the many causes of secondary osteoporosis, rather one of the major and most important mechanisms of senile osteoporosis...
June 2017: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714038/one-and-two-year-persistence-with-different-anti-osteoporosis-medications-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
C Reyes, C Tebe, D Martinez-Laguna, M S Ali, A Soria-Castro, C Carbonell, D Prieto-Alhambra
Adherence to anti-osteoporosis medications is poor. We carried out a cohort study using a real-world population database to estimate the persistence of anti-osteoporosis drugs. Unadjusted 2-year persistence ranged from 10.3 to 45.4%. Denosumab users had a 40% lower risk of discontinuation at 2 years compared to alendronate users. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to estimate real-world persistence amongst incident users of anti-osteoporosis medications. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort using data from anonymised records and dispensation data ( www...
July 16, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711846/vascular-and-cardiac-autonomic-function-and-pm2-5-constituents-among-the-elderly-a-longitudinal-study
#7
Youn-Hee Lim, Hyun-Joo Bae, Seung-Muk Yi, EunHa Park, Bo-Eun Lee, Yun-Chul Hong
BACKGROUND: Although epidemiologic studies have shown an association between the total mass of particulate matter <2.5μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM2.5) and cardiovascular disease, few studies have examined PM2.5 constituents associated with vascular and cardiac autonomic dysfunction. METHODS: In this longitudinal study, we investigated the relationship between PM2.5 constituents and blood pressure (BP), and markers of the autonomic nervous system. In 466 elderly subjects residing in communities in Seoul, Korea, we examined 16 constituents, seven sources, and total mass concentrations of PM2...
July 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708123/the-feasibility-and-functional-performance-of-ternary-borate-filled-hydrophilic-bone-cements-targeting-therapeutic-release-thresholds-for-strontium
#8
Kathleen MacDonald, Richard B Price, Daniel Boyd
We examine the feasibility and functionality of hydrophilic modifications to a borate glass reinforced resin composite; with the objective of meeting and maintaining therapeutic thresholds for Sr release over time, as a potential method of incorporating antiosteoporotic therapy into a vertebroplasty material. Fifteen composites were formulated with the hydrophilic agent hydroxyl ethyl methacrylate (HEMA, 15, 22.5, 30, 37.5 or 45 wt% of resin phase) and filled with a borate glass (55, 60 or 65 wt% of total cement) with known Sr release characteristics...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707949/magnetically-induced-optical-transparency-on-a-forbidden-transition-in-strontium-for-cavity-enhanced-spectroscopy
#9
Matthew N Winchester, Matthew A Norcia, Julia R K Cline, James K Thompson
In this Letter we realize a narrow spectroscopic feature using a technique that we refer to as magnetically induced optical transparency. A cold ensemble of ^{88}Sr atoms interacts with a single mode of a high-finesse optical cavity via the 7.5 kHz linewidth, spin forbidden ^{1}S_{0} to ^{3}P_{1} transition. By applying a magnetic field that shifts two excited state Zeeman levels, we open a transmission window through the cavity where the collective vacuum Rabi splitting due to a single level would create destructive interference for probe transmission...
June 30, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702733/isotope-and-microelement-systematics-of-gallionella-sp-containing-bacterial-mats-from-the-northwest-of-the-east-european-platform
#10
S B Felitsyn, N A Alfimova
Microelement composition of Gallionella sp.-containing bacterial mats from the environs of St. Petersburg and isotope composition of organic carbon, strontium, and neodymium from these mats have been determined. Isotope and microelement systematics of iron oxides of bacterial origin characterize the geochemistry of aquafacies that contain ferrobacteria. Certain pre-Cambrian ferruginous quartzites have a similar composition; therefore, one may assume that bacterial oxidation of iron under continental conditions had occurred upon the formation of ironstone during the Precambrian...
May 2017: Doklady Biological Sciences: Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Biological Sciences Sections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698571/injectable-hybrid-system-for-strontium-local-delivery-promotes-bone-regeneration-in-a-rat-critical-sized-defect-model
#11
Ana Henriques Lourenço, Nuno Neves, Cláudia Ribeiro-Machado, Susana R Sousa, Meriem Lamghari, Cristina C Barrias, Abel Trigo Cabral, Mário A Barbosa, Cristina C Ribeiro
Strontium (Sr) has been described as having beneficial influence in bone strength and architecture. However, negative systemic effects have been reported on oral administration of Sr ranelate, leading to strict restrictions in clinical application. We hypothesized that local delivery of Sr improves osteogenesis without eliciting detrimental side effects. Therefore, the in vivo response to an injectable Sr-hybrid system composed of RGD-alginate hydrogel cross-linked in situ with Sr and reinforced with Sr-doped hydroxyapatite microspheres, was investigated...
July 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687393/a-promising-wound-dressing-material-with-excellent-cytocompatibility-and-proangiogenesis-action-for-wound-healing-strontium-loaded-silk-fibroin-sodium-alginate-sf-sa-blend-films
#12
Shuangshuang Li, Li Li, Chengrui Guo, Huanhuan Qin, Xixun Yu
Effectively stimulating angiogenesis is great challenge in wound care management. It's necessary to develop a new wound dressing with angiogenic capacity. Therefore, strontium loaded SF/SA blend films were prepared as a potential wound dressing material, and their physicochemical and bioactive properties were evaluated. The strontium loaded SF/SA blend films (especially the strontium loaded SF/SA blend films prepared by treating with 5mg/ml Sir solution) could meet the needs of a wound dressing such as water absorption, water vapor transmission rate, mechanical properties and fibroblasts-cytocompatibility...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686943/determination-of-plutonium-isotopes-238-239-240-pu-and-strontium-90-sr-in-seafood-using-alpha-spectrometry-and-liquid-scintillation-spectrometry
#13
Choonshik Shin, Hoon Choi, Hye-Min Kwon, Hye-Jin Jo, Hye-Jeong Kim, Hae-Jung Yoon, Dong-Sul Kim, Gil-Jin Kang
The present study was carried out to survey the levels of plutonium isotopes ((238)(,)(239)(,)(240)Pu) and strontium ((90)Sr) in domestic seafood in Korea. In current, regulatory authorities have analyzed radionuclides, such as (134)Cs, (137)Cs and (131)I, in domestic and imported food. However, people are concerned about contamination of other radionuclides, such as plutonium and strontium, in food. Furthermore, people who live in Korea have much concern about safety of seafood. Accordingly, in this study, we have investigated the activity concentrations of plutonium and strontium in seafood...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684335/structural-and-physico-chemical-analysis-of-calcium-strontium-substituted-near-invert-phosphate-based-glasses-for-biomedical-applications
#14
U Patel, R M Moss, K M Z Hossain, A R Kennedy, E R Barney, I Ahmed, A C Hannon
Neutron diffraction, (23)Na and (31)P NMR and FTIR spectroscopy have been used to investigate the structural effects of substituting CaO with SrO in a 40P2O5·(16-x)CaO·20Na2O·24MgO·xSrO glass, where x is 0, 4, 8, 12 and 16 mol%. The (31)P solid-state NMR results showed similar amounts of Q(1) and Q(2) units for all of the multicomponent glasses investigated, showing that the substitution of Sr for Ca has no effect on the phosphate network. The M-O coordinations (M= Mg, Ca, Sr, Na) were determined for binary alkali and alkaline earth metaphosphates using neutron diffraction and broad asymmetric distributions of bond length were observed, with coordination numbers that were smaller and bond lengths that were shorter than in corresponding crystals...
July 3, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683190/extension-of-high-resolution-optical-absorption-spectroscopy-to-divalent-neodymium-novel-absorption-spectra-of-nd2-ions-in-strontium-chloride-host-srcl2
#15
Miroslaw Karbowiak, Czesław Rudowicz, Jakub Cichos
Given the virtual lack of information on electronic spectra of divalent neodymium we set for synthesis and characterization of Nd2+ systems. Herein, we report stabilization of neodymium in a chloride host, which importantly has been accomplished with Nd ions introduced in a divalent state during synthesis, unlike by gamma-irradiation of Nd3+ system employed previously. This synthesis method yields good quality SrCl2:Nd2+ single crystals. For the first time the novel electronic absorption spectra of Nd2+ doped in SrCl2 have been recorded with high resolution at liquid helium temperature (4...
July 6, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681046/long-term-in-vivo-effect-of-various-restorative-materials-on-enamel-and-dentin-of-primary-molars
#16
Elyiahu Mass, Alla Hassan, Ornit Cohen, Uri Zilberman
OBJECTIVE: To explore the long-term in-vivo effect of different dental restorative materials on the surrounding enamel and dentin, in primary molars. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Sixteen naturally exfoliated primary molars restored with amalgam, compomer, and glass-ionomer cement were collected after 2 to 5 years of function in the mouth. Four intact molars served as control. The teeth were sliced buccolingually and the ion content in the restorative material, the enamel, and the dentin surrounding the restoration was determined using a scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) program...
July 4, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675844/treatment-of-radioactive-liquid-effluents-by-reverse-osmosis-membranes-from-lab-scale-to-pilot-scale
#17
Nicolas Combernoux, Luc Schrive, Véronique Labed, Yvan Wyart, Emilie Carretier, Philippe Moulin
The recent use of the reverse osmosis (RO) process at the damaged Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear power plant generated a growing interest in the application of this process for decontamination purposes. This study focused on the development of a robust RO process for decontamination of two kinds of liquid effluents: a contaminated groundwater after a nuclear disaster and a contaminated seawater during a nuclear accident. The SW30 HR membrane was selected among other in this study due to higher retentions (96% for Cs and 98% for Sr) in a true groundwater...
June 24, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675029/binary-doping-of-strontium-and-copper-enhancing-osteogenesis-and-angiogenesis-of-bioactive-glass-nanofibers-while-suppressing-osteoclast-activity
#18
Lin Weng, Sunil Kumar Boda, Matthew Teusink, Franklin D Shuler, Xiaoran Li, Jingwei Xie
Electrospun bioactive glass fibers show great potential as scaffolds for bone tissue engineering due to their architectural biomimicry of the bone extracellular matrix and their composition capable of providing soluble bioactive cues for bone regeneration and remodeling. Trace elements can be doped to further promote osteogenesis and angiogenesis during bone regeneration. Cationic substitution of strontium for calcium in bioactive glass positively enhances osteoblast phenotype, while suppressing osteoclast activity...
July 4, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667944/cavity-resonator-for-dielectric-measurements-of-high-%C3%AE%C2%B5-low-loss-materials-demonstrated-with-barium-strontium-zirconium-titanate-ceramics
#19
Quinn R Marksteiner, Michael B Treiman, Ching-Fong Chen, William B Haynes, M T Reiten, Dale Dalmas, Elias Pulliam
A resonant cavity method is presented which can measure loss tangents and dielectric constants for materials with dielectric constant from 150 to 10 000 and above. This practical and accurate technique is demonstrated by measuring barium strontium zirconium titanate bulk ferroelectric ceramic blocks. Above the Curie temperature, in the paraelectric state, barium strontium zirconium titanate has a sufficiently low loss that a series of resonant modes are supported in the cavity. At each mode frequency, the dielectric constant and loss tangent are obtained...
June 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666216/assessment-of-28-trace-elements-and-17-amino-acid-levels-in-muscular-tissues-of-broiler-chicken-gallus-gallus-suffering-from-arsenic-trioxide
#20
Si-Wen Li, Ying He, Hong-Jing Zhao, Yu Wang, Juan-Juan Liu, Yi-Zhi Shao, Jing-Lun Li, Xiao Sun, Li-Na Zhang, Ming-Wei Xing
The contents of 28 trace elements, 17 amino acid were evaluated in muscular tissues (wings, crureus and pectoralis) of chickens in response to arsenic trioxide (As2O3). A total of 200 one-day-old male Hy-line chickens were fed either a commercial diet (C-group) or an As2O3 supplement diet containing 7.5mg/kg (L-group), 15mg/kg (M-group) or 30mg/kg (H-group) As2O3 for 90 days. The elements content was analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Under As2O3 exposure, the concentration of As were elevated 8...
June 27, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
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