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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737287/internet-and-cell-phone-usage-patterns-among-young-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#1
Cristina Jenaro, Noelia Flores, Maribel Cruz, Ma Carmen Pérez, Vanessa Vega, Víctor A Torres
BACKGROUND: The risks and opportunities associated with the use of technologies are of growing research interest. Patterns of technology usage illuminate these opportunities and risks. However, no studies have assessed the usage patterns (frequency, duration, and intensity) and related factors in young people with intellectual disabilities. METHODS: Questionnaires on Internet and cell phone usage patterns, the Internet Over-Use Scale and the Cell-Phone Over-Use Scale, as well as the Beck Depression Inventory were filled out in one-on-one interviews of 216 youth with intellectual disabilities...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736853/tai-chi-for-risk-of-falls-a-meta-analysis
#2
Rafael Lomas-Vega, Esteban Obrero-Gaitán, Francisco J Molina-Ortega, Rafael Del-Pino-Casado
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effectiveness of tai chi for falls prevention. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: Pubmed, Scopus, CINHAL, and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) were searched to May 26, 2016. PARTICIPANTS: Older adult population and at-risk adults. INTERVENTION: Randomized controlled trials analyzing the effect of tai chi versus other treatments on risk of falls...
July 24, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736763/immunologic-effects-of-maraviroc-in-hiv-infected-patients-with-severe-cd4-lymphopenia-starting-antiretroviral-therapy-a-sub-study-of-the-cadiris-trial
#3
Pablo F Belaunzarán-Zamudio, Livio Azzoni, David H Canaday, Yanink N Caro-Vega, Brian Clagget, Mohammed S Rassool, Benigno Rodriguez, Ian Sanne, Irini Sereti, Juan G Sierra-Madero, Michael M Lederman
BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe the mechanisms of immunological recovery and the effects of blocking CCR5 in patients starting ART with advanced HIV-infection. METHODS: This was a sub-study of a 48 week double-blind, clinical trial where patients starting ART with CD4+ cell counts <100 cells/uL were randomized to receive maraviroc or a placebo. CD4+ and CD8+ cell maturation phenotypes, expression of PD-1 and CCR5, and activation indices were measured at weeks 0, 4, 12, 24, and 48...
2017: Pathogens & Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734351/capillary-electrophoresis-tandem-mass-spectrometry-as-a-highly-selective-tool-for-the-compositional-and-site-specific-assessment-of-multiple-peptide-deamidation
#4
Elena Dominguez-Vega, Thomas De Vijlder, Edwin P Romijn, Govert W Somsen
Site-specific mapping of multiple deamidations in peptides is a challenging analytical task. In this work, capillary electrophoresis-tandem mass spectrometry (CE-MS/MS) is presented as a high-resolution tool for the detailed characterization of these subtle modifications in peptides. The 4.5-kDa peptide drug TRI-1144, which contains five closely-positioned potential deamidation sites, was selected as model compound. TRI-1144 was exposed to acidic conditions and/or elevated temperatures for 1-14 h. Stressed samples were analyzed using a background electrolyte (BGE) of 150 mM ammonium formate (pH 6...
August 22, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729815/symposium-report-an-evidence-based-approach-to-ibs-and-cic-applying-new-advances-to-daily-practice-a-review-of-an-adjunct-clinical-symposium-of-the-american-college-of-gastroenterology-meeting-october-16-2016-%C3%A2-las-vegas-nevada
#5
William D Chey
Many nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic therapies are available to manage irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC). The American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) regularly publishes reviews on IBS and CIC therapies. The most recent of these reviews was published by the ACG Task Force on the Management of Functional Bowel Disorders in 2014. The key objective of this review was to evaluate the efficacy of therapies for IBS or CIC compared with placebo or no treatment in randomized controlled trials...
February 2017: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727683/notes-from-the-field-hospital-contact-investigation-for-a-patient-who-developed-a-zoster-vaccine-related-rash-maryland-february-2015
#6
Diana P Le, Jamie Vega, Lucas A Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726319/ultrastructure-of-lingual-papillae-in-common-chimpanzee-pan-troglodytes-foetus-newborn-and-adult-specimens
#7
J F Pastor, M Barbosa, F J De Paz, I San José, M Levanti, J M Potau, J A Vega, R Cabo
Among primates, the two recognized species of chimpanzees (common chimpanzee, Pan troglodytes; pygmy chimpanzee, Pan paniscus) are considered to be the most similar to humans. Importantly, in mammals, the food intake behaviour largely determines the tongue morphology, including the type, proportion and distribution of gustatory and non-gustatory tongue papillae. The lingual papillae form during its development and mature in post-natal life depending on the different feeding. In this study, we have used scanning electron microscopy to analyse the age-related changes in the lingual papillae of foetal, newborn and adult P...
July 20, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725234/major-novel-qtl-for-resistance-to-cassava-bacterial-blight-identified-through-a-multi-environmental-analysis
#8
Johana C Soto Sedano, Rubén E Mora Moreno, Boby Mathew, Jens Léon, Fabio A Gómez Cano, Agim Ballvora, Camilo E López Carrascal
Cassava, Manihot esculenta Crantz, has been positioned as one of the most promising crops world-wide representing the staple security for more than one billion people mainly in poor countries. Cassava production is constantly threatened by several diseases, including cassava bacterial blight (CBB) caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (Xam), it is the most destructive disease causing heavy yield losses. Here, we report the detection and localization on the genetic map of cassava QTL (Quantitative Trait Loci) conferring resistance to CBB...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724026/-level-of-implementation-of-the-program-for-safety-and-health-at-work-in-antioquia-colombia
#9
Ninfa Del Carmen Vega-Monsalve
This study describes the level of implementation of the Program for Safety and Health at Work in companies located in the Department of Antioquia, Colombia, and associated factors. A cross-sectional survey included 73 companies with more than 50 workers each and implementation of the program. A total of 65 interviews were held, in addition to 73 checklists and process reviews. The companies showed suboptimal compliance with the management model for workplace safety and health proposed by the International Labor Organization (ILO)...
July 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722790/switching-to-a-rilpivirine-emtricitabine-tenofovir-single-tablet-regimen-in-rna-suppressed-patients-infected-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-1-effectiveness-safety-and-costs-at-96%C3%A2-weeks
#10
Paula Arrabal-Durán, Carmen G Rodríguez-González, Esther Chamorro-de-Vega, Paloma Gijón-Vidaurreta, Ana Herranz-Alonso, María Sanjurjo-Sáez
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the effectiveness, safety and costs of switching to a rilpivirine/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (RPV/FTC/TDF) regimen in treatment-experienced HIV-1-infected patients with sustained virological suppression. METHODS: Observational, prospective study. Study population included all treatment-experienced patients with sustained virological suppression who switched to RPV/FTC/TDF during 2013 in a tertiary hospital. Patients were followed until they completed 96 weeks of treatment...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720316/pigeons-and-their-droppings-as-reservoirs-of-candida-and-other-zoonotic-yeasts
#11
Inmaculada Rosario Medina, Lorena Román Fuentes, Miguel Batista Arteaga, Fernando Real Valcárcel, Félix Acosta Arbelo, Daniel Padilla Del Castillo, Soraya Déniz Suárez, Otilia Ferrer Quintana, Belinda Vega Gutiérrez, Freddy Silva Sergent, Begoña Acosta-Hernández
BACKGROUND: The importance of pigeons as reservoirs and carriers of Cryptococcus neoformans and other species of this genus is well-known; however, less is known about their role as reservoirs and carriers of other yeasts that impact public health. AIMS: The present study was performed on Gran Canaria Island to define yeasts other than Cryptococcus spp. that have been reported to impact public health and which could be carried by pigeons. METHODS: Samples were obtained from 83 pigeon lofts (Columba livia); moreover, 331 crop samples, 331 cloacal samples and 174 dropping samples were collected...
July 15, 2017: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717341/-an-ethics-call-to-include-pregnant-women-in-research-reflections-from-the-global-forum-on-bioethics-in-research
#12
Carla Saenz, Jackeline Alger, Juan Pablo Beca, José M Belizán, María Luisa Cafferata, Julio Arturo Canario Guzmán, Jesica E Candanedo P, Lissette Duque, Lester Figueroa, Ana Garcés, Lionel Gresh, Ida Cristina Gubert, Dirce Guilhem, Gabriela Guz, Gustavo Kaltwasser, A Roxana Lescano, Florencia Luna, Alexandrina A M Cardelli, Ignacio Mastroleo, Irene N Melamed, Agueda Muñoz Del Carpio Toia, Ricardo Palacios, Gloria I Palma, Sofía P Salas, Xochitl Sandoval, Sergio Surugi de Siqueira, Hans Vásquez, Bertha Ma Villela de Vega
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717206/an-amino-acid-signature-associated-with-obesity-predicts-2-year-risk-of-hypertriglyceridemia-in-school-age-children
#13
Sofia Moran-Ramos, Elvira Ocampo-Medina, Ruth Gutierrez-Aguilar, Luis Macías-Kauffer, Hugo Villamil-Ramírez, Blanca E López-Contreras, Paola León-Mimila, Joel Vega-Badillo, Roxana Gutierrez-Vidal, Ricardo Villarruel-Vazquez, Erandi Serrano-Carbajal, Blanca E Del-Río-Navarro, Adriana Huertas-Vázquez, Teresa Villarreal-Molina, Isabel Ibarra-Gonzalez, Marcela Vela-Amieva, Carlos A Aguilar-Salinas, Samuel Canizales-Quinteros
Childhood obesity is associated with a number of metabolic abnormalities leading to increased cardiovascular risk. Metabolites can be useful as early biomarkers and new targets to promote early intervention beginning in school age. Thus, we aimed to identify metabolomic profiles associated with obesity and obesity-related metabolic traits. We used data from the Obesity Research Study for Mexican children (ORSMEC) in Mexico City and included a case control (n = 1120), cross-sectional (n = 554) and a longitudinal study (n = 301) of 6-12-year-old children...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715557/overestimating-the-benefit-of-cancer-drugs-reply
#14
Sebastian Salas-Vega, Elias Mossialos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714395/five-decades-of-cuprizone-an-updated-model-to-replicate-demyelinating-diseases
#15
Jose M Vega-Riquer, Gerardo Mendez-Victoriano, Raul A Morales-Luckie, Oscar Gonzalez-Perez
Multiple sclerosis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, peripheral nerve polyneuropathy and others comprise a group of demyelinating diseases characterized by progressive (and eventually irreversible) loss of oligodendrocytes and myelin sheaths in the white matter of the brain. To date, the etiology of these disorders is not well known and no effective treatments are currently available. Therefore, further research is needed to gain a better understand and treat these patients. To accomplish this goal, it is necessary to have appropriate animal models that closely resemble the pathophysiology of these diseases...
July 17, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713804/facilitating-and-inhibiting-factors-of-sexual-behavior-among-migrants-in-transition-from-mexico-to-the-united-states
#16
Jesús Alejandro Guerra-Ordoñez, Raquel A Benavides-Torres, Rogelio Zapata-Garibay, Dora Julia Onofre-Rodríguez, María Aracely Márquez-Vega, Gabriela Zamora-Carmona
INTRODUCTION: Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is one of the most prevalent infectious diseases in the border region of Mexico due to the flow of migrants under desperate conditions, encouraging casual and unprotected sex. Since this has become a binational public health problem, it is important to understand the factors that predict these sexual behaviors. The aim of the current study was to investigate the facilitators and inhibitors of transition in the sexual behavior of migrants from two border regions on the Mexico-United States (US) border...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711935/association-of-msin1-with-mtorc2-ras-and-akt-reveals-a-crucial-domain-on-msin1-involved-in-akt-phosphorylation
#17
Chien-An Yao, Sara Ortiz-Vega, Yun-Ya Sun, Chiang-Ting Chien, Jen-Hua Chuang, Yenshou Lin
mSin1 is a unique component within the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) complex 2 (mTORC2), which is responsible for cellular morphology and glucose metabolism. The association between mSin1 and other mTORC2 components, as well as their functions, has been explored previously; nevertheless, the mapping of the various binding domains of the components is lacking. Based on an evolutionary analysis of the gene, we constructed various fragments and truncated-forms of mSin1. We characterized the individual binding sites of mSin1 with its various partners, including mTOR, Rictor, Ras, and Akt...
June 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710509/x-shaped-inferior-extensor-retinaculum-and-its-doubtful-use-in-the-br%C3%A3-strom-gould-procedure
#18
M Dalmau-Pastor, F Malagelada, G M M J Kerkhoffs, M C Manzanares, J Vega
PURPOSE: The inferior extensor retinaculum (IER) is an aponeurotic structure located in the anterior aspect of the ankle. According to the literature, it can be used to reinforce a repair of the anterior talofibular ligament in ankle instability. Despite its usual description as an Y-shaped structure, it is still unclear which part of the retinaculum is used for this purpose, or if it is instead the crural fascia that is being used. The purpose of this study is to define the anatomical characteristics of the IER to better understand its role in the Broström-Gould procedure...
July 14, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708988/early-colonisation-of-urban-indoor-carcasses-by-blow-flies-diptera-calliphoridae-an-experimental-study-from-central-spain
#19
Daniel Martín-Vega, Carla Martín Nieto, Blanca Cifrián, Arturo Baz, Luisa M Díaz-Aranda
Due to their ubiquity and synanthropy, blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) are generally the first colonisers of cadavers and, therefore, frequently used to estimate a minimum post-mortem interval (minPMI). Whereas in outdoor situations blow flies are expected to locate and colonise exposed cadavers within hours or even minutes after death, it is usually assumed that the colonisation of a cadaver indoors might be delayed for an uncertain period of time. This uncertainty severely limits the informativity of minPMI estimates based on entomological evidence...
July 8, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708139/geometric-phase-morphology-of-jones-matrices
#20
Dorilian Lopez-Mago, Arturo Canales-Benavides, Raul I Hernandez-Aranda, Julio C Gutiérrez-Vega
We demonstrate an innovative technique based on the Pancharatnam-Berry phase that can be used to determine whether an optical system characterized by a Jones matrix is homogeneous or inhomogeneous, containing orthogonal or nonorthogonal eigenpolarizations, respectively. Homogeneous systems have a symmetric geometric phase morphology showing line dislocations and sets of polarization states with an equal geometric phase. In contrast, the morphology of inhomogeneous systems exhibits phase singularities, where the Pancharatnam-Berry phase is undetermined...
July 15, 2017: Optics Letters
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