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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178324/effect-of-lsr-polymorphism-on-blood-lipid-levels-and-age-specific-epistatic-interaction-with-the-apoe-common-polymorphism
#1
T Xie, M G Stathopoulou, S Akbar, T Oster, G Siest, F T Yen, S Visvikis-Siest
The lipolysis stimulated lipoprotein receptor (LSR) is an apolipoprotein (Apo) B and ApoE receptor that participates in the removal of TG-rich lipoproteins during the postprandial phase. LSR gene is located upstream of APOE, an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Since the APOE common polymorphism significantly affects the variability of lipid metabolism, this study aimed to determine the potential impact of a functional SNP rs916147 in LSR gene on lipid traits in healthy subjects and to investigate potential epistatic interaction between LSR and APOE...
November 27, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153758/will-use-of-patient-portals-help-to-educate-and-communicate-with-patients-with-diabetes
#2
Sara L Jackson, Catherine M DesRoches, Dominick L Frosch, Sue Peacock, Natalia V Oster, Joann G Elmore
OBJECTIVE: Chronic disease management can require daily attention, and increased levels of patient activation and engagement. We examined whether patients with diabetes perceive a greater benefit to having electronic access to their doctors' clinic notes compared to patients without diabetes. We hypothesized that easy electronic access to these notes may help patients with self-care by improving education and communication. METHODS: Survey of patients with and without diabetes in Massachusetts and Pennsylvania about perceptions of potential benefits and risks of reading their visit notes via an electronic patient information portal...
November 8, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150179/-therapeutic-strategies-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-results-of-the-escap-2011-cphg-study-promoted-by-the-french-college-of-general-hospital-respiratory-physicians-cphg
#3
F Pinquié, F Goupil, J-P Oster, A Dixmier, P-A Renault, A Lévy, J-P Mathieu, N Paillot, F C Goutorbe, P Masson, O Molinier, D Debieuvre, M Grivaux
BACKGROUND: The aim of ESCAP-2011-CPHG, promoted by the French College of General Hospital Respiratory Physicians, was to describe therapeutic strategies in lung cancer in the first 2 years after diagnosis, in a real-life setting. This article focuses on patients undergoing surgical management of a non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: A prospective multicentre study was conducted in 53 French general hospitals. For each patient with lung cancer diagnosed in 2010, a standardised form was completed following each change in treatment strategy up to 2 years after diagnosis...
November 14, 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095554/patients-perceptions-of-their-doctors-notes-and-after-visit-summaries-a-mixed-methods-study-of-patients-at-safety-net-clinics
#4
Brittaney M Belyeu, Jared W Klein, Lisa M Reisch, Sue Peacock, Natalia V Oster, Joann G Elmore, Sara L Jackson
BACKGROUND: Patients are increasingly offered electronic access to their doctors' notes, and many consistently receive paper After-Visit Summaries. Specific feedback from patients about notes and summaries are lacking, particularly within safety-net settings. DESIGN: A mixed methods study SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Patients with poorly controlled diabetes attending two urban safety-net primary care clinics in Washington State. METHODS: Patients read their own most recent clinic note and After-Visit Summary, then completed a brief survey followed by a focus group discussion (3 groups in a large general medicine teaching clinic and 1 in an HIV/AIDS clinic) about their perceptions of the clinic note and After-Visit Summary...
November 2, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082029/statistical-competencies-for-medical-research-learners-what-is-fundamental
#5
Felicity T Enders, Christopher J Lindsell, Leah J Welty, Emma K T Benn, Susan M Perkins, Matthew S Mayo, Mohammad H Rahbar, Kelley M Kidwell, Sally W Thurston, Heidi Spratt, Steven C Grambow, Joseph Larson, Rickey E Carter, Brad H Pollock, Robert A Oster
INTRODUCTION: It is increasingly essential for medical researchers to be literate in statistics, but the requisite degree of literacy is not the same for every statistical competency in translational research. Statistical competency can range from 'fundamental' (necessary for all) to 'specialized' (necessary for only some). In this study, we determine the degree to which each competency is fundamental or specialized. METHODS: We surveyed members of 4 professional organizations, targeting doctorally trained biostatisticians and epidemiologists who taught statistics to medical research learners in the past 5 years...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029156/detailed-transmission-network-analysis-of-a-large-opiate-driven-outbreak-of-hiv-infection-in-the-united-states
#6
Ellsworth M Campbell, Hongwei Jia, Anupama Shankar, Debra Hanson, Wei Luo, Silvina Masciotra, S Michele Owen, Alexandra M Oster, Romeo R Galang, Michael W Spiller, Sara J Blosser, Erika Chapman, Jeremy C Roseberry, Jessica Gentry, Pamela Pontones, Joan Duwve, Paula Peyrani, Ron M Kagan, Jeannette M Whitcomb, Philip J Peters, Walid Heneine, John T Brooks, William M Switzer
In January 2015, an outbreak of undiagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections among persons who inject drugs (PWID) was recognized in rural Indiana. By September 2016, 205 persons in this community of approximately 4400 had received a diagnosis of HIV infection. We report results of new approaches to analyzing epidemiologic and laboratory data to understand transmission during this outbreak. HIV genetic distances were calculated using the polymerase region. Networks were generated using data about reported high-risk contacts, viral genetic similarity, and their most parsimonious combinations...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993823/comment-on-glycine-functionalized-copper-ii-hydroxide-nanoparticles-with-high-intrinsic-superoxide-dismutase-activity-by-k-korschelt-r-ragg-c-s-metzger-m-kluenker-m-oster-b-barton-m-panth%C3%A3-fer-d-strand-u-kolb-m-mondeshki-s-strand-j-brieger-m-n-tahir-and-w-tremel
#7
Dieter Lenoir, Karl-Werner Schramm
Detoxification of cigarette smoke employing copper compounds has a potential for the formation of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans and should not be practiced before the degree of formation has been shown to be harmless.
October 19, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945855/relationship-of-american-spinal-injury-association-impairment-scale-grade-to-post-injury-hospitalization-and-costs-in-thoracic-spinal-cord-injury
#8
Ellen M Dukes, Steven Kirshblum, Alex A Aimetti, Sarah S Qin, Rebecca K Bornheimer, Gerry Oster
BACKGROUND: The lifetime economic burden of thoracic spinal cord injury (SCI) is known to be high, but evidence of variability of costs in relation to the American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS) grade is limited. OBJECTIVE: To estimate lifetime economic costs of hospitalization by AIS grade in thoracic SCI. METHODS: Using SCI Model Systems data from January 2000 to March 2016 from the National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center, we estimated mean total annual days of all-cause hospitalization by AIS grade among persons with thoracic SCI, based on assessments 1, 5, and 10 yr post-injury...
August 9, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902904/assessing-coastal-wetland-vulnerability-to-sea-level-rise-along-the-northern-gulf-of-mexico-coast-gaps-and-opportunities-for-developing-a-coordinated-regional-sampling-network
#9
Michael J Osland, Kereen T Griffith, Jack C Larriviere, Laura C Feher, Donald R Cahoon, Nicholas M Enwright, David A Oster, John M Tirpak, Mark S Woodrey, Renee C Collini, Joseph J Baustian, Joshua L Breithaupt, Julia A Cherry, Jeremy R Conrad, Nicole Cormier, Carlos A Coronado-Molina, Joseph F Donoghue, Sean A Graham, Jennifer W Harper, Mark W Hester, Rebecca J Howard, Ken W Krauss, Daniel E Kroes, Robert R Lane, Karen L McKee, Irving A Mendelssohn, Beth A Middleton, Jena A Moon, Sarai C Piazza, Nicole M Rankin, Fred H Sklar, Greg D Steyer, Kathleen M Swanson, Christopher M Swarzenski, William C Vervaeke, Jonathan M Willis, K Van Wilson
Coastal wetland responses to sea-level rise are greatly influenced by biogeomorphic processes that affect wetland surface elevation. Small changes in elevation relative to sea level can lead to comparatively large changes in ecosystem structure, function, and stability. The surface elevation table-marker horizon (SET-MH) approach is being used globally to quantify the relative contributions of processes affecting wetland elevation change. Historically, SET-MH measurements have been obtained at local scales to address site-specific research questions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902072/hiv-transmission-dynamics-among-foreign-born-persons-in-the-united-states
#10
Eduardo E Valverde, Alexandra M Oster, Songli Xu, Joel O Wertheim, Angela L Hernandez
BACKGROUND: In the United States (US), foreign-born persons are disproportionately affected by HIV and differ epidemiologically from US-born persons with diagnosed HIV infection. Understanding HIV transmission dynamics among foreign-born persons is important to guide HIV prevention efforts for these populations. We conducted molecular transmission network analysis to describe HIV transmission dynamics among foreign-born persons with diagnosed HIV. METHODS: Using HIV-1 polymerase nucleotide sequences reported to the US National HIV Surveillance System for persons with diagnosed HIV infection during 2001-2013, we constructed a genetic distance-based transmission network using HIV-TRACE and examined the birth region of potential transmission partners in this network...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780861/characterization-of-protein-protein-interfaces-in-large-complexes-by-solid-state-nmr-solvent-paramagnetic-relaxation-enhancements
#11
Carl Öster, Simone Kosol, Christoph Hartlmüller, Jonathan M Lamley, Dinu Iuga, Andres Oss, Mai-Liis Org, Kalju Vanatalu, Ago Samoson, Tobias Madl, Józef R Lewandowski
Solid-state NMR is becoming a viable alternative for obtaining information about structures and dynamics of large biomolecular complexes, including ones that are not accessible to other high-resolution biophysical techniques. In this context, methods for probing protein-protein interfaces at atomic resolution are highly desirable. Solvent paramagnetic relaxation enhancements (sPREs) proved to be a powerful method for probing protein-protein interfaces in large complexes in solution but have not been employed toward this goal in the solid state...
September 6, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759967/people-with-dementia-can-learn-compensatory-movement-maneuvers-for-the-sit-to-stand-task-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Christian Werner, Stefanie Wiloth, Nele Christin Lemke, Florian Kronbach, Carl-Philipp Jansen, Peter Oster, Jürgen M Bauer, Klaus Hauer
BACKGROUND: A complex motor skill highly relevant to mobility in everyday life (e.g., sit-to-stand [STS] transfer) has not yet been addressed in studies on motor learning in people with dementia (PwD). OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a dementia-specific motor learning exercise program enables PwD to learn compensatory STS maneuvers commonly taught in geriatric rehabilitation therapy to enhance patients' STS ability. METHODS: Ninety-seven patients with mild-to-moderate dementia (Mini-Mental State Examination: 21...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710114/circadian-rhythm-disruption-impairs-tissue-homeostasis-and-exacerbates-chronic-inflammation-in-the-intestine
#13
René Pagel, Florian Bär, Torsten Schröder, Annika Sünderhauf, Axel Künstner, Saleh M Ibrahim, Stella E Autenrieth, Kathrin Kalies, Peter König, Anthony H Tsang, Dominik Bettenworth, Senad Divanovic, Hendrik Lehnert, Klaus Fellermann, Henrik Oster, Stefanie Derer, Christian Sina
Endogenous circadian clocks regulate 24 h rhythms of physiology and behavior. Circadian rhythm disruption (CRD) is suggested as a risk factor for inflammatory bowel disease. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unknown. Intestinal biopsies from Per1/2 mutant and wild-type (WT) mice were investigated by electron microscopy, immunohistochemistry, and bromodeoxyuridine pulse-chase experiments. TNF-α was injected intraperitoneally, with or without necrostatin-1, into Per1/2 mice or rhythmic and externally desynchronized WT mice to study intestinal epithelial cell death...
July 14, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687101/increased-pancreatic-cancer-survival-with-greater-lymph-node-retrieval-in-the-national-cancer-data-base
#14
Carlo M Contreras, Chee Paul Lin, Robert A Oster, Sushanth Reddy, Thomas Wang, Selwyn Vickers, Martin Heslin
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the role of lymph node (LN) retrieval in pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PA) patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). METHODS: We utilized the National Cancer Data Base; Cox regression models and logistic regression models were used for statistical evaluation. RESULTS: We evaluated 26,792 patients with PA who underwent PD. The mean LN retrieved in LN(-) patients was 10.8 vs 14.4 for LN(+) patients (P < 0.0001)...
September 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686177/the-telomeric-complex-and-metabolic-disease
#15
REVIEW
Henriette Kirchner, Fozia Shaheen, Hannes Kalscheuer, Sebastian M Schmid, Henrik Oster, Hendrik Lehnert
The attrition of telomeres is believed to be a key event not only in mammalian aging, but also in disturbed nutrient sensing, which could lead to numerous metabolic dysfunctions. The current debate focuses mainly on the question whether telomere shortening, e.g., as a heritable trait, may act as a cause or rather represents a consequence of such chronic diseases. This review discusses the damaging events that ultimately may lead or contribute to telomere shortening and can be associated with metabolic diseases...
July 7, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657784/effect-of-emphysema-extent-on-serial-lung-function-in-patients-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Vincent Cottin, David M Hansell, Nicola Sverzellati, Derek Weycker, Katerina M Antoniou, Mark Atwood, Gerry Oster, Klaus-Uwe Kirchgaessler, Harold R Collard, Athol U Wells
RATIONALE: Patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema may have artificially preserved lung volumes. OBJECTIVES: In this post hoc analysis, we investigated the relationship between baseline emphysema and fibrosis extents, as well as pulmonary function changes, over 48 weeks. METHODS: Data were pooled from two phase III, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of IFN-γ-1b in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (GIPF-001 [NCT00047645] and GIPF-007 [NCT00075998])...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637179/is-delayed-surgical-revascularization-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-useful-or-dangerous-new-insights-into-an-old-problem
#17
Philippe Grieshaber, Peter Roth, Lukas Oster, Tobias M Schneider, Gerold Görlach, Bernd Nieman, Andreas Böning
OBJECTIVES: Haemodynamically stable patients admitted for coronary artery bypass grafting in acute myocardial infarction often undergo delayed surgery in order to avoid the risks of emergency surgery. However, initially stable patients undergoing delayed surgery may develop low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) during the waiting period, which might be a major drawback of this strategy. We aim to define risk factors and clinical consequences of LCOS during the waiting period. METHODS: A total of 530 consecutive patients with acute myocardial infarction (33% non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and 67% ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction) underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting between 2008 and 2013...
November 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593447/predictors-of-near-term-fracture-in-osteoporotic-women-aged-%C3%A2-65%C3%A2-years-based-on-data-from-the-study-of-osteoporotic-fractures
#18
D Weycker, J Edelsberg, R Barron, M Atwood, G Oster, D B Crittenden, A Grauer
Using data from the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (SOF), several clinical characteristics predictive of near-term (1-year) risk of hip and non-vertebral fracture among elderly osteoporotic women were identified, and a subset of those for hip fracture was incorporated into a risk assessment tool. Additional research is needed to validate study findings. INTRODUCTION: While several risk factors are known to contribute to long-term fracture risk in women with osteoporosis, factors predicting fracture risk over a shorter time horizon, such as over a 1-year period, are less well-established...
June 7, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574897/description-of-nurse-scientists-in-a-large-health-care-system
#19
M Cynthia Logsdon, Catherine Kleiner, Cynthia A Oster, Claudia DiSabatino Smith, Brenda Bergman-Evans, Jodeena M Kempnich, Felicia Hogan, John Myers
Replicating a research study that described the work of nurse scientists in children's hospitals, the purpose of the study was to describe the role, activities, and outcomes of nurse scientists employed in a national health care organization. The characteristics of nurses filling the nurse scientist role in clinical settings and outcomes associated with the role have not been extensively described. The setting of this study is ideal since the organization includes facilities of various sizes located in rural, urban, and suburban areas in 18 states...
July 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538261/physical-activity-and-sleep-quality-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-randomized-trial
#20
Laura Q Rogers, Kerry S Courneya, Robert A Oster, Philip M Anton, Randall S Robbs, Andres Forero, Edward McAuley
PURPOSE: Data from large randomized controlled trials confirming sleep quality improvements with aerobic physical activity have heretofore been lacking for post-primary treatment breast cancer survivors. Our primary purpose for this report was to determine the effects of a physical activity behavior change intervention, previously reported to significantly increase physical activity behavior, on sleep quality in post-primary treatment breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Post-primary treatment breast cancer survivors (n = 222) were randomized to a 3-month physical activity behavior change intervention (Better Exercise Adherence after Treatment for Cancer [BEAT Cancer]) or usual care...
October 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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