Read by QxMD icon Read


Wataru Miyamoto, Shinji Imade, Ken Innami, Hirotaka Kawano, Masato Takao
BACKGROUND: Although early accelerated rehabilitation is recommended for the treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture, most traditional rehabilitation techniques require some type of brace. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 44 feet of 44 patients (25 male and 19 female) with a mean age of 31.8 years who had an acute Achilles tendon rupture related to athletic activity. Patients had been treated by a double side-locking loop suture (SLLS) technique using double antislip knots between stumps and had undergone early accelerated rehabilitation, including active and passive range of motion exercises on the day following the operation and full weight-bearing at 4 weeks...
October 10, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Xudong Miao, Yongping Wu, Huimin Tao, Disheng Yang, Lu Huang
BACKGROUND: Transfer of a flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon can not only reconstruct the Achilles tendon but also provide ischemic tendinous tissues with a rich blood supply to enhance wound healing. This retrospective study aims to investigate clinical outcomes in patients who underwent repair of Kuwada grade IV chronic Achilles tendon rupture with long hallucis longus tendons harvested using a minimally invasive technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 35 patients who were treated for Kuwada grade IV Achilles tendon injuries from July 2006 to June 2011 were included in this retrospective study...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Carlos Acosta-Olivo, Jorge Elizondo-Rodriguez, Ricardo Lopez-Cavazos, Felix Vilchez-Cavazos, Mario Simental-Mendia, Oscar Mendoza-Lemus
BACKGROUND: Many treatment options for plantar fasciitis currently exist, some with great success in pain relief. The objective of our study was to compare the use of intralesional steroids with platelet-rich plasma (PRP), using pain scales and functional evaluation, in patients with plantar fasciitis who did not respond to conservative treatment. METHODS: A controlled, randomized, blinded clinical assay was performed. Patients were assigned to one of the two groups by selecting a sealed envelope...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Min Wei, Yujie Liu, Zhongli Li, Zhigang Wang
BACKGROUND: We sought to compare clinical efficacy among endoscopy-assisted radio-frequency ablation under local anesthesia, extracorporeal shockwaves (ESWs), and eccentric exercises in treating insertional Achilles tendinosis. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 78 patients diagnosed as having unilateral insertional Achilles tendinosis were enrolled. These participants underwent endoscopy-assisted radio-frequency ablation, ESWs, and eccentric calf muscle exercises between March 1, 2006, and February 28, 2011...
October 10, 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Manuel Villanueva, Álvaro Iborra, Guillermo Rodríguez, Pablo Sanz-Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Isolated gastrocnemius contracture is thought to lead to numerous conditions. Although many techniques have been described for gastrocnemius recession, potential anesthetic, cosmetic, and wound-related complications can lead to patient dissatisfaction. Open and endoscopic recession techniques require epidural anesthesia, lower limb ischemia, and stitches and may lead to damage of the sural nerve, which is not under the complete control of the surgeon at all stages of the procedure...
October 3, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Zaher Jandali, Martin C Lam, Kiomars Aganloo, Benedikt Merwart, Jouke Buissink, Klaus Müller, Lucian P Jiga
BACKGROUND: The medial sural artery perforator (MSAP) flap shows advantages for reconstruction in the foot and ankle, where bulk is a liability. We evaluated the versatility of this flap and provide further evidence on its use for covering small-to-moderate size defects by comparing the outcome depending on the region of reconstruction. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with variable defects of 4 × 4 to 18 × 7 cm underwent MSAP flap reconstruction. Final outcomes of all patients were evaluated 12-months postoperatively using the AOFAS ankle-hindfoot, midfoot and hallux scale for clinical-functional evaluation, and the SF-36 health survey for quality-of-life measurement...
October 5, 2016: Microsurgery
Evan P McConnell, Robin M Queen
BACKGROUND: Functional recovery following total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is assessed with patient-reported metrics, but physical performance tests may allow for a more accurate assessment of patient function. We quantified correlations between patient-reported measures and physical performance tests in patients after TAA to determine the usefulness of physical performance tests in post-TAA assessment. METHODS: In total, 140 patients with end-stage ankle osteoarthritis were assessed prior to TAA and again at 12 and 24 months postoperatively...
October 2, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Jin Su Kim, Hun Ki Cho, Ki Won Young, Sang Young Lee, Ji Soo Kim, Kyoungtae Lee
BACKGROUND: Scarf osteotomy has been used in hallux valgus surgery due to its large fixation surface for screws and low postoperative complications. However, screws may cause skin irritation from their head, which may require an additional surgical procedure to remove. METHODS: This study included 115 patients (106 females and 9 males, 115 feet) who underwent hallux valgus correction with a scarf osteotomy using bioabsorbable screws between September 2010 and September 2012...
September 25, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Rodrigo Díaz Fernández
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous surgery to correct deformities of the forefoot presents the advantages of using a minimal incision, which involves less soft tissue damage and less risk of wound complications. For severe deformities, percutaneous techniques have not been proven as effective. We propose a technique for the treatment of severe hallux valgus. METHODS: In a sample of 52 feet operated on 48 patients, we performed a double percutaneous osteotomy (closure proximal osteotomy and a distal Akin) or triple when a Reverdin-Isham osteotomy was added...
September 23, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Paweł Reichert, Krzysztof Zimmer, Jarosław Witkowski, Witold Wnukiewicz, Sebastian Kuliński, Jerzy Gosk
BACKGROUND: Morton's neuroma, a painful enlargement of the plantar digital nerve between the metatarsal heads, is a common cause of metatarsalgia. The etiology and treatment are still a controversial matter. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term follow-up results of neurectomy through a dorsal approach and to identify prognostic factors that can affect the final outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 41 patients who were treated for Morton's neuroma...
March 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Justin D Orr, John C Dunn, Kenneth A Heida, Nicholas A Kusnezov, Brian R Waterman, Philip J Belmont
INTRODUCTION: Structural fresh osteochondral allograft transfer is an appropriate treatment option for large osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLTs), specifically lesions involving the shoulder of the talus. Sparse literature exists regarding functional outcome following this surgery in high-demand populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a 2-year period, a single surgeon performed 8 structural allograft transfers for treatment of large OLTs in an active duty US military population...
September 13, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Eui Dong Yeo, Kyung-Tai Lee, Il-Hoon Sung, Sun Geun Lee, Young Koo Lee
BACKGROUND: No reported study has compared clinical and radiologic outcomes between an all-inside arthroscopic modified Broström operation (MBO) and an open MBO. The purpose of this study was to compare clinical and radiologic outcomes of all-inside arthroscopic and open MBOs. METHODS: From August 2012 to July 2014, 48 patients were included. They were divided into 2 groups: all-inside arthroscopic MBO (25 patients) and open MBO (23 patients). The American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score, visual analog scale (VAS) score, and Karlsson score were used to evaluate clinical outcomes...
October 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Federico Giuseppe Usuelli, Riccardo D'Ambrosi, Camilla Maccario, Michele Boga, Laura de Girolamo
PURPOSE: Autologous Matrix-Induced Chondrogenesis (AMIC(®)) is known to provide satisfactory clinical results for the treatment of knee, hip, and ankle cartilage lesions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical and radiological outcomes of patients treated with a new all-arthroscopic AMIC(®) (AT-AMIC(®)) technique with autologous bone graft for talar osteochondral defects at a follow-up of 24 months. METHODS: Twenty patients underwent the AT-AMIC(®) procedure and autologous bone graft for type III and IV talar osteochondral lesions...
September 12, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Yildiz Analay Akbaba, Derya Celik, R Tahir Ogut
We sought to translate and culturally adapt the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle-hindfoot scale (AOFAS-AHFS) into Turkish and determine the selected psychometric properties of the translated version. The AOFAS-AHFS is widely used to evaluate disability associated with foot and ankle injuries but has not yet been translated or culturally adapted for Turkish-speaking individuals. The AOFAS-AHFS was translated into Turkish using the Beaton guidelines. The measurement properties of the Turkish AOFAS-AHFS (internal consistency, construct validity, and floor and ceiling effects) were tested in 72 patients (94 feet, 50 females; average ± SD age 44...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Adriano Russo, Paolo Giacchè, Enrico Marcantoni, Annalisa Arrighi, Luigi Molfetta
PURPOSE: this study was conducted to evaluate long-term results following treatment of chronic lateral ankle instability using the Broström-Gould technique in athletes. METHODS: eighteen athletes involved in competitive sports at different levels, who suffered from chronic lateral ankle instability, underwent Broström-Gould ligamentoplasty between 2000 and 2005. The results of the surgery were evaluated using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) scale...
April 2016: Joints
Federico Giuseppe Usuelli, Miriam Grassi, Luigi Manzi, Vincenzo Guarrella, Michele Boga, Laura DE Girolamo
PURPOSE: the aim of this study is to report the clinical and imaging results recorded by a series of patients in whom osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLTs) were repaired using the autologous collagen-induced chondrogenesis (ACIC) technique with a completely arthroscopic approach. METHODS: nine patients (mean age 37.4±10 years) affected by OLTs (lesion size 2.1±0.9 cm(2)) were treated with the ACIC technique. The patients were evaluated clinically both preoperatively and at 12 months after surgery using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot Scale (AOFAS) and a visual analog scale (VAS)...
April 2016: Joints
S Steinmetz, B Puliero, D Brinkert, N Meyer, P Adam, F Bonnomet, M Ehlinger
INTRODUCTION: Tibiofemoral syndesmosis injuries are common but have not been extensively researched. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the outcomes after temporary screw fixation with ligament repair of these injuries. The secondary objective was to look for factors that could impact these outcomes. We hypothesised that this double fixation (screw+suture) would lead to good outcomes with minimal secondary opening of the syndesmosis upon screw removal. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 285 patients with a tibiofemoral syndesmosis injury (01/2004-12/2011) who were treated by temporary tricortical or quadricortical screw fixation and ligament repair...
September 1, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
L Jeyaseelan, S Chandrashekar, A Mulligan, H A Bosman, A J S Watson
AIMS: The mainstay of surgical correction of hallux valgus is first metatarsal osteotomy, either proximally or distally. We present a technique of combining a distal chevron osteotomy with a proximal opening wedge osteotomy, for the correction of moderate to severe hallux valgus. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed 45 patients (49 feet) who had undergone double osteotomy. Outcome was assessed using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) and the Short Form (SF) -36 Health Survey scores...
September 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
J Zou, Z Shi, G Mei, J Xue, W Gu, X Li
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis (TB) in midfoot is often secondary to tuberculosis elsewhere in the body. The experience and literatures to treat midfoot tuberculosis are rare. Up until now, no successful method is reported to treat midfoot tuberculosis. HYPOTHESIS: Stage surgery is an effective method to treat midfoot bone TB. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between January 2008 to January 2011, 14 patients who were diagnosed midfoot tuberculosis and suffered stage operation were enrolled...
August 26, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
B Li, G Wu, Y Yang
PURPOSE: To compare the outcome following conservative or surgical treatment for displaced fracture of the medial process of the calcaneal tuberosity. METHODS: 14 men and 4 women aged 20 to 44 years chose to undergo conservative (9 feet) or surgical (10 feet) treatment by a single surgeon for closed displaced fracture of the medial process of the calcaneal tuberosity. The injury mechanism was a fall from a height of <1.5 m; the mean time from injury to treatment was 3 (range, 1-7) days...
August 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"