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pilon fracture

Jessica C Rivera, Renee M Greer, Mary Ann Spott, Anthony E Johnson
BACKGROUND: The Military Orthopaedic Trauma Registry (MOTR) was designed to replicate the Department of Defense Trauma Registry's (DoDTR's) role as pillar for data-driven management of extremity war wounds. The MOTR continuously undergoes quality assurance checks to optimize the registry data for future quality improvement efforts. We conducted a quality assurance survey of MOTR entrants to determine if a simple MOTR data pull could provide robust orthopedic-specific information toward the question of causes for late amputation...
November 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Daniel Torino, Samir Mehta
The role of fibular fixation in patients with distal tibia fractures is controversial. Although the stability of the fibula is critical in patients with syndesmotic instability or highly comminuted pilon fractures, fibular fixation in extraarticular distal tibia fractures or elementary intraarticular distal tibia fractures is more controversial. Biomechanical studies, as performed in sawbones or cadaveric models, denote advantages to fibular fixation with respect to specific uniplanar motion. However, the increased stability is susceptible to the fracture pattern of the tibia, fixation strategy for the tibia, fixation strategy for the fibula, and loading pattern of the entire construct...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Daniel S Chan, Paul M Balthrop, Brian White, David Glassman, Roy W Sanders
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether multiple approaches pose an increased risk to fracture healing when compared to a standard single approach in the treatment of pilon (OTA 43C) fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective review of a prospective database. SETTING: Level I academic trauma center and level II community trauma center. METHODS: From January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2011, all records of patients treated for OTA 43C fractures of the distal tibia were reviewed...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
M M Abou Elatta, F Assal, H M Basheer, A F El Morshidy, S M Elglaind, M A Abdalla
: The aim of this study was to review the outcome of the treatment of finger proximal interphalangeal joint dorsal fracture subluxations and pilon fractures with a modified external fixator. We treated 36 patients (36 fingers). We assessed the ranges of motion and patient satisfaction. At final follow-up, 23 patients had no pain; 11 had pain in the cold; and two also had mild pain. None had moderate or severe pain. The mean range of proximal interphalangeal joint motion was 86° (60°-100°)...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
J Franke, S Y Vetter, N Beisemann, B Swartman, P A Grützner, M Schnetzke
BACKGROUND: The results and immediate consequences of intraoperative three-dimensional (3D) imaging in the treatment of AO classification type C fractures of the distal radius, the tibial head and the tibial pilon were analyzed and compared with published results on general intraoperative revision rates following intraoperative 3D-imaging. METHODS: In this retrospective study 279 patients with AO type C fractures of the distal radius (n = 84), tibial head (n = 109) and tibial pilon (n = 86) who underwent intraoperative 3D-imaging were included...
October 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
Shao-hua Jia, Cheng-long Huang, Hong-wei Xu, Sui-liang Gong
OBJECTIVE: To explore clinical results of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) for posterior Pilon fracture through posterolateral approach. METHODS: Seventeen patients with posterior Pilon fracture were treated through posterolateral approach from February 2010 to April 2013. Among them,including 11 males and 6 females aged from 29 to 59 with an average of 43.4 years old. All fractures were associated with more than 20% of articular surface of distal tibial...
June 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Yukai Wang, Jianwei Wang, Cong Feng Luo
BACKGROUND: Posterior pilon variant fracture is a recently described posterior malleolus fracture characterized by the involvement of both posterolateral and posteromedial malleolar fragment. The associated surgical approach remains controversial. The aim of this study was to present the application of modified posteromedial approach in the treatment for posterior pilon variant fracture. METHODS: Sixteen patients were identified with posterior pilon variant fractures...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Vito N Galante, Giovanni Vicenti, Gianfranco Corina, Claudio Mori, Antonella Abate, Girolamo Picca, Vito Conserva, Domenico Speciale, Lorenzo Scialpi, Nicola Tartaglia, Vincenzo Caiaffa, Biagio Moretti
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of hybrid external fixation in the treatment of tibial pilon fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective, multicentre study. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients with tibial pilon fractures treated with hybrid external fixation. INTERVENTION: Fracture reduction with ligamentotaxis and fixation with XCaliber hybrid external fixator. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Fracture union, complications, functional outcome (Mazur Ankle Score)...
July 30, 2016: Injury
David Hardeski, Greg Gaski, Manjari Joshi, Richard Venezia, Jason W Nascone, Marcus F Sciadini, Robert V O'Toole
BACKGROUND: Temporary external fixators are often used to stabilize fractures when definitive fracture surgery must be delayed. Sometimes, external fixators are left in place during repeat operations, including definitive internal fixation of tibial pilon and tibial plateau fractures. It is unknown how well current surgical preparation sterilizes these devices, which become part of the surgical field. Our hypothesis was that our institution's standard surgical preparation creates a low rate of culture-positive environments on external fixators at the time of surgical skin incision...
July 7, 2016: Injury
Lindsay E Hickerson, Diederik O Verbeek, Craig E Klinger, David L Helfet
This video reviews the indications, surgical approach, and case examples of the anterolateral approach to a distal tibial plafond fracture. If this approach is used in a staged fashion, when the soft envelope is ready, it affords excellent visualization for fracture fixation through thick skin flaps. An associated article reviews a cohort of 44 mainly type C3 pilon injuries treated by 2 orthopaedic traumatologist using the anterolateral approach after staged external fixation. An anatomic or good fracture reduction was obtained in 41 fractures with 13...
August 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Alex Fokin, Samuel R Huntley, Spencer H Summers, Charles M Lawrie, Alejandro D Miranda, Alberto J Caban-Martinez, Steven D Steinlauf
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of (1) peroneal tendon displacement (PTD) and posteromedial structure entrapment (PMSE) cases in a sample of pilon fractures, (2) missed diagnoses of PTD and PMSE on computed tomography (CT) by radiologists and attending orthopaedic trauma surgeons, and PTD and PMSE cases by (3) OTA/AO classification, and (4) fibular fracture. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort review. SETTING: Regional level 1 Trauma Center...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Kevin Dibbern, Laurence B Kempton, Thomas F Higgins, Saam Morshed, Todd O McKinley, J Lawrence Marsh, Donald D Anderson
Patients with tibial pilon fractures have a higher incidence of post-traumatic osteoarthritis than those with fractures of the tibial plateau. This may indicate that pilon fractures present a greater mechanical insult to the joint than do plateau fractures. We tested the hypothesis that fracture energy and articular fracture edge length, two independent indicators of severity, are higher in pilon than plateau fractures. We also evaluated if clinical fracture classification systems accurately reflect severity...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Phillip Penny, Michael Swords, Jason Heisler, Adam Cien, Andrew Sands, Peter Cole
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the screw trajectory of ten commercially available distal tibia plates and compare them to common fracture patterns seen in OTA C type pilon fractures to determine their ability to stabilize the three most common fracture fragments while buttressing anterolateral zones of comminution. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that a single plate for the distal tibia would fail to adequately stabilize all three main fracture fragments and zones of comminution in complex pilon fractures...
August 2016: Injury
Jessica C Rivera, Renee M Greer, Mary Ann Spott, Anthony E Johnson
BACKGROUND: The Military Orthopaedic Trauma Registry (MOTR) was designed to replicate the Department of Defense Trauma Registry's (DoDTR) role as pillar for data-driven management of extremity war wounds. MOTR continuously undergoes quality assurance checks to optimize the registry data for future quality improvement efforts. We conducted a quality assurance survey of MOTR entrants to determine if a simple MOTR data pull could provide robust orthopaedic specific information towards the question of causes for late amputation...
May 27, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
David H Ballard, Kevin J Campbell, Lee E Blanton, Jason T Williams, Guillermo Sangster, Anne M Hollister, Alberto A Simoncini
The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence of tendon entrapments and tendon dislocations associated with ankle and hindfoot fractures in patients studied by multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). Additionally, we describe particular tendon injuries associated with specific fractures. This was a retrospective review of all individuals with a trauma-protocol CT for suspected ankle and/or hindfoot fractures during a consecutive 41-month time period at a single Level I Trauma Center. Each patient's images were evaluated by two radiologists and an orthopedic surgeon for tendon entrapment, tendon dislocation, and bone(s) fractured or dislocated...
August 2016: Emergency Radiology
Mareen Braunstein, Sebastian F Baumbach, Markus Regauer, Wolfgang Böcker, Hans Polzer
BACKGROUND: An anatomical reconstruction of the ankle congruity is the important prerequisite in the operative treatment of acute ankle fractures. Despite anatomic restoration patients regularly suffer from residual symptoms after these fractures. There is growing evidence, that a poor outcome is related to the concomitant traumatic intra-articular pathology. By supplementary ankle arthroscopy anatomic reduction can be confirmed and associated intra-articular injuries can be treated. Nevertheless, the vast majority of complex ankle fractures are managed by open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) only...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Walter Daghino, Marco Messina, Marco Filipponi, Massè Alessandro
BACKGROUND: The tibial pilon fractures represent a complex therapeutic problem for the orthopedic surgeon, given the frequent complications and outcomes disabling. The recent medical literature indicates that the best strategy to reduce amount of complications in tibial pilon fractures is two-stages procedure. We describe our experience in the primary stabilization of these fractures. METHODS: We treated 36 cases with temporary external fixation in a simple configuration, called "tripolar": this is an essential structure (only three screws and three rods), that is possible to perform even without the availability of X-rays and with simple anesthesia or sedation...
2016: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Y J Zha, X Y Jiang, M Q Gong
OBJECTIVE: To introduce the surgical techniques and treating results of the old "terrible triad" of the elbow. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 11 cases of old "terrible triad" of the elbow treated by the author from March 2009 to February 2014 were performed, with 9 males and 2 females; mean age was (31.82±8.66) years (17-45 years). The average time after injury was (6.36±2.50) weeks (4-12 weeks), with 7 cases on the left and 4 right. The combined injury included 2 cases with distal radius fractures, 1 with ankle fractures, fractures of the distal radius and the head injury (minor epidural hematoma, no surgery), and 1 with Pilon fractures and L4 fractures (fixed at local hospital)...
April 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Wang Xiaoping, Zhantu Wei, Jian Huang, Luyao Chen, Shiqiang Hu, Weiwei Wu, Yumin Tu, Sheng Guo, Guotai Xu, Zhicheng Deng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the application value of three-dimensional reconstruction and virtual preoperative planning for Pilon fractures. METHODS: Between July 2010 and June 2014, 16 patients with closed Pilon fracture were treated, including 12 males and 4 females with an average age of 36.5 years (range, 22-53 years) and a mean disease duration of 10.2 days (range, 6-14 days). According to AO/Orthopaedic Trauma Association (AO/OTA) typing, 2 cases were rated as 43...
January 2016: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Jonathan Tresley, Ty K Subhawong, Adam D Singer, Paul D Clifford
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between tibial pilon and calcaneal fracture classification and tendon entrapment or dislocation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After institutional review board approval, we retrospectively reviewed consecutive CT scans with calcaneal or pilon fractures from 5 years at a level 1 trauma center. We categorized calcaneal fractures according to the Sanders classification, and pilon fractures according to the Ruedi and Allgower and the Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen-Orthopaedic Trauma Association (AO-OTA) classifications...
July 2016: Skeletal Radiology
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