keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pneumonia in elderly

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781594/-monoclonal-spread-of-multi-drug-resistant-ctx-m-15-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-impact-of-measures-to-control-the-outbreak
#1
M A Asencio Egea, M Huertas Vaquero, C Muñoz-Cuevas, J Gaitán Pitera, O Herráez Carrera, P Alcázar Carmona, H D Patiño Ortega, M Franco Huerta, C Román Ortiz, M C Conde García, R Carranza González, J R Barberá, V Bautista Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: To describe an outbreak of multi-drug resistant extended-spectrum β-lactamases-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (MDR-ESBL-KPN) and the impact of measures for its control. METHODS: We reviewed the patients´ clinical records with MDR-ESBL-KPN isolation during 2013-2016 with resistance to fluoroquinolones, aminoglycosides, fosfomycin, and nitrofurantoin; susceptible to imipenem, meropenem, colistin, and tigecycline and variable to ertapenem and cotrimoxazole (Vitek-2)...
May 18, 2018: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771625/a-multifaceted-approach-to-rsv-vaccination
#2
Jorge C G Blanco, Marina S Boukhvalova, Trudy G Morrison, Stefanie N Vogel
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) is the leading cause of pneumonia and bronchiolitis in infants, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. In addition, RSV infections occur throughout different ages, thus, maintaining the virus in circulation, and increasing health risk to more susceptible populations such as infants, the elderly, and the immunocompromised. To date, there is no vaccine approved to prevent RSV infection or minimize symptoms of infection. Current clinical trials for vaccines against RSV are being carried out in four very different populations...
May 17, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769253/effectiveness-of-23-valent-pneumococcal-polysaccharide-vaccine-on-elderly-long-term-cancer-survivors-a-population-based-propensity-score-matched-cohort-study
#3
Wen-Yen Chiou, Moon-Sing Lee, Shih-Kai Hung, Hon-Yi Lin, Yuan-Chen Lo, Feng-Chun Hsu, Shiang-Jiun Tsai, Chung-Yi Li
OBJECTIVE: The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices in 2012 recommended the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23) for adults with high risk of pneumonia. However, its effectiveness in cancer survivors has not been investigated. Our aim was to investigate the effectiveness of PPSV23 in these patients. DESIGN: Population-based matched cohort study. SETTING: Claim data were obtained from 1 million people registered with the National Health Insurance Research Database in 1996, and followed to 2010...
May 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768937/cotton-rat-model-for-testing-vaccines-and-antivirals-against-respiratory-syncytial-virus
#4
M S Boukhvalova, K C Yim, Jcg Blanco
Respiratory syncytial virus is the leading cause of pneumonia and bronchiolitis in infants and is a serious health risk for elderly and immunocompromised individuals. No vaccine has yet been approved to prevent respiratory syncytial virus infection and the only available treatment is immunoprophylaxis of severe respiratory syncytial virus disease in high-risk infants with Palivizumab (Synagis® ). The development of respiratory syncytial virus vaccine has been hampered by the phenomenon of enhanced respiratory syncytial virus disease observed during trials of a formalin-inactivated respiratory syncytial virus in 1960s...
January 2018: Antiviral Chemistry & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768343/potential-common-factors-associated-with-predisposition-to-common-cold-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-japanese-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#5
Michi Shibata, Taizo Iwane, Ryoko Higuchi, Kaname Suwa, Kei Nakajima
People worldwide frequently catch a common cold, which occasionally develops into secondary severe conditions such as pneumonia. However, it is unclear whether predisposition to the common cold is associated with the individual's characteristics including age, body weight, lifestyles, diets, and intestinal functions, besides exposure to a responsible pathogen. We addressed this issue epidemiologically considering many relevant clinical factors.We reviewed data from a cross-sectional study consisting of 39,524 apparently healthy Japanese aged 40 to 79 years (26,975 men and 12,549 women) who underwent a checkup in 2007...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755958/gut-microbiota-contributes-to-resistance-against-pneumococcal-pneumonia-in-immunodeficient-rag-mice
#6
Krysta M Felix, Ivan A Jaimez, Thuy-Vi V Nguyen, Heqing Ma, Walid A Raslan, Christina N Klinger, Kristian P Doyle, Hsin-Jung J Wu
Streptococcus pneumoniae causes infection-related mortality worldwide. Immunocompromised individuals, including young children, the elderly, and those with immunodeficiency, are especially vulnerable, yet little is known regarding S. pneumoniae- related pathogenesis and protection in immunocompromised hosts. Recently, strong interest has emerged in the gut microbiota's impact on lung diseases, or the "gut-lung axis." However, the mechanisms of gut microbiota protection against gut-distal lung diseases like pneumonia remain unclear...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755948/two-cases-of-acute-pneumococcal-purulent-arthritis
#7
Masafumi Seki, Bin Chang, Kengo Ohshima, Yuji Watanabe
We present two adult cases of pneumococcal severe arthritis one case with, and other case without pericarditis those occurred in one season. Both cases eventually recovered, and the isolated S. pneumoniae strains were serotype 12F and penicillin susceptible. The patients were not elderly and had no medical history including pneumonia and vaccination. Although S. pneumoniae is a relatively rare causative pathogen of arthritis and/or pericarditis recently, a greater number of cases may be expected as a result of serotype conversion due to the increased use of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines in Japan...
2018: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755789/relationship-of-meteorological-and-air-pollution-parameters-with-pneumonia-in-elderly-patients
#8
Suleyman Serdar Tasci, Cemil Kavalci, Afsin Emre Kayipmaz
Background and Purpose: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between pneumonia and meteorological parameters (temperature, humidity, precipitation, airborne particles, sulfur dioxide (SO2 ), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2 ), nitrite oxide (NO), and nitric oxide (NOX)) in patients with the diagnosis of pneumonia in the emergency department. Methods: Our study was performed retrospectively with patients over 65 years of age who were diagnosed with pneumonia...
2018: Emergency Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753296/mortality-specific-comorbidity-among-inpatients-with-epilepsy-a-preliminary-cross-sectional-study-in-west-china
#9
Yang Si, Xiaoqiang Xiao, Hongbin Sun
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the current condition of mortality-specific comorbidity among hospitalized patients with epilepsy (PWE). METHODS: The discharge abstract records of PWE from over 730,000 admissions were extracted from the hospital medical database. Fourteen mortality-related comorbidities from an epilepsy-specific index (ESI) were selected for the present assessment. The hospital-based prevalence of these comorbidities was estimated...
May 9, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747999/streptococcus-pneumoniae-prevalence-in-nasopharyngeal-carriers-of-more-than-50-years-old-in-a-mexican-rural-community
#10
Luz Elena Espinosa de Los Monteros-Pérez, Rodolfo Norberto Jiménez-Juárez, Demóstenes Gómez-Barreto, Carlos Francisco Navas-Villar
INTRODUCTION: Streptococcus pneumoniae (Sp) is the main cause of community-acquired pneumonia in the elderly, hence the importance to establish the prevalence of nasopharyngeal colonization by different Sp serotypes in adults. METHODS: from December 2009 to June 2010, nasopharyngeal cultures were taken from adults living in rural communities in Mexico for the isolation and serotyping of Sp by the Quellung reaction. Penicillin and ceftriaxone susceptibility tests were performed by the microdilution method...
May 7, 2018: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744230/skull-base-osteomyelitis-from-otitis-media-presenting-as-the-collet-sicard-syndrome
#11
Wong-Kein Low, Hui-Ling Lhu
Skull base osteomyelitis can involve the jugular foramen and its associated cranial nerves resulting in specific clinical syndromes. The Collet-Sicard syndrome describes the clinical manifestations of palsies involving cranial nerves IX, X, XI, and XII. We present a rare atypical case of skull base osteomyelitis originating from infection of the middle ear and causing the Collet-Sicard syndrome. Caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae , this occurred in an elderly diabetic man subsequent to retention of a cotton swab in an ear with chronic suppurative otitis media...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744035/human-metapneumovirus-what-we-know-now
#12
REVIEW
Nazly Shafagati, John Williams
Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) is a leading cause of acute respiratory infection, particularly in children, immunocompromised patients, and the elderly. HMPV, which is closely related to avian metapneumovirus subtype C, has circulated for at least 65 years, and nearly every child will be infected with HMPV by the age of 5. However, immunity is incomplete, and re-infections occur throughout adult life. Symptoms are similar to those of other respiratory viral infections, ranging from mild (cough, rhinorrhea, and fever) to more severe (bronchiolitis and pneumonia)...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743455/-evaluation-of-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-endoscopic-treatment-for-early-gastric-cancers-in-patients-aged-over-80-years
#13
Takeshi Setoyama, Shin' Ichi Miyamoto, Mitsuhiro Nikaido, Takahiro Horimatsu, Shigemi Matsumoto, Yasumasa Ezoe, Shuko Morita, Ikuo Aoyama, Chiharu Kawanami, Toshihiro Kusaka, Tsutomu Chiba, Manabu Muto, Hiroshi Seno
Endoscopic treatments, including endoscopic mucosal resection or endoscopic submucosal dissection, are well accepted as standard treatments for early gastric cancers. However, there are few studies evaluating the safety and efficacy of this approach for early gastric cancers in patients aged over 80 years, and the post-treatment prognosis remains unclear. Here, we retrospectively analyzed the medical records and evaluated the safety and efficacy of endoscopic treatment for early gastric cancers in patients aged over 80 years (group A) compared with non-elderly patients aged 65-79 years (group B) and under 65 years (group C)...
2018: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742237/vaccination-coverage-and-use-of-the-brazilian-health-system-for-vaccination-against-influenza-and-pneumonia-in-adults-and-elderly-with-self-reported-diabetes-municipality-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-2003-2008-and-2015
#14
Camila Nascimento Monteiro, Reinaldo José Gianini, Sheila Rizzato Stopa, Neuber José Segri, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros, Chester Luiz Galvão Cesar, Moisés Goldbaum
OBJECTIVE: to estimate the vaccination coverage against influenza and pneumonia and to analyze the utilization of Brazilian National Health System-SUS for vaccination in adults and elderly with self-reported diabetes in São Paulo, Brazil, in 2003, 2008 and 2015. METHODS: Cross-sectional studies with data from the ISA-Capital (population-based household surveys). RESULTS: 3,357, 3,271 and 4,043 were interviewed in 2003, 2008 and 2015; the prevalence of diabetes mellitus were 5...
2018: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740589/cervical-hyperostosis-leading-to-dyspnea-aspiration-and-dysphagia-strategies-to-improve-patient-management
#15
Georgios Psychogios, Monika Jering, Johannes Zenk
Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) is a rare but well known cause of dysphagia. In very few cases aspiration and dyspnea are described as a clinical manifestation. An 82-year-old man presented himself in our clinic with severe dyspnea, aspiration, and pneumonia. After performing a microlaryngoscopy an emergency tracheotomy became necessary. In laryngoscopy a severe bulging of the posterior oropharyngeal and hypopharyngeal wall was detected. The glottis area was not observable and immobilisation of the right vocal cord could be detected...
2018: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733351/clinical-features-of-human-metapneumovirus-pneumonia-in-non-immunocompromised-patients-an-investigation-of-three-long-term-care-facility-outbreaks
#16
Yosuke Karimata, Takeshi Kinjo, Gretchen Parrott, Ayako Uehara, Daijiro Nabeya, Shusaku Haranaga, Futoshi Higa, Masao Tateyama, Keiko Miyagawa, Tomoo Kishaba, Kanako Otani, Michiko Okamoto, Hidekazu Nishimura, Jiro Fujita
Background: Several studies have reported outbreaks due to human metapneumovirus (hMPV) in long-term care facilities (LTCF) for the elderly. However, most of these reports are epidemiological studies and do not investigate the clinical features of hMPV pneumonia. Methods: Three independent outbreaks of hMPV occurred at separate LTCF for intellectually challenged and elderly residents. A retrospective evaluation of hMPV pneumonia and its clinical and radiological features was conducted using available medical records and data...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730816/comparison-of-short-term-associations-with-meteorological-variables-between-copd-and-pneumonia-hospitalization-among-the-elderly-in-hong-kong-a-time-series-study
#17
Holly Ching-Yu Lam, Emily Ying-Yang Chan, William Bernard Goggins
Pneumonia and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) are the commonest causes of respiratory hospitalization among older adults. Both diseases have been reported to be associated with ambient temperature, but the associations have not been compared between the diseases. Their associations with other meteorological variables have also not been well studied. This study aimed to evaluate the associations between meteorological variables, pneumonia, and COPD hospitalization among adults over 60 and to compare these associations between the diseases...
May 5, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730325/rapid-sensitive-and-reliable-detection-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-by-label-free-multiple-cross-displacement-amplification-coupled-with-nanoparticles-based-biosensor
#18
Yi Wang, Weiqiang Yan, Yan Wang, Jianguo Xu, Changyun Ye
Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae), as an important hospital-acquired bacterium, is responsible for severe morbidity and mortality among the elderly, newborn and immune-compromised people. We established a rcsA gene-based label-free multiple cross displacement amplification (MCDA) assay for rapid, simple and sensitive detection of K. pneumoniae by using lateral flow biosensor (LFB). MCDA reaction was conducted at a fixed temperature (65 °C) for only 30 min, and amplification results were directly indicated using LFB...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729179/is-delayed-surgery-after-unsuccessful-conservative-treatment-beneficial-for-spinal-cord-injury-following-whiplash-a-retrospective-study-in-elderly-patients
#19
Tengfei Zhao, Bolaky Landish Yishmaan, Dasheng Lin, Kan Xu, Qiankun Zhou, Ge Yang
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical outcomes of early and delayed surgery in cervical spinal cord injury following whiplash in elderly patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS Our retrospective review identified elderly patients (≥65 years old) with spinal cord injury following whiplash injury from 2006 to 2015. The neck disability index (NDI), modify Japanese Orthopedics Association (mJOA) score, and visual analogue scale (VAS) score were used to evaluate clinical outcomes preoperatively and during follow-up...
May 5, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728312/disability-and-not-diabetes-is-a-strong-predictor-of-mortality-in-oldest-old-patients-hospitalized-with-pneumonia
#20
S Corrao, C Argano, G Natoli, A Nobili, G R Corazza, P M Mannucci, F Perticone
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia causes more deaths than any other infectious disease, especially in older patients with multiple chronic diseases. Recent studies identified a low functional status as prognostic factor for mortality in elderly patients with pneumonia while contrasting data are available about the role of diabetes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in-hospital, 3-month and 1-year mortality in elderly subjects affected by pneumonia enrolled in the RePoSi register. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data collected on hospitalized elderly patients in the frame of the REPOSI project...
May 1, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
keyword
keyword
59234
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"