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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742426/educating-students-for-a-lifetime-of-physical-activity-enhancing-mindfulness-motivation-and-meaning
#1
Catherine D Ennis
For many years, pedagogical scholars and physical education (PE) teachers have worked to enhance effective teaching and learning environments. Yet for some children, youth, and young adults, many of the benefits associated with a physically active lifestyle remain elusive. Enhancing programming and performance to meet physical activity goals may require moving programs beyond "effective." It will require teachers and program leaders to focus programmatic attention on strategies to actually increase students' out-of-class physical activity behavior...
July 25, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741673/eslicarbazepine-acetate-as-adjunctive-treatment-in-partial-onset-epilepsy
#2
S Lattanzi, C Cagnetti, N Foschi, A Lorusso, L Provinciali, M Silvestrini
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the clinical response to eslicarbazepine acetate (ESL) as add-on therapy in adult patients with partial-onset epilepsy by means of the time-to-baseline seizure count method. METHODS: We retrospectively identified consecutive patients with partial-onset seizures, with or without secondary generalization, prescribed to ESL add-on therapy. The primary endpoint was the time-to-baseline monthly seizure count. Subgroup analysis was performed according to carbamazepine (CBZ)/oxcarbazepine (OXC) status (prior vs never use)...
July 25, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735592/the-prevalence-and-service-utilisation-associated-with-mental-and-substance-use-disorders-in-lao-people-s-democratic-republic-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-survey
#3
F Charlson, S Diminic, C Choulamany, D Santomauro, S Raja, H Whiteford
AIMS: An epidemiological survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of the mental and substance use disorders and ascertain patterns of mental health services utilisation in Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) with the aim of evaluating existing gaps and opportunities in the provision of mental health services. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional, household survey of adults living within Vientiane Capital province, Lao PDR. We collected data on participant demographics, mental and physical health status, family history of mental illness and exposure to potential risk factors...
July 24, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734324/adolescence-and-later-life-disease-burden-quantifying-the-contribution-of-adolescent-tobacco-initiation-from-longitudinal-cohorts
#4
Russell M Viner, Dougal S Hargreaves, Janaina Vieira Dos Santos Motta, Bernardo Horta, Ali H Mokdad, George Patton
PURPOSE: Adolescence is a time of initiation of behaviors leading to noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). We use tobacco to illustrate a novel method for assessing the contribution of adolescence to later burden. METHODS: Data on initiation of regular smoking during adolescence (10-19 years) and current adult smoking were obtained from the 1958 British Birth Cohort, the U.S. National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), the Pelotas 1982 Birth Cohort, and the Victorian Adolescent Health Cohort Study...
August 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733854/process-evaluation-of-a-clinical-trial-to-test-school-support-as-hiv-prevention-among-orphaned-adolescents-in-western-kenya
#5
Denise Dion Hallfors, Hyunsan Cho, Shane Hartman, Isabella Mbai, Carolyne Atieno Ouma, Carolyn Tucker Halpern
Orphaned adolescents are a large and vulnerable population in sub-Saharan Africa, at higher risk for HIV than non-orphans. Yet prevention of new infection is critical for adolescents since they are less likely than adults to enter and remain in treatment and are the only age group with rising AIDS death rates. We report process evaluation for a randomized controlled trial (RCT) testing support to stay in school (tuition, uniform, nurse visits) as an HIV prevention strategy for orphaned Kenyan adolescents. The RCT found no intervention effect on HIV/HSV-2 biomarker outcomes...
July 21, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731943/the-impact-of-polypharmacy-on-patient-outcomes-in-older-adults-with-cancer
#6
Ginah Nightingale, Emily Skonecki, Manpreet K Boparai
Polypharmacy is prevalent in older adults with cancer and may be advantageous for the management of certain chronic disease states, but uncertainty exists regarding potential hazards and consequences. Cancer-related therapy adds to the prevalence of polypharmacy, which can lead to compromised cancer management plans (i.e., postoperative complications, treatment delays, and/or premature treatment discontinuation). Polypharmacy has been identified as one of the domains commonly included in the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment likely because of the potential influence on health outcomes...
July 2017: Cancer Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728547/community-based-initiatives-improving-critical-health-literacy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-evidence
#7
Liesbeth de Wit, Christine Fenenga, Cinzia Giammarchi, Lucia di Furia, Inge Hutter, Andrea de Winter, Louise Meijering
BACKGROUND: Critical health literacy enables older adults to make informed health decisions and take actions for the health and wellbeing of themselves and their community, within their own social and cultural context. A community-based approach has the potential to improve the critical health literacy of older adults and their communities. However, it is not clear how such initiatives consider critical health literacy. Therefore, this study explored how community-based initiatives address the critical health literacy of older adults and their communities...
July 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728468/the-roles-of-chronological-age-and-time-perspective-in-memory-positivity
#8
Irene P Kan, Shaina L Garrison, Anna B Drummey, Brian E Emmert, Leeland L Rogers
The observation that older adults show enhanced cognition for emotionally positive information has been labeled the positivity effect (Reed, Chan, & Mikels, 2014). According to the Socioemotional Selectivity Theory (SST, Carstensen, 1991), a prominent lifespan development theory, cognition is strongly influenced by motivational goals, and these goals are impacted by subjective time perspective. Although the positivity effect is most commonly observed in older adults, as age usually co-varies with time perspective, the SST posits that time perspective, not age, is the key explanatory factor of positivity...
July 21, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725641/mechanisms-mediating-pediatric-severe-asthma-and-potential-novel-therapies
#9
REVIEW
Aldara Martin Alonso, Sejal Saglani
Although a rare disease, severe therapy-resistant asthma in children is a cause of significant morbidity and results in utilization of approximately 50% of health-care resources for asthma. Improving control for children with severe asthma is, therefore, an urgent unmet clinical need. As a group, children with severe asthma have severe and multiple allergies, steroid resistant airway eosinophilia, and significant structural changes of the airway wall (airway remodeling). Omalizumab is currently the only add-on therapy that is licensed for use in children with severe asthma...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722615/assessing-the-short-term-global-health-experience-a-cross-sectional-study-of-demographics-socioeconomic-factors-and-disease-prevalence
#10
Olivia Geen, Allison Pumputis, Cristina Kochi, Andrew Costa, Karl Stobbe
Interest in short-term global health experiences to underserviced populations has grown rapidly in the last few decades. However, there remains very little research on what participants can expect to encounter. At the same time, it has been suggested that in order for physicians and workers to provide safe and effective care, volunteers should have a basic understanding of local culture, health systems, epidemiology, and socioeconomic needs of the community before arriving. Our objective was to add to the limited literature on what short-term global health trips can expect to encounter through a cross-sectional study of patient demographics, socioeconomic markers, and the prevalence of diseases encountered on a short-term medical service trip to Lima, Peru...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722217/personal-and-situational-predictors-of-everyday-snacking-an-application-of-temporal-self-regulation-theory
#11
Katherine G Elliston, Stuart G Ferguson, Benjamin Schüz
OBJECTIVES: This study aims at testing predictions derived from temporal self-regulation theory (TST) in relation to discretionary food choices (snacks). TST combines a motivational sphere of influence (cognitions and temporal valuations resulting in intentions) with a momentary sphere (encompassing social and physical environmental cues). This dual approach differs from current health behaviour theories, but can potentially improve our understanding of the interplay of personal and environmental factors in health behaviour self-regulation...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716927/nuclear-genomes-distinguish-cryptic-species-suggested-by-their-dna-barcodes-and-ecology
#12
Daniel H Janzen, John M Burns, Qian Cong, Winnie Hallwachs, Tanya Dapkey, Ramya Manjunath, Mehrdad Hajibabaei, Paul D N Hebert, Nick V Grishin
DNA sequencing brings another dimension to exploration of biodiversity, and large-scale mitochondrial DNA cytochrome oxidase I barcoding has exposed many potential new cryptic species. Here, we add complete nuclear genome sequencing to DNA barcoding, ecological distribution, natural history, and subtleties of adult color pattern and size to show that a widespread neotropical skipper butterfly known as Udranomia kikkawai (Weeks) comprises three different species in Costa Rica. Full-length barcodes obtained from all three century-old Venezuelan syntypes of U...
July 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710939/evaluation-of-bait-traps-as-a-means-to-predict-initial-blow-fly-diptera-calliphoridae-communities-associated-with-decomposing-swine-remains-in-new-jersey-usa
#13
Lauren M Weidner, M Denise Gemmellaro, Jeffery K Tomberlin, George C Hamilton
Information about blow fly (Diptera: Calliphoridae) species distributions can be valuable for criminal investigations, with regards to determining movement of remains from one location to another and time of colonization estimates, making these data extremely useful. Past work has been conducted on initial species community structure across New Jersey, USA using traps baited with beef liver; however, if these same species frequent vertebrate carrion remains unclear. In order to evaluate these data, piglet carcasses were placed out once every two weeks for a year in New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA...
June 19, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709742/age-and-gender-differences-in-the-association-between-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-stroke-in-the-general-us-population-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2006
#14
Ji Li, Hong Lai, Lifang Yang, Hong Zhu, Shaoguang Chen, Shenghan Lai
BACKGROUND: Previous findings on the association between serum 25(OH)D level and stroke have been controversial. We aimed to examine whether these controversial findings could be possibly due to difference in study participant characteristics, especially age and gender differences in these studies, by analyzing the data from a representative sample of the general US population. METHODS: Data of 13,642 adults 20 years or older who participated in the 2001-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed in this study...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707328/antecedents-of-transition-patterns-of-depressive-symptom-trajectories-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#15
Tae Kyoung Lee, Kandauda A S Wickrama, Josephine A Kwon, Frederick O Lorenz, Assaf Oshri
This study examined (a) transition patterns from adolescent-specific depressive symptom trajectory classes to young adult-specific trajectory classes (N = 537; 15-26 years) and (b) identified risk factors associated with these transition patterns. The latent classes and transition analyses identified three transitional patterns of depressive symptom trajectories, including a deteriorating pattern (8.2%), a recovering pattern (22.5%), and a consistently low pattern (69.3%). Additionally, the results showed that contextual risk factors (i...
July 14, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700092/oral-paracetamol-acetaminophen-for-cancer-pain
#16
REVIEW
Philip J Wiffen, Sheena Derry, R Andrew Moore, Ewan D McNicol, Rae F Bell, Daniel B Carr, Mairead McIntyre, Bee Wee
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common symptom with cancer, and 30% to 50% of all people with cancer will experience moderate to severe pain that can have a major negative impact on their quality of life. Non-opioid drugs are commonly used to treat mild to moderate cancer pain, and are recommended for this purpose in the WHO cancer pain treatment ladder, either alone or in combination with opioids.A previous Cochrane review that examined the evidence for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or paracetamol, alone or combined with opioids, for cancer pain was withdrawn in 2015 because it was out of date; the date of the last search was 2005...
July 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700013/correlations-between-caregiver-psychiatric-symptoms-and-offspring-psychopathology-in-a-low-resource-setting
#17
Camila T Matsuzaka, Milton L Wainberg, Andrea Norcini Pala, Elis V Hoffmann, Bruno M Coimbra, Rosaly F Braga, Cristiane S Duarte, Annika C Sweetland, Marcelo F Mello
Objective: Associations between parental/caregiver depression and adverse child outcomes are well established and have been described through one or more mechanisms: child psychopathology following exposure to a depressed caregiver, child psychopathology exacerbating a caregiver's depression, and caregiver and offspring depression sharing the same etiology. Data from low and middle-income countries is scarce. We examined correlations between common symptoms of mental disorders in caregivers and their offspring's psychopathology in a Brazilian sample...
July 6, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699702/adult-attachment-hostile-conflict-and-relationship-adjustment-among-couples-facing-multiple-sclerosis
#18
Cassandra J Crangle, Tae L Hart
OBJECTIVE: Couples facing multiple sclerosis (MS) report significantly elevated rates of relationship distress, yet the effects of attachment have never been examined in this population. We examined whether hostile conflict mediated the dyadic effects of attachment on relationship adjustment in couples facing MS and whether these associations were moderated by gender or role. We also explored whether dyadic adjustment mediated the relationship between attachment and hostile conflict. DESIGN: The study was cross-sectional and included 103 couples in which one partner had been diagnosed with MS...
July 12, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693958/childhood-obesity-obesity-treatment-outcome-and-achieved-education-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Emilia Hagman, Pernilla Danielsson, Lena Brandt, Viktoria Svensson, Anders Ekbom, Claude Marcus
PURPOSE: Childhood obesity represents a social burden. This study aims to investigate whether achieved educational level differs in young adults who have suffered obesity in childhood compared with the general population and to determine how obesity treatment influences achieved educational level. METHODS: This prospective cohort study includes subjects from the Swedish Childhood Obesity Treatment Registry (BORIS, n = 1,465) who were followed up after 20 years of age...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692145/efficacy-and-safety-of-tiotropium-in-school-age-children-with-moderate-to-severe-symptomatic-asthma-a-systematic-review
#20
Gustavo J Rodrigo, Hugo Neffen
BACKGROUND: Recently published data support the benefits and safety of the once-daily (OD) long-acting anticholinergic tiotropium bromide bronchodilator for the treatment of uncontrolled moderate to severe asthma in adults and adolescents. However, its role for the treatment of school-age asthmatics has not yet been clearly defined. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the efficacy and safety of tiotropium Respimat(®) in children aged 6-11 years with moderate to severe symptomatic asthma...
July 10, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
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