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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781712/me-and-you-in-caregivinghood-dyadic-resistance-resources-and-deficits-out-of-the-informal-caregiver-s-perspective
#1
Mia M T Wennerberg, Solveig M Lundgren, Monica Eriksson, Ella Danielson
OBJECTIVE: To present Specific and Generalized Resistance Resources (SRRs/GRRs) and Deficits (SRDs/GRDs) described by 32 informal caregivers as originating from themselves and their older adult carerecipients as dyads. METHOD: Salutogenic interviewing was used to assemble data from caregivers. A theory-driven, memo-guided and comparative analysis using within- and across- case analysis was applied to unravel resources and deficits influencing the outcomes when they managed tension associated with caregiving...
May 21, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781685/detection-referral-and-control-of-diabetes-and-hypertension-in-the-rural-eastern-cape-province-of-south-africa-by-community-health-outreach-workers-in-the-rural-primary-healthcare-project-health-in-every-hut
#2
Angela A Morris-Paxton, Paul Rheeder, Rose-Marie G Ewing, Dillon Woods
BACKGROUND:  Non-communicable diseases, mainly cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer and chronic respiratory diseases, are responsible for approximately 63% of all deaths occurring worldwide in any given year. The majority of these deaths have occurred in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The latest World Health Organization (WHO) report shows that the increase in diabetes is also most pronounced in the LMICs. The South African Labour and Development Research Unit estimated a 9% prevalence within the adult population in 2016...
April 11, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780586/asthma-related-health-services-and-asthma-control-among-women-in-puerto-rico
#3
María Calixta Ortiz-Rivera
Objectives: This study evaluates social, behavioral, and environmental determinants to differentiate between active and inactive asthma and how predisposing, enabling, and need factors elucidate asthma-related health services and asthma control among women in Puerto Rico. Methods: This study analyzed secondary cross-sectional data from a subsample of 625 adult females who participated in the Asthma Call Back Survey in Puerto Rico. Logistic and multinomial regression analyses were conducted to examine associations between explanatory variables and asthma outcomes...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780338/better-cognitive-performance-is-associated-with-the-combination-of-high-trait-mindfulness-and-low-trait-anxiety
#4
Satish Jaiswal, Shao-Yang Tsai, Chi-Hung Juan, Wei-Kuang Liang, Neil G Muggleton
There are several ways in which cognitive and neurophysiological parameters have been consistently used to explain the variability in cognitive ability between people. However, little has been done to explore how such cognitive abilities are influenced by differences in personality traits. Dispositional mindfulness and anxiety are two inversely linked traits that have been independently attributed to a range of cognitive functions. The current study investigated these two traits in combination along with measures of the attentional network, cognitive inhibition, and visual working memory (VWM) capacity...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773921/race-ethnicity-union-status-and-change-in-body-mass-index-in-young-adulthood
#5
Rhiannon A Kroeger, Reanne Frank
This study used data from three waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) and fixed-effects regression to consider whether associations between change in union status and change in BMI were moderated by race/ethnicity. The results indicated that intimate unions were differentially associated with gains in BMI along race/ethnic lines, especially for women. Compared to White women, marriage was associated with larger increases in BMI for Black, Hispanic and Multiracial women, and cohabitation was associated with larger increases for Black and Hispanic women...
April 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768938/double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-clinical-trial-of-ginger-zingiber-officinale-rosc-addition-in-migraine-acute-treatment
#6
Laís Bhering Martins, Ana Maria Dos Santos Rodrigues, Débora Fernandes Rodrigues, Luana Caroline Dos Santos, Antônio Lúcio Teixeira, Adaliene Versiani Matos Ferreira
Background Previous studies have demonstrated the analgesic effects of ginger in different conditions, but evidence about its efficacy in migraine treatment is scarce. Objective This study aimed to evaluate the potential of ginger to improve acute migraine as an add-on strategy to standard treatment. Methods A double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial in the emergency room of a general hospital was conducted. Patients who sought medical care at the time of migraine attack were enrolled in this study...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768288/caffeine-sodium-benzoate-for-electroconvulsive-therapy-augmentation
#7
Kevin M Bozymski, Teresa G Potter, Vasu Venkatachalam, Ananda K Pandurangi, Ericka L Crouse
OBJECTIVES: Because of an ongoing manufacturer shortage of injectable caffeine sodium benzoate (CSB), patients at our health system were given CSB compounded in-house to increase seizure response during electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Therefore, we aimed to evaluate its effectiveness and safety as an ECT augmentation agent. METHODS: Medical records of patients who received compounded CSB at Virginia Commonwealth University Health System were reviewed to identify adults receiving it as part of an index ECT treatment course between June 2012 and December 2016...
May 15, 2018: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766636/empagliflozin-as-add-on-to-linagliptin-in-a-fixed-dose-combination-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-glycemic-efficacy-and-safety-profile-in-a-52-week-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#8
Ryuzo Kawamori, Masakazu Haneda, Keiko Suzaki, Gang Cheng, Kosuke Shiki, Yuki Miyamoto, Fernando Solimando, Christopher Lee, Jisoo Lee, Jyothis George
AIMS: This double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of empagliflozin (Empa) 10 or 25 mg as add-on to linagliptin (Lina) 5 mg (fixed-dose combination, Empa/Lina 10/5 or 25/5) in insufficiently controlled Japanese type 2 diabetes patients. METHODS: The trial (40 sites; May 2015-March 2017) screened 433 adults (≥20 years) who were treatment-naive or on one oral antidiabetic drug for ≥12 weeks (discontinued at enrolment)...
May 15, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765219/estimated-prevalence-and-incidence-of-diagnosed-adhd-and-health-care-utilization-in-adults-in-sweden-a-longitudinal-population-based-register-study
#9
Maria Polyzoi, Ewa Ahnemark, Emma Medin, Ylva Ginsberg
Background: Although the worldwide prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults is estimated to be between 2% and 5%, it is considered to be underdiagnosed. This register study explored the prevalence of diagnosed ADHD and incidence of newly diagnosed ADHD in Swedish adults over time, and assessed comorbidities and pharmacologic treatment. Methods: National Patient Register data were used to estimate the overall prevalence of adults (≥18 years) with a registered ADHD diagnosis from 2006 to 2011, and the incidence of newly registered diagnoses from 2007 to 2011...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761066/anterior-skull-base-reconstruction-does-fat-preparation-matter
#10
Joshua Wood, Jaron Densky, John Boughter, Merry Sebelik, Courtney Shires
Objectives  This article aims (1) to determine whether there is any difference in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak rate after anterior skull base autologous fat reconstruction based on how the fat is prepared, and (2) to measure impact on surgical times by reconstruction type. Design  Translational animal model surgical technique 3-arm trial, comparing two different methods of autologous fat skull base reconstruction versus a nonreconstructed control group. Setting  Animal study. Subjects  Adult Sprague-Dawley rats...
April 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760840/clinical-ultrasound-is-safe-and-highly-specific-for-acute-appendicitis-in-moderate-to-high-pre-test-probability-patients
#11
Daniel Corson-Knowles, Frances M Russell
Introduction: Clinical ultrasound (CUS) is highly specific for the diagnosis of acute appendicitis but is operator-dependent. The goal of this study was to determine if a heterogeneous group of emergency physicians (EP) could diagnose acute appendicitis on CUS in patients with a moderate to high pre-test probability. Methods: This was a prospective, observational study of a convenience sample of adult and pediatric patients with suspected appendicitis. Sonographers received a structured, 20-minute CUS training on appendicitis prior to patient enrollment...
May 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759659/the-global-development-and-clinical-efficacy-of-sublingual-tablet-immunotherapy-for-allergic-diseases
#12
REVIEW
Hendrik Nolte, Jennifer Maloney
Allergy immunotherapy (AIT) is a treatment option for respiratory allergy that is complementary to pharmacotherapy, with a distinct mechanism of action. Alternative methods to subcutaneous administration of AIT that enable patients to safely self-administer AIT is considered an unmet clinical need. The sublingual immunotherapy tablet (SLIT-tablet) is an orally disintegrating pharmaceutical formulation (oral lyophilisate) containing standardized allergens. SLIT-tablets have been developed for sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) of cedar-pollen, grass-pollen, ragweed-pollen, tree-pollen, and house dust mite allergies...
May 12, 2018: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757070/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-diabetes-diagnosis-and-glycemic-control-among-women-of-reproductive-age
#13
Laura E Britton, Jon M Hussey, Jamie L Crandell, Diane C Berry, Jada L Brooks, Amy G Bryant
BACKGROUND: Types 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus complicate pregnancies and threaten the health of women of reproductive age and their children. Among older adults, diabetes morbidity disproportionately burdens racial/ethnic minorities, but diabetes emergence among younger adults has not been as well characterized. The objective of this study was to describe the distribution of diagnosed diabetes, undiagnosed diabetes, suboptimal preconception glycemic control, and prediabetes among women of reproductive age across racial/ethnic backgrounds...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756803/attitude-toward-own-aging-as-a-risk-factor-for-cognitive-disorder-in-old-age-12-year-evidence-from-the-ilse-study
#14
Jelena S Siebert, Hans-Werner Wahl, Christina Degen, Johannes Schröder
Previous research has demonstrated the harmful impact of subjective aging processes (e.g., negative age self-stereotyping) on normal cognitive aging in different domains of cognitive functioning, such as memory, executive function, and fluid abilities. Recently, subjective aging has also been linked to important biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and dementia-related outcomes, indicating associations with pathological cognitive aging. With data from the Interdisciplinary Longitudinal Study of Adult Development and Aging (ILSE), the present study extends this research by examining the long-term effect of attitude toward own aging (ATOA) on expert-based clinical diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and AD in old age...
May 2018: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756255/comparative-optimism-in-older-adults-future-health-expectations
#15
Karen Vanderzanden, Joelle C Ruthig
OBJECTIVES: Despite a common belief that health declines with age, many older adults remain optimistic about their future health. However, the longitudinal impact of personal and comparatively optimistic future health estimates (FHEs) is unclear. METHOD: Among 408 older adults (Mage  = 70.32 years), this study identified the prevalence, source, and two-year stability of comparatively optimistic FHEs; examined demographic, psychosocial, and health correlates of comparative FHEs; and assessed the role of comparative FHEs in predicting eight-year survival odds...
May 13, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755346/a-multicenter-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study-of-the-effects-of-loki-zupa-in-patients-with-chronic-asthma
#16
Yubao Lv, Ying Wei, Muhammadjan Abduwaki, Tohti Jurat, Fengsen Li, Huaizhen Wang, Yuhua Wu, Zheng Li, Bo Liu, Hongjun Yin, Yuxue Cao, Mammat Nurahmat, Zihui Tang, Jingcheng Dong
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Uyghur medical formula Loki zupa in patients with chronic asthma. Adult patients with chronic asthma randomly received placebo or Loki zupa as add-on to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) maintenance treatment. Loki zupa or mimics was administered orally 10 ml per time, three times a day for 8 weeks. The primary endpoints were asthma control test (ACT) score and peak expiratory flow (PEF). The secondary endpoints were acute exacerbation rate, lung function, night waking days, and symptom-free days in the near 2 weeks, Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ) score and some inflammatory cytokines in peripheral blood...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754321/chronic-low-back-pain-a-mini-review-on-pharmacological-management-and-pathophysiological-insights-from-clinical-and-pre-clinical-data
#17
REVIEW
Thomas S W Park, Andy Kuo, Maree T Smith
Globally, low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common health problems affecting humans. The lifetime prevalence of non-specific LBP is approximately 84%, with the chronic prevalence at about 23%. Chronic LBP in humans is defined as LBP that persists for more than 12 weeks without a significant pain improvement. Although there are numerous evidence-based guidelines on the management of acute LBP, this is not the case for chronic LBP, which is regarded as particularly difficult to treat. Research aimed at discovering new drug treatments for alleviation of chronic mechanical LBP is lacking due to the paucity of knowledge on the pathobiology of this condition, despite its high morbidity in the affected adult population...
May 12, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753670/intraoperative-renal-resistive-index-as-an-acute-kidney-injury-biomarker-development-and-validation-of-an-automated-analysis-algorithm
#18
Benjamin Y Andrew, Elias Y Andrew, Anne D Cherry, Jennifer N Hauck, Alina Nicoara, Carl F Pieper, Mark Stafford-Smith
OBJECTIVE: Intraoperative Doppler-determined renal resistive index (RRI) is a promising early acute kidney injury (AKI) biomarker. As RRI continues to be studied, its clinical usefulness and robustness in research settings will be linked to the ease, efficiency, and precision with which it can be interpreted. Therefore, the authors assessed the usefulness of computer vision technology as an approach to developing an automated RRI-estimating algorithm with equivalent reliability and reproducibility to human experts...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750977/high-definition-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-changes-older-adults-subjective-sleep-and-corresponding-resting-state-functional-connectivity
#19
Jing Sheng, Chao Xie, Dong-Qiong Fan, Xu Lei, Jing Yu
With advanced age, older adults show functional deterioration in sleep. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), a noninvasive brain stimulation, modulates individuals' behavioral performance in various cognitive domains. However, the modulation effect and neural mechanisms of tDCS on sleep, especially for the elderly population are not clear. Here, we aimed to investigate whether high-definition transcranial direct current stimulation (HD-tDCS) could modulate community-dwelling older adults' subjective sleep and whether these potential improvements are associated with the large-scale brain activity alterations recorded by functional magnetic resonance imaging...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750681/predischarge-and-postdischarge-risk-factors-for-hospital-readmission-among-patients-with-diabetes
#20
Abhijana Karunakaran, Huaqing Zhao, Daniel J Rubin
BACKGROUND: Hospital readmission within 30 days of discharge (30-d readmission) is an undesirable outcome. Readmission of patients with diabetes is common and costly. Most of the studies that have examined readmission risk factors among diabetes patients did not include potentially important clinical data. OBJECTIVES: To provide a more comprehensive understanding of 30-day readmission risk factors among patients with diabetes based on predischarge and postdischarge data...
May 10, 2018: Medical Care
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