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Beauveria bassiana overexpression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344592/distinct-roles-of-two-cytoplasmic-thioredoxin-reductases-trr1-2-in-the-redox-system-involving-cysteine-synthesis-and-host-infection-of-beauveria-bassiana
#1
Long-Bin Zhang, Li Tang, Sheng-Hua Ying, Ming-Guang Feng
Two thioredoxin (Trx) reductases (Trr1/2) are known to play overlapping roles in the yeast Trx-Trr redox system but are generally unexplored in filamentous fungi, which possess multiple Trx homologues. This study seeks to characterize the functions of Trr1 and Trr2 in Beauveria bassiana, a filamentous fungal insect pathogen, and to probe their Trx partners. Both Trr1 and Trr2 were evidently localized in the cytoplasm of B. bassiana, unlike the two yeast homologues that have been reported to localize in the cytoplasm and mitochondria, respectively...
June 25, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27130487/dissection-of-the-contributions-of-cyclophilin-genes-to-development-and-virulence-in-a-fungal-insect-pathogen
#2
Yonghong Zhou, Nemat O Keyhani, Yongjun Zhang, Zhibing Luo, Yanhua Fan, Yujie Li, Qiaosheng Zhou, Jianjun Chen, Yan Pei
Cyclophilins are ubiquitous proteins found in all domains of life, catalyzing peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerization (PPIase activity) and functioning in diverse cellular processes. The filamentous insect pathogenic fungus, Beauveria bassiana, contains 11 cyclophilin genes whose roles were probed via individual gene knockouts, construction of over-expression strains, and a simultaneous gene knockdown strategy using tandem SiRNA. Mutants were examined for effects on conidiation, hyphal growth, cyclosporine and stress resistance, and insect virulence...
November 2016: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26056261/tenebrionid-secretions-and-a-fungal-benzoquinone-oxidoreductase-form-competing-components-of-an-arms-race-between-a-host-and-pathogen
#3
Nicolás Pedrini, Almudena Ortiz-Urquiza, Carla Huarte-Bonnet, Yanhua Fan, M Patricia Juárez, Nemat O Keyhani
Entomopathogenic fungi and their insect hosts represent a model system for examining invertebrate-pathogen coevolutionary selection processes. Here we report the characterization of competing components of an arms race consisting of insect protective antimicrobial compounds and evolving fungal mechanisms of detoxification. The insect pathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana has a remarkably wide host range; however, some insects are resistant to fungal infection. Among resistant insects is the tenebrionid beetle Tribolium castaneum that produces benzoquinone-containing defensive secretions...
July 14, 2015: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25403093/a-novel-mitochondrial-membrane-protein-ohmm-limits-fungal-oxidative-stress-resistance-and-virulence-in-the-insect-fungal-pathogen-beauveria-bassiana
#4
Zhangjiang He, Suhong Zhang, Nemat O Keyhani, Yulin Song, Shuaishuai Huang, Yan Pei, Yongjun Zhang
The Hog1 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase regulates environmental stress responses and virulence in the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana. To further characterize this pathway, we constructed a subtraction library enriched for genes regulated by Hog1. One targeted gene, encoding a novel membrane protein, Ohmm (oxidative homeostasis membrane-protein-mitochondria), was uniquely identified as being downregulated in the ΔHog1 background during growth under non-stress and osmotic stress conditions, but upregulated under oxidative stress...
November 2015: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23956386/a-fungal-insecticide-engineered-for-fast-per-os-killing-of-caterpillars-has-high-field-efficacy-and-safety-in-full-season-control-of-cabbage-insect-pests
#5
Yong-Jie Liu, Jing Liu, Sheng-Hua Ying, Shu-Sheng Liu, Ming-Guang Feng
Fungal insecticides developed from filamentous pathogens of insects are notorious for their slow killing action through cuticle penetration, depressing commercial interest and practical application. Genetic engineering may accelerate their killing action but cause ecological risk. Here we show that a Beauveria bassiana formulation, HV8 (BbHV8), engineered for fast per os killing of caterpillars by an insect midgut-acting toxin (Vip3Aa1) overexpressed in conidia has both high field efficacy and safety in full-season protection of cabbage from the damage of an insect pest complex dominated by Pieris rapae larvae, followed by Plutella xylostella larvae and aphids...
October 2013: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21425679/generation-of-two-new-macrolactones-through-sequential-biotransformation-of-dihydroresorcylide
#6
Jia Zeng, Jonathan Valiente, Jixun Zhan
Biotransformation is an effective method to generate new derivatives from natural products. Combination of various enzymes or whole-cell biocatalysts creates new opportunities for natural product biosynthesis. Dihydroresorcylide (1) is a phytotoxic macrolactone from Acremonium aeae. It was first chlorinated at C-11 by an engineered Escherichia coli BL21-CodonPlus (DE3)-RIL/pJZ54 strain that overexpresses a fungal flavin-dependent halogenase, and subsequently glycosylated at 12-OH by Beauveria bassiana ATCC 7159, giving rise to a novel derivative, 11-chloro-4'-O-methyl-12-O-beta-D-glucosyl-dihydroresorcylide (3)...
February 2011: Natural Product Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21130770/carbon-catabolite-repressor-gene-bbcre1-influences-carbon-source-uptake-but-does-not-have-a-big-impact-on-virulence-in-beauveria-bassiana
#7
Kai Jin, Zhibing Luo, Xiaodong Jiang, Yongjun Zhang, Yonghong Zhou, Yan Pei
A gene (BbCre1, GenBank accession number EF108309) encoding a carbon catabolite repressor (CreA) with two Cys(2)His(2) zinc finger regions and a nuclear localization signal was cloned from the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana. Overexpression and antisense strategies were used to investigate the biological functions of this gene. Compared with the wild type, the conidial yield and colony growth of BbCre1-overexpression transformants were significantly decreased on the plates with xylose or ethanol as the sole carbon source...
March 2011: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20674735/increased-virulence-using-engineered-protease-chitin-binding-domain-hybrid-expressed-in-the-entomopathogenic-fungus-beauveria-bassiana
#8
Yanhua Fan, Xiaoqiong Pei, Shujuan Guo, Yongjun Zhang, Zhibing Luo, Xinggang Liao, Yan Pei
Insect cuticles consist mainly of interlinked networks of proteins and the highly insoluble polysaccharide, chitin. Entomopathogenic fungi, such as Beauveria bassiana, invade insects by direct penetration of host cuticles via the action of diverse hydrolases including proteases and chitinases coupled to mechanical pressure. In order to better target cuticle protein-chitin structures and accelerate penetration speed, a hybrid protease (CDEP-BmChBD) was constructed by fusion of a chitin binding domain BmChBD from Bombyx mori chitinase to the C-terminal of CDEP-1, a subtilisin-like protease from B...
December 2010: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20464449/the-chitinase-gene-bbchit1-from-beauveria-bassiana-enhances-resistance-to-cytospora-chrysosperma-in-populus-tomentosa-carr
#9
Zhichun Jia, Yimin Sun, Li Yuan, Qiaoyan Tian, Keming Luo
The Chinese white poplar (Populus tomentosa Carr.) is susceptible to infection by plant diseases which severely affect its growth and substantially decrease its economic value. A chitinase gene (Bbchit1) from Beauveria bassiana was introduced into Chinese white poplar (Populus tomentosa Carr.) by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. The T-DNA of plant transformation vector contained the beta-glucuronidase reporter gene (GUS) under the control of CaMV 35S promoter and the neomycin phosphotransferase selection marker gene (NPTII) driven by the nos promoter...
September 2010: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20094711/a-new-manganese-superoxide-dismutase-identified-from-beauveria-bassiana-enhances-virulence-and-stress-tolerance-when-overexpressed-in-the-fungal-pathogen
#10
Xue-Qin Xie, Jie Wang, Bao-Fu Huang, Sheng-Hua Ying, Ming-Guang Feng
A superoxide dismutase (SOD) was characterized from Beauveria bassiana, a fungal entomopathogen widely applied to insect control. This 209-aa enzyme (BbSod2) showed no more than 71% sequence identity to other fungal Mn-SODs, sharing all conserved residues with the Mn-SOD family and lacking a mitochondrial signal. The SOD activity of purified BbSod2 was significantly elevated by Mn(2+), suppressed by Cu(2+) and Zn(2+) but inhibited by Fe(3+). Overexpressing the enzyme in a BbSod2-absent B. bassiana strain enhanced its SOD activity (107...
May 2010: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19854926/carboxylate-transporter-gene-jen1-from-the-entomopathogenic-fungus-beauveria-bassiana-is-involved-in-conidiation-and-virulence
#11
Kai Jin, Yongjun Zhang, Weiguo Fang, Zhibing Luo, Yonghong Zhou, Yan Pei
Beauveria bassiana is an important entomopathogenic fungus widely used as a biological agent to control insect pests. A gene (B. bassiana JEN1 [BbJEN1]) homologous to JEN1 encoding a carboxylate transporter in Saccharomyces cerevisiae was identified in a B. bassiana transfer DNA (T-DNA) insertional mutant. Disruption of the gene decreased the carboxylate contents in hyphae, while increasing the conidial yield. However, overexpression of this transporter resulted in significant increases in carboxylates and decreased the conidial yield...
January 2010: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19666027/expressing-a-fusion-protein-with-protease-and-chitinase-activities-increases-the-virulence-of-the-insect-pathogen-beauveria-bassiana
#12
Weiguo Fang, Jin Feng, Yanhua Fan, Yongjun Zhang, Michael J Bidochka, Raymond J St Leger, Yan Pei
Entomopathogenic fungi, such as Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium anisopliae are being developed as alternatives to chemical insecticides. They infect insects by direct penetration of the cuticle using a combination of physical pressure and extracellular hydrolytic enzymes such as proteases and chitinases. Previously we found that overexpression of a subtilisin-like protease (Pr1A) or a chitinase (Bbchit1) resulted in increased virulence of M. anisopliae and B. bassiana, respectively. In this study, we found that a mixture of the B...
October 2009: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17085713/increased-insect-virulence-in-beauveria-bassiana-strains-overexpressing-an-engineered-chitinase
#13
Yanhua Fan, Weiguo Fang, Shujuan Guo, Xiaoqiong Pei, Yongjun Zhang, Yuehua Xiao, Demou Li, Kai Jin, Michael J Bidochka, Yan Pei
Entomopathogenic fungi are currently being used for the control of several insect pests as alternatives or supplements to chemical insecticides. Improvements in virulence and speed of kill can be achieved by understanding the mechanisms of fungal pathogenesis and genetically modifying targeted genes, thus improving the commercial efficacy of these biocontrol agents. Entomopathogenic fungi, such as Beauveria bassiana, penetrate the insect cuticle utilizing a plethora of hydrolytic enzymes, including chitinases, which are important virulence factors...
January 2007: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16157887/transgenic-alteration-of-toll-immune-pathway-in-the-female-mosquito-aedes-aegypti
#14
Guowu Bian, Sang Woon Shin, Hyang-Mi Cheon, Vladimir Kokoza, Alexander S Raikhel
Reverse genetics is a powerful tool for understanding gene functions and their interactions in the mosquito innate immunity. We took the transgenic approach, in combination with the RNA interference (RNAi) technique, to elucidate the role of mosquito REL1, a homolog of Drosophila Dorsal, in regulation of Toll immune pathway in the mosquito Aedes aegypti. By transforming the mosquitoes with DeltaREL1-A or a double-stranded RNA construct of REL1 driven by the female fat body-specific vitellogenin (Vg) promoter with the pBac[3xP3-EGFP, afm] vector, we generated two different transgenic mosquito strains, one with overexpressed AaREL1 and the second with AaREL1 knockdown...
September 20, 2005: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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