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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908314/-severe-corneal-scald-after-steam-explosion
#1
Jógvan Suni Øregaard, Thuy Linh Tran, Jakob Felbo Paulsen, Rikke Bredgaard
Facial burns and scalds are common but the eyes are rarely affected. We present a case of a 40-year-old female patient with severe eye injury due to facial scald. Although initial examination in the emergency department did not reveal signs of serious injury, the patient was referred to the burns unit two days later due to suspicion of infection of the facial burns. She was found to have seriously impaired vision and was transferred to a department of ophthalmology. Examination revealed bilateral severe corneal injuries and bilateral limbal ischaemia, presumably leading to permanently impaired vision...
November 21, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898626/dental-trauma-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department-referral-center
#2
Emily Hall, Patricia Hickey, Thuy Nguyen-Tran, Jeff Louie
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe dental and associated oral injuries in a pediatric population that presents to an emergency department. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study and identified children from January 2007 to September 2011. Charts were reviewed for any subject, age from newborn to younger than 19 years, based on International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes for any dental or oral injury. Data abstraction included demographics, time of day of presentation, location and identification of tooth (s) injured, management, and disposition...
December 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892715/incorporation-of-chemotherapeutic-agent-and-photosensitizer-in-a-low-temperature-sensitive-liposome-for-effective-chemo-hyperthermic-anticancer-activity
#3
Hanh Thuy Nguyen, Tuan Hiep Tran, Raj Kumar Thapa, Tung Thanh Pham, Jee-Heon Jeong, Yu Seok Youn, Han-Gon Choi, Chul Soon Yong, Jong Oh Kim
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we combined chemo- and hyperthermia therapy in a low temperature-sensitive liposome (LTSL) for potential cancer treatment. METHODS: Docetaxel (DOC) and indocyanine green (ICG) as a therapeutic agent and photosensitizer, respectively, were incorporated in a low temperature-sensitive liposome (LTSL/DI). Nanoparticles were evaluated for the physicochemical characterizations, in vitro uptake and cytotoxicity, and furthermore in vivo anticancer activity...
November 28, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890596/monoacyl-phosphatidylcholine-inhibits-the-formation-of-lipid-multilamellar-structures-during-in-vitro-lipolysis-of-self-emulsifying-drug-delivery-systems
#4
Thuy Tran, Scheyla D V S Siqueira, Heinz Amenitsch, Thomas Rades, Anette Müllertz
The colloidal structures formed during lipolysis of self-emulsifying drug delivery systems (SEDDS) might affect the solubilisation and possibly the absorption of drugs. The aim of the current study is to elucidate the structures formed during the in vitro lipolysis of four SEDDS containing medium-chain glycerides and caprylocaproyl polyoxyl-8 glycerides (Labrasol), with or without monoacyl phosphatidylcholine (MAPC). In situ synchrotron small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) was combined with ex situ cryogenic transmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS) to elucidate the generated structures...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889161/mrsa-and-multidrug-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-u-s-retail-meats-2010-2011
#5
Beilei Ge, Sampa Mukherjee, Chih-Hao Hsu, Johnnie A Davis, Thu Thuy T Tran, Qianru Yang, Jason W Abbott, Sherry L Ayers, Shenia R Young, Emily T Crarey, Niketta A Womack, Shaohua Zhao, Patrick F McDermott
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been detected in retail meats, although large-scale studies are scarce. We conducted a one-year survey in 2010-2011 within the framework of the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System. Among 3520 retail meats collected from eight U.S. states, 982 (27.9%) contained S. aureus and 66 (1.9%) were positive for MRSA. Approximately 10.4% (107/1032) of S. aureus isolates, including 37.2% (29/78) of MRSA, were multidrug-resistant (MDRSA). Turkey had the highest MRSA prevalence (3...
April 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872070/estimation-of-the-in-vivo-minimum-inhibitory-concentration-of-cipargamin-in-uncomplicated-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria
#6
Hien Tinh Tran, Nicholas J White, Thuy-Nhien Thanh Nguyen, Hoa Thi Nhu, Thuan Duc Phung, Joel Tarning, François Nosten, Baldur Magnusson, Jay Prakash Jain, Kamal Hamed
The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of an antimalarial drug for a particular infection is the drug level associated with a net parasite multiplication rate of one per asexual cycle. To ensure cure of malaria the MIC must be exceeded until all parasites have been eliminated. The development of highly sensitive and accurate polymerase chain reaction quantitation of low-density malaria parasitemia enables prospective pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) characterization of antimalarial drug effects, and now allows identification of the in-vivo MIC...
November 21, 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846990/characterization-of-conformers-and-dimers-of-antithrombin-by-capillary-electrophoresis-quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#7
Anne-Lise Marie, Elena Dominguez-Vega, François Saller, Jean-Luc Plantier, Rémi Urbain, Delphine Borgel, N Thuy Tran, Govert W Somsen, Myriam Taverna
Antithrombin (AT) is a plasma glycoprotein which possesses anticoagulant and anti-inflammatory properties. AT exhibits various forms, among which are native, latent and heterodimeric ones. We studied the potential of capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry (CE-MS) using a sheath liquid interface, electrospray ionization (ESI), and a quadrupole-time-of-flight (Q-TOF) mass spectrometer to separate and quantify the different AT forms. For CE separation, a neutral polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) coated capillary was employed...
December 1, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832744/infection-control-and-tuberculosis-among-health-care-workers-in-viet-nam-2009-2013-a-cross-sectional-survey
#8
Edine W Tiemersma, Nguyen Thien Huong, Pham Hoang Yen, Bui Thi Tinh, Tran Thi Bich Thuy, Nguyen Van Hung, Nguyen Thanh Mai, Suzanne Verver, Agnes Gebhard, Nguyen Viet Nhung
BACKGROUND: Data on tuberculosis (TB) among health care workers (HCW) and TB infection control (TBIC) indicators are rarely available at national level. We assessed multi-year trends in notification data of TB among HCW and explored possible associations with TBIC indicators. METHODS: Notified TB incidence among HCW and 3 other TBIC indicators were collected annually from all 64 provincial and 3 national TB facilities in Vietnam. Time trends in TB notification between 2009 and 2013 were assessed using linear regression analysis...
November 10, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821690/tetanus-in-southern-vietnam-current-situation
#9
Duong Bich Thuy, James I Campbell, Thanh Tran Tan, Cao Thu Thuy, Huynh Thi Loan, Nguyen Van Hao, Yen Lam Minh, Le Van Tan, Maciej F Boni, C Louise Thwaites
In Vietnam, there are no accurate data on tetanus incidence to allow assessment of disease burden or vaccination program efficacy. We analyzed age structure of 786 tetanus cases admitted to a tertiary referral center in Vietnam for three separate years during an 18-year period to examine the impact of tetanus prevention programs, namely the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) and the Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus (MNT) initiative. Most cases were born before the initiation of EPI. Median age increased from 33 (interquartile range: 20-52) in 1994, to 46 (32-63) in 2012 (P < 0...
November 7, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812827/a-novel-pathology-based-preoperative-risk-score-to-predict-locoregional-residual-and-distant-disease-and-survival-for-incidental-gallbladder-cancer-a-10-institution-study-from-the-u-s-extrahepatic-biliary-malignancy-consortium
#10
Cecilia G Ethun, Lauren M Postlewait, Nina Le, Timothy M Pawlik, Stefan Buettner, George Poultsides, Thuy Tran, Kamran Idrees, Chelsea A Isom, Ryan C Fields, Linda X Jin, Sharon M Weber, Ahmed Salem, Robert C G Martin, Charles Scoggins, Perry Shen, Harveshp D Mogal, Carl Schmidt, Eliza Beal, Ioannis Hatzaras, Rivfka Shenoy, Nipun Merchant, Kenneth Cardona, Shishir K Maithel
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to develop a more robust predictive model, beyond T-stage alone, for incidental gallbladder cancer (IGBC) for discovering locoregional residual (LRD) and distant disease (DD) at reoperation, and estimating overall survival (OS). T-stage alone is currently used to guide treatment for incidental gallbladder cancer. Residual disease at re-resection is the most important factor in predicting outcomes. METHODS: All patients with IGBC who underwent reoperation at 10 institutions from 2000 to 2015 were included...
November 3, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803468/solution-equilibrium-study-of-divalent-metal-ions-with-phenylpropanoid-derivatives-and-acetylcysteine-ligands
#11
Thuy Thi Dieu Nguyen, Shella Permatasari Santoso, Thuyen Thi Bich Nguyen, Artik Elisa Angkawijaya, Phuong Lan Tran-Nguyen, Yi Hsu Ju
Solution equilibrium of divalent metal ions (M=Mn(2+), Co(2+), Ni(2+), Cu(2+) and Zn(2+)) with caffeic acid (ligand C) or dihydrocaffeic acid (ligand D) in binary system, and with acetylcysteine (ligand N) in ternary system were investigated at condition similar to human physiological temperature of 310.15 K and ionic strength of 0.15 mol·dm(-3) NaCl. Potentiometry technique was used for the determination of formation constant (log β) assisted by spectrophotometry technique. The results indicated the formation of [ML], [MLH], [ML2], [ML2H] in binary species and [MLN], [MNLH], [MNLH2] in ternary species, where L represents ligands C or D...
2016: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795336/informing-antibiotic-treatment-decisions-evaluating-rapid-molecular-diagnostics-rmds-to-identify-susceptibility-and-resistance-to-carbapenems-against-acinetobacter-spp-primers-iii
#12
Scott R Evans, Andrea M Hujer, Hongyu Jiang, Carol B Hill, Kristine M Hujer, Jose R Mediavilla, Claudia Manca, Thuy Tien T Tran, T Nicholas Domitrovic, Paul G Higgins, Harald Seifert, Barry N Kreiswirth, Robin Patel, Michael R Jacobs, Liang Chen, Rangarajan Sampath, Thomas Hall, Christine Marzan, Vance G Fowler, Henry F Chambers, Robert A Bonomo
The widespread dissemination of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter spp. has created significant therapeutic challenges. At present, rapid molecular diagnostics (RMDs) that can identify this phenotype are not commercially available. Two RMD platforms, polymerase chain reaction combined with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (PCR/ESI-MS) and molecular beacons (MB), for detecting genes conferring resistance/susceptibility to carbapenems in Acinetobacter spp. were evaluated. An archived collection of 200 clinical Acinetobacter spp...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786339/antithrombin-is-not-protective-against-renal-ischaemia-reperfusion-injury
#13
Yasmine Bourti, François Saller, Elsa P Bianchini, Stéphane Pautus, Jean-Paul Duong van Huyen, Anne-Lise Marie, N Thuy Tran, Thierry Jo Molina, Myriam Taverna, Nicolas Lerolle, Delphine Borgel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2016: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784058/association-of-optimal-time-interval-to-re-resection-for-incidental-gallbladder-cancer-with-overall-survival-a-multi-institution-analysis-from-the-us-extrahepatic-biliary-malignancy-consortium
#14
Cecilia G Ethun, Lauren M Postlewait, Nina Le, Timothy M Pawlik, Stefan Buettner, George Poultsides, Thuy Tran, Kamran Idrees, Chelsea A Isom, Ryan C Fields, Linda X Jin, Sharon M Weber, Ahmed Salem, Robert C G Martin, Charles Scoggins, Perry Shen, Harveshp D Mogal, Carl Schmidt, Eliza Beal, Ioannis Hatzaras, Rivfka Shenoy, David A Kooby, Shishir K Maithel
Importance: The current recommendation is to perform re-resection for select patients with incidentally discovered gallbladder cancer. The optimal time interval for re-resection for both patient selection and long-term survival is not known. Objective: To assess the association of time interval from the initial cholecystectomy to reoperation with overall survival. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study was conducted from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2014 at 10 US academic institutions...
October 26, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770290/minimally-invasive-resection-of-adrenocortical-carcinoma-a-multi-institutional-study-of-201-patients
#15
Christina W Lee, Ahmed I Salem Md, David F Schneider, Glen E Leverson, Thuy B Tran, George A Poultsides, Lauren M Postlewait, Shishir K Maithel, Tracy S Wang, Ioannis Hatzaras, Rivfka Shenoy, John E Phay, Lawrence Shirley, Ryan C Fields, Linda X Jin, Timothy M Pawlik, Jason D Prescott, Jason K Sicklick, Shady Gad, Adam C Yopp, John C Mansour, Quan-Yang Duh, Natalie Seiser, Carmen C Solorzano, Colleen M Kiernan, Konstantinos I Votanopoulos, Edward A Levine, Sharon M Weber
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Minimally invasive surgery for adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is controversial. We sought to evaluate the perioperative and long-term outcomes following minimally invasive (MIS) and open resection (OA) of ACC in patients treated with curative intent surgery. METHODS: Retrospective data from patients who underwent adrenalectomy for primary ACC at 13 tertiary care cancer centers were analyzed, including demographics, clinicopathological, and operative outcomes...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722778/comparative-microbiota-assessment-of-wilted-italian-ryegrass-whole-crop-corn-and-wilted-alfalfa-silage-using-denaturing-gradient-gel-electrophoresis-and-next-generation-sequencing
#16
Kuikui Ni, Tang Thuy Minh, Tran Thi Minh Tu, Takeshi Tsuruta, Huili Pang, Naoki Nishino
The microbiota of pre-ensiled crop and silage were examined using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and next-generation sequencing (NGS). Wilted Italian ryegrass (IR), whole crop corn (WC), and wilted alfalfa (AL) silages stored for 2 months were examined. All silages contained lactic acid as a predominant fermentation product. Across the three crop species, DGGE detected 36 and 28 bands, and NGS identified 253 and 259 genera in the pre-ensiled crops and silages, respectively. The NGS demonstrated that, although lactic acid bacteria (LAB) became prevalent in all silages after 2 months of storage, the major groups were different between crops: Leuconostoc spp...
October 10, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702942/trans-ethnic-meta-analysis-of-genome-wide-association-studies-for-hirschsprung-disease
#17
Clara Sze-Man Tang, Hongsheng Gui, Ashish Kapoor, Jeong-Hyun Kim, Berta Luzón-Toro, Anna Pelet, Grzegorz Burzynski, Francesca Lantieri, Man-Ting So, Courtney Berrios, Hyoung Doo Shin, Raquel M Fernández, Thuy-Linh Le, Joke B G M Verheij, Ivana Matera, Stacey S Cherny, Priyanka Nandakumar, Hyun Sub Cheong, Guillermo Antiñolo, Jeanne Amiel, Jeong-Meen Seo, Dae-Yeon Kim, Jung-Tak Oh, Stanislas Lyonnet, Salud Borrego, Isabella Ceccherini, Robert M W Hofstra, Aravinda Chakravarti, Hyun-Young Kim, Pak Chung Sham, Paul K H Tam, Maria-Mercè Garcia-Barceló
Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) is the most common cause of neonatal intestinal obstruction. It is characterized by the absence of ganglia in the nerve plexuses of the lower gastrointestinal tract. So far, three common disease-susceptibility variants at the RET, SEMA3 and NRG1 loci have been detected through genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in Europeans and Asians to understand its genetic etiologies. Here we present a trans-ethnic meta-analysis of 507 HSCR cases and 1191 controls, combining all published GWAS results on HSCR to fine-map these loci and narrow down the putatively causal variants to 99% credible sets...
October 3, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683667/v3nlp-framework-tools-to-build-applications-for-extracting-concepts-from-clinical-text
#18
Guy Divita, Marjorie E Carter, Le-Thuy Tran, Doug Redd, Qing T Zeng, Scott Duvall, Matthew H Samore, Adi V Gundlapalli
INTRODUCTION: Substantial amounts of clinically significant information are contained only within the narrative of the clinical notes in electronic medical records. The v3NLP Framework is a set of "best-of-breed" functionalities developed to transform this information into structured data for use in quality improvement, research, population health surveillance, and decision support. BACKGROUND: MetaMap, cTAKES and similar well-known natural language processing (NLP) tools do not have sufficient scalability out of the box...
2016: EGEMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683047/elevated-nlr-in-gallbladder-cancer-and-cholangiocarcinoma-making-bad-cancers-even-worse-results-from-the-us-extrahepatic-biliary-malignancy-consortium
#19
Eliza W Beal, Lai Wei, Cecilia G Ethun, Sylvester M Black, Mary Dillhoff, Ahmed Salem, Sharon M Weber, Thuy Tran, George Poultsides, Andre Y Son, Ioannis Hatzaras, Linda Jin, Ryan C Fields, Stefan Buettner, Timothy M Pawlik, Charles Scoggins, Robert C G Martin, Chelsea A Isom, Kamron Idrees, Harveshp D Mogal, Perry Shen, Shishir K Maithel, Carl R Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder and extrahepatic biliary malignancies are aggressive tumors with high risk of recurrence and death. We hypothesize that elevated preoperative Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratios (NLR) are associated with poor prognosis among patients undergoing resection of gallbladder or extrahepatic biliary cancers. METHODS: Patients who underwent complete surgical resection between 2000-2014 were identified from 10 academic centers (n=525). Overall (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were analyzed by stratifying patients with normal (<5) versus elevated (>5) NLR...
September 24, 2016: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661466/changes-in-plasma-levels-of-oxidized-lipoproteins-and-lipoprotein-subfractions-with-atazanavir-raltegravir-darunavir-based-initial-antiviral-therapy-and-associations-with-common-carotid-artery-intima-media-thickness-actg-5260s
#20
Theodoros Kelesidis, Thuy Tien T Tran, Todd T Brown, Carlee Moser, Heather J Ribaudo, Michael P Dube, Otto O Yang, Grace A McComsey, James H Stein, Judith S Currier
BACKGROUND: The role of oxidized lipoproteins (high-density [HDLox] and low-density [LDLox]) and total lipoprotein particle (Lp) number and size in HIV-related cardiovascular disease (CVD) is unclear. The goal of this study was to evaluate changes of these biomarkers and their associations with rate of carotid intima media thickness progression over 3 years (ΔCIMT) in chronic HIV infection. METHODS: Prospective study of 234 HIV-infected antiretroviral treatment naïve participants without CVD who were randomized to receive tenofovir-emtricitabine plus atazanavir/ritonavir, darunavir/ ritonavir, or raltegravir (RAL) and achieved plasma HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/ml by week 24 and thereafter...
September 23, 2016: Antiviral Therapy
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