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Epidermial growth factor receptor

Giulia M Ravaioli, Emi Dika, Martina Lambertini, Marco A Chessa, Pier A Fanti, Annalisa Patrizi
Acral lentiginous melanoma (ALM) is the most common type of malignant melanoma (MM) in Asians, Afro-Americans and Middle-Easterns. It represents 1.5-10% of all MM cases, being the most common histological type of MM arising on palms, soles and nail apparatus, which is more generically defined as acral MM. To date no risk factors have been officially established, however a history of trauma may be involved in the pathogenesis of acral MM. This shows heterogeneous clinical features and frequently presents with advanced stage and aggressive behaviour, often as a result of misdiagnosis or delayed identification...
March 6, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
Antoine L Carre, Michael S Hu, Aaron W James, Kenichiro Kawai, Michael G Galvez, Michael T Longaker, H Peter Lorenz
BACKGROUND: Acute wound healing is a dynamic process that results in the formation of scar tissue. The mechanisms of this process are not well understood; numerous signaling pathways are thought to play a major role. Here, the authors have identified β-catenin-dependent Wnt signaling as an early acute-phase reactant in acute wound healing and scar formation. METHODS: The authors created 6-mm full-thickness excisional cutaneous wounds on adult β-catenin-dependent Wnt signal (BAT-gal) reporter mice...
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Noeline Subramaniam, James J Petrik, Matthew K Vickaryous
The skin is a bilayered organ that serves as a key barrier between an organism and its environment. In addition to protecting against microbial invasion, physical trauma and environmental damage, skin participates in maintaining homeostasis. Skin is also capable of spontaneous self-repair following injury. These functions are mediated by numerous pleiotrophic growth factors, including members of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), fibroblast growth factor (FGF), and transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) families...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Anatomy
Christine Hoesl, Jennifer M Röhrl, Marlon R Schneider, Maik Dahlhoff
BACKGROUND: The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and associated receptors ERBB2 and ERBB3 are important for skin development and homeostasis. To date, ERBB4 could not be unambiguously identified in the epidermis. The aim of this study was to analyze the ERBB-receptor family with a special focus on ERBB4 in vitro in human keratinocytes and in vivo in human and murine epidermis. METHODS: We compared the transcript levels of all ERBB-receptors and the seven EGFR-ligands in HaCaT and A431 cells...
January 30, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Patricia Rousselle, Marine Montmasson, Cécile Garnier
The ability of skin to act as a barrier is primarily determined by cells that maintain the continuity and integrity of skin and restore it after injury. Cutaneous wound healing in adult mammals is a complex multi-step process that involves overlapping stages of blood clot formation, inflammation, re-epithelialization, granulation tissue formation, neovascularization, and remodeling. Under favorable conditions, epidermal regeneration begins within hours after injury and takes several days until the epithelial surface is intact due to reorganization of the basement membrane...
January 9, 2018: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
Andrzej Lange, Emilia Jaskula, Janusz Lange, Grzegorz Dworacki, Dorota Nowak, Aleksandra Simiczyjew, Monika Mordak-Domagala, Mariola Sedzimirska
We studied three FLT3 ITD acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients who relapsed after allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) and received multikinase inhibitor (MKI) sorafenib as part of salvage therapy. MKI was given to block the effect of FLT3 ITD mutation which powers proliferation of blast cells. However, the known facts that sorafenib is more effective in patents post alloHSCT suggested that this MKI can augment the immune system surveillance on leukaemia. In the present study, we investigated in depth the effect of sorafenib on the alloreactivity seen post-transplant including that on leukaemia...
2018: PloS One
Jamie M Ahrens, James D Jones, Nirca J Nieves, Ann M Mitzey, Hector F DeLuca, Margaret Clagett-Dame
While all 2-methylene-19-nor analogs of 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1α,25(OH)2D3) tested produce an increase in epidermal thickness in the rhino mouse, only a subset reduce utricle size (comedolysis). All-trans retinoic acid (atRA) also causes epidermal thickening and a reduction in utricle size in the rhino mouse. We now report that 2-methylene-19-nor-(20S)-1α-hydroxybishomopregnacalciferol (2MbisP), a comedolytic analog, increases epidermal thickening more rapidly than does atRA, while both reduce utricle area at an equal rate...
2017: PloS One
Janine G Einspahr, Clara Curiel-Lewandrowski, Valerie S Calvert, Steven P Stratton, David S Alberts, James Warneke, Chengcheng Hu, Kathylynn Saboda, Elisabeth L Wagener, Sally Dickinson, Zigang Dong, Ann M Bode, Emanuel F PetricoinIII
Ultraviolet radiation is an important etiologic factor in skin cancer and a better understanding of how solar stimulated light (SSL) affects signal transduction pathways in human skin which is needed in further understanding activated networks that could be targeted for skin cancer prevention. We utilized Reverse Phase Protein Microarray Analysis (RPPA), a powerful technology that allows for broad-scale and quantitative measurement of the activation/phosphorylation state of hundreds of key signaling proteins and protein pathways in sun-protected skin after an acute dose of two minimal erythema dose (MED) of SSL...
2017: NPJ Precision Oncology
Gustavo M Calderón-Fernández, Débora E Moriconi, Andrea B Dulbecco, M Patricia Juárez
The insect integument, formed by the cuticle and the underlying epidermis, is essential for insect fitness, regulation of lipid biosynthesis and storage, insect growth and feeding, together with development progress. Its participation in insecticide resistance has also been outlined. Triatoma infestans Klug (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) is one of the major vectors of Chagas disease in South America; however, genomic data are scarce. In this study, we performed a transcriptome analysis of the nymph integument in order to identify which genes are expressed and their putative role...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
Borja Ocón, Junliang Pan, Theresa Thu Dinh, Wenjing Chen, Romain Ballet, Michael Bscheider, Aida Habtezion, Hua Tu, Brian A Zabel, Eugene C Butcher
Chemoattractants control lymphocyte recruitment from the blood, contributing to the systemic organization of the immune system. The G protein-linked receptor GPR15 mediates lymphocyte homing to the large intestines and skin. Here we show that the 9 kDa CC-motif containing cationic polypeptide AP57/colon-derived sushi containing domain-2 binding factor (CSBF), encoded by C10orf99 in the human and 2610528A11Rik in the mouse, functions as a chemokine ligand for GPR15 (GPR15L). GPR15L binds GPR15 and attracts GPR15-expressing T cells including lymphocytes in colon-draining lymph nodes and Vγ3(+) thymic precursors of dermal epithelial T cells...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Marcel Oliver Schmidt, Khalid Ammar Garman, Yong Gu Lee, Chong Zuo, Patrick James Beck, Mingjun Tan, Juan Antonio Aguilar-Pimentel, Markus Ollert, Carsten Schmidt-Weber, Helmut Fuchs, Valerie Gailus-Durner, Martin Hrabe de Angelis, Elena Tassi, Anna Tate Riegel, Anton Wellstein
Fibroblast growth factor-binding protein 1 (FGFBP1) is a secreted chaperone that mobilizes paracrine-acting FGFs, stored in the extracellular matrix, and presents them to their cognate receptors. FGFBP1 enhances FGF signaling including angiogenesis during cancer progression and is upregulated in various cancers. Here we evaluated the contribution of endogenous FGFBP1 to a wide range of organ functions as well as to skin pathologies using Fgfbp1-knockout mice. Relative to wild-type littermates, knockout mice showed no gross pathologies...
January 2018: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
V A Smolyannikova, A K Alexandrova
AIM: to study the expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in patients with seborrheic keratomas (SK) and insulin resistance (type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2)) and in those without concomitant carbohydrate metabolic disturbances. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 80 patients with SK were examined. According to the presence or absence of DM2, the patients were divided into 2 groups: 1) 40 patients with concomitant DM2; 2) 40 people without carbohydrate metabolic disturbances...
2017: Arkhiv Patologii
Qian Zhang, Yang Wang, Jiulong Liang, Yaguang Tian, Yu Zhang, Kai Tao
Melanoma, which is usually induced by ultraviolet light exposure and the following DNA damage, is the most dangerous skin cancer. The purpose of the present study was to screen key molecules involved in melanoma.Microarray data of E-MTAB-1862 were downloaded from the ArrayExpress database, which included 21 primary melanoma samples and 11 benign nevus samples. In addition, the RNASeq version 2 and microRNA (miRNA) sequencing data of cutaneous melanoma were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas database. After identifying the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) using Limma package, enrichment analysis and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis were performed separately for them using DAVID software and Cytoscape software...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Tatyana Kushnir, Sharon Mezuman, Shaked Bar-Cohen, Rotem Lange, Ze'ev Paroush, Aharon Helman
Dorsal closure (DC) is a developmental process in which two contralateral epithelial sheets migrate to seal a large hole in the dorsal ectoderm of the Drosophila embryo. Two signaling pathways act sequentially to orchestrate this dynamic morphogenetic process. First, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling activity in the dorsal-most leading edge (LE) cells of the epidermis induces expression of decapentaplegic (dpp). Second, Dpp, a secreted TGF-β homolog, triggers cell shape changes in the adjacent, ventrally located lateral epidermis, that guide the morphogenetic movements and cell migration mandatory for DC...
June 2017: PLoS Genetics
Chang-Ru Tsai, Aimee E Anderson, Sirisha Burra, Juyeon Jo, Michael J Galko
Yorkie (Yki), the transcriptional co-activator of the Hippo signaling pathway, has well-characterized roles in balancing apoptosis and cell division during organ growth control. Yki is also required in diverse tissue regenerative contexts. In most cases this requirement reflects its well-characterized roles in balancing apoptosis and cell division. Whether Yki has repair functions outside of the control of cell proliferation, death, and growth is not clear. Here we show that Yki and Scalloped (Sd) are required for epidermal wound closure in the Drosophila larval epidermis...
July 1, 2017: Developmental Biology
Christopher M Allan, Deanna Tran, Yiping Tu, Patrick J Heizer, Lorraine C Young, Loren G Fong, Anne P Beigneux, Stephen G Young
Mutations in SLURP1, a secreted protein of keratinocytes, cause a palmoplantar keratoderma (PPK) known as mal de Meleda. Slurp1 deficiency in mice faithfully recapitulates the human disease, with increased keratinocyte proliferation and thickening of the epidermis on the volar surface of the paws. There has long been speculation that SLURP1 serves as a ligand for a receptor that regulates keratinocyte growth and differentiation. We were intrigued that mutations leading to increased signalling through the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) cause PPK...
November 2017: Experimental Dermatology
C Borelli, B Becker, S Thude, B Fehrenbacher, D Isermann
BACKGROUND: Over the counter cosmetics sold for local treatment of slight to moderate rosacea often state the claim of actively modulating rosacea pathogenesis. Factors involved in the pathogenesis of this common yet complex skin disorder include kallikrein-related peptidase 5 (KLK5), LL-37, as well as protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). OBJECTIVE: The objective was to prove the modulating effect of the cosmetic skin care agent Dermasence Refining Gel (DRG) on factors involved in rosacea pathogenesis...
December 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Mathieu Castela, Fabien Linay, Edwige Roy, Philippe Moguelet, Jie Xu, Martin Holzenberger, Kiarash Khosrotehrani, Selim Aractingi
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (Igf1) is important for skin development and homoeostasis. However, overexpression and inactivation studies have produced variable findings regarding its role in hair follicle (HF) biology. Here, we studied a conditional and inducible knockout of the Igf1 receptor (Igf1r) in keratin 15-expressing bulge cells. Deletion of Igf1r after the development of the skin appendages in K15-Igf1r(KO) mice showed no abnormalities in epidermal homoeostasis. Numbers of bulge cells were lower in K15-Igf1r(KO) mice than in controls, without consequences on wound healing, at least in young mice...
January 17, 2017: Experimental Dermatology
Carmen Leida, Antonio Dal Rì, Lorenza Dalla Costa, Maria D Gómez, Valerio Pompili, Paolo Sonego, Kristof Engelen, Domenico Masuero, Gabino Ríos, Claudio Moser
During grape ripening, numerous transcriptional and metabolic changes are required in order to obtain colored, sweet, and flavored berries. There is evidence that ethylene, together with other signals, plays an important role in triggering the onset of ripening. Here, we report the functional characterization of a berry-specific Ethylene Responsive Factor (ERF), VviERF045, which is induced just before véraison and peaks at ripening. Phylogenetic analysis revealed it is close to the SHINE clade of ERFs, factors involved in the regulation of wax biosynthesis and cuticle morphology...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Meilang Xue, Haiyan Lin, Ruilong Zhao, Hai Po Helena Liang, Christopher Jackson
BACKGROUND: Dark skin has different properties in comparison to fair skin. Melanocytes have been shown to partly contribute to these differences, however, the involvement of keratinocytes from dark or fair skin is not well demonstrated. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the proliferation and barrier function of dark keratinocytes (DK) and fair keratinocytes (FK), and the role of protease activated receptor (PAR)1 and PAR2. METHODS: DK and FK were isolated from human neonatal foreskins...
March 2017: Journal of Dermatological Science
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