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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430081/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-criminal-behavior-among-illicit-drug-users-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Rafael Alves Guimarães, Natália Silva Mesquita, Renata Silva Lopes, Roselma Lucchese, Rodrigo Lopes de Felipe, Ivânia Vera, Inaina Lara Fernandes, Paulo Alexandre de Castro, Luiz Henrique Batista Monteiro, Graciele Cristina Silva
BACKGROUND: Studies indicate high rates of criminal behavior, violent activities, and legal problems among illicit drug users (IDU) in Brazil. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and factors associated with criminal behavior among IDU undergoing treatment for chemical dependency in Central Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional study carried out with IDU undergoing treatment for chemical dependence. Data were collected by means of face-to-face interviews and analyzed using logistic regression...
April 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415042/determinants-of-increasing-serum-pops-in-a-population-at-high-risk-for-cardiovascular-disease-results-from-the-predimed-canarias-study
#2
Luis A Henríquez-Hernández, Octavio P Luzardo, Manuel Zumbado, Lluis Serra-Majem, Pilar F Valerón, María Camacho, Jacqueline Álvarez-Pérez, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Luis D Boada
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are well-known ubiquitous environmental chemicals which have been related to adverse health outcomes, including cardiovascular disease (CVD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate POPs burden, and its determinants, in a population at high risk of suffering CVD enrolled in the PREDIMED Study (Spanish acronym for PREvention by means of MEDiterranean Diet). This cohort was formed by 343 participants (55-80 y.o.), which were selected for a preventive nutritional intervention for CVD based on the Mediterranean Diet...
April 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400829/a-case-control-study-of-bisphenol-a-and-endometrioma-among-subgroup-of-iranian-women
#3
Batool Hossein Rashidi, Massoud Amanlou, Tahere Behrouzi Lak, Mahya Ghazizadeh, Bita Eslami
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a multifactorial hormonally related complex disease with unknown etiology. Epidemiologic data were suggested the possible effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals such as bisphenol A (BPA) on endometriosis. BPA is similar to endogenous estrogen and has the ability to interact with estrogen receptors and stimulate estrogen production. Our aim was to evaluate the relationship between urinary BPA concentrations in women with endometrioma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study consisted of fifty women who have been referred to gynecology and infertility center with endometrioma and were candidates for operative laparoscopy and ovarian cystectomy as cases...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397917/charles-j-pedersen-s-legacy-to-chemistry
#4
Reed M Izatt
The serendipitous discovery in 1961 of dibenzo-18-crown-6 by Charles J. Pedersen marked the beginning of research on cyclic polyether macrocyclic compounds. These compounds have a remarkably selective affinity for certain metal ions and provide a framework for studying molecular recognition processes. Pedersen's work excited much interest in the scientific community and fueled important advances in macrocyclic and supramolecular chemistry. Born in Korea of a Japanese mother and a Norwegian engineer father, he was educated in Japan and later graduated from the University of Dayton (BS, chemical engineering) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MS, chemistry)...
April 11, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390650/garlic-burn-of-the-oral-mucosa-a-case-report-and-review-of-self-treatment-chemical-burns
#5
Richard J Vargo, Blake M Warner, Anitha Potluri, Joanne L Prasad
BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW: Inappropriate self-treatment with topically applied therapeutic or nontherapeutic agents frequently results in mucosal burns. Although such chemical burns typically are associated with misuse of analgesics, investigators also have reported them in conjunction with topical application of a variety of other agents. CASE DESCRIPTION: The authors report an unusual case of a 49-year-old man seeking care for maxillary tooth pain who had an oral mucosal burn of the maxillary vestibule caused by topical application of crushed raw garlic...
April 5, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384582/dioxins-furans-and-pcbs-in-canadian-human-milk-2008-2011
#6
Dorothea F K Rawn, Amy R Sadler, Valerie A Casey, François Breton, Wing-Fung Sun, Tye E Arbuckle, William D Fraser
Human milk was collected between 2008 and 2011 as part of the Maternal - Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals (MIREC) study that was initiated to establish Canadian national estimates of maternal and infant exposure to a broad suite of environmental contaminants (e.g., persistent organic pollutants [POPs], trace elements, phthalates, etc.). Among the 1017 human milk samples collected, 298 were analysed for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)...
April 3, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381723/regulatory-science-in-professional-education
#7
Hiroshi Akiyama
 In the field of pharmaceutical sciences, the subject of regulatory science (RS) includes pharmaceuticals, food, and living environments. For pharmaceuticals, considering the balance between efficacy and safety is a point required for public acceptance, and in that balance, more importance is given to efficacy in curing disease. For food, however, safety is the most important consideration for public acceptance because food should be essentially free of risk. To ensure food safety, first, any hazard that is an agent in food or condition of food with the potential to cause adverse health effects should be identified and characterized...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353654/the-molecule-of-the-month-website-an-extraordinary-chemistry-educational-resource-online-for-over-20-years
#8
Paul W May, Simon A Cotton, Karl Harrison, Henry S Rzepa
The Molecule of the Month website (http://www.chm.bris.ac.uk/motm/motm.htm) is an educational resource that is celebrating its 20th anniversary. Here we reflect on its pioneering role in promoting new technology for visualizing and presenting chemical information on the web, as well as its achievements, as a free educational resource, both as a teaching aid and as a multi-user, multi-author learning platform. We discuss the legal aspects of such sites, as well as issues around how to make the content permanent...
March 29, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332885/fragrances-and-work-related-asthma-california-surveillance-data-1993-2012
#9
Justine Lew Weinberg, Jennifer Flattery, Robert Harrison
OBJECTIVE: Fragrance chemicals are used in a large array of products. Workers may be exposed to these chemicals in the workplace directly when used as air fresheners, or indirectly in personal care products used by coworkers or others. This study characterizes work-related asthma (WRA) cases associated with fragrance exposures in California workplaces from 1993 through 2012. METHODS: We used the California Work-Related Asthma Prevention Program's surveillance database to identify individuals with physician-diagnosed WRA associated with the use of air fresheners and scented personal care products (perfumes, colognes, etc...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330646/is-it-time-for-a-change-in-the-approach-to-chemical-burns-the-role-of-diphoterine-%C3%A2-in-the-management-of-cutaneous-and-ocular-chemical-injuries
#10
REVIEW
C J Lewis, A Al-Mousawi, A Jha, K P Allison
A multitude of household and occupational compounds have the potential to induce chemical burns to the eye and skin. Without prompt intervention, irreversible visual loss and disfigurement may prevail. Diphoterine(®) and Hexafluorine(®) are amphoteric and hypertonic chelating solutions used in the management of general chemical and hydrofluoric acid burns, respectively. They rapidly neutralise both acid and alkali agents without heat release and limit diffusion, making them superior to water irrigation alone...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328071/investigation-of-c3-s-hydration-mechanism-by-transmission-electron-microscope-tem-with-integrated-super-x-tm-eds-system
#11
Y Sakalli, R Trettin
Tricalciumsilicate (C3 S, Alite) is the major component of the Portland cement clinker. Hydration of Alite is decisive in influencing the properties of the resulting material. This is due to its high content in cement. The mechanism of the hydration of C3 S is very complicated and not yet fully understood. There are different models describing the hydration of C3 S in various ways. In this work for a better understanding of hydration mechanism, the hydrated C3 S was investigated by using the transmission electron microscope (TEM) and for the first time, the samples for the investigations were prepared by using of focused ion beam from sintered pellets of C3 S...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319530/oral-chemical-burns-reported-to-the-poisons-information-centre-in-erfurt-germany-from-1997-to-2014
#12
Juliane Nehrlich, Hans-Peter Klöcking, Helmut Hentschel, Amelie Lupp
Devastating oral burns often followed by lifelong complications can result from ingestion of caustic substances. However, although being one of the most challenging situations in clinical practice, literature data on the epidemiology of oral burns are still scarce. Retrospective analysis of all cases of oral burns after ingestion of corrosive substances reported to the Poisons Information Centre in Erfurt, Germany, from 1997 to 2014 was performed. In total, 482 calls because of oral burns were registered, with no change in the numbers of cases during the years...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315491/vibrating-mesh-nebulizer-maintenance-by-cf-patients-results-from-a-french-survey
#13
Melisande Baravalle-Einaudi, Nadine Dufeu, Christian Dupont, Laurent Vecellio, Bertrand Delaisi, Ania Carsin, Jean-Christophe Dubus
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Vibrating-mesh nebulizers are widely used at home for cystic fibrosis (CF) treatment, with a therapeutic efficiency closely linked to the mesh performance. This national study looks at the maintenance at home by CF patients and their families of the mesh of the eFlow(®)rapid nebulizer. Ninety-two patients from 34 French CF centers, treated at home with inhaled drugs delivered with a vibrating-mesh nebulizer, answered to a phone standardized questionnaire specifying the different techniques of maintenance of the nebulizer...
March 14, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314746/protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-stepped-wedge-trial-assessing-the-impact-of-a-community-level-hygiene-intervention-and-a-water-intervention-using-riverbank-filtration-technology-on-diarrhoeal-prevalence-in-india
#14
Sarah L McGuinness, Joanne E O'Toole, Thomas B Boving, Andrew B Forbes, Martha Sinclair, Sumit K Gautam, Karin Leder
INTRODUCTION: Diarrhoea is a leading cause of death globally, mostly occurring as a result of insufficient or unsafe water supplies, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene. Our study aims to investigate the impact of a community-level hygiene education program and a water quality intervention using riverbank filtration (RBF) technology on diarrhoeal prevalence. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We have designed a stepped wedge cluster randomised trial to estimate the health impacts of our intervention in 4 rural villages in Karnataka, India...
March 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284650/energy-and-mass-balances-related-to-climate-change-and-remediation
#15
REVIEW
Angela D Lueking, Milton W Cole
The goal of this paper is to provide a forum for a broad interdisciplinary group of scientists and engineers to see how concepts of climate change, energy, and carbon remediation strategies are related to quite basic scientific principles. A secondary goal is to show relationships between general concepts in traditional science and engineering fields and to show how they are relevant to broader environmental concepts. This paper revisits Fourier's early mathematical derivation of the average temperature of the Earth from first principles, i...
March 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280299/a-practical-guide-about-biosimilar-data-for-health-care-providers-treating-inflammatory-diseases
#16
REVIEW
Joseph Markenson, Daniel F Alvarez, Ira Jacobs, Carol Kirchhoff
To make informed decisions about the safety, efficacy, and clinical utility of a biosimilar, health care providers should understand the types and be able to analyze data generated from a biosimilar development program. This article reviews the biosimilar guidelines, the biosimilar development process to provide education and context about biosimilarity, and uses examples from infliximab biosimilars to review the terminology and potential types of analyses that may be used to compare potential biosimilars to the originator biologic...
2017: Biologics: Targets & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270259/assessment-of-the-knowledge-of-blast-injuries-management-among-physicians-working-in-tripoli-hospitals-libya
#17
Abdulhakim M Oun, Elmokhtar M Hadida, Charles Stewart
Introduction No study on hospital staff preparedness for managing blast injuries has been conducted in Libya. The internal conflict in Libya since 2011 and the difficulties faced by the hospitals has highlighted the need for such studies. Hypothesis Physicians working in Tripoli (capital city Libya) hospitals are inadequately prepared for the management of blast injuries. METHODS: A survey was conducted in all 13 hospitals in Tripoli between June 2014 and May 2015 by using interviews based on a questionnaire consisting of 29 questions covering physicians' education related to blast injury, hospital management of mass casualties, and aspects of hospital preparedness for such incidents...
March 8, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266120/prevention-and-control-of-dental-caries-and-periodontal-diseases-at-individual-and-population-level-consensus-report-of-group-3-of-joint-efp-orca-workshop-on-the-boundaries-between-caries-and-periodontal-diseases
#18
Søren Jepsen, Juan Blanco, Wolfgang Buchalla, Joana C Carvalho, Thomas Dietrich, Christof Dörfer, Kenneth A Eaton, Elena Figuero, Jo E Frencken, Filippo Graziani, Susan M Higham, Thomas Kocher, Marisa Maltz, Alberto Ortiz-Vigon, Julian Schmoeckel, Anton Sculean, Livia M A Tenuta, Monique H van der Veen, Vita Machiulskiene
BACKGROUND: The non-communicable diseases dental caries and periodontal diseases pose an enormous burden on mankind. The dental biofilm is a major biological determinant common to the development of both diseases, and they share common risk factors and social determinants, important for their prevention and control. The remit of this working group was to review the current state of knowledge on epidemiology, socio-behavioural aspects as well as plaque control with regard to dental caries and periodontal diseases...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257079/-looking-over-the-backyard-fence-householders-and-mosquito-control
#19
Samir Mainali, Ram Sharan Lamichhane, Kim Clark, Shelley Beatty, Maria Fatouros, Peter Neville, Jacques Oosthuizen
(1) Background: Vector-borne diseases are a significant public health problem in Western Australia. Mosquitoes are responsible for the transmission of a number of pathogens and may pose a serious nuisance problem. Prevention efforts in the State are multi-faceted and include physical, chemical, and cultural control methods for restricting mosquito breeding. This is less complex where breeding areas are located within public open spaces. In Australia's developed urban areas, breeding sites are, however, frequently located within private residential landholdings, where the scope of public health officials to act is constrained by law and practicality...
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250868/evolution-of-genotoxicity-test-methods-in-japan
#20
Toshio Sofuni
The evolution of methods to assess genotoxicity of test compounds is thought to be one of the important subjects in The Japanese Environmental and Mutagen Society (JEMS). In 1970, the Ministry of Education of Japan (at that time) organized a research group (Organizer: Y. Tazima, National Institute of Genetics), and started a systematic research on the genotoxic effects induced by chemical substances. Considering the importance of this issue through the outcomes of the research group, JEMS was established in 1972, and President Tazima organized the 1st annual meeting in the August in Tokyo with the participation of experts in this field working in national institutes, universities and others in Japan...
2017: Genes and Environment: the Official Journal of the Japanese Environmental Mutagen Society
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