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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790201/self-employed-individuals-performing-different-types-of-work-have-different-occupational-safety-and-health-problems
#1
Jungsun Park, Boyoung Han, Yangho Kim
INTRODUCTION: We assessed the occupational safety and health (OSH) issues of self-employed individuals in Korea. METHODS: The working conditions and OSH issues in three groups were analyzed using the Korean Working Conditions Survey of 2014. RESULTS: Among self-employed individuals, "Physical work" was more common among males, whereas "Emotional work" was more common among females. Self-employed individuals performing "Mental work" had more education, higher incomes, and the lowest exposure to physical/chemical and ergonomic hazards in the workplace...
May 22, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784139/analysis-of-data-on-capecitabine-related-adverse-drug-reactions-from-the-korean-adverse-event-reporting-system-database
#2
Jeong Yun Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and serious adverse events associated with capecitabine use in Korean patients by analyzing data from a comprehensive national database of adverse events. METHOD: Data from all reports concerning capecitabine (Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical code: L01BC06) generated between January 2011 and December 2014 were collected from the Korean Adverse Event Reporting System database (KAERS)...
June 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781463/hepatic-arterial-infusion-pump-complications-and-nursing-management-regarding-use-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#3
Deborah Italiano
BACKGROUND: The hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) pump is a treatment-delivery method based on the principle of targeting the tumor site directly and can be used alone or in combination with systemic chemotherapy. OBJECTIVES: The intent of this article is to serve as a resource for oncology nurses to safely identify and manage HAI pump complications. These complications include seroma, flipped HAI pump, infection, changes in pressure and temperature, challenging access, dry pump, high residual volume, chemical hepatitis, risk of ulcer, and radiologic imaging considerations...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780681/the-swiss-ecotox-centre-bridging-the-gap-between-research-and-application
#4
REVIEW
Inge Werner
The Swiss Centre for Applied Ecotoxicology (Ecotox Centre) was created in recognition of the urgent societal need to provide expertise, education and tools for assessing the risks and effects of anthropogenic chemicals in the environment. Founded in 2008, the Ecotox Centre conducts applied, practice-oriented research in the areas of aquatic (water and sediment) and terrestrial (with focus on soil) ecotoxicology, and provides further education and consulting services to its stakeholders. To date, its most important activities focus on (1) the validation and standardization of bioassays for use in monitoring of water, sediment or soil quality and (2) the development of tools for retrospective risk assessment, including approaches to assess mixture risk...
2018: Environmental Sciences Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758015/determinants-and-temporal-trends-of-perfluoroalkyl-substances-in-pregnant-women-the-hokkaido-study-on-environment-and-children-s-health
#5
Meng-Shan Tsai, Chihiro Miyashita, Atsuko Araki, Sachiko Itoh, Yu Ait Bamai, Houman Goudarzi, Emiko Okada, Ikuko Kashino, Hideyuki Matsuura, Reiko Kishi
Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are persistent bio-accumulative chemicals that impact the health of pregnant women and their children. PFAS derive from environmental and consumer products, which depend on human lifestyle, socioeconomic characteristics, and time variation. Here, we aimed to explore the temporal trends of PFAS in pregnant women and the characteristics related to maternal PFAS concentration. Our study is part of the Hokkaido Study on Environment and Children's Health, the Hokkaido large-scale cohort that recruited pregnant women between 2003 and 2011...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750798/guidelines-for-safe-handling-of-hazardous-drugs-a-systematic-review
#6
Mari A Bernabeu-Martínez, Mateo Ramos Merino, Juan M Santos Gago, Luis M Álvarez Sabucedo, Carmina Wanden-Berghe, Javier Sanz-Valero
OBJECTIVE: To review the scientific literature related to the safe handling of hazardous drugs (HDs). METHOD: Critical analysis of works retrieved from MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, Scopus, CINHAL, Web of Science and LILACS using the terms "Hazardous Substances", "Antineoplastic Agents" and "Cytostatic Agents", applying "Humans" and "Guidelines" as filters. Date of search: January 2017. RESULTS: In total, 1100 references were retrieved, and from those, 61 documents were selected based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria: 24 (39...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747673/ethnobotanical-survey-of-plants-used-as-repellents-against-housefly-musca-domestica-l-diptera-muscidae-in-budondo-subcounty-jinja-district-uganda
#7
Kalori Baana, Harriet Angwech, Geoffrey Maxwell Malinga
BACKGROUND: The housefly, Musca domestica L., is a major public health and domestic pest that spoils food and causes irritation and is a vector of many infectious disease pathogens of medical and veterinary importance. Currently, its control relies largely on chemical pesticides. However, the adverse health and environmental effects of pesticides, risk of development of insect resistance, and bioaccumulation through the food chain emphasize the need to search for environmentally friendly alternatives...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746510/climate-variability-perceptions-and-political-ecology-factors-influencing-changes-in-pesticide-use-over-30-years-by-zimbabwean-smallholder-cotton-producers
#8
Cliff Zinyemba, Emma Archer, Hanna-Andrea Rother
Pesticides represent a potential public health hazard of note in farming communities. Accumulating evidence indicates that some pesticides used in agriculture act as hormone disrupters, with the potential to result in chronic health effects. Despite such a growing evidence base, pesticides remain the preferred method of pest control in agriculture worldwide. In many parts of Sub-Saharan Africa, usage is on the increase. This qualitative study assessed changes in the usage of pesticides by Zimbabwean smallholder cotton farmers in the past 30 years...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738501/poaching-detection-technologies-a-survey
#9
Jacob Kamminga, Eyuel Ayele, Nirvana Meratnia, Paul Havinga
Between 1960 and 1990, 95% of the black rhino population in the world was killed. In South Africa, a rhino was killed every 8 h for its horn throughout 2016. Wild animals, rhinos and elephants, in particular, are facing an ever increasing poaching crisis. In this paper, we review poaching detection technologies that aim to save endangered species from extinction. We present requirements for effective poacher detection and identify research challenges through the survey. We describe poaching detection technologies in four domains: perimeter based, ground based, aerial based, and animal tagging based technologies...
May 8, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737507/-indoor-air-pollution-current-fields-of-action
#10
REVIEW
Wolfram Birmili, Marike Kolossa-Gehring, Kerttu Valtanen, Małgorzata Dębiak, Tunga Salthammer
People in Central Europe spend most of their time in private dwellings, offices, education centres or other public buildings. In these indoor places, they are exposed to a variety of gaseous or particulate pollutants that potentially exert adverse health effects. This work compiles current fields of action that are discussed in the public, among expert panels, and in the scientific community. These address ventilation in buildings, the impact of building product emissions and particulate matter sources on indoor air quality, the detection and prevention of mould as well as the assessment of indoor air quality using guidance values and the determination of the internal exposure by human biomonitoring...
May 8, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732937/factors-of-the-epidemiological-triad-that-influence-the-persistence-of-human-papilloma-virus-infection-in-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#11
S Méndez-Martínez, M García-Carrasco, E A Jiménez-Herrera, C Mendoza-Pinto, I Etchegaray-Morales, P W Barahona-Rubio, J L Gálvez-Romero, P Munguía-Realpozo, C O Muñóz-Guarneros, M L Cedillo-Ramírez, S E Silva-Gómez, G Linares-Fleites, A Rojas-Vallaraga
We studied the epidemiologic triad-related factors influencing human papilloma virus (HPV) persistence in Mexican women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Patients aged ≥18 years with SLE (American College of Rheumatology criteria), with and without HPV persistence, were selected. Groups were analyzed by (1) host: clinical disease characteristics; (2) agent: (I) infectious (prevalence, incidence, HPV genotype and co-infections (≥2 HPV genotypes or mycoplasmas)), (II) chemical (contraceptives and immunosuppressive drugs) and (III) physical (vitamin D deficiency) and (3) environment...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708265/interventions-for-preventing-occupational-irritant-hand-dermatitis
#12
REVIEW
Andrea Bauer, Henriette Rönsch, Peter Elsner, Daan Dittmar, Cathy Bennett, Marie-Louise A Schuttelaar, Judit Lukács, Swen Malte John, Hywel C Williams
BACKGROUND: Occupational irritant hand dermatitis (OIHD) causes significant functional impairment, disruption of work, and discomfort in the working population. Different preventive measures such as protective gloves, barrier creams and moisturisers can be used, but it is not clear how effective these are. This is an update of a Cochrane review which was previously published in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of primary preventive interventions and strategies (physical and behavioural) for preventing OIHD in healthy people (who have no hand dermatitis) who work in occupations where the skin is at risk of damage due to contact with water, detergents, chemicals or other irritants, or from wearing gloves...
April 30, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706092/normal-feline-behaviour-%C3%A2-and-why-problem-behaviours-develop
#13
John Bradshaw
Practical relevance: Cats are descended from a solitary, territorial ancestor, and while domestication has reduced their inherited tendency to be antagonistic towards all animals larger than their typical prey, they still place more reliance on the security of their territory than on psychological attachments to people or other cats, the exact opposite to dogs. Many feline problem behaviours stem from perceived threats to this security, often due to conflicts with other cats. Others are more developmental in origin, often caused by inadequate exposure to crucial stimuli, especially people, during the socialisation period...
May 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699508/factors-associated-with-congenital-anomalies-in-addis-ababa-and-the-amhara-region-ethiopia-a-case-control-study
#14
Molla Taye, Mekbeb Afework, Wondwossen Fantaye, Ermias Diro, Alemayehu Worku
BACKGROUND: The early stage of embryo development is extremely vulnerable to various teratogenic factors, leading to congenital anomalies. In Ethiopia, a significant number of babies are born with congenital anomalies, but the risk factors for the anomalies have never been studied. Understanding the specific risk factors for congenital anomalies is very essential to provide health education that aims at creating awareness and establishing preventive strategic plan/s. The main objective of this study was to assess the risk factors associated with congenital anomalies in Addis Ababa and the Amhara Region, Ethiopia...
April 25, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699017/-influencing-factors-for-reproductive-health-of-female-workers-in-petrochemical-industry
#15
Z X Kou, S L Wang, Z L Chen, Y H He, W L Yu, L Y Mei, H D Zhang
Objective: To investigate the reproductive health status of female workers in petrochemical industry, and to provide a reference for improving reproductive health status and developing preventive and control measures for female workers in petrochemical industry. Methods: A face-to-face questionnaire survey was performed from January to October, 2016. The Questionnaire on Women's Reproductive Health was used to investigate the reproductive health of female workers in petrochemical industry. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to identify the influencing factors for reproductive health of female workers in petrochemical industry...
February 20, 2018: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691128/ice-parties-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-thailand-pleasures-secrecy-and-risks
#16
Thomas E Guadamuz, Pimpawun Boonmongkon
BACKGROUND: Crystal methamphetamine (ice) has become the substance of choice among young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in urban Thailand. Yet, there is scarce data on this phenomenon, partly due to the difficulty in accessing men who will disclose and openly discuss the social contexts, meanings and risks surrounding ice practice. We present an ethnography of ice parties, critically discussing the in-depth social meanings of ice; the sexual socialities and the secrecy surrounding its use; the transactions between older and younger men; and the role of the Internet and mobile technology...
April 21, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689464/children-s-residential-exposure-to-organophosphate-ester-flame-retardants-and-plasticizers-investigating-exposure-pathways-in-the-tesie-study
#17
Allison L Phillips, Stephanie C Hammel, Kate Hoffman, Amelia M Lorenzo, Albert Chen, Thomas F Webster, Heather M Stapleton
BACKGROUND: Following the phase-out of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), organophosphate esters (OPEs) have been increasingly used in consumer products and building materials for their flame retardant and plasticizing properties. As a result, human exposure to these chemicals is widespread as evidenced by common detection of their metabolites in urine. However, little is known about the major exposure pathways, or factors that influence children's exposure to OPEs. Furthermore, little data is available on exposure to the novel aryl OPEs...
April 20, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677556/prenatal-exposure-to-polychlorinated-biphenyls-and-fetal-growth-in-british-girls
#18
Jill F Patel, Terryl J Hartman, Andreas Sjodin, Kate Northstone, Ethel V Taylor
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are synthetic chemicals that bioaccumulate in the food chain. PCBs were used primarily for industrial applications due to their insulating and fire retardant properties, but were banned in the 1970s in the United States and in the 1980s in the United Kingdom, as adverse health effects following exposure were identified. Previous studies of populations with high PCB exposure have reported inverse associations with birth weight and gestational length. Birth weight is a powerful predictor of infant survival, and low birth weight can predispose infants to chronic conditions in adult life such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases...
April 17, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677443/icbs2017-in-shanghai-illuminating-life-with-chemical-innovation
#19
Evripidis Gavathiotis, Qi Zhang, Jingyu Zhang
Shanghai, a city situated on the estuary of Yangtze River in east China (Figure 1), welcomed the gathering of diverse chemical biologists from around the globe at the 6th annual conference of the International Chemical Biology Society (ICBS; http://www.chemical-biology.org/) held October 17-20, 2017. The annual conference is the flagship meeting for the ICBS, an independent, nonprofit organization dedicated to promoting research and educational opportunities at the interface of chemistry and biology.
April 20, 2018: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670386/traction-alopecia-the-root-of-the-problem
#20
REVIEW
Victoria Billero, Mariya Miteva
Traction alopecia (TA) affects one-third of women of African descent who wear various forms of traumatic hairstyling for a prolonged period of time. The risk of TA is increased by the extent of pulling and duration of traction, as well as the use of chemical relaxation. The frequent use of tight buns or ponytails, the attachment of weaves or hair extensions, and tight braids (such as cornrows and dreadlocks) are believed to be the highest risk hairstyles. TA can also occur in the setting of religious and occupational traumatic hairstyling...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
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