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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146137/the-impact-of-additives-on-the-phosphorus-potassium-and-sodium-content-of-commonly-consumed-meat-poultry-and-fish-products-among-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
Arti Sharma Parpia, Mary L'Abbé, Marc Goldstein, Joanne Arcand, Bernadene Magnuson, Pauline Darling
OBJECTIVE: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are advised to limit their dietary intake of phosphorus and potassium as hyperphosphatemia and hyperkalemia are both associated with an increased risk of mortality. There is uncertainty concerning the actual content of these minerals in the Canadian food supply, as phosphorus and potassium are increasingly being used as food additives. This study aimed to determine the impact of food additives on the chemically analyzed content of phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and protein in commonly consumed meat, poultry, and fish products (MPFs)...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142003/disparities-in-environmental-exposures-to-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-and-diabetes-risk-in-vulnerable-populations
#2
Daniel Ruiz, Marisol Becerra, Jyotsna S Jagai, Kerry Ard, Robert M Sargis
Burgeoning epidemiological, animal, and cellular data link environmental endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) to metabolic dysfunction. Disproportionate exposure to diabetes-associated EDCs may be an underappreciated contributor to disparities in metabolic disease risk. The burden of diabetes is not uniformly borne by American society; rather, this disease disproportionately affects certain populations, including African Americans, Latinos, and low-income individuals. The purpose of this study was to review the evidence linking unequal exposures to EDCs with racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic diabetes disparities in the U...
November 15, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137059/adherence-to-gout-management-recommendations-of-chinese-patients
#3
Feng Sheng, Weigang Fang, Bingqing Zhang, Yue Sha, Xuejun Zeng
Though efficacious and affordable treatments for gout are widely available, gout is still not well controlled in many countries of the world including China.To investigate patient adherence to gout management recommendations and potential barriers in Chinese male gout patients, a survey was carried out by telephone interview in male patients registered in the gout clinic at Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Adherence to dietary and medication recommendations was measured by a food frequency questionnaire and proportion of cumulative time adherent to chemical urate-lowering therapy (ULT), respectively...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117642/policy-change-and-the-national-essential-medicines-list-development-process-in-brazil-between-2000-and-2014-has-the-essential-medicine-concept-been-abandoned
#4
Claudia Garcia Serpa Osorio-de-Castro, Thiago Botelho Azeredo, Vera Lúcia Edais Pepe, Luciane Cruz Lopes, Sueli Yamauti, Brian Godman, Lars L Gustafsson
Brazil has had a National Essential Medicines List (EML) since 1964. From 2000 to 2010, five consecutive evidence-based editions were produced, building on the essential medicines concept. In 2012, the government changed course to establish a new paradigm, introducing adoption of new medicines as the main aim within the recommendation process. The objective of the paper is to report efforts to develop Brazil's national EML, policy changes from 2000 to 2014, discussing results, challenges and perspectives. Brazilian EML history and development process were collected from legislation, minutes, reports and legal ordinances, from 2000 to 2014...
November 8, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103115/perspectives-on-impacts-of-water-quality-on-agriculture-and-community-well-being-a-key-informant-study-from-sri-lanka
#5
Bhadranie Thoradeniya, Uthpala Pinto, Basant Maheshwari
Integrated management of water quality is critical for sustaining food production and achieving overall well-being of a community. Further, understanding people's perceptions and engagement can play an important role in achieving water and food security. The main aim of this study was to investigate the perspectives of community and other stakeholders as to how water quality impacts on agriculture, livelihood and community well-being within rural farming communities of two dry zone districts of Sri Lanka. The study adopted 'key informant interviews' as the methodology to investigate community and other stakeholder perspectives to collect primary data over a period of four months...
November 4, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080397/astatine
#6
Geerd-J Meyer
This educational review describes and summarizes the historic discovery of element 85, the experiments leading to its physical and chemical characterization and comparison with is lighter homologue iodine. The halflives of its longest living isotopes (210) At and (211) At with 8.3 h and 7.22 h respectively together with their alpha decay characteristics made these isotopes interesting for radiation biological research. However, the lack of stable isotopes of astatine presents a strong challenge for all characterizations...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074552/occupational-exposures-and-mammographic-density-in-spanish-women
#7
Virginia Lope, Javier García-Pérez, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Ana María Pedraza-Flechas, Juan Alguacil, Mª Carmen González-Galarzo, Miguel Angel Alba, Rudolf van der Haar, Rosa Ana Cortés-Barragán, Carmen Pedraz-Pingarrón, Pilar Moreo, Carmen Santamariña, María Ederra, Carmen Vidal, Dolores Salas-Trejo, Carmen Sánchez-Contador, Rafael Llobet, Marina Pollán
OBJECTIVES: The association between occupational exposures and mammographic density (MD), a marker of breast cancer risk, has not been previously explored. Our objective was to investigate the influence of occupational exposure to chemical, physical and microbiological agents on MD in adult women. METHODS: This is a population-based cross-sectional study based on 1476 female workers aged 45-65 years from seven Spanish breast cancer screening programmes. Occupational history was surveyed by trained staff...
October 26, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072618/an-integrated-pest-management-intervention-improves-knowledge-pest-control-and-practices-in-family-child-care-homes
#8
Michelle Stephens, Kimberly Hazard, Debra Moser, Dana Cox, Roberta Rose, Abbey Alkon
To reduce young children's exposure to pesticides when attending family child care homes (FCCHs), we developed an integrated pest management (IPM) intervention for FCCH directors. First, we developed IPM educational materials and resources to provide the foundation for an IPM educational intervention for FCCHs. Next, we conducted and evaluated a six-month nurse child care health consultant (CCHC)-led education and consultation IPM intervention to increase IPM knowledge, IPM practices, IPM policies, and decrease the presence or evidence of pests...
October 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059364/u-s-adult-interest-in-less-harmful-and-less-addictive-hypothetical-modified-risk-tobacco-products
#9
Erin Keely O'Brien, Alexander Persoskie, Mark Parascandola, Allison C Hoffman
Introduction: Tobacco companies have a history of making health claims about their new products. Such claims are now regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. We examined consumer interest in hypothetical modified risk tobacco products (MRTPs) among current, former and never established smokers, and examined whether interest was associated with beliefs about tobacco and cancer. Methods: Data were analyzed from the U.S. nationally representative 2015 Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS-FDA 2015; N = 3,738)...
September 28, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051448/north-carolina-toxic-substance-incidents-program-2010-2015-identifying-areas-for-injury-prevention-efforts
#10
Samantha Eiffert, Suze Etienne, Annie Hirsch, Ricky Langley
The National Toxic Substance Incidents Program (NTSIP) is a surveillance system designed to capture acute toxic substance releases, factors contributing to the release, and any associated injuries. North Carolina has participated since 2010, when NTSIP was established. This article will present a descriptive statistical summary from 2010 to 2015 focused on releases that resulted in injuries in order to identify areas for public health prevention efforts. Of the 1690 toxic releases in North Carolina, 155 incidents resulted in injuries and 500 people were injured...
August 6, 2017: Toxics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036294/realityconvert-a-tool-for-preparing-3d-models-of-biochemical-structures-for-augmented-and-virtual-reality
#11
Alexandre Borrel, Denis Fourches
Motivation: There is a growing interest for the broad use of Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR) in the fields of bioinformatics and cheminformatics to visualize complex biological and chemical structures. AR and VR technologies allow for stunning and immersive experiences, offering untapped opportunities for both research and education purposes. However, preparing 3D models ready to use for AR and VR is time-consuming and requires a technical expertise that severely limits the development of new contents of potential interest for structural biologists, medicinal chemists, molecular modellers and teachers...
August 2, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990670/measuring-consumers-interest-in-instant-fortified-pearl-millet-products-a-field-experiment-in-touba-senegal
#12
Hugo De Groote, Sarah W Kariuki, Djibril Traore, John R N Taylor, Mario Ferruzzi, Bruce R Hamaker
BACKGROUND: In Africa, food-processing industries are emerging fast, especially for cereals. New low-cost extrusion cookers give small enterprises an opportunity to enter the market for processed cereal products, in particular instant, fortified and flavored mixes. Before engaging in the marketing of these products, consumers' interest needs to be assessed. This study used a combination of affective tests and experimental auctions with 200 consumers in Touba, Senegal to evaluate four new products with conventional pearl millet flour as the control: instant pearl millet flour, instant pearl millet flour with added dry mango and carrot powder (naturally fortified), and the previous products with added conventional chemical micronutrient fortificants...
October 9, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976394/-approach-to-venous-diseases-in-the-elderly
#13
Ahmet Kürşat Bozkurt, Ozan Onur Balkanay
Incidence and severity of both deep vein thrombosis and chronic venous insufficiency are increased with age. Today, however, the significance of these diseases in the elderly patient population are still poorly comprehended. Although most patients have a history of previous treatment, chronic venous insufficiency is usually encountered in the advanced clinical stage. As a result, there is an increase in mobility restrictions, the need for assistance in daily activities and the risk of falls in elderly patients...
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970446/pharmacy-practice-and-education-in-bulgaria
#14
Valentina Petkova, Jeffrey Atkinson
Pharmacies in Bulgaria have a monopoly on the dispensing of medicinal products that are authorized in the Republic of Bulgaria, as well as medical devices, food additives, cosmetics, and sanitary/hygienic articles. Aptekari (pharmacists) act as responsible pharmacists, pharmacy owners, and managers. They follow a five year Masters of Science in Pharmacy (M.Sc. Pharm.) degree course with a six month traineeship. Pomoshnik-farmacevti (assistant pharmacists) follow a three year degree with a six month traineeship...
June 22, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955675/pesticide-exposure-and-head-and-neck-cancers-a-case-control-study-in-an-agricultural-region
#15
Maryam Amizadeh, Mohammad Safari-Kamalabadi, Ghasem Askari-Saryazdi, Marzieh Amizadeh, Hamed Reihani-Kermani
INTRODUCTION: Causes of head and neck cancers (HNCs) are multifactorial, and few studies have investigated the association between chemical exposure and HNCs. The objective of this study was to investigate associations between HNCs, agricultural occupations, and pesticide exposure. The potential for the accumulation of pesticides in the adipose tissue of patients was also investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A structured questionnaire was used to collect information on demographics, occupation, and exposure to pesticides in a hospital-based case-control study...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947494/the-interocc-case-control-study-risk-of-meningioma-and-occupational-exposure-to-selected-combustion-products-dusts-and-other-chemical-agents
#16
Damien M McElvenny, Martie van Tongeren, Michelle C Turner, Geza Benke, Jordi Figuerola, Sarah Fleming, Martine Hours, Laurel Kincl, Daniel Krewski, Dave McLean, Marie-Élise Parent, Lesley Richardson, Brigitte Schlehofer, Klaus Schlaefer, Siegal Sadetzki, Joachim Schüz, Jack Siemiatycki, Elisabeth Cardis
BACKGROUND: Little is known about occupational risk factors for meningioma. OBJECTIVES: To study whether risk of meningioma is associated with several occupational exposures, including selected combustion products, dusts and other chemical agents. METHODS: The INTEROCC study was an international case-control study of brain cancer conducted in seven countries. Data collection by interview included lifetime occupational histories. A job exposure matrix was used to derive estimates of exposure for the 12 agents...
September 25, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935616/endocrine-disruptors-and-health-effects-in-africa-a-call-for-action
#17
Maria S Bornman, Natalie H Aneck-Hahn, Christiaan de Jager, Gesina M Wagenaar, Hindrik Bouwman, Irene E J Barnhoorn, Sean M Patrick, Laura N Vandenberg, Andreas Kortenkamp, Bruce Blumberg, Sarah Kimmins, Bernard Jegou, Jacques Auger, Joseph DiGangi, Jerrold J Heindel
BACKGROUND: Africa faces a number of unique environmental challenges. Unfortunately, it lacks the infrastructure needed to support the comprehensive environmental studies that could provide the scientific basis to inform environmental policies. There are a number of known sources of endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and other hazardous chemicals in Africa. However, a coordinated approach to identify and monitor these contaminants and to develop strategies for public health interventions has not yet been made...
August 22, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932363/cadmium-toxicity-and-treatment-an-update
#18
REVIEW
Mehrdad Rafati Rahimzadeh, Mehravar Rafati Rahimzadeh, Sohrab Kazemi, Ali-Akbar Moghadamnia
Cadmium poisoning has been reported from many parts of the world. It is one of the global health problems that affect many organs and in some cases it can cause deaths annually. Long-term exposure to cadmium through air, water, soil, and food leads to cancer and organ system toxicity such as skeletal, urinary, reproductive, cardiovascular, central and peripheral nervous, and respiratory systems. Cadmium levels can be measured in the blood, urine, hair, nail and saliva samples. Patients with cadmium toxicity need gastrointestinal tract irrigation, supportive care, and chemical decontamination traditional-based chelation therapy with appropriate new chelating agents and nanoparticle-based antidotes...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928940/comparison-of-color-discrimination-in-chronic-heavy-smokers-and-healthy-subjects
#19
Thiago Monteiro de Paiva Fernandes, Natalia Leandro Almeida, Natanael Antonio Dos Santos
Background: Cigarette smoke is probably the most significant source of exposure to toxic chemicals for humans, involving health-damaging components, such as nicotine, hydrogen cyanide and formaldehyde. The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of chronic heavy smoking on color discrimination (CD). Methods: All subjects were free of any neuropsychiatric disorder, identifiable ocular disease and had normal acuity. No abnormalities were detected in the fundoscopic examination and in the optical coherence tomography exam...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923343/association-among-total-serum-isomers-of-perfluorinated-chemicals-glucose-homeostasis-lipid-profiles-serum-protein-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-adults-nhanes-2013-2014
#20
Hui-Shan Liu, Li-Li Wen, Pei-Lun Chu, Chien-Yu Lin
Perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs) have been used widely in consumer products manufacture. Recent in vitro as well as animal studies have found that there are different toxicity and pharmacokinetic profiles between isomers of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and/or perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS). However, the differential effects of linear or branched PFOA/PFOS isomers on human beings have never been reported. Herein, we examined 1871 adult subjects (age older than 18 years) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2013-2014 to determine the association between the isomers of PFOA/PFOS and serum biochemistry profiles, including glucose, lipids, protein and components of metabolic syndrome (MS)...
September 15, 2017: Environmental Pollution
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