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Endoscopic dilation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934830/sporadic-non-ampullary-duodenal-adenoma-overriding-the-cystic-dilatation-of-brunner-s-gland-hyperplasia
#1
Yun Jung Nam, Byung Wook Kim, Joon Sung Kim, Gi Jun Kim
Sporadic non-ampullary duodenal adenoma is uncommon and found incidentally during endoscopic examinations. Brunner's gland hyperplasia is commonly encountered during endoscopic examinations. Adenomas arising from Brunner's gland hyperplasia originate from the glandular cells, and the surface epithelia are usually intact. Little has been reported on adenomas originating from the surface epithelium that overrides Brunner's gland hyperplasia. Here, we report a case of a sporadic non-ampullary duodenal adenoma overriding the cystic dilatation of Brunner's gland hyperplasia...
September 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924108/proton-pump-inhibitor-induction-of-gastric-cobblestone-like-lesions-in-the-stomach
#2
Kosuke Takahari, Ken Haruma, Hiroshi Ohtani, Sho Kiyoto, Akifumi Watanabe, Tomoari Kamada, Noriaki Manabe, Yu Hatano
Objective The long-term use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may induce adverse events in many organs, including the stomach. The chronic use of PPIs has been associated with the growth of fundic gland polyps (FGPs) and of gastric black spots. This study assessed the incidence of gastric lesions with cobblestone-like appearance in PPI users. Methods The clinical characteristics and endoscopic findings of patients who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy after using PPIs for at least six months were analyzed...
September 15, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921666/comparison-of-laparoscopic-gastropexy-performed-via-intracorporeal-suturing-with-knotless-unidirectional-barbed-suture-using-a-needle-driver-versus-a-roticulated-endoscopic-suturing-device-30-cases
#3
Kristin A Coleman, Eric Monnet
OBJECTIVE: To compare two suturing techniques for prophylactic laparoscopic gastropexy in healthy dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Thirty healthy client-owned dogs from breeds predisposed to gastric dilation volvulus. METHODS: Medical records of dogs presented for prophylactic laparoscopic gastropexy performed with knotless unidirectional barbed suture were reviewed. Dogs were grouped based on the device used for suturing, consisting of an endoscopic needle driver (END) vs an endoscopic suturing device (ESD)...
September 16, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912821/thyrotoxicosis-and-choledocholithiasis-masquerading-as-thyroid-storm
#4
Christian L Horn, Patricia A Short
A 26-year-old female, thirteen months postpartum, presented to the emergency department for four weeks of epigastric abdominal pain, pruritus, new onset jaundice, and 11.3 kgs (25 lbs) unintentional weight loss. On examination, she was afebrile, tachycardic, alert, and oriented and had jaundice with scleral icterus. Labs were significant for undetectable TSH, FT4 that was too high to measure, and elevated total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, and transaminases. Abdominal ultrasound revealed cholelithiasis without biliary ductal dilation...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895370/eosinophilic-esophagitis-current-evidence-based-diagnosis-and-treatment-in-children-and-adults
#5
Alfredo J Lucendo
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a disease caused by an immune response to food antigens in contact with the esophageal mucosa that has arisen as a common disorder in current clinical practice. Its diagnosis is defined by the combination of symptoms of esophageal dysfunction and inflammation of the esophageal mucosa predominantly by eosinophils. Its chronic course and frequent progression to subepithelial fibrosis leading to strictures and narrow-caliber esophagus indicate the need for treatment. Information provided by recent clinical trials and systematic reviews allowed for the development of new clinical guidelines, endorsed by several European scientific societies...
September 11, 2017: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885305/successful-esophageal-dilation-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-eoe-patients-with-a-previous-postdilation-complication-start-low-and-go-slow
#6
Seth Lipka, Ambuj Kumar, Joel E Richter
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal dilation is an effective and safe treatment option for fibrostenotic eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Despite the safety, adverse events occur, yet there is scarce literature on the best treatment postcomplications. METHODS: Patients with diagnosis of EoE (≥15 eosinophils per high-power field) from 2011 to 2015 treated at our center were included. Thirty patients with fibrostenotic disease had records available regarding serial dilation therapy...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883699/minor-endoscopic-sphincterotomy-followed-by-large-balloon-dilation-for-large-choledocholith-treatment
#7
Xiao-Dan Xu, Bo Chen, Jian-Jun Dai, Jian-Qing Qian, Chun-Fang Xu
AIM: To evaluate early and late outcomes of endoscopic papillary large balloon dilation (EPLBD) with minor endoscopic sphincterotomy (mEST) for stone removal. METHODS: A total of 149 consecutive patients with difficult common bile duct (CBD) stones (diameter ≥ 10 mm or ≥ 3 stones) underwent conventional endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) or mEST plus EPLBD from May 2012 to April 2016. Their demographic, laboratory and procedural data were collected, and pancreaticobiliary complications were recorded...
August 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883243/an-hiv-positive-case-of-obstructive-jaundice-caused-by-immune-reconstitution-inflammatory-syndrome-of-tuberculous-lymphadenitis-successfully-treated-with-corticosteroids
#8
Naoaki Watanabe, Ryota Sato, Hideaki Nagai, Hirotoshi Matsui, Akira Yamane, Masahiro Kawashima, Junko Suzuki, Hiroyuki Tashimo, Nobuharu Ohshima, Kimihiko Masuda, Atsuhisa Tamura, Shinobu Akagawa, Akira Hebisawa, Ken Ohta
A 60-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of a persistent fever with enlargement of multiple lymph nodes in the mediastinum and around the pancreatic head. He was diagnosed with tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus infection. We started antiretroviral therapy three weeks after the initiation of anti-tuberculous therapy. Two weeks later, jaundice appeared with dilatation of the biliary tract due to further enlargement of the lymph nodes, which seemed to be immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS)...
September 6, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881900/changes-in-esophageal-motility-after-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-superficial-esophageal-cancer-a-high-resolution-manometry-study
#9
K Takahashi, Y Sato, M Takeuchi, H Sato, N Nakajima, S Ikarashi, K Hayashi, K-I Mizuno, Y Honda, S Hashimoto, J Yokoyama, S Terai
The effect of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) on esophageal motility remains unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study is to elucidate changes in esophageal motility after ESD along with the cause of dysphagia using high-resolution manometry (HRM). This is a before-and-after trial of the effect of ESD on the esophageal motility. Twenty patients who underwent ESD for superficial esophageal carcinoma were enrolled in this study. Patients filled out a questionnaire about dysphagia and underwent HRM before and after ESD...
November 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881899/polyglycolic-acid-sheet-and-fibrin-glue-for-preventing-esophageal-stricture-after-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-a-historical-control-study
#10
T Iizuka, D Kikuchi, S Hoteya, Y Kajiyama, M Kaise
There have been several reports that steroid administration is effective at preventing strictures after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). However, adverse events after steroid use are of great concern. We have reported that shielding with a polyglycolic acid (PGA) sheet and fibrin glue can be useful for prevention of stricture after ESD. We conducted a retrospective analysis of efficiency of shielding with a PGA sheet and fibrin glue for prevention of esophageal stricture compared with intralesional steroid injection...
November 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881883/the-clinical-significance-of-hypercontractile-peristalsis-comparison-of-high-resolution-manometric-features-demographics-symptom-presentation-and-response-to-therapy-in-patients-with-jackhammer-esophagus-versus-nutcracker-esophagus
#11
M T Al-Qaisi, H A Siddiki, M D Crowell, G E Burdick, D E Fleischer, F C Ramirez, M F Vela
The Chicago Classification version 3.0 (CC v 3.0) defines hypercontractile peristalsis as Jackhammer esophagus (JE); Nutcracker esophagus (NE) is no longer recognized. Data regarding patient characteristics and treatment response for JE versus NE are limited. We aimed to compare demographic characteristics, high resolution manometry (HRM) features, clinical presentation, management strategies, and treatment outcomes in patients with JE versus NE. We performed a retrospective analysis of adult patients diagnosed with NE (CC v 2...
December 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881875/efficacy-safety-and-long-term-outcome-of-serial-endoscopic-balloon-dilation-for-upper-gastrointestinal-crohn-s-disease-associated-strictures-a-cohort-study
#12
Amandeep Singh, Neha Agrawal, Satya Kurada, Rocio Lopez, Hermann Kessler, Jessica Philpott, Bo Shen, Bret Lashner, Florian Rieder
Background: Gastric and duodenal Crohn's disease [CD]-associated strictures are rare. Evidence on endoscopic balloon dilation [EBD] of upper gastrointestinal [GI] CD strictures is limited, in particular in respect to serial dilations. Methods: Prospective short- and long-term outcome data as well as complication rates on a cohort of upper GI CD-associated stricture dilations [stomach and duodenum] were collected from 1999 to 2015. Factors linked with clinical and technical success, long-term efficacy and complication rates were investigated...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880010/chronic-pancreatitis
#13
REVIEW
Jorg Kleeff, David C Whitcomb, Tooru Shimosegawa, Irene Esposito, Markus M Lerch, Thomas Gress, Julia Mayerle, Asbjørn Mohr Drewes, Vinciane Rebours, Fatih Akisik, J Enrique Domínguez Muñoz, John P Neoptolemos
Chronic pancreatitis is defined as a pathological fibro-inflammatory syndrome of the pancreas in individuals with genetic, environmental and/or other risk factors who develop persistent pathological responses to parenchymal injury or stress. Potential causes can include toxic factors (such as alcohol or smoking), metabolic abnormalities, idiopathic mechanisms, genetics, autoimmune responses and obstructive mechanisms. The pathophysiology of chronic pancreatitis is fairly complex and includes acinar cell injury, acinar stress responses, duct dysfunction, persistent or altered inflammation, and/or neuro-immune crosstalk, but these mechanisms are not completely understood...
September 7, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875688/clinical-utility-of-the-patency-capsule-a-large-volume-center-experience
#14
Armando Peixoto, Marco Silva, Rosa Coelho, Rui Gaspar, Rodrigo Liberal, Rui Castro, Andreia Albuquerque, Margarida Marques, Hélder Cardoso, Guilherme Macedo
BACKGROUND: In patients with suspected or known obstructive gastrointestinal pathology, the use of patency capsule (PC) aims to minimize the risk of subsequent retention of the endoscopic capsule. However, its clinical utility is not consensual. The aim was to evaluate the indications, results and safety profile of the PC. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of PCs (Agile patency Capsule) conducted between 2011 and 2015. Patency evaluation was performed after 30 hours, with radiological confirmation if PC was detected...
September 5, 2017: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875121/spontaneous-cerebrospinal-fluid-rhinorrhea-association-with-body-weight-and-imaging-data
#15
Raphaële Quatre, Arnaud Attye, Christian Adrien Righini, Emile Reyt, Joris Giai, Sébastien Schmerber, Alexandre Karkas
Objective  Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea (SCSFR) might be the only clinical manifestation of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), which has been historically related to overweight. Our goal was to search for an association between SCSFR and increased body weight on the one hand and SCSFR and imaging findings suggestive of IIH on the other hand. Materials and Methods  We retrospectively collected clinical and radiological data of patients operated on endoscopically for SCSFR in our institution from 1993 to 2013...
October 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868226/recurrent-gastric-ulcer-and-cholangitis-caused-by-ectopic-drainage-of-the-bile-duct-into-the-stomach
#16
Katrin Bauer, Christof Keller
We report a case of recurrent gastritis with pyloric stenosis and cholangitis due to a rare variation in bile duct anatomy. A 72-year-old female patient showed recurrent gastral ulcers and biliary colic with cholangitis caused by gallstones in the main bile duct with an ectopic orifice in the prepyloric region and concurrent inflammatory pyloric stenosis. After temporarily successful endoscopic treatment with stenting and pyloric dilatation, the patient suffered from recurrent cholangitis. Finally, the abnormal biliary anatomy required surgical treatment with biliodigestive anastomosis...
2017: GMS Interdisciplinary Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery DGPW
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867969/an-overview-of-achalasia-and-its-subtypes
#17
Dhyanesh A Patel, Brian M Lappas, Michael F Vaezi
Achalasia is one of the most studied esophageal motility disorders. However, the pathophysiology and reasons that patients develop achalasia are still unclear. Patients often present with dysphagia to solids and liquids, regurgitation, and varying degrees of weight loss. There is significant latency prior to diagnosis, which can have nutritional implications. The diagnosis is suspected based on clinical history and confirmed by esophageal high-resolution manometry testing. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy is necessary to rule out potential malignancy that can mimic achalasia...
July 2017: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867581/high-pressure-balloon-dilatation-of-the-ureterovesical-junction-in-primary-obstructive-megaureter-infectious-morbidity
#18
I Kassite, K Braïk, B Morel, T Villemagne, C Szwarc, Z Maakaroun, A R Cook, H Lardy, A Binet
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study is to investigate the infectious morbidity associated with high-pressure balloon dilatation (HPBD) and an indwelling double J stent, in primary obstructive megaureter. METHODS: We reviewed the cases of 12 patients undergoing endoscopic treatment for primary obstructive megaureter from January 2012 to January 2015. The characteristics of the infection and data concerning the patient and the intervention were analyzed. RESULTS: The frequency of preoperative urinary tract infection (UTI) was 58%...
August 31, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867533/-primary-intestinal-lymphangiectasia-waldmann-s-disease
#19
S Vignes, J Bellanger
Primary intestinal lymphangiectasia (PIL), Waldmann's disease, is a rare disorder of unknown etiology characterized by dilated intestinal lacteals leading to lymph leakage into the small-bowel lumen and responsible for protein-losing enteropathy leading to lymphopenia, hypoalbuminemia and hypogammaglobulinemia. PIL is generally diagnosed before 3 years of age but may be diagnosed in older patients. The main symptom is bilateral lower limb edema. Edema may be moderate to severe including pleural effusion, pericarditis or ascites...
August 31, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866457/randomized-trial-of-cholangioscopy-guided-laser-lithotripsy-versus-conventional-therapy-for-large-bile-duct-stones-with-videos
#20
James Buxbaum, Ara Sahakian, Christopher Ko, Preeth Jayaram, Christianne Lane, Chung Yao Yu, Ravi Kankotia, Loren Laine
BACKGROUND: Bile duct stones >1 cm have a decreased incidence of successful endoscopic extraction and often require lithotripsy. Although prior guidelines suggested mechanical lithotripsy for large CBD stones, current guidelines suggest cholangioscopy-guided lithotripsy as an adjunct with or without balloon dilation or mechanical lithotripsy. However, no randomized trials have assessed the utility of this practice. METHODS: Patients with bile duct stones >1 cm in diameter were randomized in a 2:1 ratio to cholangioscopy-guided laser lithotripsy versus conventional therapy only...
August 30, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
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