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Balloon assisted endoscopy

Sung Noh Hong, Hyun Joo Jang, Byong Duk Ye, Seong Ran Jeon, Jong Pil Im, Jae Myung Cha, Seong-Eun Kim, Soo Jung Park, Eun Ran Kim, Dong Kyung Chang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Various modalities have been used to diagnose Meckel's diverticulum (MD) in practice, but with their diagnostic accuracy deemed to be unsatisfactory for clinical practice. Moreover, the usefulness of these modalities has not been evaluated for the diagnosis of bleeding MD in adults, due to the relative rarity of this condition. Therefore, the aim of our multicenter study was to determine the most accurate modality for the preoperative diagnosis of bleeding MD in adults...
2016: PloS One
Tsunetaka Arai, Ken Takeuchi, Miyuki Miyamura, Rumiko Ishikawa, Akihiro Yamada, Masao Katsumata, Yoshinori Igarashi, Yasuo Suzuki
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Previous studies have not found a correlation between fecal level of calprotectin and small bowel Crohn's disease (CD). However, these studies evaluated patients mainly by ileocolonoscopy, which views up to only the terminal ileum rather than entire small intestine. We investigated whether level of fecal calprotectin (FC) is a marker of active CD of the small bowel, identified by balloon-assisted enteroscopy and computed tomography enterography (CTE). METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 123 patients with CD (35 with ileitis, 72 with ileocolitis, and 16 with colitis) evaluated by balloon-assisted enteroscopy from May 2012 through July 2015 at Toho University Sakura Medical Centre in Japan...
August 23, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Tom G Moreels, Nathalie Kouinche Madenko, Alaa Taha, Hubert Piessevaux, Pierre H Deprez
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Balloon-assisted enteroscopy allows therapeutic intervention in the small bowel, and even of the biliopancreatic system in patients with altered anatomy. However, the conventional single-balloon enteroscope (SBE) has limited therapeutic use because of its small-caliber working channel and the lack of an additional water jet channel. The new single-balloon enteroscope prototype XSIF-180JY has been developed to overcome these problems. We present experience with use of the new SBE prototype during 14 therapeutic endoscopy procedures, which illustrates its advantages...
August 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Joanna K Law
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Endoscopic technology has evolved such that device-assisted enteroscopes (DAEs) are readily available and utilized to diagnose and treat patients with small bowel disease. In this review, we briefly discuss the DAE platforms and the expanding role for small bowel enteroscopy. RECENT FINDINGS: The indications for small bowel endoscopy are rapidly increasing with new diagnostic and therapeutic maneuvers that are allowing patients to obtain treatments that would have otherwise required more invasive or higher risk procedures...
July 13, 2016: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
Yen-I Chen, Mouen A Khashab
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Malignant gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) is a debilitating complication of cancer associated with a poor prognosis. The primary aim in the management of malignant GOO is usually palliation starting with the reinstitution of luminal patency with either surgical bypass or enteral stenting. These traditional modalities, however, have important limitations. Endoscopic bypass is a novel approach to GOO and may be an ideal technique, in which a sustained bypass can be created through a minimally invasive approach...
July 6, 2016: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
P D James, L Antonova, M Martel, A Barkun
INTRODUCTION: The diversity, technical skills required, and risk inherent to advanced endoscopy techniques all contribute to complex training curricula and steep learning curves. Since trainees develop endoscopy skills at different rates, there has been a shift towards competency-based training and certification. Validated endoscopy performance measures for trainees are, therefore, necessary. The aim of this systematic review was to describe and critically assess the existing evidence regarding measures of performance for trainees in advanced endoscopy...
June 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
Pier Alberto Testoni, Alberto Mariani, Lars Aabakken, Marianna Arvanitakis, Erwan Bories, Guido Costamagna, Jacques Devière, Mario Dinis-Ribeiro, Jean-Marc Dumonceau, Marc Giovannini, Tibor Gyokeres, Michael Hafner, Jorma Halttunen, Cesare Hassan, Luis Lopes, Ioannis S Papanikolaou, Tony C Tham, Andrea Tringali, Jeanin van Hooft, Earl J Williams
This Guideline is an official statement of the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE). It provides practical advice on how to achieve successful cannulation and sphincterotomy at minimum risk to the patient. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system was adopted to define the strength of recommendations and the quality of evidence. Main recommendations 1 ESGE suggests that difficult biliary cannulation is defined by the presence of one or more of the following: more than 5 contacts with the papilla whilst attempting to cannulate; more than 5 minutes spent attempting to cannulate following visualization of the papilla; more than one unintended pancreatic duct cannulation or opacification (low quality evidence, weak recommendation)...
July 2016: Endoscopy
Yuka Kagaya, Hirotsugu Sakamoto, Hironori Yamamoto
Diagnosis of small-bowel cancer has become easier thanks to the development of both balloon-assisted endoscopy and capsule endoscopy. Balloon-assisted endoscopy allows not only for observation of the deep intestine but also for biopsies and for establishing a histological diagnosis. Although endoscopic diagnosis is reported to improve the prognosis of small-bowel cancer by early detection, it is still difficult and the prognosis in general is poor. Surgery and chemotherapy protocols for this disease are similar to those for colon cancer...
May 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Razvan Iacob, Anca Dimitriu, Oana Stanciulea, Vlad Herlea, Irinel Popescu, Cristian Gheorghe
We present the case of a 63-year-old man that was admitted for melena and severe anemia. Upper GI endoscopy and colonoscopy failed to identify the lesion responsible for bleeding, and enteroCT scan was also non-contributive to the diagnosis. Capsule endoscopy indicated possible jejunal bleeding but could not indicate the source of bleeding, recommending anterograde enteroscopy. Single balloon enteroscopy identified a 2 cm submucosal tumour in the distal part of the jejunum, with a macroscopic appearance suggesting a gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST)...
March 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
Badr Al-Bawardy, Emmanuel C Gorospe, Jeffrey A Alexander, David H Bruining, Nayantara Coelho-Prabhu, Elizabeth Rajan, Louis M Wong Kee Song
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: In a large series, conventional direct percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy (DPEJ) tube placement with push endoscopes failed in approximately one-third of patients. In a pilot study, double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE)-assisted DPEJ tube placement was successful in all patients in whom attempted conventional DPEJ had failed. The study aim was to assess the technical success of and adverse events related to DBE-DPEJ tube placement in a large cohort of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical records of all patients who underwent DBE-DPEJ tube placement between July 2010 and November 2013 were reviewed using a prospectively maintained electronic database...
June 2016: Endoscopy
Marija Stojkovic, Thomas Junghanss, Mira Veeser, Tim F Weber, Peter Sauer
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Biliary vessel pathology due to alveolar echicococcosis (AE) results in variable combinations of stenosis, necrosis and inflammation. Modern management strategies for patients with cholestasis are desperately needed. The aim is proof of principle of serial ERC (endoscopic retrograde cholangiography) balloon dilation for AE biliary pathology. METHODS: Retrospective case series of seven consecutive patients with AE-associated biliary pathology and ERC treatment in an interdisciplinary endoscopy unit at a University Hospital which hosts a national echinococcosis treatment center...
February 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Toshihiro Inokuchi, Jun Kato, Sakiko Hiraoka, Shiho Takashima, Asuka Nakarai, Daisuke Takei, Yuusaku Sugihara, Masahiro Takahara, Seiji Kawano, Keita Harada, Hiroyuki Okada
BACKGROUND: Mucosal healing (MH) has been proposed as a treatment goal of inflammatory bowel disease patients. We reported recently that not only fecal calprotectin (Fcal) but also the fecal immunochemical test (FIT) can predict MH in ulcerative colitis. However, the predictive power of the fecal markers for MH in Crohn's disease (CD), particularly with small bowel lesions, has not been reported in detail. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictability of FIT versus Fcal for MH in CD...
May 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Enrique Pérez-Cuadrado Robles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Darin L Dufault, Andrew S Brock
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Retrograde single-balloon enteroscopy (RSBE) facilitates evaluation of the distal small bowel and provision of appropriate therapy when necessary. Intubation of the terminal ileum (TI) is a major rate-limiting step, with failure rates as high as 30 %. Cap-assisted endoscopy has proven beneficial in other aspects of endoscopy. We have noticed that it similarly aids in TI intubation during RSBE by facilitating opening of the ileocecal valve (ICV). The primary aim of this study was to measure the TI intubation rate using cap-assisted RSBE...
February 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Marianny Sulbaran, Eduardo de Moura, Wanderley Bernardo, Cintia Morais, Joel Oliveira, Leonardo Bustamante-Lopez, Paulo Sakai, Klaus Mönkemüller, Adriana Safatle-Ribeiro
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Several studies have evaluated the utility of double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) and capsule endoscopy (CE) for patients with small-bowel disease showing inconsistent results. The aim of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of overtube-assisted enteroscopy (OAE) as well as the diagnostic concordance between OAE and CE for small-bowel polyps and tumors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies in which the results of OAE were compared with the results of CE for the evaluation of small-bowel polyps and tumors...
February 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Shohei Ooka, Kiyonori Kobayashi, Kana Kawagishi, Masaru Kodo, Kaoru Yokoyama, Miwa Sada, Satoshi Tanabe, Wasaburo Koizumi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The diagnostic algorithms used for selecting patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) for capsule endoscopy (CE) or balloon-assisted enteroscopy (BE) vary among facilities. We aimed to demonstrate the appropriate selection criteria of CE and single balloon-assisted enteroscopy (SBE) for patients with OGIB according to their conditions, by retrospectively comparing the diagnostic performances of CE and BE for detecting the source of the OGIB. METHODS: We investigated 194 patients who underwent CE and/or BE...
January 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
Seong Ran Jeon, Jin-Oh Kim
Portal hypertensive enteropathy (PHE) is a mucosal abnormality of the small bowel that is observed in patients with portal hypertension (PH) and can lead to gastrointestinal bleeding and anemia. The pathogenesis is still not completely understood. The introduction of new endoscopic methods, including capsule endoscopy (CE) or balloon-assisted enteroscopy, has increased the detection of these abnormalities. CE can also serve as a road map for deciding subsequent interventions and evaluating the treatment effect...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Jeppe Thue Jensen, Pernille Hornslet, Lars Konge, Ann Merete Møller, Peter Vilmann
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Whereas data on moderate nurse-administered propofol sedation (NAPS) efficacy and safety for standard endoscopy is abundant, few reports on the use of deep sedation by endoscopy nurses during advanced endoscopy, such as Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS) are available and potential benefits or hazards remain unclear. The aims of this study were to investigate the efficacy of intermittent deep sedation with propofol for a large cohort of advanced endoscopies and to provide data on the safety...
January 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Ashok Shiani, Javier Nieves, Seth Lipka, Brijesh Patel, Ambuj Kumar, Patrick Brady
INTRODUCTION: In patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OBGIB) capsule endoscopy (CE) is the initial diagnostic procedure of choice. Often patients undergo single balloon enteroscopy (SBE) with both diagnostic and therapeutic intention after CE. Although SBE offers a therapeutic benefit, long procedure times, complexity, and invasiveness are drawbacks. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic correlation between these two modalities after an initial positive CE finding. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 418 patients who underwent CE at our institution from January 2010 to May 2014...
January 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
Suryaprakash Bhandari, Rajesh Bathini, Atul Sharma, Amit Maydeo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: ERCP is an established technique for the management of bile duct stones. Large bile duct stones (>1.2 cm) require additional techniques such as mechanical lithotripsy and balloon sphincteroplasty for ductal clearance. The literature on endoscopic management of cystic duct stones (CDSs) and Mirizzi syndrome (MS) is limited. We report our experience with cholangioscopy-assisted extraction of CDSs and MS in patients in whom conventional endoscopic and surgical techniques failed...
July 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
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