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Appropriateness criterion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546369/the-utility-of-sonographic-assessment-in-selecting-patients-for-percutaneous-insertion-of-peritoneal-dialysis-catheter
#1
Renuka Shanmugalingam, Angela Makris, Hicham Hassan, Yan Li, Imelda DeGuzman, Hareeshan Nandakoban, Ananthakrishnapuram Aravindan, Govind Narayanan, Jeffrey Wong
♦Background: Percutaneous insertion of peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheters by nephrologists is a safe and effective alternative to open surgical techniques. These patients are usually carefully selected due to anatomical considerations and medical comorbidities, with the current literature suggesting exclusion of patients with prior abdominal surgery. ♦ Method: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of pre-dialysis patients who attended a preprocedural clinic in a tertiary center over 6 years. Procedural complications and catheter survival were assessed...
May 25, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545196/comparison-of-cox-regression-and-parametric-models-application-for-assessment-of-survival-of-pediatric-cases-of-acute-leukemia-in-southern-iran
#2
Saeed Hosseini Teshnizi, Seyyed Mohammad Taghi Ayatollahi
Background: Finding the most appropriate regression model for survival data in cancer casesin order to determine prognosis is an important issue in medical research. Here we compare Cox and parametric regression models regarding survival of children with acute leukemia in southern Iran. Methods: In a retrospective cohort study, information for 197 children with acute leukemia over 6 years was collected through observation and interviews. In order to identify factors affecting their survival, the Cox and parametric (exponential, Weibull, log-logistic, log-normal, Gompertz and generalized gamma) models were fitted to the data...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544593/performance-of-anti-nuclear-antibodies-for-classifying-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-regression-of-diagnostic-data
#3
Nicolai Leuchten, Annika Hoyer, Ralph Brinks, Monika Schoels, Matthias Schneider, Josef Smolen, Sindhu R Johnson, David Daikh, Thomas Dörner, Martin Aringer, George Bertsias
OBJECTIVE: To review the published literature on the performance of indirect immunofluorescence (IIF)-HEp-2 ANA testing for classification of SLE. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in the MEDLINE, EMBASE and COCHRANE databases for articles published between January 1990 and October 2015. The research question was structured according to PICO (Population, Intervention, Comparator, Outcome) format rules, and PRISMA recommendations were followed where appropriate...
May 23, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544188/novel-tool-for-deprescribing-in-chronic-patients-with-multimorbidity-list-of-evidence-based-deprescribing-for-chronic-patients-criteria
#4
Aitana Rodríguez-Pérez, Eva Rocío Alfaro-Lara, Sandra Albiñana-Perez, María Dolores Nieto-Martín, Jesús Díez-Manglano, Concepción Pérez-Guerrero, Bernardo Santos-Ramos
AIM: To create a tool to identify drugs and clinical situations that offers an opportunity of deprescribing in patients with multimorbidity. METHODS: A literature review completed with electronic brainstorming, and subsequently, a panel of experts using the Delphi methodology were applied. The experts assessed the criteria identified in the literature and brainstorming as possible situations for deprescribing. They were also asked to assess the influence of life prognosis in each criterion...
May 21, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543184/a-systematic-review-of-patient-reported-measures-associated-with-vestibular-dysfunction
#5
REVIEW
Vicky M Stewart, M Dilani Mendis, Nancy Low Choy
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Use of clinical questionnaires to assist in the screening of vestibular disorders in the acute hospital setting is needed. The objective is to detail the clinimetric properties and clinical utility of patient-reported questionnaires for quantifying dizziness/vertigo symptoms associated with vestibular dysfunction, and to determine validity and utility for screening dizziness/vertigo in the emergency department. DATA SOURCES: We performed a systematic review of PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, and Web of Science in May 2015...
May 23, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538607/evaluation-of-highest-level-pediatric-trauma-activation-criteria
#6
Jessica A Zagory, Minna M Wieck, Brooke E Lerner, Suzanne Moody, Richard A Falcone, Rita V Burke
BACKGROUND: Despite the presence of a tiered in-hospital trauma triage system for the past decade, trauma centers still struggle with a definitive list of highest level activation criteria. In 2002, the American College of Surgeons (ACS) mandated 6 criteria for highest level activation. However, it is unknown if pediatric trauma centers follow these criteria. The purpose of this study is to identify and categorize the highest level pediatric trauma criteria used by pediatric trauma centers in the United States...
May 23, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538002/the-cancer-worry-scale-revised-for-breast-cancer-genetic-counseling
#7
Anita Caruso, Cristina Vigna, Paola Gremigni
BACKGROUND: The Cancer Worry Scale was revised to be used in breast cancer genetic counseling (CWS-GC). This scale is used to identify dimensions that are relevant in the genetic counseling context, such as worry about developing breast cancer, impact of worries on daily life, and risk perception in women attending a counseling session for BRCA1/2 mutations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the psychometric properties of the CWS-GC in a sample of Italian women...
May 19, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528756/necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-low-birth-weight-infants-in-china-mortality-risk-factors-expressed-by-birth-weight-categories
#8
Tian Qian, Rong Zhang, Li Zhu, Peng Shi, Jie Yang, Chang-Yi Yang, Dong-Mei Chen, Jing-Yun Shi, Xiao-Guang Zhou, Yin-Ping Qiu, Yong Yang, Ling He, Shao-Ru He, Yun-Tao Cao, Qiu-Fen Wei, Manoj Kumar, Chao Chen
BACKGROUND: We retrospectively investigated incidence, morbidity, and mortality of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis in China, with special emphasis on determining the predictors of necrotizing enterocolitis associated mortality. METHODS: We identified neonates as having necrotizing enterocolitis if they met the accepted diagnostic criterion. Data pertaining to antenatal period, labor and birth, and the postnatal course of illness were collected. Multivariate analysis and logistic regression were used to analyze the risk factors...
April 12, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525928/-indicators-for-speech-comprehension-in-migrant-children-a-comparison-of-extreme-groups
#9
Christiane Kiese-Himmel, Herbert Poinstingl, Nicole von Steinbüchel
Objective Children with migrant background learning German as second language are frequently considered having problems in speech comprehension and speaking; nevertheless, it is very difficult to objectify that for young children. For this purpose risk-factors should be determined empirically. Material and Methods The study comprised 126 children from a developmental longitudinal study in 7 day-care centers in Frankfurt/M and Darmstadt. The sample was sorted into two extreme groups by their achievement in oral German language comprehension: criterion T-score ≥46=age appropriate (N=61) vs...
May 19, 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508131/muscle-wasting-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#10
Eduardo A Oliveira, Wai W Cheung, Kalodiah G Toma, Robert H Mak
Loss of lean body mass is a relevant component of the cachexia, or protein energy wasting (PEW), syndrome. Reduced muscle mass seems to be the most solid criterion for the presence of cachexia/PEW in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and those with greater muscle mass loss have a higher risk of death. Children with CKD have many risk factors for lean mass and muscle wasting, including poor appetite, inflammation, growth hormone resistance, and metabolic acidosis. Mortality risks in patients with CKD increases as body mass index (BMI) and weight decreases...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506544/development-of-the-vanderbilt-assessment-for-delirium-in-infants-and-children-to-standardize-pediatric-delirium-assessment-by-psychiatrists
#11
REVIEW
Maalobeeka Gangopadhyay, Heidi Smith, Maryland Pao, Gabrielle Silver, Deepmala Deepmala, Claire De Souza, Georgina Garcia, Lisa Giles, Danica Denton, Natalie Jacobowski, Pratik Pandharipande, Catherine Fuchs
BACKGROUND: Pediatric delirium assessment is complicated by variations in baseline language and cognitive skills, impairment during illness, and absence of pediatric-specific modifiers within the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders delirium criterion. OBJECTIVE: To develop a standardized approach to pediatric delirium assessment by psychiatrists. METHODS: A multidisciplinary group of clinicians used Diagnostic and Statistical Manual criterion as the foundation for the Vanderbilt Assessment for Delirium in Infants and Children (VADIC)...
March 15, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504952/exponential-synchronization-of-networked-chaotic-delayed-neural-network-by-a-hybrid-event-trigger-scheme
#12
Zhongyang Fei, Chaoxu Guan, Huijun Gao
This paper is concerned with the exponential synchronization for master-slave chaotic delayed neural network with event trigger control scheme. The model is established on a network control framework, where both external disturbance and network-induced delay are taken into consideration. The desired aim is to synchronize the master and slave systems with limited communication capacity and network bandwidth. In order to save the network resource, we adopt a hybrid event trigger approach, which not only reduces the data package sending out, but also gets rid of the Zeno phenomenon...
May 12, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501990/tumor-staging-and-grading-a-primer
#13
Stacy M Telloni
Cancer staging and grading are used to predict the clinical behavior of malignancies, establish appropriate therapies, and facilitate exchange of precise information between clinicians. The internationally accepted criterion for cancer staging, the tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) system, includes: (1) tumor size and local growth (T), (2) extent of lymph node metastases (N), and (3) occurrence of distant metastases (M). Clinical stage is established before initiation of therapy and is determined by physical examination, laboratory findings, and imaging studies...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501400/the-genetics-of-antibody-response-to-paratuberculosis-in-dairy-cattle
#14
T Pritchard, R Mrode, M Coffey, K Bond, E Wall
Genetic parameters were estimated for antibody response to paratuberculosis (Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis) using milk ELISA test results, collected and analyzed by National Milk Records, from Holstein Friesian cows on UK dairy farms in their first 3 lactations. Milk ELISA test results were obtained from 2007 to 2012 and combined with milk recording data and pedigree information. The reduced data set edited for the purposes of genetic parameter estimation consisted of 148,054 milk ELISA records from 64,645 lactations in 40,142 cows of 908 sires, recorded in 641 herds...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499368/measuring-mental-well-being-in-norway-validation-of-the-warwick-edinburgh-mental-well-being-scale-wemwbs
#15
Otto R F Smith, Daniele E Alves, Marit Knapstad, Ellen Haug, Leif E Aarø
BACKGROUND: Mental well-being is an important, yet understudied, area of research, partly due to lack of appropriate population-based measures. The Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS) was developed to meet the needs for such a measure. This article assesses the psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of the WEMWBS, and its short-version (SWEMWBS) among a sample of primary health care patients who participated in the evaluation of Prompt Mental Health Care (PMHC), a novel Norwegian mental health care program aimed to increase access to treatment for anxiety and depression...
May 12, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483309/current-knowledge-and-management-of-hypersensitivity-to-aspirin-and-nsaids
#16
Tanya M Laidlaw, Katherine N Cahill
Aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are some of the most common culprits of drug-induced hypersensitivity reactions, and can lead to a wide array of adverse effects. The accurate and timely diagnosis of aspirin and NSAID-induced hypersensitivity reactions is important for both patient safety and for the initiation of appropriate disease-specific management and treatment. Because there are no reliably validated in vitro tests available, aspirin and NSAID challenges are considered to be the criterion standard for the diagnosis of these hypersensitivity reactions, though in some patients the diagnosis can be made on the basis of a clear clinical history...
May 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478853/psychometric-properties-of-the-modified-breast-cancer-screening-beliefs-questionnaire-among-mainland-chinese-women
#17
Yingyi Bao, Cannas Kwok, Chun Fan Lee
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to report the psychometric properties of the modified 'Breast Cancer Screening Beliefs Questionnaire' (BCSBQ) among women living in China. METHODS: A convenience sample of 494 women was recruited from community centres and out-patient clinics in Foshan city. Cronbach's alpha was used to assess internal consistency reliability. Criterion validity was examined by testing three pre-specified hypotheses and confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to study the factor structure...
June 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473848/memetic-differential-evolution-with-an-improved-contraction-criterion
#18
Lei Peng, Yanyun Zhang, Guangming Dai, Maocai Wang
Memetic algorithms with an appropriate trade-off between the exploration and exploitation can obtain very good results in continuous optimization. In this paper, we present an improved memetic differential evolution algorithm for solving global optimization problems. The proposed approach, called memetic DE (MDE), hybridizes differential evolution (DE) with a local search (LS) operator and periodic reinitialization to balance the exploration and exploitation. A new contraction criterion, which is based on the improved maximum distance in objective space, is proposed to decide when the local search starts...
2017: Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463922/ultrasound-screening-for-posterior-shoulder-dislocation-in-infants-with-persistent-brachial-plexus-birth-palsy
#19
Andrea S Bauer, Justin F Lucas, Nasser Heyrani, Ryan L Anderson, Leslie A Kalish, Michelle A James
BACKGROUND: Early detection of posterior shoulder dislocation in infants with brachial plexus birth palsy (BPBP) is essential, but it may be difficult to accomplish with physical examination alone. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of shoulder dislocation in patients with BPBP using ultrasound and to identify which physical examination measurements correlated most with dislocation in these patients. METHODS: This study was a retrospective review of data obtained in an ultrasound screening program of infants with BPBP born from January 2011 to April 2014...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463197/a-multi-objective-decision-making-approach-for-solving-the-image-segmentation-fusion-problem
#20
Lazhar Khelifi, Max Mignotte
Image segmentation fusion is defined as the set of methods which aim at merging several image segmentations, in a manner that takes full advantage of the complementarity of each one. Previous relevant researches in this field have been impeded by the difficulty in identifying an appropriate single segmentation fusion criterion, providing the best possible, i.e., the more informative, result of fusion. In this paper, we propose a new model of image segmentation fusion based on multi-objective optimization which can mitigate this problem, to obtain a final improved result of segmentation...
April 28, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
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