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Appropriateness criterion

Ilhem Guesmi-Mzoughi, Antonio Archidona-Yuste, Carolina Cantalapiedra-Navarrete, Hajer Regaieg, Najet Horrigue-Raouani, Juan E Palomares-Rius, Pablo Castillo
Spiral nematode species of the genus Rotylenchus have been reported on olive (Olea europaea L.) in several Mediterranean countries (Castillo et al., 2010; Ali et al., 2014). Nematological surveys for plant-parasitic nematodes on olive trees were carried out in Tunisia between 2013 and 2014, and two nematode species of Rotylenchus were collected from the rhizosphere of olive cv. Chemlali in several localities of Tunisia (Tables 1,2 [Table: see text] [Table: see text] ). Twenty-two soil samples of 3 to 4 kg were collected with a shovel from the upper 50 cm of soil from arbitrarily chosen olive trees...
September 2016: Journal of Nematology
Mansi Manish Oswal, Ulhas N Amasi, Manish S Oswal, Ashish S Bhagat
PURPOSE: Clinical success of implant prosthodontics is dependent in part upon the type of implant thread design. The selection of implant thread design plays an important role in the outcome of the treatment. This study was undertaken to evaluate the pattern of stress distribution using a finite element analysis; hence, the area which would be bearing maximum load for a given design would be arrived. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three implants with different thread designs, namely V-thread, buttress, and reverse buttress thread designs were considered and dimensions were standardized...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Osmar A Cuoghi, Francielle Topolski, Lorraine P de Faria, Marcos R de Mendonça
AIM: To evaluate the correlation between pain and tissue damage in response to orthodontic tooth movement (OTM), such as hyalinization and external apical root resorption (EARR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The literature review was used as a methodological strategy, following the knowledge development process - constructivist (ProKnow-C). Study axes were defined and keywords that best represented each axis were selected. The terms were submitted to an adherence test and validation, resulting in 12 keyword combinations...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Fei-Fei Huang, Qing Yang, Xuan Ye Han, Jing-Ping Zhang, Ting Lin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a Self-Efficacy Scale for Rehabilitation Management designed specifically for postoperative lung cancer patients (SESPRM-LC), and to evaluate its psychometric properties. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Based on the concept of self-management of chronic disease, items were developed from literature review and semi-structured interviews of 10 lung cancer patients and screened by expert consultation and pilot testing. Psychometric evaluation was done with 448 postoperative lung cancer patients recruited from five tertiary hospitals in Fuzhou, China, by incorporating classical test theory (CTT) and item response theory (IRT) methods...
October 10, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Ahmed Allam, Peter J Schulz, Michael Krauthammer
BACKGROUND: As the Internet becomes the number one destination for obtaining health-related information, there is an increasing need to identify health Web pages that convey an accurate and current view of medical knowledge. In response, the research community has created multicriteria instruments for reliably assessing online medical information quality. One such instrument is DISCERN, which measures health Web page quality by assessing an array of features. In order to scale up use of the instrument, there is interest in automating the quality evaluation process by building machine learning (ML)-based DISCERN Web page classifiers...
October 5, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
Salene M W Jones, Jane Lange, Judith Turner, Dan Cherkin, Cheryl Ritenbaugh, Clarissa Hsu, Heidi Berthoud, Karen Sherman
BACKGROUND: Patient expectations may be associated with outcomes of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatments for chronic pain. However, a psychometrically sound measure of such expectations is needed. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a questionnaire to assess individuals' expectations regarding outcomes of CAM treatments for chronic low back pain (CLBP), as well as a short form of the questionnaire. METHODS: An 18-item draft questionnaire was developed through literature review, cognitive interviews with individuals with CLBP, CAM practitioners, and expert consultation...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Tuba Esatbeyoglu, Gerald Rimbach
The aim of this review is to summarize the relevant literature about the use of canthaxanthin in food science and nutrition research. Canthaxanthin is a red-orange carotenoid that belongs to the xanthophyll group. This naturally occurring pigment is present in bacteria, algae and some fungi. Canthaxanthin is also responsible for the color of flamingo feathers, koi carp skin and crustacean shells. Canthaxanthin is widely used in poultry (broiler, laying hens) as a feed additive. Canthaxanthin can be obtained by total synthesis...
September 30, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
W Reith, C Kraus, N Harsch
CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: Vasculitis is a rare cause of diseases of the central nervous system (CNS). Vasculitis can be divided into primary and secondary forms, of which the vast majority can be manifested in various organ systems, including the CNS. Isolated vasculitis of the CNS is limited to the CNS and clinical neurological symptoms as with the other forms of vasculitis, are headaches, encephalopathy, focal deficits and seizures. A criterion of isolated CNS vasculitis is the clinical and laboratory diagnostic exclusion of other forms of vasculitis and the involvement of other organ systems...
October 2016: Der Radiologe
Patricia Ribinik, Ahcene Aimar, Antoinette Ngonde Njoh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the interest of social insurance preliminary agreement to enter PRM ward for patients after orthopedic surgery in Gonesse hospital. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 01/01/15 to 06/30/15 went to PRM ward (inpatient or day hospital rehabilitation) 16 patients after TKA, 20 patients including 3 femoral neck fracture after THA, 3 patients after anterior cruciate knee ligamentoplasty and 3 patients with cuff tear surgery. At entrance, we assess patient's pain, mobility, personal and environmental factors upon Sofmer-Fedmer, MSAP and HAS standards...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Valérie Zimmermann, Mélanie Porte, Karine Patte
OBJECTIVE: There is no consensus on the question of pain induced by injections of botulinum toxin in children. The objective of this study is the evaluation of our practice as well as the resources, which are employed to relieve children, in order to improve a better management of pain. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a six month prospective observational monocentric study. The consent was obtained for each child. The main criterion was the hetero-evaluation of injection related pain with the modified scale FLACC...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Jae-Myung Shin, Chena Lee, Jo-Eun Kim, Kyung-Hoe Huh, Won-Jin Yi, Min-Suk Heo, Soon-Chul Choi, Sam-Sun Lee
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate appropriate contrast reference values (CRVs) by comparing the contrast in phantom and clinical images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Phantom contrast was measured using two methods: (1) counting the number of visible pits of different depths in an aluminum plate, and (2) obtaining the contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) for 5 tissue-equivalent materials (porcelain, aluminum, polytetrafluoroethylene [PTFE], polyoxymethylene [POM], and polymethylmethacrylate [PMMA])...
September 2016: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Frank M Drop, Daan M Pool, Marinus M van Paassen, Max Mulder, Heinrich H Bulthoff
Realistic manual control tasks typically involve predictable target signals and random disturbances. The human controller (HC) is hypothesized to use a feedforward control strategy for target-following, in addition to feedback control for disturbance-rejection. Little is known about human feedforward control, partly because common system identification methods have difficulty in identifying whether, and (if so) how, the HC applies a feedforward strategy. In this paper, an identification procedure is presented that aims at an objective model selection for identifying the human feedforward response, using linear time-invariant autoregressive with exogenous input models...
September 19, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
Sushil Tamrakar, Jessica Henley, Patrick L Gurian, Charles P Gerba, Jade Mitchell, Kyle Enger, Joan B Rose
AIMS: The goal of this study was to explore various models for describing viral persistence (infectivity) on fomites and identify the best fit models. METHODS AND RESULTS: The persistence of poliovirus over time was studied on three different fomite materials: steel, cotton, and plastic. Known concentrations of poliovirus type 1 were applied to the surface coupons in an indoor environment for various lengths of time. Viruses were recovered from the surfaces by vortexing in phosphate buffer...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Microbiology
Yuanyang Zhang, Tie Bo Wu, Bernie J Daigle, Mitchell Cohen, Linda Petzold
BACKGROUND: Trauma is the leading cause of death between the ages of 1 to 44 in the United States. Blood loss is the primary cause of these deaths. The discrimination of states through which patients transition would be helpful in understanding the disease process, and in identification of critical states and appropriate interventions. Even though these states are strongly associated with patients' blood composition data, there has not been a way to directly identify them. Statistical tools such as hidden Markov models can be used to infer the discrete latent states from the blood composition data...
2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Zhishen Wang, Yong Li, Weishen Zhu, Yiguo Xue, Song Yu
Vertical splitting cracks often appear in side walls of large-scale underground caverns during excavations owing to the brittle characteristics of surrounding rock mass, especially under the conditions of high in situ stress and great overburden depth. This phenomenon greatly affects the integral safety and stability of the underground caverns. In this paper, a transverse isotropic constitutive model and a splitting failure criterion are simultaneously proposed and secondly programmed in FLAC3D to numerically simulate the integral stability of the underground caverns during excavations in Dagangshan hydropower station in Sichuan province, China...
2016: SpringerPlus
F Saillour-Glénisson, S Domecq, M Kret, M Sibe, J P Dumond, P Michel
BACKGROUND: Although many organizational culture questionnaires have been developed, there is a lack of any validated multidimensional questionnaire assessing organizational culture at hospital ward level and adapted to health care context. Facing the lack of an appropriate tool, a multidisciplinary team designed and validated a dimensional organizational culture questionnaire for healthcare settings to be administered at ward level. METHODS: A database of organizational culture items and themes was created after extensive literature review...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Júlio César Camargo Alves, Cecília Segabinazi Peserico, Geraldo Angelo Nogueira, Fabiana Andrade Machado
Few studies verified the reliability of the lactate threshold determined by Dmax method (LTDmax) in runners and it remains unclear the effect of the regression model and the final speed on the reliability of LTDmax. This study aimed to examine the test-retest reliability of the speed at LTDmax in runners, considering the effects of the regression models (exponential-plus-constant vs third-order polynomial) and final speed criteria (complete vs proportional). Seventeen male, recreational runners performed 2 identical incremental exercise tests, with increments of 1 km·h(-1) each for 3 min on treadmill to determine peak treadmill speed (Vpeak) and lactate threshold...
October 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Hau-Tieng Wu, Gregory F Lewis, Maria I Davila, Ingrid Daubechies, Stephen W Porges
BACKGROUND: With recent advances in sensor and computer technologies, the ability to monitor peripheral pulse activity is no longer limited to the laboratory and clinic. Now inexpensive sensors, which interface with smartphones or other computer-based devices, are expanding into the consumer market. When appropriate algorithms are applied, these new technologies enable ambulatory monitoring of dynamic physiological responses outside the clinic in a variety of applications including monitoring fatigue, health, workload, fitness, and rehabilitation...
October 17, 2016: Methods of Information in Medicine
Emily S Jentes, R Ryan Lash, Michael A Johansson, Tyler M Sharp, Ronnie Henry, Oliver J Brady, Mark J Sotir, Simon I Hay, Harold S Margolis, Gary W Brunette
BACKGROUND: International travel can expose travellers to pathogens not commonly found in their countries of residence, like dengue virus. Travellers and the clinicians who advise and treat them have unique needs for understanding the geographic extent of risk for dengue. Specifically, they should assess the need for prevention measures before travel and ensure appropriate treatment of illness post-travel. Previous dengue-risk maps published in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Yellow Book lacked specificity, as there was a binary (risk, no risk) classification...
June 2016: Journal of Travel Medicine
Jun Lu, Wei Wang, Chao-Hui Zheng, Cheng Fang, Ping Li, Jian-Wei Xie, Jia-Bin Wang, Jian-Xian Lin, Qi-Yue Chen, Long-Long Cao, Mi Lin, Chang-Ming Huang, Zhi-Wei Zhou
BACKGROUND: Although current guidelines suggest that 16 or more lymph nodes (LNs) are required for the appropriate staging of gastric cancer, the effect that the minimum number of examined LNs (eLNs) in the different types of gastrectomy has on survival remains unclear. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed 2662 patients who underwent curative gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy for gastric cancer at Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from January 2000 to December 2010 and randomly divided them into development (70 %, n = 1863) and validation (30 %, n = 799) data sets...
September 12, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
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