keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Anesthesia research

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908296/sonographically-guided-plantaris-tendon-release-a-cadaveric-validation-study
#1
Jay Smith, Håkan Alfredson, Lorenzo Masci, Jacob L Sellon, Charonn D Woods
BACKGROUND: The plantaris tendon (PT) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of symptoms in a subset of patients with Achilles region pain syndromes and has been traditionally managed via open surgical resection. Although the PT can be visualized on ultrasound, a minimally invasive technique for sonographically guided PT release has not been formally described. OBJECTIVE: To validate a technique to perform sonographically guided PT release in an unembalmed cadaveric model...
June 13, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906400/developing-a-3d-gestural-interface-for-anesthesia-related-human-computer-interaction-tasks-using-both-experts-and-novices
#2
Katherina A Jurewicz, David M Neyens, Ken Catchpole, Scott T Reeves
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research was to compare gesture-function mappings for experts and novices using a 3D, vision-based, gestural input system when exposed to the same context of anesthesia tasks in the operating room (OR). BACKGROUND: 3D, vision-based, gestural input systems can serve as a natural way to interact with computers and are potentially useful in sterile environments (e.g., ORs) to limit the spread of bacteria. Anesthesia providers' hands have been linked to bacterial transfer in the OR, but a gestural input system for anesthetic tasks has not been investigated...
June 1, 2018: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905618/repeated-measures-designs-and-analysis-of-longitudinal-data-if-at-first-you-do-not-succeed-try-try-again
#3
Patrick Schober, Thomas R Vetter
Anesthesia, critical care, perioperative, and pain research often involves study designs in which the same outcome variable is repeatedly measured or observed over time on the same patients. Such repeatedly measured data are referred to as longitudinal data, and longitudinal study designs are commonly used to investigate changes in an outcome over time and to compare these changes among treatment groups. From a statistical perspective, longitudinal studies usually increase the precision of estimated treatment effects, thus increasing the power to detect such effects...
June 12, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902418/propofol-versus-remifentanil-which-one-is-more-effective-in-reducing-blood-loss-during-orthognathic-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Majid Eshghpour, Sahand Samieirad, Alireza Sharifian Attar, Hamed Kermani, Sadaf Seddigh
PURPOSE: Propofol and remifentanil are 2 useful drugs used in induced hypotensive anesthesia. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of these drugs on intraoperative blood loss, transfusion requirements, and hemodynamic status during standardized orthognathic surgical procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this double-blind randomized clinical trial, 50 consecutive healthy patients with Class III skeletal deformity were candidates for bimaxillary orthognathic surgery at Qaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences (Mashhad, Iran), from November 2016 until December 2017...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901538/concurrent-and-overlapping-surgery-perspectives-from-parents-of-adolescents-undergoing-spinal-posterior-instrumented-fusion-for-idiopathic-scoliosis
#5
Jessica Bryant, Alexander Markes, Tiana Woolridge, Dede Cerruti, Elizabeth Dzeng, Barbara Koenig, Mohammad Diab
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional survey. OBJECTIVE: To determine the perspectives of parents of patients undergoing posterior instrumented fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) regarding simultaneous surgery and trainee participation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Simultaneous ("at the same time") surgery is under scrutiny by the public, government, payers and the medical community. The objective of this study is to determine the perspectives of parents of patients undergoing posterior instrumented fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis...
June 12, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898239/a-novel-balloon-technique-to-induce-intra-abdominal-hypertension-and-its-effects-on-cardiovascular-parameters-in-a-conscious-dog-model
#6
Min Jang, Won-Gyun Son, Sang-Min Jo, Hyunseok Kim, Chi Won Shin, Inhyung Lee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a new balloon technique to induce intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome in a conscious dog model, and to evaluate the effect of intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) on cardiovascular, respiratory, and arterial blood gas values in conscious dogs with IAH. DESIGN: Prospective, experimental study. SETTING: University-based small animal research facility. ANIMALS: Six healthy Beagle dogs, 4 males, and 2 females...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887581/utility-of-arterial-blood-gas-cbc-biochemistry-and-cardiac-hormones-as-evaluation-parameters-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-nonhuman-primates
#7
Shunya Nakayama, Hiroshi Koie, Kiichi Kanayama, Yuko Katakai, Yasuyo Ito-Fujishiro, Tadashi Sankai, Yasuhiro Yasutomi, Naohide Ageyama
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has a tremendous impact on the quality of life of humans. While experimental animals are valuable to medical research as models of human diseases, cardiac systems differ widely across various animal species. Thus, we examined a CVD model in cynomolgus monkeys. Laboratory primates are precious resources, making it imperative that symptoms of diseases and disorders are detected as early as possible. Thus, in this study we comprehensively examined important indicators of CVD in cynomolgus monkeys, including arterial blood gas, complete blood count (CBC), biochemistry, and cardiac hormones...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886702/-study-on-the-first-translated-obstetrics-book-tai-chan-ju-yao-essentials-in-obstetrics
#8
M Wu
In 1893, Wan Tsun-mo translated and published Tai chan ju yao ( Essentials in Obstetrics ), the first monograph of western obstetrics in modern China, symbolizing the independence of obstetrics from such maternal and child books as Fu ying xin shuo and Fu ke jing yun tu shuo , which occupies an important position in the history of the development of modern Chinese obstetrics. The book introduced anatomy, physiology, pathology, embryology, diagnostics, surgery, pharmacology and other knowledge of obstetrics in a catechismal form, and had a detailed discussion of such advanced obstetrical technologies as antiseptic, anesthesia, forceps and cesarean section for the first time...
January 28, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882494/an-improved-technique-for-obtaining-accurate-and-precise-morphometric-data-on-snakes
#9
Tein-Shun Tsai, Zi-Yu Chen, Chin-Hsiu Lin, Yi-Wen Yeh
Morphometric measurements are basic but essential data in morphological and ecological research. It is thus beneficial to develop a safe, convenient, multipurpose device/technique to determine body length and physical characteristics of living snakes with high accuracy/precision and low stress, and to enable the probing of snakes and collection of tissue samples. To meet these requirements, we developed an improved technique, which we named the Confining-Box Method (CBM). On measuring the body lengths of a total of 72 live snakes, we found significant differences in the accuracy and precision of measurements among the squeeze-box method, the anesthesia method, and the CBM, as well as between vertebral line and the mid-ventral line measurements...
June 2018: Zoological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875086/dental-home-visits-for-caries-prevention-among-preschool-children-protocol-for-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-on-a-randomized-control-trial
#10
Niekla Survia Andiesta, Maimunah A Hamid, Kkc Lee, Allan Pau
BACKGROUND: In 2012, nearly 4000 children in Malaysia were referred to hospital pediatric dental services due to dental caries. Recent research has reported the effectiveness of dental home visits in preventing caries development in young children. Dental home visits (DHVs) are described as an ongoing relationship between the dentist and their patients, providing all aspects of a preventive oral health care program in the presence of the parents at home. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of dental home visits and oral health information, in the form of educational leaflets, in preventing new caries development in young children, compared to those receiving only educational leaflets over a period of two years...
June 6, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871729/sbar-tool-implementation-to-advance-communication-teamwork-and-the-perception-of-patient-safety-culture
#11
Raymond L Bonds
Current evidence reveals that surgical patients are more prone to adverse events when compared to any other population in the acute care setting. In a military training hospital, handoff communication between surgical intensive care unit (SICU) nurses, physicians, and anesthesia providers (certified registered nurse anesthetists and anesthesiologists) about patients being prepared for surgery was identified as a problem by an initial inquiry of the staff. This article discusses an evidence-based project (EBP) that utilized a standardized multidisciplinary Situation, Background, Assessment, Recommendation (SBAR) tool to improve communication, teamwork, and the perception of a patient safety culture between the SICU nurses and physicians and the anesthesia providers in preparation for surgery...
May 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870458/consensus-guidelines-on-the-use-of-intravenous-ketamine-infusions-for-chronic-pain-from-the-american-society-of-regional-anesthesia-and-pain-medicine-the-american-academy-of-pain-medicine-and-the-american-society-of-anesthesiologists
#12
Steven P Cohen, Anuj Bhatia, Asokumar Buvanendran, Eric S Schwenk, Ajay D Wasan, Robert W Hurley, Eugene R Viscusi, Samer Narouze, Fred N Davis, Elspeth C Ritchie, Timothy R Lubenow, William M Hooten
BACKGROUND: Over the past 2 decades, the use of intravenous ketamine infusions as a treatment for chronic pain has increased dramatically, with wide variation in patient selection, dosing, and monitoring. This has led to a chorus of calls from various sources for the development of consensus guidelines. METHODS: In November 2016, the charge for developing consensus guidelines was approved by the boards of directors of the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine and, shortly thereafter, the American Academy of Pain Medicine...
June 7, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869557/the-human-pain-genetics-database-an-interview-with-luda-diatchenko
#13
Luda Diatchenko
Luda Diatchenko, MD, PhD is a Canada Excellence Research Chair in Human Pain Genetics, Professor, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Anesthesia and Faculty of Dentistry at McGill University, Alan Edwards Centre for Research on Pain. She earned her MD and PhD in the field of molecular biology from the Russian State Medical University. She started her career in industry, she was a Leader of the RNA Expression Group at Clontech, Inc., and subsequently, Director of Gene Discovery at Attagene, Inc. During this time, she was actively involved in the development of several widely used and widely cited molecular tools for the analysis of gene expression and regulation...
June 5, 2018: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867602/cognitive-and-neurophysiological-recovery-following-electroconvulsive-therapy-a-study-protocol
#14
Ben J A Palanca, Hannah R Maybrier, Angela M Mickle, Nuri B Farber, R Edward Hogan, Emma R Trammel, J Wylie Spencer, Donald D Bohnenkamp, Troy S Wildes, ShiNung Ching, Eric Lenze, Mathias Basner, Max B Kelz, Michael S Avidan
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) employs the elective induction of generalizes seizures as a potent treatment for severe psychiatric illness. As such, ECT provides an opportunity to rigorously study the recovery of consciousness, reconstitution of cognition, and electroencephalographic (EEG) activity following seizures. Fifteen patients with major depressive disorder refractory to pharmacologic therapy will be enrolled (Clinicaltrials.gov, NCT02761330). Adequate seizure duration will be confirmed following right unilateral ECT under etomidate anesthesia...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861803/efficacy-of-pectoral-nerve-block-type-ii-for-breast-conserving-surgery-and-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#15
Doo-Hwan Kim, Sooyoung Kim, Chan Sik Kim, Sukyung Lee, In-Gyu Lee, Hee Jeong Kim, Jong-Hyuk Lee, Sung-Moon Jeong, Kyu Taek Choi
Objectives: The pectoral nerve block type II (PECS II block) is widely used for postoperative analgesia after breast surgery. This study evaluated the analgesic efficacy of PECS II block in patients undergoing breast-conserving surgery (BCS) and sentinel lymph node biopsy (SNB). Methods: Patients were randomized to the control group ( n =40) and the PECS II group ( n =40). An ultrasound-guided PECS II block was performed after induction of anesthesia. The primary outcome measure was opioid consumption, and the secondary outcome was pain at the breast and axillary measured using the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) 24 hours after surgery...
2018: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858144/use-of-ultrasound-guided-superficial-cervical-plexus-block-for-pain-management-in-the-emergency-department
#16
Ben Ho, Michael De Paoli
BACKGROUND: Although use of the superficial cervical plexus block (SCPB) by anesthesia for perioperative indications is well described, there is a paucity of research on use of SCPB in the emergency department (ED). OBJECTIVE: This prospective observational study aims to prospectively characterize the feasibility, potential for efficacy, and safety of ultrasound-guided SCPB in a convenience sample of ED patients presenting with painful conditions of the "cape" distribution of the neck and shoulder...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847364/calculations-of-consciousness-electroencephalography-analyses-to-determine-anesthetic-depth
#17
Sarah L Eagleman, David R Drover
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Electroencephalography (EEG) was introduced into anesthesia practice in the 1990s as a tool to titrate anesthetic depth. However, limitations in current analysis techniques have called into question whether these techniques improve standard of care, or instead call for improved, more ubiquitously applicable measures to assess anesthetic transitions and depth. This review highlights emerging analytical approaches and techniques from neuroscience research that have the potential to better capture anesthetic transitions to provide better measurements of anesthetic depth...
May 29, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846418/vision-and-the-nobel-prize
#18
Fábio Barreto Morais
The Nobel Prize is the world's foremost honor for scientific advances in medicine and other areas. Founded by Alfred Nobel, the prizes have been awarded annually since 1901. We reviewed the literature on persons who have won or competed for this prize in subjects related to vision and ophthalmology. The topics were divided into vision physiology, diagnostic and therapeutic methods, disease mechanism, and miscellaneous categories. Allvar Gullstrand is the only ophthalmologist to win a Nobel Prize; he is also the only one to receive it for work in ophthalmology...
April 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846193/measuring-quality-of-recovery-in-perioperative-clinical-trials
#19
Paul S Myles
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Perioperative studies increasingly report patient-centered outcomes, but few provide a valid, global measure of a patient's health status after surgery and anesthesia. This review considers three quality of recovery (QoR) scales. RECENT FINDINGS: The 9-item (QoR Score), 15-item (QoR-15), and 40-item (QoR-40) QoR scales have been extensively validated in perioperative settings, and have also been used as outcome measures in numerous surgery and anesthesia studies...
May 24, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844947/surgical-technical-evidence-review-of-hip-fracture-surgery-conducted-for-the-ahrq-safety-program-for-improving-surgical-care-and-recovery
#20
REVIEW
Anaar Siletz, Christopher P Childers, Claire Faltermeier, Emily S Singer, Q Lina Hu, Clifford Y Ko, Stephen L Kates, Melinda Maggard-Gibbons, Elizabeth Wick
Background: Enhanced recovery pathways (ERPs) have been shown to improve patient outcomes in a variety of contexts. This review summarizes the evidence and defines a protocol for perioperative care of patients with hip fracture and was conducted for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality safety program for improving surgical care and recovery. Study Design: Perioperative care was divided into components or "bins." For each bin, a semisystematic review of the literature was conducted using MEDLINE with priority given to systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and randomized controlled trials...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
keyword
keyword
59204
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"