keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Anesthesia basics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780726/operative-techniques-for-improving-surgical-exposure-in-basic-cardiac-surgery
#1
Dawn S Hui, Jason M Lizalek, Vikram S Chawa, Richard Lee
Operative exposure is key to ensuring surgical efficiency and patient safety in cardiac surgery. As the population ages and the prevalence of obesity increases, cardiac surgeons will be challenged to consider obese patient physiology and body habitus, surgical exposure and sternotomy closure techniques, and postoperative medical management to ensure optimal outcomes. In this article, we describe techniques to improve operative exposure in both obese and non-obese patients undergoing basic cardiac surgery and highlight the roles of surgical team members to ensure patient safety and provide optimal anesthetic management...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771712/regression-the-apple-does-not-fall-far-from-the-tree
#2
Thomas R Vetter, Patrick Schober
Researchers and clinicians are frequently interested in either: (1) assessing whether there is a relationship or association between 2 or more variables and quantifying this association; or (2) determining whether 1 or more variables can predict another variable. The strength of such an association is mainly described by the correlation. However, regression analysis and regression models can be used not only to identify whether there is a significant relationship or association between variables but also to generate estimations of such a predictive relationship between variables...
May 15, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752843/propofol-anesthesia-exposure-and-nonaversive-memory-retrieval-and-the-expression-of-molecules-involved-in-memory-process-in-the-dorsal-hippocampus-in-peripubertal-rats
#3
Željko Pavković, Desanka Milanović, Sabera Ruždijić, Selma Kanazir, Vesna Pešić
BACKGROUND: The effects of anesthetic drugs on postoperative cognitive function in children are not well defined and have not been experimentally addressed. AIMS: The present study aimed to examine the influence of propofol anesthesia exposure on nonaversive hippocampus-dependent learning and biochemical changes involved in memory process in the dorsal hippocampus, in peripubertal rats as the rodent model of periadolescence. METHODS: The intersession spatial habituation and the novel object recognition tasks were used to assess spatial and nonspatial, nonaversive hippocampus-dependent learning...
May 12, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736555/-basic-manual-skills-in-pediatric-anesthesia
#4
EDITORIAL
M Jöhr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724305/-effects-of-continuous-intravenous-intraoperative-lidocaine-infusion-on-opioids-consumption-and-postoperative-recovery-in-patients-undergoing-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-lobectomy
#5
Zi Jia Liu, Liang Yan Zhang, Xu Guang Zheng, Le Shen, Kai Cheng Song, Jie Yi, Yu Guang Huang
Objective To investigate whether continuous intravenous intraoperative lidocaine infusion can reduce the opioids dosage and improve postoperative recovery in patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic(VATS) lobectomy. Methods Totally 60 patients undergoing VATS lobectomy were enrolled in this single-center randomized controlled study.The patients were equally randomized into lidocaine continuous pumping group(lidocaine group) and control group by computer-based random numbers.The patients had double-lumen catheter intubation,and total intravenous anesthesia was administrated intraoperatively...
April 28, 2018: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685887/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-infants-and-children-with-cardiac-disease-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#6
REVIEW
Bradley S Marino, Sarah Tabbutt, Graeme MacLaren, Mary Fran Hazinski, Ian Adatia, Dianne L Atkins, Paul A Checchia, Allan DeCaen, Ericka L Fink, George M Hoffman, John L Jefferies, Monica Kleinman, Catherine D Krawczeski, Daniel J Licht, Duncan Macrae, Chitra Ravishankar, Ricardo A Samson, Ravi R Thiagarajan, Rune Toms, James Tweddell, Peter C Laussen
Cardiac arrest occurs at a higher rate in children with heart disease than in healthy children. Pediatric basic life support and advanced life support guidelines focus on delivering high-quality resuscitation in children with normal hearts. The complexity and variability in pediatric heart disease pose unique challenges during resuscitation. A writing group appointed by the American Heart Association reviewed the literature addressing resuscitation in children with heart disease. MEDLINE and Google Scholar databases were searched from 1966 to 2015, cross-referencing pediatric heart disease with pertinent resuscitation search terms...
April 23, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683964/outcomes-of-anesthesia-selection-in-endovascular-treatment-of-acute-ischemic-stroke
#7
Yuming Peng, Youxuan Wu, Xiaochuan Huo, Peng Wu, Yang Zhou, Jiaxin Li, Fa Liang, Xiaoyuan Liu, Yuesong Pan, Zhongrong Miao, Ruquan Han
BACKGROUND: The association between anesthesia type and outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke undergoing endovascular treatment (EVT) remains a subject of ongoing debate. METHODS: This prospective nonrandomized controlled trial included 149 consecutive patients with acute anterior circulation stroke who underwent EVT. The primary outcome was functional independence assessed by the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) after 3 months. RESULTS: A total of 105 (70...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683806/role-of-network-science-in-the-study-of-anesthetic-state-transitions
#8
UnCheol Lee, George A Mashour
The heterogeneity of molecular mechanisms, target neural circuits, and neurophysiologic effects of general anesthetics makes it difficult to develop a reliable and drug-invariant index of general anesthesia. No single brain region or mechanism has been identified as the neural correlate of consciousness, suggesting that consciousness might emerge through complex interactions of spatially and temporally distributed brain functions. The goal of this review article is to introduce the basic concepts of networks and explain why the application of network science to general anesthesia could be a pathway to discover a fundamental mechanism of anesthetic-induced unconsciousness...
April 23, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677057/newborn-resuscitation-skills-in-health-care-providers-at-a-zambian-tertiary-center-and-comparison-to-world-health-organization-standards
#9
Sara C Mistry, Richard Lin, Hazel Mumphansha, Laura C Kettley, Janaki A Pearson, Sonia Akrimi, David J Mayne, Wonder Hangoma, M Dylan Bould
BACKGROUND: Birth asphyxia is a leading cause of early neonatal death. In 2013, 32% of neonatal deaths in Zambia were attributable to birth asphyxia and trauma. Basic, timely interventions are key to improving outcomes. However, data from the World Health Organization suggest that resuscitation is often not initiated, or is conducted suboptimally. Currently, there are little data on the quality of newborn resuscitation in the context of a tertiary center in a lower-middle income country...
April 17, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673529/neurochemistry-of-anesthetic-states
#10
Ralph Lydic, Helen A Baghdoyan, Amanda L May
Anesthetic mechanisms that eliminate consciousness and perception of pain are products of the nervous system. Chemical approaches to the study of anesthetic mechanisms have the potential to serve as an ideal interface between basic and clinical neuroscience. There are disproportionately more basic neurochemical studies than clinical studies of anesthetic mechanisms. Even within neuroscience, the study of anesthetic mechanisms is sparse. The Society for Neuroscience hosts one of the world's largest and most vibrant scientific meetings, yet the content themes of that meeting do not include anesthesia...
2018: Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661338/anesthesia-in-the-elderly-patient-undergoing-otolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery
#11
REVIEW
Takumi Codère-Maruyama, Albert Moore
Geriatric patients undergoing surgery have a whole set of specific physiologic changes, perioperative needs, and postoperative complications. This review presents an overview of the basic concepts and the evolving challenges pertaining to the care of geriatric patients undergoing otolaryngologic procedures from the perspective of the anesthesiologist.
May 2018: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660267/recovery-process-and-determinants-of-adverse-event-occurrence-in-bronchoscopic-procedures-performed-under-general-anesthesia
#12
Derya Özden Omaygenç, Nermin Ünal, Saadet İpek Edipoğlu, Tuğçe Barca Şeker, Mehmet Akif Özgül, Demet Turan, Cengiz Özdemir, İbrahim Oğuz Karaca, Erdoğan Çetinkaya
OBJECTIVE: Regarding the fact that rigid bronchoscopy is generally performed under general anesthesia and this patient subgroup is remarkably morbid, encountering procedure and/or anesthesia related complications are highly likely. Here, we aimed to assess factors influencing recovery and detect possible determinants of adverse event occurence during these operations performed in a tertiary referral centre. METHODS: 81 consecutive ASA I-IV patients were recruited for this investigation...
April 16, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651391/the-wound-healing-effects-of-herbal-cream-containing-oliveria-decumbens-and-pelargonium-graveolens-essential-oils-in-diabetic-foot-ulcer-model
#13
Mohaddese Mahboubi, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Tahereh Khamechian, Omid Reza Tamtaji, Rasoul Mokhtari, Sayyed Alireza Talaei
BACKGROUND: The number of diabetic patients in adult population is increasing. All this population are at risk of developing diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) that are associated with unwanted ailments and high mortality. In spite of current therapies for DFUs, further therapies are needed to help the patients. METHODS: The efficacy of herbal cream containing Pelargonium graveolens and Oliveria decombens essential oils was evaluated topically for treatment of DFUs in rat animal model in comparison with two other herbal formulas containing each essential oil alone, placebo (the basic formula without active ingredients) and normal saline as control groups...
January 2018: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628845/patient-satisfaction-and-experience-with-anesthesia-a-multicenter-survey-in-saudi-population
#14
Abdulrahman Alsaif, Saleh Alqahtani, Farhan Alanazi, Faris Alrashed, Abdullah Almutairi
Background and Objectives: Patients' satisfaction of anesthesia outcomes is a major part of the overall quality of health care. The aim of this study is to evaluate patient's satisfaction whether pre- or post-operative as well as overall impression using a multicenter prespecified survey tool. Methods: Three hundred and three patients who underwent surgery regardless the type of anesthesia were surveyed. The interview conducted face-to-face before surgery then within the first 24 h of surgery...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619512/a-nationwide-assessment-of-pediatric-surgical-capacity-in-mongolia
#15
Laura F Goodman, Erdenetsetseg Chuluun, Burmaa Sanjaa, Sanchin Urjin, Sarnai Erdene, Narantuya Khad, Adiyasuren Jamiyanjav, Jacob Stephenson, Diana L Farmer
BACKGROUND: Mongolia is a country characterized by its vast distances and extreme climate. An underdeveloped medical transport infrastructure makes patient transfer from outlying regions dangerous. Providing pediatric surgical care locally is crucial to improve the lives of children in the countryside. This is the first structured assessment of nationwide pediatric surgical capacity. METHODS: Operation rates were calculated using data from the Mongolian Center for Health Development and population data from the Mongolian Statistical Information Service...
April 4, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616566/report-on-first-certificate-course-on-applied-physiology-of-pain-analgesia-anesthesia-and-euthanasia-for-laboratory-animals-held-in-sri-lanka
#16
Mangala Gunatilake
Similar to human beings, pain is an unpleasant sensation experienced by animals as well. There is no exception when the animals are subjected to experimental procedures. Our duty as researchers/scientists is to prevent or minimize the pain in animals so as to lessen their suffering and distress during experimental procedures. The basics of the physiology of pain and pain perception, analgesia, anesthesia, and euthanasia of laboratory animals were included to complete the program, before the practical part was attempted and before advanced topics, such as comparison of anesthetic combinations, were discussed...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589454/-open-versus-laparoscopic-appendectomy-for-acute-appendicitis-in-children
#17
R Štichhauer, J Koudelka
INTRODUCTION: Acute appendicitis is a common disease affecting both adults and children. The basic therapeutic procedure is an appendectomy. Open appendectomy has been gradually supplemented and sometimes replaced by a laparoscopic approach in numerous departments. The aim of our work was to compare laparoscopic and open surgery objectively. METHOD: Retrospective analysis of data from patients operated on at the Department of Pediatric Surgery and Traumatology, Teaching Hospital in Hradec Králové in 20092016...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561295/interfascial-plane-blocks-back-to-basics
#18
Hesham Elsharkawy, Amit Pawa, Edward R Mariano
Ultrasound-guided interfascial plane blocks are a recent development in modern regional anesthesia research and practice and represent a new route of transmission for local anesthetic to various anatomic locations, but much more research is warranted. Before becoming overtaken with enthusiasm for these new techniques, a deeper understanding of fascial tissue anatomy and structure, as well as precise targets for needle placement, is required. Many factors may influence the ultimate spread and quality of resulting interfascial plane blocks, and these must be understood in order to best integrate these techniques into contemporary perioperative pain management protocols...
March 20, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554893/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-different-sand-particles-that-used-in-dental-implant-roughened-for-osseointegration
#19
Mehmet Emre Yurttutan, Ahmet Keskin
BACKGROUND: Successful dental implant treatment is directly related to osseointegration. In achieving osseointegration, the surface property of the implant is of great importance. Sandblasting is the most commonly used basic method for modifying the surface. Many companies use different sand particles for surface roughening and claim their sand is the best. This leads clinicians to mix their minds in product selection. In this study, we tried to find the appropriate sand material by working objectively without praising any brand...
March 20, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547426/improving-anesthesia-safety-in-low-resource-settings
#20
Fauzia A Khan, Alan F Merry
The safety of anesthesia characteristic of high-income countries today is not matched in low-resource settings with poor infrastructure, shortages of anesthesia providers, essential drugs, equipment, and supplies. Health care is delivered through complex systems. Achieving sustainable widespread improvement globally will require an understanding of how to influence such systems. Health outcomes depend not only on a country's income, but also on how resources are allocated, and both vary substantially, between and within countries...
April 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
keyword
keyword
59201
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"