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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679839/xenon-detection-in-human-blood-analytical-validation-by-accuracy-profile-and-identification-of-critical-storage-parameters
#1
Cécile Frampas, Julia Ney, Mark Coburn, Marc Augsburger, Vincent Varlet
Xenon is a rare, mostly inert, noble gas that has applications in a wide range of fields, including medicine. Xenon acts on the human body as a useful organ-protective and anesthetic agent and has also been previously studied for potential applications in fields such as optics, aerospace and medical imaging. Recently, it was discovered that xenon can boost erythropoietin production, and it has been used as a performance-enhancing agent in international sports competitions such as the Sochi Olympic Games. Therefore, screening methods to detect the misuse of xenon by analysis of biological samples and to monitor anesthesia kinetics and efficiency are being investigated...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678488/medicolegal-considerations-involving-iatrogenic-lingual-nerve-damage
#2
REVIEW
Roberto Pippi, Andrea Spota, Marcello Santoro
The aim of this review is to improve risk management strategies through analysis of the anatomic, semeiotic, and medicolegal aspects that characterize iatrogenic lingual nerve damage (LND) and its legal consequences in the case of legal proceedings for a claim for compensation. In dental practice, LND can be caused by local or general anesthesia or by mechanical, chemical, or thermal mechanisms. A certain postoperative identification of LND etiopathogenesis is often very challenging because it can be difficult to show at what time the damage occurred and which mechanism actually caused it...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677919/from-data-extraction-to-analysis-proposal-of-a-methodology-to-optimize-hospital-data-reuse-process
#3
Antoine Lamer, Grégoire Ficheur, Louis Rousselet, Marine van Berleere, Emmanuel Chazard, Alexandre Caron
In the Lille University Hospital (North of France), data from the Anesthesia Information Management System (Diane® are linked to the Hospital Information System and stored in a dedicated data warehouse since 2010. These electronic medical records need to be reused and analyzed for observational studies. The aim of this paper is to describe the framework developed to structure the operation of that anesthesia data warehouse for research purposes. The presented framework is structured around three meetings between clinicians, computer scientists, and statisticians...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677063/the-anesthesia-perioperative-call-for-help-experience-at-a-quaternary-pediatric-medical-center-analysis-of-67-564-anesthesia-encounters
#4
Bistra G Vlassakova, Sean M Sinnott, Nissa Askins, Matthew X Callahan, Izabela C Leahy, David Zurakowski, Paul R Hickey, Joseph P Cravero
BACKGROUND: During the past several decades, anesthesia has become increasingly safe. Truly major adverse events are rare, and anesthesia quality researchers have instituted programs to evaluate "near miss" or less critical adverse events to evaluate the safety of anesthesia delivery. In this study, we aimed to evaluate calls for emergency help in our institution as a surrogate for pending critical events. We hypothesized that calls would be more common in patients with high American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status, history of prematurity, and children with recent respiratory illness compared to those without these characteristics...
April 17, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672578/the-cost-effectiveness-of-three-methods-of-disseminating-information-to-improve-medical-male-circumcision-in-uganda
#5
Edward I Broughton, Esther Karamagi, Angella Kigonya, Anna Lawino, Lani Marquez, Sarah Smith Lunsford, Albert Twinomugisha
BACKGROUND: Uganda is working to increase voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) to prevent HIV infection. To support VMMC quality improvement, this study compared three methods of disseminating information to facilities on how to improve VMMC quality: M-providing a written manual; MH-providing the manual plus a handover meeting in which clinicians shared advice on implementing key changes and participated in group discussion; and MHC-manual, handover meeting, and three site visits to the facility in which a coach provided individualized guidance and mentoring on improvement...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669523/central-retinal-artery-occlusion-rethinking-retinal-survival-time
#6
Stephan Tobalem, James S Schutz, Argyrios Chronopoulos
BACKGROUND: The critical time from onset of complete occlusion of the central retinal artery (CRA) to functionally significant inner retinal infarction represents a window of opportunity for treatment and also has medical-legal implications, particularly when central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) complicates therapeutic interventions. Here, we review the evidence for time to infarction from complete CRAO and discuss the implications of our findings. METHODS: A Medline search was performed using each of the terms "central retinal artery occlusion", "retinal infarction", "retinal ischemia", and "cherry red spot" from 1970 to the present including articles in French and German...
April 18, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669351/bronchial-thermoplasty-in-severe-asthma-best-practice-recommendations-from-an-expert-panel
#7
Peter I Bonta, Pascal Chanez, Jouke T Annema, Pallav L Shah, Robert Niven
Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) is a bronchoscopic treatment for patients with severe asthma who remain symptomatic despite optimal medical therapy. In this "expert best practice" paper, the background and practical aspects of BT are highlighted. Randomized, controlled clinical trials have shown BT to be safe and effective in reducing severe exacerbations, improving quality of life, and decreasing emergency department visits. Five-year follow-up studies have provided evidence of the functional stability of BT-treated patients with persistence of a clinical benefit...
April 17, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668909/effect-of-ephedrine-on-gastric-conduit-perfusion-measured-by-laser-speckle-contrast-imaging-after-esophagectomy-a-prospective-in-vivo-cohort-study
#8
S M Jansen, D M de Bruin, M I van Berge Henegouwen, P R Bloemen, S D Strackee, D P Veelo, T G van Leeuwen, S S Gisbertz
Compromised perfusion due to ligation of arteries and veins in esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction often (5-20%) results in necrosis and anastomotic leakage, which relate to high morbidity and mortality (3-4%). Ephedrine is used widely in anesthesia to treat intraoperative hypotension and may improve perfusion by the increase of cardiac output and mean arterial pressure (MAP). This study tests the effect of ephedrine on perfusion of the future anastomotic site of the gastric conduit, measured by laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI)...
April 13, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664956/you-pray-to-your-god-a-qualitative-analysis-of-challenges-in-the-provision-of-safe-timely-and-affordable-surgical-care-in-uganda
#9
Katherine Albutt, Rachel R Yorlets, Maria Punchak, Peter Kayima, Didacus B Namanya, Geoffrey A Anderson, Mark G Shrime
BACKGROUND: Five billion people lack access to safe, affordable, and timely surgical and anesthesia care. Significant challenges remain in the provision of surgical care in low-resource settings. Uganda is no exception. METHODS: From September to November 2016, we conducted a mixed-methods countrywide surgical capacity assessment at 17 randomly selected public hospitals in Uganda. Researchers conducted 35 semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders to understand factors related to the provision of surgical care...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664760/effect-of-routine-clopidogrel-use-on-bleeding-complications-after-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration
#10
Tracey N Webb, Eric Flenaugh, Ralitza Martin, Christopher Parks, Rabih I Bechara
BACKGROUND: Endobronchial ultrasonography has proven to be highly sensitive and specific in the diagnoses of patients with mediastinal and hilar adenopathy. Many of these patients are on a combination of clopidogrel (a compound that inhibits adenosine diphosphate-induced platelet aggregation) and aspirin due to neurological and/or cardiac-related comorbidities, and stopping anticoagulation may place these patients at high risk for potential complications. Our group has previously showed that thoracentesis with an 8-french catheter is safe in patients receiving clopidogrel and aspirin with low risk of complications...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664053/labor-onset-oxytocin-use-and-epidural-anesthesia-for-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-section-and-associated-effects-on-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-china-a-retrospective-study
#11
Shao-Wen Wu, He Dian, Wei-Yuan Zhang
Background: In the mainland of China, the trial of labor after cesarean section is still a relatively new technique. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of labor onset, oxytocin use, and epidural anesthesia on maternal and neonatal outcomes for vaginal birth after cesarean section (VBAC) in a tertiary hospital in China. Methods: This was a retrospective study carried out on 212 VBAC cases between January 2015 and June 2017 in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University...
April 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661126/gnao1-mutation-induced-pediatric-dystonic-storm-rescue-with-pallidal-deep-brain-stimulation
#12
C Michael Honey, Armaan K Malhotra, Maja Tarailo-Graovac, Clara D M van Karnebeek, Gabriella Horvath, Adi Sulistyanto
Dystonic storm or status dystonicus is a life-threatening hyperkinetic movement disorder with biochemical alterations due to the excessive muscle contractions. The medical management can require pediatric intensive care unit admission and a combination of medications while the underlying trigger is managed. Severe cases may require general anesthesia and paralytic agents with intubation and may relapse when these drugs are weaned. Deep brain stimulation of the globus pallidum has been reported to terminate dystonic storm in several pediatric cases...
May 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658980/relative-complications-and-trends-of-outpatient-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#13
Armin Arshi, Natalie L Leong, Christopher Wang, Zorica Buser, Jeffrey C Wang, Peter S Vezeridis, David R McAllister, Frank A Petrigliano
Outpatient arthroplasty is an appealing option among select patient populations as a mechanism for reducing health care expenditure. The purpose of this study was to determine the nationwide trends and complication profile of outpatient total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). The authors reviewed a national administrative claims database to identify patients undergoing TSA as outpatients and inpatients from 2007 to 2016. The incidence of perioperative surgical and medical complications was determined by querying for relevant International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, and Current Procedural Terminology codes...
April 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658838/effectiveness-of-translational-manipulation-under-interscalene-block-for-the-treatment-of-adhesive-capsulitis-of-the-shoulder-a-nonrandomized-clinical-trial
#14
Daniel G Rendeiro, Gail D Deyle, Norman W Gill, Guy R Majkowski, Ian E Lee, Dale A Jensen, Robert S Wainner
STUDY DESIGN: Nonrandomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether translational manipulation under anesthesia/local block (TMUA) adds to the benefit of mobilization and range of motion exercise for improving pain and functional status among patients with adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder (AC). BACKGROUND: TMUA has been shown to improve pain and dysfunction in patients with AC. This intervention has not been directly compared to physical therapy treatment without TMUA in a prospective trial...
April 16, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650544/evaluation-and-management-of-right-sided-heart-failure-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#15
REVIEW
Marvin A Konstam, Michael S Kiernan, Daniel Bernstein, Biykem Bozkurt, Miriam Jacob, Navin K Kapur, Robb D Kociol, Eldrin F Lewis, Mandeep R Mehra, Francis D Pagani, Amish N Raval, Carey Ward
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The diverse causes of right-sided heart failure (RHF) include, among others, primary cardiomyopathies with right ventricular (RV) involvement, RV ischemia and infarction, volume loading caused by cardiac lesions associated with congenital heart disease and valvular pathologies, and pressure loading resulting from pulmonic stenosis or pulmonary hypertension from a variety of causes, including left-sided heart disease. Progressive RV dysfunction in these disease states is associated with increased morbidity and mortality...
April 12, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649026/evidence-review-conducted-for-the-agency-for-healthcare-research-and-quality-safety-program-for-improving-surgical-care-and-recovery-focus-on-anesthesiology-for-colorectal-surgery
#16
Kristen A Ban, Melinda M Gibbons, Clifford Y Ko, Elizabeth C Wick, Maxime Cannesson, Michael J Scott, Michael C Grant, Christopher L Wu
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, in partnership with the American College of Surgeons and the Johns Hopkins Medicine Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality, has developed the Safety Program for Improving Surgical Care and Recovery (ISCR), which is a national effort to disseminate best practices in perioperative care to more than 750 hospitals across multiple procedures in the next 5 years. The program will integrate evidence-based processes central to enhanced recovery and prevention of surgical site infection, venous thromboembolic events, catheter-associated urinary tract infections with socioadaptive interventions to improve surgical outcomes, patient experience, and perioperative safety culture...
April 11, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643802/the-beneficial-effects-of-cognitive-training-with-simple-calculation-and-reading-aloud-scra-in-the-elderly-postoperative-population-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Kay Kulason, Rui Nouchi, Yasushi Hoshikawa, Masafumi Noda, Yoshinori Okada, Ryuta Kawashima
Background: There has been little research conducted regarding cognitive treatments for the elderly postsurgical population. Patients aged ≥60 years have an increased risk of postoperative cognitive decline, a condition in which cognitive functions are negatively affected. This cognitive decline can lead to a decline in quality of life. In order to maintain a high quality of life, the elderly postsurgical population may benefit from treatment to maintain and/or improve their cognitive functions. This pilot study investigates the effect of simple calculation and reading aloud (SCRA) cognitive training in elderly Japanese postsurgical patients...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643795/ocular-injury-due-to-potassium-permanganate-granules
#18
Chareenun Chirapapaisan, Pinnita Prabhasawat, Sabong Srivannaboon, Vatookarn Roongpoovapatr, Piyada Chitsuthipakorn
Purpose: We report a rare case of ocular injury due to potassium permanganate (KMnO4 ) granules in a child. Methods: This is a retrospective case report. Results: A 2-year-old boy was transferred to our emergency room with severe pain in his right eye, inflamed eyelids, and brownish stains on his fingers. Chemical injury was suspected. Copious eye irrigation was immediately performed. Diffuse brownish splotches were then observed at the inferior bulbar conjunctiva...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643628/pediatric-critical-incidents-reported-over-15-years-at-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-of-a-developing-country
#19
Shemila Abbasi, Fauzia Anis Khan, Sobia Khan
Background and Aims: The role of critical incident (CI) reporting is well established in improving patient safety but only a limited number of available reports relate to pediatric incidents. Our aim was to analyze the reported CIs specific to pediatric patients in our database and to reevaluate the value of this program in addressing issues in pediatric anesthesia practice. Material and Methods: Incidents related to pediatric population from neonatal period till the age of 12 years were selected...
January 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629260/acute-right-ventricular-failure-postintubation-in-a-mitral-stenosis-patient
#20
Sridhar Reddy Musuku, Saroj Pani, John Cagino
Mitral stenosis (MS) is prevalent in 0.02-0.2% of the population in developed countries. The pathophysiology of MS results in elevated left atrial pressures and over-time results in pulmonary hypertension (HTN) which ultimately affects the right ventricle. In addition, MS restricts the diastolic filling of the left ventricle. Therefore, during induction patients with MS are limited by their ability to increase cardiac output by increasing stroke volume. Anesthesia goals in severe MS are to avoid sudden changes in heart rate, as well as systemic and pulmonary artery pressures...
January 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
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